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1
TSUNAMI WARNING!
TSUNAMI WARNING!
::2013/07/28::
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2
Pacific Tsunami Warning Center
Pacific Tsunami Warning Center
::2011/03/17::
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3
DSA Pacific Tsunami Warning Center 5-2-2011
DSA Pacific Tsunami Warning Center 5-2-2011
::2011/05/03::
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4
Busy Morning At Pacific Tsunami Center
Busy Morning At Pacific Tsunami Center
::2009/09/30::
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5
BREAKING: Major 8.0 Earthquake Hits Chile, TSUNAMI Warning for Pacific Coast
BREAKING: Major 8.0 Earthquake Hits Chile, TSUNAMI Warning for Pacific Coast
::2014/04/01::
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6
Strong 7.7-magnitude Canada quake prompts tsunami warning. Pacific tsunami warning center
Strong 7.7-magnitude Canada quake prompts tsunami warning. Pacific tsunami warning center
::2012/10/28::
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7
Chile earthquake 2014 - Amazing VIDEOS TSUNAMI WARNING DESTROY
Chile earthquake 2014 - Amazing VIDEOS TSUNAMI WARNING DESTROY
::2014/04/02::
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8
Pacific Tsunami Warning Center Holds Press Conference As First Tsunami Waves Reach Hawaii
Pacific Tsunami Warning Center Holds Press Conference As First Tsunami Waves Reach Hawaii
::2012/10/28::
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9
9PM- Pacific Tsunami Warning Center
9PM- Pacific Tsunami Warning Center
::2012/10/28::
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10
4/11/2012 -- 8.7 magnitude earthquake Sumatra West Pacific = Tsunami warning
4/11/2012 -- 8.7 magnitude earthquake Sumatra West Pacific = Tsunami warning
::2012/04/11::
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11
#HITsunami 10:51pm local update: Pacific Tsunami Warning Center
#HITsunami 10:51pm local update: Pacific Tsunami Warning Center's, Gerard Fryer
::2012/10/28::
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12
U.S. Pacific Tsunami Warning Center cancels tsunami watch for Indian Ocean areas
U.S. Pacific Tsunami Warning Center cancels tsunami watch for Indian Ocean areas
::2012/04/11::
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13
U.S. Pacific Tsunami Warning Center cancels tsunami watch for Indian Ocean areas
U.S. Pacific Tsunami Warning Center cancels tsunami watch for Indian Ocean areas
::2012/04/11::
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14
Hawaii
Hawaii's Pacific Tsunami Warning Center
::2010/02/28::
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15
"Let
"Let's wait and see" Pacific Tsunami Warning Center head says [11:22pm local]
::2012/10/28::
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16
Tsunami Sparked After Huge Chile Earthquake
Tsunami Sparked After Huge Chile Earthquake
::2014/04/01::
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17
Tsunami Warning - Honolulu, Hawaii
Tsunami Warning - Honolulu, Hawaii
::2011/03/12::
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18
BREAKING M 8.0 quake hits Solomon Islands in the Pacific !  Tsunami Warning
BREAKING M 8.0 quake hits Solomon Islands in the Pacific ! Tsunami Warning
::2013/02/05::
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19
Tsunami Warning for Hawaii after Chile Earthquake 2/27/10
Tsunami Warning for Hawaii after Chile Earthquake 2/27/10
::2010/02/27::
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20
Tsunami Warning: Hawaii - October 28, 2012 - 7.7 Earthquake in Canada
Tsunami Warning: Hawaii - October 28, 2012 - 7.7 Earthquake in Canada
::2012/10/28::
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21
Massive 8.8 Magnitude Hit Japan. Stay Tune on Tsunami Warning, Check Description Below
Massive 8.8 Magnitude Hit Japan. Stay Tune on Tsunami Warning, Check Description Below
::2011/03/11::
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22
Powerful Earthquake Strikes Off Chile Coast - Tsunami WARNING
Powerful Earthquake Strikes Off Chile Coast - Tsunami WARNING
::2014/04/01::
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23
Massive 7.9 Earthquake Strikes Costa Rica triggering Tsunami Warnings (Sept 5, 2012)
Massive 7.9 Earthquake Strikes Costa Rica triggering Tsunami Warnings (Sept 5, 2012)
::2012/09/05::
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24
TSUNAMI UPDATE 6:  CANCELLATION
TSUNAMI UPDATE 6: CANCELLATION
::2014/04/02::
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25
Five dead as 8.0 quake off Solomons sparks Pacific tsunami
Five dead as 8.0 quake off Solomons sparks Pacific tsunami
::2013/02/06::
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26
Chile Earthquake: 8.0, Tsunami Warning Throughout Pacific, Including Asia & Australia Coasts!!
Chile Earthquake: 8.0, Tsunami Warning Throughout Pacific, Including Asia & Australia Coasts!!
::2014/04/02::
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27
tsunami warning hawaii
tsunami warning hawaii
::2012/10/28::
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28
Tsunami island warning. generated by 8.0 quake in South Pacific  2013
Tsunami island warning. generated by 8.0 quake in South Pacific 2013
::2013/02/06::
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29
Approaching tsunami warning from Hawaii
Approaching tsunami warning from Hawaii
::2012/10/29::
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30
LATEST NEWS   Tsunami warnings canceled
LATEST NEWS Tsunami warnings canceled
::2013/02/10::
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31
Magnitude 8 2 Quake Strikes Off Coast Of Chile; Tsunami Warning In South America
Magnitude 8 2 Quake Strikes Off Coast Of Chile; Tsunami Warning In South America
::2014/04/02::
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32
BREAKING 7.9 M earthquake Costa Rica ! Chile
BREAKING 7.9 M earthquake Costa Rica ! Chile's navy declares tsunami warning !
::2012/09/05::
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33
Indonesia, India downgrade Tsunami Warnings
Indonesia, India downgrade Tsunami Warnings
::2012/04/11::
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34
EarthQuake Aftershock 7.8 Pacific coast Americas Tsunami Chile, Peru, Hawaii, Panama
EarthQuake Aftershock 7.8 Pacific coast Americas Tsunami Chile, Peru, Hawaii, Panama
::2014/04/02::
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35
7.5 Magnitude EARTHQUAKE in PAPUA NEW GUINEA Sparks Tsunami Warning
7.5 Magnitude EARTHQUAKE in PAPUA NEW GUINEA Sparks Tsunami Warning
::2014/04/19::
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36
**Breaking News** 4/2/14 Tsunami Reaches Hawaii; Japan Issues Tsunami Advisory
**Breaking News** 4/2/14 Tsunami Reaches Hawaii; Japan Issues Tsunami Advisory
::2014/04/02::
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37
Tsunami Warning in Alaska!! 24.06.2014
Tsunami Warning in Alaska!! 24.06.2014
::2014/06/23::
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38
BREAKING: Powerful Earthquake 8 0 Hits Chile, Tsunami   Tsunami to Come
BREAKING: Powerful Earthquake 8 0 Hits Chile, Tsunami Tsunami to Come
::2014/04/01::
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39
Tsunami warning siren blares as Chile put on alert
Tsunami warning siren blares as Chile put on alert
::2014/04/03::
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40
TSUNAMI WARNING ISSUED FOR HAWAII  28.10.2012
TSUNAMI WARNING ISSUED FOR HAWAII 28.10.2012
::2012/10/28::
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41
Rapture Signs| Major 8.2 Earthquake Hits Chile, TSUNAMI Warning for Pacific Coast
Rapture Signs| Major 8.2 Earthquake Hits Chile, TSUNAMI Warning for Pacific Coast
::2014/04/01::
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42
Japan M8.9 Earthquake - Hawaii Tsunami Warning: First Sirens
Japan M8.9 Earthquake - Hawaii Tsunami Warning: First Sirens
::2011/03/11::
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43
7.9 earthquake hits off Philippines, tsunami warning issued -NewsX
7.9 earthquake hits off Philippines, tsunami warning issued -NewsX
::2012/08/31::
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44
HAWAII TSUNAMI WARNING / CNN show why islands were in danger after Chile Earthquake
HAWAII TSUNAMI WARNING / CNN show why islands were in danger after Chile Earthquake
::2010/02/27::
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45
Chile Earthquake 2014 - 8 2 Magnitude Earthquake Strikes Chile (Tsunami Warning)
Chile Earthquake 2014 - 8 2 Magnitude Earthquake Strikes Chile (Tsunami Warning)
::2014/04/04::
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46
Tsunami Strike Japan - Warning Systems Part 3
Tsunami Strike Japan - Warning Systems Part 3
::2012/10/30::
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47
ALERT HAWAII TSUNAMI WARNING
ALERT HAWAII TSUNAMI WARNING
::2012/10/28::
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48
Official: tsunami warnings have been canceled
Official: tsunami warnings have been canceled
::2013/02/05::
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49
8.3/7.8 MAGNITUDE Earthquake Strikes Near Solomon Islands TSUNAMI WARNING
8.3/7.8 MAGNITUDE Earthquake Strikes Near Solomon Islands TSUNAMI WARNING
::2014/04/12::
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Tsunami Animation: Northern Chile, 1 April 2014
Tsunami Animation: Northern Chile, 1 April 2014
::2014/04/12::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Tsunami warning sign
A diagram of the DART II system

The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center (PTWC) is one of two tsunami warning centers that are operated by NOAA in the United States. Headquartered in 'Ewa Beach, Hawaii, the PTWC is part of an international tsunami warning system (TWS) program and serves as the operational center for TWS of the Pacific issuing bulletins and warnings to participating members and other nations in the Pacific Ocean area of responsibility. It is also the regional (local) warning center for the State of Hawaii. The other tsunami warning center is the National Tsunami Warning Center (NTWC) in Palmer, Alaska, serving all coastal regions of Canada and the United States except Hawaii, the Caribbean Sea & Gulf Of Mexico.

The PTWC was established in 1949, following the 1946 Aleutian Island earthquake and a tsunami that resulted in 165 casualties in Hawaii and Alaska. After the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami, PTWC has extended its warning guidance to include the Indian Ocean, Caribbean and adjacent regions until regional capability is in place for these areas. These regional systems will form a global tsunami warning system once they are in operation.

The PTWC uses seismic data as its starting point, but then takes into account oceanographic data when calculating possible threats. Tide gauges in the area of the earthquake are checked to establish if a tsunami has formed. The center then forecasts the future of the tsunami, issuing warnings to at-risk areas all around the Pacific basin if needed. There are never false alarms—if the PTWC issues a tsunami warning for a particular area, the tsunami is already on its way and will hit. As it takes more time for tsunamis to travel trans-oceanic distances, the PTWC can afford to take the time to make sure of its forecasts.[citation needed]

Bulletins[edit]

Depending on the seismic data, PTWC will issue the following types of bulletins:

Tsunami Information Bulletin
At this time, though a threat exists, there is no evidence that a tsunami is making its way across the Pacific.
Tsunami Watch
PTWC has determined the earthquake may very likely have created a tsunami and is advising parties to be alert as PTWC awaits tide data to support tsunami generation. A watch may be upgraded to an advisory or a warning.
Tsunami Advisory
PTWC has determined the earthquake has created a tsunami with strong currents or waves dangerous to those in or very near the water.
Tsunami Warning
PTWC finds conditions serious enough to issue immediate concern to parts of the Pacific. The message will include approximate arrival times for various parts of the Pacific.

Deep-ocean tsunami detection[edit]

In 1995, NOAA began developing the Deep-ocean Assessment and Reporting of Tsunamis (DART) system. By 2001, an array of six stations had been deployed in the Pacific Ocean.[1]

Beginning in 2005, as a result of the tsunami caused by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, plans were announced to add 32 more DART buoys to be operational by mid-2007.[2]

These stations give detailed information about tsunamis while they are still far off shore. Each station consists of a sea-bed bottom pressure recorder (at a depth of 1000–6000 m) which detects the passage of a tsunami and transmits the data to a surface buoy via acoustic modem. The surface buoy then radios the information to the PTWC via the GOES satellite system. The bottom pressure recorder lasts for two years while the surface buoy is replaced every year. The system has considerably improved the forecasting and warning of tsunamis in the Pacific Ocean.

Final transmission[edit]

Local populations in the United States of America receive tsunami information through radio and television receivers connected to the Emergency Alert System, and in some places (such as Hawaii) civil defense sirens and roving loudspeaker broadcasts from police vehicles. The public can subscribe to the RSS feed or email alerts from the PTWC web site,[3] and the UNESCO site.[4] Email and text messages are also available from the USGS Earthquake Notification Service[5] which includes tsunami alerts.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

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