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|District of Jharkhand|
Location of Palamu district in Jharkhand
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||1. Palamu, 2. Chatra (shared with Chatra district)|
|• Assembly seats||5|
|• Total||5,044 km2 (1,947 sq mi)|
|• Density||480/km2 (1,300/sq mi)|
|• Literacy||75.5 per cent|
|• Sex ratio||929|
|Major highways||NH 75, NH 98|
The district lies between 23°50′ and 24°8′ north latitude and between 83°55′ and 84°30′ east longitude. It is bordered on the north by Sone River & Bihar and on the east by the Chatra and Hazaribagh districts, on the south by Latehar District and on the west by Garhwa District.
Palamu district consists of 21 Blocks. The following are the list of the Blocks in Palamu district:
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Palamu one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 24 districts in Jharkhand currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
According to the 2011 census Palamu district has a population of 24,36,319, roughly equal to the nation of Lesotho or the US state of West Virginia. This gives it a ranking of 243rd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 381 inhabitants per square kilometre (990/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 25.94%. Palamu has a sex ratio of 929 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 65.5%.
Languages spoken here include Asuri, an Austroasiatic language spoken by approximately 17 000 in India, largely in the southern part of Palamu; and [Magahi Language] group with almost 40 000 000 speakers, written in both the Devanagari and Kaithi scripts.
The only university in Medininagar (Daltonganj) is Nilamber-Pitamber University, created on the 17th of January, 2009. The Chief Minister of Jharkhand declared that the Nilamber-Pitamber University would be set up in Medininagar (Daltonganj) in 2001. There are 66 primary schools, 30 middle schools, 17 Navsirijit schools, 10 high schools and 1 Engineering College in the Daltonganj block. The main colleges in Daltonganj include:
Popular schools in Medininagar (Daltonganj) are
Popular Computer Education Centre in Medininagar (Daltonganj) are
World's first tiger-census was done in the Palamau forests in the year 1932. Counting was based on pugmarks. There were around 44 tigers when the last census was done. There are several other wildlife found in the sanctuary — chital, chinkara, common langur, dhole (wild dogs), elephants, gaur, hares, Indian porcupine, nilgai, monkey, mouse deer, leopard, pangolin, panther, sambar (deer), sloth bear, wild boar and wolves. Peafowl, red junglefowl and partridges are the common birds found here.
The tourists can drive through dense patches of sal and bamboo in the park. A guide and jeep can be hired from the forest department. Watch towers are there to observe the wildlife in relative safety.There are tree houses which can be rented out for stay and food arrangement is also catered for.
Birdhawar is a village located on the bank of the North Koel River, in the Palamau district of the Indian state of Jharkhand. Muhammadganj is the post office and police station of Birdhawar. MdGanj is the block of Birdhawar. Birdhawar is surrounded by Haider Nagar block to the west, Rohtas block to the North, Nabinagar block to the East, and Nawhatta block to the south. Area cities include Hussainabad, Garhwa, Aurangabad, Dehri-on-sone. This place is on the border of the Palamau District and Aurangabad District, Bihar.
Birdhawar is situated on the Koel river bank to the west and on the Nahar project to the east. It is located at 64 km (40 mi) from Daltonganj. The largest railroad stations near Birdhawar are Muhammadganj Railway Station, Haiidernagar, and Japla Station. Nabinagar is east towards this place. Birdhawar also borders Rohtas district. It is near the Bihar state border. There is a Lord Shiva temple to the west of the village, a Devi Sheetla mandir on the east side of the village, and a Devi Mandap at the center of the village. Birdhawar has a general store and two rice-flour mills. There are numerous local businesses including ones dealing in decorative items, tent houses, and a Tent & Sound.
In legends, "Birdhawar" was a bastion of brave and powerful people. Regarding this, it was known as Birdhawar(बिरधावर). Etymologically,'Bir(बीर)' is an informally used version of 'वीर(veer)' meaning brave by in the Hindi language.
Muhammadganj is the nearest major market next to the village. Haider nagar and Japla are also well connected with this village.
Rajkiya, a middle school, is open in this village. A high school is located at Muhammadganj, about 3 km (2 mi)away from the village. Intermediate and graduation colleges are located in Japla about 24 km (14 mi) away from the village.
West Virginia 1,852,994
||Rohtas district, Bihar||Aurangabad district, Bihar||Gaya district, Bihar|
|Garhwa district||Chatra district|