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Santal Pargana Sona Dissom ....Stage Performance
Santal Pargana Sona Dissom ....Stage Performance
Published: 2017/03/12
Channel: JOHAR Santal Paraganas
Sea Bath, South 24 Parganas ,West Bengal, India
Sea Bath, South 24 Parganas ,West Bengal, India
Published: 2016/10/18
Channel: dbiswas
Sea Bathing Video of Bakkhali Sea,Namkhana, South 24 pargana,West Bengal
Sea Bathing Video of Bakkhali Sea,Namkhana, South 24 pargana,West Bengal
Published: 2016/10/18
Channel: dbiswas
Royal Bengal Tiger comes in Sundarban village,india, westbengal, south 24 pargana, Sundarban
Royal Bengal Tiger comes in Sundarban village,india, westbengal, south 24 pargana, Sundarban
Published: 2018/01/01
Channel: STUDIO SAMRAT, JOYNAGAR
Decoding North 24-Pargana
Decoding North 24-Pargana
Published: 2017/07/07
Channel: Go News 24x7 India
floods in india - floods in south 24 parganas map of west bengal
floods in india - floods in south 24 parganas map of west bengal
Published: 2016/09/20
Channel: Happy Sunrise
south 24 pargana news
south 24 pargana news
Published: 2016/04/29
Channel: 24 ghanta
West Bengal North 24 Pargana
West Bengal North 24 Pargana
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: Joy 7699
Midh pargana jaloos going to malakwal
Midh pargana jaloos going to malakwal
Published: 2016/08/13
Channel: shahid imran
Santali social speech,Mr.Rabinath Mandi-Majhi Pargana Mahal,Khayerpahari,Bankura,WB.
Santali social speech,Mr.Rabinath Mandi-Majhi Pargana Mahal,Khayerpahari,Bankura,WB.
Published: 2017/02/21
Channel: BAHA TV
Photola Pargana Song Form TOOPRAN INDHUR NAVEEN
Photola Pargana Song Form TOOPRAN INDHUR NAVEEN
Published: 2018/02/15
Channel: INDHUR NAVEEN
Santhal Pargana || Sohrai || Dumka || 2018
Santhal Pargana || Sohrai || Dumka || 2018
Published: 2018/01/17
Channel: SR Hembrom
Santal Pargana Tenancy Act1949संथाल परगना काश्तकारी अधिनियम  Part II Hindi
Santal Pargana Tenancy Act1949संथाल परगना काश्तकारी अधिनियम Part II Hindi
Published: 2016/12/08
Channel: Sibdas Baskey
Martin Martinez Pargana et Lory Perez
Martin Martinez Pargana et Lory Perez
Published: 2017/09/08
Channel: Lory Perez
Santal Pargana Sona Dissom    |   Santali Traditional Dance  #2
Santal Pargana Sona Dissom | Santali Traditional Dance #2
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: JOHAR Santal Paraganas
Claudia Pargana / Sara Franco - Sarau 2016
Claudia Pargana / Sara Franco - Sarau 2016
Published: 2016/07/10
Channel: Fernando Pargana
Sohrai || Santhal Pargana || Dumka || 2018
Sohrai || Santhal Pargana || Dumka || 2018
Published: 2018/01/17
Channel: SR Hembrom
Destroyed Pakistan.. From:North 24 pargana,Habra,Banipur
Destroyed Pakistan.. From:North 24 pargana,Habra,Banipur
Published: 2016/09/21
Channel: John Nandi
Nios study center update north 24 pargana, kolkata, kochbihar district.
Nios study center update north 24 pargana, kolkata, kochbihar district.
Published: 2018/02/09
Channel: amar purulia
Hinjla Mela 2017 Dumka, (Santal Pargana)3  hongkong.
Hinjla Mela 2017 Dumka, (Santal Pargana)3 hongkong.
Published: 2017/02/18
Channel: Rajmohan Baskey
#AIMIM_BENGAL  Marwarikal, Naihati 24 pargana Bengal me halat bahut krarab hai. bomb goli chal raha
#AIMIM_BENGAL Marwarikal, Naihati 24 pargana Bengal me halat bahut krarab hai. bomb goli chal raha
Published: 2016/10/15
Channel: Aimim Kolkatta
Santhal Pargana College Football Match Football Tournament PG Ground
Santhal Pargana College Football Match Football Tournament PG Ground
Published: 2017/08/31
Channel: DKHembrom
VHP giving training to youths at South 24 Pargana
VHP giving training to youths at South 24 Pargana's Kultali
Published: 2018/01/17
Channel: ABP ANANDA
Classic band Habra Uttar 24 Pargana
Classic band Habra Uttar 24 Pargana
Published: 2017/12/15
Channel: Sarkar Sourav
TMC clash at South 24 Pargana Basanti, one police personnel and 4 common men are injured
TMC clash at South 24 Pargana Basanti, one police personnel and 4 common men are injured
Published: 2018/01/18
Channel: ABP ANANDA
Pargana danwar me daru pine ke wajah se hua 5 logo ki maut
Pargana danwar me daru pine ke wajah se hua 5 logo ki maut
Published: 2017/10/28
Channel: SHIVAM TIGER
NIOS D.El.Ed Study Centres In West Bengal (SOUTH 24 PARGANA)
NIOS D.El.Ed Study Centres In West Bengal (SOUTH 24 PARGANA)
Published: 2017/12/23
Channel: Education Topics
JPSC/JSSC Santhal Pargana Tenancy Act(संथाल परगना काश्तकारी अधिनियम) 1949- Part I (Hindi)
JPSC/JSSC Santhal Pargana Tenancy Act(संथाल परगना काश्तकारी अधिनियम) 1949- Part I (Hindi)
Published: 2016/11/16
Channel: Tivra Academy
Battleground Bhangore in South 24 pargana District at West Bengal.
Battleground Bhangore in South 24 pargana District at West Bengal.
Published: 2017/01/17
Channel: newswelle live
JPSC/JSSC Santhal Pargana Tenancy Act(संथाल परगना काश्तकारी अधिनियम) 1949- Part II (Hindi)
JPSC/JSSC Santhal Pargana Tenancy Act(संथाल परगना काश्तकारी अधिनियम) 1949- Part II (Hindi)
Published: 2016/11/17
Channel: Tivra Academy
DISOM PARGANA NITYANANDA HEMBRAM SALAG KUPULI ROPOR PART 1
DISOM PARGANA NITYANANDA HEMBRAM SALAG KUPULI ROPOR PART 1
Published: 2018/02/06
Channel: Aampakumar Hembrom
Buru Lukuy Jhunka Baha Santali Cultural Dance 2017 | Pargana Productions
Buru Lukuy Jhunka Baha Santali Cultural Dance 2017 | Pargana Productions
Published: 2017/11/08
Channel: Pargana Productions
Arun kisku santhal pargana sido kanhu
Arun kisku santhal pargana sido kanhu
Published: 2017/07/29
Channel: Arun Kisku
Lathi Charge North 24 Pargana Habra vote  HD 1080p
Lathi Charge North 24 Pargana Habra vote HD 1080p
Published: 2015/09/29
Channel: Tubai Das
Crocodile noticed in a south 24 Pargana Village.People of Patharpratima scared to view thi
Crocodile noticed in a south 24 Pargana Village.People of Patharpratima scared to view thi
Published: 2018/01/19
Channel: ABP ANANDA
Santhal Pargana dance video
Santhal Pargana dance video
Published: 2017/10/03
Channel: shekhar marandi
Kolkata output 24 Pargana khana ban gaila Tu Pyar Badha Bangla
Kolkata output 24 Pargana khana ban gaila Tu Pyar Badha Bangla
Published: 2017/01/03
Channel: Arman Mondol
Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana in North 24 Pargana, West Bengal
Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana in North 24 Pargana, West Bengal
Published: 2016/04/22
Channel: PIB India
MAJHI PARGANA MAHAL MIDUN GUJURGADIA WEST BENGAL RE JAN 2013 4
MAJHI PARGANA MAHAL MIDUN GUJURGADIA WEST BENGAL RE JAN 2013 4
Published: 2014/07/23
Channel: Aampakumar Hembrom
Santal pargana ho sona disom..(beautiful dance) by SJG(Santal Jumid Gaonta),Madhupur.
Santal pargana ho sona disom..(beautiful dance) by SJG(Santal Jumid Gaonta),Madhupur.
Published: 2017/08/15
Channel: Shabnam Kisku
Bangal ke 24 Pargana Jile Me Fela Tanav
Bangal ke 24 Pargana Jile Me Fela Tanav
Published: 2013/02/19
Channel: सुदर्शन न्यूज़
Nios Deled study centre update purulia, South 24 pargana.
Nios Deled study centre update purulia, South 24 pargana.
Published: 2018/02/14
Channel: AMAR RAIGANJ
South 24 Pargana roads blocked by teachers as a protest against bad connectivity
South 24 Pargana roads blocked by teachers as a protest against bad connectivity
Published: 2016/08/01
Channel: 24 ghanta
CM Mamata issues warning to South 24 Parganas DM over 100 days work
CM Mamata issues warning to South 24 Parganas DM over 100 days work
Published: 2017/06/02
Channel: ABP ANANDA
Santal Pargana JOHAR
Santal Pargana JOHAR
Published: 2017/12/15
Channel: GHANSHYAM HESSA
29-12-2010-WB-NORTH 24 PARGANA-5.mp4
29-12-2010-WB-NORTH 24 PARGANA-5.mp4
Published: 2010/12/30
Channel: Bharat Swabhiman
SP of North 24 Pargana on arrest of Shyamal Karmakar main accused of Bamangachi case
SP of North 24 Pargana on arrest of Shyamal Karmakar main accused of Bamangachi case
Published: 2014/07/09
Channel: ABP ANANDA
6 Santal Pargana - Jhumur Dance - Sal Tale Bela
6 Santal Pargana - Jhumur Dance - Sal Tale Bela
Published: 2013/05/23
Channel: Sourav Chanda
Top 10 Crime | Protest in south 24 Pargana after businessman killed in the area
Top 10 Crime | Protest in south 24 Pargana after businessman killed in the area
Published: 2016/09/13
Channel: Zee News
West Bengal New 24 pargana danga hinduo par hamla
West Bengal New 24 pargana danga hinduo par hamla
Published: 2017/07/05
Channel: Viral India
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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A pargana (Hindi: परगना, Urdu: پرگنہ‎, parganā), or parganah, also spelt pergunnah during the time of the Sultanate period, Mughal times and British Raj,[1] is a former administrative unit of the Indian subcontinent, used primarily, but not exclusively, by the Muslim kingdoms.

Parganas were introduced by the Delhi Sultanate, and the word is of Persian origin. As a revenue unit, a pargana consists of several mouzas, which are the smallest revenue units, consisting of one or more villages and the surrounding countryside. Subdivisions of parganas were called Mouzas (area, settlements).

Under the reign of Sher Shah Suri, administration of parganas was strengthened by the addition of other officers, including a shiqdar (police chief), an amin or munsif (an arbitrator who assessed and collected revenue) and a karkun (record keeper).

Mughal era[edit]

In the 16th century the Mughal emperor Akbar organised the empire into subahs (roughly equivalent of state or province), which were further subdivided into sarkars, (roughly the equivalent of district), which were themselves organised into parganas (roughly equivalent of district subdivision such as tehsil). In the Mughal system, parganas served as the local administrative units of a sarkar. Individual parganas observed common customs regarding land rights and responsibilities, which were known as the pargana dastur, and each pargana had its own customs regarding rent, fees, wages, and weights and measures, known as the pargana nirikh.[2]

British Raj[edit]

As the British expanded into former Mughal provinces, starting with Bengal, they at first retained the pargana administration, but, under the Governorship of Charles Cornwallis, enacted the Permanent Settlement of 1793, which abolished the pargana system in favour of the zamindari system, in which zamindars were made the absolute owners of rural lands, and abolished the pargana dastur and pargana nirikh. British administration consisted of districts, which were divided into tehsils or taluks. Parganas remained important as a geographical term, persisting in land surveys, village identification, court decrees, etc.

Post independence[edit]

The pargana system persisted in several princely states, including Tonk and Gwalior. Parganas disappeared almost completely after the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947, although the term lives on in place names, like the districts of North 24 Parganas and South 24 Parganas in India's West Bengal state.[citation needed]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "A Catalogue of Manuscript and Printed Reports, Field Books, Memoirs, Maps ..." Vol. iv, "Containing the treaties, etc., relating to the states within the Bombay presidency"
  2. ^ Sirajul Islam (2012), "Pargana", in Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal, Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.), Asiatic Society of Bangladesh 

References[edit]

  • Hunter, William Wilson, Sir, et al. (1908). Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 12. 1908-1931; Clarendon Press, Oxford.
  • Markovits, Claude (ed.) (2004). A History of Modern India: 1480-1950. Anthem Press, London.

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