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GOP Senate candidate Roy Moore resists pressure from party leaders
GOP Senate candidate Roy Moore resists pressure from party leaders
Published: 2017/11/15
Channel: CBS News
Senate Leaders:
Senate Leaders: 'We're Deeply Saddened'
Published: 2017/06/14
Channel: Associated Press
Majority Leaders of the United States Senate
Majority Leaders of the United States Senate
Published: 2011/07/08
Channel: Andrew928766
BREAKING: Senate Gives Obama Horrible News, He’s Furious
BREAKING: Senate Gives Obama Horrible News, He’s Furious
Published: 2017/11/16
Channel: BREAKING NEWS TODAY
GOP Senate Leadership discusses healthcare
GOP Senate Leadership discusses healthcare
Published: 2017/07/18
Channel: PBS NewsHour
WATCH: Senate GOP, Democratic leaders speak after party luncheons
WATCH: Senate GOP, Democratic leaders speak after party luncheons
Published: 2017/10/24
Channel: PBS NewsHour
WATCH: Senate GOP leaders speak after party luncheon
WATCH: Senate GOP leaders speak after party luncheon
Published: 2017/10/24
Channel: PBS NewsHour
Congressional Leadership: Crash Course Government and Politics #8
Congressional Leadership: Crash Course Government and Politics #8
Published: 2015/03/14
Channel: CrashCourse
Who Is The Presiding Officer Of The Senate?
Who Is The Presiding Officer Of The Senate?
Published: 2017/09/04
Channel: Last Question
SKorea
SKorea's president meets Senate leaders
Published: 2017/07/04
Channel: AP Archive
Breaking : Sad Announcement About Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell
Breaking : Sad Announcement About Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell
Published: 2017/11/16
Channel: BREAKING NEWS TODAY
Senate Democratic Leaders discuss healthcare
Senate Democratic Leaders discuss healthcare
Published: 2017/07/18
Channel: PBS NewsHour
What Is The Senate Majority Leader?
What Is The Senate Majority Leader?
Published: 2017/11/08
Channel: Hiokun Heloi
What Do You Call The Leader Of The Senate?
What Do You Call The Leader Of The Senate?
Published: 2017/09/04
Channel: Last Question
Alvarez: No need to talk to Senate leaders
Alvarez: No need to talk to Senate leaders
Published: 2017/02/09
Channel: PolitikoTV Channel
Who Is The Minority Whip Leader Of The Senate?
Who Is The Minority Whip Leader Of The Senate?
Published: 2017/08/30
Channel: Ask Question
Senate Leadership Presser After Passing HC Motion to Proceed!
Senate Leadership Presser After Passing HC Motion to Proceed!
Published: 2017/07/25
Channel: Rshill7
Sens. Schumer and McConnell Elected as Senate Leaders
Sens. Schumer and McConnell Elected as Senate Leaders
Published: 2016/11/17
Channel: United News International
What Is The Senate Majority Leader?
What Is The Senate Majority Leader?
Published: 2017/09/04
Channel: Last Question
Who Is The Minority Whip Leader Of The Senate?
Who Is The Minority Whip Leader Of The Senate?
Published: 2017/11/09
Channel: Medfrt Metyu
Who Is Majority Leader Of The Senate?
Who Is Majority Leader Of The Senate?
Published: 2017/08/30
Channel: Ask Question
Who Is The Majority Leader Of The Senate?
Who Is The Majority Leader Of The Senate?
Published: 2017/11/09
Channel: Medfrt Metyu
Senate Leaders Schumer And McConnell Elected
Senate Leaders Schumer And McConnell Elected
Published: 2016/11/16
Channel: Wochit News
Who Is The Minority Whip Leader Of The Senate?
Who Is The Minority Whip Leader Of The Senate?
Published: 2017/07/24
Channel: sparky rights
Sad Announcement About Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell
Sad Announcement About Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell
Published: 2017/11/15
Channel: Breaking News Global 24/7
Obama Calls Republican Senate Leaders to White House
Obama Calls Republican Senate Leaders to White House
Published: 2016/03/01
Channel: Wochit News
What Is The Senate Majority Leader?
What Is The Senate Majority Leader?
Published: 2017/07/24
Channel: trendy sparky
What Is The Major Party In The Senate?
What Is The Major Party In The Senate?
Published: 2017/09/04
Channel: Last Question
New Day W/ Chris Cuomo 11/16/17| GOP Leaders Weigh Drastic Plan to Save Alabama Senate Seat
New Day W/ Chris Cuomo 11/16/17| GOP Leaders Weigh Drastic Plan to Save Alabama Senate Seat
Published: 2017/11/16
Channel: Law Abiding Citizen
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell Just Got Some Bad News About His Job From Conservative Leader
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell Just Got Some Bad News About His Job From Conservative Leader
Published: 2017/10/16
Channel: Breaking News 24/7
Who Is The Minority Leader Of The Senate?
Who Is The Minority Leader Of The Senate?
Published: 2017/09/10
Channel: K Answers
What Do You Call The Leader Of The Senate?
What Do You Call The Leader Of The Senate?
Published: 2017/10/08
Channel: Pin Pin 1
Who Is The Majority Leader Of The Senate?
Who Is The Majority Leader Of The Senate?
Published: 2017/07/24
Channel: sparky rights
Who Is The Majority Whip Of The Senate?
Who Is The Majority Whip Of The Senate?
Published: 2017/07/24
Channel: sparky rights
Who Is The Majority Leader Of The House Of Representatives?
Who Is The Majority Leader Of The House Of Representatives?
Published: 2017/09/04
Channel: Last Question
Cruz
Cruz's Motion Blocked By McConnell and Senate Leadership
Published: 2015/09/29
Channel: Conservative Review
Who Is Head Of The Senate?
Who Is Head Of The Senate?
Published: 2017/09/04
Channel: Last Question
Who Is The Majority Whip In The Senate?
Who Is The Majority Whip In The Senate?
Published: 2017/07/24
Channel: sparky rights
House and Senate leaders reach an agreement on budget battle
House and Senate leaders reach an agreement on budget battle
Published: 2017/08/01
Channel: WPRI
Murkowski Elected to Senate Leadership
Murkowski Elected to Senate Leadership
Published: 2009/06/25
Channel: senatormurkowski
Senate leaders to vote on measure combining debt ceiling increase, hurricane relief
Senate leaders to vote on measure combining debt ceiling increase, hurricane relief
Published: 2017/09/06
Channel: LươngKhô Gaming
GOP Leaders Call For Roy Moore To Drop Out Of Senate Race | Los Angeles Times
GOP Leaders Call For Roy Moore To Drop Out Of Senate Race | Los Angeles Times
Published: 2017/11/16
Channel: Los Angeles Times
What Is The Role Of The Minority Leader In The Senate?
What Is The Role Of The Minority Leader In The Senate?
Published: 2017/11/08
Channel: Hiokun Heloi
Senate GOP brief press on tax reform, Roy Moore candidacy
Senate GOP brief press on tax reform, Roy Moore candidacy
Published: 2017/11/14
Channel: FedNet
House Majority Whip Scalise (R-LA) on senate GOP tax bill - Cavuto
House Majority Whip Scalise (R-LA) on senate GOP tax bill - Cavuto
Published: 2017/11/09
Channel: Mass Tea Party - Wake Up America!
Senate  Leaders Preview the 2016 Sesion
Senate Leaders Preview the 2016 Sesion
Published: 2016/03/10
Channel: Minnesota Senate Media Services
Ahmed Lawan Emerges As New Senate Leader
Ahmed Lawan Emerges As New Senate Leader
Published: 2017/01/10
Channel: Channels Television
Saraki Defies APC
Saraki Defies APC's Position On Senate Leadership Nominations 25/06/15
Published: 2015/06/26
Channel: Channels Television
Kentucky House, Senate leaders resume budget negotiations
Kentucky House, Senate leaders resume budget negotiations
Published: 2016/04/06
Channel: WKYT
MO Senate and House Majority Caucuses Discuss 2016 State of the State Address
MO Senate and House Majority Caucuses Discuss 2016 State of the State Address
Published: 2016/01/21
Channel: MOSENCOM
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Current leaders
McConnell
Majority Leader
Mitch McConnell (R)
Cornyn
Majority Whip
John Cornyn (R)
Schumer
Minority Leader
Chuck Schumer (D)
Durbin
Minority Whip
Dick Durbin (D)
Party Leaders of the U.S. Senate

The Senate Majority and Minority Leaders are two United States Senators and members of the party leadership of the United States Senate. These leaders serve as the chief Senate spokespeople for the political parties respectively holding the majority and the minority in the United States Senate, and manage and schedule the legislative and executive business of the Senate. They are elected to their positions in the Senate by their respective party caucuses, the Senate Democratic Caucus and the Senate Republican Conference.

By rule, the Presiding Officer gives the Majority Leader priority in obtaining recognition to speak on the floor of the Senate. The Majority Leader customarily serves as the chief representative of their party in the Senate, and sometimes even in all of Congress if the House of Representatives and thus the office of Speaker of the House is controlled by the opposition party.

The Assistant Majority and Minority Leaders of the United States Senate (commonly called Senate Majority and Minority Whips) are the second-ranking members of each party's leadership. The main function of the Majority and Minority Whips is to gather votes on major issues. Because they are the second ranking members of the Senate, if there is no floor leader present, the whip may become acting floor leader. Before 1969, the official titles were Majority Whip and Minority Whip.

Current floor leaders[edit]

The Senate is currently composed of 52 Republicans, 46 Democrats, and 2 independents, both of whom caucus with the Democrats.

The current leaders are long-time Senators Mitch McConnell (R) from Kentucky and Chuck Schumer (D) from New York. The current Assistant Leaders/Whips are long-time Senators John Cornyn (R) from Texas and Dick Durbin (D) from Illinois.

History[edit]

The Democrats began the practice of electing floor leaders in 1920 while they were in the minority. John W. Kern was a Democratic Senator from Indiana. While the title was not official, he is considered[by whom?] to be the first Senate party leader from 1913 through 1917 (and in turn, the first Senate Democratic Leader), while serving concurrently as Chairman of the Senate Democratic Caucus. In 1925 the majority (at the time) Republicans also adopted this language when Charles Curtis became the first (official) Majority Leader[citation needed], although his immediate predecessor Henry Cabot Lodge is considered the first (unofficial) Senate Majority Leader.

The Constitution designates the Vice President of the United States as President of the United States Senate. The Constitution also calls for a President pro tempore to serve as the leader of the body when the President of the Senate (the Vice President) is absent. In practice, neither the Vice President nor the President pro tempore—customarily the most senior (longest-serving) Senator in the majority party—actually presides over the Senate on a daily basis; that task is given to junior Senators of the majority party. Since the Vice President may be of a different party than the majority and is not a member subject to discipline, the rules of procedure of the Senate give the presiding officer very little power and none beyond the presiding role. For these reasons, it is the Majority Leader who, in practice, manages the Senate. This is in contrast to the House of Representatives where the elected Speaker of the House has a great deal of discretionary power and generally presides over votes on bills.[citation needed]

List of party leaders[edit]

The Democratic Party first selected a leader in 1920. The Republican Party first formally designated a leader in 1925.

Cong-
ress
Dates Democratic Whip Democratic Leader Majority Republican Leader Republican Whip
63rd May 28, 1913 –
March 4, 1915
J. Hamilton Lewis None Democratic
← Majority
None None
64th March 4, 1915 –
December 6, 1915
December 6, 1915 –
December 13, 1915
James Wadsworth
December 13, 1915 –
March 4, 1917
Charles Curtis
65th March 4, 1917 –
March 4, 1919
66th March 4, 1919 –
April 27, 1920
Peter Gerry Republican
Majority →
Henry Cabot Lodge
Unofficial
April 27, 1920 –
March 4, 1921
Oscar Underwood
67th March 4, 1921 –
March 4, 1923
68th March 4, 1923 –
December 3, 1923
December 3, 1923 –
November 9, 1924
Joseph Taylor Robinson
November 9, 1924 –
March 4, 1925
Charles Curtis
Acting
Wesley Jones
Acting
69th March 4, 1925 –
March 4, 1927
Charles Curtis Wesley Jones
70th March 4, 1927 –
March 4, 1929
71st March 4, 1929 –
March 4, 1931
Morris Sheppard James E. Watson Simeon Fess
72nd March 4, 1931 –
March 4, 1933
73rd March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1935
J. Hamilton Lewis Democratic
← Majority
Charles L. McNary Felix Hebert
74th January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1937
None[Note 1]
75th January 3, 1937 –
July 14, 1937
July 22, 1937 –
January 3, 1939
Alben W. Barkley
76th January 3, 1939 –
April 9, 1939
April 9, 1939 –
January 3, 1940
Sherman Minton
January 3, 1940 –
January 3, 1941
Warren Austin
Acting
77th January 3, 1941 –
January 3, 1943
J. Lister Hill Charles L. McNary
78th January 3, 1943 –
February 25, 1944
Kenneth Wherry
February 25, 1944 –
January 3, 1945
Wallace H. White Jr.
Acting
79th January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1947
Wallace H. White Jr.
80th January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1949
Scott W. Lucas Republican
Majority →
81st January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1951
Francis Myers Scott W. Lucas Democratic
← Majority
Kenneth S. Wherry Leverett Saltonstall
82nd January 3, 1951 –
January 3, 1952
Lyndon B. Johnson Ernest McFarland
January 3, 1952 –
January 3, 1953
Styles Bridges
83rd January 3, 1953 –
July 31, 1953
Earle Clements Lyndon B. Johnson Republican
Majority →
Robert A. Taft
August 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1955
William F. Knowland
84th January 3, 1955 –
January 3, 1957
Democratic
← Majority
85th January 3, 1957 –
January 3, 1959
Mike Mansfield Everett Dirksen
86th January 3, 1959 –
January 3, 1961
Everett Dirksen Thomas Kuchel
87th January 3, 1961 –
January 3, 1963
Hubert Humphrey Mike Mansfield
88th January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1965
89th January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1967
Russell B. Long
90th January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1969
91st January 3, 1969 –
September 7, 1969
Ted Kennedy Hugh Scott
September 24, 1969 –
January 3, 1971
Hugh Scott Robert Griffin
92nd January 3, 1971 –
January 3, 1973
Robert Byrd
93rd January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1975
94th January 3, 1975 –
January 3, 1977
95th January 3, 1977 –
January 3, 1979
Alan Cranston Robert Byrd Howard Baker Ted Stevens
96th January 3, 1979 –
November 1, 1979
November 1, 1979 –
March 5, 1980
Ted Stevens
Acting
March 5, 1980 –
January 3, 1981
Howard Baker
97th January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1983
Republican
Majority →
98th January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1985
99th January 3, 1985 –
January 3, 1987
Bob Dole Alan Simpson
100th January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 1989
Democratic
← Majority
101st January 3, 1989 –
January 3, 1991
George Mitchell
102nd January 3, 1991 –
January 3, 1993
Wendell H. Ford
103rd January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1995
104th January 3, 1995 –
June 12, 1996
Tom Daschle Republican
Majority →
Trent Lott
June 12, 1996 –
January 3, 1997
Trent Lott Don Nickles
105th January 3, 1997 –
January 3, 1999
106th January 3, 1999 –
January 3, 2001
Harry Reid
107th January 3, 2001 –
January 20, 2001
Democratic
← Majority
January 20, 2001 –
June 6, 2001
Republican
Majority →
June 6, 2001 –
January 3, 2003[Note 2]
Democratic
← Majority
108th January 3, 2003 –
January 3, 2005
Republican
Majority →
Bill Frist Mitch McConnell
109th January 3, 2005 –
January 3, 2007
Dick Durbin Harry Reid
110th January 3, 2007 –
December 18, 2007
Democratic
← Majority
Mitch McConnell Trent Lott
December 19, 2007 –
January 3, 2009
Jon Kyl
111th January 3, 2009 –
January 3, 2011
112th January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2013
113th January 3, 2013 –
January 3, 2015
John Cornyn
114th January 3, 2015 –
January 3, 2017
Republican
Majority →
115th January 3, 2017 –
January 3, 2019
Chuck Schumer
Cong-
ress
Dates Democratic Whip Democratic Leader Majority Republican Leader Republican Whip

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ No Republican whips were appointed from 1935 to 1944 since only 17 Republicans were in the Senate following the landslide reelection of President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1936. Accordingly, the minutes of the Republican Conference for the period state: "On motion of Senator Hastings, duly seconded and carried, it was agreed that no Assistant Leader or Whip be elected but that the chairman be authorized to appoint Senators from time to time to assist him in taking charge of the interests of the minority." A note attached to the conference minutes added: "The chairman of the conference, Senator McNary, apparently appointed Senator Austin of Vermont as assistant leader in 1943 and 1944, until the conference adopted Rules of Organization." Source: Party Whips, via Senate.gov
  2. ^ Democrats remained in control after November 25, 2002, despite a Republican majority resulting from Jim Talent's special election victory in Missouri. There was no reorganization as Senate was no longer in session. Party Division in the Senate, 1789–present, via Senate.gov

External links[edit]

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