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What is the PES?
What is the PES?
Published: 2015/06/13
Channel: Party of European Socialists
Jeremy Corbyn – Meeting with the Party of European Socialists
Jeremy Corbyn – Meeting with the Party of European Socialists
Published: 2016/07/09
Channel: Official Jeremy Corbyn Channel
PES Manifesto film (european elections 2009)
PES Manifesto film (european elections 2009)
Published: 2009/02/09
Channel: Party of European Socialists
"I
"I'm a European"
Published: 2014/03/11
Channel: Party of European Socialists
PES 10th Congress 2015, Budapest
PES 10th Congress 2015, Budapest
Published: 2015/06/15
Channel: Party of European Socialists
PES Council, Prague 2016, day 1
PES Council, Prague 2016, day 1
Published: 2016/12/08
Channel: Party of European Socialists
PES Prime Ministers meeting 29 October 2009
PES Prime Ministers meeting 29 October 2009
Published: 2009/10/30
Channel: Party of European Socialists
PES Council 2017; Day 2: Hope is the substance of political change
PES Council 2017; Day 2: Hope is the substance of political change
Published: 2017/12/04
Channel: Party of European Socialists
PES Council in Prague - The Movie
PES Council in Prague - The Movie
Published: 2016/12/14
Channel: Party of European Socialists
Message from Gordon Brown to the European Socialists
Message from Gordon Brown to the European Socialists
Published: 2009/04/28
Channel: Party of European Socialists
Martin Schulz
Martin Schulz's first speech as PES Common Candidate
Published: 2014/03/05
Channel: Party of European Socialists
Jeffrey Sachs addresses the Party of European Socialists
Jeffrey Sachs addresses the Party of European Socialists
Published: 2010/12/08
Channel: keywiki
PES: Knock The Vote
PES: Knock The Vote
Published: 2014/03/11
Channel: Party of European Socialists
Party of European Socialists hold Congress
Party of European Socialists hold Congress
Published: 2015/07/31
Channel: AP Archive
Party of European Socialists
Party of European Socialists
Published: 2015/11/17
Channel: Audiopedia
60 years of EU - PES in Rome
60 years of EU - PES in Rome
Published: 2017/04/24
Channel: Party of European Socialists
Party of European Socialists - Put Children First
Party of European Socialists - Put Children First
Published: 2007/05/10
Channel: t4change
Sergei Stanishev, PES President
Sergei Stanishev, PES President
Published: 2012/10/01
Channel: Party of European Socialists
European Socialist party leaders meet
European Socialist party leaders meet
Published: 2017/10/24
Channel: AP Archive
Poul Nyrup Rasmussen, President of the Party of European Socialists
Poul Nyrup Rasmussen, President of the Party of European Socialists
Published: 2009/02/18
Channel: Cyrine2009
Social Europe, migration and Brexit - Party of European Socialists Leaders meet ahead of EUCO
Social Europe, migration and Brexit - Party of European Socialists Leaders meet ahead of EUCO
Published: 2017/06/22
Channel: Frédérick Moulin
PES Council: interview with Sergei Stanishev
PES Council: interview with Sergei Stanishev
Published: 2007/12/04
Channel: Party of European Socialists
PES Leaders on the future of Europe
PES Leaders on the future of Europe
Published: 2017/03/23
Channel: Party of European Socialists
Belgium: Corbyn arrives for Party of European Socialists meeting in Brussels
Belgium: Corbyn arrives for Party of European Socialists meeting in Brussels
Published: 2015/12/17
Channel: Ruptly TV
#PESinLisbon, Day 0: Fighting for Women
#PESinLisbon, Day 0: Fighting for Women's rights: PES Women meeting in Lisbon
Published: 2017/11/30
Channel: Party of European Socialists
Arrivals for meeting of Party of European Socialists
Arrivals for meeting of Party of European Socialists
Published: 2015/07/31
Channel: AP Archive
PES PMs meet to prepare the European Council
PES PMs meet to prepare the European Council
Published: 2012/12/13
Channel: Party of European Socialists
PES EU Council preparation meeting, 29 april 2017
PES EU Council preparation meeting, 29 april 2017
Published: 2017/04/29
Channel: Party of European Socialists
PES council preparation meeting, 9 March 2017, Brussels
PES council preparation meeting, 9 March 2017, Brussels
Published: 2017/03/10
Channel: Party of European Socialists
PES Coincil 2017 - Lisbon, closing speech by Sergei Stanishev
PES Coincil 2017 - Lisbon, closing speech by Sergei Stanishev
Published: 2017/12/06
Channel: Party of European Socialists
Prof. Jeffry Sachs speaks at PES Growth Conference
Prof. Jeffry Sachs speaks at PES Growth Conference
Published: 2017/10/20
Channel: Party of European Socialists
Message from José Zapatero to the European Socialists
Message from José Zapatero to the European Socialists
Published: 2009/04/28
Channel: Party of European Socialists
France - European Socialists Party Leaders Meet
France - European Socialists Party Leaders Meet
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
PES European Council preparation meeting, Brussels 28 of June, 2016
PES European Council preparation meeting, Brussels 28 of June, 2016
Published: 2016/06/29
Channel: Party of European Socialists
EU Socialists set to meet in Paris
EU Socialists set to meet in Paris
Published: 2014/06/20
Channel: euronews (in English)
PES Council, Prague 2016, day 2
PES Council, Prague 2016, day 2
Published: 2016/12/08
Channel: Party of European Socialists
PES European Youth Plan Action Day II, 2017
PES European Youth Plan Action Day II, 2017
Published: 2017/05/24
Channel: Party of European Socialists
PES Council, Lisbon 2017, Speech by António Costa (In Potuguese)
PES Council, Lisbon 2017, Speech by António Costa (In Potuguese)
Published: 2017/12/07
Channel: Party of European Socialists
European Socialists meet ahead of EU summit
European Socialists meet ahead of EU summit
Published: 2016/11/16
Channel: AP Archive
PES MAYORS AND COMISSIONERS MEETING IN RIGA, 22.09.2017
PES MAYORS AND COMISSIONERS MEETING IN RIGA, 22.09.2017
Published: 2017/09/25
Channel: Party of European Socialists
EU Socialist leaders arrive for meeting
EU Socialist leaders arrive for meeting
Published: 2016/11/17
Channel: AP Archive
Sergei Stanishev at PES cohesion conference 2017
Sergei Stanishev at PES cohesion conference 2017
Published: 2017/07/12
Channel: Party of European Socialists
Corbyn expresses
Corbyn expresses 'solidarity' with European socialists
Published: 2016/07/08
Channel: AFP news agency
PES Summit, 17 March, 2016
PES Summit, 17 March, 2016
Published: 2016/03/18
Channel: Party of European Socialists
PES EU Preparation meeting on Refugee Crisis, 23 September 2015
PES EU Preparation meeting on Refugee Crisis, 23 September 2015
Published: 2015/09/24
Channel: Party of European Socialists
Socialist leaders meet ahead of EU summit
Socialist leaders meet ahead of EU summit
Published: 2015/07/31
Channel: AP Archive
PES EU Council preparation meeting 18 February 2016
PES EU Council preparation meeting 18 February 2016
Published: 2016/02/19
Channel: Party of European Socialists
PES Council, Lisbon, Day 2, Panel: Progressive values in a global dimension
PES Council, Lisbon, Day 2, Panel: Progressive values in a global dimension
Published: 2017/12/07
Channel: Party of European Socialists
#PESinLisbon Day1: United PES parties endorse common candidate
#PESinLisbon Day1: United PES parties endorse common candidate
Published: 2017/12/02
Channel: Party of European Socialists
PES President Stanishev regrets the Brexit vote
PES President Stanishev regrets the Brexit vote
Published: 2016/06/24
Channel: Party of European Socialists
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Party of European Socialists
President Sergei Stanishev (BG)
Secretary-General Achim Post (DE)
Founded 1973 (Confederation)
9–10 November 1992 (Party)
Headquarters Rue Guimard 10, 1040 Brussels, Belgium
Think tank Foundation for European Progressive Studies
Youth wing Young European Socialists
Women's wing PES Women
Ideology Social democracy[1][2]
Pro-Europeanism
Political position Centre-left[2]
International affiliation Progressive Alliance
European Parliament group Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats
Colours Red
European Parliament
191 / 751
European Council
9 / 28
European Commission
8 / 28
European Lower Houses
2,327 / 9,874
European Upper Houses
645 / 2,714
Website
www.pes.eu

The Party of European Socialists (PES) is a social-democratic European political party.[3]

The PES comprises national-level political parties from all member states of the European Union (EU) plus Norway. This includes major parties such as the Italian Democratic Party, the British Labour Party, the French Socialist Party, Social Democratic Party of Germany and the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party. Parties from a number of other European countries are also admitted to the PES as associate or observer parties.[4] Most member, associate and observer parties are members of the wider Progressive Alliance or Socialist International.[5] [6]

The PES is currently led by its president Sergei Stanishev, a former Prime Minister of Bulgaria. Its political group in the European Parliament is the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (S&D). The PES also operates in the Committee of the Regions (in the PES Group in the Committee of the Regions) and the European Council.

Name[edit]

The party's English name is "Party of European Socialists". In addition, the following names are used in other languages:

  • Albanian: Partia e Socialistëve Europianë
  • Bosnian: Partija europskih socijalista
  • Bulgarian: Партия на европейските социалисти
  • Croatian: Stranka europskih socijalista
  • Czech: Strana evropských socialistů
  • Danish: De Europæiske Socialdemokrater
  • Dutch: Partij van de Europese Sociaaldemocraten
  • Estonian: Euroopa Sotsialistlik Partei
  • Finnish: Euroopan sosialidemokraattinen puolue
  • French: Parti socialiste européen
  • German: Sozialdemokratische Partei Europas
  • Greek: Ευρωπαϊκό Σοσιαλιστικό Κόμμα
  • Hungarian: Európai Szocialisták Pártja
  • Icelandic: Flokkur evrópskra sósíalista
  • Irish: Páirtí na Sóisialaithe Eorpach
  • Italian: Partito del Socialismo Europeo
  • Maltese: Partit tas-Soċjalisti Ewropej
  • Latvian: Eiropas Sociāldemokrātiskā partija
  • Lithuanian: Europos socialistų partija
  • Macedonian: Партија на европските социјалисти
  • Norwegian: Det europeiske sosialdemokratiske partiet
  • Polish: Partia Europejskich Socjalistów
  • Portuguese: Partido Socialista Europeu
  • Romanian: Partidul Socialiștilor Europeni
  • Serbian: Партија европских социјалиста
  • Slovak: Strana európskych socialistov
  • Slovene: Stranka evropskih socialistov
  • Spanish: Partido Socialista Europeo
  • Swedish: Europeiska socialdemokraters parti

In March 2014 following the congress in Rome, the PES added the tagline "Socialists and Democrats" to its name following the admission of Italy's Democratic Party into the organisation.[7]

History[edit]

1960s[edit]

In 1961, the Socialists in the European Parliament attempted to produce a common 'European Socialist Programme' but this was neglected due to the applications of Britain, Denmark, Ireland and Norway to join the European Community. The Socialists' 1962 congress pushed for greater democratisation and powers for Parliament, though it was only in 1969 that this possibility was examined by the member states.[8]

1970s[edit]

In 1973, Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom joined the European Community, bringing in new parties from these countries. The enlarged Socialist Congress met in Bonn and inaugurated the Confederation of the Socialist Parties of the European Community. The Congress also passed a resolution on social policy, including the right to decent work, social security, democracy and equality in the European economy.[9] In 1978, the Confederation of Socialist Parties approved the first common European election Manifesto. It focused on several goals among which the most important were to ensure a right to decent work, fight pollution, end discrimination, protect the consumer and promote peace, human rights and civil liberties.

1980s[edit]

At its Luxembourg Congress in 1980, the Confederation of Socialist Parties approved its first Statute. The accession of Greece to the EU in 1981, followed by Spain and Portugal in 1986, brought in more parties.

In 1984, a common Socialist election manifesto proposed a socialist remedy for the economic crisis of the time by establishing a link between industrial production, protection of fundamental social benefits, and the fight for an improved quality of life.[9]

1990s[edit]

In 1992, with the European Community becoming the European Union and with the Treaty of Maastricht establishing the framework for political parties at a European level, the Confederation of Socialist Parties voted to transform itself into the Party of European Socialists. The party's first programme concentrated on job creation, democracy, gender equality, environmental and consumer protection, peace and security, regulation of immigration, discouragement of racism and fighting organised crime.[9]

Along with the Socialist Group in the European Parliament, the founding members of the PES were:[10]

2000s[edit]

In 2004 Poul Nyrup Rasmussen defeated Giuliano Amato to be elected President of the PES, succeeding Robin Cook in the post. He was re-elected for a further 2.5 years at the PES Congress in Porto on 8 December 2006 and again at the Prague Congress in 2009.

2010s[edit]

In 2010, the Foundation for European Progressive Studies was founded as the political foundation (think tank) of the PES.

Mr Rasmussen stood down at the PES Progressive Convention in Brussels on 24 November 2011. He was replaced as interim president by Sergei Stanishev, chairman of the Bulgarian Socialist Party (BSP) and former prime minister of Bulgaria.

On 28-29 September 2012, the PES Congress in Brussels[11] Congress elected interim president Sergei Stanishev as full President, as well as four deputies: Jean-Christophe Cambadélis (1st Vice-President – PS), Elena Valenciano (PSOE), Jan Royall (Labour) and Katarina Nevedalova (Smer-SD). The same Congress elected Achim Post (SPD) as its new secretary general, and adopted a process which it described as "democratic and transparent" for electing its next candidate for Commission President in 2014.[12] The PES had already agreed in 2011 to use a PES presidential primary for the election.

Organisation[edit]

Member parties[edit]

The PES has thirty-four full member parties from all the twenty-eight EU member states and Norway. There are a further thirteen associate and twelve observer parties from other European countries.[13]

State Name abbr. European MPs National MPs
 Austria Social Democratic Party of Austria SPÖ
5 / 18
52 / 183
20 / 62
 Belgium Socialist Party PS
3 / 8
[. 1]
23 / 63
9 / 24
[. 1]
Socialist Party – Differently sp.a
1 / 13
[. 2]
13 / 87
5 / 35
[. 2]
 Bulgaria Bulgarian Socialist Party BSP
4 / 17
80 / 240
 Croatia Social Democratic Party of Croatia SDP
2 / 11
36 / 151
 Cyprus Movement for Social Democracy EDEK
2 / 6
3 / 56
 Czech Republic Czech Social Democratic Party ČSSD
4 / 21
15 / 200
 Denmark Social Democrats A
3 / 13
47 / 179
 Estonia Social Democratic Party SDE
1 / 6
15 / 101
 Finland Social Democratic Party of Finland SDP
2 / 13
35 / 200
 France Socialist Party PS
12 / 74
109 / 348
30 / 577
 Germany Social Democratic Party of Germany SPD
27 / 96
153 / 709
 Greece Panhellenic Socialist Movement PASOK
2 / 21
18 / 300
 Hungary Hungarian Socialist Party MSZP
4 / 21
28 / 199
Hungarian Social Democratic Party MSZDP
0 / 21
0 / 199
 Ireland Labour Party Labour
0 / 11
5 / 60
7 / 158
 Italy Democratic Party PD
25 / 73
99 / 315
283 / 630
Italian Socialist Party PSI
0 / 73
3 / 315
3 / 630
 Latvia Social Democratic Party "Harmony" SDPS
1 / 8
24 / 100
 Lithuania Social Democratic Party of Lithuania LSDP
2 / 11
17 / 141
 Luxembourg Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party LSAP
1 / 6
13 / 60
 Malta Labour Party PL
3 / 6
37 / 69
 Netherlands Labour Party PvdA
3 / 26
8 / 75
9 / 150
 Norway Labour Party AP Not in EU
55 / 169
 Poland Democratic Left Alliance SLD
4 / 51
0 / 100
0 / 460
Labour United UP
1 / 51
0 / 100
0 / 460
 Portugal Socialist Party PS
8 / 21
86 / 230
 Romania Social Democratic Party PSD
16 / 32
67 / 168
154 / 398
 Slovakia Direction – Social Democracy Smer-SD
4 / 13
49 / 150
 Slovenia Social Democrats SD
1 / 8
6 / 90
 Spain Spanish Socialist Workers' Party PSOE
14 / 54
62 / 266
84 / 350
 Sweden Swedish Social Democratic Party SAP
5 / 20
113 / 349
 United Kingdom Labour Party Labour
20 / 73
202 / 804
262 / 650
Social Democratic and Labour Party SDLP
0 / 73
0 / 786
0 / 650
0 / 18
Associated parties
State Name abbr. European MPs National MPs
 Albania Socialist Party of Albania PSS
74 / 140
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina SDP
0 / 15
3 / 42
 Bulgaria Party of Bulgarian Social Democrats PBS
0 / 8
1 / 240
 Iceland Social Democratic Alliance Samf.
9 / 63
 Macedonia Social Democratic Union of Macedonia SDSM
49 / 120
 Moldova Democratic Party of Moldova PDM
19 / 101
 Montenegro Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro DPS
31 / 81
Social Democratic Party of Montenegro SDP
6 / 81
 Kosovo Vetëvendosje VV
31 / 120
 Serbia Democratic Party DS
12 / 250
  Switzerland Social Democratic Party of Switzerland SP/PS
46 / 200
 Turkey Republican People's Party CHP
131 / 550
Peoples' Democratic Party HDP
59 / 550
Observer parties
State Name abbr. European MPs National MPs
 Andorra Social Democratic Party PS
3 / 28
 Armenia Armenian Revolutionary Federation ARF
7 / 131
 Egypt Egyptian Social Democratic Party ESDP
4 / 596
 Georgia Georgian Dream
115 / 150
 Israel Israeli Labor Party עבודה
19 / 120
Meretz מרצ
5 / 120
 Lebanon Armenian Revolutionary Federation ARF
2 / 128
 Latvia Latvian Social Democratic Workers' Party LSDSP
0 / 9
0 / 100
 Morocco Socialist Union of Popular Forces USFP
24 / 270
20 / 395
 Nagorno Karabakh Armenian Revolutionary Federation ARF
7 / 33
 Northern Cyprus Republican Turkish Party CTP
20 / 50
 Palestine Fatah فتح
45 / 132
 San Marino Party of Socialists and Democrats PSD
3 / 60
 Tunisia Democratic Forum for Labour and Liberties FDTL
0 / 217
  1. ^ a b French-speaking seats
  2. ^ a b Flemish seats

Constituent organisations[edit]

The youth organisation of the PES is the Young European Socialists. PES Women is the party's women's organisation, led by Zita Gurmai. The LGBTI campaign organisation is Rainbow Rose.[14]

International memberships[edit]

PES is an associated organisation of Socialist International and the Progressive Alliance.

President and Presidency[edit]

The President (currently former Prime Minister of Bulgaria Sergei Stanishev) represents the party on a daily basis and chairs the Presidency, which also consists of the Secretary General, President of the S&D group in Parliament and one representative per full/associate member party and organisation. They may also be joined by the President of the European Parliament (if a PES member), a PES European Commissioner and a representative from associate parties and organisations.[14]

The list below shows PES Presidents and the presidents of its predecessors.[15]

President State National party Term
1. Wilhelm Dröscher  Germany Social Democratic Party of Germany April 1974 January 1979
2. Robert Pontillon  France Socialist Party January 1979 March 1980
3. Joop den Uyl  Netherlands Labour Party March 1980 May 1987
4. Vítor Constâncio  Portugal Socialist Party May 1987 January 1989
5. Guy Spitaels  Belgium Socialist Party February 1989 May 1992
6. Willy Claes  Belgium Socialist Party November 1992 October 1994
7. Rudolf Scharping  Germany Social Democratic Party of Germany March 1995 May 2001
8. Robin Cook  United Kingdom Labour Party May 2001 24 April 2004
9. Poul Nyrup Rasmussen  Denmark Social Democrats 24 April 2004 24 November 2011
10. Sergei Stanishev  Bulgaria Bulgarian Socialist Party 24 November 2011

Governance[edit]

The parties meet at the party Congress twice every five years to decide on political orientation, such as adopting manifestos ahead of elections. Every year that the Congress does not meet, the Council (a smaller version of the Congress) shapes PES policy. The Congress also elects the party's President, Vice Presidents and the Presidency.[14]

The Leader's Conference brings together Prime Ministers and Party Leaders from PES parties three to four times a year to agree strategies and resolutions.[14]

European election primaries[edit]

In December 2009, the PES decided to put forward a candidate for Commission President at all subsequent elections.[16] On 1 March 2014, the PES organised for the first time a European election Congress where a Common Manifesto [17] was adopted and the Common Candidate designate for the post of Commission President, Martin Schulz, was elected by over a thousand participants in Rome, Italy. PES member parties across Europe joined forces to campaign for the European elections, and a mass grassroots movement sprang up in support of Martin Schulz, aiming to ‘knock the vote’ in support of his candidacy.

PES in the European institutions[edit]

Overview of the European institutions[edit]

Organisation Institution Number of seats
 European Union European Parliament
191 / 751
 European Union Committee of the Regions
131 / 350
 European Union European Commission
8 / 28
 European Union European Council
(Heads of Government)
7 / 28
 European Union Council of the European Union
(Participation in Government)
15 / 28
 Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly
69 / 318

European Parliament[edit]

European Commission[edit]

European Commissioners are meant to remain independent, however there has been an increasing degree of politicisation within the Commission.[18] In the current European Commission, eight of the Commissioners belong to the PES family.

Portfolio Commissioner State Political party Photo
1st Vice-President of the European Commission

1st Vice-President;
Better Regulation, Inter-Institutional Relations,
the Rule of Law and the Charter of Fundamental Rights

Timmermans, FransFrans Timmermans
Netherlands
Netherlands
PvdA Frans Timmermans 2013.jpg
High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Mogherini, FedericaFederica Mogherini
Italy
Italy
PD Federica Mogherini Official.jpg
Vice-President;
Energy Union
Šefčovič, MarošMaroš Šefčovič
Slovakia
Slovakia
SMER-SD Maroš Šefčovič.jpg
Regional Policy Crețu, CorinaCorina Crețu
Romania
Romania
PSD Corina Cretu.jpg
Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs Moscovici, PierrePierre Moscovici
France
France
PS Pierre Moscovici en mai 2010.png
Environment, Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Vella, KarmenuKarmenu Vella
Malta
Malta
LP KarmenuVellaPolitician.jpg
International Cooperation and Development Mimica, NevenNeven Mimica
Croatia
Croatia
SDP N mimica.jpg
Health and Food Safety Andriukaitis, VytenisVytenis Andriukaitis
Lithuania
Lithuania
SDP Vytenis Povilas Andriukaitis.jpg

European Council[edit]

Of the 28 heads of state and government that are members of the European Council, seven are from the PES, and therefore regularly attend PES summits to prepare for European Council meetings.

Member State Representative Title Political party Member of the Council since Photo
 Austria Kern, ChristianChristian Kern Federal Chancellor Social Democratic Party of Austria 17 May 2016 Christian Kern 2016 (portrait).jpg
 Czech Republic Sobotka, BohuslavBohuslav Sobotka Chairman of the Government Czech Social Democratic Party 29 January 2014 B Sobotka 2015 Praha.JPG
 Italy Gentiloni, PaoloPaolo Gentiloni President of the Council of Ministers Democratic Party 12 December 2016 Paolo Gentiloni 2017.jpg
 Malta Muscat, JosephJoseph Muscat Prime Minister Labour Party 11 March 2013 Joseph Muscat, cropped.jpg
 Portugal Costa, AntónioAntónio Costa Prime Minister Socialist Party 26 November 2015 António Costa 2014 (cropped).jpg
 Slovakia Fico, RobertRobert Fico Chairman of the Government Direction – Social Democracy 4 April 2012 Fico Juncker (cropped).jpg
 Sweden Löfven, StefanStefan Löfven Prime Minister Social Democratic Party 3 October 2014 Stefan Löfven 2014-09-13.jpg

Although the prime minister of Romania, Mihai Tudose, is also a member of the PES (and his Social Democratic Party is a PES member party), Romania instead sends its president to the European Council.

European Council and Council of Ministers[edit]

The states of the European Union by the European party affiliations of their leaders, as of 13 December 2017
Does not account for coalitions. Key to colours is as follows;

Party-alignment at the European Council is often loose, but has been the basis of some intergovernmental cooperation. At present seven countries are led by a PES-affiliated leader, who represents that state at the European Council: Austria (Christian Kern), the Czech Republic (Bohuslav Sobotka), Italy (Matteo Renzi), Portugal (Antonio Costa), Malta (Joseph Muscat), Slovakia (Robert Fico), and Sweden (Stefan Löfven).

The makeup of national delegations to the Council of Ministers is at some times subject to coalitions: for the above governments led by a PES party, that party may not be present in all Council configurations; in other governments led by non-PES parties a PES minister may be its representative for certain portfolios. PES is in coalition in a further seven countries: Finland, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Luxembourg, The Netherlands and Slovenia.

Overview[edit]

State Governing parties Affiliated EU party Population
Votes
 Germany Christian Democratic Union
Social Democratic Party
Christian Social Union
EPP
PES
EPP
80,585,700 29
 Italy Democratic Party
Popular Alternative
PES
EPP
60,782,688 29
 Romania Social Democratic Party
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats
PES
ALDE
21,355,800 14
 Netherlands People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
Labour Party
ALDE
PES
16,730,300 13
 Czech Republic Czech Social Democratic Party
ANO 2011
Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party
PES
ALDE
EPP
10,513,209 12
 Sweden Swedish Social Democratic Party
Green Party
PES
EGP
9,658,301 10
 Austria Social Democratic Party of Austria
Austrian People's Party
PES
EPP
8,443,000 10
 Slovakia Direction – Social Democracy PES 5,404,300 7
 Croatia Social Democratic Party of Croatia
Croatian People's Party – Liberal Democrats
Istrian Democratic Assembly
PES
ALDE
ALDE
4,398,200 7
 Lithuania Lithuanian Farmers and Greens Union
Social Democratic Party of Lithuania
None
PES
3,007,800 7
 Slovenia Positive Slovenia
Social Democrats
Civic List
Democratic Party of Pensioners of Slovenia
None
PES
ALDE
None
2,055,500 4
 Luxembourg Democratic Party
Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party
The Greens
ALDE
PES
EGP
524,900 4
 Malta Labour Party PES 416,100 3

Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe[edit]

Committee of the Regions[edit]

PES has 122 members in the Committee of the Regions as of 2014.[19]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram. "Parties and Elections in Europe". www.parties-and-elections.eu. 
  2. ^ a b Richard Dunphy (2004). Contesting Capitalism?: Left Parties and European Integration. Manchester University Press. p. 103. ISBN 978-0-7190-6804-1. 
  3. ^ Robert Thomson (2011). Resolving Controversy in the European Union: Legislative Decision-Making Before and After Enlargement. Cambridge University Press. p. 14. ISBN 978-1-139-50517-8. Retrieved 9 August 2013. 
  4. ^ "Member parties of the PES". 2017-02-01. Retrieved 2017-08-08. 
  5. ^ "Member parties of the Progressive Alliance". 2017-02-01. Retrieved 2017-08-08. 
  6. ^ "Member parties of Socialist International". 2017-02-01. Retrieved 2017-08-08. 
  7. ^ "Il PSE "omaggia "il PD cambiando ufficialmente nome: PSE - Socialists&Democrats" (in Italian). 2014-03-02. Retrieved 2016-09-20. 
  8. ^ "Northern European Social Democracy and European Integration, 1960-1972. Moving towards a New Consensus?". Academia.edu. Retrieved 23 May 2013. 
  9. ^ a b c "History". Socialist Group website. Archived from the original on 1 November 2007. Retrieved 11 November 2007. 
  10. ^ Skrzypek, Ania (2013). "Europe, Our Common Future" Celebrating 20 years of the Party of European Socialists (PDF). Belgium: FEPS – Foundation for European Progressive Studies. ISBN 978-3-85464-037-0. 
  11. ^ "Together for the Europe we need!". Zita Gurmai, President of PES Women. 26 July 2012. Archived from the original on 19 August 2012. Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
  12. ^ "Ethics in politics : For strong moral conduct through a strong moral code" (PDF). PES Presidency declaration. 14 April 2011. Retrieved 8 August 2012. 
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