Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
Prehistoric Beasts - Purussaurus - Gigantic Caiman - Documentary
Prehistoric Beasts - Purussaurus - Gigantic Caiman - Documentary
Published: 2016/06/05
Channel: MadWizard38
Zoo Tycoon 2: Purussaurus Exhibit Speed Build
Zoo Tycoon 2: Purussaurus Exhibit Speed Build
Published: 2016/03/05
Channel: NickNackGaming
Ark Survival - SARCO vs PURUSSAURUS [Ep.46]
Ark Survival - SARCO vs PURUSSAURUS [Ep.46]
Published: 2017/07/02
Channel: ChubbyDino
Planet Dinosaur episode 1 Lost World part 5 HD
Planet Dinosaur episode 1 Lost World part 5 HD
Published: 2014/07/12
Channel: Alex SciChannel
Ark Survival - PURUSSAURUS vs TREX/ALPHA TREX and GIGA [Ep.164]
Ark Survival - PURUSSAURUS vs TREX/ALPHA TREX and GIGA [Ep.164]
Published: 2018/02/06
Channel: ChubbyDino
Sarcosuchus vs Deinosuchus vs Purussaurus, con nào sẽ thắng #11 || Bạn Có Biết?
Sarcosuchus vs Deinosuchus vs Purussaurus, con nào sẽ thắng #11 || Bạn Có Biết?
Published: 2017/07/12
Channel: Bạn có biết?
Historia del purussaurus
Historia del purussaurus
Published: 2015/11/18
Channel: DILAIK_YT
Tribute to Purussaurus
Tribute to Purussaurus
Published: 2008/12/29
Channel: Rapator2
The Biggest Crocodile Of The Planet
The Biggest Crocodile Of The Planet
Published: 2014/06/21
Channel: Jose Pecina - Astronomía
ARK: Ragnarok #11 - Purussaurus zähmen & der Ceratosaurus Vergrößerungs-Bug 😂! | LP Ark Deutsch
ARK: Ragnarok #11 - Purussaurus zähmen & der Ceratosaurus Vergrößerungs-Bug 😂! | LP Ark Deutsch
Published: 2017/07/19
Channel: Tilorious
Top 10 Most TERRIFYING Prehistoric Monsters
Top 10 Most TERRIFYING Prehistoric Monsters
Published: 2014/06/27
Channel: Top5Quantum
Machimosaurus Rex - Largest Saltwater Crocodile - Documentary
Machimosaurus Rex - Largest Saltwater Crocodile - Documentary
Published: 2016/05/23
Channel: MadWizard38
Sarcosuchus Vs Purussaurus
Sarcosuchus Vs Purussaurus
Published: 2016/07/10
Channel: Godzillasaurus productions
Deinosuchus vs Sarcosuchus
Deinosuchus vs Sarcosuchus
Published: 2010/03/18
Channel: animalwarz
purussaurus vs great white shark
purussaurus vs great white shark
Published: 2015/07/06
Channel: Sauroniops production
Animals Documentary: SUPERCROC, THE DINO HUNTER Special National Geographic.
Animals Documentary: SUPERCROC, THE DINO HUNTER Special National Geographic.
Published: 2015/07/24
Channel: Laur Kell
GRFC - purussaurus brasilensis vs cretoxyrhina mantelli
GRFC - purussaurus brasilensis vs cretoxyrhina mantelli
Published: 2015/04/11
Channel: Giganotosaurus rex pictures
Sarcosuchus vs Deinosuchus
Sarcosuchus vs Deinosuchus
Published: 2014/05/10
Channel: Ricky Vengeancer
Prehistoric caiman
Prehistoric caiman's bite 'twice as strong' as T-Rex's
Published: 2015/02/26
Channel: KaFaDoKyA NEWS
10 Terrifying Animals You’re Glad Are Extinct
10 Terrifying Animals You’re Glad Are Extinct
Published: 2016/10/18
Channel: Elite Facts
Ark Survival Evolved - PREHISTORIC CROC CAN PICK UP A TREX - (Ark Modded Gameplay)
Ark Survival Evolved - PREHISTORIC CROC CAN PICK UP A TREX - (Ark Modded Gameplay)
Published: 2017/04/18
Channel: everynightxRIOT
National Geographic!! animal supercroc, the dino hunter Special (Documentary)
National Geographic!! animal supercroc, the dino hunter Special (Documentary)
Published: 2016/09/03
Channel: Corey Richardson
ARK Additional Creatures Mod - Purussaurus
ARK Additional Creatures Mod - Purussaurus
Published: 2017/04/18
Channel: Scanova the Carnotaurus
Purussaurus test / Тест пурусзавра.
Purussaurus test / Тест пурусзавра.
Published: 2017/10/07
Channel: Stepa1001 Animator Production
purussaurus
purussaurus
Published: 2016/08/03
Channel: puma de los andes
Animal Documentary -  SUPERCROC, THE DINO HUNTER! Special National Geograp
Animal Documentary - SUPERCROC, THE DINO HUNTER! Special National Geograp
Published: 2015/09/24
Channel: National Geographic TV 2015
@playlizt.pe - Actitud Modulada - Purussaurus
@playlizt.pe - Actitud Modulada - Purussaurus
Published: 2017/05/29
Channel: playlizt.pe
5 Prehistoric Crocodiles Ripped Directly from Your Nightmares.
5 Prehistoric Crocodiles Ripped Directly from Your Nightmares.
Published: 2017/12/14
Channel: TheTopMan 2.0
Top 10 Terrifying Prehistoric Creatures That Actually Existed
Top 10 Terrifying Prehistoric Creatures That Actually Existed
Published: 2017/09/18
Channel: Facts Tube
purussaurus brasilensis vs carcharodon megalodon
purussaurus brasilensis vs carcharodon megalodon
Published: 2015/04/20
Channel: gojifan2001
Dinosaurs to Organize Book Purussaurus sounds Effects
Dinosaurs to Organize Book Purussaurus sounds Effects
Published: 2017/02/05
Channel: Mae Parkinson
Additional Creatures mod showcase!!!!!!
Additional Creatures mod showcase!!!!!!
Published: 2017/04/26
Channel: BUTTERMAN2001
PCP Show and Test : Sarcosuchus & Purussaurus
PCP Show and Test : Sarcosuchus & Purussaurus
Published: 2012/03/20
Channel: carlos del toro
Purussaurus
Purussaurus
Published: 2015/11/09
Channel: Wilbert Lim
Sarcosuchus vs Deinosuchus vs Purussaurus my thoughts
Sarcosuchus vs Deinosuchus vs Purussaurus my thoughts
Published: 2017/06/15
Channel: ThomastheMegalosaurus King
Ark Survival - DEINOSUCHUS vs SARCO [Ep.78]
Ark Survival - DEINOSUCHUS vs SARCO [Ep.78]
Published: 2017/09/26
Channel: ChubbyDino
PURUSSAURUS NEGRO 4X4 JEEP
PURUSSAURUS NEGRO 4X4 JEEP
Published: 2010/05/25
Channel: Ba Pontes
Top 10 most Deadliest Prehistoric Animals
Top 10 most Deadliest Prehistoric Animals
Published: 2013/07/10
Channel: EpicWarriors2
Sát thủ "cả gan" ăn thịt cả khủng long bạo chúa T-rex
Sát thủ "cả gan" ăn thịt cả khủng long bạo chúa T-rex
Published: 2017/02/18
Channel: News TV
5 Mega Krokodile Aus Der Urzeit – Die Größten Krokodile Aller Zeiten
5 Mega Krokodile Aus Der Urzeit – Die Größten Krokodile Aller Zeiten
Published: 2016/09/15
Channel: NIZE
Los 10 cocodrilos prehistoricos más terroríficos
Los 10 cocodrilos prehistoricos más terroríficos
Published: 2016/08/04
Channel: Criadero Kimbi
ARK: Ragnarok #67 - Puru, die riesen Bestie & den Deinosuchus zähmen! | LP Ark Deutsch
ARK: Ragnarok #67 - Puru, die riesen Bestie & den Deinosuchus zähmen! | LP Ark Deutsch
Published: 2017/11/19
Channel: Tilorious
10 niesamowitych prehistorycznych bestii [TOPOWA DYCHA]
10 niesamowitych prehistorycznych bestii [TOPOWA DYCHA]
Published: 2016/07/22
Channel: Topowa Dycha
ADB Sarcosuchus vs Deinosuchus
ADB Sarcosuchus vs Deinosuchus
Published: 2017/07/24
Channel: Indominus Wolf
Cocodrilo gigante Purussaurus
Cocodrilo gigante Purussaurus
Published: 2017/10/24
Channel: sara yesabel cheriff morales
Archaeologist: Prehistoric Life Puzzle | Eftsei Gaming
Archaeologist: Prehistoric Life Puzzle | Eftsei Gaming
Published: 2017/04/14
Channel: Eftsei Gaming
Aldo y el Purussaurus I
Aldo y el Purussaurus I
Published: 2012/11/25
Channel: Caroteno Cord
Sarcosuchus and Kaprosuchus tribute - Indestructible
Sarcosuchus and Kaprosuchus tribute - Indestructible
Published: 2017/05/01
Channel: DarkSpino306
Dino Bios [37] - Stomatosuchus
Dino Bios [37] - Stomatosuchus
Published: 2017/03/12
Channel: Dino Master
South America Dinos stick pack(read descr.)
South America Dinos stick pack(read descr.)
Published: 2014/08/13
Channel: Giganotosaurus rex pictures
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Parussaurus)
Jump to: navigation, search
Purussaurus
Temporal range: Early-Late Miocene (Colhuehuapian-Montehermosan)
20.4–5.3 Ma
Purussaurus skull.PNG
Skull restoration of P. brasiliensis
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Crocodilia
Family: Alligatoridae
Subfamily: Caimaninae
Genus: Purussaurus
Rodrigues, 1892
Species
  • Purussaurus brasiliensis (type species) Barbosa-Rodrigues, 1892
  • Purussaurus neivensis Mook, 1941
  • Purussaurus mirandai Aguilera et al., 2006
Synonyms
  • Dinosuchus neivensis Langston, 1965

Purussaurus is an extinct genus of giant caiman that lived in South America during the Miocene epoch, from the Colhuehuapian to the Montehermosan in the SALMA classification. It is known from skull material found in the Brazilian and Peruvian Amazon, Colombian Villavieja Formation, Panamanian Culebra Formation and the Urumaco and Socorro Formations of northern Venezuela.

Description[edit]

Scale diagram showing the size of P. brasiliensis (red)

The skull length of the largest individual of the type species, P. brasiliensis is 1,453 millimetres (57.2 in).[1] It has been estimated that P. brasiliensis reached about 10.3 metres (34 ft) in length, weighing about 5.16 metric tons (5.69 short tons).[1] Another estimate gave a larger size of 12.5 metres (41 ft) in length and 8.4 metric tons (9.3 short tons) in weight, with a mean daily food intake of 40.6 kilograms (90 lb).[2] Bite force has been estimated to be around 69,000 N (around 7 metric tons-force).[2] The large size and estimated strength of this animal appears to have allowed it to include a wide range of prey in its diet, making it an apex predator in its ecosystem. As an adult, it would have preyed upon large to very large vertebrates with no real competition from sympatric, smaller, carnivores. Researchers have proposed that the large size of Purussaurus, though offering many advantages, may also have led to its vulnerability. The constantly changing environment on a large geological scale may have reduced its long-term survival, favoring smaller species more resilient to ecological shifts.[2]

Purussaurus is one of the largest known crocodyliformes ever to have existed. Three other extinct crocodyliformes, Sarcosuchus, Deinosuchus, and Rhamphosuchus had similar body sizes. Sarcosuchus and Deinosuchus had similar proportions, but both were geologically much older, dating from the Early and Late Cretaceous, respectively. Rhamphosuchus lived around the same time as Purussaurus, but was slightly smaller, had a more gharial-like snout and lived in India. During the summer of 2005, a Franco-Peruvian expedition (the Fitzcarrald expedition) found new fossils of Purussaurus in the Peruvian Amazon (600 km from Lima).[citation needed]

Analysis of a biomechanical model of the skull of Purussaurus indicated that it was capable of performing the "death roll" maneuver used by extant crocodilians to subdue and dismember their prey.[3]

Paleoecology[edit]

Restoration of Purussaurus brasiliensis

Brazilian P. brasiliensis is associated with sharks, rays, freshwater teleosts, lungfish, turtles including Stupendemys, crocodilians including Charactosuchus, Gryposuchus, and Mourasuchus, Anhinga birds, and mammals including sloths, bats, rodents, the primate Stirtonia, and river dolphins. River, floodplain, and lake environments were present.[4] Marine and freshwater fish, turtles, crocodilians, and terrestrial and aquatic mammals are associated with Venezuelan P. mirandai. Its environment is described as tropical and coastal. The earlier Colombian P. neivensis lived alongside a massive variety of fauna, including astrapotheres like Granastrapotherium and Xenastrapotherium, the early species of Mourasuchus and Gryposuchus, and the terrestrial crocodyliform Langstonia. This fauna dates from 13 million years ago, in the Laventan stage of the Late Miocene.[5]

Distribution[edit]

Fossils of Purussaurus have been found in:[6]

Miocene

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Jorge Moreno-Bernal (2007). "Size and Palaeoecology of Giant Miocene South American Crocodiles (Archosauria: Crocodylia)". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 27 (3 [suppl.]): A120. doi:10.1080/02724634.2007.10010458. 
  2. ^ a b c Aureliano, Tito; Ghilardi, Aline M.; Guilherme, Edson; Souza-Filho, Jonas P.; Cavalcanti, Mauro; Riff, Douglas (2015). "Morphometry, Bite-Force, and Paleobiology of the Late Miocene Caiman Purussaurus brasiliensis". PLOS ONE. 10 (2): e0117944. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0117944. ISSN 1932-6203. 
  3. ^ Blanco, R. E.; Jones, W. W.; Villamil, J. N. (2014-04-16). "The 'death roll' of giant fossil crocodyliforms (Crocodylomorpha: Neosuchia): Allometric and skull strength analysis". Historical Biology. 27: 1. doi:10.1080/08912963.2014.893300. 
  4. ^ Bocqentin, J.; Melo, J. (2006). "Stupendemys souzai sp. nov. (Pleurodira, Podocnemididae) from the Miocene–Pliocene of the Solimões Formation, Brazil" (PDF). Revista Brasileira de Paleontologia. 9 (2): 187–192. doi:10.4072/rbp.2006.2.02. 
  5. ^ Aguilera, Orangel A.; Riff, Douglas; Bocquentin‐Villanueva, Jean (2006). "A new giant Purussaurus (Crocodyliformes, Alligatoridae) from the Upper Miocene Urumaco Formation, Venezuela". Journal of Systematic Palaeontology. 4 (3): 221–232. doi:10.1017/S147720190600188X. ISSN 1477-2019. 
  6. ^ Purussaurus at Fossilworks.org

Further reading[edit]

  • Rodrigues, J.B. (1892). ""Les reptiles fossils de la Vallée de L'Amazone". Vellosia". Contribuições do Museu Botânico do Amazonas. 2: 41–60. 
  • Langston, W (1965). "Fossil crocodilians from Colombia and the Cenozoic history of the Crocodilia in South America". University of California Publications in Geological Sciences. 52: 1–169. 

External links[edit]

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license