Play Video
1
PERU COCODRILO GIGANTE PURUSSAURUS  KNIFE CUCHILLO edit- musicaTITO LA ROSA - CUTERVO Walter Berrios
PERU COCODRILO GIGANTE PURUSSAURUS KNIFE CUCHILLO edit- musicaTITO LA ROSA - CUTERVO Walter Berrios
::2010/11/08::
Play Video
2
Tribute to Purussaurus
Tribute to Purussaurus
::2008/12/29::
Play Video
3
Deinosuchus vs Sarcosuchus
Deinosuchus vs Sarcosuchus
::2010/03/18::
Play Video
4
Top 10 most Deadliest Prehistoric Animals
Top 10 most Deadliest Prehistoric Animals
::2013/07/09::
Play Video
5
Spinosaurus vs Purussaurus
Spinosaurus vs Purussaurus
::2013/12/30::
Play Video
6
PCP Show and Test : Sarcosuchus & Purussaurus
PCP Show and Test : Sarcosuchus & Purussaurus
::2012/03/19::
Play Video
7
Aldo y el Purussaurus III
Aldo y el Purussaurus III
::2012/11/24::
Play Video
8
The Biggest Crocodile Of The Planet
The Biggest Crocodile Of The Planet
::2014/06/21::
Play Video
9
Aldo y Purussaurus II
Aldo y Purussaurus II
::2012/11/24::
Play Video
10
PURUSSAURUS NEGRO 4X4 JEEP
PURUSSAURUS NEGRO 4X4 JEEP
::2010/05/24::
Play Video
11
Aldo y el Purussaurus I
Aldo y el Purussaurus I
::2012/11/24::
Play Video
12
Prehistoric Supercrocs are Attacking Humans (Documentary)
Prehistoric Supercrocs are Attacking Humans (Documentary)
::2014/03/19::
Play Video
13
Tylosaurus vs. Deinosuchus (German + Anmerkungen aktivieren!)
Tylosaurus vs. Deinosuchus (German + Anmerkungen aktivieren!)
::2012/02/18::
Play Video
14
Crocodiles and Alligators at Audubon Zoo
Crocodiles and Alligators at Audubon Zoo
::2008/08/14::
Play Video
15
South America Dinos stick pack(read descr.)
South America Dinos stick pack(read descr.)
::2014/08/13::
Play Video
16
PDFC - Liopleurodon vs Megalodon vs Dunkleosteus
PDFC - Liopleurodon vs Megalodon vs Dunkleosteus
::2009/11/28::
Play Video
17
Tribute to Prehistoric Crocodiles
Tribute to Prehistoric Crocodiles
::2009/06/26::
Play Video
18
Giant Prehistoric Sarcosuchus Crocodiles
Giant Prehistoric Sarcosuchus Crocodiles
::2014/06/19::
Play Video
19
Fósiles de Venezuela
Fósiles de Venezuela
::2013/05/20::
Play Video
20
Caiman sxm
Caiman sxm
::2012/03/31::
Play Video
21
Patty Meotti  with alligator
Patty Meotti with alligator
::2012/03/31::
Play Video
22
Caiman saint martin 2012
Caiman saint martin 2012
::2012/03/31::
Play Video
23
Magnificent caiman
Magnificent caiman
::2012/03/31::
Play Video
24
Caiman sighting in Tortuguero, Costa Rica
Caiman sighting in Tortuguero, Costa Rica
::2013/03/03::
Play Video
25
Alligator sxm
Alligator sxm
::2012/03/31::
Play Video
26
jeep oaxaca 4x4 luis acostandose
jeep oaxaca 4x4 luis acostandose
::2010/05/05::
Play Video
27
gameplay land of the dead parte 2
gameplay land of the dead parte 2
::2012/07/12::
Play Video
28
SEntre piton stre rose et anse des cascades 1
SEntre piton stre rose et anse des cascades 1
::2012/03/10::
Play Video
29
el cocodrilo
el cocodrilo
::2008/10/07::
Play Video
30
1ª clase de Mate II (Bio10)....nadie pensó q Clemnt vendría xD
1ª clase de Mate II (Bio10)....nadie pensó q Clemnt vendría xD
::2010/09/09::
Play Video
31
Jeep Joey en sanja 2
Jeep Joey en sanja 2
::2010/05/25::
Play Video
32
La casa de la cultura de tzimol . La marimba
La casa de la cultura de tzimol . La marimba
::2013/01/08::
Play Video
33
Sharks in the Galapagos
Sharks in the Galapagos
::2010/05/30::
Play Video
34
RURAL NA SELVA 5
RURAL NA SELVA 5
::2013/01/27::
Play Video
35
L96A1 y Cuchillo Balistico TV grande!
L96A1 y Cuchillo Balistico TV grande!
::2011/03/06::
Play Video
36
CBI...penúltima clase :
CBI...penúltima clase :'(...:)
::2010/09/09::
Play Video
37
everglade Miami
everglade Miami
::2010/09/08::
Play Video
38
99 Nights Promo for the Xbox 360
99 Nights Promo for the Xbox 360
::2012/05/04::
Play Video
39
Craneo cocodrilo Parte # 5
Craneo cocodrilo Parte # 5
::2013/03/08::
Play Video
40
la nena riega el foso de los cocodrilos
la nena riega el foso de los cocodrilos
::2011/06/19::
Play Video
41
camionero carlitos en junin
camionero carlitos en junin
::2011/07/23::
Play Video
42
Cocodrilos en la home
Cocodrilos en la home
::2011/03/01::
Play Video
43
gameplay land of the dead parte 1
gameplay land of the dead parte 1
::2012/07/10::
Play Video
44
Documental El cocodrilo gigante de filipinas
Documental El cocodrilo gigante de filipinas
::2014/01/19::
Play Video
45
LOGO 600 BY SON LOGO METRO Q2 VN
LOGO 600 BY SON LOGO METRO Q2 VN
::2014/02/05::
Play Video
46
Edit y Walter
Edit y Walter
::2014/02/02::
Play Video
47
El cocodrilo gigante
El cocodrilo gigante
::2013/07/18::
Play Video
48
Parque Nacional Marino Ballena.
Parque Nacional Marino Ballena.
::2013/10/21::
Play Video
49
Fire light
Fire light
::2012/01/14::
Play Video
50
hack de cocodrilo y de kiwis
hack de cocodrilo y de kiwis
::2013/03/14::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Parussaurus)
Jump to: navigation, search
Purussaurus
Temporal range: Miocene
Purussaurus BW.jpg
Life restoration of Purussaurus brasiliensis
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Superorder: Crocodylomorpha
Order: Crocodilia
Family: Alligatoridae
Subfamily: Caimaninae
Genus: Purussaurus
Rodrigues, 1892
Species
  • Purussaurus brasiliensis (type species) Barbosa-Rodrigues, 1892
  • Purussaurus neivensis Mook, 1941
  • Purussaurus mirandai Aguilera et al., 2006
Synonyms
  • Dinosuchus neivensis Langston, 1965

Purussaurus is an extinct genus of giant caiman that lived in South America during the Miocene epoch, 8 million years ago. It is known from skull material found in the Brazilian, Colombian and Peruvian Amazonia, and northern Venezuela. The estimated skull length for one large individual of the type species P. brasiliensis is 1,400 millimetres (55 in).[1] Paleontologists estimate that P. brasiliensis may have measured around 11 to 13 metres (36 to 43 ft) in length,[2] which means that Purussaurus is one of the largest known crocodilians ever to have existed. Two other extinct crocodilians, Sarcosuchus and Deinosuchus, have similar proportions, but both are geologically much older, dating from the Early and Late Cretaceous, respectively, and another from the Miocene of India, Rhamphosuchus, is estimated to be slightly smaller, though assumed to have been proportioned like a gharial. During the summer of 2005, a Franco-Peruvian expedition (the Fitzcarrald expedition) found new fossils of Purussaurus in the Peruvian Amazon (600 km from Lima).[citation needed]

Analysis of a biomechanical model of the skull of Purussaurus has indicated that it would have been capable of performing the "death roll" maneuver used by extant crocodilians to subdue and dismember their prey.[3][4]

Paleoecology[edit]

Scale diagram showing the size of P. brasiliensis (red)

Brazilian P. brasiliensis is associated with sharks, rays, freshwater teleosts, lungfish, turtles including Stupendemys, crocodilians including Charactosuchus, Gryposuchus, and Mourasuchus, Anhinga birds, and mammals including sloths, bats, rodents, the primate Stirtonia, and river dolphins. River, floodplain, and lake environments were present.[2] Marine and freshwater fish, turtles, crocodilians, and terrestrial and aquatic mammals are associated with Venezuelan P. mirandai. Its environment is described as tropical and coastal. The earlier Colombian P. neivensis lived alongside a massive variety of fauna, including astrapotheres like Granastrapotherium and Xenastrapotherium, the early species of Mourasuchus and Gryposuchus, and the terrestrial crocodyliform Langstonia. This fauna dates from 13 million years ago, in the Laventan stage of the Late Miocene. [1]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b Aguilera, O. A., Riff, D., and Bocquentin-Villanueva, J. (2006). "A new giant Purussaurus (Crocodyliformes, Alligatoridae) from the Upper Miocene Urumaco Formation, Venezuela." Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 4(3): 221–232.
  2. ^ a b Bocqentin, J., and Melo, J. (2006). "Stupendemys souzai sp. nov. (Pleurodira, Podocnemididae) from the Miocene–Pliocene of the Solimões Formation, Brazil." Revista Brasileira de Paleontologia 9(2): 187–192.
  3. ^ Choi, C. Q. (2014-05-04). "Spinning Slayers: Giant Crocs Used 'Death Rolls' to Kill Dinosaurs". LiveScience.com. Purch. Archived from the original on 2014-05-06. Retrieved 2014-05-06. 
  4. ^ Blanco, R. E.; Jones, W. W.; Villamil, J. N. (2014-04-16). "The 'death roll' of giant fossil crocodyliforms (Crocodylomorpha: Neosuchia): Allometric and skull strength analysis". Historical Biology: 1. doi:10.1080/08912963.2014.893300.  edit
  • Rodrigues, J.B. 1892. "Les reptiles fossils de la Vallée de L’Amazone". Vellosia, Contribuições do Museu Botânico do Amazonas 2:41-60.
  • Langston, W. 1965. "Fossil crocodilians from Colombia and the Cenozoic history of the Crocodilia in South America". University of California Publications in Geological Sciences 52:1-169.

External links[edit]

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014