Passaic (pron.: /pəˈseɪ.ɨk/ pə-SAY-ik or local /pəˈseɪk/ pə-SAYK) is a city in Passaic County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city had a total population of 69,781, maintaining its status as the 15th largest municipality in New Jersey with an increase of 1,920 residents (+2.8%) from the 2000 Census population of 67,861, which had in turn increased by 9,820 (+16.9%) from the 58,041 counted in the 1990 Census.
Located north of Newark on the Passaic River, it was first settled in 1678 by Dutch traders, as Acquackanonk Township. The city and river draw their name from the Lenape word "pahsayèk" which has been variously attributed to mean "valley" or "place where the land splits."
The city originated from a Dutch settlement on the Passaic River established in 1679 which was called Acquackanonk. Industrial growth began in the 19th century, as Passaic became a textile and metalworking center. Passaic was formed within Acquackanonk Township on March 10, 1869, and was incorporated as an independent village on March 21, 1871. Passaic was chartered as a city on April 2, 1873.
The 1926 Passaic Textile Strike led by union organizer Albert Weisbord had 36,000 mill workers leave their jobs to oppose wage cuts demanded by the textile industry. The workers successfully fought to keep their wages unchanged but did not receive recognition of their union by the mill owners.
Passaic has been called "The Birthplace of Television". In 1931, experimental television station W2XCD began transmitting from DeForest Radio Corp. in Passaic. It has been called the first television station to transmit to the home, and was the first such station to broadcast a feature film. Allen B. DuMont, formerly DeForest's chief engineer, opened pioneering TV manufacturer DuMont Laboratories in Passaic in 1937, and started the DuMont Television Network, the world's first commercial television network, in 1946. The Okonite company began manufacturing electrical cable here in 1888, with early uses of the company's insulated wires including some of the earliest telegraph cables and the wiring for Thomas Edison's Pearl Street Station in Lower Manhattan.
In 1992, the voters of Passaic Township in Morris County voted to change their town's name to Long Hill Township, to avoid confusion between the City of Passaic and the largely rural community 22 miles (35 km) away, as well as association with the more urban City of Passaic.
Passaic is served by two newspapers The Record and The Star-Ledger.
Passaic is located at 40°51′23″N 74°07′37″W / 40.856413°N 74.12694°W (40.856413,-74.12694). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 3.244 square miles (8.401 km2), of which, 3.146 square miles (8.149 km2) of it is land and 0.098 square miles (0.253 km2) of it (3.01%) is water. Passaic is bordered on the north, west and south by the City of Clifton, and to the east by the Passaic River.
Passaic is located 10 miles (16 km) from New York City, and 12 miles (19 km) from Newark Airport.
The city 
Passaic has several business districts: Main Avenue begins in Passaic Park and follows the curve of the river to downtown. Broadway runs east – west through the center of the city, ending at Main Avenue in downtown. Monroe Street has many shops, restaurants and businesses reflecting the city's Latino and Eastern European populations.
The city is home to several architecturally notable churches, including St. John's Lutheran Church, First Presbyterian of Passaic, and St. John's Episcopal Church.
Passaic Park 
Southwest Passaic (known as Passaic Park) is a residential and institutional center of Orthodox Judaism, with 25-30 minyanim on Shabbos, and 1,300 families, as well as being home to numerous yeshivas, schools and other institutions. There are also kosher food and shopping establishments.
Passaic Park takes its name from Third Ward Park. This area is also noted for its large mansions and homes of various architectural styles, especially Victorian and Tudor. Several condominium and cooperative apartment complexes are also located here including: Carlton Tower (at 22 stories, the city's tallest structure), Presidential Towers, and Barry Gardens (which are all located within walking distance of each other near a stretch of Passaic Avenue between Lafayette Avenue and Green Court).
1880-1890 1880-1900 1890-1910
1910 1880-1930 1930-1990
Census 2010 
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 69,781 people, 19,411 households, and 14,597 families residing in the city. The population density was 22,179.6 inhabitants per square mile (8,563.6 /km2). There were 20,432 housing units at an average density of 6,494.2 per square mile (2,507.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 45.06% (31,440) White, 10.64% (7,425) Black or African American, 1.07% (745) Native American, 4.36% (3,040) Asian, 0.04% (27) Pacific Islander, 33.37% (23,284) from other races, and 5.47% (3,820) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 71.02% (49,557) of the population.
There were 19,411 households out of which 42.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.7% were married couples living together, 23.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.8% were non-families. 19.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.57 and the average family size was 4.02.
In the city the population was spread out with 31.5% under the age of 18, 11.4% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 7.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29.2 years. For every 100 females there were 100.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.2 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $31,135 (with a margin of error of +/- $1,280) and the median family income was $34,934 (+/- $2,987). Males had a median income of $30,299 (+/- $1,883) versus $25,406 (+/- $2,456) for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,424 (+/- $581). About 25.0% of families and 27.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.9% of those under age 18 and 25.5% of those age 65 or over.
Same-sex couples headed 107 households in 2010, a decline of the 142 counted in 2000.
Census 2000 
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 67,861 people, 19,458 households, and 14,457 families residing in the city of Passaic, New Jersey. The population density was 21,804.7 people per square mile (8,424.8/km²). There were 20,194 housing units at an average density of 6,488.6 per square mile (2,507.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 35.43% White, 13.83% African American, 0.78% Native American, 5.51% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 39.36% from other races, and 5.04% from two or more races. The cultural groupings for Hispanic or Latino of any race were 62.46% of the population.
As of the 2000 Census, 59.3% spoke Spanish at home, while 28.9% of residents identified themselves as speaking only English at home. An additional 2.5% were speakers of Gujarathi and 2.4% spoke Polish. There were 31,101 foreign-born residents of Passaic in 2000, of which 79.4% were from Latin America, with 31.3% of foreign-born residents from Mexico and 27.2% from the Dominican Republic. Among the speakers of Polish in Passaic are many Gorals. Passaic also has a sizable Orthodox Jewish community that reaches into neighboring Clifton, with 20 Orthodox synagogues serving a Jewish population of 12,000 that is predominantly Orthodox. In the first half of the twentieth century there was a sizable Italian American population, but this has declined over the years.
There were 19,458 households out of which 42.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.7% were married couples living together, 21.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.7% were non-families. 8.2% of Passaic households were same-sex partner households. 20.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.46 and the average family size was 3.93.
In the city the population was spread out with 30.8% under the age of 18, 12.5% from 18 to 24, 31.6% from 25 to 44, 16.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 99.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $33,594, and the median income for a family was $34,935. Males had a median income of $24,568 versus $21,352 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,874. About 18.4% of families and 21.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.6% of those under age 18 and 16.0% of those age 65 or over.
Local government 
The city of Passaic is governed under the Mayor-Council system of municipal government under the Faulkner Act. Under this form of government, the mayor is elected directly by the voters for a four-year term. Seven council Members serve four-year terms on a staggered basis.
The Mayor of Passaic is Alex Blanco, who won a special election in November 2008 to succeed acting mayor Gary Schaer, who, as City Council president automatically moved into this position upon the resignation by previous mayor Samuel Rivera, after Rivera pleaded guilty to corruption charges filed against him. Blanco was elected to serve the remainder of Rivera's term, and was re-elected to a full term on May 12, 2009, with 4,751 votes (53.2% of votes cast), defeating Passaic Board of Education member Vinny Capuana who received 4,177 (46.8%).
As of 2013Gary Schaer, Jose Garcia, Terrence L. Love, Thania Melo, Chaim M. Munk, Zaida Polanco and Daniel J. Schwartz. In addition to his role as council president, Schaer also holds a seat in the New Jersey General Assembly. This dual position, often called double dipping, is allowed under a grandfather clause in the state law enacted by the New Jersey Legislature and signed into law by Governor of New Jersey Jon Corzine in September 2007 that prevents dual-office-holding but allows those who had held both positions as of February 1, 2008, to retain both posts.
, members of the Passaic City Council are Council President
Corruption charges over the past decades have resulted in the federal convictions of two mayors, seven councilman and other public officials. Passaic Business Administrator Anthony Ianoco was terminated in February 2011 after he was charged with cocaine possession, following his arrest in Hoboken, where police arrested him after he was caught driving the wrong way in a Passaic city vehicle.
Federal, state and county representation 
Passaic is located in the 9th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 36th state legislative district. Prior to the 2010 Census, Passaic had been part of the 8th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.
New Jersey's Ninth Congressional District is represented by Bill Pascrell (D, Paterson). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Frank Lautenberg (D, Cliffside Park) and Bob Menendez (D, Hoboken).
The 36th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Paul Sarlo (D, Wood-Ridge) and in the General Assembly by Marlene Caride (D, Ridgefield) and Gary Schaer (D], Passaic). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Passaic County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected to staggered three-year terms office on an at-large basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. As of 2013 , Passaic County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Bruce James (D, term ends December 31, 2014; Clifton), Freeholder Deputy Director Theodore O. Best Jr. (D, 2014; Paterson), John W. Bartlett (D, 2015; Wayne), Ronda Cotroneo (D, 2015; Ringwood), Terry Duffy (D, 2013; West Milford), Pat Lepore (D, 2013; Woodland Park) and Hector C. Lora (D, 2015; Passaic). Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Kristin M. Corrado (2014), Sheriff Richard H. Berdnik and Surrogate Bernice Toledo.
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 24,227 registered voters in Passaic, of which 8,753 (36.1% vs. 31.0% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 2,063 (8.5% vs. 18.7%) were registered as Republicans and 13,408 (55.3% vs. 50.3%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 3 voters registered to other parties. Among the city's 2010 Census population, 34.7% (vs. 53.2% in Passaic County) were registered to vote, including 50.7% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 70.8% countywide).
In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 12,386 votes here (72.7% vs. 58.8% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 4,012 votes (23.6% vs. 37.7%) and other candidates with 93 votes (0.5% vs. 0.8%), among the 17,033 ballots cast by the city's 25,496 registered voters, for a turnout of 66.8% (vs. 70.4% in Passaic County). In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 9,539 votes here (66.3% vs. 53.9% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 4,291 votes (29.8% vs. 42.7%) and other candidates with 62 votes (0.4% vs. 0.7%), among the 14,391 ballots cast by the city's 23,389 registered voters, for a turnout of 61.5% (vs. 69.3% in the whole county).
In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 5,958 ballots cast (68.7% vs. 50.8% countywide), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 2,319 votes (26.7% vs. 43.2%), Independent Chris Daggett with 124 votes (1.4% vs. 3.8%) and other candidates with 52 votes (0.6% vs. 0.9%), among the 8,672 ballots cast by the city's 24,219 registered voters, yielding a 35.8% turnout (vs. 42.7% in the county).
The Passaic City School District is a type II school district, and is an independent legal entity administered by a nine-member Board of Education elected by the voters of the school district. The Superintendent of Schools is Dr. Robert H. Holster. The district is one of 31 Abbott districts statewide, which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority.
Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Capuana School No. 15 (228; K), Passaic School No. 16 (473; PreK-K), Passaic School No. 17 (384; PreK-K), Jefferson School No. 1 (776; 1-6), Washington School No. 2 (214; K-2), Mario Drago School No. 3 (formerly Franklin School - 998; PreK-6), School No. 5 (332; 4-6), Martin Luther King, Jr. School No. 6 (1,155; PreK-6), Grant School No. 7 (274; PreK-2), Pulaski School No. 8 (553; PreK-3), Etta Gero School No. 9 (649; 3-6), Theodore Roosevelt School No. 10 (740; K-4), William B. Cruise Memorial School No. 11 (1,292; 1-5), Daniel F. Ryan School No. 19 (723; PreK-5), Abraham Lincoln Middle School No. 4 (1,715; 7-8), Passaic High School (2,775; 9-12).
St. Nicholas Ukrainian Catholic School is an elementary school founded in 1943 that operates under the supervision of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Paterson and the Ukrainian Catholic Archeparchy of Philadelphia.
Established in 1895, the Collegiate School is a private coeducational day school located in Passaic, serving students in prekindergarten through twelfth grade.
Passaic County Community College opened a new campus in the city of Passaic on September 11, 2008, which will allow PCCC to reach the 15% of its students who come from the city of Passaic. The college's nursing program will be relocated and expanded at the new campus to provide a qualified program to help fill the longstanding nursing shortage.
The Yeshiva Gedola of Passaic is an institute of Talmudic learning for post-high-school-age men. Passaic has two Mesivtas, Mesivta Tiferes Rav Tzvi Aryeh Zemel Zal, and Mesivta Zichron Baruch. Passaic also has a number of Orthodox educational institutions for primary education as well as other advanced seminaries and kollels for married students.
Emergency services 
The Passaic Fire Department (PFD) is a paid fire department. The PFD was organized in November 1869 and became a paid department in 1909 which now consists of 109 firefighters. There are two fire houses that contain seven Engines and three Ladder trucks.
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Portions of Passaic are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3½% sales tax rate (versus the 7% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants.
Since 1994, the Hercules Chemical Company has been located in Passaic.
Passaic is served by state roadways including Route 3 and Route 21. The Garden State Parkway and Interstate 80 are nearby. There are five bridges crossing the Passaic River.
Local bus transportation is provided by New Jersey Transit, with service to Paterson, Rutherford, Newark, Clifton, Garfield, and Wallington among other locations on the 74, 702, 703, 705, 707, 709, 744, 758, 780 and 970routes. New Jersey Transit bus routes 161 and 190 provides local service and interstate service to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan.
The Passaic New Jersey Transit rail station is located in the Passaic Park section, providing service on the Main Line southbound to Hoboken Terminal, and to Secaucus Junction for New Jersey Transit connections to Pennsylvania Station in Midtown Manhattan, Newark Airport and points north and south. Northbound service is provided to Paterson, Ridgewood and New York stations in Suffern and Port Jervis.
Passaic formerly had four train stations (Passaic Park, Prospect Street, Passaic and Harrison Street) on the Erie Railroad main line. In 1963, these stations were abandoned and the main line was moved to the Boonton Branch.
Commuter jitney buses operate along Main Avenue providing service to Paterson, Union City, the George Washington Bridge Bus Terminal in Washington Heights, Manhattan, and points between. This service does not operate on an official schedule.
Notable people 
Notable current and former residents of Passaic include:
- Mitch Albom (born 1958), author of The Five People You Meet in Heaven.
- John Barbata (born 1945), drummer for The Turtles.
- Terrence Boyle (born 1945), judge on the United States District Court for the Eastern District of North Carolina.
- George Breeman (1880–1937), sailor and Medal of Honor recipient.
- Bob Butterworth (born 1942), former Florida Attorney General.
- Arthur K. Cebrowski (1942–2005), United States Navy admiral and senior U.S. Department of Defense official.
- Morris Cerullo (born 1931), Pentecostal televangelist.
- Alan N. Cohen (1930–2004), former co-owner of the Boston Celtics and the New Jersey Nets.
- Howard Crook (born 1947), Opera singer tenor.
- Mark DeRosa (born 1975), Major League Baseball infielder.
- Dow H. Drukker (1872–1963), represented New Jersey's 6th congressional district from 1914–1919.
- Evelyn Dubrow (1911–2006), lobbyist and Presidential Medal of Freedom recipient.
- Peter Enns (born 1961), Bible scholar.
- Charles Evered (born 1964), playwright.
- Donald Fagen (born 1948), musician with Steely Dan.
- Paul Goldberger (born 1950), Pulitzer Prize-winning architecture critic.
- David Grisman (born 1945), bluegrass musician and former member of Old and in the Way with Jerry Garcia of the Grateful Dead.
- Reed Gusciora (born 1960), former minority leader of the New Jersey General Assembly.
- Beth Gylys (born 1964), poet and professor.
- Art Harris (1949–1970), running back who was involved in the 1970 Marshall football team plane crash that killed everyone on board.
- Robert Helps (1928–2001), pianist and composer.
- Craig Heyward (1966–2006), National Football League running back.
- Dennis Johnson (born 1951), former NFL defensive tackle.
- Mike Jorgensen (born 1948), former Major League Baseball player.
- Lewis Kaplan, violinist.
- Fritz Knothe (1903–1963), former Major League Baseball player and member of "Wonder Team."
- Ray Malavasi (1930–87), National Football League head coach.
- William J. Martini (born 1947), former Republican Congressman.
- Larry Mialik (born 1950), former National Football League player.
- Bill Mokray (1907–1974), basketball historian and statistician enshrined in the Basketball Hall of Fame in 1965 as a contributor to the sport.
- Jack Mulhall (1887–1979), silent film and talkie leading man.
- Morris Pashman (1912–1999), New Jersey Supreme Court Justice who served as mayor of Passaic from 1951 to 1955.
- Millie Perkins (born 1938), actress, best known for her lead role in the film The Diary of Anne Frank.
- Jason Perry (born 1976), former safety in the NFL from 1999 to 2002.
- Joe Piscopo (born 1951), comedian.
- Gerry Polci, drummer and singer with Frankie Valli and The Four Seasons.
- Michael J. Pollard (born 1939), actor.
- Stuart Rabner (born 1960), Chief Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court.
- Frankie Randall (born 1938), entertainer, musician, singer and actor.
- Joseph Rankin (1833–1886), U.S. Representative from Wisconsin.
- John Roosma (1900–1983), captain of Ernest Blood's "Wonder Teams" who became the first college player to total 1,000 points for his career while at the United States Military Academy.
- Alan Rosenberg (born 1951), Emmy Award-winning actor and activist, Screen Actors Guild President (2005–present).
- Mark Rosenberg (c. 1948–1992), film producer.
- Paul Rudd (born 1969), actor.
- Bob Russell (1908–1998), entertainer.
- Bob Russell (1914–1970), Hall of Fame songwriter.
- Nick Sakiewicz (born 1961), soccer executive.
- Zoe Saldana (born 1978), actress who appeared in the 2009 film Avatar.
- Víctor Santos (born 1976), Cincinnati Reds pitcher.
- Sherwood Schwartz (1916–2011), TV producer, best known for creating Gilligan's Island and The Brady Bunch.
- The Shirelles, musicians.
- Robert Smithson (1938–1973), artist.
- Mark Stevens, former NFL QB, Redskins, played college at Purdue.
- Larry Storch (born 1923), actor.
- Tyronne Stowe (born 1965), former NFL linebacker.
- Loretta Swit (born 1937), actress.
- Danny Szetela (born 1987), Major League Soccer player.
- Dave Szott (born 1967), National Football League player and coach.
- Jack Tatum (1948–2010), football player.
- Ösel Tendzin (1943–1990), Tibetan Buddhist scholar.
- Franklin Stuart Van Antwerpen (born 1941), judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit.
- Dick Vitale (born 1939), sportscaster.
- Perry Williams (born 1961), former cornerback for the New York Giants.
- Darrin Winston (1966–2008), Major League Baseball player who played two seasons in Major League Baseball for the Philadelphia Phillies.
- Saul Zaentz (born 1921), film producer.
- Frankie Zak (1922–1972), Major League Baseball player who played for the Pittsburgh Pirates.
Films shot in Passaic 
- ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
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- ^ a b 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 154.
- ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 13, 2013.
- ^ Administration, City of Passaic. Accessed August 15, 2012.
- ^ Municipal Clerk, City of Passaic. Accessed August 15, 2012.
- ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of Passaic, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 8, 2013.
- ^ a b c d e f DP-1: Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 - 2010 Demographic Profile Data, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 18, 2011.
- ^ a b c The Counties and Most Populous Cities and Townships in 2010 in New Jersey: 2000 and 2010, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 19, 2011.
- ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 14. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- ^ a b c Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Passaic city, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed December 14, 2011.
- ^ ZIP code lookup for Passaic, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed August 28, 2011.
- ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed August 15, 2012.
- ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- ^ AP-News Pronunciation Guide L-R, KRGV-TV, June 10, 2012. Accessed August 16, 2012. "Passaic -- puh-SAY'-ihk"
- ^ Martin, Jim. "Jim Martin", Schenectady Gazette, June 3, 1970. Accessed August 16, 2012. "When you have to run 20 miles a day through a corridor of urban sprawl without bumping Into Hackensack, South Orange (pronounced 'Arnj'), Passaic (pronounced 'Puh-sake'), Cedar Ave., Nutley or the Delaware-Lackawanna tracks, you are a human being of extraordinary determination."
- ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed August 14, 2012.
- ^ Cunningham, John T. (1994). This is New Jersey. Rutgers University Press. p. 67. ISBN 978-0-8135-2141-1.
- ^ "Lenape Talking Dictionary". Retrieved 2012-05-27.
- ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 210. Accessed March 14, 2012.
- ^ Lurie, Maxine N.; and Mappen, Marc. "Passaic textile strike", Encyclopedia of New Jersey, p. 617. Rutgers University Press, 2004. ISBN 0-8135-3325-2. Accessed August 28, 2011.
- ^ UCLA Film and Television Archive Television Programs Preserved 1988–2000. University of California, Los Angeles. Accessed February 18, 2007.
- ^ WIRE AND CABLE MANUFACTURERS SINCE 1878, The Okonite Company. Accessed August 28, 2011.
- ^ Nieves, Evelyn. "How Green Was My Passaic, Now Long Hill", The New York Times, December 3, 1992. Accessed August 28, 2011. "No one used to mind when the City of Passaic and the Township of Passaic, 22 miles away, were confused.... Passaic Township, as bucolic as New Jersey gets, began to wear its name like an itchy sweater. Residents tired of explaining the difference between their remote green stretch of southern Morris County and urban blight."
- ^ Berman, Rachel. Passaic/Clifton – The New Jewish Boom Town, The Jewish Press, November 22, 2006.
- ^ Carlton Tower, The Shallis Group. Accessed January 14, 2013. "Carlton Tower, the city's tallest structure, is 22 stories with 228 units and a 24 hour doorman as well as secured assigned surface parking."
- ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 27, 2012.
- ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 99. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed January 14, 2013.
- ^ Staff. Passaic, Chambers's Encyclopaedia: A Dictionary of Universal Knowledge, W. & R. Chambers, 1901. Accessed November 25, 2011.
- ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 338. Accessed January 14, 2013.
- ^ Colby, Frank Moore; Williams, Talcott. "Passaic", pp. 140-1, New International Encyclopedia, Dodd, Mead and company, 1918. Accessed November 25, 2011.
- ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 711. Accessed January 14, 2013.
- ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed December 18, 2011.
- ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Passaic city, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 14, 2012.
- ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Passaic city, Passaic County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 14, 2012.
- ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Passaic city, Passaic County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 14, 2012.
- ^ Lipman, Harvy; and Sheingold, Dave. "North Jersey sees 30% growth in same-sex couples", The Record (Bergen County), August 14, 2011. Accessed January 14, 2012.
- ^ QT-P16; Language Spoken at Home: 2000 from the Census 2000 Summary File 3 (SF 3) - Sample Data, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 14, 2013.
- ^ QT-P15 - Region and Country or Area of Birth of the Foreign-Born Population: 2000 from the 2000 Summary File 3 (SF 3) - Sample Data, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 14, 2013.
- ^ Strybel, Robert. "Gromada examines highlanders impact on Poland", Am-Pol Eagle. Accessed January 14, 2013. "They and their descendants can be encountered throughout the Northeast and Midwest, including in the author’s own hometown of Passaic, NJ, but also in California and Colorado."
- ^ Adely, Hannan. "Clifton-Passaic Y gets ready to shut its doors, as donations plummet", The Record (New Jersey), July 5, 2011. Accessed August 28, 2011. "The Young Men's Hebrew Association formed in Passaic in 1904, adding a women's counterpart the following year, and moved to the 7-acre campus in Clifton in 1976. In that year, the Jewish population in Clifton and Passaic was estimated at 9,000, according to the American Jewish Year Book; in 2010, the figure was 12,000. While the Jewish population has grown, the historic population of Reform and Conservative Jews has been largely replaced by Orthodox practitioners, said local residents and Jewish leaders.... The growth of the Orthodox community can be seen throughout the southern end of Clifton and Passaic, which is home to about 20 Orthodox synagogues and minyans, or prayer groups, and to a cluster of kosher shops and Jewish schools."
- ^ Elected Officials/Mayor's Page.htm Mayor's Page, City of Passaic. Accessed June 4, 2009.
- ^ Municipal Election May 12, 2009 Unofficial Results, City of Passaic. Accessed June 4, 2009.
- ^ Elected Officials, City of Passaic. Accessed January 14, 2013.
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- ^ Hanley, Robert. "The Mayor Of Passaic Is Convicted Of Corruption", The New York Times, November 29, 1992. Accessed January 14, 2013. "Joseph Lipari, the Mayor of Passaic, N.J., was convicted today on two charges of extortion and five counts of income tax evasion after a five-week corruption trial in Federal District Court."
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External links