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Patchwork Staccato (English Cover)【JubyPhonic】ツギハギスタッカート
Patchwork Staccato (English Cover)【JubyPhonic】ツギハギスタッカート
Published: 2017/02/14
Channel: JubyPhonic
PATCHWORK (2017) Exclusive Movie Clip - Regroup (HD) Horror Comedy
PATCHWORK (2017) Exclusive Movie Clip - Regroup (HD) Horror Comedy
Published: 2017/06/06
Channel: JoBlo Movie Clips
Patchwork Review - with Tom Vasel
Patchwork Review - with Tom Vasel
Published: 2015/01/22
Channel: The Dice Tower
Patchwork Gameplay Runthrough
Patchwork Gameplay Runthrough
Published: 2015/02/23
Channel: rahdo
PatchWork - Episode 1 - [Metal Gear Survive]
PatchWork - Episode 1 - [Metal Gear Survive]
Published: 2016/10/14
Channel: TopSpinTheFuzzy
CGI 3D Animated Short Film "PATCHWORK" DARK & CREEPY Animation by IsArt Digital
CGI 3D Animated Short Film "PATCHWORK" DARK & CREEPY Animation by IsArt Digital
Published: 2014/12/24
Channel: MadArtistPublishing
Patchwork: Chain Piecing and Nesting Seams How To
Patchwork: Chain Piecing and Nesting Seams How To
Published: 2012/05/17
Channel: Melanie Ham
Pearly Patchwork Quilt Effect with Gel Polish
Pearly Patchwork Quilt Effect with Gel Polish
Published: 2017/07/24
Channel: Naio Nails
Patchwork Quilt Along Block  7 - Propeller
Patchwork Quilt Along Block 7 - Propeller
Published: 2017/07/15
Channel: Fat Quarter Shop
DIY::: Patchwork - Bloco Mágico - By Fê Atelier
DIY::: Patchwork - Bloco Mágico - By Fê Atelier
Published: 2016/05/08
Channel: By Fê Atelier
Como hacer cuadrado de patchwork- Block #7
Como hacer cuadrado de patchwork- Block #7
Published: 2012/02/07
Channel: TheCraftyGemini
How to Cut Patchwork Squares
How to Cut Patchwork Squares
Published: 2013/03/09
Channel: Melanie Ham
How to Make a Perfect Patchwork Dresden Quilt Block | with Jennifer Bosworth of Shabby Fabrics
How to Make a Perfect Patchwork Dresden Quilt Block | with Jennifer Bosworth of Shabby Fabrics
Published: 2016/08/09
Channel: Shabby Fabrics
Patchwork Triangle Rulers - Šití z pruhů
Patchwork Triangle Rulers - Šití z pruhů
Published: 2015/10/28
Channel: Liza Decor
Mulher.com 16/06/2015 Ana Cosentino - Bloco log cagin patchwork Parte 2/2
Mulher.com 16/06/2015 Ana Cosentino - Bloco log cagin patchwork Parte 2/2
Published: 2015/06/17
Channel: RedeSeculo21
Patchwork: Bloco Quadrados Entrelaçados | Má Patchwork
Patchwork: Bloco Quadrados Entrelaçados | Má Patchwork
Published: 2016/05/09
Channel: Má Patchwork
Una clase magistral de Patchwork
Una clase magistral de Patchwork
Published: 2012/05/15
Channel: ArteZ TV
Cómo hacer patchwork paso a paso: Reciclar retales de tela rápido y fácil
Cómo hacer patchwork paso a paso: Reciclar retales de tela rápido y fácil
Published: 2014/11/20
Channel: Innatia
PATCHWORK  |  COMO UNIR CUADRADOS
PATCHWORK | COMO UNIR CUADRADOS
Published: 2017/02/13
Channel: nairamkitty DIY
PATCHWORK BASICO
PATCHWORK BASICO
Published: 2013/03/04
Channel: Puntada y Punto
DIY MANTEL INDIVIDUAL EN PATCHWORK | TÉCNICA QUILT AS YOU GO
DIY MANTEL INDIVIDUAL EN PATCHWORK | TÉCNICA QUILT AS YOU GO
Published: 2016/06/29
Channel: nairamkitty DIY
PATCHWORK::: Técnica Crazy Quilt
PATCHWORK::: Técnica Crazy Quilt
Published: 2016/12/22
Channel: By Fê Atelier
Cómo hacer la Técnica de Espiga (Patchwork) [Tutorial]
Cómo hacer la Técnica de Espiga (Patchwork) [Tutorial]
Published: 2017/06/17
Channel: CosoQueTeCoso
Patchwork sem costura | Fácil e descomplicado
Patchwork sem costura | Fácil e descomplicado
Published: 2017/02/08
Channel: Tu organizas por Nina Braz
Top 30 DIY Patchwork Ideas - Room Decor From Recycled Materials
Top 30 DIY Patchwork Ideas - Room Decor From Recycled Materials
Published: 2016/12/07
Channel: Karinka Oli
Patchwork Descomplicado - Dicas para Iniciantes
Patchwork Descomplicado - Dicas para Iniciantes
Published: 2014/03/16
Channel: Videos da Aluna do Atelier Oficina Panos e Traços
Играем в настольную игру «ПЭЧВОРК» // Let
Играем в настольную игру «ПЭЧВОРК» // Let's Play "PATCHWORK" board game
Published: 2017/07/23
Channel: Настольные игры — Твой Игровой
Patchwork Tote Bag with Couching - Tutorial
Patchwork Tote Bag with Couching - Tutorial
Published: 2015/11/13
Channel: Alanda Craft
Cómo hacer un triángulo mágico de patchwork | DaWanda
Cómo hacer un triángulo mágico de patchwork | DaWanda
Published: 2016/09/01
Channel: DaWanda en español
Vida com Arte | Pineapple em Patchwork por Airton Spengler - 23 de Julho de 2015
Vida com Arte | Pineapple em Patchwork por Airton Spengler - 23 de Julho de 2015
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: TV Aparecida
Vida com Arte | Capa para almofada em patchwork por Eliana Maria Yazbek - 19 de Setembro
Vida com Arte | Capa para almofada em patchwork por Eliana Maria Yazbek - 19 de Setembro
Published: 2015/09/21
Channel: TV Aparecida
PATCHWORK  | BLOQUE LOG CABIN
PATCHWORK | BLOQUE LOG CABIN
Published: 2017/05/04
Channel: nairamkitty DIY
Toallas  De Cocina Bordadas  En Patchwork
Toallas De Cocina Bordadas En Patchwork
Published: 2015/08/13
Channel: Los Mejores 20 De La Web
Patchwork para novatas: cojín navideño
Patchwork para novatas: cojín navideño
Published: 2016/12/06
Channel: Coser fácil y más Menudo Numerito
Radka Sedláčková - Patchwork - díl 1
Radka Sedláčková - Patchwork - díl 1
Published: 2013/05/06
Channel: Kurzy Pro Radost
Como Fazer Bloco de Tulipas em Patchwork | Ana Cosentino
Como Fazer Bloco de Tulipas em Patchwork | Ana Cosentino
Published: 2017/03/24
Channel: Ana Cosentino Patchwork e Quilting
Broderie : Coudre une trousse en patchwork brodé avec Marie Suarez - L
Broderie : Coudre une trousse en patchwork brodé avec Marie Suarez - L'Atelier Edisaxe
Published: 2014/01/30
Channel: Les Editions de Saxe
Como hacer cojín de Patchwork para el día de la Madre.
Como hacer cojín de Patchwork para el día de la Madre.
Published: 2013/04/26
Channel: crisrocksu
Patchwork Pals Puzzle
Patchwork Pals Puzzle
Published: 2017/04/13
Channel: Filmbilder
Tia Lili Patchwork: técnica Puff rápida e fácil!
Tia Lili Patchwork: técnica Puff rápida e fácil!
Published: 2016/10/08
Channel: Pano Xadrez por Eliana Zerbinatti
Santa Receita | Carteira em patchwork por Afonso Franco - 21 de Setembro de 2015
Santa Receita | Carteira em patchwork por Afonso Franco - 21 de Setembro de 2015
Published: 2015/09/21
Channel: TV Aparecida
Patchwork para Iniciantes - aula 1
Patchwork para Iniciantes - aula 1
Published: 2016/04/05
Channel: Arteirinhas by Claudia Viana
Patchwork Ao Vivo #29: Seminole
Patchwork Ao Vivo #29: Seminole
Published: 2015/07/18
Channel: Pano Xadrez por Eliana Zerbinatti
Tutorial PATCHWORK Necchi | Realizzare un BLOCCO MILLERIGHE con Simonetta Marini
Tutorial PATCHWORK Necchi | Realizzare un BLOCCO MILLERIGHE con Simonetta Marini
Published: 2017/01/12
Channel: NECCHI ITALIA
Bolsa de Tecido Basica -  Patchwork -  Como Fazer - ( Parte 1) - Segredos de Aline
Bolsa de Tecido Basica - Patchwork - Como Fazer - ( Parte 1) - Segredos de Aline
Published: 2015/10/22
Channel: Segredos de Aline
Necessaire | Elisa Fumache | Patchwork Sem Segredos 80
Necessaire | Elisa Fumache | Patchwork Sem Segredos 80
Published: 2017/02/02
Channel: Ana Cosentino Patchwork e Quilting
Patchwork Sem Segredos com Ana Cosentino: Aula 18 (Log Cabin)
Patchwork Sem Segredos com Ana Cosentino: Aula 18 (Log Cabin)
Published: 2014/06/02
Channel: Ana Cosentino Patchwork e Quilting
Patchwork Sem Segredos com Ana Cosentino: Aula 11 Viés
Patchwork Sem Segredos com Ana Cosentino: Aula 11 Viés
Published: 2014/02/17
Channel: Ana Cosentino Patchwork e Quilting
Holiday Patchwork: Gorgeous, Not Gaudy
Holiday Patchwork: Gorgeous, Not Gaudy
Published: 2014/07/02
Channel: Fons & Porter
Foundation Patchwork Passo a Passo Em Blocos Fáceis Com a Drica
Foundation Patchwork Passo a Passo Em Blocos Fáceis Com a Drica
Published: 2014/06/11
Channel: Duna Atelier
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Traditional Korean patchwork pojagi wrapping cloth

Patchwork or "pieced work" is a form of needlework that involves sewing together pieces of fabric into a larger design. The larger design is usually based on repeating patterns built up with different fabric shapes (which can be different colors). These shapes are carefully measured and cut, basic geometric shapes making them easy to piece together.

Example of patchwork

Uses[edit]

A patchwork representing Little Amsterdam

Patchwork is most often used to make quilts, but it can also be used to make bags, wall-hangings, warm jackets, cushion covers, skirts, waistcoats and other items of clothing. Some textile artists work with patchwork, often combining it with embroidery and other forms of stitchery.

When used to make a quilt, this larger patchwork or pieced design becomes the "top" of a three-layered quilt, the middle layer being the batting, and the bottom layer the backing. To keep the batting from shifting, a patchwork or pieced quilt is often quilted by hand or machine using a running stitch in order to outline the individual shapes that make up the pieced top, or the quilting stitches may be random or highly ordered overall patterns that contrast with the patchwork composition.

History[edit]

Evidence of patchwork—piecing small pieces of fabric together to create a larger piece and quilting layers of textile fabrics together—has been found throughout history. The earliest examples have been located in Egyptian tombs and also in early age of China about 5000 years ago. Further finds have been dated from the early Middle Ages, where layers of quilted fabric were used in the construction of armor—this kept the soldiers warm and protected. Japanese armor was made in a similar fashion.[citation needed]

Using this technique, quilts began to appear in households of the 11th to 13th centuries.[1] As the European climate became colder around this time, the incidence of the use of bed quilts rose, and so developed the practice of embellishing a simple cloth through the creation of pattern and design, alongside the development of decorative quilting. The tradition of making quilts in this fashion was taken to America by the Pilgrims.[2]

Americans[edit]

Patchwork enjoyed a widespread revival during the Great Depression as a way to recycle worn clothing into warm quilts. Even very small and worn pieces of material are suitable for use in patchwork, although crafters today more often use new 100% cotton fabrics as the basis for their designs. In the US, patchwork declined after World War II, but was again revived during the American bicentennial. In the past, hand quilting was often done in a group around a frame. Instead of quilting, the layers are sometimes tied together at regular intervals with pieces of yarn, a practice known as tying or knotting, and which produces a "comforter".[3]

Popularity[edit]

The 2003 Quilting in America survey estimated that the total value of the American quilting industry was $2.7 billion.[4] International quilting exhibitions attract thousands of visitors, while countless smaller exhibitions are held every weekend in local regions. Active cyber-quilting communities abound on the web; books and magazines on the subject are published in the hundreds every year; and there are many active local quilting guilds and shops in different countries. "Quilt Art" is established as a legitimate artistic medium, with quilted works of art selling for thousands of dollars to corporate buyers and galleries. Quilt historians and quilt appraisers are re-evaluating the heritage of traditional quilting and antique quilts, while superb examples of antique quilts are purchased for large sums by collectors and museums. The American Quilt Study Group is active in promotion of research on the history of quilting.

Asia[edit]

In Indian stitching blanket using different small pieces of cloth is an art. It is popularly known as Kaudhi in Karnataka. Such blankets are given as gifts to newborn babies in some parts of Karnataka. Lambani tribes wear skirts with such art

Structure[edit]

There are three traditional structures used to construct a patchwork or pieced composition: 1) the block, 2) overall, and 3) strip piecing. Traditional patchwork has identifying names based on the arrangement of colors and shapes.

Blocks[edit]

Patchwork blocks are pieced squares[5] made up of colored shapes that repeat specific shapes to create patterns within the square or block, of, say, light and dark, or contrasting colors (motif). The blocks can all repeat the same pattern, or blocks can have several different patterns. The patchwork blocks are typically around 8–10" square (20 cm to 25 cm). They are sewn together in stacked rows to make a larger composition. Often strips of contrasting fabric forming a lattice separate the patchwork blocks from each other. Some common patchwork block names are Log Cabin, Drunkard's Path, Bear's Paw, Tulip, and Nine Patch.

A unique form of patchwork quilt is the crazy quilt. Crazy quilting was popular during the Victorian era (mid–late 19th century). The crazy quilt is made up of random shapes of luxurious fabric such as velvets, silks, and brocades and buttons, lace, and other embellishments left over from the gowns they had made for themselves. The patchwork pieces are stitched together forming "crazy" or non-repeat, asymmetric compositions. Fancy embroidery embellishes the seam lines between the individual, pieced shapes. The crazy quilt was a status symbol, as only well-to-do women had a staff to do all the household work, and had the time to sew their crazy quilt. Traditionally, the top was left without lining or batting. Many surviving crazy quilts still have the newspaper and other foundation papers used for piecing.

Overall[edit]

Overall patchwork designs are incrementally pieced geometric shapes stitched together to form a larger random or composed design. The colored shapes can be randomly pieced or follow a strict order to create a specific effect, e.g. value (light to dark) progressions, or checkerboard effects. Names such as Hit or Miss, Clamshell, back-stitch, needle weave, criss-cross and Starburst identify some overall patchwork structures.

Strip piecing[edit]

Strip piecing involves stitching together pieces of fabric in repeat patterns into long strips and then stitching the strips together lengthwise. The patchwork strips can be alternated with strips of contrasting colors. A typical strip patchwork quilt is the Four Patch pattern.

Jelly Rolls and other pre-cuts[edit]

Pre-cut fabrics come in many varieties and can be used to make various styles of quilts. Pre-cuts include "Jelly Rolls", which were brought onto the market by the fabric company Moda Fabrics[6]. Jelly Roll's consists of many fabric strips measuring 2 ½" wide by 44" or the full width of the fabric.[7] The bundles come in varying qualities usually 20 to 40 strips and come in most styles and themes. Other manufactures including, Anthology Fabrics, Free Spirit Fabrics, Hoffman Fabrics, Island Batik, Riley Blake Fabrics, Robert Kaufman, and Timeless Treasures have each brought similar bundles to market.

2 ½ Inch Precut Fabric Bundle Names
Manufacturer 2 ½ Inch Strip Set Name
Anthology Fabrics Story Strips
Free Spirit Fabrics[8] Design Roll
Hoffman Fabrics[9] Bali Poppy or Bali Pop
Island Batik[10] Strip Set
Moda Fabrics[11] Jelly Roll
Riley Blake Fabrics[12] Rollie Pollie
Robert Kaufman Roll Up
Timeless Treasures[13] Strip Treat

Forms[edit]

Example of stained glass window patchwork

Specialised forms of patchwork include:

Trends[edit]

Woman wearing a traditional jeogori (jacket) made with Jogakbo, or Korean patchwork

Today, many things are quilted using a longarm quilting system. The system consists of a frame and a sewing machine. The patchwork, batting and backing are loaded onto the frame and in some systems each layer can be tensioned independently. No basting is usually necessary. The frames can be up to 14' long which is big enough for a king-size quilt to be tensioned ready for quilting. The sewing machine known as the longarm machine has an extended throat space, up to 36", and it can be moved on a two-axis rail system—left and right, forwards and backwards, enabling a 360-degree movement over the surface of the quilt.

Until recently, most longarm machines were hand-guided which meant the operator had to synchronise the speed of their hands with that of the machine motor. Fast hands and slow motor meant big stitches. Slow hands and fast motor meant small stitches. Since just after the turn of the century, most longarm machines are now sold with stitch-regulation, which means that the operator no longer has to synchronize hand speed with that of the motor. Electronics in the machine ensure the stitch length remains constant. More recently, fully computerized machines are being sold. Fully computerized machines have been available for over 12 years. They were invented by Paul Statler but have only recently become popular. These machines use specialised machine-driver software and CAD-type drawing packages to enable pattern digitisation and automatic quilting. An operator is still required to mind the machine and set the pattern onto the quilt.

It is thought that over 10,000 longarm quilting machines are in use today. In the US, there are many brands available and many places to obtain training and few distributors and trainers in other countries where business quilters are more likely to travel to the States for ongoing longarm training.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Connecting Cultures Mobile Museum - Collection - US Hawaiian Quilt: "'Ulu" Design". www.connectingcultures.us. Retrieved 2017-07-12. 
  2. ^ Helen Page, The History of Patchwork and Quilting, 1999.
  3. ^ Hand quilting
  4. ^ Quilting in America 2003 edition
  5. ^ Quilting History
  6. ^ Pieper, Margo. "What Is a Jelly Roll?". My Favorite Quilt Store. My Favorite Quilt Store. Retrieved 9 July 2017. 
  7. ^ Pieper, Margo. "What Is a Jelly Roll?". My Favorite Quilt Store. My Favorite Quilt Store. Retrieved 9 July 2017. 
  8. ^ Pieper, Margo. "What Is a Jelly Roll?". My Favorite Quilt Store. My Favorite Quilt Store. Retrieved 9 July 2017. 
  9. ^ Pieper, Margo. "What Is a Jelly Roll?". My Favorite Quilt Store. My Favorite Quilt Store. Retrieved 9 July 2017. 
  10. ^ Pieper, Margo. "What Is a Jelly Roll?". My Favorite Quilt Store. My Favorite Quilt Store. Retrieved 9 July 2017. 
  11. ^ Pieper, Margo. "What Is a Jelly Roll?". My Favorite Quilt Store. My Favorite Quilt Store. Retrieved 9 July 2017. 
  12. ^ Pieper, Margo. "What Is a Jelly Roll?". My Favorite Quilt Store. My Favorite Quilt Store. Retrieved 9 July 2017. 
  13. ^ Pieper, Margo. "What Is a Jelly Roll?". My Favorite Quilt Store. My Favorite Quilt Store. Retrieved 9 July 2017. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

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