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The late, great Patrick White (p1). Feat. David Marr, Kerry Walker
The late, great Patrick White (p1). Feat. David Marr, Kerry Walker
::2013/05/03::
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The late, great Patrick White (p2). Feat. David Marr, Kerry Walker
The late, great Patrick White (p2). Feat. David Marr, Kerry Walker
::2013/05/03::
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The Life and Faith of Patrick White.mov
The Life and Faith of Patrick White.mov
::2012/05/27::
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PATRICK WHITE & TOXIC D BOILER ROOM-MUSIC CLUB-RUMIA
PATRICK WHITE & TOXIC D BOILER ROOM-MUSIC CLUB-RUMIA
::2013/08/25::
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Patrick White
Patrick White
::2013/04/19::
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Patrick White - On Anthos
Patrick White - On Anthos
::2014/03/03::
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WVU football - Patrick White (freshman year) vs. USF
WVU football - Patrick White (freshman year) vs. USF
::2007/08/10::
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8
One-on-one with Patrick White
One-on-one with Patrick White
::2008/06/27::
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9
Patrick White of Arcade Sunshine Media on multi-media books
Patrick White of Arcade Sunshine Media on multi-media books
::2011/10/11::
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Being With You music video Patrick White
Being With You music video Patrick White
::2013/08/19::
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DJ KRONE PATRICK WHITE PROMO TOKYO BRADFORD
DJ KRONE PATRICK WHITE PROMO TOKYO BRADFORD
::2013/06/05::
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12
Magic, Origin of grammar - Patrick White
Magic, Origin of grammar - Patrick White
::2013/12/15::
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13
110307 Grand Rapids Patrick White Gophers Hockey
110307 Grand Rapids Patrick White Gophers Hockey
::2011/06/13::
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PATRICK WHITE & DJ KRONE-TOKYO CLUB BRADFORD UK.
PATRICK WHITE & DJ KRONE-TOKYO CLUB BRADFORD UK.
::2013/04/15::
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15
Patrick white drift valley 4-5-14
Patrick white drift valley 4-5-14
::2014/04/07::
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Volontairement Bon / une entrevue avec Patrick White
Volontairement Bon / une entrevue avec Patrick White
::2012/08/24::
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17
2009 Mitey Mite - Patrick  "White Shoes" Handy
2009 Mitey Mite - Patrick "White Shoes" Handy
::2010/02/22::
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18
PATRICK WHITE & DJ KRONE-MAJÓWKA BRADFORD-TOKYO CLUB UK.
PATRICK WHITE & DJ KRONE-MAJÓWKA BRADFORD-TOKYO CLUB UK.
::2013/05/23::
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19
Patrick White - Week 5 - 2009
Patrick White - Week 5 - 2009
::2009/10/14::
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Patrick White
Patrick White's Riders in the Chariot - Kate Denise Hannah
::2013/09/08::
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The Eye Of The Storm (2011) Movie Trailer HD - TIFF
The Eye Of The Storm (2011) Movie Trailer HD - TIFF
::2011/08/31::
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22
Harold & Kumar At White Castle with Neil Patrick Harris
Harold & Kumar At White Castle with Neil Patrick Harris
::2012/12/06::
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23
Weston Patrick - White Lane (Byway, N-S)
Weston Patrick - White Lane (Byway, N-S)
::2013/08/18::
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24
Oroma   Patrick White Wedding Short Film ....BY EvE27FILMS..
Oroma Patrick White Wedding Short Film ....BY EvE27FILMS..
::2014/04/22::
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25
Patrick White Forgiven by God
Patrick White Forgiven by God
::2008/07/23::
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Patrick White
Patrick White
::2007/12/12::
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William Yang
William Yang's portrait of Patrick White
::2014/05/19::
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Patrick White Orange Loop 9/22/13
Patrick White Orange Loop 9/22/13
::2014/03/11::
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29
Nigeria best white wedding video..Oroma & Patrick....
Nigeria best white wedding video..Oroma & Patrick....
::2014/04/15::
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30
Patrick White,
Patrick White, '11
::2014/01/06::
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31
Patrick White explains the difference between Prose and Poetry
Patrick White explains the difference between Prose and Poetry
::2014/03/03::
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Patrick White interview part 1 Dec 9, 2013
Patrick White interview part 1 Dec 9, 2013
::2013/12/17::
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33
Larry & Tony Patrick-White Oak On The Hill (Ralph Stanley)
Larry & Tony Patrick-White Oak On The Hill (Ralph Stanley)
::2012/03/08::
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34
"Fare Thee Well" - A Tribute to Patrick E. White
"Fare Thee Well" - A Tribute to Patrick E. White
::2013/06/13::
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35
SVC2Baltics 2013 Patrick White "The True Story of an Enterprise Software Startup"
SVC2Baltics 2013 Patrick White "The True Story of an Enterprise Software Startup"
::2013/12/14::
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36
Via Patrick White - Escalada no Irmão Maior do Leblon
Via Patrick White - Escalada no Irmão Maior do Leblon
::2014/04/16::
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37
ProMedica Physicians: Patrick White, MD, FACS
ProMedica Physicians: Patrick White, MD, FACS
::2013/06/19::
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38
TOXIC D B-DAY PARTY 2013 @ RESTAURACJA SŁONECZNA - MARGO - PATRICK WHITE - SEVER PRAS
TOXIC D B-DAY PARTY 2013 @ RESTAURACJA SŁONECZNA - MARGO - PATRICK WHITE - SEVER PRAS
::2014/08/03::
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39
Patrick White, Rick Story and Hamza Salim Snow Day Workout for UFC 171
Patrick White, Rick Story and Hamza Salim Snow Day Workout for UFC 171
::2014/02/08::
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40
2012 ACT International Open - JUDO - Sam Patrick (White) Vs. Jonas Fisher (Blue)
2012 ACT International Open - JUDO - Sam Patrick (White) Vs. Jonas Fisher (Blue)
::2012/02/16::
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41
"Loder the Exploder" - Sung by Josh Burton (Oliver Gildea and Patrick White on backup)
"Loder the Exploder" - Sung by Josh Burton (Oliver Gildea and Patrick White on backup)
::2014/05/16::
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Cafe Olimp (Patrick White-Live Set 2010.10.02).avi
Cafe Olimp (Patrick White-Live Set 2010.10.02).avi
::2010/10/03::
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Cal State Online Business Student Patrick White
Cal State Online Business Student Patrick White
::2014/05/06::
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VOTE RIGHT  - VOTE PATRICK WHITE!
VOTE RIGHT - VOTE PATRICK WHITE!
::2012/06/08::
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Sarnia Sting Training Camp - August 26, 2013 (Patrick White Goal)
Sarnia Sting Training Camp - August 26, 2013 (Patrick White Goal)
::2013/08/27::
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Long Black Train-Brian O. Walden, Patrick J. White-bekhit
Long Black Train-Brian O. Walden, Patrick J. White-bekhit
::2013/10/10::
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I can
I can't sleep read by Patrick White
::2013/12/14::
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Patrick White occupys Perth
Patrick White occupys Perth
::2013/12/18::
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CONCORDIA PATRICK WHITE.mpg
CONCORDIA PATRICK WHITE.mpg
::2010/06/17::
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Patrick White Goal (Sarnia Sting Training Camp) - August 27, 2013
Patrick White Goal (Sarnia Sting Training Camp) - August 27, 2013
::2013/08/27::
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RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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For other people named Patrick White, see Patrick White (disambiguation).
Patrick White
Patrick White 1973.jpg
Born Patrick Victor Martindale White
(1912-05-28)28 May 1912
Knightsbridge, London
Died 30 September 1990(1990-09-30) (aged 78)
Sydney
Occupation Novelist, playwright, poet, short-story writer, essayist
Language English
Nationality Australian
Education Bachelor of Arts
Alma mater University of Cambridge
Period 1935–87
Notable awards

Miles Franklin Literary Award
1957 Voss
1961 Riders in the Chariot
Australian of the Year Award
1973

Nobel Prize in Literature
1973
Partner Manoly Lascaris (1912–2003)

Patrick Victor Martindale White (28 May 1912 – 30 September 1990) was an English-born Australian writer who is widely regarded as one of the most important English-language novelists of the 20th century. From 1935 until his death, he published 12 novels, three short-story collections and eight plays.

White's fiction employs humour, florid prose, shifting narrative vantage points and a stream of consciousness technique. In 1973, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature,[1] the first Australian to have been awarded the prize.[note 1]

Childhood and adolescence[edit]

White was born in Knightsbridge, London, to an English-Australian father, Victor Martindale White and an English mother, Ruth, in their apartment overlooking Hyde Park, London at 11 am on 28 May 1912.[2] His family moved to Sydney, Australia when he was six months old. As a child he lived in a flat with his sister, a nanny, and a maid, while his parents lived in an adjoining flat.

At the age of four White developed asthma, a condition that had taken the life of his maternal grandfather. White's health was fragile throughout his childhood, which precluded his participation in many childhood activities.[3]

He loved the theatre, which he first visited at an early age (his mother took him to see the Merchant of Venice at the age of six). This love was expressed at home when he performed private rites in the garden and danced for his mother’s friends.[4]

At the age of five he attended kindergarten at Sandtoft in Woollahra.[5]

At the age of ten, White was sent to Tudor House School, a boarding school in the Southern Highlands of New South Wales, in an attempt to abate his asthma. It took him some time to adjust to the presence of other children. At boarding school he started to write plays. Even at this early age, White wrote about palpably adult themes. In 1924, the boarding school ran into financial trouble and the headmaster suggested that White be sent to a public school in England, a suggestion his parents accepted.[6]

White struggled to adjust to his new surroundings at Cheltenham College, in Gloucestershire. He later described it as "a four-year prison sentence".[7] White withdrew socially and had a limited circle of acquaintances. Occasionally, he would holiday with his parents at European locations, but their relationship remained distant.

While at school in London, White made one close friend, Ronald Waterall, an older boy who shared similar interests. White's biographer, David Marr, wrote that "the two men would walk, arm-in-arm, to London shows; and stand around stage doors crumbing for a glimpse of their favourite stars, giving a practical demonstration of a chorus girl's high kick ... with appropriate vocal accompaniment". When Waterall left school, White withdrew again. He asked his parents if he could leave school to become an actor. The parents compromised and allowed him to finish school early on the condition that he come home to Australia to try life on the land. His parents felt that he should work on the land rather than become a writer, and hoped that his work as a jackaroo would temper his artistic ambitions.[8]

White spent two years working as a stockman at Bolaro, a station of 73-square-kilometre (28 sq mi) near Adaminaby on the edge of the Snowy Mountains in south-eastern Australia. Although he grew to respect the land and his health improved, it was clear that he was not cut out for this life.[9]

Travelling the world[edit]

From 1932 to 1935, White lived in England, studying French and German literature at King's College, Cambridge University. His homosexuality took a toll on his first term academic performance, in part because he developed a romantic attraction to a young man who had come to King's College to become an Anglican priest. White dared not speak of his feelings for fear of losing the friendship and, like many homosexual men of that period, feared that his sexuality would doom him to a lonely life. Then one night, the student priest, after an awkward liaison with two women, admitted to White that women meant nothing to him sexually. This became White's first love affair.

During White's time at Cambridge he published a collection of poetry entitled The Ploughman and Other Poems, and wrote a play named Bread and Butter Women, which was later performed by an amateur group (which included his sister Suzanne) at the tiny Bryant's Playhouse in Sydney.[10] After being admitted to the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1935, White briefly settled in London, where he lived in an area that was frequented by artists. Here, the young author thrived creatively for a time, writing several unpublished works and reworking Happy Valley, a novel that he had written while jackarooing. In 1937, White's father died, leaving him ten thousand pounds in inheritance. The fortune enabled him to write full-time in relative comfort. Two more plays followed before he succeeded in finding a publisher for Happy Valley. The novel was received well in London, but poorly in Australia. He began writing another novel, Nightside, but abandoned it before its completion after receiving negative comments—a decision that he later admitted regretting.

In 1936 White met the painter Roy de Maistre, 18 years his senior, who became an important influence in his life and work. The two men never became lovers, but remained firm friends. In Patrick White's own words "He became what I most needed, an intellectual and aesthetic mentor". They had many similarities. They were both homosexual; they both felt like outsiders in their own families; as a result they both had ambivalent feelings about their families and backgrounds, yet both maintained close and lifelong links with their families, particularly their mothers. They also both appreciated the benefits of social standing and connections; and Christian symbolism and biblical themes are common in both artists' work.[11] Patrick White dedicated his first novel Happy Valley to de Maistre, and acknowledged de Maistre's influence on his writing. In 1947 de Maistre's painting Figure in a Garden (The Aunt) was used as the cover for the first edition of White's The Aunt's Story. White also bought many of de Maistre's paintings for himself. In 1974 White gave all his paintings by de Maistre to the Art Gallery of New South Wales.

Towards the end of the 1930s, White spent time in the United States, including Cape Cod, Massachusetts, and New York City, where he wrote The Living and the Dead. By the time World War II broke out, he had returned to London and joined the British Royal Air Force. He was accepted as an intelligence officer, and was posted to the Middle East. He served in Egypt, Palestine, and Greece before the war was over. While in the Middle East, he had an affair with a Greek army officer, Manoly Lascaris, who was to become his life partner.[12]

Growth of White's writing career[edit]

Voss (1957). The cover art was the first of several works produced especially for White's novels by Australian artist Sidney Nolan.

After the war White once again returned to Australia, buying an old house in Castle Hill, now a Sydney suburb but then semi-rural. Here he settled down with Lascaris, the Greek he had met during the war. They lived there for 18 years, selling flowers, vegetables, milk, and cream, as well as pedigreed puppies.[13] During these years he started to make a reputation for himself as a writer, publishing The Aunt's Story and The Tree of Man in the US in 1955 and shortly after in the UK. The Tree of Man was released to rave reviews in the US, but, in what was to become a typical pattern, was panned in Australia. White had doubts about whether to continue writing after his books were largely dismissed in Australia (three of them having been called ‘un-Australian’ by critics), but, in the end, decided to persevere. His first breakthrough in Australia came when his next novel, Voss, won the inaugural Miles Franklin Literary Award.

In 1961, White published Riders in the Chariot. This was to become both a bestseller and a prize-winner, gaining him a second Miles Franklin Award. In 1963, White and Lascaris decided to sell the house at Castle Hill that they had named "Dogwoods". A number of White's works from the 1960s depict the fictional town of Sarsaparilla, including his collection of short stories, The Burnt Ones, and the play, The Season at Sarsaparilla. By now, he had clearly established his reputation as one of the world's great authors, but remained an essentially private person, resisting opportunities for interviews and public appearances, although his circle of friends had widened significantly.

In 1968, White wrote The Vivisector, a searing character portrait of an artist. Many people drew links to the Sydney painter John Passmore (1904–84) and White's friend, the painter Sidney Nolan, but White denied these connections. Patrick White was an art collector who had, as a young man, been deeply impressed by his friends Roy De Maistre and Francis Bacon, and later said he wished he had been an artist.[14] White's elaborate, idiosyncratic prose was a writer's attempt to emulate painting. By the mid sixties he had also become interested in encouraging dozens of young and less established artists, such as James Clifford, Erica McGilchrist, and Lawrence Daws.[14] White was later friends with Brett Whiteley, the young star of Australian painting, in the 1970s. That friendship ended when White felt that Whiteley, a heroin addict, was deceitful and pushy about selling his paintings.[14] A portrait of White by Louis Kahan won the 1962 Archibald Prize.[15]

White decided not to accept any more prizes for his work, and declined both the $10,000 Britannia Award and another Miles Franklin Award. White was approached by Harry M. Miller to work on a screenplay for Voss, but nothing came of it. He became an active opponent of literary censorship and joined a number of other public figures in signing a statement of defiance against Australia’s decision to participate in the Vietnam War.

Patrick White's house Highbury, at 20 Martin Road, Centennial Park, Sydney

In 1973, White was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, "for an epic and psychological narrative art, which has introduced a new continent into literature". His cause was said to have been championed by a Scandinavian diplomat resident in Australia.[16] White enlisted Sidney Nolan to travel to Stockholm to accept the prize on his behalf. The award had an immediate impact on his career, as his publisher doubled the print run for The Eye of the Storm and gave him a larger advance for his next novel. White used the money from the prize to establish a trust to fund the Patrick White Award, given annually to established creative writers who have received little public recognition. He was invited by the House of Representatives to be seated on the floor of the House in recognition of his achievement. White declined, explaining that his nature could not easily adapt itself to such a situation.[17] The last time such an invitation had been extended was in 1928, to Bert Hinkler.

White was made Australian of the Year for 1974,[18] but in a typically rebellious fashion, his acceptance speech encouraged Australians to spend the day reflecting on the state of the country. Privately, he was less than enthusiastic about it. In a letter to Marshall Best on 27 January 1974, he wrote: "Something terrible happened to me last week. There is an organisation which chooses an Australian of the Year, who has to appear at an official lunch in Melbourne Town Hall on Australia Day. This year I was picked on as they had run through all the swimmers, tennis players, yachtsmen".[citation needed]

Twilight years[edit]

White and Lascaris hosted many dinner parties at Highbury, their Centennial Park home, in a leafy part of the affluent Eastern suburbs of Sydney. In Patrick White, A Life, his biographer David Marr portrays White as a genial host but one who easily fell out with friends. Barrister Roderick Meagher, QC, despised White and described him as a "great shit." He said White was terribly cruel to other people and as rude as he could possibly be; rude to all sorts of people who did not deserve it.[19]

He got on with critics personally as long as they praised his work. The Sydney Morning Herald drama critic H. G. Kippax was an early champion, being one of the few critics who wrote favourably of The Ham Funeral. Of its 1961 Adelaide premiere, he wrote that the play ... brilliantly suggests a way out of the impasse in which the Australian drama finds itself. After the 1962 Sydney premiere, he wrote: I am not going to mince words or hedge against the future. I believe the professional performance of The Ham Funeral at the Palace ... is an epoch-making event.[20] But he and White fell out over more negative critiques of some later White plays. David Marr writes that Kippax "had come to think all White's later plays were trash".[21] For his part, White now regarded Kippax as a "deadhead".[22] They also had diametrically opposing views of the plays of Louis Nowra - what Kippax loved in Nowra, White was sure to hate; and vice-versa.

White supported the conservative, business oriented Liberal Party of Australia until the election of Gough Whitlam's Labor government and, following the 1975 Australian constitutional crisis, became particularly anti-royalist, making a rare appearance on national television to broadcast his views on the matter. White also publicly expressed his admiration for the historian Manning Clark, satirist Barry Humphries, and unionist Jack Mundey.

During the 1970s, White's health began to deteriorate—his teeth were crumbling, his eyesight was failing, and he had chronic lung problems. He was among the first group of Companions of the Order of Australia in 1975, but resigned in June 1976 in protest at the dismissal of the Whitlam government in November 1975 by the Governor-General Sir John Kerr.[23] In 1979, his novel The Twyborn Affair was short-listed for the Booker Prize, but White requested that it be removed to give younger writers a chance to win. (The prize was won by Penelope Fitzgerald, who ironically was just four years younger than White.) Soon after, White announced that he had written his last novel, and that in the future, he would write only for radio or the stage.

Director Jim Sharman introduced himself to White while walking down a Sydney street, Sharman asking White if he could make a film of The Night the Prowler. White wrote the screenplay for the film.[24]

In 1981, White published his autobiography, Flaws in the Glass: a self-portrait, which explored issues about which he had publicly said little, such as his homosexuality, and his refusal to accept the Nobel Prize personally. On Palm Sunday, 1982, White addressed a crowd of 30,000 people, calling for a ban on uranium mining and for the destruction of nuclear weapons.

In 1986 White released one last novel, Memoirs of Many in One, though it was published under the pen name "Alex Xenophon Demirjian Gray" and edited by Patrick White. In the same year, Voss was turned into an opera, with music by Richard Meale and the libretto adapted by David Malouf. White refused to see it when it was first performed at the Adelaide Festival of Arts, because Queen Elizabeth II had been invited, and chose instead to see it later in Sydney. In 1987, White wrote Three Uneasy Pieces, with his musings on ageing and society's efforts to achieve aesthetic perfection. When David Marr finished his biography of White in July 1990, his subject spent nine days going over the details with him.

Patrick White died in Sydney on 30 September 1990.

Legacy[edit]

Patrick White and Christina Stead continue to be widely recognised as the foremost Australian novelists of the 20th century. His writing tackles existential questions as well as myriad human flaws, weaknesses and hypocrisies, and it is full of fresh and original metaphor. Admittedly, White's style is also often very condensed and perhaps at first somewhat difficult to approach – such noted writers as Robert Hughes and David Malouf have expressed their difficulties with some of White's writing. Nevertheless, Patrick White's greatness as a novelist remains undoubted.

In 2010 White received posthumous recognition for his novel The Vivisector, which was shortlisted for the Lost Man Booker Prize for 1970.[25][26]

In 2009, The Sydney Theatre Company staged White's play The Season at Sarsaparilla. In 2011 Fred Schepisi's film of The Eye of the Storm was released with screenplay adaptation by Judy Morris, Geoffrey Rush playing the (White-like?) son Basil, Judy Davis as the daughter Dorothy, and Charlotte Rampling as the dying matriarch Elizabeth Hunter. This is the first screen realisation of a White novel, fittingly the one that played a key role in the Swedish panel's choice of White as Nobel prize winner.

List of works[edit]

Ancestry[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
16. James White I
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8. James White II
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
17. Jane Baker
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. Francis "Honest Frank" White
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9. Sarah Crossman
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2. Victor "Dick" Martindale White
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10. John Cobb
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5. Mary Hannah B. Cobb
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11. Maria
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. Patrick Victor Martindale White
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
18. William Withycombe
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12. Robert Withycombe
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
19. Joanna
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6. James Withycombe
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
20. James White I (=16)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
13. Ann White
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
21. Jane Baker (=17)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3. Ruth Withycombe
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
14. William Lipscomb(e)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7. Winnifred Jane Lipscomb(e)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
15. Caroline Griffin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Honours and awards[edit]

In 1970 Patrick White was offered a knighthood, but declined it.[27]

Both White and Nugget Coombs were members of the first group of 6 people appointed Companion of the Order of Australia (AC) in the civil division, (now called the general division). The awards were announced in the 1975 Queen's Birthday Honours List.[28] They both resigned from the order in 1976 when the Knight of the Order of Australia (AK) was created.[29]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ J. M. Coetzee also won the award in 2003 as a South African citizen, before becoming an Australian citizen in 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Australian Nobel Prize Winners". Whitehat.com.au. 2 December 2006. Retrieved 1 September 2011. 
  2. ^ Marr, David (1991). Patrick White, a life. Milsons Point, NSW: Random House. p. 4. ISBN 0091825857. 
  3. ^ "Patrick White - Biographical". website. Nobelprize.org. Retrieved 5 December 2013. 
  4. ^ Marr, David (1991). Patrick White, a life. Milsons Point, NSW: Random House. pp. 37–38. ISBN 0091825857. 
  5. ^ Marr, David (1991). Patrick White, a life. Milsons Point, NSW: Random House. p. 33. ISBN 0091825857. 
  6. ^ Marr, David (1991). Patrick White, a life. Milsons Point, NSW: Random House. pp. 57–66. ISBN 0091825857. 
  7. ^ "Patrick White". Retrieved 18 December 2011. 
  8. ^ Marr, David (1991). Patrick White, a life. Milsons Point, NSW: Random House. ISBN 0091825857. 
  9. ^ Marr, David (1991). Patrick White, a life. Milsons Point, NSW: Random House. pp. 93–99. ISBN 0091825857. 
  10. ^ "Social and Personal" Sydney Morning Herald 7 February 1935 p.13. Retrieved 27 November 2012.
  11. ^ Roy de Mestre and Patrick White. Retrieved 27 November 2012.
  12. ^ Webby, Elizabeth (2000). The Cambridge Companion to Australian Literature. Cambridge University Press. p. 235. ISBN 0-521-65843-8. 
  13. ^ Jones, Philip (8 December 2003). "Manoly Lascaris: Patrick White's devoted companion, and a source of good stories for his novels". The Guardian (UK). 
  14. ^ a b c Hewitt, Helen Verity: Patrick White, Painter Manque. Carlton, Vic. : Miegunyah Press, 2002. ISBN 0-522-85032-4
  15. ^ Portrait of Patrick White, (1962) by Louis Kahan, artgallery.nsw.gov.au. Retrieved 18 November 2011.
  16. ^ Wendy Lewis, Simon Balderstone and John Bowan (2006). Events That Shaped Australia. New Holland. pp. 244–247. ISBN 978-1-74110-492-9. 
  17. ^ Gavin Souter, Acts of Parliament, p. 516
  18. ^ Lewis, Wendy (2010). Australians of the Year. Pier 9 Press. ISBN 978-1-74196-809-5. 
  19. ^ Sydney Morning Herald, 24 May 2012, p.11
  20. ^ David Marr, Patrick White: A Life, p. 394
  21. ^ David Marr, Patrick White: A Life, p. 626
  22. ^ David Marr, Patrick White: A Life, p. 6i6
  23. ^ Patrick White, Patrick White Speaks. (Retrieved 12 April 2014.) Note: It is often stated that Patrick White resigned from the Order of Australia for the same reason that "Nugget" Coombs did, namely, in protest at the introduction of the level of Knight and Dame into the order in May 1976. It is true that White's resignation came after that event, but it was not because of it. According to his own testimony, White's reason was the dismissal of the elected government of Gough Whitlam by the Governor-General Sir John Kerr in November 1975. Kerr had been influential in persuading White to accept the award in the first place.
  24. ^ Marr, David. Patrick White: A Life. Random House Australia, Sydney, 1991.
  25. ^ "Australian authors shortlisted for lost Man Booker Prize". The Sydney Morning Herald. 26 March 2010. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  26. ^ Sorensen, Rosemary (27 March 2010). "Patrick White on 'Lost Booker' shortlist". The Australian. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  27. ^ Marr, David (1991). Patrick White, a life. Milsons Point, NSW: Random House. p. 516. ISBN 0091825857. 
  28. ^ Queen's Birthday Honours List 1975, Commonwealth Gazette, hosted at Governor General's website.
  29. ^ Comments about the award and the resignations are made in "Nugget" Coombs, Australian Academy of Science, and Patrick White, Australian Dictionary of Biography.

Further reading[edit]

  • A Conversation with Patrick White, Australian Writers in Profile, Southerly, No.3 1973
  • Barry Argyle, Patrick White, Writers and Critics Series, Oliver and Boyd, London, 1967
  • Peter Beatson, The Eye in the Mandala, Patrick White: A Vision of Man and God, Barnes & Noble, London, 1976
  • John Docker, Patrick White and Romanticism: The Vivisector, Southerly, No.1, 1973
  • Simon During, Patrick White, Oxford University Press, Melbourne, VIC, 1996.
  • Helen Verity Hewitt, Patrick White and the Influence of the Visual Arts in his Work, Doctoral Thesis, Dept. of English, University of Melbourne, 1995.
  • Holland, Patrick (27 May 2002). "Patrick White (1912–1990)". glbtq.com. Retrieved 21 June 2007. 
  • Clayton Joyce (ed.) Patrick White: A Tribute, Angus & Robertson, Harper Collins, North Ryde, 1991.
  • Brian Kiernan, Patrick White, Macmillan Commonwealth Writers Series, The Macmillan Press, London, 1980.
  • Alan Lawson (ed.) Patrick White: Selected Writings, University of Queensland Press, St. Lucia, 1994
  • David Marr, Patrick White – A Life, Random House Australia, Sydney, 1991.
  • David Marr (ed.), Patrick White Letters, Random House Australia, Sydney, 1994.
  • Irmtraud Petersson, ‘’New "Light" on Voss: The Significance of its Title’’, World Literature Written in English 28.2 (Autumn 1988) 245-59.
  • Laurence Steven, Dissociation and Wholeness in Patrick White's Fiction, Wilfrid Laurier University Press, Ontario, 1989.
  • McMahon, Elizabeth, Remembering Patrick White : contemporary critical essays, Rodopi, Amsterdam, New York, 2010.
  • Patrick White, Patrick White Speaks, Primavera Press, Sydney, Publisher Paul Brennan, 1989.
  • Sasse, Stephen Michael, Companion notes to the Aunt's story by Patrick White, WriteLight, 2012.
  • Vanden Drissen, Cynthia, Writing the nation : Patrick White and the indigene, Rodopi, Amsterdam, New York, 2009.
  • William Yang, Patrick White: The Late Years, PanMacmillan Australia, 1995

External links[edit]

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