Paul Davies - The eerie silence: Are we alone in the Universe?

Channel: ANUchannel   |   2012/06/13
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Paul Davies - The eerie silence: Are we alone in the Universe?
Paul Davies - The eerie silence: Are we alone in the Universe?
::2012/06/13::
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2
Are We Alone in the Universe? John Lennox vs. Paul Davies
Are We Alone in the Universe? John Lennox vs. Paul Davies
::2013/09/23::
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3
Paul Davies - Can We Survive Alien Biospheres?
Paul Davies - Can We Survive Alien Biospheres?
::2013/06/16::
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4
Cancer from a physicist
Cancer from a physicist's perspective: a new theory of cancer
::2013/06/19::
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5
Dr. Paul Davies - 14th International Mars Society Convention
Dr. Paul Davies - 14th International Mars Society Convention
::2011/11/05::
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6
Paul Davies, Life & Free Will, FQXi conference 2014 in Vieques
Paul Davies, Life & Free Will, FQXi conference 2014 in Vieques
::2014/02/25::
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7
Paul Davies: The Search for Intelligent Life
Paul Davies: The Search for Intelligent Life
::2010/06/18::
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8
Quantum Biology: Current Status and Opportunities - Paul Davies Keynote
Quantum Biology: Current Status and Opportunities - Paul Davies Keynote
::2013/07/22::
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9
Paul Davies on an Ultimate Explanation Part 1/5
Paul Davies on an Ultimate Explanation Part 1/5
::2008/06/10::
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10
Paul Davies on the MULTIVERSE
Paul Davies on the MULTIVERSE
::2011/10/19::
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11
Paul Davies: questioning the universe
Paul Davies: questioning the universe
::2012/08/06::
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12
Are we alone in the universe? Dr Charley Lineweaver and Professor Paul Davies
Are we alone in the universe? Dr Charley Lineweaver and Professor Paul Davies
::2012/05/31::
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13
Why is the Universe the way it is? Hugh Ross vs. Paul Davies
Why is the Universe the way it is? Hugh Ross vs. Paul Davies
::2013/10/09::
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14
Closer To Truth Asks Paul Davies: Is Consciousness Fundamental?
Closer To Truth Asks Paul Davies: Is Consciousness Fundamental?
::2014/04/06::
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Paul Davies - Quantum Biology: Current Status and Opportunities
Paul Davies - Quantum Biology: Current Status and Opportunities
::2013/07/22::
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16
Origin Symposium I - Paul Davies - EN
Origin Symposium I - Paul Davies - EN
::2011/09/02::
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17
Rough Cut: Paul Davies on the origin of life
Rough Cut: Paul Davies on the origin of life
::2010/01/25::
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18
Talk to an Astrobiologist - Dr. Paul Davies
Talk to an Astrobiologist - Dr. Paul Davies
::2013/03/18::
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19
Paul Davies on time travel: Can it really be done?
Paul Davies on time travel: Can it really be done?
::2012/02/20::
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How to Build A Time Machine - Paul Davies (SETI Talks)
How to Build A Time Machine - Paul Davies (SETI Talks)
::2012/04/08::
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21
Paul Davies - II Congreso del Futuro
Paul Davies - II Congreso del Futuro
::2013/01/18::
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41. Paul Davies Takes Questions - Beyond Belief 2006
41. Paul Davies Takes Questions - Beyond Belief 2006
::2011/01/15::
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MULTIVERSE PANEL with Paul Davies, Anthony Aguirre, Max Tegmark, Raphael Bousso
MULTIVERSE PANEL with Paul Davies, Anthony Aguirre, Max Tegmark, Raphael Bousso
::2012/01/28::
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38. Paul Davies (1 of 3) - Beyond Belief 2006
38. Paul Davies (1 of 3) - Beyond Belief 2006
::2011/01/15::
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Paul Davies Harmonica Lesson and Interview @ SPAH Convention for Harmonica.com
Paul Davies Harmonica Lesson and Interview @ SPAH Convention for Harmonica.com
::2012/11/10::
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Paul Davies and Laurence Rockefeller
Paul Davies and Laurence Rockefeller
::2011/06/20::
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Paul Davies
Paul Davies
::2013/10/07::
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Paul Davies
Paul Davies
::2013/02/22::
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Paul Davies on an Ultimate Explanation Part 3/5
Paul Davies on an Ultimate Explanation Part 3/5
::2008/06/10::
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DWF Partner Paul Davies
DWF Partner Paul Davies
::2013/05/14::
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Paul Davies Estate Planning Trust
Paul Davies Estate Planning Trust
::2013/12/02::
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Paul Davis-I go Crazy
Paul Davis-I go Crazy
::2007/09/09::
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Paul Davies - The Eerie Silence - Part 1 of 2
Paul Davies - The Eerie Silence - Part 1 of 2
::2010/04/14::
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Paul Davies on an Ultimate Explanation Part 2/5
Paul Davies on an Ultimate Explanation Part 2/5
::2008/06/10::
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Dr Alan Roberts - Paul Davies
Dr Alan Roberts - Paul Davies' The Goldilocks Enigma. (June 2013)
::2013/07/02::
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36
Paul Davies on an Ultimate Explanation Part 5/5
Paul Davies on an Ultimate Explanation Part 5/5
::2008/06/10::
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Paul Davies  on Big Bangs
Paul Davies on Big Bangs
::2008/12/29::
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38
Interview: Paul Davies
Interview: Paul Davies
::2013/05/21::
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39
Time travel, Worm hole, billiard ball
Time travel, Worm hole, billiard ball' paradox, Timelessly. (re Paul Davies- New scientist article)
::2013/11/21::
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40
Howard Levy chats with Paul Davies
Howard Levy chats with Paul Davies
::2010/12/09::
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Doc Ita - Paul Davies - La mente di Dio - parte 1 (Audiobook)
Doc Ita - Paul Davies - La mente di Dio - parte 1 (Audiobook)
::2012/08/13::
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Scheepsjournaal: The Origin of Life. Een gesprek met Paul Davies
Scheepsjournaal: The Origin of Life. Een gesprek met Paul Davies
::2010/01/25::
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Manic Depression Jimi Hendrix cover by Paul Davies (Pabz)
Manic Depression Jimi Hendrix cover by Paul Davies (Pabz)
::2014/01/12::
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Paul Davies on an Ultimate Explanation Part 4/5
Paul Davies on an Ultimate Explanation Part 4/5
::2008/06/10::
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Paul Davies and Ronnie Shellist harmonica jam 1
Paul Davies and Ronnie Shellist harmonica jam 1
::2010/04/06::
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B.E 17 Paul Davies, Tasmania (10
B.E 17 Paul Davies, Tasmania (10')
::2007/11/30::
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Paul Davies artist
Paul Davies artist
::2010/03/09::
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Paul Davies Promo Video
Paul Davies Promo Video
::2013/04/03::
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Artist Encounters with Paul Davies
Artist Encounters with Paul Davies
::2008/09/03::
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39. Paul Davies (2 of 3) - Beyond Belief 2006
39. Paul Davies (2 of 3) - Beyond Belief 2006
::2011/01/15::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Paul Davies
Paul Davies.jpg
Paul Davies, September 2006
Born Paul Charles William Davies
(1946-04-22) 22 April 1946 (age 67)
London, UK
Nationality British
Fields Physicist
Institutions Arizona State University
University of Cambridge
University of Adelaide
Macquarie University
University of Newcastle
Alma mater University College London
Thesis Contributions to theoretical physics: (i) Radiation damping in the optical continuum; (ii) A quantum theory of Wheeler–Feynman electrodynamics (1970)
Doctoral advisor Michael J. Seaton[1]
Sigurd Zienau
Other academic advisors Fred Hoyle (as a postdoc)
Doctoral students Nicholas Birrell
Edmund Copeland
Kerry Hinton
Don Koks
Andrew Matacz
Carol Oliver
William Walker
Andy Wright[1]
Known for Fulling–Davies–Unruh effect
Bunch–Davies vacuum state
Notable awards Kelvin Medal (2001)
Faraday Prize (2002)
Templeton Prize (1995)
Website
http://cosmos.asu.edu/

Paul Charles William Davies, AM (born 22 April 1946) is an English physicist, writer and broadcaster, a professor at Arizona State University as well as the Director of BEYOND: Center for Fundamental Concepts in Science. He is affiliated with the Institute for Quantum Studies at Chapman University in California. He has held previous academic appointments at the University of Cambridge, University College London, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, University of Adelaide and Macquarie University. His research interests are in the fields of cosmology, quantum field theory, and astrobiology. He has proposed that a one-way trip to Mars could be a viable option.

In 2005, he took up the chair of the SETI: Post-Detection Science and Technology Taskgroup of the International Academy of Astronautics. He is also an adviser to the Microbes Mind Forum.

Education[edit]

Davies was brought up in Finchley, London, and attended Woodhouse Grammar School on Woodhouse Road. He then studied Physics at UCL, gaining a 1st class BSc in 1967.

In 1970, he completed his PhD under the supervision of Michael J. Seaton and Sigurd Zienau at University College London.[1][2] He then carried out postdoctoral research under Fred Hoyle at the University of Cambridge.

Scientific research[edit]

Davies' inquiries have included theoretical physics, cosmology, and astrobiology; his research has been mainly in the area of quantum field theory in curved spacetime. His notable contributions are the so-called Fulling–Davies–Unruh effect, according to which an observer accelerating through empty space will perceive a bath of thermal radiation, and the Bunch–Davies vacuum state, often used as the basis for explaining the fluctuations in the cosmic background radiation left over from the big bang. A paper co-authored with Stephen Fulling and William Unruh was the first to suggest that black holes evaporating via the Hawking effect lose mass as a result of a flux of negative energy streaming into the hole from the surrounding space. Davies has had a longstanding association with the problem of time's arrow, and was also an early proponent of the theory that life on Earth may have come from Mars cocooned in rocks ejected by asteroid and comet impacts. During his time in Australia he helped establish the Australian Centre for Astrobiology.

Davies was a co-author of Felisa Wolfe-Simon on the Science article "A Bacterium That Can Grow by Using Arsenic Instead of Phosphorus".[3] Reports refuting the most significant aspects of the original results were published in the same journal in 2012, including by researchers from the University of British Columbia and Princeton University.[4]

Davies is Principal Investigator at Arizona State University's Center for Convergence of Physical Science and Cancer Biology. This is part of a program set up by the National Institutes of Health's National Cancer Institute to involve physicists in cancer research which has set up a network of 12 Physical Sciences-Oncology Centers.[5][6][7]

Awards[edit]

Davies' talent as a communicator of science has been recognized in Australia by an Advance Australia Award and two Eureka Prizes, and in the UK by the 2001 Kelvin Medal and Prize by the Institute of Physics, and the 2002 Faraday Prize by The Royal Society. Davies received the Templeton Prize in 1995.

Davies was made a member of the Order of Australia in the 2007 Queen's birthday honours list.

The asteroid 6870 Pauldavies is named after him.

Media work[edit]

Davies writes and comments on scientific and philosophical issues. He made a documentary series for BBC Radio 3, and two Australian television series, The Big Questions and More Big Questions. His BBC documentary The Cradle of Life featured the subject of his Faraday Prize lecture. He writes regularly for newspapers and magazines worldwide. He has been guest on numerous radio and television programmes including the children podcast programme Ask A Biologist.

An opinion piece published in the New York Times,[8] generated controversy over its exploration of the role of faith in scientific inquiry. Davies argued that the faith scientists have in the immutability of physical laws has origins in Christian theology, and that the claim that science is "free of faith" is "manifestly bogus."[8] The Edge Foundation presented a criticism of Davies' article written by Jerry Coyne, Nathan Myhrvold, Lawrence Krauss, Scott Atran, Sean Carroll, Jeremy Bernstein, PZ Myers, Lee Smolin, John Horgan, Alan Sokal and a response by Davies beginning I was dismayed at how many of my detractors completely misunderstood what I had written. Indeed, their responses bore the hallmarks of a superficial knee-jerk reaction to the sight of the words "science" and "faith" juxtaposed.[9] While atheists Richard Dawkins[10] and Victor J. Stenger[11] have criticised Davies' public stance on science and religion, others including the John Templeton Foundation, have praised his work.

Davies wrote an article in the Wall Street Journal where he described the background to the 2 December 2010 arsenic bacteria press conference and stated that he supported the 'arsenic can replace phosphorus' idea of Felisa Wolfe-Simon because "I had the advantage of being unencumbered by knowledge. I dropped chemistry at the age of 16, and all I knew about arsenic came from Agatha Christie novels."[12] He also made the statement, "Well, I would be astonished if this was the only arsenic-based organism on Earth and Felisa just happened to scrape it up from the bottom of Mono Lake on the first try, It's quite clear that it is the tip of an iceberg. I think it's a window into a whole new world of microbiology. And as a matter of fact, she already has 20 or so candidate other organisms that we're very anxious to take a look at. I think we're going to see a whole new domain of life here." [13] In the same vein, in an article in The Guardian, Davies suggests that the origin of life will be uncovered through information theory rather than chemistry.[14] Concerns have been raised about his responsibility as one of Wolfe-Simon's co-authors.[15]

Popular culture[edit]

  • The novel Naive, Super, by Norwegian writer Erlend Loe (translated by Tor Ketil Solberg), published in 1996, refers to Davies frequently.
  • He has an Erdős Number of three.[16]
  • Numbers (season 5, episode 12) refers to Paul Davies' Cosmic Think Tank at Arizona State.
  • Lawrence Leung's Unbelievable (season 1, episode 3), Leung interviews Paul Davies on Alien abduction, where Paul admits to having experienced sleep paralysis.

Works[edit]

Popular books[edit]

Technical books[edit]

  • 1974 The Physics of Time Asymmetry
  • 1982 (with N. D. Birrell) Quantum Fields in Curved Space[17]
  • 1984 Quantum Mechanics, 1st edition; (with Paul S. Betts) 1994 2nd edition

Essays and papers[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Paul Davies at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
  2. ^ Davies, Paul (1970). Contributions to theoretical physics: (i) Radiation damping in the optical continuum; (ii) A quantum theory of Wheeler–Feynham electrodynamics (PhD thesis). University College London. (subscription required)
  3. ^ Wolfe-Simon, F.; Blum, J. S.; Kulp, T. R.; Gordon, G. W.; Hoeft, S. E.; Pett-Ridge, J.; Stolz, J. F.; Webb, S. M.; Weber, P. K.; Davies, P. C. W.; Anbar, A. D.; Oremland, R. S. (2011). "A Bacterium That Can Grow by Using Arsenic Instead of Phosphorus". Science 332 (6034): 1163–1166. doi:10.1126/science.1197258. PMID 21127214.  edit
  4. ^ Erb, T. J.; Kiefer, P.; Hattendorf, B.; Gunther, D.; Vorholt, J. A. (2012). "GFAJ-1 is an Arsenate-Resistant, Phosphate-Dependent Organism". Science 337 (6093): 467–470. doi:10.1126/science.1218455. PMID 22773139.  edit
  5. ^ "Center for Convergence of Physical Science and Cancer Biology". Retrieved 28 June 2013. 
  6. ^ Davies, Paul (18 November 2012). "Cancer can teach us about our own evolution". The Guardian. 
  7. ^ Davies, Paul (19 Jun 2013). "Cancer from a physicist's perspective: a new theory of cancer". New Scientist. 
  8. ^ a b Davies, Paul (2007-11-24). "Taking Science on Faith". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-10-02. 
  9. ^ Jerry Coyne, Nathan Myhrvold, Lawrence Krauss, Scott Atran, Sean Carroll, Jeremy Bernstein, PZ Myers, Lee Smolin, John Horgan, Alan Sokal. "On "Taking Science on Faith" by Paul C. Davies". Edge.org. Retrieved 2010-09-28. 
  10. ^ Richard Dawkins (2006). "A Deeply Religious Non-Believer". The God Delusion. Mariner Books. pp. 31–50. ISBN 978-0-618-91824-9. 
  11. ^ Victor J. Stenger. "Review of The Cosmic Blueprint". Science & Theology News. University of Colorado. 
  12. ^ Davies, Paul (4 December 2010). "The 'Give Me a Job' Microbe". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 5 December 2010. 
  13. ^ http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/scienceshow/bacterium-calls-for-biology-rewrite/2959830#transcript
  14. ^ http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2013/jan/13/secret-life-unveiled-chemistry-lab#start-of-comments
  15. ^ http://rrresearch.fieldofscience.com/2012/02/authorship-without-responsibility.html
  16. ^ AMS collaboration data base
  17. ^ Ørsted, Bent (1983). "Review: Quantum Fields in Curved Space, by N. D. Birrell and P. C. W. Davies". Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. (N.S.) 8 (3): 471–477. 

External links[edit]

Videos[edit]

On an Ultimate Explanation:

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