SPONSORED VIDEO
Play Video
1
Creating an Applique Letter in PE-Design Next
Creating an Applique Letter in PE-Design Next
::2012/09/19::
Play Video
2
La Lettre Pe, Letter Pe, Rav Dynovisz (French) n° 20120513.mp4
La Lettre Pe, Letter Pe, Rav Dynovisz (French) n° 20120513.mp4
::2013/01/15::
Play Video
3
PE-Design Mext - Manual punch letter
PE-Design Mext - Manual punch letter
::2014/10/18::
Play Video
4
Letter to the war_Scrisoare de pe front - S.D.S.T. World war 2(La segunda guerra mundial)
Letter to the war_Scrisoare de pe front - S.D.S.T. World war 2(La segunda guerra mundial)
::2011/02/13::
Play Video
5
An Open Letter to My High School P.E. Teacher
An Open Letter to My High School P.E. Teacher
::2014/08/19::
Play Video
6
Removing part of a letter in pe design 6
Removing part of a letter in pe design 6
::2013/12/30::
Play Video
7
Smiley Letter To You And Me
Smiley Letter To You And Me
::2014/01/15::
Play Video
8
THE LETTER TO THE CHURCH AT PERGAMOS - William (Bill) Wilson
THE LETTER TO THE CHURCH AT PERGAMOS - William (Bill) Wilson
::2013/08/30::
Play Video
9
1 -The Screwtape Letters (Narrated by John Cleese)
1 -The Screwtape Letters (Narrated by John Cleese)
::2011/09/09::
Play Video
10
Public Enemy - Black Steel In The Hour Of Chaos
Public Enemy - Black Steel In The Hour Of Chaos
::2010/08/27::
Play Video
11
The 6th Letter Ft. Raheem - Perfect [Prod. By Seven]
The 6th Letter Ft. Raheem - Perfect [Prod. By Seven]
::2010/11/18::
Play Video
12
A Thousand Years - Christina Perri Lyrics
A Thousand Years - Christina Perri Lyrics
::2011/11/20::
Play Video
13
Delicious 7 - Emily
Delicious 7 - Emily's True Love PE Playthough ~ Day 1 & 2 ''The Letter''
::2013/06/12::
Play Video
14
Skinny Letter C Alphabet Charm - Rainbow Loom, Wonder Loom, Crazy Loom, Bandaloom
Skinny Letter C Alphabet Charm - Rainbow Loom, Wonder Loom, Crazy Loom, Bandaloom
::2014/04/14::
Play Video
15
A LETTER TO MY YOUNGER SELF
A LETTER TO MY YOUNGER SELF
::2015/01/03::
Play Video
16
Smiley - Letter to You and Me (Live la Radio ZU)
Smiley - Letter to You and Me (Live la Radio ZU)
::2014/06/23::
Play Video
17
The Crucibles - The Letter
The Crucibles - The Letter
::2010/07/11::
Play Video
18
"CRAIG
"CRAIG'S LETTER.." | Diamond Dimensions Modded Survival #143 | Minecraft
::2014/10/01::
Play Video
19
Letters to Santa
Letters to Santa
::2014/12/15::
Play Video
20
Rodney Carrington - Dear Penis
Rodney Carrington - Dear Penis
::2008/12/25::
Play Video
21
A Faded Letter/Gillock
A Faded Letter/Gillock
::2014/09/22::
Play Video
22
FFG: The Letter WiiU (Análise)
FFG: The Letter WiiU (Análise)
::2014/09/20::
Play Video
23
Learn the Alphabet with Peppa Pig!
Learn the Alphabet with Peppa Pig!
::2013/01/23::
Play Video
24
[Official Video] Little Drummer Boy - Pentatonix
[Official Video] Little Drummer Boy - Pentatonix
::2013/11/25::
Play Video
25
Play Doh Chef Cookie Monster Letter Lunch Learn the ABC Alphabet With Cookie Monster Play Dough
Play Doh Chef Cookie Monster Letter Lunch Learn the ABC Alphabet With Cookie Monster Play Dough
::2013/06/22::
Play Video
26
Kid President
Kid President's Letter To A Person On Their First Day Here
::2014/01/23::
Play Video
27
Bryan Cranston
Bryan Cranston's Favorite Erotic Fan Letter
::2013/09/24::
Play Video
28
JAY Z "Open Letter"
JAY Z "Open Letter"
::2013/04/11::
Play Video
29
[MV] Bird Thongchai: Love Letter | 愛という言葉を書く | 寫“愛”這個詞 (Kian Kum Wah Ruk)
[MV] Bird Thongchai: Love Letter | 愛という言葉を書く | 寫“愛”這個詞 (Kian Kum Wah Ruk)
::2014/11/14::
Play Video
30
PLAY DOH Chef Cookie Monster Eats Letter Lunch Pizza From Meal Making Kitchen La Super Cucina
PLAY DOH Chef Cookie Monster Eats Letter Lunch Pizza From Meal Making Kitchen La Super Cucina
::2013/10/18::
Play Video
31
Man Facing Execution Pens Chilling Letter Full Of Truths You Can
Man Facing Execution Pens Chilling Letter Full Of Truths You Can't Deny
::2014/03/08::
Play Video
32
Grand Theft Auto V (GTA V) - All Letter Scrap Locations (A Mystery, Solved Trophy/Achievement Guide)
Grand Theft Auto V (GTA V) - All Letter Scrap Locations (A Mystery, Solved Trophy/Achievement Guide)
::2013/09/20::
Play Video
33
Don Trip - Letter To My Son ft. CeeLo Green
Don Trip - Letter To My Son ft. CeeLo Green
::2011/10/31::
Play Video
34
Kid President
Kid President's Pep Talk to Teachers and Students!
::2013/09/12::
Play Video
35
John Michael Montgomery -Letter From Home
John Michael Montgomery -Letter From Home
::2012/06/28::
Play Video
36
PLEASURE P - LETTER TO MY EX (OFFICIAL VIDEO)
PLEASURE P - LETTER TO MY EX (OFFICIAL VIDEO)
::2014/02/14::
Play Video
37
Nasheed | Arabic Alphabet Song with Zaky | HD
Nasheed | Arabic Alphabet Song with Zaky | HD
::2012/11/30::
Play Video
38
Sarkodie - Inflation (Letter To The Government)
Sarkodie - Inflation (Letter To The Government)
::2014/08/19::
Play Video
39
Katy Perry - Last Friday Night (T.G.I.F.)
Katy Perry - Last Friday Night (T.G.I.F.)
::2011/06/12::
Play Video
40
Editing a letter once converted to stitches
Editing a letter once converted to stitches
::2013/10/29::
Play Video
41
Anus Writes A Letter
Anus Writes A Letter
::2013/04/10::
Play Video
42
Letter Unfolds + Explode + PEI
Letter Unfolds + Explode + PEI
::2006/11/17::
Play Video
43
DJ Okawari - Luv Letter
DJ Okawari - Luv Letter
::2009/07/06::
Play Video
44
Christina Perri - Human Lyrics
Christina Perri - Human Lyrics
::2013/11/20::
Play Video
45
Aaliyah - 4 Page Letter
Aaliyah - 4 Page Letter
::2007/03/16::
Play Video
46
Romantic Comedy Movies   The Love Letter   English subtitles full movies
Romantic Comedy Movies The Love Letter English subtitles full movies
::2014/12/28::
Play Video
47
Letter of Introduction
Letter of Introduction
::2011/10/05::
Play Video
48
Seinfeld S3E21 - The Letter...on art
Seinfeld S3E21 - The Letter...on art
::2013/11/17::
Play Video
49
A Letter From Adam (Official Trailer)
A Letter From Adam (Official Trailer)
::2014/09/07::
Play Video
50
2pac-Tupac Letter To My UnBorn
2pac-Tupac Letter To My UnBorn
::2007/03/12::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the letter found in some Semitic alphabets. For the Cyrillic letter, see Pe (Cyrillic). For the Persian letter, see Pe (Persian letter).
peh
Phonemic representation p, f (was ɸ), w
Position in alphabet 17
Numerical value 80
Alphabetic derivatives of the Phoenician

Pe is the seventeenth letter in many Semitic abjads, including Phoenician, Aramaic, Hebrew Pei פ and Persian, Arabic fāʼ ف (in abjadi order).

The original sound value is a voiceless bilabial plosive: /p/; it retains this value in most Semitic languages except for Arabic, which having lost /p/ now uses it to render a voiceless labiodental fricative /f/.

The Phoenician letter gave rise to the Greek Pi (Π), Latin P, and Cyrillic П.

Origins[edit]

Pe is usually assumed to come from a pictogram of a mouth (in Hebrew pe; in Arabic, فاه fah).

Hebrew Pe[edit]

The Hebrew spelling is פֵּא. It is also romanized pey, especially when used in Yiddish.[1][2]

Orthographic variants
position in word Various print fonts Cursive Hebrew Rashi
script
Serif Sans-serif Monospaced
non final פ פ פ Hebrew letter Pe handwriting.svg Hebrew letter Pe-nonfinal Rashi.png
final ף ף ף Hebrew letter Pe-final handwriting.svg Hebrew letter Pe-final Rashi.png

Variations on written form/pronunciation[edit]

The letter Pe is one of the six letters which can receive a Dagesh Kal. The six are Bet, Gimel, Daleth, Kaph, Pe, and Tav.

There are two orthographic variants of this letter which indicate a different pronunciation:

Name Symbol IPA Transliteration as in the English word
Pe פּ /p/ p pan
Fe פ /f/ f fan

Pe with the dagesh[edit]

When the Pe has a "dot" in its center, known as a dagesh, it represents a voiceless bilabial plosive, /p/. There are various rules in Hebrew grammar that stipulate when and why a dagesh is used.

Fe[edit]

When Pe appears without the dagesh dot in its center (פ), then it usually represents a voiceless labiodental fricative /f/.

Final form of Pe/Fe[edit]

At the end of words, the letter's written form changes to a Pe/Fe Sophit (Final Pe/Fe):

  • ף This does not alter the pronunciation.

When a word in modern Hebrew borrowed from another language ends in /p/, a pe with a dagesh at the end of the word is used instead of the final form, as a word almost never ends with a letter containing a Dagesh, except for very few biblical exceptions. A Pe sofit is virtually non-existent in Hebrew and is not used in standard Yiddish orthography.

Significance[edit]

In gematria, Pe represents the number 80. Its final form represents 800 but this is rarely used, Tav written twice (400+400) being used instead.

Arabic fāʼ[edit]

The letter is named ﻓﺎء fāʾ. It is written is several ways depending in its position in the word:

Position in word: Isolated Final Medial Initial
Glyph form: ف ـف ـفـ فـ

Normally, the letter fāʼ renders /f/ sound, but may also be used some names and loanwords where it can render /v/, might be arabized as /f/ in accordance to its spelling, e.g., يُونِيلِفِر (Unilever). It may be used interchangeably with the modified letter - ve (with 3 dots above) in this case.

In the process of developing from Proto-Semitic, Proto-Semitic /p/ became Arabic /f/, and this is reflected in the use of the letter representing /p/ in other Semitic languages for /f/ in Arabic.

Examples on usage in Modern Standard Arabic:

  • Fāʾ-fatḥah (فَـ /fa/) is a multi-function prefix most commonly equivalent to "so" or "so that." For example: نَكْتُب naktub ("we write") → فَنَكْتُب fanaktub ("so we write").

Maghrebi variant[edit]

In the Maghreb, the dot in fāʼ is written underneath (ڢ). Once the prevalent style, it is now only used in Maghribi countries for writing Qur'an, with the exception of Libya, which adopted the Mashriqi form (dot above).

The Maghrebi alphabet has taken the shape of fa’ () to mean qāf instead.

Other similar letters[edit]

The unrelated letter pe پ is used in Persian.

For more details, see also Pe (Persian letter).
Code point Isolated Final Medial Initial Unicode character name (or descriptive synonyms used in the JoiningType and JoiningGroup datatables)
U+0641 ف ـف ـفـ فـ ARABIC LETTER FEH
U+06A1 ڡ ـڡ ـڡـ ڡـ ARABIC LETTER DOTLESS FEH
U+06A2 ڢ ـڢ ـڢـ ڢـ ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH DOT MOVED BELOW = MAGHRIBI FEH
U+06A3 ڣ ـڣ ـڣـ ڣـ ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH DOT BELOW
U+06A4 ڤ ـڤ ـڤـ ڤـ ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH 3 DOTS ABOVE = VEH
U+06A5 ڥ ـڥ ـڥـ ڥـ ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH 3 DOTS BELOW = MAGHRIBI VEH
U+06A6 ڦ ـڦ ـڦـ ڦـ ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH 4 DOTS ABOVE = PEHEH
U+0760 ݠ ـݠ ـݠـ ݠـ ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH 2 DOTS BELOW
U+0761 ݡ ـݡ ـݡـ ݡـ ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH 3 DOTS POINTING UPWARDS BELOW
U+08A4 ـࢤ ـࢤـ ࢤـ ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH DOT BELOW AND THREE DOTS ABOVE

Character encodings[edit]

Character פ ף ف ܦ
Unicode name HEBREW LETTER PE HEBERW LETTER FINAL PE ARABIC LETTER FEH SYRIAC LETTER PE SAMARITAN LETTER PI
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1508 U+05E4 1507 U+05E3 1601 U+0641 1830 U+0726 2064 U+0810
UTF-8 215 164 D7 A4 215 163 D7 A3 217 129 D9 81 220 166 DC A6 224 160 144 E0 A0 90
Numeric character reference פ פ ף ף ف ف ܦ ܦ ࠐ ࠐ
Character 𐎔 𐡐 𐤐
Unicode name UGARITIC LETTER PU IMPERIAL ARAMAIC LETTER PE PHOENICIAN LETTER PE
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 66452 U+10394 67664 U+10850 67856 U+10910
UTF-8 240 144 142 148 F0 90 8E 94 240 144 161 144 F0 90 A1 90 240 144 164 144 F0 90 A4 90
UTF-16 55296 57236 D800 DF94 55298 56400 D802 DC50 55298 56592 D802 DD10
Numeric character reference 𐎔 𐎔 𐡐 𐡐 𐤐 𐤐

References[edit]

  1. ^ Daniels, Peter T. (1996). The World's Writing Systems. Oxford University Press. p. 736. ISBN 978-0-19-507993-7. 
  2. ^ Kahn, Lily (2013). Colloquial Yiddish: The Complete Course for Beginners. Routledge. p. 3. ISBN 978-1-136-96779-5. 
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
MASHPEDIA
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014