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✔️Minecraft PE - COLORED TEXT! [+MORE!] || How to color text in MCPE [SECRET TIP]
✔️Minecraft PE - COLORED TEXT! [+MORE!] || How to color text in MCPE [SECRET TIP]
Published: 2016/03/10
Channel: AdventureGamingHQ | MCPE
Pe (letter)
Pe (letter)
Published: 2015/12/28
Channel: WikiAudio
Make Your Purchase Offer stronger with a Great Pe-Approval Letter
Make Your Purchase Offer stronger with a Great Pe-Approval Letter
Published: 2016/03/11
Channel: mortgagemagicca2
How To Build Letters In Minecraft - Minecraft PE (Pocket Edition)
How To Build Letters In Minecraft - Minecraft PE (Pocket Edition)
Published: 2016/01/11
Channel: The Android Miner
Public Enemy - Black Steel In The Hour Of Chaos
Public Enemy - Black Steel In The Hour Of Chaos
Published: 2010/08/27
Channel: PublicEnemyVEVO
pe...letter to mrs.a
pe...letter to mrs.a
Published: 2009/01/14
Channel: lovemra6
Qna on Marriage Talaq Kya Letter pe ya Paper  msg Likne se bhi Talaq hojengi  By Mufti Abu Baker by
Qna on Marriage Talaq Kya Letter pe ya Paper msg Likne se bhi Talaq hojengi By Mufti Abu Baker by
Published: 2015/07/29
Channel: wahab ibrahim
Dear Future Generations: Sorry
Dear Future Generations: Sorry
Published: 2015/04/20
Channel: Prince Ea
Ed Sheeran - Perfect [Official Lyric Video]
Ed Sheeran - Perfect [Official Lyric Video]
Published: 2017/09/22
Channel: Ed Sheeran
JAY-Z - The Story of O.J.
JAY-Z - The Story of O.J.
Published: 2017/07/05
Channel: JayZVEVO
Alif Ba Pe Urdu Alphabets
Alif Ba Pe Urdu Alphabets
Published: 2015/05/03
Channel: sana hafeez
Pe
Pe
Published: 2008/12/23
Channel: BKHebrew
Creating an Applique Letter in PE-Design Next
Creating an Applique Letter in PE-Design Next
Published: 2012/09/19
Channel: sewhandy
Minecraft Pe | ●How to make a moving letters on signs●
Minecraft Pe | ●How to make a moving letters on signs●
Published: 2017/01/19
Channel: MR.RG/ Mr.RedstoneGaming
17 Pe
17 Pe
Published: 2013/08/24
Channel: Andrew McClurg
Letter to King Pe$0 [Prod By Carter X & Yung Lan] - TruMuzik
Letter to King Pe$0 [Prod By Carter X & Yung Lan] - TruMuzik
Published: 2017/06/02
Channel: TruMuzik864
PE$O - Letter To Dot
PE$O - Letter To Dot
Published: 2017/01/17
Channel: Thug Life Audio
PE-Design 3D letters
PE-Design 3D letters
Published: 2015/12/22
Channel: Tony Embroidery
Amazing designs letter brother pe embroidery machine
Amazing designs letter brother pe embroidery machine
Published: 2016/07/11
Channel: Embroidery Designs
An Open Letter to My High School P.E. Teacher
An Open Letter to My High School P.E. Teacher
Published: 2014/08/19
Channel: zazoogah
HOW TO CHANGE TEXT COLOUR IN MINECRAFT PE! Android
HOW TO CHANGE TEXT COLOUR IN MINECRAFT PE! Android
Published: 2015/06/14
Channel: Rex-Reti//Videos4you-Clash/of/Clans
Custom Monogram demo on my Brother PE-770
Custom Monogram demo on my Brother PE-770
Published: 2014/08/13
Channel: Vince J. Arcuri
Zoey
Zoey's Letter to Me-Mere and Pe-Pere
Published: 2012/12/14
Channel: TheBiggyriggy
ニューヨークスタイルのおにぎりと焼き鳥でピクニックに!| A LETTER FROM NEW YORK
ニューヨークスタイルのおにぎりと焼き鳥でピクニックに!| A LETTER FROM NEW YORK
Published: 2016/06/26
Channel: ビデリシャス - おいしい動画 -
How to use [/title] command in Minecraft PE 1.1
How to use [/title] command in Minecraft PE 1.1
Published: 2017/03/12
Channel: Element X
Schoolgirl asks mother for a letter to get her off PE - and the one she wrote was just perfect
Schoolgirl asks mother for a letter to get her off PE - and the one she wrote was just perfect
Published: 2015/03/20
Channel: BNews
Pe Meaning
Pe Meaning
Published: 2015/04/13
Channel: SDictionary
FORGOT TO WRITE A LETTER TO MY PE TEACHER
FORGOT TO WRITE A LETTER TO MY PE TEACHER
Published: 2016/07/19
Channel: Michelewelle Vlogz
Tip: how to make your Minecraft signs letter colored on PE
Tip: how to make your Minecraft signs letter colored on PE
Published: 2015/07/07
Channel: KaZooZul
How to pronounce syllables with the letter
How to pronounce syllables with the letter 'P' in Spanish: pa, pe, pi, po, pu.
Published: 2016/12/10
Channel: Pronuncia en español / Pronounce in Spanish
Minecraft PE | How to Color,Bold and Italic Letters in ANDROID
Minecraft PE | How to Color,Bold and Italic Letters in ANDROID
Published: 2016/06/10
Channel: Helium_Gamer
Danow Plays PE: Ep. 31 ► Love-u Letter
Danow Plays PE: Ep. 31 ► Love-u Letter
Published: 2015/06/05
Channel: Danowsawa
How to join cursive alphabet letters pe
How to join cursive alphabet letters pe
Published: 2013/08/21
Channel: Teach Handwriting
Minecraft PE | How to write in colour text | Tutorials
Minecraft PE | How to write in colour text | Tutorials
Published: 2015/10/05
Channel: SpencerTG
PE-Design Mext - Manual punch letter
PE-Design Mext - Manual punch letter
Published: 2014/10/18
Channel: Tony Embroidery
Perfect Laser welders for sale PE W300II
Perfect Laser welders for sale PE W300II
Published: 2017/03/03
Channel: Perfectlaser China
How to get color letters in Minacrft pe
How to get color letters in Minacrft pe
Published: 2015/10/25
Channel: Soccer LegendTV
How to make BOLD LETTERS in PE
How to make BOLD LETTERS in PE
Published: 2015/08/05
Channel: Isaiah McBoss
How to write in clour letters in mine craft pe !
How to write in clour letters in mine craft pe !
Published: 2017/04/22
Channel: Ridergaming bl
HOW TO TYPE COLOR / COLOUR TEXT in Minecraft PE - MCPE Trick (Pocket Edition)
HOW TO TYPE COLOR / COLOUR TEXT in Minecraft PE - MCPE Trick (Pocket Edition)
Published: 2016/01/21
Channel: AA12
Job letter apky ghar pe | ایک ہفتے میں نوکری پکّی  | Islamic Guide
Job letter apky ghar pe | ایک ہفتے میں نوکری پکّی | Islamic Guide
Published: 2017/08/09
Channel: Islamic Guide Official
Thank You Letter To Pe Teacher
Thank You Letter To Pe Teacher
Published: 2016/10/20
Channel: Roxanne Schneider
3d drawing letter A - A 3d main page pe banana
3d drawing letter A - A 3d main page pe banana
Published: 2017/09/23
Channel: SS786
Brother PE-770 Lettering#1 Workshop(1/4)
Brother PE-770 Lettering#1 Workshop(1/4)
Published: 2013/03/11
Channel: Vince J. Arcuri
Soldiers writing letters, washing vessels, playing different games and General Pe...HD Stock Footage
Soldiers writing letters, washing vessels, playing different games and General Pe...HD Stock Footage
Published: 2014/03/29
Channel: CriticalPast
How to do colored letters on mine craft pe
How to do colored letters on mine craft pe
Published: 2016/01/31
Channel: Titanical12
PE Design 10 (lesson 21) Removing Text Overlaps
PE Design 10 (lesson 21) Removing Text Overlaps
Published: 2016/03/24
Channel: OleensEmbroidery
Scrisoare cu seminte din Canada de la Corina (fifi fifi pe youtube)
Scrisoare cu seminte din Canada de la Corina (fifi fifi pe youtube)
Published: 2017/04/11
Channel: Gicu's plants
Delicious 7 - Emily
Delicious 7 - Emily's True Love PE Playthough ~ Day 1 & 2 ''The Letter''
Published: 2013/06/12
Channel: sweetmemorii
Jeena Jeena - Tere naam pe Meri Zindagi | Atif Aslam HD song | Badlapur
Jeena Jeena - Tere naam pe Meri Zindagi | Atif Aslam HD song | Badlapur
Published: 2015/07/18
Channel: Asfi Tanoli
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Pe
Phonemic representation p, f (was ɸ), w
Position in alphabet 17
Numerical value 80
Alphabetic derivatives of the Phoenician

Pe is the seventeenth letter of the Semitic abjads, including PhoenicianPhoenician pe.svg, Hebrewפ, AramaicPe0.svg, Syriacܦ, and Arabic Fāʼ ف (in abjadi order) and also Persian Peʼ پ.

The original sound value is a voiceless bilabial plosive: /p/; it retains this value in most Semitic languages except for Arabic, which having lost /p/ now uses it to render a voiceless labiodental fricative /f/.

The Phoenician letter gave rise to the Greek Pi (Π), Latin P, and Cyrillic П.

Origins[edit]

Pe is usually assumed to come from a pictogram of a mouth (in Hebrew pe; in Arabic, فاه fah).

Arabic fāʼ[edit]

The letter is named ﻓﺎء fāʾ. It is written in several ways depending on its position in the word:

Position in word: Isolated Final Medial Initial
Glyph form: ف‎ ـف‎ ـفـ‎ فـ‎

Normally, the letter fāʼ renders /f/ sound, but may also be used some names and loanwords where it can render /v/, might be arabized as /f/ in accordance to its spelling, e.g., يُونِيلِفِر (Unilever). It may be used interchangeably with the modified letter - ve (with 3 dots above) in this case.

In the process of developing from Proto-Semitic, Proto-Semitic /p/ became Arabic /f/, and this is reflected in the use of the letter representing /p/ in other Semitic languages for /f/ in Arabic.

Examples on usage in Modern Standard Arabic:

  • Fāʾ-fatḥah (فَـ /fa/) is a multi-function prefix most commonly equivalent to "so" or "so that." For example: نَكْتُب naktub ("we write") → فَنَكْتُب fanaktub ("so we write").

Persian peʼ[edit]

In Persian, it uses پ to represent the phoneme Voiceless bilabial stop /p/

Position in word: Isolated Final Medial Initial
Glyph form: پ‎ ـپ‎ ـپـ‎ پـ‎

The Persian alphabet has taken the shape of ba’ (ب) but it has three dots below instead.

Maghrebi variant[edit]

In the Maghreb (northwest Africa), the dot in fāʼ is written underneath (ڢ). Once the prevalent style, it is now only used in Maghribi countries for writing Qur'an, with the exception of Libya and Algeria, which adopted the Mashriqi form (dot above).

The Maghrebi qāf
Position in word: Isolated Final Medial Initial
Form of letter: ڢ‎ ـڢ‎ ـڢـ‎ ڢـ‎

The Maghrebi alphabet has taken the shape of fa’ () to mean qāf instead.

Other similar letters[edit]

Code point Isolated Final Medial Initial Unicode character name (or descriptive synonyms used in the JoiningType and JoiningGroup datatables)
U+0641 ف‎ ـف‎ ـفـ‎ فـ‎ ARABIC LETTER FEH
U+06A1 ڡ‎ ـڡ‎ ـڡـ‎ ڡـ‎ ARABIC LETTER DOTLESS FEH
U+06A2 ڢ‎ ـڢ‎ ـڢـ‎ ڢـ‎ ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH DOT MOVED BELOW
U+06A3 ڣ‎ ـڣ‎ ـڣـ‎ ڣـ‎ ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH DOT BELOW
U+06A4 ڤ‎ ـڤ‎ ـڤـ‎ ڤـ‎ ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH 3 DOTS ABOVE = VEH
U+06A5 ڥ‎ ـڥ‎ ـڥـ‎ ڥـ‎ ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH 3 DOTS BELOW = MAGHRIBI VEH
U+06A6 ڦ‎ ـڦ‎ ـڦـ‎ ڦـ‎ ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH 4 DOTS ABOVE = PEHEH
U+0760 ݠ‎ ـݠ‎ ـݠـ‎ ݠـ‎ ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH 2 DOTS BELOW
U+0761 ݡ‎ ـݡ‎ ـݡـ‎ ݡـ‎ ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH 3 DOTS POINTING UPWARDS BELOW
U+08A4 ࢤ‎ ـࢤ‎ ـࢤـ‎ ࢤـ‎ ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH DOT BELOW AND THREE DOTS ABOVE

Hebrew Pe[edit]

The Hebrew spelling is פֵּא. It is also romanized pey, especially when used in Yiddish.[1][2]

Orthographic variants
position in word Various print fonts Cursive Hebrew Rashi
script
Serif Sans-serif Monospaced
non final פ פ פ Hebrew letter Pe handwriting.svg Hebrew letter Pe-nonfinal Rashi.png
final ף ף ף Hebrew letter Pe-final handwriting.svg Hebrew letter Pe-final Rashi.png

Variations on written form/pronunciation[edit]

The letter Pe is one of the six letters which can receive a Dagesh Kal. The six are Bet, Gimel, Daleth, Kaph, Pe, and Tav.

There are two orthographic variants of this letter which indicate a different pronunciation:

Name Symbol IPA Transliteration as in the English word
Pe פּ /p/ p pan
Fe פ /f/ f fan

Pe with the dagesh[edit]

When the Pe has a "dot" in its center, known as a dagesh, it represents a voiceless bilabial plosive, /p/. There are various rules in Hebrew grammar that stipulate when and why a dagesh is used.

Fe[edit]

When Pe appears without the dagesh dot in its center (פ), then it usually represents a voiceless labiodental fricative /f/.

Final form of Pe/Fe[edit]

At the end of words, the letter's written form changes to a Pe/Fe Sophit (Final Pe/Fe): ף.

When a word in modern Hebrew borrowed from another language ends with /p/, the non-final form is used (e.g. ּפִילִיפ /ˈfilip/ "Philip"), while borrowings ending in /f/ still use the Pe Sofit (e.g. כֵּיף /kef/ "fun", from Arabic). This is because native Hebrew words, which always use the final form at the end, cannot end in /p/.

Significance[edit]

In gematria, Pe represents the number 80. Its final form represents 800 but this is rarely used, Tav written twice (400+400) being used instead.

Character encodings[edit]

Character פ ף ف ܦ
Unicode name HEBREW LETTER PE HEBREW LETTER FINAL PE ARABIC LETTER FEH SYRIAC LETTER PE SAMARITAN LETTER PI
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1508 U+05E4 1507 U+05E3 1601 U+0641 1830 U+0726 2064 U+0810
UTF-8 215 164 D7 A4 215 163 D7 A3 217 129 D9 81 220 166 DC A6 224 160 144 E0 A0 90
Numeric character reference פ פ ף ף ف ف ܦ ܦ ࠐ ࠐ
Character 𐎔 𐡐 𐤐
Unicode name UGARITIC LETTER PU IMPERIAL ARAMAIC LETTER PE PHOENICIAN LETTER PE
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 66452 U+10394 67664 U+10850 67856 U+10910
UTF-8 240 144 142 148 F0 90 8E 94 240 144 161 144 F0 90 A1 90 240 144 164 144 F0 90 A4 90
UTF-16 55296 57236 D800 DF94 55298 56400 D802 DC50 55298 56592 D802 DD10
Numeric character reference 𐎔 𐎔 𐡐 𐡐 𐤐 𐤐

References[edit]

  1. ^ Daniels, Peter T. (1996). The World's Writing Systems. Oxford University Press. p. 736. ISBN 978-0-19-507993-7. 
  2. ^ Kahn, Lily (2013). Colloquial Yiddish: The Complete Course for Beginners. Routledge. p. 3. ISBN 978-1-136-96779-5. 

External links[edit]

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