Play Video
1
Creating an Applique Letter in PE-Design Next
Creating an Applique Letter in PE-Design Next
::2012/09/19::
Play Video
2
La Lettre Pe, Letter Pe, Rav Dynovisz (French) n° 20120513.mp4
La Lettre Pe, Letter Pe, Rav Dynovisz (French) n° 20120513.mp4
::2013/01/15::
Play Video
3
An Open Letter to My High School P.E. Teacher
An Open Letter to My High School P.E. Teacher
::2014/08/19::
Play Video
4
Letter to the war_Scrisoare de pe front - S.D.S.T. World war 2(La segunda guerra mundial)
Letter to the war_Scrisoare de pe front - S.D.S.T. World war 2(La segunda guerra mundial)
::2011/02/13::
Play Video
5
Removing part of a letter in pe design 6
Removing part of a letter in pe design 6
::2013/12/30::
Play Video
6
PE-Design Mext - Manual punch letter
PE-Design Mext - Manual punch letter
::2014/10/18::
Play Video
7
pe...letter to mrs.a
pe...letter to mrs.a
::2009/01/13::
Play Video
8
Smiley Letter To You And Me
Smiley Letter To You And Me
::2014/01/15::
Play Video
9
Zoey
Zoey's Letter to Me-Mere and Pe-Pere
::2012/12/14::
Play Video
10
1 -The Screwtape Letters (Narrated by John Cleese)
1 -The Screwtape Letters (Narrated by John Cleese)
::2011/09/09::
Play Video
11
A Thousand Years - Christina Perri Lyrics
A Thousand Years - Christina Perri Lyrics
::2011/11/20::
Play Video
12
"CRAIG
"CRAIG'S LETTER.." | Diamond Dimensions Modded Survival #143 | Minecraft
::2014/10/01::
Play Video
13
Letter A Charm Without the Rainbow Loom
Letter A Charm Without the Rainbow Loom
::2014/03/15::
Play Video
14
Delicious 7 - Emily
Delicious 7 - Emily's True Love PE Playthough ~ Day 1 & 2 ''The Letter''
::2013/06/12::
Play Video
15
Smiley - Letter to You and Me (Live la Radio ZU)
Smiley - Letter to You and Me (Live la Radio ZU)
::2014/06/23::
Play Video
16
Ernesto Cortazar - Love Letter
Ernesto Cortazar - Love Letter
::2014/04/26::
Play Video
17
FFG: The Letter WiiU (Análise)
FFG: The Letter WiiU (Análise)
::2014/09/20::
Play Video
18
The Crucibles - The Letter
The Crucibles - The Letter
::2010/07/11::
Play Video
19
Dan Le Sac vs Scroobius Pip - Letter From God (Yogzatot 001)
Dan Le Sac vs Scroobius Pip - Letter From God (Yogzatot 001)
::2007/12/25::
Play Video
20
ABCD
ABCD's of Movement - Physical Education Teacher Resource K-6
::2012/04/19::
Play Video
21
Jaiza (Kia Bharat Israil Ki Naqsh e Qadam Pe Chal rha He?) – 8th October 2014
Jaiza (Kia Bharat Israil Ki Naqsh e Qadam Pe Chal rha He?) – 8th October 2014
::2014/10/08::
Play Video
22
Katy Perry - Birthday (Lyric Video)
Katy Perry - Birthday (Lyric Video)
::2014/04/10::
Play Video
23
Алфавит для самых маленьких песенка - Алфавит для детей - Буква П
Алфавит для самых маленьких песенка - Алфавит для детей - Буква П
::2014/01/31::
Play Video
24
Machine Embroidery Applique
Machine Embroidery Applique
::2013/05/14::
Play Video
25
Rodney Carrington - Dear Penis
Rodney Carrington - Dear Penis
::2008/12/25::
Play Video
26
Letter of Introduction
Letter of Introduction
::2011/10/05::
Play Video
27
Brother PE-770 How to use for beginners - "SPECIAL EDITION"
Brother PE-770 How to use for beginners - "SPECIAL EDITION"
::2012/12/18::
Play Video
28
Man Facing Execution Pens Chilling Letter Full Of Truths You Can
Man Facing Execution Pens Chilling Letter Full Of Truths You Can't Deny
::2014/03/08::
Play Video
29
Family Feud - "Your Penis" Hilarious Fast Money (Long Version)
Family Feud - "Your Penis" Hilarious Fast Money (Long Version)
::2010/10/06::
Play Video
30
Play Doh Chef Cookie Monster Letter Lunch Learn the ABC Alphabet With Cookie Monster Play Dough
Play Doh Chef Cookie Monster Letter Lunch Learn the ABC Alphabet With Cookie Monster Play Dough
::2013/06/22::
Play Video
31
Grand Theft Auto V (GTA V) - All Letter Scrap Locations (A Mystery, Solved Trophy/Achievement Guide)
Grand Theft Auto V (GTA V) - All Letter Scrap Locations (A Mystery, Solved Trophy/Achievement Guide)
::2013/09/20::
Play Video
32
Kid President
Kid President's Letter To A Person On Their First Day Here
::2014/01/23::
Play Video
33
Christina Perri - Human Lyrics
Christina Perri - Human Lyrics
::2013/11/20::
Play Video
34
Bryan Cranston
Bryan Cranston's Favorite Erotic Fan Letter
::2013/09/24::
Play Video
35
Sarkodie - Inflation (Letter To The Government)
Sarkodie - Inflation (Letter To The Government)
::2014/08/19::
Play Video
36
PETER CAPALDI
PETER CAPALDI's Most Embarrassing DOCTOR WHO Fan Club Letters - The Graham Norton Show BBC AMERICA
::2014/10/01::
Play Video
37
A Faded Letter/Gillock
A Faded Letter/Gillock
::2014/09/22::
Play Video
38
fiber optic channel letter.avi
fiber optic channel letter.avi
::2011/02/18::
Play Video
39
Don Trip - Letter To My Son ft. CeeLo Green
Don Trip - Letter To My Son ft. CeeLo Green
::2011/10/31::
Play Video
40
Win a personal letter and a prize from me!
Win a personal letter and a prize from me!
::2014/05/15::
Play Video
41
Avicii - Wake Me Up (Lyric Video)
Avicii - Wake Me Up (Lyric Video)
::2013/06/28::
Play Video
42
Minecraft Customsubs | PARKOUR pe usi de fier?! #41
Minecraft Customsubs | PARKOUR pe usi de fier?! #41
::2014/10/14::
Play Video
43
Editing a letter once converted to stitches
Editing a letter once converted to stitches
::2013/10/29::
Play Video
44
John Lennon - Imagine - Lyrics
John Lennon - Imagine - Lyrics
::2011/12/03::
Play Video
45
Anus Writes A Letter
Anus Writes A Letter
::2013/04/10::
Play Video
46
How to Make Alphabet Letter A Charm on Rainbow Loom
How to Make Alphabet Letter A Charm on Rainbow Loom
::2013/12/04::
Play Video
47
Don
Don't Jealous Me - Animated Part Letter 1
::2014/09/01::
Play Video
48
DJ Okawari - Luv Letter
DJ Okawari - Luv Letter
::2009/07/06::
Play Video
49
King LIL G - "Letter To Dr. Dre" - Feat Big Swiisha (Official Video)
King LIL G - "Letter To Dr. Dre" - Feat Big Swiisha (Official Video)
::2011/09/06::
Play Video
50
2014 Summer Movie Round Up by Red Letter Media
2014 Summer Movie Round Up by Red Letter Media
::2014/04/03::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the letter found in some Semitic alphabets. For the Cyrillic letter, see Pe (Cyrillic). For the Persian letter, see Pe (Persian letter).
peh
Phonemic representation p, f (was ɸ), w
Position in alphabet 17
Numerical value 80
Alphabetic derivatives of the Phoenician

Pe is the seventeenth letter in many Semitic abjads, including Phoenician, Aramaic, Hebrew Pei פ and Persian, Arabic fāʼ ف (in abjadi order). (look below)

The original sound value is a voiceless bilabial plosive: /p/; it retains this value in most Semitic languages except for Arabic, which having lost /p/ now uses it to render a voiceless labiodental fricative /f/.

The Phoenician letter gave rise to the Greek Pi (Π), Latin P, and Cyrillic П.

Origins[edit]

Pe is usually assumed to come from a pictogram of a mouth (in Hebrew pe; in Arabic, فاه fah).

Hebrew Pe[edit]

The Hebrew spelling is "פֵּא".

Orthographic variants
position in word Various Print Fonts Cursive Hebrew Rashi
Script
Serif Sans-serif Monospaced
non final פ פ פ Hebrew letter Pe handwriting.svg Hebrew letter Pe-nonfinal Rashi.png
final ף ף ף Hebrew letter Pe-final handwriting.svg Hebrew letter Pe-final Rashi.png

Variations on written form/pronunciation[edit]

The letter Pe is one of the six letters which can receive a Dagesh Kal. The six are Bet, Gimel, Daleth, Kaph, Pe, and Tav.

There are two orthographic variants of this letter which indicate a different pronunciation:

Name Symbol IPA Transliteration as in the English word
Pe פּ /p/ p pan
Fe פ /f/ f fan

Pe with the dagesh[edit]

When the Pe has a "dot" in its center, known as a dagesh, it represents a voiceless bilabial plosive, /p/. There are various rules in Hebrew grammar that stipulate when and why a dagesh is used.

Fe[edit]

When Pe appears as פ without the dagesh ("dot") in its center then it usually represents a voiceless labiodental fricative /f/.

Final form of Pe/Fe[edit]

At the end of words, the letter's written form changes to a Pe/Fe Sophit (Final Pe/Fe):

  • ף This does not alter the pronunciation (see above).

When a word in modern Hebrew borrowed from another language ends in /p/, a pe with a dagesh at the end of the word is used instead of the final form, as a word almost never ends with a letter containing a Dagesh, except for very few biblical exceptions. A Pe sofit is virtually non-existent in Hebrew and is not used in standard Yiddish orthography.

Significance[edit]

In gematria, Pe represents the number 80. Its final form represents 800 but this is rarely used, Tav written twice (400+400) being used instead.

Arabic fāʼ[edit]

The letter is named ﻓﺎء fāʾ. It is written is several ways depending in its position in the word:

Position in word: Isolated Final Medial Initial
Glyph form: ف ـف ـفـ فـ

Arabic variants[edit]

Normally, the letter fāʼ renders /f/ sound, but may also be used some names and loanwords where it can render /v/, might be arabized as /f/ in accordance to its spelling (as in يُونِيلِفِر (Unilever)). It may be used interchangeably with the modified letter - ve (with 3 dots above) in this case.

In the process of developing from Proto-Semitic, Proto-Semitic /p/ became Arabic /f/, and this is reflected in the use of the letter representing /p/ in other Semitic languages for /f/ in Arabic.

Examples on usage in Modern Standard Arabic:

Fāʾ-fatḥah (فَـ /fa/) is a multi-function prefix most commonly equivalent to "so" or "so that." For example: نَكْتُب naktub ("we write") → فَنَكْتُب fanaktub ("so we write").

The Maghribi style of writing fa’ is different. It is written with a dot underneath like this (ڢ). Once the prevalent style, it is now only used in Maghribi countries for writing Qur'an, with the exception of Libya which adopted the Mashriqi form.

See also qāf for the Maghribi style of writing that letter fa’ which avoids confusions with the very different letter qāf which has a similar-looking shape (only in initial position).

The unrelated letter pe پ is used in Persian.

For more details, see also Pe (Persian letter).
Code point Isolated Final Medial Initial Unicode character name (or descriptive synonyms used in the JoiningType and JoiningGroup datatables)
U+0641 ف ـف ـفـ فـ ARABIC LETTER FEH
U+06A1 ڡ ـڡ ـڡـ ڡـ ARABIC LETTER DOTLESS FEH
U+06A2 ڢ ـڢ ـڢـ ڢـ ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH DOT MOVED BELOW = MAGHRIBI FEH
U+06A3 ڣ ـڣ ـڣـ ڣـ ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH DOT BELOW
U+06A4 ڤ ـڤ ـڤـ ڤـ ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH 3 DOTS ABOVE = VEH
U+06A5 ڥ ـڥ ـڥـ ڥـ ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH 3 DOTS BELOW = MAGHRIBI VEH
U+06A6 ڦ ـڦ ـڦـ ڦـ ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH 4 DOTS ABOVE = PEHEH
U+0760 ݠ ـݠ ـݠـ ݠـ ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH 2 DOTS BELOW
U+0761 ݡ ـݡ ـݡـ ݡـ ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH 3 DOTS POINTING UPWARDS BELOW
U+08A4 ـࢤ ـࢤـ ࢤـ ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH DOT BELOW AND THREE DOTS ABOVE

Character encodings[edit]

Character פ ף ف ܦ
Unicode name HEBREW LETTER PE HEBERW LETTER FINAL PE ARABIC LETTER FEH SYRIAC LETTER PE SAMARITAN LETTER FI
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1508 U+05E4 1507 U+05E3 1601 U+0641 1830 U+0726 2064 U+0810
UTF-8 215 164 D7 A4 215 163 D7 A3 217 129 D9 81 220 166 DC A6 224 160 144 E0 A0 90
Numeric character reference פ פ ף ף ف ف ܦ ܦ ࠐ ࠐ
Character 𐎔 𐡐 𐤐
Unicode name UGARITIC LETTER PU IMPERIAL ARAMAIC LETTER PE PHOENICIAN LETTER PE
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 66452 U+10394 67664 U+10850 67856 U+10910
UTF-8 240 144 142 148 F0 90 8E 94 240 144 161 144 F0 90 A1 90 240 144 164 144 F0 90 A4 90
UTF-16 55296 57236 D800 DF94 55298 56400 D802 DC50 55298 56592 D802 DD10
Numeric character reference 𐎔 𐎔 𐡐 𐡐 𐤐 𐤐

References[edit]

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014