1
Creating an Applique Letter in PE-Design Next
Creating an Applique Letter in PE-Design Next
DATE: 2012/09/19::
2
La Lettre Pe, Letter Pe, Rav Dynovisz (French) n° 20120513.mp4
La Lettre Pe, Letter Pe, Rav Dynovisz (French) n° 20120513.mp4
DATE: 2013/01/15::
3
PE-Design Mext - Manual punch letter
PE-Design Mext - Manual punch letter
DATE: 2014/10/18::
4
Qna on Marriage Talaq Kya Letter pe ya Paper  msg Likne se bhi Talaq hojengi  By Mufti Abu Baker by
Qna on Marriage Talaq Kya Letter pe ya Paper msg Likne se bhi Talaq hojengi By Mufti Abu Baker by
DATE: 2015/03/24::
5
'Gun Pe Done' Movie Team Write Letter To PM Modi - Masala Gupshup | Episode No. 182
DATE: 2015/05/09::
6
Letter to the war_Scrisoare de pe front - S.D.S.T. World war 2(La segunda guerra mundial)
Letter to the war_Scrisoare de pe front - S.D.S.T. World war 2(La segunda guerra mundial)
DATE: 2011/02/13::
7
Schoolgirl asks mum for PE excuse letter - so she writes perfect response
Schoolgirl asks mum for PE excuse letter - so she writes perfect response
DATE: 2015/03/20::
8
Schoolgirl asks mum for PE excuse letter - so she writes perfect response
Schoolgirl asks mum for PE excuse letter - so she writes perfect response
DATE: 2015/03/19::
9
Removing part of a letter in pe design 6
Removing part of a letter in pe design 6
DATE: 2013/12/30::
10
An Open Letter to My High School P.E. Teacher
An Open Letter to My High School P.E. Teacher
DATE: 2014/08/19::
11
Smiley - Letter to You and Me (Live la Radio ZU)
Smiley - Letter to You and Me (Live la Radio ZU)
DATE: 2015/04/29::
12
Man Facing Execution Pens Chilling Letter Full Of Truths You Can
Man Facing Execution Pens Chilling Letter Full Of Truths You Can't Deny
DATE: 2014/03/08::
13
Letter D Charm without the Rainbow Loom
Letter D Charm without the Rainbow Loom
DATE: 2014/03/14::
14
THE LETTER TO THE CHURCH AT PERGAMOS - William (Bill) Wilson
THE LETTER TO THE CHURCH AT PERGAMOS - William (Bill) Wilson
DATE: 2013/08/30::
15
Public Enemy - Black Steel In The Hour Of Chaos
Public Enemy - Black Steel In The Hour Of Chaos
DATE: 2010/08/27::
16
A Thousand Years - Christina Perri Lyrics
A Thousand Years - Christina Perri Lyrics
DATE: 2011/11/20::
17
Delicious 7 - Emily
Delicious 7 - Emily's True Love PE Playthough ~ Day 1 & 2 ''The Letter''
DATE: 2013/06/12::
18
Kathryn Bergin of Rhinebeck High School signs letter of intent to Lehigh University in Bethlehem, Pe
Kathryn Bergin of Rhinebeck High School signs letter of intent to Lehigh University in Bethlehem, Pe
DATE: 2014/11/13::
19
Angry Johnny And The Killbillies-There
Angry Johnny And The Killbillies-There's A Letter
DATE: 2015/02/27::
20
Rhinestone Letters For Personalized  keychains handbag charms  ok-charms
Rhinestone Letters For Personalized keychains handbag charms ok-charms
DATE: 2011/07/27::
21
Smiley - Letter to You and Me (Live la Radio ZU)
Smiley - Letter to You and Me (Live la Radio ZU)
DATE: 2014/06/23::
22
The 6th Letter Ft. Raheem - Perfect [Prod. By Seven]
The 6th Letter Ft. Raheem - Perfect [Prod. By Seven]
DATE: 2010/11/18::
23
Sabrina Benaim - "Explaining My Depression to My Mother"
Sabrina Benaim - "Explaining My Depression to My Mother"
DATE: 2014/11/20::
24
Nasheed | Arabic Alphabet Song with Zaky | HD
Nasheed | Arabic Alphabet Song with Zaky | HD
DATE: 2012/11/30::
25
shadowBOX Thanks Diddy 4 Influence / stick N move (Extended Letter Version)
shadowBOX Thanks Diddy 4 Influence / stick N move (Extended Letter Version)
DATE: 2015/01/29::
26
[Official Video] Little Drummer Boy - Pentatonix
[Official Video] Little Drummer Boy - Pentatonix
DATE: 2013/11/25::
27
Lost Autumn- A Letter to Emily (lyrics)
Lost Autumn- A Letter to Emily (lyrics)
DATE: 2012/05/04::
28
letter ( R ) - See my puppy rip the rag
letter ( R ) - See my puppy rip the rag
DATE: 2013/05/24::
29
Pearl Jam - Yellow Ledbetter
Pearl Jam - Yellow Ledbetter
DATE: 2007/11/25::
30
A Faded Letter/Gillock
A Faded Letter/Gillock
DATE: 2014/09/22::
31
Letter Unfolds + Explode + PEI
Letter Unfolds + Explode + PEI
DATE: 2006/11/17::
32
Firework - Katy Perry lyrics
Firework - Katy Perry lyrics
DATE: 2011/12/15::
33
How to write a print w alphabet letter
How to write a print w alphabet letter
DATE: 2013/07/09::
34
Simple Plan - Perfect lyrics
Simple Plan - Perfect lyrics
DATE: 2010/03/21::
35
John Lennon - Imagine - Lyrics
John Lennon - Imagine - Lyrics
DATE: 2011/12/03::
36
Scrisoarea de dragoste a Tatalui pentru tine
Scrisoarea de dragoste a Tatalui pentru tine
DATE: 2007/01/08::
37
Investment Banking Cover Letter Tutorial (with FREE Word template)
Investment Banking Cover Letter Tutorial (with FREE Word template)
DATE: 2012/05/29::
38
Tomodachi Life Letter from a traveler
Tomodachi Life Letter from a traveler
DATE: 2014/11/25::
39
Five Little Monkeys Jumping On The Bed | Children Nursery Rhyme | Songs
Five Little Monkeys Jumping On The Bed | Children Nursery Rhyme | Songs
DATE: 2013/10/24::
40
fiber optic channel letter.avi
fiber optic channel letter.avi
DATE: 2011/02/18::
41
#DearMe - A little letter to a 13 year old self
#DearMe - A little letter to a 13 year old self
DATE: 2015/05/21::
42
Peppa Pig  Christmas Episode
Peppa Pig Christmas Episode
DATE: 2010/12/04::
43
The Crucibles - The Letter
The Crucibles - The Letter
DATE: 2010/07/11::
44
Christina Perri - Human Lyrics
Christina Perri - Human Lyrics
DATE: 2013/11/20::
45
The BEST OF ALL BEST: la Traviata letter reading
The BEST OF ALL BEST: la Traviata letter reading
DATE: 2009/07/18::
46
13011116 - LETTER - AMERICAN DEFENCE H.Q.
13011116 - LETTER - AMERICAN DEFENCE H.Q.
DATE: 2015/03/10::
47
Letter (100 Bars) | GuRuBhai | Bobby Shmurda Hot Nigga Remix | DesiHipHop Inc
Letter (100 Bars) | GuRuBhai | Bobby Shmurda Hot Nigga Remix | DesiHipHop Inc
DATE: 2015/03/27::
48
A Letter From Mom & Dad (English Version Lyric)
A Letter From Mom & Dad (English Version Lyric)
DATE: 2013/03/29::
49
Kid President
Kid President's Pep Talk to Teachers and Students!
DATE: 2013/09/12::
50
CHIKY REALEZA -SANTAMUERTE - XMAS EXCLUSIVE 2013 (Letter to Santa)
CHIKY REALEZA -SANTAMUERTE - XMAS EXCLUSIVE 2013 (Letter to Santa)
DATE: 2013/12/24::
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This article is about the Semitic letter. For the Cyrillic letter, see Pe (Cyrillic). For the Persian letter, see Pe (Persian letter).
Pe
Phonemic representation p, f (was ɸ), w
Position in alphabet 17
Numerical value 80
Alphabetic derivatives of the Phoenician

Pe is the seventeenth letter of the Semitic abjads, including PhoenicianPhoenician pe.svg, Hebrewפ, AramaicPe0.svg, Syriacܦ, and Arabic Fāʼ ف (in abjadi order).

The original sound value is a voiceless bilabial plosive: /p/; it retains this value in most Semitic languages except for Arabic, which having lost /p/ now uses it to render a voiceless labiodental fricative /f/.

The Phoenician letter gave rise to the Greek Pi (Π), Latin P, and Cyrillic П.

Origins[edit]

Pe is usually assumed to come from a pictogram of a mouth (in Hebrew pe; in Arabic, فاه fah).

Hebrew Pe[edit]

The Hebrew spelling is פֵּא. It is also romanized pey, especially when used in Yiddish.[1][2]

Orthographic variants
position in word Various print fonts Cursive Hebrew Rashi
script
Serif Sans-serif Monospaced
non final פ פ פ Hebrew letter Pe handwriting.svg Hebrew letter Pe-nonfinal Rashi.png
final ף ף ף Hebrew letter Pe-final handwriting.svg Hebrew letter Pe-final Rashi.png

Variations on written form/pronunciation[edit]

The letter Pe is one of the six letters which can receive a Dagesh Kal. The six are Bet, Gimel, Daleth, Kaph, Pe, and Tav.

There are two orthographic variants of this letter which indicate a different pronunciation:

Name Symbol IPA Transliteration as in the English word
Pe פּ /p/ p pan
Fe פ /f/ f fan

Pe with the dagesh[edit]

When the Pe has a "dot" in its center, known as a dagesh, it represents a voiceless bilabial plosive, /p/. There are various rules in Hebrew grammar that stipulate when and why a dagesh is used.

Fe[edit]

When Pe appears without the dagesh dot in its center (פ), then it usually represents a voiceless labiodental fricative /f/.

Final form of Pe/Fe[edit]

At the end of words, the letter's written form changes to a Pe/Fe Sophit (Final Pe/Fe):

  • ף This does not alter the pronunciation.

When a word in modern Hebrew borrowed from another language ends in /p/, a pe with a dagesh at the end of the word is used instead of the final form, as a word almost never ends with a letter containing a Dagesh, except for very few biblical exceptions. A Pe sofit is virtually non-existent in Hebrew and is not used in standard Yiddish orthography.

Significance[edit]

In gematria, Pe represents the number 80. Its final form represents 800 but this is rarely used, Tav written twice (400+400) being used instead.

Arabic fāʼ[edit]

The letter is named ﻓﺎء fāʾ. It is written is several ways depending in its position in the word:

Position in word: Isolated Final Medial Initial
Glyph form: ف ـف ـفـ فـ

Normally, the letter fāʼ renders /f/ sound, but may also be used some names and loanwords where it can render /v/, might be arabized as /f/ in accordance to its spelling, e.g., يُونِيلِفِر (Unilever). It may be used interchangeably with the modified letter - ve (with 3 dots above) in this case.

In the process of developing from Proto-Semitic, Proto-Semitic /p/ became Arabic /f/, and this is reflected in the use of the letter representing /p/ in other Semitic languages for /f/ in Arabic.

Examples on usage in Modern Standard Arabic:

  • Fāʾ-fatḥah (فَـ /fa/) is a multi-function prefix most commonly equivalent to "so" or "so that." For example: نَكْتُب naktub ("we write") → فَنَكْتُب fanaktub ("so we write").

Maghrebi variant[edit]

In the Maghreb, the dot in fāʼ is written underneath (ڢ). Once the prevalent style, it is now only used in Maghribi countries for writing Qur'an, with the exception of Libya, which adopted the Mashriqi form (dot above).

The Maghrebi alphabet has taken the shape of fa’ () to mean qāf instead.

Other similar letters[edit]

The unrelated letter pe پ is used in Persian.

For more details, see also Pe (Persian letter).
Code point Isolated Final Medial Initial Unicode character name (or descriptive synonyms used in the JoiningType and JoiningGroup datatables)
U+0641 ف ـف ـفـ فـ ARABIC LETTER FEH
U+06A1 ڡ ـڡ ـڡـ ڡـ ARABIC LETTER DOTLESS FEH
U+06A2 ڢ ـڢ ـڢـ ڢـ ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH DOT MOVED BELOW = MAGHRIBI FEH
U+06A3 ڣ ـڣ ـڣـ ڣـ ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH DOT BELOW
U+06A4 ڤ ـڤ ـڤـ ڤـ ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH 3 DOTS ABOVE = VEH
U+06A5 ڥ ـڥ ـڥـ ڥـ ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH 3 DOTS BELOW = MAGHRIBI VEH
U+06A6 ڦ ـڦ ـڦـ ڦـ ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH 4 DOTS ABOVE = PEHEH
U+0760 ݠ ـݠ ـݠـ ݠـ ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH 2 DOTS BELOW
U+0761 ݡ ـݡ ـݡـ ݡـ ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH 3 DOTS POINTING UPWARDS BELOW
U+08A4 ـࢤ ـࢤـ ࢤـ ARABIC LETTER FEH WITH DOT BELOW AND THREE DOTS ABOVE

Character encodings[edit]

Character פ ף ف ܦ
Unicode name HEBREW LETTER PE HEBREW LETTER FINAL PE ARABIC LETTER FEH SYRIAC LETTER PE SAMARITAN LETTER PI
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1508 U+05E4 1507 U+05E3 1601 U+0641 1830 U+0726 2064 U+0810
UTF-8 215 164 D7 A4 215 163 D7 A3 217 129 D9 81 220 166 DC A6 224 160 144 E0 A0 90
Numeric character reference פ פ ף ף ف ف ܦ ܦ ࠐ ࠐ
Character 𐎔 𐡐 𐤐
Unicode name UGARITIC LETTER PU IMPERIAL ARAMAIC LETTER PE PHOENICIAN LETTER PE
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 66452 U+10394 67664 U+10850 67856 U+10910
UTF-8 240 144 142 148 F0 90 8E 94 240 144 161 144 F0 90 A1 90 240 144 164 144 F0 90 A4 90
UTF-16 55296 57236 D800 DF94 55298 56400 D802 DC50 55298 56592 D802 DD10
Numeric character reference 𐎔 𐎔 𐡐 𐡐 𐤐 𐤐

References[edit]

  1. ^ Daniels, Peter T. (1996). The World's Writing Systems. Oxford University Press. p. 736. ISBN 978-0-19-507993-7. 
  2. ^ Kahn, Lily (2013). Colloquial Yiddish: The Complete Course for Beginners. Routledge. p. 3. ISBN 978-1-136-96779-5. 
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