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Tern Colony on Pearl and Hermes Atoll
Tern Colony on Pearl and Hermes Atoll
Published: 2017/02/26
Channel: Jon Brack
Pearl and Hermes Atoll in Virtual Reality
Pearl and Hermes Atoll in Virtual Reality
Published: 2016/12/15
Channel: Jon Brack
Monk Seals on Pearl and Hermes Atoll
Monk Seals on Pearl and Hermes Atoll
Published: 2017/02/26
Channel: Jon Brack
For The Sea - Pearl and Hermes Atoll - Papahānaumokuākea
For The Sea - Pearl and Hermes Atoll - Papahānaumokuākea
Published: 2007/07/21
Channel: Ziggy Livnat
Pearl and Hermes Atoll
Pearl and Hermes Atoll
Published: 2016/07/08
Channel: John Burns
Field Tent on Pearl and Hermes Atoll
Field Tent on Pearl and Hermes Atoll
Published: 2017/02/27
Channel: Jon Brack
Dolphins at Pearl and Hermes Atoll
Dolphins at Pearl and Hermes Atoll
Published: 2017/06/11
Channel: Jon Brack
Pearl and Hermes Atoll (Site 53), Northwest Hawaiian Islands 2016
Pearl and Hermes Atoll (Site 53), Northwest Hawaiian Islands 2016
Published: 2016/12/15
Channel: 100 Island Challenge
Bodianus bathycapros from Pearl and Hermes at 83m   video by Richard L  Pyle
Bodianus bathycapros from Pearl and Hermes at 83m video by Richard L Pyle
Published: 2014/10/01
Channel: Star-Advertiser
Journey to Pihemanu
Journey to Pihemanu
Published: 2014/04/30
Channel: OHAHawaii
Earth
Earth's Extremes - Volcanoes in Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, Hawaii
Published: 2017/01/04
Channel: Planetedge
Deep endemic reef fish assemblage Pearl and Hermes 80m Pearl and Hermes 1
Deep endemic reef fish assemblage Pearl and Hermes 80m Pearl and Hermes 1
Published: 2014/10/01
Channel: Star-Advertiser
Midway Atoll as an Introduction to Papahanaumokuakea
Midway Atoll as an Introduction to Papahanaumokuakea
Published: 2008/04/09
Channel: navigatingchange
Pearl and Hermes Returned to the Wild
Pearl and Hermes Returned to the Wild
Published: 2015/10/09
Channel: Big Island Now
Coral Community Structure at Pearl & Hermes Atolls NW Hawaiian Islands (Kenyon)
Coral Community Structure at Pearl & Hermes Atolls NW Hawaiian Islands (Kenyon)
Published: 2012/06/02
Channel: Ronald Cannarella
Hawaii’s Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument: History in the Making
Hawaii’s Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument: History in the Making
Published: 2016/08/26
Channel: Pew
Monk Seal survey on Midway Atoll
Monk Seal survey on Midway Atoll
Published: 2017/02/27
Channel: Jon Brack
Pearl and Hermes vocalization
Pearl and Hermes vocalization
Published: 2015/10/15
Channel: The Marine Mammal Center (California)
Chromis struhsakeri   Pearl and Hermes at 87m   video by Robert K  Whitton
Chromis struhsakeri Pearl and Hermes at 87m video by Robert K Whitton
Published: 2014/10/01
Channel: Star-Advertiser
What is An Atoll?
What is An Atoll?
Published: 2014/02/16
Channel: The Pearl Girls
Nihoa Island
Nihoa Island
Published: 2008/01/20
Channel: plantwallah
Marine Debris Removal in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands
Marine Debris Removal in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands
Published: 2009/10/19
Channel: ecoccagna
Midway.avi
Midway.avi
Published: 2010/09/03
Channel: kiel pattison
Liopropoma aurora from Pearl and Hermes - 65m
Liopropoma aurora from Pearl and Hermes - 65m
Published: 2014/10/01
Channel: Star-Advertiser
Field Camps on Kūpuna Islands: Building Better Kānaka (Koa Matsuoka)
Field Camps on Kūpuna Islands: Building Better Kānaka (Koa Matsuoka)
Published: 2015/01/31
Channel: OHAHawaii
Pearl Seas Cruises - Canadian Maritimes Cruise
Pearl Seas Cruises - Canadian Maritimes Cruise
Published: 2015/04/21
Channel: Pearl Seas Cruises
Tosanoides obama - new species named in honor of Barack Obama (4K)
Tosanoides obama - new species named in honor of Barack Obama (4K)
Published: 2016/12/21
Channel: SciNews
Nihoa
Nihoa
Published: 2008/08/07
Channel: paeaina
Spinner Dolphins of Midway Atoll
Spinner Dolphins of Midway Atoll
Published: 2008/06/03
Channel: naturefinder
Pearl & Hermes Net Underwater GoPro Video
Pearl & Hermes Net Underwater GoPro Video
Published: 2015/06/15
Channel: dlangis1
School of Convict Tang "Manini" at Midway Atoll near "Reef Hotel" - April 2009
School of Convict Tang "Manini" at Midway Atoll near "Reef Hotel" - April 2009
Published: 2009/04/17
Channel: naturefinder
Message in bottle connects young girl with Kure atoll researchers
Message in bottle connects young girl with Kure atoll researchers
Published: 2013/11/29
Channel: KITV
Midway Atoll in Virtual Reality
Midway Atoll in Virtual Reality
Published: 2017/05/15
Channel: Jon Brack
Topic 19 A All Pairs Shortest Paths
Topic 19 A All Pairs Shortest Paths
Published: 2014/04/07
Channel: Uhmics Algorithms
Kure Atoll Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument
Kure Atoll Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument
Published: 2015/01/06
Channel: Department. of Land and Natural Resources
Морская карта для Navionics Pacific Islands
Морская карта для Navionics Pacific Islands
Published: 2015/06/24
Channel: gpspower.ru
Hawaii marine life at Kure Atoll
Hawaii marine life at Kure Atoll
Published: 2016/06/07
Channel: Star-Advertiser
Divers at "Prognathodes Point"
Divers at "Prognathodes Point"
Published: 2015/10/15
Channel: Association for Marine Exploration
Midway Atoll.m4v
Midway Atoll.m4v
Published: 2011/04/16
Channel: dspooner100
ホノルル国際空港離陸 JAL 767 1A席 ホノルル→成田
ホノルル国際空港離陸 JAL 767 1A席 ホノルル→成田
Published: 2016/11/29
Channel: Nahoku 1959
Plastics in Paradise: Wavelengths Ocean Podcast Episode 1
Plastics in Paradise: Wavelengths Ocean Podcast Episode 1
Published: 2017/12/05
Channel: Betsy Brown
Flight over Hawaiian Archipelago
Flight over Hawaiian Archipelago
Published: 2015/09/06
Channel: Merrill Kaufman
DLNR Introduction to Kure Atoll State Wildlife Sanctuary
DLNR Introduction to Kure Atoll State Wildlife Sanctuary
Published: 2013/03/15
Channel: Hawaii DLNR (Department of Land and Natural Resources)
TONY, HERMES GIGGY
TONY, HERMES GIGGY
Published: 2007/07/23
Channel: stoic78
Ulua and Bluefin Trevally while Snorkeling at Midway Atoll - Reef Hotel
Ulua and Bluefin Trevally while Snorkeling at Midway Atoll - Reef Hotel
Published: 2012/06/19
Channel: naturefinder
Super Net Removal
Super Net Removal
Published: 2014/10/29
Channel: noaaBroll
Field Camps on Kūpuna Islands: Building Better Kānaka (Hōkū Cody)
Field Camps on Kūpuna Islands: Building Better Kānaka (Hōkū Cody)
Published: 2015/01/30
Channel: OHAHawaii
360 Pearl Street
360 Pearl Street
Published: 2017/04/10
Channel: Owen Swallow
Bodumohoraa (Vaavu Atoll) - picnic island
Bodumohoraa (Vaavu Atoll) - picnic island
Published: 2014/08/18
Channel: AndymanMilano
Kure Dolphins
Kure Dolphins
Published: 2008/10/05
Channel: viaporro
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Pearl and Hermes is located in Pacific Ocean
Pearl and Hermes
Pearl and Hermes
Location of Pearl and Hermes Atoll in the Pacific Ocean
Map showing the location of Pearl and Hermes Atoll in the Hawaiian island chain
NASA picture of the Pearl and Hermes Atoll

The Pearl and Hermes Atoll (Hawaiian: Holoikauaua), is part of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. It is named after two English whaleships, the Pearl and the Hermes, that wrecked there in 1822.

History[edit]

In 1927, Captain William Greig Anderson was fishing for tuna and in the process, discovered pearl beds within the lagoon. This opened up the first commercial activity within the atoll, but the pearl trade lasted for only a few years. The Hawaiian government later prohibited commercial activity and declared the area to be a bird sanctuary. In June 2006, George W. Bush declared the atoll and all other parts of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument.

Geography[edit]

Pearl and Hermes is the 3rd northernmost atoll, behind Midway and Kure, approximately 2,090 km (1,299 mi) northwest of Honolulu and 140 km (87 mi) east-southeast of Midway Atoll.

The Pearl and Hermes Atoll is a large, low atoll consisting of several small islands which are periodically washed over when winter storms pass, along with several ephemeral sand spits.[1][2] As of 2012 according to the USGS there were five islands: Southeast (the largest),[1] North, Little North, Grass, and Seal-Kittery.[3]. Earlier sources note the presence of a Sand Island and a Bird Island.[4]

In total there is about 80 acres (32 ha) of land and almost 200,000 acres (80,937 ha) of coral reef habitat. The fringing reef is roughly 69 km (43 mi) in circumference and open to the west. The atoll adheres to the timezone of UTC−10:00.

Climate[edit]

Data chart below has been taken from Midway Atoll due to a lack of any weather stations present on Pearl and Hermes Atoll.

Despite being located at 27°48'N which is above the Tropic of Cancer, Pearl and Hermes Atoll features a tropical savanna climate (Köppen Aw) with very pleasant year-round temperatures. Rainfall is evenly distributed throughout the year, with only two months being able to be classified as dry season months (May and June).

Climate data for Pearl and Hermes Atoll
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 80
(27)
81
(27)
81
(27)
82
(28)
87
(31)
89
(32)
92
(33)
92
(33)
92
(33)
89
(32)
88
(31)
82
(28)
92
(33)
Average high °F (°C) 70
(21)
70
(21)
71
(22)
72
(22)
76
(24)
81
(27)
83
(28)
84
(29)
84
(29)
80
(27)
76
(24)
73
(23)
76.7
(24.8)
Daily mean °F (°C) 66
(19)
66
(19)
67
(19)
69
(21)
72
(22)
77
(25)
79
(26)
80
(27)
80
(27)
77
(25)
73
(23)
69
(21)
72.9
(22.8)
Average low °F (°C) 62
(17)
62
(17)
63
(17)
64
(18)
68
(20)
73
(23)
75
(24)
75
(24)
75
(24)
72
(22)
69
(21)
65
(18)
68.6
(20.4)
Record low °F (°C) 49
(9)
50
(10)
51
(11)
53
(12)
55
(13)
61
(16)
63
(17)
64
(18)
64
(18)
59
(15)
55
(13)
51
(11)
49
(9)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 5.0
(127)
3.8
(97)
3.0
(76)
2.5
(64)
2.3
(58)
2.2
(56)
3.3
(84)
4.3
(109)
3.5
(89)
3.5
(89)
3.8
(97)
4.1
(104)
41.3
(1,050)
Average precipitation days 16 14 12 11 9 9 15 15 15 14 14 16 160
Source: Weatherbase[5]

Environment[edit]

The endangered Laysan finch was introduced to the island to provide a backup population of these birds, should a hurricane, disease, rat introduction, or other disaster wipe out the population on the island of Laysan. Furthermore, the Pearl and Hermes support a breeding population of endangered monk seals. Derelict fishing gear and other types of marine debris are, however, having a major impact on the reefs and associated fauna of the atoll. Over the past three years, efforts have been undertaken to lessen the threat of this growing problem.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "NWHI - Pearl and Hermes Atoll". National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science. Retrieved 21 November 2017. 
  2. ^ Pearl & Hermes Atoll Reserve Preservation Area (PDF), Office of National Marine Sanctuaries 
  3. ^ Predicting Sea-Level Rise Vulnerability of Terrestrial Habitat and Wildlife of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (PDF), U.S. Geological Survey, 2012 
  4. ^ Hance Smith & Adalberto Vallega, eds. (1991). The Development of Integrated Sea Use Management. Routledge. 
  5. ^ http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather.php3?s=166019&cityname=Midway-Island-United-States-of-America&units=us

Coordinates: 27°48′N 175°51′W / 27.800°N 175.850°W / 27.800; -175.850

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