Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
Pedro A Paterno NHS Live Stream
Pedro A Paterno NHS Live Stream
Published: 2016/10/07
Channel: Pedro A Paterno NHS
10- Pedro Paterno
10- Pedro Paterno
Published: 2017/03/14
Channel: Alliah Jane Bastasa
Antonio  Luna at Pedro Paterno (CTU- BSA 3 An.Prod
Antonio Luna at Pedro Paterno (CTU- BSA 3 An.Prod'n )
Published: 2015/09/23
Channel: Jane Bacasmas
25 Most Hated Backstabbing Traitors In History
25 Most Hated Backstabbing Traitors In History
Published: 2015/02/13
Channel: list25
6-pedro paterno
6-pedro paterno
Published: 2014/09/13
Channel: Joshua Fajardo
Puting bato and Pedro Paterno Elem School.AVI
Puting bato and Pedro Paterno Elem School.AVI
Published: 2012/10/23
Channel: ramil mallari
Heneral Luna The Movie 2015 (The Cast and Their Real-Life Counterparts) HD
Heneral Luna The Movie 2015 (The Cast and Their Real-Life Counterparts) HD
Published: 2015/09/26
Channel: Rafael2487 Vlog
Could This Be the End for Paterno?
Could This Be the End for Paterno?
Published: 2011/11/08
Channel: Associated Press
4 pedro paterno
4 pedro paterno
Published: 2011/04/14
Channel: mrmahalq29
Allegation refutes Paterno
Allegation refutes Paterno's Sandusky testimony
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: Newsy
Rol Paterno y Rol Materno
Rol Paterno y Rol Materno
Published: 2017/01/06
Channel: Pedro Trueba
Testimonio de  Proyecto Apertura de Calle El Paterno.wmv
Testimonio de Proyecto Apertura de Calle El Paterno.wmv
Published: 2012/02/20
Channel: nuevaconcepcion2009
Puting Bato and Pedro A. Paterno Street Dancing
Puting Bato and Pedro A. Paterno Street Dancing
Published: 2012/10/26
Channel: Marry Ann Navarro
Reintegração de Posse Afetiva e Dever Paterno de Educar
Reintegração de Posse Afetiva e Dever Paterno de Educar
Published: 2017/04/09
Channel: Antonio Fernando Pinheiro Pedro
Pedro paterno math tutorials laws of logarithm
Pedro paterno math tutorials laws of logarithm
Published: 2016/10/08
Channel: Jade Aguilar
Court Dancing Competition 2012, P.A. Paterno Elementary School
Court Dancing Competition 2012, P.A. Paterno Elementary School
Published: 2013/01/10
Channel: atchara4rd
VID 20161008 1757181
VID 20161008 1757181
Published: 2016/10/08
Channel: Alexis Day
Dacanlao National High School
Dacanlao National High School
Published: 2012/10/23
Channel: ramil mallari
Closer (Grade 9 Pedro Paterno 2k16-2k17)
Closer (Grade 9 Pedro Paterno 2k16-2k17)
Published: 2017/08/02
Channel: Ycai Tupaz
Prof J.D Lapuz interview with relatives of DON PEDRO A. PATERNO aka EL MAGINOO
Prof J.D Lapuz interview with relatives of DON PEDRO A. PATERNO aka EL MAGINOO
Published: 2013/08/06
Channel: Jose David Lapuz
Pedro A Paterno NHS Live Stream
Pedro A Paterno NHS Live Stream
Published: 2016/10/21
Channel: Pedro A Paterno NHS
Florante at Laura trailer
Florante at Laura trailer
Published: 2017/10/05
Channel: pedro paterno
Interpretative (Paterno)
Interpretative (Paterno)
Published: 2017/02/26
Channel: Archie Mismanos
Malolos Constitution
Malolos Constitution
Published: 2016/01/18
Channel: Audiopedia
Dacanalo  Gregorio Agoncillo National Highschool Band 2013
Dacanalo Gregorio Agoncillo National Highschool Band 2013
Published: 2013/10/18
Channel: Unice Marasigan
The Propaganda Movement and the Katipunan
The Propaganda Movement and the Katipunan
Published: 2013/10/29
Channel: Henry Vista
Los Fósforos: El parto desde el punto de vista paterno
Los Fósforos: El parto desde el punto de vista paterno
Published: 2016/05/21
Channel: Todo Radio
mini band competition
mini band competition
Published: 2013/10/18
Channel: eymie cap
RCMS mini band
RCMS mini band
Published: 2013/11/08
Channel: mark vincent gatdula
Momentos com o vovô
Momentos com o vovô
Published: 2015/02/17
Channel: Ronny Melo
ALFABETIZAÇÃO PROFESSORA CLEONICE
ALFABETIZAÇÃO PROFESSORA CLEONICE
Published: 2012/10/11
Channel: NICINHA MALTA
Filipino Painters Father Mercado 1648-1698 to Amorsolo 1892-1972 Philippines
Filipino Painters Father Mercado 1648-1698 to Amorsolo 1892-1972 Philippines
Published: 2017/04/14
Channel: MC Engle-Kennedy
CALACAtchara Festival 2016 - Street And Court Dancing Competition
CALACAtchara Festival 2016 - Street And Court Dancing Competition
Published: 2016/10/22
Channel: Calaca Batangas
Viajando hacia nueva Concepción Chalatenango el salvador svl sv
Viajando hacia nueva Concepción Chalatenango el salvador svl sv
Published: 2017/11/08
Channel: Youtubero Salvadoreño
Philippine literature
Philippine literature
Published: 2014/07/31
Channel: Audiopedia
IV-Q PATERNO (2008-2009) LAS PIÑAS CITY
IV-Q PATERNO (2008-2009) LAS PIÑAS CITY
Published: 2009/07/19
Channel: marsh1234ful
Nagcarlan Underground Cemetery
Nagcarlan Underground Cemetery
Published: 2007/06/29
Channel: emeritamanansala
Bem-vindo ao mundo paterno - S.E.R. Pai
Bem-vindo ao mundo paterno - S.E.R. Pai
Published: 2015/07/30
Channel: S.E.R. Pai
Visitando Nueva Concepción Chalatenango el salvador svl SV YS
Visitando Nueva Concepción Chalatenango el salvador svl SV YS
Published: 2017/11/10
Channel: Youtubero Salvadoreño
Coches a batería con control paterno VOLTI RC Ranger XL
Coches a batería con control paterno VOLTI RC Ranger XL
Published: 2013/12/11
Channel: Coches eléctricos infantiles en España VOLTI
Eduardo García Serrano: "Llevar el apellido paterno y materno, por ese orden, no es machista"
Eduardo García Serrano: "Llevar el apellido paterno y materno, por ese orden, no es machista"
Published: 2017/05/31
Channel: Intereconomiatube
Instinto paterno
Instinto paterno
Published: 2015/08/07
Channel: Vidas Contadas
Boers & Bernstein - Kevin Millar & His Little Buddy Pedro (4-20-12)
Boers & Bernstein - Kevin Millar & His Little Buddy Pedro (4-20-12)
Published: 2012/12/07
Channel: TheOriginalKidCairo
"Soliloquy on D" for solo flute - Gisela Paterno
"Soliloquy on D" for solo flute - Gisela Paterno
Published: 2017/06/15
Channel: Gisela Paterno
Vivo en Arg - Eva Giberti sobre "Incesto paterno - filial" - 26-08-14
Vivo en Arg - Eva Giberti sobre "Incesto paterno - filial" - 26-08-14
Published: 2014/08/27
Channel: TV Pública Argentina
paterno redentorm
paterno redentorm
Published: 2014/04/21
Channel: Angel Gabriel MÉNDEZ
Entrevista com a Ilustradora Semíramis Paterno - Centro Universitário Uniseb Interativo
Entrevista com a Ilustradora Semíramis Paterno - Centro Universitário Uniseb Interativo
Published: 2011/03/24
Channel: UniSEB Interativo
Apostol Rafael Reyes: Relaciones Paterno-filiales en la iglesia.
Apostol Rafael Reyes: Relaciones Paterno-filiales en la iglesia.
Published: 2016/03/14
Channel: Rafael Reyes
GEMINIS INTELIGENCIA EMOCIONAL,ARQUETIPO PATERNO NUEVA CONSTRUCCION
GEMINIS INTELIGENCIA EMOCIONAL,ARQUETIPO PATERNO NUEVA CONSTRUCCION
Published: 2017/07/10
Channel: LUNA CAPOSSI
P.A PATERNO HIGH SCHOOL BATCH 1996
P.A PATERNO HIGH SCHOOL BATCH 1996
Published: 2012/09/14
Channel: djmeng solis
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Excelentísimo Señor
Pedro Alejandro Paterno
Pedro Alejandro Paterno.jpg
2nd Prime Minister of the Philippines
In office
May 7, 1899 – November 13, 1899
President Emilio Aguinaldo
Deputy Trinidad Pardo de Tavera
Preceded by Apolinario Mabini
Succeeded by Jorge B. Vargas
(Ministries involved)
Position abolished
(Position next held by Ferdinand Marcos)
Member of the Philippine Assembly from Laguna's First District
In office
October 16, 1907 – May 20, 1909
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Potenciano Malvar
Personal details
Born Pedro Alejandro Paterno y de Vera Ignacio
(1857-02-17)February 17, 1857
Manila, Captaincy General of the Philippines
Died April 26, 1911(1911-04-26) (aged 54)
Manila, Philippine Islands
Alma mater Ateneo de Manila University
Profession Poet
Novelist

Pedro Alejandro Paterno y de Vera Ignacio,[1] also spelled Pedro Alejandro Paterno y Debera Ignacio (born on February 17, 1857 - died on April 26, 1911; in some references the birth date is February 27, 1858 while the death date is March 11, 1911)[2] was a Filipino politician who has been called "the greatest turncoat in Philippine history."[3] He was also a poet and novelist.[4]'

His intervention on behalf of the Spanish led to the signing of the Pact of Biak-na-Bato on December 14, 1897, an account of which he published in 1910. Among his other works include the first novel written by a native Filipino, Ninay (1885), and the first Filipino collection of poems in Spanish, Sampaguitas y otras poesías varias ("Jasmines and Other Various Poems"), published in Madrid in 1880.[3]

Early life[edit]

Pedro Paterno was born on the 17th of February, 1857. He was one of 13 children born to Don Máximo Paterno and his wife, Doña Carmen de Vera Ignacio. Máximo was exiled to Guam (then also part of the Spanish East Indies) for ten years following the 1872 Cavite mutiny, and died on 26 July 1900, leaving behind considerable wealth.[5]:411–412

Pedro finished Bachiller en Artes at Ateneo de Manila and gained fame with his conclusion. At the age of 14, he was sent to study in Spain, where he spent the next 11 years at the University of Salamanca and then the Central University of Madrid (now the Complutense University of Madrid).[5]:412 At Salamanca he took courses in Philosophy and Theology, while at Madrid he graduated with an expertise in law in 1880. In 1893, he was awarded the Order of Isabella the Catholic.[5]:412

Biak-na-Bato[edit]

At the trial of José Rizal in 1896, it was suggested that Paterno, along with Rizal, had incited the Katipunan because they had both written about the pre-Spanish Philippine History. As evidence for their complicity, the Spanish prosecution cited Paterno's earlier work Antigua Civilización as promoting ideas which had "consequences both erroneous and injurious to Spanish sovereignty." Nobody moved against Paterno, however, because he was close to a significant number of Spanish officials - both military and civilian - who could vouch for him. Thus, Paterno, like many others of the Manila elite, distanced himself from the events of the Katipunan revolution.[4]

In 1897 the Philippine revolutionary forces led by General Emilio Aguinaldo had been driven out of Cavite and retreated northwards from town to town until they finally settled in the village of Biak-na-Bato, in the town of San Miguel de Mayumo in Bulacan. Here, they established what became known as the Republic of Biak-na-Bato.[6]

In late July, 1897, Paterno voluntarily presented himself to Governor-General Fernando Primo de Rivera, whom he had known while living in Spain, and offered his services as a mediator.[4]

Because many highly placed Spaniards of the time thought Paterno held great sway over the natives, Primo de Rivera accepted Paterno's offer. He called for a truce, explaining his decision to the Cortes Generales: "I can take Biak-na-Bato, any military man can take it, but I can not answer that I could crush the rebellion."[6]

Paterno left Manila on August 4, 1897 and found Aguinaldo five days later. This began a three-month-long series of talks which saw Paterno constantly traveling between Manila, Biak-na-Bato, and some areas in Southern Luzon where a number of revolutionary chiefs held sway. During the negotiations, Paterno's wife Luisa died on November 27, 1897.[4] In ceremonies on December 14–15 that year, Aguinaldo signed the Pact of Biak-na-Bato. He later proclaimed the official end of the Philippine Revolution on Christmas Day, and on left for Hong Kong via the port of Dagupan on December 27.[6]

Paterno returned to Manila on January 11, 1898 amidst great celebration, but was spurned by Primo de Rivera and other authorities when he asked to be recompensed by being granted a dukedom, a seat in the Spanish Senate, and payment for his services in Mexican dollars.[4]

The Filipino negotiators for the Pact of Biak-na-Bato. Seated from left to right: Paterno and Emilio Aguinaldo with five companions

Prime minister[edit]

Pedro was elected President of the Malolos Congress in Sept. 1898.[5]:469 He served as prime minister of the First Philippine Republic in the middle of 1899, and served as head of the country's assembly, and the cabinet. Pedro was captured by the Americans in April, 1900, at Antomoc, Benguet.[5]:504

American Colonial Period[edit]

'Emilio Aguinaldo' and Pedro A. Paterno miniature model at Barasoain Church (in the horse carriage-parade for oath-taking as Philippine President, January 23, 1899).

With the Philippine-American War after the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1898, he was among the most prominent Filipinos who joined the American side and advocated the incorporation of the Philippines into the United States. As the editor and proprietor of the newspaper La Patria, he supported American dominion and gratitude towards Spain, from whence "the Filipinos derived their civilization."[5]:412–413 He died of cholera on April 26, 1911.

Legacy and Notoriety[edit]

Pedro Paterno

Despite Paterno's prominence in the many upheavals that defined the birth of the Philippine nation during his lifetime, Paterno's legacy is largely infamous among Philippine historians and nationalists.

Philippine historian Resil Mojares notes that:

History has not been kind to Pedro Paterno. A century ago, he was one of the country's premier intellectuals, blazing trails in Philippine letters. Today he is ignored in many of the fields in which he once held forth with much eminence, real and imagined. No full length biography or extended review of his corpus of writings has been written, and no one reads him today.[4]

Much of this is attributed to Paterno's penchant for turncoatism, as described by historian Ambeth Ocampo, who sums up his career thus:

Remember, Paterno was one of the greatest "balimbing" (turncoat) in history (perhaps he was the original "balimbing" in Philippine political history). He was first on the Spanish side, then when the declaration of independence was made in 1898, he "wormed his way to power" and became president of the Malolos Congress in 1899, then sensing the change in political winds after the establishment of the American colonial government, he became a member of the First Philippine Assembly.[3]

Media portrayals[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ García Castellón, Manuel. "Pedro Alejandro Paterno y de Vera-Ignacio (Manila, 1858 - 1911)". Retrieved 2 June 2011. 
  2. ^ Tucker, Spencer C. The Encyclopedia of Spanish-American and Philippine- American Wars: a political, social, and military history, Volume 1 Check |url= value (help). Retrieved 2 June 2011. , 993 pages
  3. ^ a b c Ocampo, Ambeth (December 4, 2005). "Looking Back: "Looking Back: The First Filipino Novel"". Philippine Daily Inquirer. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Mojares, Resil (2006). "Pedro Paterno". Brains of the Nation: Pedro Paterno, T.H. Pardo de Tavera, Isabelo de los Reyes, and the Production of Modern Knowledge. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press. pp. 1–118. ISBN 971-550-496-5. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f Foreman, J., 1906, The Philippine Islands, A Political, Geographical, Ethnographical, Social and Commercial History of the Philippine Archipelago, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons
  6. ^ a b c Don Emilio Aguinaldo y Famy (1899). "Chapter III. Negotiations". True Version of the Philippine Revolution. Authorama: Public Domain Books. Retrieved 2007-12-26. 
  • Zaide, Gregorio F. (1984). Philippine History and Government. National Bookstore Printing Press. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Apolinario Mabini
Prime Minister of the Philippines
1899
Succeeded by
(Position established)
Preceded by
(Position established)
— TITULAR —
Prime Minister of the Philippines
1899 - April 1, 1901
Succeeded by
Jorge B. Vargas
(Ministries involved)

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license