"Wooden leg" redirects here. For the Cheyenne warrior, see
pegleg is a prosthesis, or artificial limb, fitted to the remaining stump of a human leg. Its use dates to antiquity. [1 ]
By the late 19th century, prosthetics vendors would offer peg legs as cheaper alternatives to more intricate lifelike artificial legs.
Even as vendors touted advantages of more complicated prostheses over simple peg legs, [2 ] according to a contemporary surgeon, many patients found a peg leg more comfortable for walking. [2 ] According to medical reports, some amputees were able to adjust to the use of a peg leg so well that they could walk 10, or even 30, miles in one day. [3 ] [4 ]
Nowadays, wooden peg legs have been replaced by more modern materials, though some sports prostheses do have the same form.
Notable peg leg wearers [ edit ]
Historical [ edit ]
François Leclerc (~1554), privateer
Cornelis Jol, (1597–1641), privateer and admiral of the Dutch West India Company
Peter Stuyvesant (1612–1672), Dutch director-general of New Amsterdam [6 ]
Blas de Lezo (1687–1741), Spanish admiral
Gouverneur Morris (1752–1816), American politician
Józef Sowiński (1777–1831), Polish 19th century general
Albert Chmielowski (1845–1916), Polish artist, founder of the Albertine Brothers and Sisters, saint of the Catholic Church
Daniel Sullivan (~1871), Chicagoan
Thomas L. "Pegleg" Smith (1801–1866), American prospector
Robert McAlpin Williamson (1804? – December 22, 1859), nicknamed "Three legged Willie", Republic of Texas Supreme Court Justice, state lawmaker and Texas Ranger.
Clayton Bates (Peg Leg Bates) (1907–1998), dancer, amputee RAK
Peg Leg Sam (Arthur Jackson) (1911–1977) American blues musician Dennis Collins, British sailor
Fictional [ edit ]
Alastor "Mad-Eye" Moody, character from the Harry Potter books and movies. Captain Ahab, character in
Barquentine (Gormenghast), character in Gormenghast. Fidget from
. The Great Mouse Detective
Hector Barbossa, a character in Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides.
Jonathan Small a character in the Sherlock Holmes story . The Sign of the Four Lucky Jack from
Home on the Range.
Pete, Disney's oldest recurring character. Russell from
. Happy Tree Friends Seamus, a character in the American animated television series
who has two peglegs as well as two "peg arms". Family Guy
Silas Wegg, character in Our Mutual Friend by Charles Dickens Wirt, character in the computer games
and Diablo . His pegleg can be used to open the Diablo II Secret Cow Level. Hiccup Horrendous Haddock III, character from the Dragons (e.g.
How to Train Your Dragon) movies. Eli Vance, character in the computer game series
Railroads [ edit ]
^ Cantos, Mae (2005) "Pirates & Peg Legs: a Historical Look at Amputation and Prosthetics" In: Whitelaw, William A. (2005) (editor) Proceedings of the 14h Annual History of Medicine Days Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, pp. 16–20, OCLC 225558769, page 16
^ a b Marks, George Edwin (1888), , A. A. Marks, p. 47 A Treatise on Marks' patent artificial limbs with rubber hands and feet
^ Tillmanns, Hermann (1895), Stimson, Lewis Atterbury, ed., , D. Appleton and company, p. 128 itle The principles of surgery and surgical pathology: general rules governing operations and the application of dressings
^ Teale, Thomas Pridgin (1858), , pp. 29, 31 On amputation by a long and a short rectangular flap
^ Clarke, Carl D. (1965) Prosthetics Standard Arts Press, Butler, Maryland, OCLC 5083790, page 182
^ "...he lost his leg at Saint Martin.."
^ Mason, Christopher (21 September 2000) "At Home with Christopher Gibbs: A Parting Embrace For a Lifetimes Quirks" The New York Times, page 2 of electronic copy; for full details see Poole, Steve (2000) The politics of regicide in England, 1760-1850: troublesome subjects Manchester University Press, Manchester, England, pages 169-172, ISBN 0-7190-5035-9
Further reading [ edit ]
Murdoch, George and Wilson, A. Bennett (1998)
A primer on amputations and artificial limbs C. Thomas, Springfield, Illinois, ISBN 0-398-06800-3 Pitkin, Mark R. (2009)
Biomechanics of Lower Limb Prosthetics Springer verlag, New York, ISBN 978-3-642-03015-4 Seymour, Ron (2002)
Prosthetics and orthotics: lower limb and spinal Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, ISBN 0-7817-2854-1 Warren, D. W. (2001)
James Gillingham: surgical mechanist & manufacturer of artificial limbs Somerset Industrial Archaeology Society, Taunton, England, ISBN 0-9533539-5-8
Articles [ edit ]
Bliquez, L. J. (1996) "Prosthetics in classical antiquity: Greek, Etruscan and Roman prosthetics"
In: Haase, W. and Temporini, H. (editors) (1996) Aufstieg und niedergang der Römischen welt II Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, pp. 2640–2676 Cantos, Mae (2005)
"Pirates & Peg Legs: a Historical Look at Amputation and Prosthetics" In: Whitelaw, William A. (2005) (editor) Proceedings of the 14h Annual History of Medicine Days Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, pp. 16–20, OCLC 225558769 Finch, J. (2011)
"The ancient origins of prosthetic medicine" Lancet 377(9765): pp. 548–549 Padula, Patricia A. and Friedmann, Lawrence W. (1987) "Acquired Amputation and Prostheses Before the Sixteenth Century"
The Journal of Vascular Disease 38(2 Pt. 1): pp. 133–141, doi: 10.1177/000331978703800207 Reeves, Nicholas (1999)
"New lights on ancient Egyptian prosthetic medicine" In: Davies, W. V. (editor) (1999) Studies in Egyptian Antiquities. A Tribute to T.G.H. James British Museum Press, London, pp. 73–77, ISBN 0-86159-123-2 Thurston, Alan J. (2007) "Paré and prosthetics: the early history of artificial limbs"
ANZ Journal of Surgery 77(12): pp. 1114–1119, doi: 10.1111/j.1445-2197.2007.04330.x Wilson, Philip D. (1922)
"Early weight-bearing in the treatment of amputations of the lower limbs" The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 4: pp. 224–247