Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
DELIRIUM - Perchta (Official Lyric Video)
DELIRIUM - Perchta (Official Lyric Video)
Published: 2013/05/26
Channel: FrankenDelirium
Perchta
Perchta
Published: 2017/03/09
Channel: Engel, Götter, Esoterik
Top 10 CHRISTMAS MONSTERS and SCARY LEGENDS
Top 10 CHRISTMAS MONSTERS and SCARY LEGENDS
Published: 2015/12/18
Channel: Top10Archive
PERCHTENGARDE INNSBRUCK - TRAILER 2013 / PERCHTA IST ZURÜCK
PERCHTENGARDE INNSBRUCK - TRAILER 2013 / PERCHTA IST ZURÜCK
Published: 2013/09/30
Channel: Perchtengarde
Frau Perchta
Frau Perchta
Published: 2016/12/19
Channel: buecherbaum
Krampus - The Cherub "Crazy Doll" (All Scenes)
Krampus - The Cherub "Crazy Doll" (All Scenes)
Published: 2016/07/23
Channel: Babs Spears Payne
Helfahrt- Perchta
Helfahrt- Perchta
Published: 2009/11/22
Channel: eposdivinity
Perchta
Perchta
Published: 2017/08/30
Channel: BORE WOODS
[Perchta] The White Lady - Creepy Animation
[Perchta] The White Lady - Creepy Animation
Published: 2017/08/17
Channel: Red Russian
MOTHER KRAMPUS Trailer (2017) Christmas Horror Movie HD
MOTHER KRAMPUS Trailer (2017) Christmas Horror Movie HD
Published: 2017/08/10
Channel: Rapid Trailer
Perchta inside
Perchta inside
Published: 2012/12/08
Channel: Robert Pretterhofer
Perchta - Kleť 2017
Perchta - Kleť 2017
Published: 2017/01/23
Channel: Karel Polacek
Frau Perchta
Frau Perchta
Published: 2016/03/02
Channel: Various Artists - Topic
Panychida - Perchta
Panychida - Perchta
Published: 2014/03/06
Channel: Howling Iron Metal Blog
Tajemná Perchta z Pernštejna 10.3.2012
Tajemná Perchta z Pernštejna 10.3.2012
Published: 2012/03/11
Channel: delostrelecpaja
Audition Tape for  Frau Perchta 2016
Audition Tape for Frau Perchta 2016
Published: 2017/03/01
Channel: Kioni Lazenby
KrampusLauf Frau Perchta Makeup Breakdown
KrampusLauf Frau Perchta Makeup Breakdown
Published: 2017/04/21
Channel: Yl'luria WaterSong
PERCHTA \ Happy New Year #2 \ PixelCakesFan
PERCHTA \ Happy New Year #2 \ PixelCakesFan
Published: 2017/01/06
Channel: PixelCakesFan
12 Deaths of Christmas Trailer 2017 (Frau Perchta) / HORROR
12 Deaths of Christmas Trailer 2017 (Frau Perchta) / HORROR
Published: 2017/08/10
Channel: Proportion Productions
Perchta
Perchta
Published: 2013/07/04
Channel: Anke Noah Kittelmann
Poesia - PERCHTA - Gianny Mirra
Poesia - PERCHTA - Gianny Mirra
Published: 2014/09/24
Channel: Gianny Mirra
DELIRIUM - Perchta (NEW
DELIRIUM - Perchta (NEW '12 - Rehearsal Version)
Published: 2012/08/18
Channel: FrankenDelirium
Helfahrt - Perchta (Live)
Helfahrt - Perchta (Live)
Published: 2008/01/15
Channel: Wiebitte667
LA BRUJA DE NAVIDAD | FRAU PERCHTA | HISTORIA REAL | TERROR NAVIDEÑO
LA BRUJA DE NAVIDAD | FRAU PERCHTA | HISTORIA REAL | TERROR NAVIDEÑO
Published: 2016/12/19
Channel: THE HORROR PARTY - La Casa de lo Desconocido
Perchta
Perchta
Published: 2015/02/25
Channel: Panychida - Topic
Perchta Freespins - Novoline Online Slot - Quasargaming
Perchta Freespins - Novoline Online Slot - Quasargaming
Published: 2017/01/02
Channel: OnlineBetman - Gambling & Casino Reviews
Krampus & Perchta  Creepypasta Ita
Krampus & Perchta Creepypasta Ita
Published: 2015/12/17
Channel: Racconti Oscuri
How to Pronounce Perchta
How to Pronounce Perchta
Published: 2016/12/14
Channel: Dictionary Voice
Svatý Václave - Smíšený pěvecký sbor Perchta
Svatý Václave - Smíšený pěvecký sbor Perchta
Published: 2014/10/01
Channel: Perchta Krumlov
Perchta
Perchta
Published: 2008/04/30
Channel: Draknemesis Reno
WALDTRAENE - Frau Perchta (12.03.2016 Magdeburg)
WALDTRAENE - Frau Perchta (12.03.2016 Magdeburg)
Published: 2016/03/13
Channel: Festivalgeier
Perchta
Perchta
Published: 2015/08/03
Channel: Panychida - Topic
Frau Perchta ruft zur Wilden Jagd
Frau Perchta ruft zur Wilden Jagd
Published: 2017/10/09
Channel: Antosik Alexander
10 - Holda, Perchta y la Noche de las Madres
10 - Holda, Perchta y la Noche de las Madres
Published: 2014/08/11
Channel: Encrucijada Pagana
#FieryDarkAndWild: "Perchta: Tired & Jaded"
#FieryDarkAndWild: "Perchta: Tired & Jaded"
Published: 2014/12/17
Channel: Stephie Jane Rexroth
WALDTRAENE - Frau Perchta - live (17.05.2013 Niederdorla) HD
WALDTRAENE - Frau Perchta - live (17.05.2013 Niederdorla) HD
Published: 2013/05/18
Channel: Festivalgeier
Tajemná Perchta z Pernštejna 19.5.2012
Tajemná Perchta z Pernštejna 19.5.2012
Published: 2012/05/21
Channel: delostrelecpaja
Perchta kostenlos spielen - Novomatic / Novoline
Perchta kostenlos spielen - Novomatic / Novoline
Published: 2016/07/05
Channel: socialskillgames
DELIRIUM - Perchta (live with Stef from Jörmungand / 2017)
DELIRIUM - Perchta (live with Stef from Jörmungand / 2017)
Published: 2017/08/04
Channel: FrankenDelirium
Tajemná Perchta z Pernštejna 15.4.2012
Tajemná Perchta z Pernštejna 15.4.2012
Published: 2012/04/16
Channel: delostrelecpaja
Delirium - Das Erbe der alten Zeit [Full EP] 2013
Delirium - Das Erbe der alten Zeit [Full EP] 2013
Published: 2015/12/30
Channel: Pagan Music Albums
Valkyrie Crusade: Unlocking Perchta Archwitch
Valkyrie Crusade: Unlocking Perchta Archwitch
Published: 2015/12/19
Channel: CPNICHOLLS
Perchta z Nového Draka - 2. stopa
Perchta z Nového Draka - 2. stopa
Published: 2010/09/24
Channel: Lenka Novotná
Обзор игрового автомата Perchta (Novomatic)
Обзор игрового автомата Perchta (Novomatic)
Published: 2016/07/27
Channel: casinozru
¡FELICIDADES PERCHTA!
¡FELICIDADES PERCHTA!
Published: 2012/01/05
Channel: YTfelizcumpleanos
Le Origini della Befana (6) Berchta/Perchta
Le Origini della Befana (6) Berchta/Perchta
Published: 2016/04/08
Channel: Wicca Ipostatica per Donne
Valkyrie Crusade Contrast LAWK (Perchta
Valkyrie Crusade Contrast LAWK (Perchta's Smile) - "Valkyrie Wars" event (20160428)
Published: 2016/05/11
Channel: ngYnx LoL
Valkyrie Crusade Perchta Evolution and Awakening 60fps
Valkyrie Crusade Perchta Evolution and Awakening 60fps
Published: 2015/12/15
Channel: Crimson Chimp
Perchta z Nového Draka - poslušnost - 6 měsíců
Perchta z Nového Draka - poslušnost - 6 měsíců
Published: 2010/12/12
Channel: Lenka Novotná
¡FELIZ CUMPLEAÑOS PERCHTA!
¡FELIZ CUMPLEAÑOS PERCHTA!
Published: 2011/11/28
Channel: YTfelizcumpleanos
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Peruehty in Kingdom of Bohemia. 1910

Perchta or Berchta (English: Bertha), also commonly known as Percht and other variations, was once known as a goddess in Alpine paganism in the Upper German regions of the Alps. Her name may mean "the bright one" (Old High German beraht, bereht, from Proto-Germanic *brehtaz) and is probably related to the name Berchtentag, meaning the feast of the Epiphany. Eugen Mogk provides an alternative etymology, attributing the origin of the name Perchta to the Old High German verb pergan, meaning "hidden" or "covered".[1]

Perchta is often identified as stemming from the same Germanic goddess as Holda and other female figures of German folklore (see Frija-Frigg). According to Jacob Grimm and Lotte Motz, Perchta is Holda's southern cousin or equivalent, as they both share the role of "guardian of the beasts" and appear during the Twelve Days of Christmas, when they oversee spinning.[2][3]

Grimm says Perchta or Berchta was known "precisely in those Upper German regions where Holda leaves off, in Swabia, in Alsace, in Switzerland, in Bavaria and Austria."[4]

According to Erika Timm, Perchta emerged from an amalgamation of Germanic and pre-Germanic, probably Celtic, traditions of the Alpine regions after the Migration Period in the Early Middle Ages.[5]

Names of Perchta[edit]

Perchta had many different names depending on the era and region: Grimm listed the names Perahta and Berchte as the main names (in his heading), followed by Berchta in Old High German, as well as Behrta and Frau Perchta. In Baden, Swabia, Switzerland and Slovenian regions, she was often called Frau Faste (the lady of the Ember days) or Pehta or 'Kvaternica', in Slovene. Elsewhere she was known as Posterli, Quatemberca and Fronfastenweiber.[6]

In southern Austria, in Carinthia among the Slovenes, a male form of Perchta was known as Quantembermann, in German, or Kvaternik, in Slovene (the man of the four Ember days). Grimm thought that her male counterpart or equivalent is Berchtold.[7]

Regional variations of the name include Berigl, Berchtlmuada, Perhta-Baba, Zlobna Pehta, Bechtrababa, Sampa, Stampa, Lutzl, Zamperin, Pudelfrau, Zampermuatta and Rauweib.

Depiction[edit]

In some descriptions, Perchta has two forms; she may appear either as beautiful and white as snow like her name, or as elderly and haggard.

In many old descriptions, Bertha had one large foot, sometimes called a goose foot or swan foot. Grimm thought the strange foot symbolized her being a higher being who could shapeshift to animal form. He noticed that Bertha with a strange foot exists in many languages (Middle German "Berhte mit dem fuoze", French "Berthe au grand pied", Latin "Berhta cum magno pede"): "It is apparently a swan maiden's foot, which as a mark of her higher nature she cannot lay aside...and at the same time the spinning-woman's splayfoot that worked the treadle".[8]

In the Tyrol she appears as little old woman with a very wrinkled face, bright lively eyes, and a long hooked nose; her hair is disheveled, her garments tattered and torn.[9]

Traditional narratives[edit]

Initially, Perchta was the upholder of cultural taboos, such as the prohibition against spinning on holidays.[10] In the folklore of Bavaria and Austria, Perchta was said to roam the countryside at midwinter, and to enter homes during the twelve days between Christmas and Epiphany (especially on the Twelfth Night). She would know whether the children and young servants of the household had behaved well and worked hard all year. If they had, they might find a small silver coin next day, in a shoe or pail. If they had not, she would slit their bellies open, remove stomach and guts, and stuff the hole with straw and pebbles. She was particularly concerned to see that girls had spun the whole of their allotted portion of flax or wool during the year.[9] She would also slit people's bellies open and stuff them with straw if they ate something on the night of her feast day other than the traditional meal of fish and gruel.[4][9]

The cult of Perchta, under which followers left food and drink for Fraw Percht and her followers in the hope of receiving wealth and abundance, was condemned in Bavaria in the Thesaurus pauperum (1468) and by Thomas Ebendorfer von Haselbach in De decem praeceptis (1439).

Later canonical and church documents characterized Perchta as synonymous with other leading female spirits: Holda, Diana, Herodias, Richella and Abundia.

Related beings[edit]

A Perchten mask

Grimm thought Holda is her equivalent while the Weisse Frauen may derive directly from Berchta in her white form.

The word Perchten is plural for Perchta, and this has become the name of her entourage, as well as the name of animal masks worn in parades and festivals in the mountainous regions of Austria. In the 16th century, the Perchten took two forms: Some are beautiful and bright, known as the Schönperchten ("beautiful Perchten"). These come during the Twelve Nights and festivals to "bring luck and wealth to the people." The other form is the Schiachperchten ("ugly Perchten") who have fangs, tusks and horse tails which are used to drive out demons and ghosts. Men dressed as the ugly Perchten during the 16th century and went from house to house driving out bad spirits.[11][12]

Sometimes, der Teufel is viewed as the most schiach ("ugly") Percht and Frau Perchta as the most schön ("beautiful") Percht.

In Italy, Perchta is roughly equivalent with La Befana, who visits all the children of Italy on the night before 6 January to fill their socks with candy if they are good or a lump of coal if they are bad.[13]

Interpretations[edit]

According to Jacob Grimm (1882), Perchta was spoken of in Old High German in the 10th century as Frau Berchta and thought to be a white-robed goddess who oversaw spinning and weaving, like the myths of Holda. He believed she was the feminine equivalent of Berchtold, and was sometimes the leader of the Wild Hunt. However, John B. Smith disagrees and suggests that Perchta represents the personification of the feast of the Epiphany (Perchta's Day), and is therefore not pre-Christian.[14]

Modern celebrations[edit]

In contemporary culture, Perchta is portrayed as a "rewarder of the generous, and the punisher of the bad, particularly lying children".[14]

Today in Austria, particularly Salzburg, where she is said to wander through Hohensalzburg Castle at dead of night,[15] the Perchten are still a traditional part of holidays and festivals (such as the Carnival Fastnacht). The wooden animal masks made for the festivals are today called Perchten.[12]

In the Pongau region of Austria large processions of Schönperchten ("beautiful Perchten") and Schiachperchten ("ugly Perchten") are held every winter. Beautiful masks are said to encouraging financial windfalls, and the ugly masks are worn to drive away evil spirits.[16]

Other regional variations include the Tresterer in the Austrian Pinzgau region, the stilt dancers in the town of Unken, the Schnabelpercht ("trunked Percht") in the Unterinntal region and the Glöcklerlaufen ("bell-running") in the Salzkammergut. A number of large ski-resorts have turned the tradition into a tourist attraction drawing large crowds every winter.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Frazer, Sir James George. 1920. The Golden Bough. A Study in Magic and Religion. IX. Part 6. "The Scapegoat", pages 240-243. Macmillan & Co. (Facsimili Elibron Classics, 2005) ISBN 1-4021-8348-8. (Online). File retrieved May 18, 2007.
  • Grimm, Jacob (1882). Deutsche Mythologie 4th ed. [1875]. Trans. James Stallybrass Grimm's Teutonic Mythology Volume 1.
  • Motz, Lotte. 1984. "The Winter Goddess", Folklore 95:11.
  • Mogk, Eugen. 1907. Germanische Mythologie
  • Müller, Felix and Ulrich. 1999. "Percht und Krampus, Kramperl und Schiach-Perchten." Wunderlich, Werner (Ed.): Mittelalter-Mythen 2. Dämonen-Monster-Fabelwesen. St. Gallen, S. 449-460. (Online, German) File retrieved May 18, 2007.
  • Natko, David. 2014. Ritual Rebellion and Social Inversion in Alpine Austria: Rethinking the “Perchtenlauf” in its Relationship to the Carnivalesque. (Online). File retrieved 01-04-2015.
  • Timm, Erika. 2003. Frau Holle, Frau Percht und verwandte Gestalten: 160 Jahre nach Grimm aus germanistischer Sicht betrachtet.
  • Wagner, Alexander. 2007. Perchtenläufe: Salzburg's Pagan Heritage. (Online) File retrieved May 18, 2007.
  • Waschnitius, Viktor. 1913. Perht, Holda und verwandte Gestalten: ein Beitrag zur deutschen Religionsgeschichte. Sitzungsberichte der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Philosophisch-Historische Klasse.


Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license