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African Heathens Worshiping The Male Phallus!!! YUCK!!!
African Heathens Worshiping The Male Phallus!!! YUCK!!!
Published: 2014/11/26
Channel: GMS Shar Ahmath
Phallic Symbolism in Film
Phallic Symbolism in Film
Published: 2015/08/11
Channel: Now You See It
[YTP] Phallus and Fertilizer
[YTP] Phallus and Fertilizer
Published: 2016/07/29
Channel: Numberer1
How the Lysistrata Phallus Works
How the Lysistrata Phallus Works
Published: 2007/02/09
Channel: CostumersManifesto
Size matters at Japan
Size matters at Japan's phallus festival
Published: 2016/04/03
Channel: AFP news agency
Is this why they were called
Is this why they were called 'Sodomites?' Phallus Worship and Catastrophe at Sodom and Gommorah.
Published: 2016/12/18
Channel: Charles Kos
Un arbre a une branche en forme de phallus! ça en amuse plus d
Un arbre a une branche en forme de phallus! ça en amuse plus d'un en Asie...
Published: 2014/03/19
Channel: TomoNews France
How to Properly Eat Phallus Shaped Candy
How to Properly Eat Phallus Shaped Candy
Published: 2013/11/18
Channel: JJ866
Phallus worship: Hindu woman prays and pours milk over Shiva
Phallus worship: Hindu woman prays and pours milk over Shiva's lingam
Published: 2015/02/18
Channel: WildFilmsIndia
Male Phallus Worship Goes Back To Egypt
Male Phallus Worship Goes Back To Egypt
Published: 2014/11/24
Channel: GMS Shar Ahmath
ISLAM IS PHALLUS WORSHIP - a Perverse Religion Exposed
ISLAM IS PHALLUS WORSHIP - a Perverse Religion Exposed
Published: 2013/03/09
Channel: Vitus Maximus
Ungod - Phallus Cult
Ungod - Phallus Cult
Published: 2012/01/21
Channel: schiekron
Rare Roman Phallus find in South Wales
Rare Roman Phallus find in South Wales
Published: 2015/04/04
Channel: karl-james langford
Phallus ravenelii, stinkhorn mushroom
Phallus ravenelii, stinkhorn mushroom
Published: 2012/07/27
Channel: CUPlantPathPhotoLab
Psycho-Quoique EP.3 (1/2) : Fast and Furious, Castration et Phallus
Psycho-Quoique EP.3 (1/2) : Fast and Furious, Castration et Phallus
Published: 2016/07/10
Channel: Psycho-Quoique
In a tight spot: Man hospitalised after his phallus gets trapped in a wrench
In a tight spot: Man hospitalised after his phallus gets trapped in a wrench
Published: 2017/06/08
Channel: TomoWorld
Japan: Hodare fertility festival sees women ride giant wooden phallus
Japan: Hodare fertility festival sees women ride giant wooden phallus
Published: 2017/03/12
Channel: Ruptly TV
small phallus - How to get micropenis treatment
small phallus - How to get micropenis treatment
Published: 2013/11/25
Channel: Calvinsundquist Christinonmoyer
Countdown Blooper - Phallus (7 March 2017)
Countdown Blooper - Phallus (7 March 2017)
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: LamRyan1
The Divine Madman Bhutan
The Divine Madman Bhutan's Holy Phallus
Published: 2011/07/27
Channel: DiariesofaBackpacker
GWAR: Phallus In Wonderland (FULL CONCERT)
GWAR: Phallus In Wonderland (FULL CONCERT)
Published: 2017/03/23
Channel: The Orchard On Demand
DEADLY MURDER PHALLUS!
DEADLY MURDER PHALLUS!
Published: 2012/04/24
Channel: TobyGames
phallus thrusting
phallus thrusting
Published: 2017/06/24
Channel: fysher99
Elle coupe le phallus de son ex parce qu’il refuse de se remettre avec.
Elle coupe le phallus de son ex parce qu’il refuse de se remettre avec.
Published: 2015/03/30
Channel: TomoNews France
P H A L L U S
P H A L L U S
Published: 2015/12/11
Channel: Paul Salas
Sortie détection n°17 : Mais quel phallus!
Sortie détection n°17 : Mais quel phallus!
Published: 2016/08/11
Channel: P&J Hunters
Naked Festival, Baby Jumping & Phallus Festival | Whack
Naked Festival, Baby Jumping & Phallus Festival | Whack
Published: 2015/03/07
Channel: Whack
Sucks or Rules volume 3 with Hollywood Phallus and the Window Liquors
Sucks or Rules volume 3 with Hollywood Phallus and the Window Liquors
Published: 2014/10/23
Channel: RadioStatic Philly
PHALLUS SPIRITUS - SLG SHOT #5 - MATHIEU SOMMET
PHALLUS SPIRITUS - SLG SHOT #5 - MATHIEU SOMMET
Published: 2016/10/23
Channel: Mathieu Sommet
Phallus or penis paintings at Sobsokha village near Punakha, Bhutan
Phallus or penis paintings at Sobsokha village near Punakha, Bhutan
Published: 2014/03/25
Channel: WildFilmsIndia
Phallus Shrine - Princess Cave / Phra Nang, Krabi, Thailand
Phallus Shrine - Princess Cave / Phra Nang, Krabi, Thailand
Published: 2013/04/19
Channel: Samuel Degen
Phallus Symbols - Hidden Agendas - Amazon Logo - Latest Leak Project
Phallus Symbols - Hidden Agendas - Amazon Logo - Latest Leak Project
Published: 2017/01/16
Channel: Leak Project
Ärger durch Phallus bei Kreuzweg
Ärger durch Phallus bei Kreuzweg
Published: 2017/04/12
Channel: Oberösterreichische Nachrichten
GREEN Phallus of Satan: St. Patrick
GREEN Phallus of Satan: St. Patrick's Day LIBATION of LIBERALIA!
Published: 2015/03/17
Channel: Enterthe5t4rz
Bhoutan, au pays des phallus - Documentaire
Bhoutan, au pays des phallus - Documentaire
Published: 2016/09/21
Channel: Voyages et découvertes
Festival du phallus à Kawasaki au Japon
Festival du phallus à Kawasaki au Japon
Published: 2010/04/04
Channel: AFP
GWAR: Phallus In Wonderland (Trailer)
GWAR: Phallus In Wonderland (Trailer)
Published: 2015/05/04
Channel: The Orchard Movies
Le Phallus et le Pas Tout
Le Phallus et le Pas Tout
Published: 2016/10/29
Channel: Océan Invisible Productions
Весёлка обыкновенная (Phallus impudicus)
Весёлка обыкновенная (Phallus impudicus)
Published: 2016/09/11
Channel: Гриби України / Грибы Украины
Jane Gallop - The Phallus and its Temporalities: Sexuality, Disability, and Aging
Jane Gallop - The Phallus and its Temporalities: Sexuality, Disability, and Aging
Published: 2016/04/19
Channel: Western University
"Phallus Sieg"
"Phallus Sieg"
Published: 2012/11/07
Channel: Sitam Lohbach
Phallus — Doktor Allwissend
Phallus — Doktor Allwissend
Published: 2011/12/04
Channel: Doktor Allwissend
Japan
Japan's Hodare Festival: Newlywed Women Ride Giant Wooden Phallus
Published: 2017/03/14
Channel: Sputnik
Sherlock parody [2] - Mind Phallus
Sherlock parody [2] - Mind Phallus
Published: 2014/04/04
Channel: NRK
Shorter Phallus
Shorter Phallus
Published: 2006/12/30
Channel: Eric Klein
Phallic Symbols Are All Around You (Part 1 of 2)
Phallic Symbols Are All Around You (Part 1 of 2)
Published: 2009/07/18
Channel: ToNLiT
A la recherche du phallus doré
A la recherche du phallus doré
Published: 2016/11/12
Channel: ESPIWAY
Le phallus de la discorde
Le phallus de la discorde
Published: 2015/12/24
Channel: Couleur3
Top 10 Most Awkward Phallic Shaped Photos Ever Captured
Top 10 Most Awkward Phallic Shaped Photos Ever Captured
Published: 2016/01/09
Channel: WWE Top 10 Facts
Cate Blanchett Gets Naughty with Some Phallic Gum and On-Demand Belching
Cate Blanchett Gets Naughty with Some Phallic Gum and On-Demand Belching
Published: 2017/01/24
Channel: The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Mural of Priapus depicted with the attributes of Mercury in a fresco found in Pompeii

A phallus is a penis, especially when erect,[1] an object that resembles a penis, or a mimetic image of an erect penis.

Any object that symbolically—or, more precisely, iconically—resembles a penis may also be referred to as a phallus; however, such objects are more often referred to as being phallic (as in "phallic symbol"). Such symbols often represent fertility and cultural implications that are associated with the male sexual organ, as well as the male orgasm.

Etymology[edit]

Tintinnabulum from Pompeii showing a phallus

The term is a loanword from Latin phallus, itself borrowed from Greek φαλλός, which is ultimately a derivation from the Proto-Indo-European root *bʰel- "to inflate, swell". Compare with Old Norse (and modern Icelandic) boli "bull", Old English bulluc "bullock", Greek φαλλή "whale".[2]

Archaeology[edit]

The Hohle phallus, a 28,000-year-old siltstone phallus discovered in the Hohle Fels cave and first assembled in 2005, is among the oldest phallic representations known.[3]

Religion[edit]

Classical antiquity[edit]

Polyphallic wind chime from Pompeii; a bell hung from each phallus

In traditional Greek mythology, Hermes, god of boundaries and exchange (popularly the messenger god) is considered to be a phallic deity by association with representations of him on herms (pillars) featuring a phallus. There is no scholarly consensus on this depiction and it would be speculation to consider Hermes a type of fertility god. Pan, son of Hermes, was often depicted as having an exaggerated erect phallus.

Priapus is a Greek god of fertility whose symbol was an exaggerated phallus. The son of Aphrodite and either Dionysus or Adonis, according to different forms of the original myth, he is the protector of livestock, fruit plants, gardens, and male genitalia. His name is the origin of the medical term priapism.

The city of Tyrnavos in Greece holds an annual Phallus festival, a traditional phallophoric event on the first days of Lent.[4]

The phallus was ubiquitous in ancient Roman culture, particularly in the form of the fascinum, a phallic charm. The ruins of Pompeii produced bronze wind chimes (tintinnabula) that featured the phallus, often in multiples, to ward off the evil eye and other malevolent influences. Statues of Priapus similarly guarded gardens. Roman boys wore the bulla, an amulet that contained a phallic charm, until they formally came of age. According to Augustine of Hippo, the cult of Father Liber, who presided over the citizen's entry into political and sexual manhood, involved a phallus. The phallic deity Mutunus Tutunus promoted marital sex. A sacred phallus was among the objects considered vital to the security of the Roman state which were in the keeping of the Vestal Virgins. Sexuality in ancient Rome has sometimes been characterized as "phallocentric".

Ancient India[edit]

Traditional flower offering to a Lingam in Varanasi
Vima Kadphises with ithyphallic Shiva.

Shiva, the most ancient widely worshipped, and the foremost of the Indian deities with prehistoric origins, and the third of the Hindu Trinity—and the most widely worshipped and edified male deity in the Hindu pantheon, is worshipped much more commonly in the form of the Lingam, or the phallus. Evidence of phallic worship in India dates back to prehistoric times. Stone Lingams with several varieties of stylized "heads", or the glans, are found to this date in many of the old temples, and in museums in India and abroad. The famous "man-size" lingam in the Parashurameshwar Temple in the Chitoor District of the Indian State of Andhra Pradesh, better known as the Gudimallam Lingam, is about 1.5 metres (5 ft) in height, carved in polished black granite. The almost naturalistic giant lingam is distinguished by its prominent, bulbous "glans", and an anthropomorphic form of Parashurama carved in high relief on the "shaft". Shiva Lingams in India have tended to become more and more stylized over the centuries, and existing lingams from before the 6th century show a more leaning towards the naturalistic style, with the "glans" clearly indicated.

Etymology of “linga”, or “lingam”[edit]

Linguistic evidence indicates that the post-Vedic Hindus not only adopted the tradition/ cult of the linga from the pre-Vedic non-Aryans, but even the term itself is of Austric origin.

— Mahadev Chakravarti: The Concept of Rudra-Siva Through the Ages (p. 130)

The word "linga", while ubiquitous in the Austro-Asiatic world, cannot be seen originally to be occurring in the Indo-European languages. Chakravarti further says that when these two words entered Sanskrit, they, along with another word "langula" (tail) were derivations of the same root syllable "lang" or "lng". If this correlation is accepted on the basis of the obvious phonetic proximity between the three words linga ~ langala ~ langula, then it is not hard to recognize the semantic evolution of the words — because the usage of the phallus or the male generative organ in human procreation and the usage of a tool/implement like the ploughshare (langula) to till the earth for its fertility to bring forth life-supporting vegetation have a natural and spontaneous symbolical parallel and similarity to each other. Stone lingams have been found in several Indus Civilization sites, varying in size from 3 feet in length to very small pieces. These are found to be of steatite, sandstone and burnt clay. Some among these are unmistakably naturalistic in their rendition. Phallic worship was prevalent in India from the Chalcolithic period itself, and it was closely associated with magical rites based religion of that time.

Ancient Egypt[edit]

Statuette of Osiris with phallus and amulets

The phallus played a role in the cult of Osiris in ancient Egyptian religion. When Osiris' body was cut in 14 pieces, Set scattered them all over Egypt and his wife Isis retrieved all of them except one, his penis, which was swallowed by a fish; see the Legend of Osiris and Isis. Supposedly, Isis made a wooden replacement.

The phallus was a symbol of fertility, and the god Min was often depicted as ithyphallic, that is, with an erect penis.

Ithyphallic Man with a Harp, 3rd-4th century Brooklyn Museum

Indonesia[edit]

The Sultan's Palace of Kasepuhan with lingga-yoni structures.

In the nation of Indonesia, the phallic lingga and feminine yoni remain common symbols of harmony. The Sultan's Palace of Kasepuhan, in West Java, has a number of lingga-yoni carvings along its walls.

According to the Indonesian chronicles of the Babad Tanah Jawi, Prince Puger gained the kingly power from God, by ingesting sperm from the phallus of the already-dead Sultan Amangkurat II of Mataram.[5][6]

Bhutan[edit]

The phallus is commonly depicted in its paintings.

Ancient Scandinavia[edit]

Husavik Phallusmuseum (Icelandic Phallological Museum), Húsavík

Japan[edit]

The Mara Kannon Shrine (麻羅観音) in Nagato, Yamaguchi prefecture is one of many fertility shrines in Japan that still exist today. Also present in festivals such as the Danjiri Matsuri (だんじり祭)[7] in Kishiwada, Osaka prefecture, the Kanamara Matsuri, in Kawasaki, and the Hōnen Matsuri (豊年祭 Harvest Festival), in Komaki (小牧市 Komaki-shi), Aichi Prefecture (愛知県 Aichi-ken), though historically phallus adoration was more widespread.

Balkans[edit]

Phallus representation Cucuteni Culture 3000 BC

Kuker is a divinity personifying fecundity, sometimes in Bulgaria and Serbia it is a plural divinity. In Bulgaria, a ritual spectacle of spring (a sort of carnival performed by Kukeri) takes place after a scenario of folk theatre, in which Kuker's role is interpreted by a man attired in a sheep- or goat-pelt, wearing a horned mask and girded with a large wooden phallus. During the ritual, various physiological acts are interpreted, including the sexual act, as a symbol of the god's sacred marriage, while the symbolical wife, appearing pregnant, mimes the pains of giving birth. This ritual inaugurates the labours of the fields (ploughing, sowing) and is carried out with the participation of numerous allegorical personages, among which is the Emperor and his entourage.[8]

Switzerland[edit]

The bear on the arms of Portein, Switzerland has a clearly visible red phallus, in accordance with the long-held tradition.

In Switzerland, the heraldic bears in a coat of arms had to be painted with bright red penises, or would be mocked as being she-bears. In 1579, a calendar printed in St. Gallen omitted the genitals from the heraldic bear of Appenzell, nearly leading to war between the two cantons.[9][10][11]

The Americas[edit]

Figures of Kokopelli and Itzamna (as the Mayan tonsured maize god) in Pre-Columbian America often include phallic content. Additionally, over forty large monolithic sculptures (Xkeptunich) have been documented from Terminal Classic Maya sites with the majority of examples occurring in the Puuc region of Yucatán (Amrhein 2001). Uxmal has the largest collection with eleven sculptures now housed under a protective roof on site. The largest sculpture was recorded at Almuchil measuring more than 320 cm high with a diameter at the base of the shaft measuring 44 cm.[12]

Alternative sects[edit]

In the Ecclesia Gnostica Catholica, founded by Aleister Crowley, some chapters practice the consumption of semen during the Gnostic Mass.[13]

St. Priapus Church (French: Église S. Priape) is a North American new religion that centres on the worship of the phallus. Founded in the 1980s in Montreal, Quebec, by D. F. Cassidy, it has a following mainly among homosexual men in Canada and the United States. Semen is also treated with reverence and its consumption is an act of worship.[14] Semen is esteemed as sacred because of its divine life-giving power.

Psychoanalysis[edit]

Phallic-Head Plate, Gubbio, Italy, 1536

The symbolic version of the phallus, a phallic symbol is meant to represent male generative powers. According to Sigmund Freud's theory of psychoanalysis, while males possess a penis, no one can possess the symbolic phallus. Jacques Lacan's Ecrits: A Selection includes an essay titled The Signification of the Phallus which articulates the difference between "being" and "having" the phallus. Men are positioned as men insofar as they are seen to have the phallus. Women, not having the phallus, are seen to "be" the phallus. The symbolic phallus is the concept of being the ultimate man, and having this is compared to having the divine gift of a god.

In Gender Trouble, Judith Butler explores Freud's and Lacan's discussions of the symbolic phallus by pointing out the connection between the phallus and the penis. She writes, "The law requires conformity to its own notion of 'nature'. It gains its legitimacy through the binary and asymmetrical naturalization of bodies in which the phallus, though clearly not identical to the penis, deploys the penis as its naturalized instrument and sign". In Bodies that Matter, she further explores the possibilities for the phallus in her discussion of The Lesbian Phallus. If, as she notes, Freud enumerates a set of analogies and substitutions that rhetorically affirm the fundamental transferability of the phallus from the penis elsewhere, then any number of other things might come to stand in for the phallus.

Modern use of the phallus[edit]

The phallus is often used to advertise pornography, as well as the sale of contraception. It has often been used in provocative practical jokes[15] and has been the central focus of adult-audience performances.[16]

The phallus had a new set of art interpretations in the 20th century with the rise of Sigmund Freud, the founder of modern psychoanalysis of psychology. One example is "Princess X"[17] by the Romanian modernist sculptor Constantin Brâncuși. He created a scandal in the Salon in 1919 when he represented or caricatured Princess Marie Bonaparte as a large gleaming bronze phallus. This phallus likely symbolizes Bonaparte's obsession with the penis and her lifelong quest to achieve vaginal orgasm.[18]

See also the Most Phallic Building contest for examples of phallic architecture.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ "Definition of phallus in English" Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
  2. ^ etymonline.com
  3. ^ Amos, Jonathan (2005-07-25). "Ancient phallus unearthed in cave". BBC News. Retrieved 2006-07-08. 
  4. ^ "The Annual Phallus Festival in Greece", Der Spiegel, English edition, Retrieved on the 15-12-08
  5. ^ Moertono, Soemarsaid (2009). State and Statecraft in Old Java: A Study of the Later Mataram Period, 16th to 19th Century. Equinoc Publishing. p. 68. ISBN 9786028397438. 
  6. ^ Darmaputera, Eka (1988). Pancasila and the search for identity and modernity in Indonesian society: a cultural and ethical analysis. BRILL. pp. 108–9. ISBN 9789004084223. 
  7. ^ Danjiri Matsuri Festival
  8. ^ Kernbach, Victor (1989). Dicţionar de Mitologie Generală. Bucureşti: Editura Ştiinţifică şi Enciclopedică. ISBN 973-29-0030-X.
  9. ^ Neubecker, Ottfried (1976). Heraldry : sources, symbols, and meaning. New York: McGraw-Hill. p. 120. ISBN 9780070463080. 
  10. ^ Strehler, Hermann (1965). "Das Churer Missale von 1589". Gutenberg-Jahrbuch. 40: 186. 
  11. ^ Grzimek, Bernhard (1972). Grzimek’s Animal life encyclopedia. 12. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. p. 119. 
  12. ^ Amrhein, Laura Marie (2001). An Iconographic and Historic Analysis of Terminal Classic Maya Phallic Imagery. Unpublished PhD dissertation, Richmond: Virginia Commonwealth University.
  13. ^ Gallagher, Eugene. Ashcraft, Michael. Introduction to New and Alternative Religions in America, Greenwood, 2006, ISBN 0-275-98712-4, p.101
  14. ^ J. Gordon Melton (1996, 5th ed.). Encyclopedia of American Religions (Detroit, Mich.: Gale) ISBN 0-8103-7714-4 p. 952.
  15. ^ "Yale Band Punished for Half-Time Show". The Harvard Crimson. Retrieved 2008-12-01. 
  16. ^ Hurwitt, Robert (2002-11-01). "Puppetry of the Penis". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2008-12-01. 
  17. ^ Philamuseum.org
  18. ^ Mary Roach. Bonk: The Curious Coupling of Science and Sex. W. W. Norton and Co, New York (2008).  page 66f, page 73

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

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