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Introduction to Phonetics
Introduction to Phonetics
Published: 2014/07/18
Channel: English Language Club
[Introduction to Linguistics] (OLD) Phonetics and Basics of Transcription
[Introduction to Linguistics] (OLD) Phonetics and Basics of Transcription
Published: 2015/03/29
Channel: TheTrevTutor
Introduction to Phonetics and Phonology
Introduction to Phonetics and Phonology
Published: 2013/06/26
Channel: paeselb
The Phonetics Symbols Course - Lesson 1
The Phonetics Symbols Course - Lesson 1
Published: 2011/08/28
Channel: VirtuAule English Language System
International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) | English Pronunciation
International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) | English Pronunciation
Published: 2014/08/26
Channel: Crown Academy of English
Introduction to Articulatory Phonetics (Consonants)
Introduction to Articulatory Phonetics (Consonants)
Published: 2015/01/28
Channel: Ubc VISIBLE SPEECH
Phonetics: how to Speak correctly
Phonetics: how to Speak correctly
Published: 2016/11/25
Channel: nikita rathi
PHONETICS - 1 | AN INTRODUCTION || ARTICULATORY, AUDITORY & ACOUSTIC PHONETICS ||VOICED & VOICELESS|
PHONETICS - 1 | AN INTRODUCTION || ARTICULATORY, AUDITORY & ACOUSTIC PHONETICS ||VOICED & VOICELESS|
Published: 2018/01/25
Channel: English made easy with Swarnshikha
English phonetics the sounds of English
English phonetics the sounds of English
Published: 2013/04/27
Channel: Fluência em inglês
Phonics Song 2
Phonics Song 2
Published: 2009/09/22
Channel: KidsTV123
Interactive Phonetic chart for English Pronunciation
Interactive Phonetic chart for English Pronunciation
Published: 2011/03/01
Channel: English Language Club
English Pronunciation | Vowel Sounds | Improve Your Accent & Speak Clearly
English Pronunciation | Vowel Sounds | Improve Your Accent & Speak Clearly
Published: 2016/06/14
Channel: mmmEnglish
Learn Phonetics - International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA)
Learn Phonetics - International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA)
Published: 2017/09/26
Channel: English Like A Native
أساسيات الصوتيات في اللغة الانجليزية phonetics
أساسيات الصوتيات في اللغة الانجليزية phonetics
Published: 2016/06/18
Channel: تعلم الإنجليزية مع مستر هابي
Phonetics (pt. 1)
Phonetics (pt. 1)
Published: 2014/09/11
Channel: Evan Ashworth
Phonetic Transcription
Phonetic Transcription
Published: 2017/11/16
Channel: Gramideo
What is Phonetics
What is Phonetics
Published: 2016/09/13
Channel: English Pronunciation Roadmap
كورس شامل يشرح الصوتيات فى اللغة اﻻنجليزية phonetics for english
كورس شامل يشرح الصوتيات فى اللغة اﻻنجليزية phonetics for english
Published: 2016/09/07
Channel: موقع المدرس التعليمى
English Phonetics (Symbols and Pronunciation)
English Phonetics (Symbols and Pronunciation)
Published: 2015/06/10
Channel: KelshyTube
REET 2018 /English  Level 1& 2 English Sounds 1/Phonetics- VOWELS /स्वर-विज्ञान 1/स्वर
REET 2018 /English Level 1& 2 English Sounds 1/Phonetics- VOWELS /स्वर-विज्ञान 1/स्वर
Published: 2017/12/09
Channel: MY SUPER BITES
Saifurs Phonetics with YEASIR SIR 01
Saifurs Phonetics with YEASIR SIR 01
Published: 2016/01/19
Channel: Yeasir Ahmed Milan
Phonetic Chart Explained
Phonetic Chart Explained
Published: 2014/07/13
Channel: English Language Club
Phonetic Transcription in Hindi (हिंदी में)
Phonetic Transcription in Hindi (हिंदी में)
Published: 2018/01/29
Channel: Gramideo
learning alphabets for kids | Phonetics for kids
learning alphabets for kids | Phonetics for kids
Published: 2017/01/03
Channel: Rainbow Super Kids
Phonetics: Short and Long Vowels
Phonetics: Short and Long Vowels
Published: 2016/05/24
Channel: Lott English Academy
IPA VOWELS
IPA VOWELS
Published: 2007/02/11
Channel: ezbreezy
Introduction to Articulatory Phonetics (Vowels)
Introduction to Articulatory Phonetics (Vowels)
Published: 2015/02/04
Channel: Ubc VISIBLE SPEECH
Pronunciation Tutorial 3: English Vowels and the International Phonetic Alphabet
Pronunciation Tutorial 3: English Vowels and the International Phonetic Alphabet
Published: 2012/05/06
Channel: Fluent Forever – Learn Any Language
Phonics Songs | Learn Alphabet, ABC and Phonics Sounds in 20 Min by Hooplakidz
Phonics Songs | Learn Alphabet, ABC and Phonics Sounds in 20 Min by Hooplakidz
Published: 2014/06/23
Channel: HooplaKidz - Official Nursery Rhymes Channel
REET English - Phonetics Transcription (Hindi) language-2.
REET English - Phonetics Transcription (Hindi) language-2.
Published: 2017/11/09
Channel: wah! kya baat hai educational channel.
Explained: The relationship between phonetics and phonology
Explained: The relationship between phonetics and phonology
Published: 2012/10/31
Channel: Phloneme
Phonetics & Phonology: Linguistics
Phonetics & Phonology: Linguistics
Published: 2014/07/18
Channel: 4Educ8ion
RPSC SCHOOL LECTURER ENGLISH PHONETICS || RPSC  2NG GRADE ,KVS ,NVS  PHONETICS  CHAPTER -2  ||
RPSC SCHOOL LECTURER ENGLISH PHONETICS || RPSC 2NG GRADE ,KVS ,NVS PHONETICS CHAPTER -2 ||
Published: 2017/11/16
Channel: Knowledge Planet India
Reading English - Best Phonics practice for Kids
Reading English - Best Phonics practice for Kids
Published: 2014/03/19
Channel: How Tuts
RPSC 1ST GRADE ENGLISH PHONETICS TRANSCRIPTION| KVS, NVS , TGT , PGT  ENGLISH  || PHONETICS T ||
RPSC 1ST GRADE ENGLISH PHONETICS TRANSCRIPTION| KVS, NVS , TGT , PGT ENGLISH || PHONETICS T ||
Published: 2017/11/15
Channel: Knowledge Planet India
Pronunciation Tutorial 1: English Pronunciation and IPA: Voicing and Place
Pronunciation Tutorial 1: English Pronunciation and IPA: Voicing and Place
Published: 2012/03/10
Channel: Fluent Forever – Learn Any Language
Learn English - Phonetics Lesson 1 - Consonants
Learn English - Phonetics Lesson 1 - Consonants
Published: 2015/04/26
Channel: RyanHDProductions
English (General American) Pronunciation, Video 1: English (GA) Phonetics and Spelling
English (General American) Pronunciation, Video 1: English (GA) Phonetics and Spelling
Published: 2017/03/28
Channel: Fluent Forever – Learn Any Language
English Pronunciation & Phonetics by TalentHut -Part-1 (Bangla tutorial)
English Pronunciation & Phonetics by TalentHut -Part-1 (Bangla tutorial)
Published: 2016/12/22
Channel: TalentHut Institute Bangla
Phonetics
Phonetics
Published: 2014/06/25
Channel: LAQSHYA Group of Colleges
An Introduction to Phonetics: The Consonants of the IPA, Part I
An Introduction to Phonetics: The Consonants of the IPA, Part I
Published: 2017/05/16
Channel: The Linguistics Channel
British English Pronunciation - Are Phonetics Important? - Learn English
British English Pronunciation - Are Phonetics Important? - Learn English
Published: 2009/08/09
Channel: Britlish - Learn British English
British English Pronunciation and the Importance of Phonetics
British English Pronunciation and the Importance of Phonetics
Published: 2015/02/19
Channel: Britlish - Learn British English
Phonetic Symbols (B.Ed.) Lecture by Ms. Suman Choudhary.
Phonetic Symbols (B.Ed.) Lecture by Ms. Suman Choudhary.
Published: 2013/05/10
Channel: Guru Kpo
Teaching English phonetics in Primary classes - Tamil Nadu
Teaching English phonetics in Primary classes - Tamil Nadu
Published: 2017/02/14
Channel: Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
Why are Phonetics Important- - Learn English - Vocabulary. - YouTube.flv
Why are Phonetics Important- - Learn English - Vocabulary. - YouTube.flv
Published: 2011/12/20
Channel: falak
American English Consonants - IPA - Pronunciation - International Phonetic Alphabet
American English Consonants - IPA - Pronunciation - International Phonetic Alphabet
Published: 2011/07/25
Channel: Rachel's English
RPSC 1ST , 2ND GRADE EXAM ENGLISH PHONETICS || KVS , NVS TGT , PGT PRT,TET PHONETICS  CHAPTER -3  ||
RPSC 1ST , 2ND GRADE EXAM ENGLISH PHONETICS || KVS , NVS TGT , PGT PRT,TET PHONETICS CHAPTER -3 ||
Published: 2017/11/18
Channel: Knowledge Planet India
Phonetics Exercises: Connected Speech
Phonetics Exercises: Connected Speech
Published: 2014/06/09
Channel: VirtuAule English Language System
How to learn the phonetics of every language - A Conference in Brno
How to learn the phonetics of every language - A Conference in Brno
Published: 2018/02/18
Channel: Luca Lampariello
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Phonetics (pronounced /fəˈnɛtɪks/) is a branch of linguistics that studies the sounds of human speech, or—in the case of sign languages—the equivalent aspects of sign.[1] It is concerned with the physical properties of speech sounds or signs (phones): their physiological production, acoustic properties, auditory perception, and neurophysiological status. Phonology, on the other hand, is concerned with the abstract, grammatical characterization of systems of sounds or signs.

In the case of oral languages, phonetics has three basic areas of study:


History[edit]

Phonetics was studied by 4th century BCE, and possibly as early as the 6th century BCE, in the Indian subcontinent, with Pāṇini's account of the place and manner of articulation of consonants in his treatise on Sanskrit. The major Indic alphabets today order their consonants according to Pāṇini's classification.

Modern phonetics begins with attempts—such as those of Joshua Steele (in Prosodia Rationalis, 1779) and Alexander Melville Bell (in Visible Speech, 1867)—to introduce systems of precise notation for speech sounds.[3][4]

The study of phonetics grew quickly in the late 19th century partly due to the invention of the phonograph, which allowed the speech signal to be recorded. Phoneticians were able to replay the speech signal several times and apply acoustic filters to the signal. By doing so, they were able to more carefully deduce the acoustic nature of the speech signal.

Using an Edison phonograph, Ludimar Hermann investigated the spectral properties of vowels and consonants. It was in these papers that the term formant was first introduced. Hermann also played vowel recordings made with the Edison phonograph at different speeds in order to test Willis', and Wheatstone's theories of vowel production.

Relation to phonology[edit]

In contrast to phonetics, phonology is the study of how sounds and gestures pattern in and across languages, relating such concerns with other levels and aspects of language. Phonetics deals with the articulatory and acoustic properties of speech sounds, how they are produced, and how they are perceived. As part of this investigation, phoneticians may concern themselves with the physical properties of meaningful sound contrasts or the social meaning encoded in the speech signal (socio-phonetics) (e.g. gender, sexuality, ethnicity, etc.). However, a substantial portion of research in phonetics is not concerned with the meaningful elements in the speech signal.

While it is widely agreed that phonology is grounded in phonetics, phonology is a distinct branch of linguistics, concerned with sounds and gestures as abstract units (e.g., distinctive features, phonemes, morae, syllables, etc.) and their conditioned variation (via, e.g., allophonic rules, constraints, or derivational rules).[5] Phonology relates to phonetics via the set of distinctive features, which map the abstract representations of speech units to articulatory gestures, acoustic signals or perceptual representations.[6][7][8]

Subfields[edit]

Phonetics as a research discipline has three main branches:[9]

Transcription[edit]

Phonetic transcription is a system for transcribing sounds that occur in a language, whether oral or sign. The most widely known system of phonetic transcription, the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA), provides a standardized set of symbols for oral phones.[10][11] The standardized nature of the IPA enables its users to transcribe accurately and consistently the phones of different languages, dialects, and idiolects.[10][12][13] The IPA is a useful tool not only for the study of phonetics, but also for language teaching, professional acting, and speech pathology.[12]

Applications[edit]

Applications of phonetics include:

  • Forensic phonetics: the use of phonetics (the science of speech) for forensic (legal) purposes.
  • Speech recognition: the analysis and transcription of recorded speech by a computer system.
  • Speech synthesis: the production of human speech by a computer system.
  • Pronunciation: to learn actual pronunciation of words of various languages.

Practical phonetic training[edit]

Studying phonetics involves not only learning theoretical material but also undergoing training in the production and perception of speech sounds.[14] The latter is often known as ear-training. Students must learn control of articulatory variables and develop their ability to recognize fine differences between different vowels and consonants.[15][16] As part of the training, they must become expert in using phonetic symbols, usually those of the International Phonetic Alphabet.[17]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ O'Grady (2005) p.15
  2. ^ R. L. Trask (1996) A Dictionary of Phonetics and Phonology. Abingdon: Routledge. p. 34.
  3. ^ T.V.F. Brogan: English Versification, 1570–1980. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1981. E394.
  4. ^ Alexander Melville Bell 1819-1905 . University at Buffalo, The State University of New York.
  5. ^ Kingston, John. 2007. The Phonetics-Phonology Interface, in The Cambridge Handbook of Phonology (ed. Paul DeLacy), Cambridge University Press.
  6. ^ Halle, Morris. 1983. On Distinctive Features and their articulatory implementation, Natural Language and Linguistic Theory, p. 91 - 105
  7. ^ Jakobson, Roman, Gunnar Fant, and Morris Halle. 1976. Preliminaries to Speech Analysis: The Distinctive Features and their Correlates, MIT Press.
  8. ^ Hall, T. Allen. 2001. Phonological representations and phonetic implementation of distinctive features, Mouton de Gruyter.
  9. ^ O'Connor, J.D. (1973). Phonetics. Pelican. pp. 16–17. ISBN 978-0140215601. 
  10. ^ a b O'Grady (2005) p.17
  11. ^ International Phonetic Association (1999) Handbook of the International Phonetic Association. Cambridge University Press.
  12. ^ a b Ladefoged, Peter (1975) A Course in Phonetics. Orlando: Harcourt Brace. 5th ed. Boston: Thomson/Wadsworth 2006.
  13. ^ Ladefoged, Peter & Ian Maddieson (1996) The Sounds of the World’s Languages. Oxford: Blackwell.
  14. ^ Jones, Daniel (1948). "The London school of phonetics". Zeitschrift für Phonetik 11 (3/4): 127-135. (Reprinted in W. E. Jones and J. Laver, Phonetics in Linguistics, Longman, 1973, pp. 180–186.)
  15. ^ J. C. Catford: A Practical Introduction to Phonetics (2001). Oxford University Press, 2nd ed., p. 1. ISBN 0-19-924635-1
  16. ^ Abercrombie, D. (1967). Elements of General Phonetics. Edinburgh. p. 155
  17. ^ Peter Roach http://www.peterroach.net/practical-phonetic-training.html

References[edit]

  • O'Grady, William; et al. (2005). Contemporary Linguistics: An Introduction (5th ed.). Bedford/St. Martin's. ISBN 0-312-41936-8. 
  • Stearns, Peter; Adas, Michael; Schwartz, Stuart; Gilbert, Marc Jason (2001). World Civilizations (3rd ed.). New York: Longman. ISBN 0-321-04479-7. 

External links[edit]

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