FL Studio Basics 5: The Piano Roll

Channel: SeamlessR   |   2013/09/01
Play Video
1
FL Studio Basics 5: The Piano Roll
FL Studio Basics 5: The Piano Roll
::2013/09/01::
Play Video
2
61-KEY FLEXIBLE ROLL-UP SOFTKEY MIDI KEYBOARD PIANO (Heart and Soul)
61-KEY FLEXIBLE ROLL-UP SOFTKEY MIDI KEYBOARD PIANO (Heart and Soul)
::2012/03/13::
Play Video
3
Piano roll production at QRS Music
Piano roll production at QRS Music
::2007/03/18::
Play Video
4
Player piano roll "Yes We Have No Bananas"
Player piano roll "Yes We Have No Bananas"
::2010/06/09::
Play Video
5
"Dixie"  player piano roll
"Dixie" player piano roll
::2010/06/07::
Play Video
6
Tutorial 13 - Fl Studio. Piano Roll, Funciones principales
Tutorial 13 - Fl Studio. Piano Roll, Funciones principales
::2011/09/10::
Play Video
7
George Gershwin, 1925 Piano Roll: Rhapsody in Blue - Michael Tilson Thomas, Columbia Jazz Band
George Gershwin, 1925 Piano Roll: Rhapsody in Blue - Michael Tilson Thomas, Columbia Jazz Band
::2011/03/31::
Play Video
8
You Do Something To Me  3/1930  Cole Porter Player Piano Roll  2012 01 19 17 10 32
You Do Something To Me 3/1930 Cole Porter Player Piano Roll 2012 01 19 17 10 32
::2012/01/19::
Play Video
9
Alexanders Ragtime Band -player piano roll
Alexanders Ragtime Band -player piano roll
::2010/09/16::
Play Video
10
Universal Piano Roll - Tuneful Broadway - Ragtime Overtures
Universal Piano Roll - Tuneful Broadway - Ragtime Overtures
::2010/12/28::
Play Video
11
Видеоурок #5 "Создаем партию инструмента в Piano Roll"
Видеоурок #5 "Создаем партию инструмента в Piano Roll"
::2011/04/15::
Play Video
12
Ravel "Pavane pour une infante défunte" 1922 piano roll
Ravel "Pavane pour une infante défunte" 1922 piano roll
::2013/10/07::
Play Video
13
Boogie Woogie - Piano roll QRS #7882
Boogie Woogie - Piano roll QRS #7882
::2010/10/28::
Play Video
14
The Sheik of Araby - Zez Confrey Piano Roll
The Sheik of Araby - Zez Confrey Piano Roll
::2012/03/07::
Play Video
15
Logic Pro X - Video Tutorial 27 - MIDI Piano Roll Editor, part 1
Logic Pro X - Video Tutorial 27 - MIDI Piano Roll Editor, part 1
::2014/02/02::
Play Video
16
FL Studio 11 Tutorials For Beginners #3 | Tools in Piano Roll
FL Studio 11 Tutorials For Beginners #3 | Tools in Piano Roll
::2013/06/05::
Play Video
17
FL Studio Tutorial - 9 - Piano Roll
FL Studio Tutorial - 9 - Piano Roll
::2013/08/01::
Play Video
18
El cristal del Piano Roll y atajos de teclado
El cristal del Piano Roll y atajos de teclado
::2012/07/01::
Play Video
19
Dj ibrahim çelik piano roll 2013
Dj ibrahim çelik piano roll 2013
::2013/03/24::
Play Video
20
Charleston - Piano roll QRS #8691
Charleston - Piano roll QRS #8691
::2011/01/16::
Play Video
21
Al Jolson and the Andrews Sisters - The Old Piano Roll Blues (1950)
Al Jolson and the Andrews Sisters - The Old Piano Roll Blues (1950)
::2011/05/29::
Play Video
22
FL Studio Tutorial Series: Lesson 8 - Advanced Piano Roll Tricks and Techniques
FL Studio Tutorial Series: Lesson 8 - Advanced Piano Roll Tricks and Techniques
::2009/10/26::
Play Video
23
FL Studio 10 Piano Roll Tutorial
FL Studio 10 Piano Roll Tutorial
::2011/06/08::
Play Video
24
Swanee US Piano Roll Original 1919 Version Player Piano Roll
Swanee US Piano Roll Original 1919 Version Player Piano Roll
::2010/03/04::
Play Video
25
COMO USAR PIANO ROLL DE FL STUDIO
COMO USAR PIANO ROLL DE FL STUDIO
::2011/10/13::
Play Video
26
Over the Top (Tom Brier) player piano roll
Over the Top (Tom Brier) player piano roll
::2014/03/25::
Play Video
27
Liberace Piano Roll Blues
Liberace Piano Roll Blues
::2013/03/26::
Play Video
28
SONAR X2: Get Started - Piano Roll
SONAR X2: Get Started - Piano Roll
::2013/01/17::
Play Video
29
FL Studio Piano Roll Tutorial [HD]
FL Studio Piano Roll Tutorial [HD]
::2009/03/23::
Play Video
30
Dj ibrahim çelik piano roll 2013 2014 Full İndir İzle
Dj ibrahim çelik piano roll 2013 2014 Full İndir İzle
::2013/12/24::
Play Video
31
fl studio shortcuts to quickly copy patterns in the piano roll
fl studio shortcuts to quickly copy patterns in the piano roll
::2012/11/13::
Play Video
32
Logic Pro X tutorial: Editing your performances in the Piano Roll Editor | lynda.com
Logic Pro X tutorial: Editing your performances in the Piano Roll Editor | lynda.com
::2013/10/23::
Play Video
33
FL Studio 10 How To Copy Paste Notes In The Piano Roll
FL Studio 10 How To Copy Paste Notes In The Piano Roll
::2012/05/09::
Play Video
34
Logic Pro tutorials (4) Piano-Roll (1/16)
Logic Pro tutorials (4) Piano-Roll (1/16)
::2011/08/20::
Play Video
35
LMMS Tutorial - The Piano Roll
LMMS Tutorial - The Piano Roll
::2009/11/09::
Play Video
36
Ableton Live 9 - The MIDI Files [+ Piano Roll Tutorial]
Ableton Live 9 - The MIDI Files [+ Piano Roll Tutorial]
::2013/05/28::
Play Video
37
REAPER Tutorial 5 - Piano Roll
REAPER Tutorial 5 - Piano Roll
::2010/01/01::
Play Video
38
Reaper для начинающих. Piano roll (часть 5)
Reaper для начинающих. Piano roll (часть 5)
::2011/09/14::
Play Video
39
FL Studio Tutorials - Pitching Samples In The Piano Roll
FL Studio Tutorials - Pitching Samples In The Piano Roll
::2011/10/30::
Play Video
40
PIANO ROLL PART 1 - FL Studio Tutorial [german / english subtitle]
PIANO ROLL PART 1 - FL Studio Tutorial [german / english subtitle]
::2011/08/05::
Play Video
41
FL Studio: ¡Haz tu música ya! (LAS NOTAS Y EL USO DEL PIANO ROLL)
FL Studio: ¡Haz tu música ya! (LAS NOTAS Y EL USO DEL PIANO ROLL)
::2013/02/05::
Play Video
42
Scott Joplin: The Entertainer (piano roll performance by Scott Joplin)
Scott Joplin: The Entertainer (piano roll performance by Scott Joplin)
::2013/10/15::
Play Video
43
Liberace Piano Roll Blues 1
Liberace Piano Roll Blues 1
::2013/08/31::
Play Video
44
Popular Songs of Other Days player piano roll
Popular Songs of Other Days player piano roll
::2012/11/09::
Play Video
45
FL Studio - Edison WAV data to Piano Roll Notes
FL Studio - Edison WAV data to Piano Roll Notes
::2009/09/19::
Play Video
46
FL Studio Tutorial - Beginners, Intro to the New Piano Roll by VscorpianC
FL Studio Tutorial - Beginners, Intro to the New Piano Roll by VscorpianC
::2011/08/14::
Play Video
47
American Patrol - Piano roll QRS #1354
American Patrol - Piano roll QRS #1354
::2010/09/29::
Play Video
48
Logic Pro X Piano Roll Draw Instruments
Logic Pro X Piano Roll Draw Instruments
::2013/08/08::
Play Video
49
FL STUDIO: 15 Trików w Piano Roll
FL STUDIO: 15 Trików w Piano Roll
::2013/10/02::
Play Video
50
Sonar x2 Drum editing in Piano roll view
Sonar x2 Drum editing in Piano roll view
::2013/02/24::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
A stack of piano rolls, some in boxes, some not.
First part of a piano roll for Welte-Mignon with lines for a pianolist

A piano roll is a music storage medium used to operate a player piano, piano player or reproducing piano. A piano roll is a continuous roll of paper with perforations (holes) punched into it. The perforations represent note control data. The roll moves over a reading system known as a 'tracker bar' and the playing cycle for each musical note is triggered when a perforation crosses the bar and is read.

The majority of piano rolls play on three distinct musical scales. The 65-note (with a playing range of A-1 to C#7) format was introduced in 1896 in the USA specifically for piano music. In 1900 a USA format playing all 88-notes of the standard piano scale was introduced. In 1902 a German 72-note scale (F-1, G-1 to E7) was introduced. All of these scales were subject to being operated by piano rolls of varying dimensions. The 1909 Buffalo Convention of US manufacturers standardized the US industry to the 88-note scale and fixed the physical dimensions for that scale.

Piano rolls were in continuous mass production from around 1896 to 2008,[1][2] and are still available today, with QRS Music claiming to have 45,000 titles available with "new titles being added on a regular basis".[3] Largely replacing piano rolls, which are no longer mass-produced today, MIDI files represent a modern way in which musical performance data can be stored. MIDI files accomplish digitally and electronically what piano rolls do mechanically. Software for editing a performance stored as MIDI data often has a feature to show the music in a piano roll representation.

The first paper rolls were used commercially by Welte & Sons in their Orchestrions beginning in 1883.[4]

A rollography is a listing of piano rolls, especially made by a single performer, analogous to a discography.[5]

Metronomic, hand played, and reproducing rolls[edit]

Metronomic or arranged rolls are rolls produced by positioning the music slots without real-time input. The music, when played back, is typically purely metronomical. Metronomically arranged music rolls are deliberately left metronomic so as to enable a player-pianist to create their own musical performance via the hand controls that are a feature of all player pianos.

Hand played rolls are created by capturing in real-time the hand-played performance of one or more pianists upon a piano connected to a recording machine. The production roll reproduced the real-time performance of the original recording whilst played back at a constant speed. It is industry convention for recordings of music intended to be used for dancing to be regularized into strict tempo despite the original performance having the slight tempo fluctuations of all human performances.

Reproducing rolls are the same as hand-played rolls but have additional control codes to operate the dynamic modifying systems specific to whichever brand of reproducing piano it is designed to be played back on. The roll plays back at a fixed constant speed to preserve the inter-relationship of these control codes and the time it takes for the pianos dynamic mechanisms to operate between sequential control codes.

Compositions for pianola and reproducing piano[edit]

The player piano gives the opportunity to create music that is impossible for humans to play, or, more correctly, music that was not conceived in terms of performance by hand. Over one hundred composers wrote music specially for the player piano during the course of the 20th century. Many mainstream composers experimented with its possibilities, including Igor Stravinsky, Alfredo Casella, and Paul Hindemith; others, including Conlon Nancarrow, made it their primary milieu.

The Duo-Art, Ampico, and Welte-Mignon brands were known as "reproducing" piano rolls, as they could accurately reproduce the touch and dynamics of the artist as well as the notes struck, when played back on capable pianos.

Reproducing pianos[edit]

Tracker bar of a Welte-Mignon

Rolls for the reproducing piano were generally made from the recorded performances of famous musicians. Typically, a pianist would sit at a specially designed recording piano, and the pitch and duration of any notes played would be either marked or perforated on a blank roll, together with the duration of the sustaining and soft pedal.

Reproducing pianos can also re-create the dynamics of a pianist's performance by means of specially encoded control perforations placed towards the edges of a music roll, but this coding was never recorded automatically. Different companies had different ways of notating dynamics, some technically advanced (though not necessarily more effective), some secret, and some dependent entirely on a recording producer's handwritten notes, but in all cases these dynamic hieroglyphics had to be skillfully converted into the specialized perforated codes needed by the different types of instrument.

Recorded rolls play at a specific, marked speed, where for example, 70 signifies 7 feet of paper travel in one minute, at the start of the roll. On all pneumatic player pianos, the paper is pulled on to a take-up spool, and as more paper winds on, so the effective diameter of the spool increases, and with it the paper speed. Player piano engineers were well aware of this, as can be seen from many patents of the time, but since reproducing piano recordings were generally made with a similar take-up spool drive, the tempo of the recorded performance is faithfully reproduced, despite the gradually increasing paper speed.

The playing of many pianists and composers is preserved on reproducing piano roll. Gustav Mahler, Edvard Grieg, Claude Debussy, Scott Joplin, Sergei Rachmaninoff, Sergei Prokofiev, Alexander Nikolayevich Scriabin, Jelly Roll Morton and George Gershwin are amongst the composers who have had their performances recorded in this way.

Duo-Art featured artists such as Ignace Jan Paderewski, George Gershwin, Maurice Ravel, Percy Grainger, Leopold Godowsky and Ferruccio Busoni. The Ampico brand's featured artists included Sergei Rachmaninoff, Leo Ornstein, Mischa Levitzki, Winifred MacBride, and Marguerite Volavy. For Welte-Mignon, the first reproducing system, there played artists such as Gustav Mahler, Claude Debussy, Alexander Scriabin, Enrique Granados, Eugen d'Albert, Josef Lhevinne, Raoul Pugno, and Carl Reinecke (who was the earliest-born pianist to record in any media format).

There were hundreds of companies worldwide producing rolls during the peak period of their popularity (1900–1927). Some other non-reproducing rolls makers of live performances are listed below together with their most memorable recording artistes.

In digital audio workstations[edit]

In most of the modern digital audio workstation software, the term "piano roll" is used to refer to a graphical display of and means of editing MIDI note data, as well as entering the pitch, length and velocity of notes manually instead of recording the output of a keyboard or other device for entering note data. Usually a means of manually editing other aspects of the MIDI data, such as pitch bend or modulation, is also present, although not strictly part of the piano roll itself.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Elaine Obenchain: The complete catalog of Ampico Reproducing Piano rolls. New York: American Piano Co., ca.. 1977. ISBN 0-9601172-1-0; (out of print).
  • Charles Davis Smith: Duo-Art piano music: a complete classified catalog of music recorded for the Duo-Art reproducing piano compiled and annotated by Charles Davis Smith. Monrovia, California, ca. 1987; (out of print).
  • Charles David Smith and Richard James Howe: The Welte-Mignon, its music and musicians; complete catalogue of Welte-Mignon reproducing piano recordings 1905–1932, historical overview of companies and individuals, biographical essays on the recording artists and composers. Vestal, NY: Vestal Press, 1994. ISBN 1-879511-17-7; (out of print).
  • Gerhard Dangel und Hans-W. Schmitz: Welte-Mignon-Reproduktionen / Welte-Mignon Reproductions. Gesamtkatalog der Aufnahmen für das Welte-Mignon Reproduktions-Piano 1905-1932 / Complete Library Of Recordings For The Welte-Mignon Reproducing Piano 1905-1932. Stuttgart 2006. ISBN 3-00-017110-X
  • Barbara Bryner: The piano roll: a valuable recording medium of the twentieth century. Dept. of Music, University of Utah, 2002. OCLC 50482085

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ www.pianola.org
  2. ^ The day the music died. Buffalo News, August 20, 2010. From Webarchive
  3. ^ "Music". QRS Music. Retrieved 12 September 2010. 
  4. ^ US-Patent 287.599, Emil Welte, New York, 30. October 1883
  5. ^ . "Rollography", Grove Music Online, ed. L. Macy (accessed January 13 2014), grovemusic.com (subscription access).

External links[edit]

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License

Mashpedia enables any individual or company to promote their own Youtube-hosted videos or Youtube Channels, offering a simple and effective plan to get them in front of our engaged audience.

Want to learn more? Please contact us at: hello@mashpedia.com

Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014