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2018 Pirelli Calendar
2018 Pirelli Calendar
Published: 2017/11/10
Channel: Pirelli
PIRELLI CALENDAR 2005 The Making of Full Version by Fashion Channel
PIRELLI CALENDAR 2005 The Making of Full Version by Fashion Channel
Published: 2016/04/04
Channel: Fashion Channel Milano
PIRELLI CALENDAR 2001 The Making of Full Version by Fashion Channel
PIRELLI CALENDAR 2001 The Making of Full Version by Fashion Channel
Published: 2016/09/17
Channel: Fashion Channel Milano
CALENDAR PIRELLI 2011 The Making of Full Version by Fashion Channel
CALENDAR PIRELLI 2011 The Making of Full Version by Fashion Channel
Published: 2015/06/09
Channel: Fashion Channel Milano
PIRELLI CALENDAR 2015  Making Of by Fashion Channel
PIRELLI CALENDAR 2015 Making Of by Fashion Channel
Published: 2016/09/17
Channel: Fashion Channel Milano
2018 Pirelli Calendar
2018 Pirelli Calendar
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: Pirelli
2018 PIRELLI CALENDAR The Full Movie - Exclusive - Fashion Channel
2018 PIRELLI CALENDAR The Full Movie - Exclusive - Fashion Channel
Published: 2017/11/10
Channel: Fashion Channel Milano
PIRELLI CALENDAR 2015 - TheCal - Making of Full Version 30
PIRELLI CALENDAR 2015 - TheCal - Making of Full Version 30' min. by Fashion Channel
Published: 2014/12/16
Channel: Fashion Channel Milano
PIRELLI CALENDAR 2011  The Making Of  3 of 4 by Fashion Channel
PIRELLI CALENDAR 2011 The Making Of 3 of 4 by Fashion Channel
Published: 2016/10/24
Channel: Fashion Channel Milano
CALENDAR PIRELLI 2012 The Making of Full Version by Fashion Channel
CALENDAR PIRELLI 2012 The Making of Full Version by Fashion Channel
Published: 2014/11/05
Channel: Fashion Channel Milano
Pirelli Calendar 50th Anniversary
Pirelli Calendar 50th Anniversary
Published: 2017/08/08
Channel: Pirelli
CALENDAR PIRELLI 2011 The Making of Full Version by Fashion Channel
CALENDAR PIRELLI 2011 The Making of Full Version by Fashion Channel
Published: 2014/11/10
Channel: Fashion Channel Milano
Pirelli Kalendārs 1994
Pirelli Kalendārs 1994
Published: 2013/09/10
Channel: Key Point
Michelin PS4s VS Pirelli P Zero (PZ4) MAX PERFORMANCE SUMMER TIRES TEST
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Published: 2017/05/01
Channel: 하쿠
Calendario Pirelli 2012
Calendario Pirelli 2012
Published: 2012/02/08
Channel: ELLE España
Pirelli Calendar 2001 - Mario Testino - by SuperModels Channel
Pirelli Calendar 2001 - Mario Testino - by SuperModels Channel
Published: 2016/04/24
Channel: Supermodels Channel
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Published: 2012/09/14
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2017 Pirelli Calendar unveiled
2017 Pirelli Calendar unveiled
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The Making of The Pirelli Calendar 2013
The Making of The Pirelli Calendar 2013
Published: 2013/04/15
Channel: Alan English
The Making of PIRELLI CALENDAR 1996 by Peter Lindbergh | by Fashion Channel
The Making of PIRELLI CALENDAR 1996 by Peter Lindbergh | by Fashion Channel
Published: 2016/11/28
Channel: Fashion Channel Milano
PIRELLI MAKING OF 2003
PIRELLI MAKING OF 2003
Published: 2016/03/10
Channel: FTV
The Pirelli calendar 50th anniversary: "The Cal" 1964-2014
The Pirelli calendar 50th anniversary: "The Cal" 1964-2014
Published: 2013/11/22
Channel: AutoClub.bg
Pirelli Calendar 1984-1993 The Roaring Eighties 50th Anniversary Special
Pirelli Calendar 1984-1993 The Roaring Eighties 50th Anniversary Special
Published: 2016/03/10
Channel: FTV
Steve McCurry for Pirelli Calendar 2013
Steve McCurry for Pirelli Calendar 2013
Published: 2014/11/08
Channel: bestdestination
Pirelli Calendar 2017 : The full “Making of” Film
Pirelli Calendar 2017 : The full “Making of” Film
Published: 2016/12/01
Channel: Pirelli
Behind the scenes of the Pirelli 2013 Calendar - rezulteo
Behind the scenes of the Pirelli 2013 Calendar - rezulteo
Published: 2012/11/27
Channel: Rezulteo .com
Pirelli, la gomma "colorata" e "intelligente" | Salone di Ginevra 2017
Pirelli, la gomma "colorata" e "intelligente" | Salone di Ginevra 2017
Published: 2017/03/08
Channel: OmniAuto.it
Gisele Bundchen   Pirelli Calendars   2001 2006 by SuperModels Channel
Gisele Bundchen Pirelli Calendars 2001 2006 by SuperModels Channel
Published: 2015/03/25
Channel: Supermodels Channel
จัดเต็มเรื่องยาง Pirelli ที่คุณจะไม่งงอีกต่อไป - Johnrider
จัดเต็มเรื่องยาง Pirelli ที่คุณจะไม่งงอีกต่อไป - Johnrider
Published: 2017/08/15
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F1 2011 - How the Pirelli Formula One tyre is made (complete version)
F1 2011 - How the Pirelli Formula One tyre is made (complete version)
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Published: 2017/09/20
Channel: SoyMotor
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Published: 2015/04/11
Channel: Z Drive
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Making of Pirelli-Kalender 2016
Published: 2015/12/09
Channel: bikeundbusiness
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CALENDAR PIRELLI 2006 The Making of Full Version by Fashion Channel
Published: 2014/11/05
Channel: Fashion Channel Milano
PIRELLI CALENDAR 2015 by Fashion Channel
PIRELLI CALENDAR 2015 by Fashion Channel
Published: 2014/11/18
Channel: Fashion Channel Milano
Making Of Pirelli Calendar 2005
Making Of Pirelli Calendar 2005
Published: 2017/01/22
Channel: AdrianaLima
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Pneu Pirelli comprado na Della Via Pela internet
Published: 2012/09/15
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Testing the new Pirelli PZero Velo Tyres
Testing the new Pirelli PZero Velo Tyres
Published: 2017/07/24
Channel: Pirelli
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Published: 2015/08/04
Channel: FastLaneDaily
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Pirelli & C. S.p.A.
Public
Traded as BITPIRC
ISIN IT0005278236
Industry Automotive
Founded Milan, Italy (1872 (1872))
Founder Giovanni Battista Pirelli
Headquarters Milan, Italy
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Ren Jianxin (Chairman)
Marco Tronchetti Provera (Executive Deputy Chairman and CEO)
Products Tyres for car, motorcycles and cycling
Revenue Increase6,058.4 million (2016)[1]
Increase€896.6 million (2016)[1] (Adjusted)
Profit Increase€147.6 million (2016)[1]
Owner ChemChina[2]
Number of employees
37,050 (2016)
Parent Marco Polo International Italy
Subsidiaries Pirelli Tyre S.p.A
Website pirelli.com

Pirelli & C. S.p.A. is a multinational company based in Milan, Italy, listed on the Milan Stock Exchange since 1922,[3] with a temporary privatization period by the consortium leaded by the Chinese state-owned enterprise ChemChina. The company is one of the largest tyre manufacturers behind Bridgestone, Michelin, Continental and Goodyear. It is present in over 160 countries, has 19 manufacturing sites[4] in 13 countries and a network of around 12,500 distributors and retailers.[5]

Pirelli has been sponsoring sport competitions since 1907 and is the exclusive tyre supplier for the Formula One Championship for 2011–2019[6] and for the FIM World Superbike Championship.[7]

Pirelli is now a pure tyre manufacturing company. In the past it has also launched fashion project and operated in renewable energy and sustainable mobility.

Pirelli has published its Pirelli Calendar since 1964, which has featured the contribution of famous photographers over the years like Helmut Newton, Steve McCurry, Peter Lindbergh, Richard Avedon, Bruce Weber, Herb Rits and Annie Leibovitz.

Pirelli's headquarters are located in Milan's Bicocca district, an area that is home to the rapidly growing Italian university, Università degli studi di Milano-Bicocca, and cultural locations such as the Teatro degli Arcimboldi and Hangar Bicocca, an exhibition centre for contemporary art sponsored by Pirelli .

History[edit]

The Pirelli Tower in Milan in 1958, during construction, photographed by Paolo Monti.
Pirelli headquarters

Founded in Milan in 1872 by Giovanni Battista Pirelli, the company initially specialised in rubber and derivative processes and also made scuba diving rebreathers.[8] Thereafter, Pirelli's activities were primarily focused on the production of tyres and cables (for energy and telecommunications). In 2005, Pirelli sold its cable division to Goldman Sachs, which changed the new group's name to Prysmian.

In the 1950s, Alberto Pirelli commissioned the building of a skyscraper, Pirelli Tower, in the same Milanese area that housed the very first Pirelli factory during the 19th century.[9]

In 1974, Pirelli invented the "wide radial tyre", upon a request from the Lancia rally racing team for a tyre strong enough to withstand the power of the new Lancia Stratos. At that time, racing tyres were either slick tyres made with the cross ply technique (very wide tyres with a reduced sidewall height), or radial tyres, which were too narrow to withstand the Stratos' power and did not provide enough grip. Both were unusable for the Lancia Stratos, as the radials were destroyed within 10 km, and the slicks too stiff. Lancia asked Pirelli for a solution, and in 1975 Pirelli created a wide tyre with a reduced sidewall height like a slick, but with a radial structure.

Subsequently, Porsche started using the same tyres with the Porsche 911 Turbo.

In 1988, Pirelli acquired the Armstrong Rubber Company, which was headquartered in New Haven, Connecticut, for $190 million.[10]

In 2000, Pirelli sold its terrestrial fibre optic cables business to Cisco and its optical components operations to Corning, for 5 billion euro.[11] It invested - through Olimpia -part of the resulting liquidity to become a majority shareholder in Telecom Italia in 2001,[12] maintaining this position until 2007.[13]

In 2002 the company started a range of Pirelli branded clothing, watches and eyewear.[14]

In 2005, Pirelli sold its Cables, Energy Systems and Telecommunications assets to Goldman Sachs[15] and the newly formed company was named Prysmian. In the same year, 2005, Pirelli opened its first tyre production plant in Shandong province, China.[16] This was the beginning of the group's production complex in the country.

In 2006, Pirelli chose Slatina for its first tyre production plant in Romania, extending the facility in 2011.

In 2010, Pirelli completed its conversion to a pure tyre company by selling Pirelli Broadband Solutions[17] and spinning off the real estate assets of Pirelli Re.[18] Fondazione Pirelli was established in the same year to safeguard and celebrate the company's past and to promote business culture as an integral part of Italy's national cultural assets.

In March 2015, it was announced that Pirelli shareholders had accepted a €7.1 billion bid from ChemChina, together with Camfin and LTI, for the company.[19] The transaction was completed and the company was delisted in November 2015.[20]

In May 2017, it was announced that Pirelli returns to the world of cycling with a new road cycling tyre range, Pzero Velo.[21]

In September 2017, the company announced the will to sell up to 40 percent of its equity capital in an initial public offering as it plans to return to the Milan stock exchange in October.[22]

Corporate affairs[edit]

Major shareholders[edit]

The list of Pirelli main shareholders[23] As of June 2017

Shareholder Stake %
ChemChina 65%[not in citation given]
Camfin 22.4%[not in citation given]
LTI 12.6%[not in citation given]

Board of directors[edit]

The list of Pirelli Board of Directors:[24]

Position Name
Chairman Ren Jianxin
Executive Deputy Chairman and CEO Marco Tronchetti Provera
Director Bai XinPing
Director Ze'ev Goldberg
Director Andrey Kostin
Director Igor Sechin
Director Wang Dan
Director Yang Xingqiang
Director Carlo Acutis
Director Gustavo Bracco
Director Jiao Chonggao
Director Luca Rovati
Director Yang Xun
Director Giorgio Luca Bruno
Director Zhang Haitao
Director Emerson Milenski

As of March 2016.

Financial information[edit]

Financial Data [25] 2016

(million €)

2015

(million €)

2014

(million €)

2013

(million €)

2012

(million €)

2011

(million €)

2010

(million €)

2009

(million €)

Net Sales 6,058 6,309 6,018 6,146 6,072 5,655 4,848 4,067
Gross Operating Profit 1,183 1,242 1,168 1,080 1,064 (restated) 807 629 453
EBIT 896.6 (Adjusted) 850.3 837.9 791 792 (restated) 582 408 250
Net Income 147.6 (391)* 319 306 398 441 4 (23)
Net Invested Capital 10,224 4,089 4,273 4,455 4,427 3,727 3,281 3,818
Equity 3,274 2,280 2,548 2,437 2,389 2,192 2,028 2,495
Employees 37,050 36,753 37,561 37,979 37,338 34,259 29,573 29,570

*The performance takes into account, as well as the deconsolidation of Venezuela, a non-recurring fiscal impact of 107.6 million euro linked to the devaluation of active deferred taxation by the Parent Group as a consequence of Pirelli’s new financial status after its merger with Marco Polo Industrial Holding.

Marketing[edit]

The Pirelli Calendar is published annually, and regularly features famous actresses and fashion models. The calendar also features the work of many of the most respected fashion photographers in the world, including Herb Ritz, Richard Avedon, Mert & Marcus, Peter Lindbergh, Annie Leibovitz, and Patrick Demarchelier.

The Pirelli Internetional Award is given annually for the best international multimedia involving the communication of science and technology conducted entirely on the Internet.

"Power is nothing without control" was the well known slogan of Pirelli Tyre Company, and was featured in numerous television and print advertisements.

Pirelli is the long-serving main sponsor of Italian football club Inter Milan, having sponsored the Italian team since the 1995–96 season.

Sponsorship[edit]

Football[edit]

Pirelli has a history of sponsoring football teams. Pirelli is well known for its long term primary sponsorship of the Italian football team Inter Milan for around 6 years. Pirelli previously appeared as a sponsor on the shirts of the Maltese football club Valletta for a short time.

Pirelli's sponsorship of football teams is not limited to Europe, South America is a key market and as a result successful clubs have also been sponsored by the tyre company. The Brazilian team Palmeiras, Uruguayan team Peñarol and Argentinian side Vélez Sársfield all had Pirelli as a shirt sponsor.

When English Football League One side Burton Albion Football Club built their new stadium in 2005, Pirelli became the title sponsor of the new ground. This was because the new stadium, named Pirelli Stadium lies next to the Pirelli factory in Burton-upon-Trent, Staffordshire, England.

In 2009 Pirelli became the title sponsor of the Chinese Super League (CSL), China's top tier football league.

In 2012, the company become a major sponsor of the Russian Cup.

Formula One[edit]

Pirelli is currently the event title sponsor of the Spanish and Hungarian Grand Prix.

Rally[edit]

Pirelli supports rally with their FIA Pirelli Star Driver program as an initiative to support young rally drivers.

America's Cup[edit]

Pirelli is sponsor of Emirates Team New Zealand in the 35th America's Cup (2017) [26]

Winter Sports[edit]

Pirelli sponsors Alpine World Ski Championship and Ice Hockey World Championship IIHF from 2017 to 2021.[27] The company is also sponsor of the Italian Ski Team and of the Swiss Ski Team.[28]

Motorsport[edit]

Pirelli is the only allowed tyre brand in the FIM World Superbike Championship since 2007 (along with its support classes, such as the Supersport World Championship). Pirelli has also been awarded the contract for the control tyre supply in the British Superbike Championship from 2008 until at least 2010.[29] Pirelli were also the official tyre supplier of the World Rally Championship from 2008 to 2010, until the company withdrew to focus on its Formula 1 commitments. Pirelli returned to the championship in 2014, however they only supply tyres for a few private teams as Michelin is the major tyre supplier. Pirelli was also supplied Grand-Am Rolex Sports Car Series from 2008 until at least 2010 before replaced by Continental AG in 2011. Pirelli is sponsor of rally and gymkhana driver Ken Block's Hoonigan Racing Division since 2010.

Pirelli is the sole tyre supplier in Formula One, following Bridgestone's decision to withdraw from the role at the end of 2010.[30][31][32] Pirelli previously competed in Formula One from 19501958, 19811986 and 19891991. Pirelli has also supplied tyres for all FIA Formula 2 Championship and GP3 Series cars since 2011 and 2010 respectively.

The tyre manufacturer introduced a colour coding to recognize tyre compounds used by drivers during the racing weekend.[33] For the benefit of the spectators at the track and the television audiences each compound has its own colour coding on the Pirelli and P Zero logos which appear on the sidewalls of the tyre. The 2017 colours are as follows:

Compound Colour code
Hard Orange
Medium White
Soft Yellow
SuperSoft Red
UltraSoft Purple
Intermediate Wet Green
Full wet Blue

Pirelli has been asked to design tires that degraded rapidly in order to promote more pit stops and closer racing. At the end of the 2011 season, many F1 drivers praised Pirelli's comeback.[34]

Controversy surrounded Pirelli's Formula 1 tyres as at the 2013 British Grand Prix seven Pirelli tyres failed: Pérez twice, Alonso, Hamilton, Gutierrez, Vergne, and Massa. Following a safety car period drivers were instructed to stay off the kerbs that were later found to be "razor sharp" and may have been the cause, but the president of the British Racing Drivers' Club rejected the idea that the kerbs could be at fault, saying that "These kerbs have been in since 2009 and we have had thousands and thousands of cars go over these kerbs and they have been absolutely fine".[35] The incidents were described as "unacceptable" by F1 drivers.[36] It was later suggested that the cause of the tyre failures could be the teams putting them on the wrong side of the car. Pirelli stressed that the tyres are of an asymmetrical construction and are not interchangeable, and that if they are used correctly, they do not pose a threat to safety.[37] Pirelli changed the construction of the tyres to prevent further incidents, switching to kevlar belts.[38]

During the second practice of the 2013 Belgian Grand Prix, two tyres failed: Vettel and Alonso. One senior figure at Pirelli described the failures as a "big concern", whilst Pirelli's motorsport director Paul Hembery admitted the tyre failures were "a worry for the sport".[39] Following these issues, just one day later Michelin announced that they could replace Pirelli as the tyre supplier for 2014. In October 2013 Fernando Alonso complained that "the quality of the tyres is very on the limit", and that they "will not do 5km". Pirelli motorsport director Paul Hembery said: "Of course Alonso is one of the great F1 drivers, so to hear such comments is disappointing and below the standards you would expect from such a champion.[40] In the Korean Grand Prix Pérez locked a front tyre heavily and then suffered a dramatic failure on the subsequent long straight.[41] Pirelli hit controversy at the Indian Grand Prix where they requested the teams run the tyres a limited number of laps due to their fragility. One senior engineer at a top team said this was the worst blistering ever experienced.[42]

In pre-season testing for the 2014 season the tyre on Rosberg's car failed, sending Rosberg into a 200 mph (322 km/h) spin.[43] The incident prompted considerable alarm, and Pirelli stated that the tyre "will not be proposed again".[44]

In January 2014 Pirelli signed a contract with the FIA to supply tyres to Formula One for the 2014, 2015 and 2016 seasons.[45] Later in 2014 Lewis Hamilton described the Pirelli wet weather tyres as "They're not great tyres. That's no secret".[46] "These are comments by drivers that have not been made in an official way to us. Of course, if Pirelli was requested by the teams and the FIA to reconsider the technical capability of the wet tyre, Pirelli would do it immediately" was the comment of Pirelli's motorsport director Paul Hembery.[46]

At the 2015 Belgian Grand Prix, during practice, Rosberg suffered a dangerous tyre delamination at 200 mph (322 km/h). Rosberg said the incident was "quite a shock". During the subsequent drivers briefing double world champion Lewis Hamilton, raised concerns in about tyre safety following the high-speed blow-out suffered by teammate Nico Rosberg. Concerns were also brought up by four-time world champion Vettel, and double world champion Alonso. Pirelli relied on race director, Charlie Whiting, to defend Pirelli's record in the meeting.[47] During the race a tyre on Vettel's car suffered from a blowout at 200 mph (322 km/h). The four time world champion described the failure an "unacceptable", and added that Pirelli's tendency to blame failures either on debris on track or a driver going over a kerb for tyre failures was incorrect, confirming that "I didn't go off the track and out of the blue the tyre explodes".[48] Following the race Rosberg was critical of the poor quality of Pirelli tyres, saying "Vettel exploding his tyre is really poor. It shouldn't happen and that it keeps on happening, in other categories as well and today with us, and with me on Friday both of us were just so lucky".[49] The Grand Prix Drivers' Association chairman said: "We need to stop the sudden explosions."[50] Immediately after the race Pirelli claimed that excessive wear caused the blowout, blaming Ferrari for running the tyre too long. However, following a more detailed analysis Pirelli said that in fact wear was not to blame, but instead a cut had caused the tyre failure.[51] To counteract further problems at the next Grand Prix, Monza, Pirelli wanted to insist that teams run the tyres at high pressure, beyond their design parameters. However, double world champion Lewis Hamilton described these rules as a "disaster" and double world champion Fernando Alonso described them as "strange" so Pirelli was forced to backtrack on their proposal.[52] After these comments, Pirelli attempted to censor the drivers by asking them to not criticise the tyres in public in the future.[53]

The situation did not improve at the next Grand Prix at Monza. Here, Pirelli reported a higher than expected number of cuts forming in the tyres.[54] During the race, one of Hamilton's tyres dropped below the regulation pressure dictated by Pirelli, despite the tyre having been prepared by a Pirelli technician.[55] Neither Mercedes nor Hamilton were punished for the infringement.[56] Later in 2016, the necessity to run Pirelli tyres at high pressure was described as a "joke" by triple world champion Lewis Hamilton, world champion Jenson Button, and world championship runner-up Felipe Massa.[57]

Above any criticisms, in 2016 the renewal of the contract as sole supplier was strongly supported by the protagonists of the Formula 1 circus.[58]

2017 is set to be the most revolutionary year for Formula 1 from a tyre point of view, while there are some very significant technical changes to the cars as well.

The most obvious visual difference is that the tyres are now around 25% wider, both front and rear, increasing from 245 to 305mm at the front and 325 to 405mm at the rear. The actual rim size remains unchanged from the traditional 13 inches.[59]

This is part of a package of measures expected to cut lap times by around five seconds relative to 2015: although the improvement might be even bigger.

Most of that extra speed has been found through corners, as the cars have got wider and will generate at least 20% more downforce compared to last year thanks to bigger wings and increased aerodynamics.[60]

These faster cornering speeds – to the extent that some corners have now effectively become straights, already leading to circuit modifications – have imposed significantly increased loads on the tyres, meaning that there is a completely new philosophy behind Pirelli’s 2017 range. Having followed the brief to provide deliberate degradation for the past six seasons, there is now a new directive to make tyres with less degradation that are more resistant to overheating for the latest generation of much faster cars.[61] As a result, the tyre structure and compounds are brand new.

Overseas investment[edit]

In April 2012, Pirelli & C. SpA signed joint venture agreement with Indonesian counterpart PT Astra Autoparts a subsidiary of PT Astra International for the construction of a motorcycle tyre plant with a total investment of $120 million. 60 percent shares will be held by Pirelli. Pirelli hoped to strengthen its presence in the largest motorcycle market in the world, the Southeast Asia region which has 250 million motorcycles.[62]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Highlights". Pirelli (in Italian). 
  2. ^ "Shareholders Structure". pirelli.com. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  3. ^ "Pirelli Company Profile" (PDF). Borsa Italiana. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  4. ^ "Pirelli - About us". 
  5. ^ "Pirelli Company Profile". Pirelli. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  6. ^ "Pirelli to continue as Formula 1 tyre supplier until 2019". BBC Sport. 2016-06-17. Retrieved 2016-09-14. 
  7. ^ "Pirelli supply wsbk tyres". Yahoo sport. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  8. ^ Coates, JK; Kincaid, TC; Lanphier, EH (1952). "Evaluation of the Pirelli Underwater Oxygen Breathing Equipment for Use in the Naval Service". Navy Experimental Diving Unit Technical Report. NEDU-RR-2-52. Retrieved 16 March 2009. 
  9. ^ Skyscrapers, Antonino Terranova, White Star Publishers, 2003 (ISBN 8880952307)
  10. ^ "Armstrong Finds a Niche in the Tire Market". Connecticut Humanities. Retrieved 22 July 2015. 
  11. ^ "Cisco taps Pirelli for optical technology". CNET. Retrieved 2017-05-31. 
  12. ^ Hepher, Tim (2001-07-30). "Pirelli seizes Telecom Italia". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-05-31. 
  13. ^ "Tronchetti/Telecom Italia". Financial Times. 2007-03-14. ISSN 0307-1766. Retrieved 2017-05-31. 
  14. ^ official website
  15. ^ "Goldman Sachs buys Pirelli Cables for €1.3bn". www.penews.com. Retrieved 2017-05-31. 
  16. ^ "Pirelli Opens First Tyre Plant In China". Tyrepress. 2005-10-12. Retrieved 2017-05-31. 
  17. ^ Editorial, Reuters. "Pirelli to sell broadband ops by end-Oct-source". Reuters UK. Retrieved 2017-05-31. 
  18. ^ Editorial, Reuters. "DEALTALK-Pirelli seen reviving tyre, real estate split". Reuters UK. Retrieved 2017-05-31. 
  19. ^ "ChemChina makes €7.1bn bid for Pirelli". The Guardian. Reuters. 23 March 2015. Retrieved 23 March 2015. 
  20. ^ "PIRELLI Shares - Information for Shareholders". Pirelli. November 2015. Retrieved 6 December 2015. 
  21. ^ "Pirelli returns to cycling with new road tyres". Cyclist. Retrieved 2017-05-31. 
  22. ^ "Tyremaker Pirelli to sell 40 percent stake in Milan market comeback". Reuters. 4 September 2017. Retrieved 2017-09-07. 
  23. ^ "Shareholders Structure". corporate.pirelli.com. Retrieved 2017-06-29. 
  24. ^ "Pirelli Board of Directors". Pirelli. 
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