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A Maior Cobra do Mundo Piton Gigante Anaconda encontrada no Rio Amazonas
A Maior Cobra do Mundo Piton Gigante Anaconda encontrada no Rio Amazonas
Published: 2016/08/26
Channel: TV nEVICIO
HUGE PYTHON   PITON ENORME
HUGE PYTHON PITON ENORME
Published: 2014/10/08
Channel: FRANK CUESTA - CANAL YOUTUBE
Python eats Alligator 02, Time Lapse Speed x6
Python eats Alligator 02, Time Lapse Speed x6
Published: 2011/12/14
Channel: ojatro
PITON DE 7 METRO SE COMIO ENTERO A UN HOMBRE
PITON DE 7 METRO SE COMIO ENTERO A UN HOMBRE
Published: 2017/03/28
Channel: The LoakenYT
10 Video Ular Piton Besar Memakan Manusia Tertangkap Kamera 2017 (Nomor 1 Paling Ngeri)
10 Video Ular Piton Besar Memakan Manusia Tertangkap Kamera 2017 (Nomor 1 Paling Ngeri)
Published: 2017/02/14
Channel: Trends ID
Ular piton makan manusia hidup-hidup di kota Mamuju, Sulawesi Barat - TomoNews
Ular piton makan manusia hidup-hidup di kota Mamuju, Sulawesi Barat - TomoNews
Published: 2017/03/29
Channel: TomoNews Indonesia
Kelaparan, Ular Piton Turun ke Jalan & Serang Warga di Sulsel - BIP 26/06
Kelaparan, Ular Piton Turun ke Jalan & Serang Warga di Sulsel - BIP 26/06
Published: 2017/06/26
Channel: GlobalTV Indonesia News
EL ESPÍRITU DE PITON | Pastor Juan Carlos Harrigan |
EL ESPÍRITU DE PITON | Pastor Juan Carlos Harrigan |
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: Juan Carlos Harrigan Oficial
Chifres da Gazela Atravessa Garganta de Serpente Piton Gigante Africana
Chifres da Gazela Atravessa Garganta de Serpente Piton Gigante Africana
Published: 2016/11/30
Channel: The worlD
Mi Mascota... Una Piton De 6 Metros!
Mi Mascota... Una Piton De 6 Metros!
Published: 2015/01/26
Channel: Yovanis Weezy
Los más increíbles ataques y peleas animales.Anaconda vs Piton
Los más increíbles ataques y peleas animales.Anaconda vs Piton
Published: 2017/01/05
Channel: AFRICA SALVAJE
Vingadores - A Era de Piton
Vingadores - A Era de Piton
Published: 2017/06/24
Channel: Tonny Almeida
SEORANG WARGA TEWAS DITELAN ULAR PITON DI MAMUJU TENGAH (A Man Eaten by Large Python Snake)
SEORANG WARGA TEWAS DITELAN ULAR PITON DI MAMUJU TENGAH (A Man Eaten by Large Python Snake)
Published: 2017/03/28
Channel: Bukan Sekedar Berita
Desafios Mortais: A Grande Piton [HD] Documentário Dublado National Geographic
Desafios Mortais: A Grande Piton [HD] Documentário Dublado National Geographic
Published: 2015/08/10
Channel: Documentários Premium [HD]
Ngeri! Ular Piton Ini Lebih Besar dari Pemangsa Akbar
Ngeri! Ular Piton Ini Lebih Besar dari Pemangsa Akbar
Published: 2017/04/18
Channel: Tribun Timur
WOW !!! Ular Piton Nekat Makan Landak Malah Berakhir Méngênậskãn
WOW !!! Ular Piton Nekat Makan Landak Malah Berakhir Méngênậskãn
Published: 2017/05/08
Channel: Dunia Binatang
Piton dünyanın en büyük yılanı
Piton dünyanın en büyük yılanı
Published: 2016/10/18
Channel: Detail Channel
Kena Karma! 5 Piton Raksasa Ini Mati Setelah Menelan Mangsanya
Kena Karma! 5 Piton Raksasa Ini Mati Setelah Menelan Mangsanya
Published: 2017/03/30
Channel: Berita Terkini
Filósofo Piton FINALMENTE MOSTRA SUA FACE??????
Filósofo Piton FINALMENTE MOSTRA SUA FACE??????
Published: 2017/02/07
Channel: Marcus Mota
Severus Piton - Sempre
Severus Piton - Sempre
Published: 2016/12/09
Channel: Caleel
VIDEO WARGA: Akbar Tewas Ditelan Ular Piton
VIDEO WARGA: Akbar Tewas Ditelan Ular Piton
Published: 2017/03/28
Channel: Tribun Timur
piton yakalama
piton yakalama
Published: 2012/01/17
Channel: Sav Ajans
Ular Piton 8 Meter Mengamuk Saat Ditangkap Warga
Ular Piton 8 Meter Mengamuk Saat Ditangkap Warga
Published: 2016/07/20
Channel: CNN Indonesia
Jejak Perlawanan AKBAR Saat di Telan Ular Piton 7 Meter.. Mamuju, Sulawesi..!!
Jejak Perlawanan AKBAR Saat di Telan Ular Piton 7 Meter.. Mamuju, Sulawesi..!!
Published: 2017/04/02
Channel: Video on the spot terbaru
Gawat! Setelah Gempar Akbar Dimangsa Ular Piton, Mamuju Kembali Diserang Horor Ular Yang Bermunculan
Gawat! Setelah Gempar Akbar Dimangsa Ular Piton, Mamuju Kembali Diserang Horor Ular Yang Bermunculan
Published: 2017/04/10
Channel: BERITA TERBARU HD
Piton reticulada mas grande del mundo – PITON RETICULADA
Piton reticulada mas grande del mundo – PITON RETICULADA
Published: 2016/08/08
Channel: Trionix83
Belah Perut Ular Piton,Isinya Sungguh Mengejutkan
Belah Perut Ular Piton,Isinya Sungguh Mengejutkan
Published: 2016/11/10
Channel: Berita Unik Dan Aneh
Harimau vs Ular Piton (Python) | Pertarungan Binatang Buas | Video Perkelahian Hewan Liar
Harimau vs Ular Piton (Python) | Pertarungan Binatang Buas | Video Perkelahian Hewan Liar
Published: 2015/11/13
Channel: Video Binatang
Rocky Balboa citando o filósofo piton
Rocky Balboa citando o filósofo piton
Published: 2016/11/23
Channel: Mulekote
Detik - Detik Ular Piton Memakan Kanguru Sampai Habis
Detik - Detik Ular Piton Memakan Kanguru Sampai Habis
Published: 2016/01/28
Channel: Dunia Binatang
Como Dizia o Filósofo Piton - Sakurasou no Pet na Kanojo
Como Dizia o Filósofo Piton - Sakurasou no Pet na Kanojo
Published: 2017/06/26
Channel: Um Otaku Hue
Dev Köpek ve Dev Piton Yılanın DALAŞMASI!!!!
Dev Köpek ve Dev Piton Yılanın DALAŞMASI!!!!
Published: 2016/11/11
Channel: KÖPEK KAVGALARI
Hombre Fue Tragado Por Un Piton En Indonesia
Hombre Fue Tragado Por Un Piton En Indonesia
Published: 2017/03/29
Channel: PlanetNegative
MENEGANGKAN AKSI HEROIK Warga Selamatkan Sapi yang Mau Di Mangsa Ular Piton Raksasa
MENEGANGKAN AKSI HEROIK Warga Selamatkan Sapi yang Mau Di Mangsa Ular Piton Raksasa
Published: 2017/01/24
Channel: Dunia Maya
ULAR PITON MEMANGSA LANDAK, LIHAT APA YANG TERJADI!!
ULAR PITON MEMANGSA LANDAK, LIHAT APA YANG TERJADI!!
Published: 2017/04/02
Channel: BUKA MATA
PİTON OKLU KİRPİYİ Yutmaya Kalkınca Öldü... Seslendirme Ve Alt yazı
PİTON OKLU KİRPİYİ Yutmaya Kalkınca Öldü... Seslendirme Ve Alt yazı
Published: 2016/02/13
Channel: 3 - 2- 1 KAYIT
Ngerii.. Warga Mamuju Tewas Ditelan Ular Piton Raksasa
Ngerii.. Warga Mamuju Tewas Ditelan Ular Piton Raksasa
Published: 2017/03/28
Channel: Mantan Profesor
Cerita Paman, Beginilah Akbar Ditelan Ular Piton, Duduk dan Diseret 10 Meter
Cerita Paman, Beginilah Akbar Ditelan Ular Piton, Duduk dan Diseret 10 Meter
Published: 2017/03/30
Channel: Mbengkok Channel
TOP: Las 5 Serpientes Más GRANDES Del Mundo
TOP: Las 5 Serpientes Más GRANDES Del Mundo
Published: 2016/09/14
Channel: Luan Palomera
Piton Reticulada  - Maior Cobra do Mundo - Anaconda Gigante
Piton Reticulada - Maior Cobra do Mundo - Anaconda Gigante
Published: 2015/12/18
Channel: Animais Selvagens
Piton tartás 1. rész
Piton tartás 1. rész
Published: 2015/12/12
Channel: Mihály Szikora
Harry Potter e i doni della morte (parte 2) - I ricordi di Severus Piton 1/2
Harry Potter e i doni della morte (parte 2) - I ricordi di Severus Piton 1/2
Published: 2016/08/25
Channel: Il fulmine ha colpito!
Begini Kondisi Ular Piton yang Telan Akbar Mentah-mentah, Kepala Dihancurkan Perutnya Dibelah
Begini Kondisi Ular Piton yang Telan Akbar Mentah-mentah, Kepala Dihancurkan Perutnya Dibelah
Published: 2017/03/29
Channel: Mbengkok Channel
O fetiţă a fost muşcată de un piton la circ
O fetiţă a fost muşcată de un piton la circ
Published: 2014/07/31
Channel: Antena 1
Ular Piton Makan Manusia?
Ular Piton Makan Manusia?
Published: 2017/03/24
Channel: Klik art Channel
Sasvim prirodno: Moj ljubimac piton
Sasvim prirodno: Moj ljubimac piton
Published: 2016/04/17
Channel: RTS Sasvim prirodno - Zvanični kanal
DESGRAÇA COMPILATION FILÓSOFO PITON TODOS OS ÁUDIOS
DESGRAÇA COMPILATION FILÓSOFO PITON TODOS OS ÁUDIOS
Published: 2016/12/29
Channel: Game Pooper
FILÓSOFO PITON JOGANDO CS:GO 2
FILÓSOFO PITON JOGANDO CS:GO 2
Published: 2017/06/20
Channel: Cafajeste
FILÓSOFO PITON JOGA CS:GO [PARTE 2]
FILÓSOFO PITON JOGA CS:GO [PARTE 2]
Published: 2017/02/13
Channel: Apelando
Ular Piton MeMakan Manusia Warga SULAWESI
Ular Piton MeMakan Manusia Warga SULAWESI
Published: 2017/03/30
Channel: JohnDeso
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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'60s-era pitons, including: knifeblades, lost arrows, bugaboos, ring angles, and bongs.
1950's-60's mild steel pitons
Old angle pitons on Shockley's Ceiling route at the Trapps cliff of Shawangunks.
RURP (Realized Ultimate Reality Piton) presented by Tom Frost.

In climbing, a piton (/ˈptɒn/; also called a pin or peg) is a metal spike (usually steel) that is driven into a crack or seam in the climbing surface with a climbing hammer, and which acts as an anchor to either protect the climber against the consequences of a fall or to assist progress in aid climbing. Pitons are equipped with an eye hole or a ring to which a carabiner is attached; the carabiner can then be directly or indirectly attached to a climbing rope.

Pitons were the original form of protection and are still used where there is no alternative. Repeated hammering and extraction of pitons damages the rock, and climbers who subscribe to the clean climbing ethic avoid their use as much as possible. With the popularization of clean climbing in the 1970s, pitons were largely replaced by faster and easier-to-use clean protection, such as nuts and camming devices.[1] Pitons are still found in place (as "fixed" pitons) on some established free climbing routes, as fixed belay station anchors, in places where nuts or cams do not work; and are used on some hard aid climbs.[2][3][4]

Styles and shapes[edit]

Pitons are sized and manufactured to fit a wide range of cracks. From small to large, the most common are:

  • RURP - for Realized Ultimate Reality Piton - a tiny piton the size of a postage stamp used in thin, shallow seams. It was designed by Tom Frost and Yvon Chouinard in 1959, and manufactured by Chouinard Equipment in the 1960s.[5] It is not a strong piece, and is mainly used for aid climbing, although it can feature as protection on extreme free routes (e.g. Rurp The Wild Berserk (E6 6b) at The Brand, Leicestershire, UK).[6] More recent versions of the RURP include Bird Beaks and Peckers.
  • Knifeblade - also known as Bugaboos, are a thin straight piton, that work in thin, deep cracks.
  • Lost Arrow - designed by John Salathé and Yvon Chouinard, are a hot-forged, tapered piton that performs well in medium-size cracks.
  • Angle - A piton made of steel sheet bent into a "U", "V", or "Z" shape; work well for larger cracks, where the steel deforms elastically as the piton is placed.
  • Bongs - The largest pitons are angles made from aluminium sheet called bongs, named for the sound they produce while being hammered into place, or the sound they make when dropped. Bongs have become rare with the advent of camming units, nuts (chocks) which protect the same wide cracks more easily, and without causing damage to the rock.

Materials and evolution[edit]

Early pitons were made of malleable iron and soft steel and would deform to the shape of the crack when driven into the rock, which worked well in the irregular cracks found on European limestone. Soft pitons are difficult to remove without damaging the piton, so they were frequently left in place and became fixed anchor points on a climb.

During climbing exploration of the hard granite in Yosemite Valley in the 1950s and 1960s, it was found that soft pitons did not work very well. The long routes developed in Yosemite made it impractical and costly to fix routes, and the soft pitons were not durable enough to be placed and removed more than a few times. Pitons needed to be removed and used again on subsequent pitches, sometimes many times. Leaving gear in place went against the ethics of many climbers. John Salathé pioneered designs using hardened steel which were much tougher than the European pitons. Salathé's pins, which he developed for a climb of the Lost Arrow, resisted deformation and were easier to remove and reuse, and were durable enough to be reused indefinitely.[7]

In popular culture[edit]

Films
  • In the James Bond film For Your Eyes Only (1981), James Bond (Roger Moore) makes use of pitons while climbing a sheer cliff face, as a means to infiltrate the villain Kristatos' (Julian Glover) hideout. Just before he gets to the top of the cliff, Bond is met by Apostis, one of Kristatos' assassins. Apostis tries to kill Bond by knocking his pitons out of the rock, which would cause Bond to fall to his death. Just before Apostis knocks out the last piton, Bond unclips another piton from his belt and uses it as a throwing knife, injuring Apostis and sending the assassin falling to his death. Bond is then able to infiltrate Kristatos' hideout.
Games
  • In the video game I Am Alive, the main character can also use a piton to rest and replenish their stamina while climbing for extended periods of time.
  • In Uncharted 4: A Thief's End, Nathan Drake acquires a piton from a hanged corpse. The tool becomes more used in the later half of the game.
Literature
  • Dan Simmons' historical fiction novel, The Abominable (2013), centers on mountain climbing and frequently depicts passages in which piton use is crucial (e.g., Chapter 5). Additionally, the world class British Alpinist, Richard Davis Deacon, sneers at the Germans' heavy use of such equipment, while the narrator, his younger American protege, deems it brilliant (Chapter 6).
Television
  • In the MacGyver season 2 episode "Eagles", MacGyver must climb a mountain to save baby eagles. Short of equipment, he uses tent stakes as pitons.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Loughman, Michael (1981). Learning to Rock Climb. Page 78: Sierra Club Books. ISBN 0-87156-281-2. 
  2. ^ Loughman, Michael (1981). Learning to Rock Climb. Page 80: Sierra Club Books. ISBN 0-87156-281-2. 
  3. ^ Genereux, Andy (May 2006). Yamnuska Rock: The Crown Jewel of Canadian Rockies Traditional Climbing. Rocky Mountain Books. p. 219. ISBN 9781894765749. 
  4. ^ "Protection using pitons". Mountaineering Methodology. Retrieved 4 May 2017. 
  5. ^ Jones, Chris (1976). Climbing in North America. Berkeley: American Alpine Club and University of California Press. p. 274. ISBN 0-520-02976-3. 
  6. ^ Climbs at The Brand
  7. ^ McNamara, Chris (2000). Yosemite Big Walls: SuperTopo. Mill Valley: SuperTopo. p. 113. ISBN 0-9672391-1-7. 

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