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Piton - Teljes film magyarul
Piton - Teljes film magyarul
Published: 2017/08/11
Channel: AFeketeRuhásEmber
A Maior Cobra do Mundo Piton Gigante Anaconda encontrada no Rio Amazonas
A Maior Cobra do Mundo Piton Gigante Anaconda encontrada no Rio Amazonas
Published: 2016/08/26
Channel: TV nEVICIO
Python eats Alligator 02, Time Lapse Speed x6
Python eats Alligator 02, Time Lapse Speed x6
Published: 2011/12/14
Channel: ojatro
HUGE PYTHON   PITON ENORME
HUGE PYTHON PITON ENORME
Published: 2014/10/08
Channel: FRANK CUESTA - CANAL YOUTUBE
Ular piton makan manusia hidup-hidup di kota Mamuju, Sulawesi Barat - TomoNews
Ular piton makan manusia hidup-hidup di kota Mamuju, Sulawesi Barat - TomoNews
Published: 2017/03/29
Channel: TomoNews Indonesia
Chifres da Gazela Atravessa Garganta de Serpente Piton Gigante Africana
Chifres da Gazela Atravessa Garganta de Serpente Piton Gigante Africana
Published: 2016/11/30
Channel: The worlD
Piton reticulada mas grande del mundo – PITON RETICULADA
Piton reticulada mas grande del mundo – PITON RETICULADA
Published: 2016/08/08
Channel: Trionix83
Confrontos Mortais Entre Cobra Rei E Piton
Confrontos Mortais Entre Cobra Rei E Piton
Published: 2017/03/16
Channel: Dino Pereira
Mi Mascota... Una Piton De 6 Metros!
Mi Mascota... Una Piton De 6 Metros!
Published: 2015/01/26
Channel: Yovanis Weezy
Sasvim prirodno: Moj ljubimac piton
Sasvim prirodno: Moj ljubimac piton
Published: 2016/04/17
Channel: RTS Sasvim prirodno - Zvanični kanal
PITON DE 7 METRO SE COMIO ENTERO A UN HOMBRE
PITON DE 7 METRO SE COMIO ENTERO A UN HOMBRE
Published: 2017/03/28
Channel: The LoakenYT
Vida Selvagem - Píton e Sucuri - Segredos Revelados
Vida Selvagem - Píton e Sucuri - Segredos Revelados
Published: 2015/05/24
Channel: Isaque Ramos
Kena Karma! 5 Piton Raksasa Ini Mati Setelah Menelan Mangsanya
Kena Karma! 5 Piton Raksasa Ini Mati Setelah Menelan Mangsanya
Published: 2017/03/30
Channel: Berita Terkini
Piton Gagal Telan Kijang Setelah Mulutnya Tertancap Tanduk, Simak Videonya
Piton Gagal Telan Kijang Setelah Mulutnya Tertancap Tanduk, Simak Videonya
Published: 2017/05/20
Channel: Tribunnews.com
BOLSONARO PITON - south america memes
BOLSONARO PITON - south america memes
Published: 2017/08/18
Channel: SAM MEMES
Hombre Fue Tragado Por Un Piton En Indonesia
Hombre Fue Tragado Por Un Piton En Indonesia
Published: 2017/03/29
Channel: PlanetNegative
Afrikada piton ve timsahın kavgası
Afrikada piton ve timsahın kavgası
Published: 2013/02/27
Channel: Belgeselci Adam
WOW !!! Ular Piton Nekat Makan Landak Malah Berakhir Méngênậskãn
WOW !!! Ular Piton Nekat Makan Landak Malah Berakhir Méngênậskãn
Published: 2017/05/08
Channel: Dunia Binatang
Ular Piton 8 Meter Mengamuk Saat Ditangkap Warga
Ular Piton 8 Meter Mengamuk Saat Ditangkap Warga
Published: 2016/07/20
Channel: CNN Indonesia
EL ESPÍRITU DE PITON | Pastor Juan Carlos Harrigan |
EL ESPÍRITU DE PITON | Pastor Juan Carlos Harrigan |
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: Juan Carlos Harrigan Oficial
Belah Perut Ular Piton,Isinya Sungguh Mengejutkan
Belah Perut Ular Piton,Isinya Sungguh Mengejutkan
Published: 2016/11/10
Channel: Berita Unik Dan Aneh
Desafios Mortais: A Grande Piton [HD] Documentário Dublado National Geographic
Desafios Mortais: A Grande Piton [HD] Documentário Dublado National Geographic
Published: 2015/08/10
Channel: Documentários Premium [HD]
piton yakalama
piton yakalama
Published: 2012/01/17
Channel: Sav Ajans
SEORANG WARGA TEWAS DITELAN ULAR PITON DI MAMUJU TENGAH (A Man Eaten by Large Python Snake)
SEORANG WARGA TEWAS DITELAN ULAR PITON DI MAMUJU TENGAH (A Man Eaten by Large Python Snake)
Published: 2017/03/28
Channel: Bukan Sekedar Berita
VIDEO WARGA: Akbar Tewas Ditelan Ular Piton
VIDEO WARGA: Akbar Tewas Ditelan Ular Piton
Published: 2017/03/28
Channel: Tribun Timur
Idemo u Zoo: Burmanski piton
Idemo u Zoo: Burmanski piton
Published: 2016/10/02
Channel: ZOO Zagreb
Severus Piton - Sempre
Severus Piton - Sempre
Published: 2016/12/09
Channel: Caleel
MENEGANGKAN AKSI HEROIK Warga Selamatkan Sapi yang Mau Di Mangsa Ular Piton Raksasa
MENEGANGKAN AKSI HEROIK Warga Selamatkan Sapi yang Mau Di Mangsa Ular Piton Raksasa
Published: 2017/01/24
Channel: Dunia Maya
Gerçek yemek Jelibon yemeğe karşı PİTON yılan Gummy vs real food CRAZY CHALLENGE
Gerçek yemek Jelibon yemeğe karşı PİTON yılan Gummy vs real food CRAZY CHALLENGE
Published: 2017/04/12
Channel: Ali Baba channel
Harimau vs Ular Piton (Python) | Pertarungan Binatang Buas | Video Perkelahian Hewan Liar
Harimau vs Ular Piton (Python) | Pertarungan Binatang Buas | Video Perkelahian Hewan Liar
Published: 2015/11/13
Channel: Video Binatang
Piton dünyanın en büyük yılanı
Piton dünyanın en büyük yılanı
Published: 2016/10/18
Channel: Detail Channel
Jejak Perlawanan AKBAR Saat di Telan Ular Piton 7 Meter.. Mamuju, Sulawesi..!!
Jejak Perlawanan AKBAR Saat di Telan Ular Piton 7 Meter.. Mamuju, Sulawesi..!!
Published: 2017/04/02
Channel: Video on the spot terbaru
Bogdan e Atacat de Piton??? Jungle Park.  Bogdans`s Show Vlog
Bogdan e Atacat de Piton??? Jungle Park. Bogdans`s Show Vlog
Published: 2017/08/01
Channel: Bogdan's Show
Ngeri ..!! Ular Piton "Raksasa" Masuk ke Dalam Kamar Anak || Apa yang Terjadi Selanjutnya ?
Ngeri ..!! Ular Piton "Raksasa" Masuk ke Dalam Kamar Anak || Apa yang Terjadi Selanjutnya ?
Published: 2017/08/17
Channel: B'Star Views
ULAR PITON MEMANGSA LANDAK, LIHAT APA YANG TERJADI!!
ULAR PITON MEMANGSA LANDAK, LIHAT APA YANG TERJADI!!
Published: 2017/04/02
Channel: BUKA MATA
FILÓSOFO PITON JOGA CS:GO [PARTE 2]
FILÓSOFO PITON JOGA CS:GO [PARTE 2]
Published: 2017/02/13
Channel: Apelando
Piton Yılanı Antilobu Yiyor
Piton Yılanı Antilobu Yiyor
Published: 2014/05/12
Channel: Belgesel İzle
La verità su Piton
La verità su Piton
Published: 2014/05/14
Channel: PazzoRossonero94
Ngeri! Ular Piton Ini Lebih Besar dari Pemangsa Akbar
Ngeri! Ular Piton Ini Lebih Besar dari Pemangsa Akbar
Published: 2017/04/18
Channel: Tribun Timur
harry potter e il prigioniero di azkaban piton e lupin scena ita
harry potter e il prigioniero di azkaban piton e lupin scena ita
Published: 2014/02/25
Channel: Erica Costantini
Dev Köpek ve Dev Piton Yılanın DALAŞMASI!!!!
Dev Köpek ve Dev Piton Yılanın DALAŞMASI!!!!
Published: 2016/11/11
Channel: KÖPEK KAVGALARI
Dua Bocah Berburu Ular Piton Untuk Membiayai Keluarga, Lihat Aksinya Bikin Gigit Jari!
Dua Bocah Berburu Ular Piton Untuk Membiayai Keluarga, Lihat Aksinya Bikin Gigit Jari!
Published: 2017/07/07
Channel: Tribun Video
Cerita Paman, Beginilah Akbar Ditelan Ular Piton, Duduk dan Diseret 10 Meter
Cerita Paman, Beginilah Akbar Ditelan Ular Piton, Duduk dan Diseret 10 Meter
Published: 2017/03/30
Channel: Mbengkok Channel
La morte di Severus Piton HD [HARRY POTTER AND THE DEATHLY HALLOWS]
La morte di Severus Piton HD [HARRY POTTER AND THE DEATHLY HALLOWS]
Published: 2014/12/25
Channel: eddy110ost
FILÓSOFO PITON JOGA CS:GO [PARTE 3]
FILÓSOFO PITON JOGA CS:GO [PARTE 3]
Published: 2017/03/15
Channel: Apelando
TOP: Las 5 Serpientes Más GRANDES Del Mundo
TOP: Las 5 Serpientes Más GRANDES Del Mundo
Published: 2016/09/14
Channel: Luan Palomera
Detik - Detik Ular Piton Memakan Kanguru Sampai Habis
Detik - Detik Ular Piton Memakan Kanguru Sampai Habis
Published: 2016/01/28
Channel: Dunia Binatang
Harry Potter e la Pietra Filosofale - Prima lezione di pozioni con Piton (versione integrale)
Harry Potter e la Pietra Filosofale - Prima lezione di pozioni con Piton (versione integrale)
Published: 2015/01/22
Channel: Francesco Buonanno
FRANCESCO VAIRANO, la voce di Severus Piton | enciclopediadeldoppiaggio.it
FRANCESCO VAIRANO, la voce di Severus Piton | enciclopediadeldoppiaggio.it
Published: 2011/11/27
Channel: enciclopediadeldoppiaggio
O fetiţă a fost muşcată de un piton la circ
O fetiţă a fost muşcată de un piton la circ
Published: 2014/07/31
Channel: Antena 1
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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'60s-era pitons, including: knifeblades, lost arrows, bugaboos, ring angles, and bongs.
1950's-60's mild steel pitons
Old angle pitons on Shockley's Ceiling route at the Trapps cliff of Shawangunks.
RURP (Realized Ultimate Reality Piton) presented by Tom Frost.

In climbing, a piton (/ˈptɒn/; also called a pin or peg) is a metal spike (usually steel) that is driven into a crack or seam in the climbing surface with a climbing hammer, and which acts as an anchor to either protect the climber against the consequences of a fall or to assist progress in aid climbing. Pitons are equipped with an eye hole or a ring to which a carabiner is attached; the carabiner can then be directly or indirectly attached to a climbing rope.

Pitons were the original form of protection and are still used where there is no alternative. Repeated hammering and extraction of pitons damages the rock, and climbers who subscribe to the clean climbing ethic avoid their use as much as possible. With the popularization of clean climbing in the 1970s, pitons were largely replaced by faster and easier-to-use clean protection, such as nuts and camming devices.[1] Pitons are still found in place (as "fixed" pitons) on some established free climbing routes, as fixed belay station anchors, in places where nuts or cams do not work; and are used on some hard aid climbs.[2][3][4]

Styles and shapes[edit]

Pitons are sized and manufactured to fit a wide range of cracks. From small to large, the most common are:

  • RURP - for Realized Ultimate Reality Piton - a tiny piton the size of a postage stamp used in thin, shallow seams. It was designed by Tom Frost and Yvon Chouinard in 1959, and manufactured by Chouinard Equipment in the 1960s.[5] It is not a strong piece, and is mainly used for aid climbing, although it can feature as protection on extreme free routes (e.g. Rurp The Wild Berserk (E6 6b) at The Brand, Leicestershire, UK).[6] More recent versions of the RURP include Bird Beaks and Peckers.
  • Knifeblade - also known as Bugaboos, are a thin straight piton, that work in thin, deep cracks.
  • Lost Arrow - designed by John Salathé and Yvon Chouinard, are a hot-forged, tapered piton that performs well in medium-size cracks.
  • Angle - A piton made of steel sheet bent into a "U", "V", or "Z" shape; work well for larger cracks, where the steel deforms elastically as the piton is placed.
  • Bongs - The largest pitons are angles made from aluminium sheet called bongs, named for the sound they produce while being hammered into place, or the sound they make when dropped. Bongs have become rare with the advent of camming units, nuts (chocks) which protect the same wide cracks more easily, and without causing damage to the rock.

Materials and evolution[edit]

Early pitons were made of malleable iron and soft steel and would deform to the shape of the crack when driven into the rock, which worked well in the irregular cracks found on European limestone. Soft pitons are difficult to remove without damaging the piton, so they were frequently left in place and became fixed anchor points on a climb.

During climbing exploration of the hard granite in Yosemite Valley in the 1950s and 1960s, it was found that soft pitons did not work very well. The long routes developed in Yosemite made it impractical and costly to fix routes, and the soft pitons were not durable enough to be placed and removed more than a few times. Pitons needed to be removed and used again on subsequent pitches, sometimes many times. Leaving gear in place went against the ethics of many climbers. John Salathé pioneered designs using hardened steel which were much tougher than the European pitons. Salathé's pins, which he developed for a climb of the Lost Arrow, resisted deformation and were easier to remove and reuse, and were durable enough to be reused indefinitely.[7]

In popular culture[edit]

Films
  • In the James Bond film For Your Eyes Only (1981), James Bond (Roger Moore) makes use of pitons while climbing a sheer cliff face, as a means to infiltrate the villain Kristatos' (Julian Glover) hideout. Just before he gets to the top of the cliff, Bond is met by Apostis, one of Kristatos' assassins. Apostis tries to kill Bond by knocking his pitons out of the rock, which would cause Bond to fall to his death. Just before Apostis knocks out the last piton, Bond unclips another piton from his belt and uses it as a throwing knife, injuring Apostis and sending the assassin falling to his death. Bond is then able to infiltrate Kristatos' hideout.
Games
  • In the video game I Am Alive, the main character can also use a piton to rest and replenish their stamina while climbing for extended periods of time.
  • In Uncharted 4: A Thief's End, Nathan Drake acquires a piton from a hanged corpse. The tool becomes more used in the later half of the game.
Literature
  • Dan Simmons' historical fiction novel, The Abominable (2013), centers on mountain climbing and frequently depicts passages in which piton use is crucial (e.g., Chapter 5). Additionally, the world class British Alpinist, Richard Davis Deacon, sneers at the Germans' heavy use of such equipment, while the narrator, his younger American protege, deems it brilliant (Chapter 6).
Television
  • In the MacGyver season 2 episode "Eagles", MacGyver must climb a mountain to save baby eagles. Short of equipment, he uses tent stakes as pitons.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Loughman, Michael (1981). Learning to Rock Climb. Page 78: Sierra Club Books. ISBN 0-87156-281-2. 
  2. ^ Loughman, Michael (1981). Learning to Rock Climb. Page 80: Sierra Club Books. ISBN 0-87156-281-2. 
  3. ^ Genereux, Andy (May 2006). Yamnuska Rock: The Crown Jewel of Canadian Rockies Traditional Climbing. Rocky Mountain Books. p. 219. ISBN 9781894765749. 
  4. ^ "Protection using pitons". Mountaineering Methodology. Retrieved 4 May 2017. 
  5. ^ Jones, Chris (1976). Climbing in North America. Berkeley: American Alpine Club and University of California Press. p. 274. ISBN 0-520-02976-3. 
  6. ^ Climbs at The Brand
  7. ^ McNamara, Chris (2000). Yosemite Big Walls: SuperTopo. Mill Valley: SuperTopo. p. 113. ISBN 0-9672391-1-7. 

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