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1
Bill Nye
Bill Nye's Open Letter to President Barack Obama
::2013/12/05::
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2
LightSail-1 Mission Trailer
LightSail-1 Mission Trailer
::2014/07/09::
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3
The Planetary Society 2014 Budget Hangout: First Reactions
The Planetary Society 2014 Budget Hangout: First Reactions
::2013/04/10::
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4
Carl Sagan Day Tribute
Carl Sagan Day Tribute
::2012/11/11::
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5
Your Place in Space - Bill Nye
Your Place in Space - Bill Nye
::2012/08/13::
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6
2013 Thank You Message From Bill Nye and the Planetary Society
2013 Thank You Message From Bill Nye and the Planetary Society
::2013/12/22::
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7
The Planetary Society Says Thank You!
The Planetary Society Says Thank You!
::2012/12/20::
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8
The Planetary Society Says, Rosetta Wake Up!
The Planetary Society Says, Rosetta Wake Up!
::2013/12/18::
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9
Snapshots From Space with Emily Lakdawalla--Seasons on Mars
Snapshots From Space with Emily Lakdawalla--Seasons on Mars
::2012/02/20::
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10
Planetary Society Hangout: Asteroid Astronomy with Andy Rivkin
Planetary Society Hangout: Asteroid Astronomy with Andy Rivkin
::2013/02/28::
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11
The People of NewSpace: Bill Nye - The Planetary Society
The People of NewSpace: Bill Nye - The Planetary Society
::2012/08/29::
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12
A Major Political Victory for the Planetary Society
A Major Political Victory for the Planetary Society
::2013/03/29::
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13
Planetary Society Hangout Dec 6 2012: Curiosity update and the 2020 rover
Planetary Society Hangout Dec 6 2012: Curiosity update and the 2020 rover
::2012/12/06::
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14
Planetary Society Weekly Hangout: Being WISE about asteroids, comets, and brown dwarfs with Amy Main
Planetary Society Weekly Hangout: Being WISE about asteroids, comets, and brown dwarfs with Amy Main
::2013/03/14::
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15
2011: A Planetary Society Year in Review With Bill Nye
2011: A Planetary Society Year in Review With Bill Nye
::2011/11/21::
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16
P4A: The Planetary Society
P4A: The Planetary Society
::2010/12/17::
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17
Planetary Society Hangout: Programming in the Sciences with Chase Million
Planetary Society Hangout: Programming in the Sciences with Chase Million
::2013/04/04::
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18
Introduction to Mars - Jim Bell
Introduction to Mars - Jim Bell
::2012/08/12::
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19
Planetary Society Hangout with Chris Lewicki from Planetary Resources
Planetary Society Hangout with Chris Lewicki from Planetary Resources
::2013/06/27::
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20
Bill Nye Wants Your Help to Save Our Science!
Bill Nye Wants Your Help to Save Our Science!
::2012/04/13::
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21
USA Science and Engineering Festival, Preview Day @ The Planetary Society booth
USA Science and Engineering Festival, Preview Day @ The Planetary Society booth
::2012/04/27::
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22
USA Science and Engineering Festival, Day Two @ The Planetary Society booth
USA Science and Engineering Festival, Day Two @ The Planetary Society booth
::2012/05/01::
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23
Planetary Society Hangout: LaserBees, SETI, NEOs, Planet Vacuums!
Planetary Society Hangout: LaserBees, SETI, NEOs, Planet Vacuums!
::2013/06/13::
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24
Planetary Society Hangout: Feb 7, 2013 - Ice and Snow on Mars with Paul Hayne
Planetary Society Hangout: Feb 7, 2013 - Ice and Snow on Mars with Paul Hayne
::2013/02/07::
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25
USA Science and Engineering Festival, Day One @ The Planetary Society booth
USA Science and Engineering Festival, Day One @ The Planetary Society booth
::2012/04/30::
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26
The Planetary Society
The Planetary Society
::2013/12/09::
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27
Planetary Society Hangout, February 14, 2013: Courtney Dressing and exoplanets
Planetary Society Hangout, February 14, 2013: Courtney Dressing and exoplanets
::2013/02/14::
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28
Planetary Society Hangout: What
Planetary Society Hangout: What's Going On With Curiosity?
::2013/03/07::
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29
Planetary Society Hangout, Jan 31, 2013: Sarah Noble on Working on the Moon from Washington
Planetary Society Hangout, Jan 31, 2013: Sarah Noble on Working on the Moon from Washington
::2013/01/31::
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30
Planetary Society Hangout, Jan 3rd, 2013: Jim Bell on Photographing Mars
Planetary Society Hangout, Jan 3rd, 2013: Jim Bell on Photographing Mars
::2013/01/03::
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31
Emily Lakdawalla of the Planetary Society   Steering by the Planets mp3
Emily Lakdawalla of the Planetary Society Steering by the Planets mp3
::2014/08/28::
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32
Planetary Society Hangout: What
Planetary Society Hangout: What's going on with Planetary Science cuts?
::2013/05/23::
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33
The Planetary Society, Dr. Adriana Ocampo and NASA Chicxulub Belize Expedition
The Planetary Society, Dr. Adriana Ocampo and NASA Chicxulub Belize Expedition
::2011/05/01::
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34
Planetary Society Hangout 2012-12-13: GRAIL
Planetary Society Hangout 2012-12-13: GRAIL's Demise, Curiosity Arrives, and the 2020 Rover Surprise
::2012/12/13::
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35
Planetary Society Hangout Jan 10th, 2013 Exoplanets Everywhere
Planetary Society Hangout Jan 10th, 2013 Exoplanets Everywhere
::2013/01/10::
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36
Planetary Society Hangout, March 21, 2013: ALMA Observatory, and Tracking Asteroids/Robert Holmes
Planetary Society Hangout, March 21, 2013: ALMA Observatory, and Tracking Asteroids/Robert Holmes
::2013/03/21::
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37
Planetary Society Hangout: Ice Giants with Heidi Hammel
Planetary Society Hangout: Ice Giants with Heidi Hammel
::2013/04/11::
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38
Cassini
Cassini's "Wave At Saturn" Revealed
::2013/11/13::
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39
Planetary Society Hangout: Emily Dean on a Sol in the Life of Opportunity
Planetary Society Hangout: Emily Dean on a Sol in the Life of Opportunity
::2013/05/09::
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40
Planetary Society Hangout Jan 24th - Asteroid Hunting with Gary Hug
Planetary Society Hangout Jan 24th - Asteroid Hunting with Gary Hug
::2013/01/24::
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41
Planetary Society Hangout: NASA
Planetary Society Hangout: NASA's 2014 Budget & Planetary Defense Conference
::2013/04/25::
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42
Planetary Society Hangout, May 1, 2013: Naming Bennu with Mike and Larry Puzio and Dante Lauretta
Planetary Society Hangout, May 1, 2013: Naming Bennu with Mike and Larry Puzio and Dante Lauretta
::2013/05/03::
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43
Planetary Society Hangout: Dec 20th, 2012 - Talking Titan with Sarah Horst
Planetary Society Hangout: Dec 20th, 2012 - Talking Titan with Sarah Horst
::2012/12/20::
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44
Planetary Society Hangout, Jan 17, 2013: Joel Hurowitz on Sampling Mars with Curiosity
Planetary Society Hangout, Jan 17, 2013: Joel Hurowitz on Sampling Mars with Curiosity
::2013/01/17::
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45
100YSS @ EU Parliament - Dr. Louis Friedman of Planetary Society
100YSS @ EU Parliament - Dr. Louis Friedman of Planetary Society
::2013/03/29::
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46
Planetary Society Hangout, Feb 21st, 2013 - Sequestration at NASA with Jon Morse
Planetary Society Hangout, Feb 21st, 2013 - Sequestration at NASA with Jon Morse
::2013/02/21::
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47
Planetary Society Weekly Hangout, May 1: MESSENGER
Planetary Society Weekly Hangout, May 1: MESSENGER's mission to Mercury with Larry Nittler
::2013/05/03::
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48
2013 Planetary Defense Conference--Part 5: Bill Nye Joins Inspiring Panel Discussion
2013 Planetary Defense Conference--Part 5: Bill Nye Joins Inspiring Panel Discussion
::2013/04/23::
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Joint Mars Society-Planetary Society : Capital Hill Forum : R Zubrin Speech [part 1 of 2]
Joint Mars Society-Planetary Society : Capital Hill Forum : R Zubrin Speech [part 1 of 2]
::2011/11/29::
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2013 Planetary Defense Conference--Part 4: Bill Nye the Science Guy!
2013 Planetary Defense Conference--Part 4: Bill Nye the Science Guy!
::2013/04/23::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Planetary Society)
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The Planetary Society
Type NGO and Non-profit foundation
Location
Fields Space advocacy
Members 40,000+
Key people Carl Sagan, Bruce C. Murray, Louis Friedman, Bill Nye, Neil deGrasse Tyson
Mission To inspire the people of Earth to explore other worlds, understand our own, and seek life elsewhere.
Website planetary.org
Planetary Society founders. 1980 photo.

The Planetary Society is an American-based non-government, nonprofit organization; anyone can join. It is involved in research and engineering projects related to astronomy, planetary science, exploration, public outreach, and political advocacy. It was founded in 1980 by Carl Sagan, Bruce Murray, and Louis Friedman,[1] and has over 40,000 members[citation needed] from more than one hundred countries around the world.

The Society is dedicated to the exploration of the Solar System, the search for Near Earth Objects, and the search for extraterrestrial life.[2] The society's mission is stated has: "To empower the world's citizens to advance space science and exploration".[3]


In addition to public outreach, the Planetary Society also sponsors novel and innovative projects that will "seed" further exploration. In June 2005, the Society launched the Cosmos 1 craft to test the feasibility of solar sailing, but the rocket failed shortly after liftoff.[4][5]

The Planetary Society runs many programs. Two of the highest profile programs are Lightsail and LIFE (Living Interplanetary Life Experiment.) Lightsail is a series of three solar sail experiments.[6] LightSail-1 is expected to piggyback on a future NASA mission.[7]

LIFE is a two-part program designed to test the ability of microorganisms to survive in space.[8] The first phase involves sending carefully packaged microorganisms into low earth orbit on a space shuttle.[9] Shuttle LIFE was scheduled to fly on shuttle Endeavor's final flight on May 16, 2011 and return to earth on June 1.[10] The second phase rode on Russia's Fobos-Grunt mission, which attempted to go to Mars' moon Phobos and back. This three-year mission was designed to test the survivability of microorganisms in interplanetary flight and was set to launch some time in mid-Oct to mid-Nov 2011.[8] On November 8, 2011 Fobos-Grunt successfully launched, but for reasons unknown failed to escape earth orbit. Roscosmos has given up on the probe leaving earth orbit and it is predicted to return to earth sometime in early January 2012.[11] However, the LIFE program is still continuing, due to the ongoing analyses of the microorganisms flown on the Shuttle LIFE mission and, according to Bruce Betts himself, another ride of LIFE is considered.[12]

In addition to its projects, The Planetary Society is also a strong advocate for space funding and missions of exploration within NASA. They actively lobby Congress and engage their membership in the United States to write and call their representatives in support of NASA funding.

History[edit]

The Planetary Society was founded in 1980 by Carl Sagan, Bruce Murray, and Louis Friedman as a champion of public support of space exploration and the search for extraterrestrial life. Until his death in 1996, the Society was actively led by Sagan, who used his celebrity and political clout to influence the political climate of the time, including protecting SETI in 1981 from congressional cancellation. Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, the Society pushed its scientific and technologic agenda, which led to an increased interest in rover-based planetary exploration and NASA's New Horizons mission to Pluto.

In addition to its political affairs, the Society has created a number of space related projects and programs. The SETI program began with Paul Horowitz's Suitcase SETI and has grown to encompass searches in radio and optical wavelengths from the northern and southern hemispheres of the Earth. SETI@home, the largest distributed computing experiment on Earth, is perhaps the Society's best-known SETI project. Other projects include the development of the Mars Microphone instrument which flew on the failed Mars Polar Lander project, as well as the LightSail-1 project, a solar sail project to determine if space travel is possible by using only sunlight.

Program summary[edit]

The Planetary Society currently runs seven different program areas with a number of programs in each area:

Organization[edit]

The Planetary Society is governed by a 17-member volunteer board of directors chosen for their passion about and knowledge of space exploration. The Board has a chairman, President, and Vice President and an Executive Committee, and normally meets twice per year to set the Society's policies and future directions. Nominations are sought and considered periodically from a variety of sources, including from members of the Board and Advisory Council, Society Members, staff, and experts in the space community.[13] On June 7, 2010, the Society announced that famed American science educator Bill Nye would become the new executive director of the society.[14]

Members[edit]

The Planetary Society's current board of directors includes the following:[13]

Notable members of its Advisory Council include:[15]

Science and Technology[edit]

The Planetary Society sponsors science and technology projects to seed further exploration. All of these projects are funded by the Society's members and donors. Some projects include:

A member's donation of $4.2 million in 2014 will be used by the Society to further their research into solar sails and asteroid tracking.[17]

The Planetary Report[edit]

The Planetary Report is the quarterly internationally recognized flagship magazine of The Planetary Society, featuring articles and full-color photos to provide comprehensive coverage of discoveries on Earth and other planets. It went from bimonthly to quarterly with the June (summer solstice) 2011 issue.

This magazine reaches over 40,000 members of The Planetary Society all over the world, with news about planetary missions, spacefaring nations, space explorers, planetary science controversies, and the latest findings in humankind's exploration of the solar system.

Planetary Radio[edit]

Main article: Planetary Radio

The Planetary Society also produces Planetary Radio, a weekly 30-minute radio program and podcast hosted and produced by Mat Kaplan. The show's programming consists mostly of interviews and telephone-based conversations with scientists, engineers, project managers, artists, writers, astronauts, and many other professionals who can provide some insight or perspective into the current state of space exploration.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Spangenburg, Ray; Moser, Diane (2004), Carl Sagan: a biography, Greenwood Publishing Group, p. 107, ISBN 978-0-313-32265-5 .
  2. ^ "The Planetary Society encourages exploration of the universe to find extraterrestrial life", Los Angeles Times, May 1, 1983 .
  3. ^ About Us (planetary.org)
  4. ^ "No Signal From Solar Sail Spacecraft", Fox News, June 21, 2005 .
  5. ^ Asaravala, Amit (June 23, 2005), "Reality of Cosmos 1 Loss Sets In", Wired .
  6. ^ "LightSail: A Multi-Mission Project", The Planetary Society website. Retrieved 2011-05-05.
  7. ^ "LightSail-1", The Planetary Society website. Retrieved 2011-05-05.
  8. ^ a b "LIFE Experiment: Shuttle & Phobos: FAQ", The Planetary Society website. Retrieved 2011-05-05.
  9. ^ Shuttle LIFE homepage, The Planetary Society. Retrieved 2011-05-05.
  10. ^ "Planetary Society Welcomes Home Shuttle LIFE Passengers", press release, The Planetary Society website, June 1, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-15.
  11. ^ "'January re-entry' for Phobos-Grunt Mars probe", BBC News, December 16, 2011 
  12. ^ "Update on Phobos – Where’s a shuttle when you need it?" Victor Grippi – The Atomic Writer. Retrieved October 4, 2012.
  13. ^ a b "Meet our Board", The Planetary Society webpage. Retrieved 2011-03-15.
  14. ^ "Bill Nye Signs on as Planetary Society's New Executive Director", press release, The Planetary Society website, June 7, 2010. Retrieved 2011-03-15.
  15. ^ Advisory council, The Planetary Society webpage Retrieved 2013-08-08
  16. ^ "Projects – SETI@home – Recent updates". Planetary Society. May 26, 2009. Retrieved January 23, 2010. 
  17. ^ "New Scientist: Cash for solar sails". Retrieved April 5, 2014. 

External links[edit]

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