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How to Divide and Mount a Staghorn Fern (Platycerium andinum)
How to Divide and Mount a Staghorn Fern (Platycerium andinum)
Published: 2016/09/07
Channel: LogeesPlants
How to Mount a Staghorn Fern (Platycerium bifurcatum)
How to Mount a Staghorn Fern (Platycerium bifurcatum)
Published: 2016/09/07
Channel: LogeesPlants
How make and  mount a board for platycerium staghorn ferns.
How make and mount a board for platycerium staghorn ferns.
Published: 2014/07/31
Channel: Scott Riddle
Australian Giant Staghorn Fern (Platycerium superbum)
Australian Giant Staghorn Fern (Platycerium superbum)
Published: 2013/04/23
Channel: Randy's Tropical Plants
El jardinero en casa - Platycerium
El jardinero en casa - Platycerium
Published: 2014/01/02
Channel: PTVcordoba
Platycerium Grande
Platycerium Grande
Published: 2015/06/20
Channel: Platiceros
How To Make Hanging Plants - Platycerium
How To Make Hanging Plants - Platycerium
Published: 2016/05/25
Channel: Widodo Sukses
Platycerium
Platycerium
Published: 2016/05/07
Channel: MTVAlive
Platycerium ridleyi wide forms @ Nukul Garden
Platycerium ridleyi wide forms @ Nukul Garden
Published: 2013/05/25
Channel: Patra Sangdanuch
Grow a Staghorn Fern on your Veranda, House or Tree in Australia
Grow a Staghorn Fern on your Veranda, House or Tree in Australia
Published: 2015/02/17
Channel: daleysfr
Platycerium - Staghorn fern - Elkhorn - Growing spores P.Ridleyi, P.Wandae
Platycerium - Staghorn fern - Elkhorn - Growing spores P.Ridleyi, P.Wandae
Published: 2017/05/07
Channel: Cnx Exotic Fern
How to collect Platycerium spores.
How to collect Platycerium spores.
Published: 2008/11/17
Channel: Wanna Pinijpaitoon
Platycerium andinum con lluvia
Platycerium andinum con lluvia
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: plachang plattojp
Platycerium Superbum
Platycerium Superbum
Published: 2014/09/29
Channel: Platiceros
Barry Landau
Barry Landau's Tropical Planet - Staghorn Ferns - Platycerium - Rainforest Flora
Published: 2016/01/16
Channel: Barry Landau
How to mount Platycerium sporeling with wood.
How to mount Platycerium sporeling with wood.
Published: 2009/07/07
Channel: Wanna Pinijpaitoon
Growing Platycerium ridleyi from spores
Growing Platycerium ridleyi from spores
Published: 2013/05/25
Channel: Patra Sangdanuch
Platycerium Elemaria (Elephantotis x Stemaria) Growth over 500 + Days
Platycerium Elemaria (Elephantotis x Stemaria) Growth over 500 + Days
Published: 2015/08/13
Channel: wwhamer
Platycerium wallichii - Staghorn fern - Elkhorn - 鹿角蕨
Platycerium wallichii - Staghorn fern - Elkhorn - 鹿角蕨
Published: 2015/08/11
Channel: Cnx Exotic Fern
Platycerium spore dispersal
Platycerium spore dispersal
Published: 2017/05/14
Channel: Dave Ng W. S.
Platycerium - Staghorn fern - Elkhorn - Growing spores
Platycerium - Staghorn fern - Elkhorn - Growing spores
Published: 2015/07/27
Channel: Cnx Exotic Fern
Platycerium grande
Platycerium grande
Published: 2015/04/08
Channel: Scott Riddle
Platycerium bifurcatum - Staghorn Ferns - elkhorn ferns HD 02
Platycerium bifurcatum - Staghorn Ferns - elkhorn ferns HD 02
Published: 2014/08/02
Channel: LaboratorTEBA
Platycerium Stemmaria
Platycerium Stemmaria
Published: 2014/03/18
Channel: Platiceros
Platycerium Ridleyi - 鹿角蕨
Platycerium Ridleyi - 鹿角蕨
Published: 2015/07/20
Channel: Cnx Exotic Fern
Platycerium superbum - Staghorn  Horn Ferns - elkhorn ferns HD 01
Platycerium superbum - Staghorn Horn Ferns - elkhorn ferns HD 01
Published: 2014/07/14
Channel: LaboratorTEBA
PLATYCERIUM ANDINUM
PLATYCERIUM ANDINUM
Published: 2016/08/31
Channel: Platiceros
Cultivo y cuidado de los Cuernos o Helechos - TvAgro por Juan Gonzalo Angel
Cultivo y cuidado de los Cuernos o Helechos - TvAgro por Juan Gonzalo Angel
Published: 2016/05/20
Channel: TvAgro
เดินชมชายผ้าสีดาไม้สะสม Platycerium fern collecter
เดินชมชายผ้าสีดาไม้สะสม Platycerium fern collecter
Published: 2017/05/03
Channel: Cnx Exotic Fern
The Fern Factory Board -Mounting Platycerium bifurcatum
The Fern Factory Board -Mounting Platycerium bifurcatum
Published: 2008/05/13
Channel: fernfactory
Platycerium superbum
Platycerium superbum
Published: 2015/04/08
Channel: Scott Riddle
Platycerium Ridleyii ชายผ้าสีดา เขากวางตั้ง
Platycerium Ridleyii ชายผ้าสีดา เขากวางตั้ง
Published: 2016/12/26
Channel: Cnx Exotic Fern
Platycerium Elemaria (Elephantotis x Stemaria) Pup Growth over year
Platycerium Elemaria (Elephantotis x Stemaria) Pup Growth over year
Published: 2010/08/12
Channel: wwhamer
Longest Platycerium Coronarium
Longest Platycerium Coronarium
Published: 2016/12/26
Channel: Cnx Exotic Fern
Platycerium Ridleyi
Platycerium Ridleyi
Published: 2015/07/20
Channel: Cnx Exotic Fern
Platycerium African oddity
Platycerium African oddity
Published: 2015/06/26
Channel: Scott Riddle
Platycerium superbum - Stag Horn Fern HD 01
Platycerium superbum - Stag Horn Fern HD 01
Published: 2014/01/15
Channel: LaboratorTEBA
platycerium african oddity
platycerium african oddity
Published: 2015/04/08
Channel: Scott Riddle
Platycerium - Staghorn fern - Elkhorn - 鹿角蕨 - Growing spores
Platycerium - Staghorn fern - Elkhorn - 鹿角蕨 - Growing spores
Published: 2016/05/27
Channel: Cnx Exotic Fern
Platycerium staghorn fern
Platycerium staghorn fern
Published: 2015/04/08
Channel: Scott Riddle
Platycerium - garden plants
Platycerium - garden plants
Published: 2015/01/27
Channel: Garden Plants
Platycerium willinckii silvery
Platycerium willinckii silvery
Published: 2015/07/22
Channel: Cnx Exotic Fern
How to sow Platycerium fern spores.
How to sow Platycerium fern spores.
Published: 2008/11/16
Channel: Wanna Pinijpaitoon
Platycerium hilli zone
Platycerium hilli zone
Published: 2015/07/22
Channel: Cnx Exotic Fern
Platycerium Willinckii - Staghorn fern - Elkhorn - 鹿角蕨
Platycerium Willinckii - Staghorn fern - Elkhorn - 鹿角蕨
Published: 2016/05/26
Channel: Cnx Exotic Fern
Platycerium Wandae - Staghorn fern - Elkhorn ชายผ้าสีดา
Platycerium Wandae - Staghorn fern - Elkhorn ชายผ้าสีดา
Published: 2017/04/18
Channel: Cnx Exotic Fern
Platycerium grande - Staghorn fern - Elkhorn - 鹿角蕨
Platycerium grande - Staghorn fern - Elkhorn - 鹿角蕨
Published: 2015/03/05
Channel: Cnx Exotic Fern
Platycerium Lemoinei - Staghorn fern - Elkhorn
Platycerium Lemoinei - Staghorn fern - Elkhorn
Published: 2016/02/05
Channel: Cnx Exotic Fern
Platycerium - Staghorn fern - Elkhorn - 鹿角蕨
Platycerium - Staghorn fern - Elkhorn - 鹿角蕨
Published: 2016/02/05
Channel: Cnx Exotic Fern
The Fern Factory Moss Board Mounting-Platycerium superbum
The Fern Factory Moss Board Mounting-Platycerium superbum
Published: 2008/05/13
Channel: fernfactory
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Platycerium
Platycerium bifurcatum.jpg
Platycerium bifurcatum from the Australian National Botanical Gardens, Canberra
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Pteridophyta
Class: Polypodiopsida/Pteridopsida
(disputed)
Order: Polypodiales
(unranked): Eupolypods I
Family: Polypodiaceae
Subfamily: Platycerioideae
Genus: Platycerium
Desv.
Species

Platycerium is a genus of about 18 fern species in the polypod family, Polypodiaceae. Ferns in this genus are widely known as staghorn or elkhorn ferns due to their uniquely shaped fronds. This genus is epiphytic and is native to tropical and temperate areas of South America, Africa, Southeast Asia, Australia, and New Guinea.[1]

Description[edit]

Platycerium sporophytes (adult plants) have tufted roots growing from a short rhizome that bears two types of fronds, basal and fertile fronds. Basal fronds are sterile, shield or kidney shaped and laminate against the tree and protect the fern's roots from damage and desiccation. In some Platycerium species the top margin of these fronds forms an open crown of lobes and thereby catches falling forest litter and water.

Fertile fronds bear spores on their undersurface, are dichotomous or antler shaped and jut out or hang from the rhizome. The spores are born in sporangia clustered in large sori that are usually positioned on the lobes or at the sinus between frond lobes.

Some species of Platycerium are solitary having only one rhizome. Other species form colonies when their rhizomes branch or when new rhizomes are formed from root tips. If the conditions are right the spores will germinate naturally on surrounding trees. Platycerium gametophytes are a small heart-shaped thallus.

Platycerium have diverged into four natural groups. Several Platycerium are strongly adapted to xeric conditions and the drought tolerating mechanism Crassulacean Acid Metabolism has been reported for P. veitchii.[2]

Cultivation[edit]

The species Platycerium bifurcatum and Platycerium superbum are commonly cultivated as ornamental plants. These oddly shaped ferns grow on trees and rocks and can be found in gardens, especially tropical gardens.

Staghorns can be propagated by spores produced on the underside of the fertile fronds. Colonial Platycerium can also be vegetatively propagated by carefully dividing large healthy ones into smaller, separate plants. These new plants can then be attached to board mounts or be strapped to trees until they take to the tree themselves.

A mature staghorn can grow more than 1 metre (3.3 ft) wide.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hennipman, E. (1982). A monograph of the fern genus Platycerium (Polypodiaceae). Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, Afd. Natuurkunde. Tweede reeks. Amsterdam ; New York: North-Holland. ISBN 0444855696. 
  2. ^ Kreier, Hans-Peter; Schneider, Harald (2006). "Phylogeny and biogeography of the staghorn fern genus Platycerium (Polypodiaceae, Polypodiidae)". American Journal of Botany. 93 (2): 217–225. ISSN 0002-9122. PMID 21646182. doi:10.3732/ajb.93.2.217. 
  • Holtum, Joseph A.M.; Klaus Winter (1999-01-01). "Degrees of crassulacean acid metabolism in tropical epiphytic and lithophytic ferns". Functional Plant Biology. 26 (8): 749–757. 

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