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1
How to mount Platycerium sporeling with wood.
How to mount Platycerium sporeling with wood.
::2009/07/07::
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2
How to collect Platycerium spores.
How to collect Platycerium spores.
::2008/11/17::
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3
Platycerium bifurcatum or stag horn fern
Platycerium bifurcatum or stag horn fern
::2011/06/26::
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4
Platycerium holttumii何其美鹿角蕨 (2)
Platycerium holttumii何其美鹿角蕨 (2)
::2009/05/23::
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5
Growing Platycerium ridleyi from spores
Growing Platycerium ridleyi from spores
::2013/05/25::
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6
El jardinero en casa - Platycerium
El jardinero en casa - Platycerium
::2014/01/02::
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7
Platycerium ridleyi wide forms @ Nukul Garden
Platycerium ridleyi wide forms @ Nukul Garden
::2013/05/25::
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8
The Fern Factory Board -Mounting Platycerium bifurcatum
The Fern Factory Board -Mounting Platycerium bifurcatum
::2008/05/13::
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9
How to sow Platycerium fern spores.
How to sow Platycerium fern spores.
::2008/11/16::
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10
Platycerium collector
Platycerium collector
::2013/08/03::
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11
Australian Giant Staghorn Fern (Platycerium superbum)
Australian Giant Staghorn Fern (Platycerium superbum)
::2013/04/23::
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12
lezioni di giardinaggio-lez 26-platycerium biforcatum o corna di cervo.mpg
lezioni di giardinaggio-lez 26-platycerium biforcatum o corna di cervo.mpg
::2010/01/24::
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13
Pucacaca y el Platycerium andinum
Pucacaca y el Platycerium andinum
::2010/05/08::
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14
Platycerium grande壯麗鹿角蕨
Platycerium grande壯麗鹿角蕨
::2009/05/18::
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15
The Fern Factory Board Mounting Platycerium superbum
The Fern Factory Board Mounting Platycerium superbum
::2008/05/13::
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16
Platycerium Stemmaria
Platycerium Stemmaria
::2014/03/18::
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17
Platycerium superbum - Stag Horn Fern HD 01
Platycerium superbum - Stag Horn Fern HD 01
::2014/01/15::
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18
Platycerium Elemaria Pup Growth over year
Platycerium Elemaria Pup Growth over year
::2010/08/12::
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19
Remounting Staghorn Ferns
Remounting Staghorn Ferns
::2009/11/20::
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20
The Fern Factory Moss Board Mounting-Platycerium superbum
The Fern Factory Moss Board Mounting-Platycerium superbum
::2008/05/13::
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21
growing ferns from spore
growing ferns from spore
::2009/08/26::
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22
How to grow the elephant ear staghorn fern
How to grow the elephant ear staghorn fern
::2012/03/28::
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23
Platycerium andinum安地斯鹿角蕨
Platycerium andinum安地斯鹿角蕨
::2009/05/18::
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24
Platycerium
Platycerium
::2013/09/29::
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25
Platycerium 4
Platycerium 4
::2010/11/04::
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26
Platycerium 3
Platycerium 3
::2010/11/04::
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27
Geweihfarn Platycerium in Sekundärwald bei Wau, Papua-Neuguinea, elkhorn ferns
Geweihfarn Platycerium in Sekundärwald bei Wau, Papua-Neuguinea, elkhorn ferns
::2011/09/30::
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28
Platycerium Geweihfarn Hirschgeweihfarn Epiphyten
Platycerium Geweihfarn Hirschgeweihfarn Epiphyten
::2012/02/07::
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29
Formigas no Platycerium
Formigas no Platycerium
::2013/04/01::
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30
How to Pronounce Platycerium
How to Pronounce Platycerium
::2013/11/07::
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31
象耳鹿角蕨Platycerium elephantotis(2)
象耳鹿角蕨Platycerium elephantotis(2)
::2009/05/23::
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32
Platycerium willinckii爪哇鹿角蕨
Platycerium willinckii爪哇鹿角蕨
::2009/05/18::
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33
Platycerium holttumii何其美鹿角蕨(1)
Platycerium holttumii何其美鹿角蕨(1)
::2009/05/18::
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34
Platycerium
Platycerium
::2011/07/03::
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35
象耳鹿角蕨Platycerium elephantotis
象耳鹿角蕨Platycerium elephantotis
::2009/05/17::
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36
platycerium y paisajismo
platycerium y paisajismo
::2013/12/26::
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37
Platycerium 1.mp4
Platycerium 1.mp4
::2010/11/04::
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38
Platycerium 2
Platycerium 2
::2010/11/04::
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39
How to tree mount staghorn ferns
How to tree mount staghorn ferns
::2012/01/03::
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40
World
World's Largest Staghorn Fern
::2012/10/19::
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41
How to mount Platy. redleyi with Moss Bag.
How to mount Platy. redleyi with Moss Bag.
::2008/09/20::
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42
Exotic Plants at Botanic Garden, Dublin
Exotic Plants at Botanic Garden, Dublin
::2012/08/28::
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43
QI Epiphytes: Young Ausie Mistletoe? or Strangler Fig? on our Bottle Brush.
QI Epiphytes: Young Ausie Mistletoe? or Strangler Fig? on our Bottle Brush.
::2013/02/03::
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44
Staghorn fern and rare Blue Vanda orchid growing in India
Staghorn fern and rare Blue Vanda orchid growing in India
::2012/10/12::
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45
biologia . chifre-de-veado
biologia . chifre-de-veado
::2013/03/09::
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46
Tropical Farms 3 720p.mp4
Tropical Farms 3 720p.mp4
::2012/08/30::
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47
Tropical Farms 8 : How to mount platyceriums on planks
Tropical Farms 8 : How to mount platyceriums on planks
::2013/08/12::
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48
P.Coronarium  หว่านผสม  P. elephantotis
P.Coronarium หว่านผสม P. elephantotis
::2010/05/26::
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49
Tropical Farms 1 720p.mp4
Tropical Farms 1 720p.mp4
::2012/08/30::
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50
Japanese Garden in Summer
Japanese Garden in Summer
::2012/08/07::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Platycerium is a genus of about 18 fern species in the polypod family, Polypodiaceae. Ferns in this genus are widely known as staghorn or elkhorn ferns due to their uniquely shaped fronds. This genus is epiphytic and is native to tropical and temperate areas of South America, Africa, Southeast Asia, Australia, and New Guinea.[1]

Description[edit]

Platycerium sporophytes (adult plants) have tufted roots growing from a short rhizome that bears two types of fronds, basal and fertile fronds. Basal fronds are sterile, shield or kidney shaped and laminate against the tree and protect the fern's roots from damage and desiccation. In some Platycerium species the top margin of these fronds forms an open crown of lobes and thereby catches falling forest litter and water.

Fertile fronds bear spores on their undersurface, are dichotomous or antler shaped and jut out or hang from the rhizome. The spores are born in sporangia clustered in large sori that are usually positioned on the lobes or at the sinus between frond lobes.

Some species of Platycerium are solitary having only one rhizome. Other species form colonies when their rhizomes branch or when new rhizomes are formed from root tips. If the conditions are right the spores will germinate naturally on surrounding trees. Platycerium gametophytes are a small heart-shaped thallus.

Platycerium have diverged into four natural groups. Several Platycerium are strongly adapted to xeric conditions and the drought tolerating mechanism Crassulacean Acid Metabolism has been reported for P. veitchii.[2]

Platycerium superbum

Cultivation[edit]

The species Platycerium bifurcatum and Platycerium superbum are commonly cultivated as ornamental plants. These oddly shaped ferns grow on trees and rocks and can be found in gardens, especially tropical gardens.

Staghorns can be propagated by spores produced on the underside of the fertile fronds. Colonial Platycerium can also be vegetatively propagated by carefully dividing large healthy ones into smaller, separate plants. These new plants can then be attached to board mounts or be strapped to trees until they take to the tree themselves.

A mature staghorn can grow more than 1 metre (3.3 ft) wide.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hennipman, E. (1982). A monograph of the fern genus Platycerium (Polypodiaceae). Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, Afd. Natuurkunde. Tweede reeks. Amsterdam ; New York: North-Holland. ISBN 0444855696. 
  2. ^ Schneider, Hans-Peter Kreier And Harald (2006-02). "Phylogeny and biogeography of the staghorn fern genus Platycerium (Polypodiaceae, Polypodiidae)". American journal of botany 93 (2): 217–225. doi:10.3732/ajb.93.2.217. ISSN 0002-9122. PMID 21646182. 
  • Holtum, Joseph A.M.; Klaus Winter (1999-01-01). "Degrees of crassulacean acid metabolism in tropical epiphytic and lithophytic ferns". Functional Plant Biology 26 (8): 749–757. 
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