Play Video
1
How to collect Platycerium spores.
How to collect Platycerium spores.
::2008/11/17::
Play Video
2
How to mount Platycerium sporeling with wood.
How to mount Platycerium sporeling with wood.
::2009/07/07::
Play Video
3
Platycerium bifurcatum or stag horn fern
Platycerium bifurcatum or stag horn fern
::2011/06/26::
Play Video
4
Growing Platycerium ridleyi from spores
Growing Platycerium ridleyi from spores
::2013/05/25::
Play Video
5
Platycerium holttumii何其美鹿角蕨 (2)
Platycerium holttumii何其美鹿角蕨 (2)
::2009/05/23::
Play Video
6
Platycerium ridleyi wide forms @ Nukul Garden
Platycerium ridleyi wide forms @ Nukul Garden
::2013/05/25::
Play Video
7
El jardinero en casa - Platycerium
El jardinero en casa - Platycerium
::2014/01/02::
Play Video
8
How to sow Platycerium fern spores.
How to sow Platycerium fern spores.
::2008/11/16::
Play Video
9
The Fern Factory Board -Mounting Platycerium bifurcatum
The Fern Factory Board -Mounting Platycerium bifurcatum
::2008/05/13::
Play Video
10
Platycerium collector
Platycerium collector
::2013/08/03::
Play Video
11
Australian Giant Staghorn Fern (Platycerium superbum)
Australian Giant Staghorn Fern (Platycerium superbum)
::2013/04/23::
Play Video
12
growing ferns from spore
growing ferns from spore
::2009/08/26::
Play Video
13
lezioni di giardinaggio-lez 26-platycerium biforcatum o corna di cervo.mpg
lezioni di giardinaggio-lez 26-platycerium biforcatum o corna di cervo.mpg
::2010/01/24::
Play Video
14
Platycerium grande壯麗鹿角蕨
Platycerium grande壯麗鹿角蕨
::2009/05/18::
Play Video
15
Pucacaca y el Platycerium andinum
Pucacaca y el Platycerium andinum
::2010/05/08::
Play Video
16
How to grow the elephant ear staghorn fern
How to grow the elephant ear staghorn fern
::2012/03/28::
Play Video
17
Platycerium superbum - Stag Horn Fern HD 01
Platycerium superbum - Stag Horn Fern HD 01
::2014/01/15::
Play Video
18
The Fern Factory Board Mounting Platycerium superbum
The Fern Factory Board Mounting Platycerium superbum
::2008/05/13::
Play Video
19
Platycerium Stemmaria
Platycerium Stemmaria
::2014/03/18::
Play Video
20
Platycerium Elemaria Pup Growth over year
Platycerium Elemaria Pup Growth over year
::2010/08/12::
Play Video
21
Remounting Staghorn Ferns
Remounting Staghorn Ferns
::2009/11/20::
Play Video
22
The Fern Factory Moss Board Mounting-Platycerium superbum
The Fern Factory Moss Board Mounting-Platycerium superbum
::2008/05/13::
Play Video
23
Platycerium andinum安地斯鹿角蕨
Platycerium andinum安地斯鹿角蕨
::2009/05/18::
Play Video
24
Platycerium
Platycerium
::2013/09/29::
Play Video
25
Platycerium 3
Platycerium 3
::2010/11/04::
Play Video
26
Geweihfarn Platycerium in Sekundärwald bei Wau, Papua-Neuguinea, elkhorn ferns
Geweihfarn Platycerium in Sekundärwald bei Wau, Papua-Neuguinea, elkhorn ferns
::2011/09/30::
Play Video
27
Platycerium Geweihfarn Hirschgeweihfarn Epiphyten
Platycerium Geweihfarn Hirschgeweihfarn Epiphyten
::2012/02/07::
Play Video
28
Platycerium
Platycerium
::2011/07/03::
Play Video
29
象耳鹿角蕨Platycerium elephantotis(2)
象耳鹿角蕨Platycerium elephantotis(2)
::2009/05/23::
Play Video
30
Platycerium willinckii爪哇鹿角蕨
Platycerium willinckii爪哇鹿角蕨
::2009/05/18::
Play Video
31
象耳鹿角蕨Platycerium elephantotis
象耳鹿角蕨Platycerium elephantotis
::2009/05/17::
Play Video
32
Platycerium holttumii何其美鹿角蕨(1)
Platycerium holttumii何其美鹿角蕨(1)
::2009/05/18::
Play Video
33
Platycerium 1.mp4
Platycerium 1.mp4
::2010/11/04::
Play Video
34
Formigas no Platycerium
Formigas no Platycerium
::2013/04/01::
Play Video
35
Platycerium 4
Platycerium 4
::2010/11/04::
Play Video
36
platycerium y paisajismo
platycerium y paisajismo
::2013/12/26::
Play Video
37
How to Pronounce Platycerium
How to Pronounce Platycerium
::2013/11/07::
Play Video
38
Platycerium 2
Platycerium 2
::2010/11/04::
Play Video
39
Exotic Plants at Botanic Garden, Dublin
Exotic Plants at Botanic Garden, Dublin
::2012/08/28::
Play Video
40
How to tree mount staghorn ferns
How to tree mount staghorn ferns
::2012/01/03::
Play Video
41
How to mount Platy. redleyi with Moss Bag.
How to mount Platy. redleyi with Moss Bag.
::2008/09/20::
Play Video
42
Staghorn fern and rare Blue Vanda orchid growing in India
Staghorn fern and rare Blue Vanda orchid growing in India
::2012/10/12::
Play Video
43
World
World's Largest Staghorn Fern
::2012/10/19::
Play Video
44
象耳鹿角 萌芳花卉 旅遊景點 地球村 Arts104 古玩古董 玉而富
象耳鹿角 萌芳花卉 旅遊景點 地球村 Arts104 古玩古董 玉而富
::2009/07/15::
Play Video
45
Tropical Farms 8 : How to mount platyceriums on planks
Tropical Farms 8 : How to mount platyceriums on planks
::2013/08/12::
Play Video
46
30" Glittered Drenched Staghorn Fern Branch #FL36
30" Glittered Drenched Staghorn Fern Branch #FL36
::2014/03/05::
Play Video
47
choosing a young staghorn fern
choosing a young staghorn fern
::2012/12/08::
Play Video
48
Gardening in Polk: Staghorn Ferns
Gardening in Polk: Staghorn Ferns
::2009/10/30::
Play Video
49
Elkhorn Final
Elkhorn Final
::2009/03/25::
Play Video
50
For the pros about Staghorn ferns in 3 in pots by Better  GRO
For the pros about Staghorn ferns in 3 in pots by Better GRO
::2013/07/14::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Platycerium is a genus of about 18 fern species in the polypod family, Polypodiaceae. Ferns in this genus are widely known as staghorn or elkhorn ferns due to their uniquely shaped fronds. This genus is epiphytic and is native to tropical and temperate areas of South America, Africa, Southeast Asia, Australia, and New Guinea.[1]

Description[edit]

Platycerium sporophytes (adult plants) have tufted roots growing from a short rhizome that bears two types of fronds, basal and fertile fronds. Basal fronds are sterile, shield or kidney shaped and laminate against the tree and protect the fern's roots from damage and desiccation. In some Platycerium species the top margin of these fronds forms an open crown of lobes and thereby catches falling forest litter and water.

Fertile fronds bear spores on their undersurface, are dichotomous or antler shaped and jut out or hang from the rhizome. The spores are born in sporangia clustered in large sori that are usually positioned on the lobes or at the sinus between frond lobes.

Some species of Platycerium are solitary having only one rhizome. Other species form colonies when their rhizomes branch or when new rhizomes are formed from root tips. If the conditions are right the spores will germinate naturally on surrounding trees. Platycerium gametophytes are a small heart-shaped thallus.

Platycerium have diverged into four natural groups. Several Platycerium are strongly adapted to xeric conditions and the drought tolerating mechanism Crassulacean Acid Metabolism has been reported for P. veitchii.[2]

Platycerium superbum

Cultivation[edit]

The species Platycerium bifurcatum and Platycerium superbum are commonly cultivated as ornamental plants. These oddly shaped ferns grow on trees and rocks and can be found in gardens, especially tropical gardens.

Staghorns can be propagated by spores produced on the underside of the fertile fronds. Colonial Platycerium can also be vegetatively propagated by carefully dividing large healthy ones into smaller, separate plants. These new plants can then be attached to board mounts or be strapped to trees until they take to the tree themselves.

A mature staghorn can grow more than 1 metre (3.3 ft) wide.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hennipman, E. (1982). A monograph of the fern genus Platycerium (Polypodiaceae). Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, Afd. Natuurkunde. Tweede reeks. Amsterdam ; New York: North-Holland. ISBN 0444855696. 
  2. ^ Schneider, Hans-Peter Kreier And Harald (2006-02). "Phylogeny and biogeography of the staghorn fern genus Platycerium (Polypodiaceae, Polypodiidae)". American journal of botany 93 (2): 217–225. doi:10.3732/ajb.93.2.217. ISSN 0002-9122. PMID 21646182. 
  • Holtum, Joseph A.M.; Klaus Winter (1999-01-01). "Degrees of crassulacean acid metabolism in tropical epiphytic and lithophytic ferns". Functional Plant Biology 26 (8): 749–757. 
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License

Mashpedia enables any individual or company to promote their own Youtube-hosted videos or Youtube Channels, offering a simple and effective plan to get them in front of our engaged audience.

Want to learn more? Please contact us at: hello@mashpedia.com

Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014