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Plurality voting
Plurality voting
Published: 2012/05/03
Channel: OCLPhase2
What is PLURALITY VOTING SYSTEM? What does PLURALITY VOTING SYSTEM mean?
What is PLURALITY VOTING SYSTEM? What does PLURALITY VOTING SYSTEM mean?
Published: 2016/08/17
Channel: The Audiopedia
Voting Theory: Plurality Method and Condorcet Criterion
Voting Theory: Plurality Method and Condorcet Criterion
Published: 2013/08/22
Channel: Mathispower4u
Plurality & Majority Definition for Kids
Plurality & Majority Definition for Kids
Published: 2016/03/09
Channel: History Illustrated
TED ED Plurality Voting YT
TED ED Plurality Voting YT
Published: 2012/10/28
Channel: zikae
Plurality Systems vs Proportional Representation
Plurality Systems vs Proportional Representation
Published: 2016/12/13
Channel: Caitlin Abuel
First Past The Post (Voting System)
First Past The Post (Voting System)
Published: 2016/09/19
Channel: Carneades.org
The Problems with First Past the Post Voting Explained
The Problems with First Past the Post Voting Explained
Published: 2011/03/09
Channel: CGP Grey
Why Is Plurality Voting So Bad, and What Can We Do About It?
Why Is Plurality Voting So Bad, and What Can We Do About It?
Published: 2013/12/10
Channel: The Center for Election Science
Plurality with Elimination Voting Method
Plurality with Elimination Voting Method
Published: 2013/11/12
Channel: StruckmannMath
Plurality Voting system (explained)
Plurality Voting system (explained)
Published: 2017/04/14
Channel: PillowPenguin
Plurality voting system
Plurality voting system
Published: 2014/11/14
Channel: Audiopedia
Survey: Plurality Method of Voting
Survey: Plurality Method of Voting
Published: 2014/10/17
Channel: poysermath
Plurality Voting
Plurality Voting
Published: 2014/10/27
Channel: Jordan Webster
Voting Theory: Instant Runoff Voting
Voting Theory: Instant Runoff Voting
Published: 2013/08/22
Channel: Mathispower4u
Plurality Method and Condorcet Winner
Plurality Method and Condorcet Winner
Published: 2012/07/11
Channel: ProfessorMcComb
Plurality voting system
Plurality voting system
Published: 2016/08/22
Channel: WikiWikiup
MTH109 Mod 4: Voting Methods: Plurality with Elimination
MTH109 Mod 4: Voting Methods: Plurality with Elimination
Published: 2013/05/23
Channel: Craig Storlie
Favorite Betrayal in Plurality and Instant Runoff Voting
Favorite Betrayal in Plurality and Instant Runoff Voting
Published: 2013/12/02
Channel: The Center for Election Science
Survey: Plurality-With-Elimination Method of Voting
Survey: Plurality-With-Elimination Method of Voting
Published: 2014/10/17
Channel: poysermath
Plurality (voting)
Plurality (voting)
Published: 2016/01/12
Channel: Audiopedia
Plurality and Plurality with Elimination
Plurality and Plurality with Elimination
Published: 2013/06/23
Channel: Tyler Seacrest
voting methods
voting methods
Published: 2012/12/01
Channel: Christopher Vaughen
Finding a Winner Using the Plurality Method
Finding a Winner Using the Plurality Method
Published: 2013/02/08
Channel: Sherry McLean
Math for Liberal Studies: Plurality and Majority
Math for Liberal Studies: Plurality and Majority
Published: 2011/07/19
Channel: James Hamblin
Ranked Choice Voting ruled a Plurality Voting System
Ranked Choice Voting ruled a Plurality Voting System
Published: 2011/03/19
Channel: RankedChoiceVoter
MTH109 Mod 4: Voting Methods: Plurality
MTH109 Mod 4: Voting Methods: Plurality
Published: 2013/05/23
Channel: Craig Storlie
V. Plahotniuc: The plurality voting system is the only solution for speeding up reforms
V. Plahotniuc: The plurality voting system is the only solution for speeding up reforms
Published: 2012/09/25
Channel: pdmtd2011
Plurality voting system major obstacle to fair elections -- Armenian MP
Plurality voting system major obstacle to fair elections -- Armenian MP
Published: 2012/02/28
Channel: NewsamChannel
Darragh MacAnthony investigates further...Plurality voting vs. instant runoff voting
Darragh MacAnthony investigates further...Plurality voting vs. instant runoff voting
Published: 2010/11/01
Channel: newsFTUK
Plurality Election
Plurality Election
Published: 2016/11/06
Channel: Elizabeth Delgadillo
Condorcet winner and insincere voting with plurality method
Condorcet winner and insincere voting with plurality method
Published: 2012/05/03
Channel: OCLPhase2
Understanding the Difference Between Majority and Plurality
Understanding the Difference Between Majority and Plurality
Published: 2013/02/08
Channel: Sherry McLean
Proportional Representation --  Make Every Vote Count
Proportional Representation -- Make Every Vote Count
Published: 2013/05/28
Channel: Marilyn Reid
Duvergers Law of Plurality Voting The Logic of
Duvergers Law of Plurality Voting The Logic of
Published: 2016/06/28
Channel: Wilford Sanford
Plurality voting system most dangerous part of the corruption circle -- Armenian opposition
Plurality voting system most dangerous part of the corruption circle -- Armenian opposition
Published: 2012/02/28
Channel: NewsamChannel
Plurality and Hare Method
Plurality and Hare Method
Published: 2015/01/27
Channel: Jamie Hedges
AV (RCV, STV) not a majority system, it
AV (RCV, STV) not a majority system, it's a plurality system
Published: 2016/07/07
Channel: Keep Voting Simple
Ex: Determine the Least Number of Votes Needed Using the Plurality Method
Ex: Determine the Least Number of Votes Needed Using the Plurality Method
Published: 2013/10/18
Channel: Mathispower4u
Court Rules Ranked Choice Voting is a Plurality System!
Court Rules Ranked Choice Voting is a Plurality System!
Published: 2011/03/19
Channel: SJVoter
Plurality-At-Large
Plurality-At-Large
Published: 2012/02/16
Channel: Nebiros21
Plurality with Elimination
Plurality with Elimination
Published: 2015/03/26
Channel: Kyle Woodard
John Cleese on Plurality or Majority vote
John Cleese on Plurality or Majority vote
Published: 2013/06/30
Channel: Niko From Sofia
(Political Voting System) Plurality Tutorial
(Political Voting System) Plurality Tutorial
Published: 2012/12/10
Channel: Raju Singh
Varieties of Voting Systems
Varieties of Voting Systems
Published: 2016/09/18
Channel: Carneades.org
Contemporary Math Voting Theory Preference Table Plurality
Contemporary Math Voting Theory Preference Table Plurality
Published: 2017/03/10
Channel: Stanley Taylor
Winner Take All vs Proportional Primaries - SHIT YOU SHOULD KNOW
Winner Take All vs Proportional Primaries - SHIT YOU SHOULD KNOW
Published: 2016/03/16
Channel: bizzie wilson
plurality method
plurality method
Published: 2014/11/13
Channel: davemccune
Election Basics: Crash Course Government and Politics #36
Election Basics: Crash Course Government and Politics #36
Published: 2015/10/23
Channel: CrashCourse
How First Past the Post Voting Works
How First Past the Post Voting Works
Published: 2012/06/21
Channel: realcanadianpolitics
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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A plurality vote (in North America) or relative majority (in the United Kingdom)[1] describes the circumstance when a candidate or proposition polls more votes than any other, but does not receive a majority.[2] For example, if 100 votes were cast, including 45 for Candidate A, 30 for Candidate B and 25 for Candidate C, then Candidate A received a plurality of votes but not a majority. In some votes, the winning candidate or proposition may have only a plurality, depending on the rules of the organization holding the vote.[3]

Versus majority[edit]

In international institutional law, a "simple majority" (also a "majority") vote is more than half of the votes cast (disregarding abstentions) among alternatives; a "qualified majority" (also a "supermajority") is a number of votes above a specified percentage (e.g. two-thirds); a "relative majority" (also a "plurality") is the number of votes obtained that is greater than any other option; and an "absolute majority" is a number of votes "greater than the number of votes that possibly can be obtained at the same time for any other solution",[Notes 1] when voting for multiple alternatives at a time.[4][Notes 2]

Henry Watson Fowler suggests that the American terms "plurality" and "majority" offer single-word alternatives for the corresponding two-word terms in British English, "relative majority" and "absolute majority", and that in British English "majority" is sometimes understood to mean "receiving the most votes" and can therefore be confused with "plurality".[1][Notes 3] William Poundstone observes that systems which allow choosing by a plurality of votes are more vulnerable to the spoiler effect—where two or more similar choices each draw fewer votes than an dissimilar choice that would have lost to any individual similar choice on its own—than systems which require a majority.[5]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ For example, 50 voters elect six office holders from a field of 11 candidates, thereby casting 300 votes. The largest absolute majority in this scenario would be 50 voters casting all their ballots for the same six candidates, which at 300 votes would be substantially higher than the simple majority of 151 votes—a result that no individual candidate can achieve, since the most votes any one can receive is 50. With the smallest absolute majority in this scenario, the six winners would receive 28 votes each, totaling 168, and the runners-up would receive either 27 or 26 votes each.
  2. ^ An "absolute majority" can also mean a "majority of the entire membership", a voting basis that requires that more than half of all the members of a body (including those absent and those present but not voting) to vote in favour of a proposition in order for it to be passed.
  3. ^ "With three-cornered contests as common as they now are, we may have occasion to find a convenient single word for what we used to call an absolute majority... In America the word majority itself has that meaning while a poll greater than that of any other candidate, but less than half the votes cast is called a plurality. It might be useful to borrow this distinction..." —Henry Watson Fowler

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Fowler, Henry Watson (1965). A Dictionary of Modern English Usage (2 ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 725. ISBN 0199535345. 
  2. ^ Editors. "plurality". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 2015-12-29. a number of votes that is more than the number of votes for any other candidate or party but that is not more than half of the total number of votes 
  3. ^ Robert, Henry M. III; Honemann, Daniel H.; Balch, Thomas J. (2011). Robert's Rules of Order Newly Revised (11 ed.). Da Capo Press. p. 816. ISBN 9780306820212. 
  4. ^ Schermers, Henry G.; Blokker, Niels M. (2011). International Institutional Law: Unity Within Diversity (5 ed.). Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. ISBN 9004187987. 
  5. ^ Poundstone, William (2009). Gaming the Vote: Why Elections Aren't Fair (and What We Can Do About It). New York: Macmillan. p. 352. ISBN 9781429957649. 

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