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How to make Flattened rice
How to make Flattened rice
Published: 2013/12/31
Channel: Anupam Prabhakara
how to make  beaten rice traditionla
how to make beaten rice traditionla
Published: 2015/10/08
Channel: sagar kc
Beaten Rice Break fast Snack - Flattened Rice Recipe - Making
Beaten Rice Break fast Snack - Flattened Rice Recipe - Making
Published: 2015/02/19
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How to fry poha (Flattened rice)
How to fry poha (Flattened rice)
Published: 2015/04/15
Channel: Susmita Recipes
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How to make 'Beaten Rice' (Chewra/ Flattened Rice) in a traditional way
Published: 2015/11/13
Channel: Roshan Chhetri
Poha - A flat rice recipe, best for QUICK and LIGHT Meal.
Poha - A flat rice recipe, best for QUICK and LIGHT Meal.
Published: 2016/12/31
Channel: The Jamun Tree
Diet Talk - Best Diet Tips - The Ideal Breakast
Diet Talk - Best Diet Tips - The Ideal Breakast
Published: 2012/01/10
Channel: careworldtv
Poha Upma || Flattened Rice Upma | Indian Breakfast recipe
Poha Upma || Flattened Rice Upma | Indian Breakfast recipe
Published: 2016/12/28
Channel: Priya Vantalu
Poha Recipe-How to make Kanda Poha-Easy Indian Breakfast Recipe-Savory Flattened Rice
Poha Recipe-How to make Kanda Poha-Easy Indian Breakfast Recipe-Savory Flattened Rice
Published: 2016/01/17
Channel: Kabita's Kitchen
Poha (Flattened Rice) Indian Breakfast Recipe by Manjula
Poha (Flattened Rice) Indian Breakfast Recipe by Manjula
Published: 2011/03/21
Channel: Manjula's Kitchen
Poha | Cooked Flattened Rice | Quick Indian Breakfast Recipe by Ruchi Bharani
Poha | Cooked Flattened Rice | Quick Indian Breakfast Recipe by Ruchi Bharani
Published: 2013/02/12
Channel: Rajshri Food
Poha Kachori | Easy Kachori Recipe With Flattened Rice - Snack Recipe | Ruchi
Poha Kachori | Easy Kachori Recipe With Flattened Rice - Snack Recipe | Ruchi's Kitchen
Published: 2016/02/15
Channel: Rajshri Food
Poha Cutlets Recipe | Veg Poha Cutlets | Potato & Flattened Rice Cutlets | Cutlets | Poha Recipe
Poha Cutlets Recipe | Veg Poha Cutlets | Potato & Flattened Rice Cutlets | Cutlets | Poha Recipe
Published: 2017/11/21
Channel: Indian Vegetarian Recipes
Poha Vada || Flattened Rice Fritters || Poha Vada recipe
Poha Vada || Flattened Rice Fritters || Poha Vada recipe
Published: 2017/11/22
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Aval Vadai | Flattened Rice Vada | Poha Vada
Aval Vadai | Flattened Rice Vada | Poha Vada
Published: 2017/02/16
Channel: Subbus Kitchen
How to make Poha / Kanda Poha / Flat Rice Diabetic Recipe
How to make Poha / Kanda Poha / Flat Rice Diabetic Recipe
Published: 2014/10/05
Channel: Versatile Vicky
Namkeen Chivda Recipe-Crispy Poha Chivda-Salty n Crispy Flattened Rice-Quick and Easy evening Snacks
Namkeen Chivda Recipe-Crispy Poha Chivda-Salty n Crispy Flattened Rice-Quick and Easy evening Snacks
Published: 2015/06/30
Channel: Kabita's Kitchen
How to make street style Poha (flattened rice)?
How to make street style Poha (flattened rice)?
Published: 2014/11/11
Channel: RandomPhantom
Poha Upma Recipe | Easy & Quick Poha Recipe | Flattened Rice Recipe | Flattened Rice Upma
Poha Upma Recipe | Easy & Quick Poha Recipe | Flattened Rice Recipe | Flattened Rice Upma
Published: 2016/10/10
Channel: Indian Vegetarian Recipes
Commercial full automatic rice flakes making machine    High quality rice flakes are available
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Published: 2016/03/16
Channel: Hiwant Food Extruder Production Line
खुसखुशीत पोह्यांचे पापड | Pohyanche papad | Flattened Rice Recipe | MadhurasRecipe
खुसखुशीत पोह्यांचे पापड | Pohyanche papad | Flattened Rice Recipe | MadhurasRecipe
Published: 2017/04/25
Channel: MadhurasRecipe Marathi
Poha Recipe | Quick & Easy Poha | Flattened Rice | Breakfast/Snack Recipe | How to Make Poha
Poha Recipe | Quick & Easy Poha | Flattened Rice | Breakfast/Snack Recipe | How to Make Poha
Published: 2017/10/16
Channel: Indian Vegetarian Recipes
poha (flattened rice) / அவல் உப்புமா
poha (flattened rice) / அவல் உப்புமா
Published: 2014/03/12
Channel: leebaskitchen
How to cook Poha | Rice Flakes with Chopped Almonds | Poha Flattened Rice
How to cook Poha | Rice Flakes with Chopped Almonds | Poha Flattened Rice
Published: 2014/06/02
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Poha chivda | Aval Mixture | Flattened Rice Mixture | Diwali Snacks
Poha chivda | Aval Mixture | Flattened Rice Mixture | Diwali Snacks
Published: 2016/10/09
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Brown Rice Poha || Brown Rice Flakes Upma || Flattened Brown Rice Upma || Poha Recipe ||Atukulu Upma
Brown Rice Poha || Brown Rice Flakes Upma || Flattened Brown Rice Upma || Poha Recipe ||Atukulu Upma
Published: 2016/08/05
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Instant Sweet Flattened Rice / Sweet Poha - Using few ingredients anyone can prepare.
Instant Sweet Flattened Rice / Sweet Poha - Using few ingredients anyone can prepare.
Published: 2016/10/11
Channel: Right Click Creations
Masala Beaten Rice, Mangalorean - Recipe 50
Masala Beaten Rice, Mangalorean - Recipe 50
Published: 2015/09/23
Channel: THE ROSHOW - DAIJI KITCHEN
Beaten Rice Upma - Flattened Rice Upma
Beaten Rice Upma - Flattened Rice Upma
Published: 2016/11/09
Channel: sreenath recipes
Making Rice Flakes
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Published: 2012/05/04
Channel: YMicroSriLanka
Flattened Rice Pakora | চিড়ার পাকোড়া | Quick & Easy Poha Pakoda Bangla Recipe.
Flattened Rice Pakora | চিড়ার পাকোড়া | Quick & Easy Poha Pakoda Bangla Recipe.
Published: 2017/10/16
Channel: How To Cook Fast
Poha Upma - By Vahchef @ Vahrehvah.com
Poha Upma - By Vahchef @ Vahrehvah.com
Published: 2009/06/05
Channel: Vahchef - VahRehVah
How to Fry Flattened Rice? | Atukulu | Poha | Beaten Rice | Aval | Avalakki
How to Fry Flattened Rice? | Atukulu | Poha | Beaten Rice | Aval | Avalakki
Published: 2016/11/09
Channel: Street Food Zone
CRUNCHY Roasted flattened rice recipe | Roasted Chiwda Recipe | Fried Poha | Fried Chivda Recipe
CRUNCHY Roasted flattened rice recipe | Roasted Chiwda Recipe | Fried Poha | Fried Chivda Recipe
Published: 2017/03/15
Channel: The Jamun Tree
Breakfast Muffins from Flattened Rice  - Easy Poha Muffins - Lunch Box Idea Recipe
Breakfast Muffins from Flattened Rice - Easy Poha Muffins - Lunch Box Idea Recipe
Published: 2016/08/22
Channel: Manisha Bharani
full paddy poha plant working (aval, chura, rice flakes) for the first time on youtube
full paddy poha plant working (aval, chura, rice flakes) for the first time on youtube
Published: 2015/09/03
Channel: Rohit Sood
Attukula Attu (Flattened Rice Dosa) Recipe With English Subtitles - Aaha Emi Ruchi
Attukula Attu (Flattened Rice Dosa) Recipe With English Subtitles - Aaha Emi Ruchi
Published: 2014/02/21
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How to make flattened rice( poha)
How to make flattened rice( poha)
Published: 2015/01/09
Channel: Gauri Mia
Dadpe Pohe / Masala Pressed Flattened Rice | Maharashtrian Breakfast Recipe
Dadpe Pohe / Masala Pressed Flattened Rice | Maharashtrian Breakfast Recipe
Published: 2015/11/17
Channel: Kalpana's Kitchen
Gul Poha Recipe | How to Make Jaggery Flattened Rice at Home | Online Kitchen | WOW Recipes
Gul Poha Recipe | How to Make Jaggery Flattened Rice at Home | Online Kitchen | WOW Recipes
Published: 2017/11/22
Channel: WOW Recipes
Indian Street Food Kolkata - Dahi Poha / Dahi Chura (Flattened Rice with Curd) - Street Food India
Indian Street Food Kolkata - Dahi Poha / Dahi Chura (Flattened Rice with Curd) - Street Food India
Published: 2017/05/03
Channel: Food at Street
Red Flattened Rice Payasam | Poha Payasam | Dessert
Red Flattened Rice Payasam | Poha Payasam | Dessert
Published: 2017/02/06
Channel: Cookkurry
Instant Idli with RIce Rava/Cream of rice and Poha/ Flattened rice/Avalakki
Instant Idli with RIce Rava/Cream of rice and Poha/ Flattened rice/Avalakki
Published: 2016/11/10
Channel: Food and Remedy
Aval Upma | Poha Upma | Flattened Rice Upma  | Easy  Breakfast | Dinner | 10 min Recipes - 2
Aval Upma | Poha Upma | Flattened Rice Upma | Easy Breakfast | Dinner | 10 min Recipes - 2
Published: 2017/10/21
Channel: aarthi cafe
Beaten Rice Fruits Laddu - Flattened Rice Fruits Laddu - Poha Fruits Laddu
Beaten Rice Fruits Laddu - Flattened Rice Fruits Laddu - Poha Fruits Laddu
Published: 2014/06/27
Channel: sreenath recipes
Quick and easy Poha(flattened rice) breakfast recipe # In Microwave
Quick and easy Poha(flattened rice) breakfast recipe # In Microwave
Published: 2017/09/25
Channel: Tasleem's Lifestyle
Instant Poha Chivda | Poha Bhel | Healthy Indian Breakfast with Flattened Rice
Instant Poha Chivda | Poha Bhel | Healthy Indian Breakfast with Flattened Rice
Published: 2017/05/09
Channel: Culture Recipe
Aval Kesari  | Poha Kesari Recipe | Flattened Rice Kesari | Krishna Jeyanthi
Aval Kesari | Poha Kesari Recipe | Flattened Rice Kesari | Krishna Jeyanthi
Published: 2017/08/10
Channel: Subbus Kitchen
Poha Chivda Recipe (Flattened rice mixture recipe)
Poha Chivda Recipe (Flattened rice mixture recipe)
Published: 2016/11/16
Channel: Priyanka's Kitchen
Aval Ladoo/Poha Ladoo/Flattened Rice Ladoo/Sreekrishna jayanthi
Aval Ladoo/Poha Ladoo/Flattened Rice Ladoo/Sreekrishna jayanthi
Published: 2015/09/01
Channel: Chandru's kitchen
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Flattened rice
Poha.jpg
Uncooked Flattened rice flakes
Alternative names Attukulu(Telugu) , Aval, avalakki, chiura, chuda(Odia), poha, beaten rice
Main ingredients Dehusked rice
Cookbook: Flattened rice  Media: Flattened rice

Flattened rice, commonly known as Chura, (also called beaten rice not to be confused with Poha, a North Indian dish prepared using flat rice) is rice which is flattened into flat, light, dry flakes. These flakes of rice swell when added to liquid, whether hot or cold, as they absorb water, milk or any other liquids. The thicknesses of these flakes vary between almost translucently thin (the more expensive varieties) to nearly four times thicker than a normal rice grain.

This easily digestible form of raw rice is very popular across India, Nepal and Bangladesh, and is normally used to prepare snacks or light and easy fast food in a variety of Indian cuisine styles, some even for long-term consumption of a week or more. It is known by a variety of names: avalakki (ಅವಲಕ್ಕಿ) in Kannada, pauaa/paunva (પૌંઆ) in Gujarati, poya in Rajasthani, chuda in Odia (ଚୁଡା), atukulu in Telugu (అటుకులు), aval in Tamil (அவல்) and avil in Malayalam (അവൽ, അവിൽ), chiura in parts of Bihar and Jharkhand, chira in Bengali (চিঁড়া) and Assamese, chiura (चिउरा) in Maithili, Nepali, Bhojpuri and Chhattisgarhi, poha[1] or pauwa[2] in Hindi, baji in Newari, pohe (पोहे) in Marathi, and phovu (फोवूं) in Konkani.[3]

White aval
Cooked pohe

Poha can be eaten raw by immersing it in plain water or milk, with salt and sugar to taste, or lightly fried in oil with nuts, raisins, cardamoms, and other spices. The lightly fried variety is a standard breakfast in Malwa region (surrounding Ujjain and Indore) of Madhya Pradesh. It can be reconstituted with hot water to make a porridge or paste, depending on the proportion of water added. In villages, particularly in Chhattisgarh, flattened rice is also eaten raw by mixing with jaggery.

In Maharashtra, pohe is cooked with lightly fried mustard seeds, turmeric, green chilli, finely chopped onions, and most importantly with fried peanuts and then moistened pohe is added to the spicy mix and steamed for a few minutes.

Flattened rice can be viewed as a convenience food and is very similar to bread in usage.

Prepared flattened rice dish, locally known as poha or pauva, from India

Dishes made from beaten rice[edit]

  • Avil Nanachathu (അവൽ നനച്ചത്) also called Aval Kuthirthathu (അവൽ കുതിർത്തത്) (Kerala): Beaten rice is mixed with milk, sugar, ground coconut and banana pieces. Peanuts or cashews may be used.
  • Avil Vilayichathu (അവൽ വിളയിച്ചത്) (Kerala): Beaten e fried in ghee and mixed with jaggery, dal, cashews, peanuts and ground coconut.
  • Dahi Chiuraa (Nepali): Beaten rice mixed with ripe banana, yogurt, and sugar. Although an "anytime" snack, it is also traditionally eaten by farmers during the rice plantation season in Nepal.
  • Dhau Baji (Newar): Beaten rice is dry roasted in a pan, then mixed with yogurt and sugar.[4]
  • Chindé'r pulao: A snack prepared by immersing the rice flakes in cold water, drying them, and then preparing pilaf-style with nuts, raisins, black pepper, green chillies, and salt and sugar to taste. This is very popular as a breakfast or evening dish in families, and may not be available in any stores or restaurants.
  • Chindé bheja: Flakes are immersed in a bowl of water and flavoured with lime juice, salt, sugar, and black pepper.
  • Chuda kadali chakata (ଚୁଡା କଦଳୀ ଚକଟା- Odisha): Washed beaten rice is mixed with milk, mashed ripe bananas, grated coconut, sugar or jaggery. A traditional breakfast meal eaten by Odias.
  • Chuda Kadamba(ଚୁଡା କଦମ୍ବ - Odisha): Firstly after heating ghee in a pan, cashew, raisins are also fried with it. Beaten rice or chuda is grinded along with adding cardamom, sugar, grated coconut, ghee, cashew & slight milk. Small balls/ladoo are made from the dough with ghee, after refrigerating it's consumed.
  • Bajeel Ogarne or Avalakki Oggrane (ಅವಲಕ್ಕಿ ಒಗ್ಗರಣೆ - Karnataka): Beaten rice is seasoned with curry leaves, mustard seeds, gram, peanuts, oil, and red chillies. Optional add-ins like grated coconut, onion and coriander leaves are also permissible. Served hot.
  • Gojju avalakki or Huli avalakki (Karnataka)
  • Beaten rice with curds: Beaten rice is soaked in water and then sieved. Curd is added with table salt, and eaten with mango or lemon pickle.
  • Kanda Pohe: Small pieces of boiled potato, onion, mustard seeds, turmeric and red chilli are seasoned and mixed with soaked and sieved beaten rice, and served hot.
  • Dadpe Pohe: Thin or medium-sized beaten rice is mixed with fresh coconut, grated green mangoes, chilli powder, and coriander. Then it is seasoned with salt and a fried mixture of peanut oil, mustard seeds, turmeric, and finely chopped onions.
  • Dahi Chuda: Beaten rice is cleaned with water to make it slightly soft, then yogurt and sugar is added. This way of eating flattened rice is popular in Assam, Bihar and Orissa, and it is eaten as the first meal during festival of Magh Bihu in Assam and Makar Sankranti.
  • Egg Pulau (Nepali): Spicy omelette preparation is whisked with raw and dry flattened rice and cooked in a pan in a similar way to an omelette. The almost-cooked egg pulau is mashed and left to cook, covered, until it turns red in colour.
  • Poha Jalebi: This is the most famous breakfast across the Malwa region of Madhya Pradesh especially in Sagar, Indore, Ujjain, Ratlam, Mandsaur, Bhopal, Hoshangabad.
  • Kharbujache Pohe:[5] Beaten rice with muskmelon.
  • Ful (egg) Chiura (Nepali): Common in Kathmandu households, flattened rice is fried in oil in a deep pan and salt is added. When the flattened rice turns golden/red, an egg is poached on top of it and covered with the rice until it has cooked.
  • Theek (spicy) Phovu with coconut and hing (Konkani) : This is the most delicious konkani recipe made with beaten rice (phovu) by adding a blended mixture of coconut flakes, hing (asafoetida), salt, green chillies and sugar to the softened phovu with 2 teaspoon of coconut oil.

Flattened rice is made by Cambodians during Ak Am Bok (around the fourth week of November) and is eaten with bandanna fruit.

In popular culture[edit]

In the Marathi movie Sanai Choughade, there is a song about Kande Pohe, also called 'Kande Pohe'.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Raghunandana, K. "Avalakki Oggrane'it contains 100 g of iron". Retrieved 2009-02-09. 
  2. ^ "The Vocabulary of Indian Food". Retrieved 2009-02-09. 
  3. ^ Raghunandana, K. "Avalakki Oggrane'". Retrieved 2009-02-09. 
  4. ^ "magazineoftheworld.com". magazineoftheworld.com. Retrieved 2013-12-15. 
  5. ^ "Yes, Muskmelon Pohe". Retrieved 2011-12-18. 
  6. ^ Sanai Choughade

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