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1
Il Politburo dei traditori canta l
Il Politburo dei traditori canta l'Internazionale alla fine dell'ultimo congresso del PCUS nel 1990.
::2010/12/06::
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2
Politburo - New School Shoes
Politburo - New School Shoes
::2012/12/20::
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3
No Unity for China
No Unity for China's Politburo Standing Committee: Analysts
::2012/11/15::
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4
Politburo Jerico - official video -
Politburo Jerico - official video -
::2011/09/16::
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5
POLITBURO  "Glass and Steel" 1985 (Tommy De Chirico)
POLITBURO "Glass and Steel" 1985 (Tommy De Chirico)
::2011/10/07::
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6
Politburo Eroe del Tempo Sanremo 1994
Politburo Eroe del Tempo Sanremo 1994
::2011/09/30::
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7
POLITBURO Tanta Tanta - official video remastered -
POLITBURO Tanta Tanta - official video remastered -
::2011/09/18::
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8
Politburo "Prigioniero" (live)
Politburo "Prigioniero" (live)
::2008/02/18::
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9
POLITBURO "inside"
POLITBURO "inside"
::2011/02/03::
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10
Zanu PF Politburo
Zanu PF Politburo
::2013/08/04::
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11
Politburo - Fragile Anima
Politburo - Fragile Anima
::2012/07/13::
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12
Xi Jinping - Profile of China
Xi Jinping - Profile of China's future Politburo leaders
::2012/10/09::
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13
Members of the Politburo sing a song to congratulate President Mugabe Following his inauguration
Members of the Politburo sing a song to congratulate President Mugabe Following his inauguration
::2013/08/23::
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14
Soviet Politburo 1929 behind the scene
Soviet Politburo 1929 behind the scene
::2013/03/02::
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15
Politburo Standing Committee Members Changed?
Politburo Standing Committee Members Changed?
::2012/10/11::
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16
Cover Story 2014: Behind the headlines (analysis) - CPM Politburo meeting  after election results :Cover Story 10th June 2014 Part 2
Cover Story 2014: Behind the headlines (analysis) - CPM Politburo meeting after election results :Cover Story 10th June 2014 Part 2
::2014/06/11::
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17
CPM politburo member M A Baby
CPM politburo member M A Baby's absence continues in assembly നിലപാടില്‍ ഉറച്ച് എം എ ബേബി
::2014/06/13::
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18
Politburo - Glass And Steel
Politburo - Glass And Steel
::2011/05/11::
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19
Criatura - Split con Politburo (Completo)
Criatura - Split con Politburo (Completo)
::2013/03/12::
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20
TV9 - TDP Politburo meeting tomorrow to finalise RS candidates
TV9 - TDP Politburo meeting tomorrow to finalise RS candidates
::2014/01/26::
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21
CPI(M) Politburo meeting starts today
CPI(M) Politburo meeting starts today
::2014/06/05::
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22
China News - China News Broadcast, November 14, 2012: Party Congress Ends, Politburo Awaits
China News - China News Broadcast, November 14, 2012: Party Congress Ends, Politburo Awaits
::2012/11/15::
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23
Politburo * Inside . 1985
Politburo * Inside . 1985
::2011/01/22::
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24
Experts Analyze 4 Politburo Standing Committee Candidates
Experts Analyze 4 Politburo Standing Committee Candidates
::2012/07/07::
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25
I resigned from RS for Seemandhra people - Harikrishna to TDP Politburo - Tv9
I resigned from RS for Seemandhra people - Harikrishna to TDP Politburo - Tv9
::2014/01/27::
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26
Politburo Jerico Disco per l
Politburo Jerico Disco per l'Estate 1994
::2011/10/01::
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27
L
L'esibizionista-Politburo
::2011/09/27::
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28
UML Politburo member Urmila Aryal, actress Rekha Thapa join UCPN(Maoist)
UML Politburo member Urmila Aryal, actress Rekha Thapa join UCPN(Maoist)
::2013/05/18::
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29
Politburo Esibizionista.mpg
Politburo Esibizionista.mpg
::2011/09/25::
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30
TRS Politburo meets over merger or alliance with Congress - Tv9
TRS Politburo meets over merger or alliance with Congress - Tv9
::2014/03/03::
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31
Inside - Political career of Nellore TDP Politburo member Somireddy Chandra Mohan Reddy
Inside - Political career of Nellore TDP Politburo member Somireddy Chandra Mohan Reddy
::2014/07/03::
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32
CPI(M) Politburo meeting ends today
CPI(M) Politburo meeting ends today
::2014/07/20::
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33
TRS Politburo Meeting Today For Telangana Future Plan
TRS Politburo Meeting Today For Telangana Future Plan
::2013/12/06::
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34
Politburo meets to discuss election results
Politburo meets to discuss election results
::2014/05/18::
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35
Politburo - Cuidado Con El Comisario Político
Politburo - Cuidado Con El Comisario Político
::2013/02/16::
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36
China Unveils New Leadership, Reduces Politburo
China Unveils New Leadership, Reduces Politburo
::2012/11/15::
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37
Politburo "Gerico" segnali di fumo 1994
Politburo "Gerico" segnali di fumo 1994
::2011/08/24::
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38
TRS Politburo Meet Tomorrow on Hyderabad
TRS Politburo Meet Tomorrow on Hyderabad
::2013/09/22::
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39
Lao NEWS on LNTV: Politburo assigns funeral committee for air crash victims.19/5/2014
Lao NEWS on LNTV: Politburo assigns funeral committee for air crash victims.19/5/2014
::2014/05/28::
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40
TDP Politburo discusses MLC polls - TV9
TDP Politburo discusses MLC polls - TV9
::2013/03/09::
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41
TDP leaders speak to media after Politburo meet - Tv9
TDP leaders speak to media after Politburo meet - Tv9
::2014/03/30::
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42
CPM politburo sacks aides, spares VS Achuthanandan:Cover Story 14th  May 2013 Part 1കവര്‍ സ്റ്റോറി
CPM politburo sacks aides, spares VS Achuthanandan:Cover Story 14th May 2013 Part 1കവര്‍ സ്റ്റോറി
::2013/05/15::
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43
TRS Politburo member Raghunandan Assembly Elections -TV5
TRS Politburo member Raghunandan Assembly Elections -TV5
::2013/04/04::
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44
TDP politburo meet - Nandamuri Harikrishna attended meet
TDP politburo meet - Nandamuri Harikrishna attended meet
::2014/03/30::
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45
We discussing 2014 Election Results in Politburo Meeting - Raghavulu | 10tv
We discussing 2014 Election Results in Politburo Meeting - Raghavulu | 10tv
::2014/05/18::
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46
Hari Krishna walked out from Politburo meet
Hari Krishna walked out from Politburo meet
::2014/01/27::
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47
Li Yuanchao - Profile of China
Li Yuanchao - Profile of China's future Politburo leaders
::2012/10/11::
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48
CCP Politburo Member List Still Not Set
CCP Politburo Member List Still Not Set
::2012/11/01::
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49
Yuri Gagarin:Did The First Man In Space Killed by Soviet Politburo?
Yuri Gagarin:Did The First Man In Space Killed by Soviet Politburo?
::2013/06/18::
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50
China passes suspended death sentence for Politburo member
China passes suspended death sentence for Politburo member's wife
::2012/08/20::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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A politburo /ˈpɒlɪtˌbjʊər/ is the executive committee for a number of (usually communist) political parties.[1]

Names[edit]

The term "politburo" in English comes from the Russian Politbyuro (Политбюро), itself a contraction of Politicheskoye Byuro (Политическое бюро, "Political Bureau"). Among the remaining Communist states, the Spanish term Politburó was directly loaned from Russian, whereas Chinese uses a calque (Chinese: 政治局; pinyin: Zhèngzhì Jú), from which the Vietnamese (Bộ Chính trị), and Korean (정치국, 政治局 Jeongchigug) terms derive.

History[edit]

The very first politburo was created in Russia by the Bolshevik Party in 1917 to provide strong and continuous leadership during the Russian Revolution occurring during the same year. However, after the Bolshevik's insurrection in Petrograd, the politburo was dissolved and the Central Committee became the governing body of Russia.[2][3] During the twentieth century, nations that had a politburo included the USSR, East Germany, Afghanistan, Czechoslovakia and China, amongst others. Today, there are five countries that have a communist politburo system (China, North Korea, Laos, Vietnam, and Cuba).[4]

Marxist-Leninist states[edit]

Soviet Politburo passes resolution to execute 346 "enemies of the CPSU and the Soviet Power" who led "counter-revolutionary, right-trotskyite, plotting and spying activities". Signed by secretary: Stalin, 17 January 1940

In Marxist-Leninist states, the party is seen as "the vanguard of the people" and from that legitimizes itself to lead the state. In that way, the party officials in the politburo informally lead the state.

In the Soviet Union for example,[5][6] the General Secretary of the Communist Party did not necessarily hold a state office like president or prime minister to effectively control the system of government. Instead, party members answerable to or controlled by the people held these posts, often as honorific posts as a reward for their long years of service to the people's party. On other occasions, having governed as General Secretary, the party leader might assume a state office in addition. For example, Mikhail Gorbachev initially did not hold the presidency of the Soviet Union, that office being given as an honour to former Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko. Joseph Stalin ruled the Soviet Union for well over a decade before assuming the governmental position of Premier of the Soviet Union during World War II.

Officially, the Party Congress elects a Central Committee which, in turn, elects the politburo and General Secretary in a process termed democratic centralism. Thus, the politburo was theoretically responsible to the Central Committee. Under Stalin this model was reversed, and it was the General Secretary who determined the composition of the Politburo and Central Committee. This tendency decreased to some extent after Stalin's death, though in practice the Politburo remained a self-perpetuating body whose decisions de facto had the force of law.

Trotskyist parties[edit]

In Trotskyist parties, the Politburo is a bureau of the Central Committee tasked with making day-to-day political decisions, which must later be ratified by the Central Committee. It is appointed by the Central Committee from among its members. The post of General Secretary carries far less weight in this model. See, for example, the Lanka Sama Samaja Party.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Received 2012-02-02". Merriam-webster.com. 2012-08-31. Retrieved 2014-06-16. 
  2. ^ "USSR: Communist Party: Politburo". Archontology.org. Retrieved 2014-06-16. 
  3. ^ "Politburo (Soviet political body) - Encyclopedia Britannica". Britannica.com. 2013-04-24. Retrieved 2014-06-16. 
  4. ^ "A List of Current Communist Countries". Geography.about.com. 2014-05-29. Retrieved 2014-06-16. 
  5. ^ "Soviet Politburo Warns Poland on Debt to West". NY Times. August 23, 1981. 
  6. ^ Reynolds, Paul (October 26, 2006). "When the Soviet Union nearly blinked". BBC. 

External links[edit]

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