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5 Gods in Polynesian Mythology
5 Gods in Polynesian Mythology
Published: 2016/11/05
Channel: wasabiroots
Polynesian Mythology - The Father of Gods and Men
Polynesian Mythology - The Father of Gods and Men
Published: 2014/03/02
Channel: Mythology
Polynesian Story - American Samoa (1997)
Polynesian Story - American Samoa (1997)
Published: 2010/09/28
Channel: Kip Evans
Polynesian mythology - Wiki Videos
Polynesian mythology - Wiki Videos
Published: 2015/10/22
Channel: Wiki Videos
Atua: Sacred Gods from Polynesia
Atua: Sacred Gods from Polynesia
Published: 2014/10/09
Channel: Saint Louis Art Museum
The Creation Cycle
The Creation Cycle
Published: 2011/04/22
Channel: polynesianmythology
Disney
Disney's Moana Anger over 'fat' depiction of Polynesian demigod BBC News
Published: 2016/06/30
Channel: NEWS w07d
Polynesian Stories and Legends
Polynesian Stories and Legends
Published: 2010/02/06
Channel: Chap Kronfeld
Tales from the mythologies of Creation, Maui and Aoraki
Tales from the mythologies of Creation, Maui and Aoraki
Published: 2012/07/02
Channel: Virtual Eye
Top 10 Irish Myths and Legends — TopTenzNet
Top 10 Irish Myths and Legends — TopTenzNet
Published: 2016/01/01
Channel: TopTenz
Polynesian Discovery Part I
Polynesian Discovery Part I
Published: 2010/06/24
Channel: Room1225
The Legend of Sina and the Eel
The Legend of Sina and the Eel
Published: 2014/05/09
Channel: TheCoconetTV
The Turtle and the Shark
The Turtle and the Shark
Published: 2010/05/22
Channel: स्टीफन आर्थर महाबीर
Top 5 Horrifying Hawaii Legends
Top 5 Horrifying Hawaii Legends
Published: 2015/07/30
Channel: Gruesome Grim Redux
Mythstory #1 - Maori Mythology
Mythstory #1 - Maori Mythology
Published: 2016/07/29
Channel: Milwaukee Atheists
How Maui slowed the Sun - By Peter Gossage
How Maui slowed the Sun - By Peter Gossage
Published: 2009/05/21
Channel: darkhizzle
Mythology of the South Seas
Mythology of the South Seas
Published: 2016/04/16
Channel: ACMRS Arizona
'Moana' Actress Grew Up With The Polynesian Myth That Inspired The Movie
Published: 2016/11/24
Channel: Peggy Lilly Barnes
Polynesian Girl by  Lola De Sin - NO voice intro
Polynesian Girl by Lola De Sin - NO voice intro
Published: 2014/08/29
Channel: Lola Holgado
The BIg Myth: The Origin Story of the Hawaiian Islands!
The BIg Myth: The Origin Story of the Hawaiian Islands!
Published: 2016/08/13
Channel: MrPsWorldHistory
THE EGYPTIAN CREATION MYTH
THE EGYPTIAN CREATION MYTH
Published: 2011/05/17
Channel: Fiona Passantino
Moana and Pacific Islander Masculinity
Moana and Pacific Islander Masculinity
Published: 2016/12/17
Channel: Aurora Fonseca
Would you love to digitise Māori narratives?
Would you love to digitise Māori narratives?
Published: 2016/05/31
Channel: careersnz
IN FOOTBALL WE TRUST Documentary with Directors Tony Vainuku and Erika Cohn
IN FOOTBALL WE TRUST Documentary with Directors Tony Vainuku and Erika Cohn
Published: 2015/02/27
Channel: TheLipTV2
Tangaroa /  Blue  series- Artworks By Artist Rua Pick 2003
Tangaroa / Blue series- Artworks By Artist Rua Pick 2003
Published: 2011/06/29
Channel: mawhaiwhai
Captain Cook The Man Behind the Legend
Captain Cook The Man Behind the Legend
Published: 2014/05/01
Channel: Kldal
THE HAUMĀNA (Trailer) | Seattle Asian American Film Festival 2014
THE HAUMĀNA (Trailer) | Seattle Asian American Film Festival 2014
Published: 2013/12/16
Channel: SeattleAAFF
Blasian Narratives: The DocuTheatre Premiere
Blasian Narratives: The DocuTheatre Premiere
Published: 2017/01/16
Channel: Blasian Narratives
Keanu Reeves Reading From Paul Gauguin
Keanu Reeves Reading From Paul Gauguin's ‘Noa Noa’
Published: 2015/02/12
Channel: FondationBeyeler
Herman Melville - Famous Authors - Wiki Videos by Kinedio
Herman Melville - Famous Authors - Wiki Videos by Kinedio
Published: 2016/08/28
Channel: Wiki Videos by Kinedio
Interview with Keanu Reeves
Interview with Keanu Reeves
Published: 2015/02/11
Channel: FondationBeyeler
Monorail narrative - Magic Kingdom
Monorail narrative - Magic Kingdom
Published: 2014/08/23
Channel: Disney Dreaming
Good Documentary Films: Hawaii Like You
Good Documentary Films: Hawaii Like You've Never Seen it Before
Published: 2014/08/19
Channel: Documentary Films
The danger of a single story | Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie
The danger of a single story | Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie
Published: 2009/10/07
Channel: TED
GAUGUIN: Maker of Myth
GAUGUIN: Maker of Myth
Published: 2013/12/30
Channel: bibliophilebooks
Plaid & Prejudice: Moana is NOT Lilo
Plaid & Prejudice: Moana is NOT Lilo
Published: 2016/11/23
Channel: The Princess and the Scrivener
Allan Howard - The Pros and Cons of Long-term Fieldwork
Allan Howard - The Pros and Cons of Long-term Fieldwork
Published: 2017/02/15
Channel: CSS UHManoa
The Thin Red Line   Melanesian Choirs
The Thin Red Line Melanesian Choirs
Published: 2010/10/12
Channel: Louis Marinier
Kauai, Hawaii - Most Beautiful Places In The World
Kauai, Hawaii - Most Beautiful Places In The World
Published: 2017/02/18
Channel: Top Things
The Boss Baby - JIMBO BIG BOSS Best Moments I DreamWorks Animation
The Boss Baby - JIMBO BIG BOSS Best Moments I DreamWorks Animation's The Boss Baby 201 | HD Movies
Published: 2017/06/02
Channel: pakemirates
U.S. Coinage History & Eleutheria, Libertas, Columbia, Lady Liberty
U.S. Coinage History & Eleutheria, Libertas, Columbia, Lady Liberty
Published: 2017/02/06
Channel: Junius Maltby
MAZIAH KIRIKOU THE SAVIOUR !! STORY OF THE ANCIENT ONE (BLACKNEWS101) ENGLISH
MAZIAH KIRIKOU THE SAVIOUR !! STORY OF THE ANCIENT ONE (BLACKNEWS101) ENGLISH
Published: 2016/04/17
Channel: HOOD ALERT LATE NIGHT NEWS MEDIA MOORDENAAR80
Nonzero: The Logic of Human Destiny
Nonzero: The Logic of Human Destiny
Published: 2017/01/08
Channel: Coy Ayala
The Vikings! - Crash Course World History 224
The Vikings! - Crash Course World History 224
Published: 2015/02/04
Channel: CrashCourse
Honest Trailers - Moana
Honest Trailers - Moana
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: Screen Junkies
Review and Analysis: Moana
Review and Analysis: Moana
Published: 2017/04/12
Channel: David Stewart
Polywood - Niu Mahu-vement
Polywood - Niu Mahu-vement
Published: 2016/02/11
Channel: Mua Simone
Creation Stories ...
Creation Stories ...
Published: 2011/12/26
Channel: MB7world
The Effects of a Narrative: Humanitarian Aid and Action in the Northern Uganda Conflict
The Effects of a Narrative: Humanitarian Aid and Action in the Northern Uganda Conflict
Published: 2017/02/16
Channel: CSS UHManoa
Jerre Tanner: Duet from Symphony No. 1 "The Naupaka Floret"
Jerre Tanner: Duet from Symphony No. 1 "The Naupaka Floret"
Published: 2013/12/06
Channel: Jerré Tanner
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Tiki Maki Taua Pepe from the meʻae Iʻipona on Hiva Oa

Polynesian narrative (or Polynesian mythology) is the oral traditions of the people of Polynesia, a grouping of Central and South Pacific Ocean island archipelagos in the Polynesian triangle together with the scattered cultures known as the Polynesian outliers. Polynesians speak languages that descend from a language reconstructed as Proto-Polynesian that was probably spoken in the Tonga - Samoa area around 1000 BC.

Description[edit]

A sacred god figure wrapping for the war god 'Oro, made of woven dried coconut fibre (sennit), which would have protected a Polynesian god effigy (to'o), made of wood.

Prior to the 15th century AD, Polynesian peoples fanned out to the east, to the Cook Islands, and from there to other groups such as Tahiti and the Marquesas. Their descendants later discovered the islands from Tahiti to Rapa Nui, and later Hawai‘i and New Zealand. Latest research puts the settlement of New Zealand at about 1300 AD. The various Polynesian languages are all part of the Austronesian language family. Many are close enough in terms of vocabulary and grammar to permit communication between some other language speakers. There are also substantial cultural similarities between the various groups, especially in terms of social organisation, childrearing, as well as horticulture, building and textile technologies; their mythologies in particular demonstrate local reworkings of commonly shared tales.

In some island groups, Tangaroa is of great importance as the god of the sea and of fishing. There is often a story of the marriage between Sky and Earth; the New Zealand version, Rangi and Papa, is a union that gives birth to the world and all things in it. There are stories of islands pulled up from the bottom of the sea by a magic fishhook, or thrown down from heaven. There are stories of voyages, migrations, seductions and battles, as one might expect. Stories about a trickster, Māui, are widely known, as are those about a beautiful goddess/ancestress Hina or Sina.

In addition to these shared themes in the oral tradition, each island group has its own stories of demi-gods and culture heroes, shading gradually into the firmer outlines of remembered history. Often such stories were linked to various geographic or ecological features, which may be described as the petrified remains of the supernatural beings.

From oral to written[edit]

The various Polynesian cultures each have distinct but related oral traditions, that is, legends or myths traditionally considered to recount the history of ancient times (the time of "pō") and the adventures of gods (“atua”) and deified ancestors. The accounts are characterised by extensive use of allegory, metaphor, parable, hyperbole, and personification. Orality has an essential flexibility that writing does not allow. In an oral tradition, there is no fixed version of a given tale. The story may change within certain limits according to the setting, and the needs of the narrator and the audience. Contrary to the Western concept of history, where the knowledge of the past serves to bring a better understanding of the present, the purpose of oral literature is rather to justify and legitimatise the present situation.

An example is provided by genealogies, which exist in multiple and often contradictory versions. The purpose of genealogies in oral societies generally is not to provide a 'true' account, but rather to emphasise the seniority of the ruling chiefly line, and hence its political legitimacy and right to exploit resources of land and the like. If another line should rise to ascendency, it was necessary to bestow upon the new line the most prestigious genealogy, even if this meant borrowing a few ancestors from the preceding dynasty. Each island, each tribe or each clan will have their own version or interpretation of a given narrative cycle.

This process is disrupted when writing becomes the primary means to record and remember the traditions. When missionaries, officials, anthropologists or ethnologists collected and published these accounts, they inevitably changed their nature. By fixing forever on paper what had previously been subject to almost infinite variation, they fixed as the authoritative version an account told by one narrator at a given moment. In New Zealand, the writings of one chief, Wiremu Te Rangikāheke, formed the basis of much of Governor George Grey's Polynesian Mythology, a book which to this day provides the de facto official versions of many of the best-known Māori legends.

Some Polynesians seem to have been aware of the danger and the potential of this new means of expression. As of the mid-19th century, a number of them wrote down their genealogy, the history and the origin of their tribe. These writings, known under the name of "pukapuka whakapapa" (genealogy books, Māori) or in tropical Polynesia as "puta tumu" (origin stories) or "puta tūpuna” (ancestral stories) were jealously guarded by the heads of households. Many disappeared or were destroyed. In the 1890s, Makea Takau, a Rarotongan chief, ordered his tribe to burn all their family books, save his own. As a result, Makea Takau's version became the official history of the chiefly line, removing the possibility of dissent. At his request, extracts were published in the Journal of the Polynesian Society.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Beckwith, Martha, Hawaiian Mythology, Yale University Press, 1940, as re-issued in 1970, University of Hawaii Press
  • Buck, Sir Peter / Te Rangi Hiroa, Samoan Material Culture. Bishop Museum bulletin.
  • Craig, D. Robert, Dictionary of Polynesian Mythology, 1989, Greenwood Press.
  • Kirch, Patrick, 'On the Road of the Winds' 2000, University of California Press.
  • Malo, David, Hawaiian Antiquities, first published in English in 1898, available as Bernice P. Bishop Museum Special Publication 2, Second Edition, 1951

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