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Human Population Through Time
Human Population Through Time
Published: 2016/11/04
Channel: American Museum of Natural History
DON
DON'T PANIC — Hans Rosling showing the facts about population
Published: 2014/12/15
Channel: Gapminder Foundation
Overpopulation – The Human Explosion Explained
Overpopulation – The Human Explosion Explained
Published: 2016/12/22
Channel: Kurzgesagt – In a Nutshell
The Future of Population: 1950-2090
The Future of Population: 1950-2090
Published: 2017/11/15
Channel: Ollie Bye
World Population
World Population
Published: 2015/03/26
Channel: Population Education
7 Billion: How Did We Get So Big So Fast? | SKUNK BEAR
7 Billion: How Did We Get So Big So Fast? | SKUNK BEAR
Published: 2011/10/31
Channel: NPR
Population pyramids: Powerful predictors of the future - Kim Preshoff
Population pyramids: Powerful predictors of the future - Kim Preshoff
Published: 2014/05/05
Channel: TED-Ed
Population, Sustainability, and Malthus: Crash Course World History 215
Population, Sustainability, and Malthus: Crash Course World History 215
Published: 2014/11/08
Channel: CrashCourse
Top 10 Countries With The Highest Populations
Top 10 Countries With The Highest Populations
Published: 2016/05/25
Channel: MostAmazingTop10
Which Countries Have Shrinking Populations?
Which Countries Have Shrinking Populations?
Published: 2016/05/02
Channel: NowThis World
Halo 5
Halo 5's Population Revealed!
Published: 2017/11/15
Channel: Mint Blitz
This animation puts the entire US population into perspective
This animation puts the entire US population into perspective
Published: 2016/05/25
Channel: Business Insider
Human Population Growth - Crash Course Ecology #3
Human Population Growth - Crash Course Ecology #3
Published: 2012/11/19
Channel: CrashCourse
They Are Billions - CLEARED 4th MAP 200% NO FOUNDRY STRATEGY, Brutal Population, 120 Days
They Are Billions - CLEARED 4th MAP 200% NO FOUNDRY STRATEGY, Brutal Population, 120 Days
Published: 2017/11/17
Channel: AznElite123
Top 10 Countries With Highest Female Population
Top 10 Countries With Highest Female Population
Published: 2017/02/14
Channel: World Top Best
Overpopulation: Will we run out of space? BBC News
Overpopulation: Will we run out of space? BBC News
Published: 2015/08/15
Channel: BBC News
They Are Billions - 4th MAP 500% BRUTALITY, BRUTAL POPULATION, 80 DAYS, CRAPPY ENVIRONMENT
They Are Billions - 4th MAP 500% BRUTALITY, BRUTAL POPULATION, 80 DAYS, CRAPPY ENVIRONMENT
Published: 2017/11/15
Channel: AznElite123
90 percent of US Population Reduction Will Happen in the Next 7 Years
90 percent of US Population Reduction Will Happen in the Next 7 Years
Published: 2017/04/28
Channel: The Common Sense Show
Documents Confirm: Mass Vaccination Is Covert Medical Experimentation And Population Reduction
Documents Confirm: Mass Vaccination Is Covert Medical Experimentation And Population Reduction
Published: 2017/11/17
Channel: The Alex Jones Channel
Future World Populations (2050)
Future World Populations (2050)
Published: 2015/06/23
Channel: The Daily Conversation
Hans Rosling: Global population growth, box by box
Hans Rosling: Global population growth, box by box
Published: 2010/07/09
Channel: TED
They Are Billions - CLEARED 1st Map 180%, Brutal Population, 100 Days
They Are Billions - CLEARED 1st Map 180%, Brutal Population, 100 Days
Published: 2017/11/12
Channel: AznElite123
Top 10 Countries With The Smallest Populations
Top 10 Countries With The Smallest Populations
Published: 2016/07/08
Channel: MostAmazingTop10
10 Countries With The Highest Black Population Outside Africa
10 Countries With The Highest Black Population Outside Africa
Published: 2017/09/06
Channel: Hirwa 10
They Are Billions - 3rd MAP BRUTALITY 440%, Brutal Population, 80 Days, Fall of the East
They Are Billions - 3rd MAP BRUTALITY 440%, Brutal Population, 80 Days, Fall of the East
Published: 2017/11/16
Channel: AznElite123
Japan
Japan's population is plunging -- can they fill the void with robots?
Published: 2017/08/01
Channel: CBS News
Population Growth
Population Growth
Published: 2010/04/19
Channel: MiNDTV35
Armés et Sans Défense - Terre Population Zéro
Armés et Sans Défense - Terre Population Zéro
Published: 2017/05/04
Channel: Matière Vivante
Projet de réduction massive de la population mondiale
Projet de réduction massive de la population mondiale
Published: 2014/02/15
Channel: MathieuPicard14
They Are Billions - CLEARED 2nd Map 120%, 100 Days Medium Population.
They Are Billions - CLEARED 2nd Map 120%, 100 Days Medium Population.
Published: 2017/11/12
Channel: AznElite123
This is one way to shrink the population in Japan
This is one way to shrink the population in Japan
Published: 2017/11/17
Channel: Martin Brodel
Why the world population won’t exceed 11 billion | Hans Rosling | TGS.ORG
Why the world population won’t exceed 11 billion | Hans Rosling | TGS.ORG
Published: 2015/12/01
Channel: THINK Global School
Red Hot Chili Peppers - Save The Population
Red Hot Chili Peppers - Save The Population
Published: 2013/12/17
Channel: Guilherme World
Population - Chapter 6 Geography NCERT class 9
Population - Chapter 6 Geography NCERT class 9
Published: 2016/05/07
Channel: Amit Sengupta
Population ecology part 1 population growth and growth rate
Population ecology part 1 population growth and growth rate
Published: 2013/11/13
Channel: Shomu's Biology
'POPULATION ONE' - Full Length Minecraft MOVIE
Published: 2015/01/07
Channel: Cubey
DNA : Significant information about world
DNA : Significant information about world's population on 'International Population Day'
Published: 2016/07/11
Channel: Zee News
7 Billion, National Geographic Magazine | National Geographic
7 Billion, National Geographic Magazine | National Geographic
Published: 2010/12/27
Channel: National Geographic
Future Population 2100
Future Population 2100
Published: 2016/04/29
Channel: Lim C.Y.
The population is impoverished, the banks are getting richer - news
The population is impoverished, the banks are getting richer - news
Published: 2017/11/16
Channel: nino tevdo
Human Population Size
Human Population Size
Published: 2015/10/08
Channel: Bozeman Science
Sénario Catastrophes Et si la population mondial doublait
Sénario Catastrophes Et si la population mondial doublait
Published: 2013/09/08
Channel: jb4197
Population Ecology: The Texas Mosquito Mystery - Crash Course Ecology #2
Population Ecology: The Texas Mosquito Mystery - Crash Course Ecology #2
Published: 2012/11/12
Channel: CrashCourse
La population active depuis le XIXe siècle - Histoire-Géographie - 1ère - Les Bons Profs
La population active depuis le XIXe siècle - Histoire-Géographie - 1ère - Les Bons Profs
Published: 2015/10/07
Channel: Les Bons Profs
GEOGRAPHIE 6. REPARTITION DE LA POPULATION
GEOGRAPHIE 6. REPARTITION DE LA POPULATION
Published: 2016/09/13
Channel: Gulliver Video
Top Countries Where Muslim Population Will Increase The Most By 2050
Top Countries Where Muslim Population Will Increase The Most By 2050
Published: 2017/05/06
Channel: Islamic Knowledge Official
World Population Day 2017  - Facts
World Population Day 2017 - Facts
Published: 2016/07/09
Channel: Occence Media
Population of India. Part-1.
Population of India. Part-1.
Published: 2016/11/07
Channel: Tejbir Rana
Corn Planting Population #1023 (Air Date 11-12-17)
Corn Planting Population #1023 (Air Date 11-12-17)
Published: 2017/11/17
Channel: AgPhD
Populations
Populations
Published: 2011/11/27
Channel: Bozeman Science
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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The distribution of human world population in 1994
Key

In biology, a population is all the organisms of the same group or species, which live in a particular geographical area, and have the capability of interbreeding.[1][2] The area that is used to define a sexual population is defined as the area where inter-breeding is potentially possible between any pair within the area, and where the probability of interbreeding is greater than the probability of cross-breeding with individuals from other areas.[3]

In sociology, population refers to a collection of humans. Demography is a social science which entails the statistical study of human populations.

This article refers mainly to human population.

Population genetics (ecology)[edit]

In population genetics a sexual population is a set of organisms in which any pair of members can breed together. This means that they can regularly exchange gametes to produce normally-fertile offspring, and such a breeding group is also known therefore as a Gamo deme. This also implies that all members belong to the same species.[4] If the Gamo deme is very large (theoretically, approaching infinity), and all gene alleles are uniformly distributed by the gametes within it, the Gamo deme is said to be panmictic. Under this state, allele (gamete) frequencies can be converted to genotype (zygote) frequencies by expanding an appropriate quadratic equation, as shown by Sir Ronald Fisher in his establishment of quantitative genetics.[5]

This seldom occurs in nature: localization of gamete exchange – through dispersal limitations, preferential mating, cataclysm, or other cause – may lead to small actual Gamo demes which exchange gametes reasonably uniformly within themselves but are virtually separated from their neighboring Gamo demes. However, there may be low frequencies of exchange with these neighbors. This may be viewed as the breaking up of a large sexual population (panmictic) into smaller overlapping sexual populations. This failure of panmixia leads to two important changes in overall population structure: (1) the component Gamo demos vary (through gamete sampling) in their allele frequencies when compared with each other and with the theoretical panmictic original (this is known as dispersion, and its details can be estimated using expansion of an appropriate binomial equation); and (2) the level of homozygosity rises in the entire collection of Gamo demes. The overall rise in homozygosity is quantified by the inbreeding coefficient (f or φ). Note that all homozygotes are increased in frequency – both the deleterious and the desirable. The mean phenotype of the Gamo demes collection is lower than that of the panmictic original – which is known as inbreeding depression. It is most important to note, however, that some dispersion lines will be superior to the panmictic original, while some will be about the same, and some will be inferior. The probabilities of each can be estimated from those binomial equations. In plant and animal breeding, procedures have been developed which deliberately utilize the effects of dispersion (such as line breeding, pure-line breeding, backcrossing). It can be shown that dispersion-assisted selection leads to the greatest genetic advance (ΔG=change in the phenotypic mean), and is much more powerful than selection acting without attendant dispersion. This is so for both allogamous (random fertilization)[6] and autogamous (self-fertilization) Gamo demes.[7]

In ecology, the population of a certain species in a certain area can be estimated using the Lincoln Index.

World human population[edit]

As of today's date, the world's population is estimated by the United States Census Bureau to be 7.582 billion.[8] The US Census Bureau estimates the 7 billion number was surpassed on 12 March 2012. According to a separate estimate by the United Nations, Earth’s population exceeded seven billion in October 2011, a milestone that offers unprecedented challenges and opportunities to all of humanity, according to UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund.[9]

According to papers published by the United States Census Bureau, the world population hit 6.5 billion on 24 February 2006. The United Nations Population Fund designated 12 October 1999 as the approximate day on which world population reached 6 billion. This was about 12 years after world population reached 5 billion in 1987, and 6 years after world population reached 5.5 billion in 1993. The population of countries such as Nigeria, is not even known to the nearest million,[10] so there is a considerable margin of error in such estimates.[11]

Researcher Carl Haub calculated that a total of over 100 billion people have probably been born in the last 2000 years.[12]

Predicted growth and decline[edit]

The years taken for every billion people to be added to the world's population, and the years that population was reached (with future estimates).

Population growth increased significantly as the Industrial Revolution gathered pace from 1700 onwards.[13] The last 50 years have seen a yet more rapid increase in the rate of population growth[13] due to medical advances and substantial increases in agricultural productivity, particularly beginning in the 1960s,[14] made by the Green Revolution.[15] In 2007 the United Nations Population Division projected that the world's population will likely surpass 10 billion in 2055.[16]

PRB 2017 Data Sheet Largest Populations

In the future, the world's population is expected to peak,[17] after which it will decline due to economic reasons, health concerns, land exhaustion and environmental hazards. According to one report, it is very likely that the world's population will stop growing before the end of the 21st century. Further, there is some likelihood that population will actually decline before 2100.[18][19] Population has already declined in the last decade or two in Eastern Europe, the Baltics and in the Commonwealth of Independent States.[20]

The population pattern of less-developed regions of the world in recent years has been marked by gradually declining birth rates. These followed an earlier sharp reduction in death rates.[21] This transition from high birth and death rates to low birth and death rates is often referred to as the demographic transition.[21]

Control[edit]

Human population control is the practice of altering the rate of growth of a human population. Historically, human population control has been implemented with the goal of increasing the rate of population growth. In the period from the 1950s to the 1980s, concerns about global population growth and its effects on poverty, environmental degradation, and political stability led to efforts to reduce population growth rates. While population control can involve measures that improve people's lives by giving them greater control of their reproduction, a few programs, most notably the Chinese government's one-child per family policy, have resorted to coercive measures.

In the 1970s, tension grew between population control advocates and women's health activists who advanced women's reproductive rights as part of a human rights-based approach.[22] Growing opposition to the narrow population control focus led to a significant change in population control policies in the early 1980s.[23]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population". Biology Online. Retrieved 5 December 2012. 
  2. ^ "Definition of population (biology)". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 5 December 2012. a community of animals, plants, or humans among whose members interbreeding occurs 
  3. ^ Hartl, Daniel (2007). Principles of Population Genetics. Sinauer Associates. p. 45. ISBN 978-0-87893-308-2. 
  4. ^ Hartl, Daniel (2007). Principles of Population Genetics. Sinauer Associates. p. 95. ISBN 978-0-87893-308-2. 
  5. ^ Fisher, R. A. (1999). The Genetical Theory of Natural Selection. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-850440-3. 
  6. ^ Gordon, Ian L. (2000). "Quantitative genetics of allogamous F2 : an origin of randomly fertilized populations". Heredity. 85: 43–52. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2540.2000.00716.x. PMID 10971690. 
  7. ^ Gordon, Ian L. (2001). "Quantitative genetics of autogamous F2". Hereditas. 134 (3): 255–262. doi:10.1111/j.1601-5223.2001.00255.x. PMID 11833289. 
  8. ^ U.S. Census Bureau – World Pop Clock Projection
  9. ^ to a World of Seven Billion People UNFPA 12 September 2011
  10. ^ "Cities in Nigeria: 2005 Population Estimates – MongaBay.com". Retrieved 1 July 2008. 
  11. ^ "Country Profile: Nigeria". BBC News. 24 December 2009. Retrieved 1 July 2008. 
  12. ^ Haub, C. 1995/2004. "How Many People Have Ever Lived On Earth?" Population Today, http://www.prb.org/Articles/2002/HowManyPeopleHaveEverLivedonEarth.aspx
  13. ^ a b As graphically illustrated by population since 10,000BC and population since 1000AD
  14. ^ "The end of India's green revolution?". BBC News. 29 May 2006. Retrieved 29 November 2009. 
  15. ^ Food First/Institute for Food and Development Policy Archived 14 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  16. ^ "World population will increase by 2.5 billion by 2050; people over 60 to increase by more than 1 billion" (Press release). United Nations Population Division. 13 March 2007. Retrieved 14 March 2007. The world population continues its path towards population ageing and is on track to surpass 9 billion persons by 2050. 
  17. ^ World Population Development Statistics: Forecast, United Nations, 2011.
  18. ^ "The End of World Population Growth". Nature. 412: 543–545. doi:10.1038/35087589. Retrieved 4 November 2008. 
  19. ^ Ojovan, M.I.; Loshchinin, M.B. (2015). "Heuristic Paradoxes of S.P. Kapitza Theoretical Demography" (PDF). European Researcher. 92 (3): 237–248. doi:10.13187/er.2015.92.237. 
  20. ^ Shackman, Gene, Xun Wang and Ya-Lin Liu. 2011. Brief review of world population trends. Available at http://gsociology.icaap.org/report/demsum.html
  21. ^ a b http://users.rcn.com/jkimball.ma.ultranet/BiologyPages/P/Populations.html
  22. ^ Knudsen, Lara (2006). Reproductive Rights in a Global Context. Vanderbilt University Press. p. 2. ISBN 978-0-8265-1528-5. 
  23. ^ Knudsen, Lara (2006). Reproductive Rights in a Global Context. Vanderbilt University Press. pp. 4–5. ISBN 978-0-8265-1528-5. 

External links[edit]

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