Porsche 997 Turbo
|Also called||Porsche 911
|Assembly||Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany|
|Designer||Grant Larson (2001)|
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Sports car (S)|
|Body style||2-Door coupé
|Layout||Rear engine, rear wheel drive / all wheel drive|
Ruf R Kompressor
Ruf Rt 12
3.6L Flat-6 TT
3.8L Flat-6 TT
|Wheelbase||2,350–2,360 mm (92.5–92.9 in)|
|Length||4,425–4,495 mm (174.2–177.0 in)|
|Width||1,808–1,852 mm (71.2–72.9 in)|
|Height||1,270–1,325 mm (50.0–52.2 in)|
997 is the internal designation for the Porsche 911 sports car manufactured and sold by German manufacturer Porsche between 2004 (as Model Year 2005) and 2012. Production of the Carrera and Carrera S coupés began in early 2004, all-wheel drive Carrera 4 and Carrera 4S versions began shipping in November 2005, Turbo and GT3 derivatives went on sale in late 2006 and the 911 GT2 in 2007. In addition to the coupé and cabriolet versions, Targa versions of the Carrera 4 and Carrera 4S were also available, which carry on with the "glass canopy" roof design used on all Targa 911s from the Type 993 Generation 911 until the 991, which replaced it in 2012.
The 997 was an evolution of the preceding 996, with the most significant changes being interior and exterior styling. Larger 18 inch wheels were fitted as standard, and other engineering changes include slightly increased power; however, the car is technically very similar to its predecessor. A new S version was offered, with additional power from a slightly larger engine, sports suspension, and sports exhaust.
During 2009 Porsche updated the 997 line-up including styling changes, a revised engine with direct injection and the introduction of the company's new "PDK" dual clutch transmission. As a result, the updated 997 models were faster, lighter and more fuel efficient than the outgoing versions, with improved handling. In the case of the 997 Turbo, a comprehensively re-tuned all wheel drive system with an optional "torque vectoring" system was also a part of the upgrades package; in an October 2009 preliminary review, Car and Driver magazine estimated that when equipped with the PDK transmission, the updated Turbo should be capable of accelerating from 0-60 mph (97 km/h) in three seconds.
The 997 is the most commercially successful 911 of all time, having sold 100,000 units of the first phase alone between its introduction in 2005 and July 2007. It has also received mostly positive reviews from the worldwide motoring press; even British motoring journalist Jeremy Clarkson, a known detractor of Porsche cars, noted that the 997 will "make love to your fingertips and stir your soul."
By February 1999, just a few months into the 997 development programme that began in the fourth quarter of 1998, designers were already at work on the 997 body design. After numerous reviews during the rest of 1999 and full size clays built from 2000 into 2001, during 2001 a final design by designer Grant Larson was approved. Early prototypes were built in late 2001 for testing, based on the newly set parameters. While the exterior styling was revised, it was again more evolution rather than revolution; typical of Porsche and the Carrera. The rear bodywork was a total of 88 mm (3.5 in) wider than its predecessor. However, the most notable aesthetic difference between the 997 and the 996 was the return to oval headlights like those of pre-996 Carreras, with separate indicator units. The interior was re-designed with new controls; however, it was more reminiscent of classic 911 interiors than of the outgoing 996. The body in general remained low profile with a drag coefficient of 0.28 for the Carrera and 0.29 for the Carrera S.
The base Carrera has essentially the same 3,596 cc (3.596 L; 219.4 cu in) flat-6 (Boxer) engine from Type 996 Carrera. The Carrera S uses a new 3,824 cc (3.824 L; 233.4 cu in) flat-6 engine. The X51 Powerkit is available for S, 4S, Targa models, which increases engine power.
According to testing carried out by several American automotive publications, the Turbo model can accelerate from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) in about 3.4 seconds with an automatic and 3.5 seconds with the manual transmission. The Carrera S model is capable of going 0 to 60 mph (97 km/h) in 4.7 seconds, reaching a top speed of 300 km/h (190 mph), while the base Carrera model has 0 to 60 mph (97 km/h) acceleration in 4.8 seconds, with a top speed of 180 mph (290 km/h). The viscous clutch all wheel drive system (997.1) sends between 5% and 40% of engine torque to the front wheels as needed.
For the first time, development of the cabriolet version of the 997 led the design and engineering effort at Porsche with the coupé following. Porsche applied the logic that if you started with the more difficult cabriolet challenges (for chassis stiffness) the coupé version would simply be more rigid. Despite additional weight, the cabriolet versions attain nearly the same performance figures as their coupé counterparts. Even the rear tail comes up slightly higher on the cabriolets to compensate for differences in drag over the canvas top vs. the smoother coupé shape. Optional for the 997 Cabriolet models is a hardtop that encapsulated the vehicle in place of the canvas top. It is interchangeable with that available on the late 996 cabriolet models. The hardtop provides a winter option to cabriolet owners.
The vehicle included Azurro California-coloured body (from Porsche 356), vehicle identification number (VIN) which ended with the production number and special commemorative badging and door sills, Sport Chrono Package Plus system, and optional Porsche Ceramic Composite Brakes.
The car #1 was transferred to the Porsche Museum in Stuttgart, Germany and one PCA member won the car #50 in a sweepstakes drawing. The remaining 48 units were sold to randomly chosen U.S. and Canadian PCA members. After 2005-08-15, unsold units were made available to the general public.
The vehicle was unveiled in PCA's 50th Annual Porsche Parade in Hershey, Pa.
The vehicle had MSRP of $99,911 US and $145,911 CDN.
The Targa 4 and 4S versions, like the Targa of the 993 and 996 generations, are equipped with a glass roof and hatch. At any speed, the roof can be opened where it drops down 25 mm and slides a metre back underneath the hatch. As the roof weighs an additional 60 kg (132 lb) the suspension has been modified from Carrera models. When the glass roof is retracted, a small glass deflector is raised above the windshield to aid aerodynamic stability.
Unlike previous versions, the 997 Targa was only available as 4 wheel drive. Targa 4 models are slightly slower than the hard top Carrera models because of the heavier roof and all-wheel-drive transmission.
The 997 Targa became available in the fall of 2006 as a 2007 Model. In the first year, Porsche produced 1760 Targas worldwide (with 800 sold in the US market) out of 38,922 911 models produced in total.
Following success of the earlier 996 Carrera C4S, the new Coupé, Cabriolet, and Targa versions were available from launch as Carrera or Carrera S, with the following additional features:
Apparently offered to counter criticism that the previous Carrera 996 was too soft and refined, S versions proved popular and outsold the standard versions.
4 wheel drive versions had wider rear track to accommodate the additional drivetrain components. High performance versions, such as the GT2, used the wider bodyshell regardless of whether they were 2 or 4 wheel drive.
The 997 Turbo debuted in February 2006 at the Geneva Motor Show. It featured a new front bumper with LED turn signal strips in the air intakes; the fog lamps were moved to the corners of the bumpers. Large air vents fore and aft of the rear wheels provide other obvious visual cues of the Turbo model. Also featured was a retractable rear wing, as used on the 996 Turbo.
The engine uses two BorgWarner VTG turbos, a first for Porsche. The Variable Turbine Geometry incorporates guide vanes on the turbine wheel that change their angle of attack with exhaust speed, reducing boost lag at low speeds while opening up to prevent excessive back pressure at high RPMs. With the exception of the 1988 Honda Legend Wing Turbo and 1989 Dodge Shelby CSX sedan, such variable geometry turbines were previously only available on diesel engines.
The optional Sport Chrono package allows the 911 Turbo to overboost for ten seconds (1.0 bar to 1.2 bar), increasing peak torque over a narrow RPM range.
According to official Porsche figures, the 997 Turbo Gen 1 accelerates to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 3.9 seconds with the manual transmission, and 3.7 seconds with the 5-speed Tiptronic S transmission. Benchmark times to 200 km/h (124 mph) are 12.8 and 12.2 seconds, respectively. Maximum speed with either transmission is 310 km/h (193 mph).
As an option, Porsche is also offering its ceramic brake system, PCCB (Porsche Ceramic Composite Brake). The advantages of this high-tech material mean a reduction of 37 lbs compared to the standard brake system, excellent fading stability owing to consistent friction values and absolute corrosion resistance. The brakes now have a diameter of 380 millimeters at the front axle and 350 millimeters at the rear.
Porsche AG announced on May 7, 2007 that the 911 Turbo Cabriolet would go on sale in September 2007. The Porsche 997 Turbo Cabriolet became one of the fastest convertible sports cars in production. It is capable of similar top speeds and acceleration to the standard Porsche 997 turbo coupé, a notable feat due to the typical problems associated with convertible variants of hardtop coupés, such as the poor aerodynamics of a soft top, a lack of torsional rigidity, and the consequential weight increase from structural members.
At its release, the Porsche 997-generation 911 GT2 was the most powerful and fastest road-going 911 ever to have been sold to the public. The Porsche 996 911 GT2 was superseded by the 997-generation GT2, on sale since November 2007.
The 997 GT2 engine was based on the existing 3.6 L (220 cu in) flat-6 engine, but features twin variable geometry turbochargers, which generate 530 PS (390 kW; 523 hp) at 6500 rpm and 680 N⋅m (500 lb⋅ft) at 2200 rpm. Unlike 997 Turbo, the 997 GT2 uses a rear wheel drive layout for reduced weight, and boasts a power increase from a newly designed expansion intake manifold, and shorter turbo intake manifolds. Further, a full titanium silencer was fitted to the 997 GT2. Despite the power hike, Porsche claims fuel consumption at full throttle is improved by 15 percent compared with the 997 Turbo. The GT2 accelerates in 3.6 seconds to 60 mph (97 km/h) and in 7.4 seconds to 100 mph (160 km/h) and has top speed of 329 km/h (204 mph). This makes it the first Porsche 911 GT2 to exceed the 200 mph (320 km/h) top speed after the 1998 Porsche 911 GT1 Race Version (which is not considered an actual Porsche 911 due to its mid-mounted engine and it only saw roads for homologation purposes). The Porsche 997 GT2 has a curb weight of 1,440 kg (3,170 lb). The only transmission choice is a 6-speed manual gearbox.
Its appearance is slightly different from its sister-car, the Porsche 911 (997) Turbo, in a few ways. It does not have fog lights in the front bumper, it has a revised front lip, it has a larger rear wing (with two small air scoops on either side), and it has a different rear bumper (now featuring titanium exhaust pipes).
The 997 GT3 model also debuted in Geneva in 2006. Like previous GT3 models, it is a way for Porsche to homologate aerodynamic features for racing, as well as a starting model for customer racing. The 997 GT3 was priced at US$106,000. The engine has the same displacement as the Turbo, but without turbocharger and uses a new variable intake system. The engine is rated at 415 PS (305 kW; 409 hp) and 405 N⋅m (299 lb⋅ft). It has an 8400 rpm redline which is the same as the 612 bhp (456 kW; 620 PS) Carrera GTs. The 3.6L dry-sump engine does not suffer from the rear main seal problems of the earlier 3.6L/3.8L integrated dry-sump engines.
The GT3 body includes a special front bumper which increases cooling for the front-mounted radiators as well as a split spoiler at the rear. The GT3 also includes a special rear bumper and center tailpipes which draw heat away from the engine. It is lowered and rides on 30-series 305 mm (12 in) tyres on 19 in (483 mm) wheels. The car weighs 3075 lb (1395 kg).
The 997 GT3 is more driver-friendly than its predecessor, with "comfort" seats and the Porsche Communication Management system installed.
The special RS model came without most of these luxuries to focus more on track-orientated driving (although the car is still road-legal). The package also included a full rollcage and carbon fiber seats to add to that race-car-for-the-road feel. The RS version was released in Europe in October 2006; the North American release was in March 2007. A racing version of the GT3 RS debuted in 2007, and it was called the 997 GT3 RSR.
The ratios on the six-speed transmission are closer, allowing the GT3 to reach 60 mph (97 km/h) in 4.1 seconds, while the RS accomplishes the same in exactly 4. It will continue to 100 mph (160 km/h) in 9.2 seconds and has an unlimited top speed of 310 km/h (190 mph).
|Carrera, Carrera 4, Targa 4||3,596 cc (3.6 L; 219.4 cu in) H6||325 PS (239 kW; 321 hp)@6800, 370 N⋅m (273 lbf⋅ft)@4250|
|Carrera S, Carrera 4S, Targa 4S||3,824 cc (3.8 L; 233.4 cu in) H6||360 PS (265 kW; 355 hp)@6600, 400 N⋅m (295 lbf⋅ft)@4600|
|Carrera S, Carrera 4S, Targa 4S with X51 Powerkit; Club coupé||3,824 cc (3.8 L; 233.4 cu in) H6||381 PS (280 kW; 376 hp)@7200, 415 N⋅m (306 lbf⋅ft)@5500|
|GT3, GT3 RS||3,600 cc (3.6 L; 220 cu in) H6||415 PS (305 kW; 409 hp)@7600, 405 N⋅m (299 lbf⋅ft)@5500|
|Turbo||3,600 cc (3.6 L; 220 cu in) H6 twin turbo||480 PS (353 kW; 473 hp)@6000, 620 N⋅m (457 lbf⋅ft)@1950-5000
Overboost: 680 N⋅m (502 lbf⋅ft)@2100-4000
|GT2||3,600 cc (3.6 L; 220 cu in) H6 twin turbo||530 PS (390 kW; 523 hp)@6500, 680 N⋅m (502 lbf⋅ft)@2200-4500|
Models with turbocharged engines include Variable Turbine Geometry (VTG) turbochargers.
Production began late 2008. Pricing was increased from the 997, Gen I; the base Carrera model was set to start at US$76,300 for North American buyers.
Initially available models included coupé and cabriolet versions of Carrera, Carrera 4, Carrera S and Carrera 4S. The car was unveiled at the Paris Auto Show in September 2008.
On June 6, 2008, these changes to the Porsche 911 were revealed on the Porsche website. The Turbo would had to wait until the Frankfurt show in September, thereafter the Turbo-based GT2 would be updated.
|Horsepower, engine||0-60 mph
|911 Carrera||$77,800||345 PS (254 kW; 340 hp) @ 6500 rpm, 3.6 L integrated dry sump||4.7 s||180 mph (290 km/h)|
|911 Carrera S||$90,500||385 PS (283 kW; 380 hp) @ 6500 rpm, 3.8 L integrated dry sump||4.5 s||188 mph (303 km/h)|
|911 Carrera Cabriolet||$87,000||345 PS (254 kW; 340 hp) @ 6500 rpm, 3.6 L integrated dry sump||4.9 s||180 mph (290 km/h)|
|911 Carrera S Cabriolet||$97,700||385 PS (283 kW; 380 hp) @ 6500 rpm, 3.8 L integrated dry sump||4.7 s||188 mph (303 km/h)|
|911 Carrera 4||$82,500||345 PS (254 kW; 340 hp) @ 6500 rpm, 3.6 L integrated dry sump||4.8 s||177 mph (285 km/h)|
|911 Carrera 4S||$93,200||385 PS (283 kW; 380 hp) @ 6500 rpm, 3.8 L integrated dry sump||4.5 s||185 mph (298 km/h)|
|911 Carrera 4 Cabriolet||$93,200||345 PS (254 kW; 340 hp) @ 6500 rpm, 3.6 L integrated dry sump||5.0 s||177 mph (285 km/h)|
|911 Carrera 4S Cabriolet||$103,900||385 PS (283 kW; 380 hp) @ 6500 rpm, 3.8 L integrated dry sump||4.7 s||185 mph (298 km/h)|
|911 Targa 4||$90,400||345 PS (254 kW; 340 hp) @ 6500 rpm, 3.6 L integrated dry sump||5.0 s||177 mph (285 km/h)|
|911 Targa 4S||$101,100||385 PS (283 kW; 380 hp) @ 6500 rpm, 3.8 L integrated dry sump||4.7 s||185 mph (298 km/h)|
|911 Turbo||$132,800||500 PS (368 kW; 493 hp) @ 6000 rpm, 3.8 L dry-sump||3.5 s||194 mph (312 km/h)|
|911 Turbo Cabriolet||$142,800||500 PS (368 kW; 493 hp) @ 6000 rpm, 3.8 L dry-sump||3.6 s||194 mph (312 km/h)|
|911 Turbo S||$160,700||530 PS (390 kW; 523 hp) @ 6250-6750 rpm, 3.8 L dry-sump||3.2 s||196 mph (315 km/h)|
|911 Turbo S Cabriolet||$172,100||530 PS (390 kW; 523 hp) @ 6250-6750 rpm, 3.8 L dry-sump||3.3 s||196 mph (315 km/h)|
|911 GT3||$115,700||435 PS (320 kW; 429 hp) @ 7600 rpm, 3.8 L dry-sump||4.0 s||194 mph (312 km/h)|
|911 GT3 RS||$135,500||450 PS (331 kW; 444 hp) @ 7600 rpm, 3.8 L dry-sump||3.8 s||193 mph (311 km/h)|
|911 GT3 RS 4.0||$180,000||500 PS (368 kW; 493 hp) @ 8500 rpm, 4.0 L dry-sump||3.8 s||193 mph (311 km/h)|
|911 GT2||$200,000||530 PS (390 kW; 523 hp) @ 6500 rpm, 3.6 L dry-sump||3.6 s||204 mph (328 km/h)|
|911 GT2 RS||$245,000||620 PS (456 kW; 612 hp) @ 6500 rpm, 3.6 L dry-sump||3.4 s||205 mph (330 km/h)|
The updated Targa 4 and Targa 4S models were announced on the 28th of July 2008. The new Targa 4S has a top track speed of 185 mph (298 km/h) and accelerates from 0 to 60 mph (97 km/h) in 4.7 seconds, while the Targa 4 has a lower top speed.
The facelifted version of the 997 Turbo was unveiled at the 2009 Frankfurt Motor Show. It received a completely new 6-cylinder, 3.8 litre boxer engine delivering 500 hp (370 kW) with revised Borg-Warner variable turbine geometry (VTG) turbos. The 911 Turbo was now only available with a manual gearbox or the optional 7-speed PDK dual-clutch gearbox, which replaced the Tiptronic. With PDK and the also optional sport-chrono package, which includes the availability of an electronically controlled launch control and an overboost-function for temporarily increasing the turbo-pressure, Porsche claimed the 911 turbo would accelerate from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 3.4 seconds and attain a top-speed of 194 mph (312 km/h). However, several tests done by Auto-Magazines and impartial testers have revealed that the 0–100 km/h acceleration-time is generally as low as 2.9 seconds. The model could now also be ordered with PTV, Porsche Torque Vectoring, which will brake the inner wheel to provide turning-torque through a curve. The look of the facelifted model was left mostly untouched from the original 997 turbo, but there are subtle changes to the rear lights, now being LED-type, among changes to the front lamps. The exhaust pipes are now also "fatter" and the standard 19-inch (480 mm) wheels now have a new design. Thanks to revised dynamics the facelifted 997 can handle 1.3 g forces on a skid-pad according to Porsche. It is believed that the updated 997 Turbo was benchmarked against the Nissan GT-R in response to 3rd party testing between the 997 Turbo and the GT-R.
Models equipped with PDK also include an optional 3-spoke steering wheel with gearshift paddles as an alternative to the standard steering wheel with shift buttons.
Other optional equipment include Porsche Torque Vectoring (PTV).
Production versions went on sale in Germany in November 2009. European models have MSRP of €122,400 for Coupé and €131,800 for the Cabriolet (before tax).
A more powerful version of the Turbo was unveiled at the Geneva Motor Show in March 2010. Available only with a 7-speed PDK transmission, the Turbo S boosts power by 30 hp (22 kW) to a total of 530 hp (395 kW) and torque of 700 Nm. European deliveries were scheduled for May 2010 with production ending in fall 2012. The Turbo S was Porsche fastest production vehicle to date alongside the GT2 RS, 0-60 mph acceleration: 2.6 seconds. Maximum torque of 516 lb-ft in the 911 Turbo S models was available between 2,100 rpm and 4,250 rpm. The 911 Turbo S models, by contrast, are configured to operate with a higher boost pressure level, which means that their maximum torque of 516 lb-ft is available for an unlimited period.
The 2010 Porsche 911 GT3 was unveiled at the 2009 Geneva Motor Show, available in Europe from May, in the US from October. To make the GT3 safe for less experienced drivers, the stability control system is available on the 2010 model year GT3 for the first time. Changes to the exterior are only subtle still recognizable bringing about aerodynamic improvements. Total downforce was doubled and for the first time offered stability control as an option to help less experienced drivers. Power output rises from 415 to 435 PS with the new 3.8L engine.
The GT3 and GT3 RS were developed by Porsche's Motorsport Division in Weissach. Sales began in September 2009 for all regions except China. Options included titanium double exhaust pipes, carbon fibre rear spoiler lip (Gurney flap) and rear lid ram air scoop, carbon fibre front above bumper air outlet and rear-view mirrors, forged aluminium 19-inch (480 mm) GT3 wheels with central locking.
The GT3 RS is a high performance version of the GT3 with a higher engine power output, lower weight and shorter transmission ratios, as well as upgraded body and suspension components, designed for homologating the race version of the 911 GT3. The engine was rated 451 PS (332 kW; 445 hp) with 8500 rpm redline. The "RS" stands for the German "RennSport", meaning "Racing Sport" in English.
The transmission has shorter ratios than found in the 911 GT3 for improved acceleration. Dynamic engine mounts are standard and serve to improve the car's handling to an even higher level. Other features include PASM suspension, a titanium crankshaft, a wider front and rear track and corresponding bodywork.
Optional equipment include lithium-ion battery, which is 10 kg (22 lb) lighter than stock lead-acid battery. The vehicle was unveiled in 2009 Frankfurt Motor Show. US model was set to go on sale in early spring of 2010 with MSRP of US$132,800.
The GT3 Cup is a Porsche Carrera Cup race car based on the 911 GT3 RS. It includes 44 mm (1.7 in) wider rear body, 15 mm (0.59 in) lower front spoiler lip, 1.70 m (67 in) rear wing (from 911 GT3 Cup S race car), LED taillights, racing exhaust system with a fully controlled catalytic converter, a modified special exhaust system offering more dynamic and muscular sound (from Porsche Mobil1 Supercup cars), Porsche Ceramic Composite Brakes. 9.5Jx18 front alloy wheels with 24/64-18 Michelin racing tyres and 12Jx18 alloy wheels with 27/68-18 tyres, additional Unibal joints on the track control arms and front and rear sword-shaped anti-roll bars with seven position settings each, additional vent in the upper part of the front lid, steering wheel mounted Info Display with 6 switches, Carrara White body. The vehicle was unveiled in 2009 Frankfurt Motor Show.
Production model began delivery in 2009-10. European model has base MSRP of €149,850 (before tax).
The Sport Classic is a limited (250 units- all sold in under 48 hours) version of 911 Carrera S coupé, inspired by the 1973 Carrera RS 2.7. The engine is rated at 408 PS (300 kW; 402 hp) via newly developed resonance intake manifold with 6 vacuum-controlled switching flaps. It includes 6-speed manual transmission, double-dome roof, 44 mm (1.7 in) wider rear fenders, SportDesign front apron with a spoiler lip and a fixed 'duck tail' rear wing (similar to the one found on the 1973 Carrera RS 2.7), PCCB Porsche Ceramic Composite Brakes, 20 mm (0.8 in) lower PASM sports suspension, mechanical rear axle differential, 19-inch black fuchs wheels, Porsche Exclusive woven leather seats and door panels, dashboard with Espresso Nature natural leather upholstery, and a specially developed Sport Classic Grey body colour.
The vehicle was unveiled at the 2009 Frankfurt Auto Show.
Sales began in January 2010. European models had base MSRP of €169,300 (before tax).
Top Gear featured the car during Season 15's second episode on July 4, 2010.
On May 4, 2010, an RS variant of the GT2 was announced to German dealers in Leipzig. The GT2 RS develops 620 PS (456 kW; 612 hp) and 700 N·m (516 lb·ft) of torque and weighs 70 kg (150 lb) less than the standard GT2, allowing for a top speed of 330 km/h (205 mph) and 0–100 km/h (0-62 mph) acceleration of 3.5 seconds. It was the fastest and the most powerful 911 built of its generation. According to Porsche Motorsports manager Andreas Preuninger, the RS was conceived around 2007 as a skunk-works effort. The 727 code number selected for the project corresponds to one of the Nissan GT-R's lap times around the Nurburgring's Nordschleife. When the dust settled, Porsche claimed that test driver Timo Kluck had supposedly eclipsed that target by an impressive nine seconds. A total of 131 units were sold in the United States and 10 units in Canada.
For 2011, Porsche launched a new, mid-level 911 coming in above the Carrera and below the GT3. Ranging from $103,100 to $112,900 USD, the Carrera GTS is available as both a coupé and cabriolet, the car gets a wider body and track - the only Carrera with a wide track that is also rear wheel drive. The car also has an upgraded 3.8-litre engine producing 408 metric horsepower (300 kW). An AWD version, the Carrera 4 GTS was revealed in May, 2011. In addition to the AWD system, the Carrera 4 GTS can be identified by a distinct reflective stripe between the tail lights.
In 2011, Porsche introduced a new 911 Speedster in a limited series of only 356, the production number coming from the iconic car of the 1950s. It was the third 911 Speedster made, the other two being from the 930 and 964 generations. The Speedster was powered by the same engine of the Carrera GTS, and produced 408 horsepower (304 kW). It accelerated from 0 to 60 mph (97 km/h) in 4.2 seconds and attained a top speed of around 190 mph (310 km/h). Only two colours were offered, Pure Blue (which was developed specifically for the Speedster) and Carrara White. (Paint To Sample versions were produced in very limited numbers).
The Speedster featured a windscreen 70mm shorter than the standard 997 cabriolet while maintaining the same rake angle.
In April 2011, rumours of a 4.0 litre version of the 997 GT3 RS started appearing in various automotive publications, soon followed by supposed spy shots and rendered images. Eventually, Porsche revealed that they were making the 911 GT3 RS 4.0, the final evolution of the 997 featuring a 4.0 litre engine. The engine itself features the crankshaft from the RSR with increased stroke dimensions (from 76.4 mm to 80.4 mm). This has increased the power to 500 PS (368 kW; 493 hp) at 8250 rpm and 460 N⋅m (339 lbf⋅ft) of torque at 5750 rpm. Chassis development has been influenced by the GT2 RS and uses parts sourced from other RS 911s. Front dive planes give additional downforce up front. The car weighs in at 1370 kg, giving it a power-to-weight ratio of 365 bhp per ton. Only 600 cars were planned.
|Models||Engine||Power (hp, torque)@rpm|
|Carrera, Carrera 4, Targa 4||3,614 cc (3.6 L; 220.5 cu in) H6||345 PS (254 kW; 340 hp)@6500, 390 N⋅m (288 lbf⋅ft)@4400|
|Carrera S, Carrera 4S, Targa 4S||3,800 cc (3.8 L; 231.9 cu in) H6||385 PS (283 kW; 380 hp)@6500, 420 N⋅m (310 lbf⋅ft)@4400|
|GT3||3,797 cc (3.8 L; 231.7 cu in) H6||435 PS (320 kW; 429 hp)@7600, 430 N⋅m (317 lbf⋅ft)@6250|
|GT3 RS, GT3 Cup||3,797 cc (3.8 L; 231.7 cu in) H6||450 PS (331 kW; 444 hp)@7900, 430 N⋅m (317 lbf⋅ft)@6750|
|GT3 RS 4.0||4,000 cc (4.0 L; 240 cu in) H6||500 PS (368 kW; 493 hp)@8250, 460 N⋅m (339 lbf⋅ft)@5750|
|Turbo, Turbo Cabriolet||3,800 cc (3.8 L; 230 cu in) H6 Twin Turbo||500 PS (368 kW; 493 hp)@6000, 651 N⋅m (480 lbf⋅ft)@1950-5000
overboost: 700 N⋅m (516 lbf⋅ft)@2100-4000
|Turbo S, Turbo S Cabriolet||3,800 cc (3.8 L; 230 cu in) H6 Twin Turbo||530 PS (390 kW; 523 hp)@6250-6750,|
|Sport Classic, Speedster, Carrera GTS||3,800 cc (3.8 L; 230 cu in) H6||408 PS (300 kW; 402 hp)@7300,|
|GT2 RS||3,600 cc (3.6 L; 220 cu in) H6 Twin Turbo||620 PS (456 kW; 612 hp)@6500,|
All models include standard 6-speed manual transmission. 7-speed Porsche Doppelkupplung (PDK) transmission is available in all but GT3, GT3 RS, GT3 Cup, GT3 RS 4.0, GT2, GT2 RS, Sport Classic models. PDK transmission includes Sport Plus setting that includes launch control and motorsport derived gearshifting.
|Model||Acceleration (0–60 mph) (s)||Acceleration (0–100 km/h) (s)||Top speed|
|Carrera||4.7||4.4||4.9||4.6||4.5||289 km/h (180 mph)||287 km/h (178 mph)|
|Carrera Cabriolet||4.9||4.7||5.1||4.9||4.7||289 km/h (180 mph)||287 km/h (178 mph)|
|Carrera 4||4.8||4.6||5.0||4.8||4.6||284 km/h (176 mph)||282 km/h (175 mph)|
|Carrera 4 Cabriolet||5.0||4.8||5.2||5.0||4.8||284 km/h (176 mph)||282 km/h (175 mph)|
|Carrera S||4.5||4.3||4.7||4.5||4.3||299 km/h (186 mph)||300 km/h (190 mph)|
|Carrera S Cabriolet||4.7||4.5||4.9||4.7||4.5||302 km/h (188 mph)||300 km/h (190 mph)|
|Carrera 4S||4.5||4.3||4.7||4.5||4.3||297 km/h (185 mph)||295 km/h (183 mph)|
|Carrera 4S Cabriolet||4.7||4.5||4.9||4.7||4.5||297 km/h (185 mph)||295 km/h (183 mph)|
|Carrera GTS||4.4||4.2||4.6||4.4||4.2||306 km/h (190 mph)||304 km/h (189 mph)|
|Carrera 4 GTS||4.4||4.2||4.6||4.4||4.2||—||—|
|Targa 4||5.2||5.0||5.2||5.0||4.8||284 km/h (176 mph)||282 km/h (175 mph)|
|Targa 4S||4.9||4.7||4.9||4.7||4.5||297 km/h (185 mph)||295 km/h (183 mph)|
|GT3||4.0||—||4.1||—||—||312 km/h (194 mph)||—|
|GT3 RS||3.8||—||4.0||—||—||310 km/h (190 mph)||—|
|GT3 RS 4.0||3.8||—||4.0||—||—||310.6 km/h (193.0 mph)||—|
|Turbo||3.4||3.2||3.7||3.6||3.2||312 km/h (194 mph)||312 km/h (194 mph)|
|Turbo Cabriolet||3.5||3.3||3.8||3.7||3.5||312 km/h (194 mph)||312 km/h (194 mph)|
|Turbo S||—||2.6||—||—||2.8||—||315 km/h (196 mph)|
|Turbo S Cabriolet||—||3.2||—||—||3.4||—||315 km/h (196 mph)|
|Sport Classic||—||—||4.6||—||—||302 km/h (188 mph)||—|
|Speedster||—||—||—||4.6||4.4||—||305 km/h (190 mph)|
|Model||Weight (PDK +30 kg (66 lb), Cabriolet +85 kg (187 lb), lithium ion battery −10 kg (−22 lb))||Wheel/tire (front)||Wheel/tire (rear)|
|Carrera||1,490 kg (3,285 lb)||8×18in, 235/40ZR18||10.5×18in, 265/40ZR18|
|Carrera 4||1,545 kg (3,406 lb)||8×19in, 235/35ZR19||11×19in, 295/30ZR19|
|Carrera S||1,425 kg (3,142 lb)||8×19in, 235/35ZR19||11×19in, 295/30ZR19|
|Carrera 4S||1,555 kg (3,428 lb)||8×19in, 235/35ZR19||11×19in, 305/30ZR19|
|Targa 4||1,605 kg (3,538 lb)||8×18in, 235/40ZR18||11×18in, 295/35ZR18|
|Targa 4S||1,615 kg (3,560 lb)||8×19in, 235/35ZR19||11×19in, 305/30ZR19|
|GT3||1,395 kg (3,075 lb)||8.5×19in 235/35ZR19||12×19in 305/30ZR19|
|GT3 RS||1,370 kg (3,020 lb)||9×19in, 245/35ZR19||12×19in, 325/30ZR19|
|GT3 Cup||1,200 kg (2,646 lb)||9.5×18in, 24/64-18||12×18in, 27/68-18|
|Turbo||1,570 kg (3,461 lb)||8.5×19in 235/35ZR19||11×19in, 305/30ZR19|
In June 2009 Porsche Cars North America partnered with five New York City street artists to unveil five graffiti-decorated Porsche 911 hoods in the Helenbeck Gallery. The hoods were sold to raise funds for CITYarts, a New York City-based organization whose mission is to bring children in contact with public artists.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Porsche 997.|
|Roadster & sports cars||Boxster (986)||Boxster (987)||Boxster (981)||718 Boxster (982)|
|Cayman (987)||Cayman (981)||718 Cayman (982)|
|911 series||911 (996)||911 (997)||911 (991)||911 (991.2)|
|Luxury||Panamera (970)||Panamera (971)|
|Supercar||Carrera GT (980)||918 Spyder|
|Cayenne (955)||Cayenne (957)||Cayenne (958)||Cayenne (9Y0)|
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