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A documentary on Urban Poverty in Sri Lanka by
A documentary on Urban Poverty in Sri Lanka by 'RRSF'
Published: 2012/06/27
Channel: Rajitha Rajapakse
Building on Success: Reducing Poverty in Sri Lanka
Building on Success: Reducing Poverty in Sri Lanka
Published: 2016/03/24
Channel: World Bank
Sri Lanka Poverty Problems
Sri Lanka Poverty Problems
Published: 2016/08/18
Channel: Darshan Bhambhani
A Walk in Pettah, Colombo, Sri Lanka
A Walk in Pettah, Colombo, Sri Lanka
Published: 2015/12/05
Channel: Ali Ismail
Measuring Poverty Reduction in Sri Lanka: Multidimensional Poverty Index - Wimal Nanayakkara (IPS)
Measuring Poverty Reduction in Sri Lanka: Multidimensional Poverty Index - Wimal Nanayakkara (IPS)
Published: 2012/06/10
Channel: IPS Sri Lanka
Sri Lankan people, the poorest..
Sri Lankan people, the poorest..
Published: 2008/10/10
Channel: Jan Hendrik
Inside Sri Lanka
Inside Sri Lanka
Published: 2013/12/29
Channel: Les Ashamashné Productions
Homeless children in Sri lanka.
Homeless children in Sri lanka.
Published: 2016/05/01
Channel: supun madushan
Ten Million Girls Have Gone Abroad Because of Poverty!
Ten Million Girls Have Gone Abroad Because of Poverty!
Published: 2017/03/17
Channel: Lankasri News
Nuwara Eliya district at the top of country
Nuwara Eliya district at the top of country's poverty line, says J. Sri Ranga
Published: 2012/09/30
Channel: Newsfirst Sri Lanka
Poverty and Conflict
Poverty and Conflict
Published: 2011/08/10
Channel: SISGI Group - Institute for Social Change
Sri Lanka is a country free from poverty : President
Sri Lanka is a country free from poverty : President
Published: 2016/08/30
Channel: Athavan News
Poverty declines 04 08 2009 ITN News Sri Lanka
Poverty declines 04 08 2009 ITN News Sri Lanka
Published: 2009/08/04
Channel: yahaluwa
The Face of Poverty
The Face of Poverty
Published: 2011/10/20
Channel: Acollett976
Prof. Sirimal Abeyratne  on Poverty and Inequality  in Sri Lanka
Prof. Sirimal Abeyratne on Poverty and Inequality in Sri Lanka
Published: 2017/11/01
Channel: CEPA SL
Tamil areas in Sri Lanka are the pockets of poverty | Akilam 360 | Epi 221
Tamil areas in Sri Lanka are the pockets of poverty | Akilam 360 | Epi 221
Published: 2016/02/20
Channel: MUKIL APP
The Economy of Sri Lanka
The Economy of Sri Lanka
Published: 2015/08/21
Channel: MadeInTurkey
Sri Lanka part 1
Sri Lanka part 1
Published: 2008/07/28
Channel: Attitude
Gifting new home to a poor family in Maradankuly in Sri Lanka
Gifting new home to a poor family in Maradankuly in Sri Lanka
Published: 2015/09/11
Channel: Harold Gunatillake
India vs Sri Lanka 2017
India vs Sri Lanka 2017
Published: 2017/09/05
Channel: Brain Chow
Prof. Ricardo Hausmann Presentation Part 1
Prof. Ricardo Hausmann Presentation Part 1
Published: 2017/01/20
Channel: MODSIT Sri Lanka
State of the Economy in Sri Lanka - Poverty struck Farmers (අසරන ගොවි මහතෙකු ගෙ කතාව)
State of the Economy in Sri Lanka - Poverty struck Farmers (අසරන ගොවි මහතෙකු ගෙ කතාව)
Published: 2014/08/23
Channel: HDphysics
Ravindra Deshapriya on Poverty and Inequality in Sri Lanka
Ravindra Deshapriya on Poverty and Inequality in Sri Lanka
Published: 2017/11/01
Channel: CEPA SL
District official poverty lines of Sri Lanka siFo Sri Lanka
District official poverty lines of Sri Lanka siFo Sri Lanka
Published: 2017/03/01
Channel: siFo Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka, The Netherlands Welcome Village
Sri Lanka, The Netherlands Welcome Village
Published: 2013/11/10
Channel: CatchingFilm
Clean Water the Key to Changing Lives in Rural Sri Lanka
Clean Water the Key to Changing Lives in Rural Sri Lanka
Published: 2016/10/27
Channel: Asian Development Bank
Sri Lanka is the world
Sri Lanka is the world's average country, officially, in 2017.
Published: 2017/08/03
Channel: Global Citizen
The enforced poverty of Carnatic music in Sri Lanka
The enforced poverty of Carnatic music in Sri Lanka's north
Published: 2017/04/09
Channel: GAGANA RADIO
Sri Lanka part 3
Sri Lanka part 3
Published: 2008/07/28
Channel: Attitude
CEPA
CEPA's 46th Open Forum: Measurement of Poverty in Sri Lanka (Part 1)
Published: 2012/05/29
Channel: CEPA SL
Sweeping Away Poverty - Making Brooms in Batticaloa, Sri Lanka
Sweeping Away Poverty - Making Brooms in Batticaloa, Sri Lanka
Published: 2012/07/04
Channel: Ymicroorg
Celebrating 35 years of caring for children in Sri Lanka
Celebrating 35 years of caring for children in Sri Lanka
Published: 2012/06/20
Channel: WVLanka
Sri Lanka Hilfe an Bedürftige 11   2014 help poverty gratitude assistance
Sri Lanka Hilfe an Bedürftige 11 2014 help poverty gratitude assistance
Published: 2015/01/03
Channel: Sri Lanka
SDG 1 : A Call to End Poverty in Sri Lanka
SDG 1 : A Call to End Poverty in Sri Lanka
Published: 2016/10/04
Channel: Bioinquirer IIHS
Karin Fernando on Poverty and Inequality in Sri Lanka
Karin Fernando on Poverty and Inequality in Sri Lanka
Published: 2017/10/31
Channel: CEPA SL
Sri Lanka part 2
Sri Lanka part 2
Published: 2008/07/28
Channel: Attitude
Organic Farming in Vavuniya Sri Lanka - www.growlanka.com
Organic Farming in Vavuniya Sri Lanka - www.growlanka.com
Published: 2015/11/30
Channel: Grow Lanka
Balasingham Skanthakumar on Poverty and Inequality in Sri Lanka
Balasingham Skanthakumar on Poverty and Inequality in Sri Lanka
Published: 2017/11/01
Channel: CEPA SL
Non-Farm Activities and Rural Poverty in Sri Lanka: Review of Literature |2015|
Non-Farm Activities and Rural Poverty in Sri Lanka: Review of Literature |2015|
Published: 2015/08/28
Channel: General Sir John Kotelawala Defence University KDU
Sri Lanka,ශ්‍රී ලංකා,Ceylon,Colombo,poor family grooms son for school
Sri Lanka,ශ්‍රී ලංකා,Ceylon,Colombo,poor family grooms son for school
Published: 2010/12/28
Channel: NickVenture1
CEPA
CEPA's 46th Open Forum: Measurement of Poverty in Sri Lanka (Part 2)
Published: 2012/05/29
Channel: CEPA SL
Beyond 60: Dimensions of Growing Old in Sri Lanka
Beyond 60: Dimensions of Growing Old in Sri Lanka
Published: 2012/10/23
Channel: CEPA SL
POVERTY
POVERTY
Published: 2013/04/22
Channel: Nithi Haran
Development and Conflict in Sri Lanka
Development and Conflict in Sri Lanka
Published: 2014/02/11
Channel: HR yourhumanrights
MaximsNewsNetwork: SRI LANKA: INCOME FOR POOR: WORLD BANK
MaximsNewsNetwork: SRI LANKA: INCOME FOR POOR: WORLD BANK
Published: 2009/09/12
Channel: MaximsNewsNetwork
Muthurajawela Poor People
Muthurajawela Poor People
Published: 2010/07/03
Channel: charminda sampath
Remarkable Changes for Children in Sri Lanka
Remarkable Changes for Children in Sri Lanka
Published: 2013/04/05
Channel: ChildFund International
Sponsorship transforms lives in Lunugamvehera, Sri Lanka | World Vision
Sponsorship transforms lives in Lunugamvehera, Sri Lanka | World Vision
Published: 2015/06/16
Channel: World Vision
People centred renewable and sustainable wind energy in Sri Lanka
People centred renewable and sustainable wind energy in Sri Lanka
Published: 2008/04/21
Channel: Practical Action
Campaign against Poverty and Slavery in India
Campaign against Poverty and Slavery in India
Published: 2011/12/19
Channel: Albert Clack
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Poverty in Sri Lanka continues to be a large problem. Sri Lanka being an exceptional country with its life expectancy, literacy rate and other social indicators nearly on par with those of developed countries, and even topping the rankings for the South Asia region.[1] While all these indicate that Sri Lanka should be experiencing a high standard of living, until recently it has only ranked in the medium category of the Human Development Index (HDI).[1] This is despite the fact that Sri Lanka has been experiencing moderate growth in its GDP averaging 5.5 per annum between 2006 and 2009.[2] One of the reasons is due to its relatively low GDP per capita; currently ranked in the bottom one third of the world.[2] This could be due to the issue of poverty, specifically, rural poverty. The Sri Lankan government has been successful in reducing poverty from 15.2% in 2006 to 8.9% in 2010, urban poverty was reduced from 6.7 to 5.3% while rural poverty was reduced from 15.7 to 9.5%, and the nation has made significant progress towards achieving Millennium Development Goals on eradicating extreme poverty and hunger.[3]

Population[edit]

As of 2010 8.9% of the population lives below the poverty line.[4] This is evidence that while acute poverty is no longer an issue, poverty still remains widespread and continues to be a challenging problem in Sri Lanka. More worryingly however is the fact that 90% of the poor live in rural areas, with over 80% of Sri Lanka’s population still living in rural areas.But in 2013 it has showed that the economy is growing more rapidly than any other Asian country

This highlights a link between isolation from social and economic infrastructure, cities and markets, and higher levels of poverty incidence.[5] One explanation could be that it limits these people from earning income through off-farm activities.[6] In addition, with more than 40 per cent of the rural poor people being small farmers, their production systems may be hampered by the usual suspects of fragmented landholdings, poor economies of scale, low investment levels resulting from poor financial services as well as inappropriate or limited technology.[6]

According to the Asian Development Bank, the population of Sri Lanka was 19.71 million in 2015. In 2014, 6.7% of the country lived below the national poverty line. During the same year, it was also reported that 50.5% of the population aged 15 years and above were employed.[7]

Development[edit]

In 2008, it was reported that tens of thousands of men from impoverished villages were joining the Sri Lanka Armed Forces and Sri Lanka Police Service to escape rural poverty, as the wages offered by the security services significantly raise the standard of living for soldiers and their families.[8]

In order to reduce rural poverty (and thus poverty as a whole), rural development in terms of infrastructure is important. The need for a better road network and transport system to link up the rural areas as well as better credit facilities to aid in the investments of new technology and farming techniques are just a start in ensuring that the rural poor are not left behind.

While it is identified that development in the rural areas is crucial for poverty alleviation, the government cannot possibly channel unlimited funds into development plans without constraints, disregarding potential developments in urban areas, or more importantly, not considering the state of its overall economy. Therefore, the Sri Lankan government faces a dilemma of pursuing growth that is equitable; trying to promote economic growth without leaving the poor in the rural area behind.

Apart from government policies, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs)help ease the situation too. One of them is Sarvodaya. Sarvodaya is Sri Lanka’s largest NGO, which includes many other divisional units dedicated for different development projects. Sarvodaya Economic Empowerment Development Services (SEEDS) began its operation as a separate division in 1986 and now reaches 18 of Sri Lanka’s 25 districts. SEEDS is responsible for building the economic capacity of the poorest groups within the communities. Its aim is to stimulate an attitude of entrepreneurship, innovation, thrift and sustainable development in the rural areas.[9]

Although SEEDS does not directly deal with the lack of physical infrastructure in rural areas, i.e. development plans in building roads, bridges, etc., it has helped people in rural areas to be financially independent and improved livelihood, which in turn helps reduce rural poverty. It hopes that through their aid, villages can become self govern and capable of serving their community’s economics and social needs.,[10]

SEEDS provides saving and credit services for starting a small enterprise or to improve livelihood as well as non-financial services such as business counselling, training in technical skills and market information.[11] It uses the village banking microfinance model to help the rural communities. Village banking treats the whole community as one unit, and establishes semi-formal or formal institutions through which micro-finance is dispensed. The banks are run by their own people: they choose their members, elect their own officers, establish their own by-laws, distribute loans to individuals, and collect payments and savings. Their loans are backed, not by goods or property, but by moral collateral: the promise that the group stands behind each individual loan. Therefore, this is a means of ensuring that each individual will be disciplined in saving up to repay their own loans.[12] 86% of SEEDS beneficiaries actually had functioning micro enterprises. Statistics have shown that 51% of SEEDS beneficiaries showed increased revenues while 73% of them showed increased profits.[12]

There are 1,129,344 members in these village banks, out of which 60% of the members are females.[12] This in itself has empowered women as they are no longer dependent on others for their capital needs. They have more bargaining power within the households and thus need not feel as insecure as before. Secondly, they have a guaranteed and sure access to capital thus removing uncertainty and permitting a confident basis to stay in business and even expand. This is a major empowerment both socially and economically of these women, as this micro-finance model not only raise their level of productivity but also allow women to contribute to family income, leading to an overall reduction in poverty levels in the rural areas. Other than financial services, SEEDS has been able to integrate spiritual revival, social change and economic development. It has helped restore a person’s sense of pride and self-esteem, as well as that of the village community. The earlier feeling of humiliation and of powerlessness vanishes with the collective sense that is generated.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Human Development Report 2013
  2. ^ a b 2011 CIA Worldfact Book
  3. ^ "UNDP Millennium Development Goals Sri Lanka". Archived from the original on 17 February 2015. 
  4. ^ "CIA World Fact book Sri Lanka". 
  5. ^ "Centre for Poverty Analysis". cepa.lk. Archived from the original on 2010-08-08. 
  6. ^ a b "Rural Poverty Portal, Rural poverty in Sri Lanka". ruralpovertyportal.org. 
  7. ^ Asian Development Bank. (n.d.). Poverty in Sri Lanka. Retrieved 21 November 2016 from https://www.adb.org/countries/sri-lanka/poverty
  8. ^ "Sri Lankan youth join military to escape poverty". Daily Times (Pakistan). July 18, 2008. Retrieved August 25, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Sarvodaya Economic Empowerment Development Services". 
  10. ^ Mead, Donald C. Building businesses with small producers: successful business development. Canada: International Development Research Centre. 
  11. ^ a b Vinya Ariyaratne. "The Sarvodaya Shramadana Movement in Sri Lanka" (PDF). 
  12. ^ a b c Anura Atapattu (2009). "State of Microfinance in Sri Lanka" (PDF). 

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