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Pratapgarh (Hindi: प्रतापगढ़), also called Bela, Bela Pratapgarh, Partapgarh or Partabgarh, is a city and nagar panchayat of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Pratapgarh district, part of the Allahabad Division. Pratapgarh is the birthplace of the national poet Harivansh Rai Bachchan.
The district is named after its headquarters town Bela Pratapgarh, commonly known as Pratapgarh. Raja Pratap Singh, a local raja between 1628–1682, located his headquarters at Rampur near the old town of Aror. There he built a garh (fort) and called it Pratapgarh after himself. Subsequently, the area around the fort became known as Pratapgarh. When the district was constituted in 1858, its headquarters was established at Bela, which came to be known as Bela Pratapgarh, the name Bela presumably being derived from the temple of Bela Bhawani on the bank of river Sai. It is popularly known as "Bela Mai" – meaning mother goddess Bela.
Sai and the Ganges are the main rivers flowing through Pratapgarh district. The district lies between the parallels of 25°34′ and 26°11′ north latitude and between the meridians of 81°19′ and 82°27′ east longitude extending for some 110 kilometres (68 mi) from west to east. It is bounded on the north by the district of Sultanpur, on the south by Allahabad, on the east by Jaunpur, on the west by Fatehpur and north-west by Rae Bareli. In the south-west the Ganges forms the boundary of the district for about 50 kilometres (31 mi). Separating it from Fatehpur and Allahabad and in the extreme north-east the Gomti forms the boundary for about 6 kilometres (3.7 mi). According to The Central Statistical Organization, India, the district has an area of 3,730 square kilometres (1,440 sq mi).. The city of Pratapgarh is famous for its amla ( a citrus food) production.
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Pratapgarh one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
According to the 2011 census Pratapgarh district, Uttar Pradesh has a population of 3,173,752, roughly equal to the nation of Mongolia or the US state of Iowa. This gives it a ranking of 109th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 854 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,210/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 16.2%. Pratapgarh has a sex ratio of 994 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 73.1%.
As of 2011 Pratapgarh district's population is 2,331,000.
The Pratapgarh Railway junction handles 42 trains every day.
The daily passenger trains link Pratapgarh with Lucknow, the capital city of Uttar Pradesh, along with Amethi, Gorakhpur, Kanpur, Agra, Jaipur, Jaisalmer, Howrah, Allahabad, Varanasi, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jammutawi, Haridwar, Dehradun, Jhansi, Moradabad, Bareli, Patna, Gaya, Jabalpur, Nagpur, Puri, and Delhi. There is also a tri-weekly train to Bhopal, Pratapgarh–Bhopal Express, which is a super-fast train. Another super-fast train, the bi-weekly Udyognagri Express, connects the city with Mumbai, the metro city and capital of Maharashtra. There is also a Delhi–Varanasi garib rath express at midnight.
|Lord Shani's statue in Shani Dham||View of river Bakulahi from the Shani Dev Temple|
Haudan nath dhaam
¤ B.B.S.Inter College Barna Lalgopalganj Kunda Pratapgarh
∗ ASHA DEVI DUBEY INTER COLLEGE, SURWANMISHRAPUR,SUWANSA,PRATAPGARH. P
Mongolia 3,133,318 July 2011 est.