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Swami Niranjanananda on What is Pratyahara, Awareness & Conciousness ?
Swami Niranjanananda on What is Pratyahara, Awareness & Conciousness ?
Published: 2014/02/05
Channel: Shantanu Saha
#5 Pratyahara - Withdrawal of the senses - Eight limbs of Yoga
#5 Pratyahara - Withdrawal of the senses - Eight limbs of Yoga
Published: 2016/05/02
Channel: Ekhart Yoga
Pratyahara Exercise - Tapping Into the 5 Senses
Pratyahara Exercise - Tapping Into the 5 Senses
Published: 2014/09/18
Channel: Project Yourself
What is Pratyahara?
What is Pratyahara?
Published: 2017/04/01
Channel: Yogiraj SatGurunath Siddhanath
Pratyahara - Isolation of senses
Pratyahara - Isolation of senses
Published: 2013/12/05
Channel: Yogaprasad Institute
SWAMI VIVEKANANDA EXPLAINS PRATYAHARA, DHARANA, DHYANA & SAMADHI - STEPS OF RAJA YOGA
SWAMI VIVEKANANDA EXPLAINS PRATYAHARA, DHARANA, DHYANA & SAMADHI - STEPS OF RAJA YOGA
Published: 2016/09/07
Channel: Swami Vivekananda NKKP
Pratyahara - Das Zurückziehen der Sinne – Raja Yoga Wörterbuch
Pratyahara - Das Zurückziehen der Sinne – Raja Yoga Wörterbuch
Published: 2014/11/01
Channel: Yoga Vortrag - Yoga Vidya
Pratyahara - Withdrawal of the senses
Pratyahara - Withdrawal of the senses
Published: 2016/05/15
Channel: Samasti Yoga
What is Pratyahara? "5 Minutes with Dr. Svoboda"
What is Pratyahara? "5 Minutes with Dr. Svoboda"
Published: 2017/03/28
Channel: Dr. Robert Svoboda
Why should we withdraw the senses pratyahara? (March 2017)
Why should we withdraw the senses pratyahara? (March 2017)
Published: 2017/06/30
Channel: Parmarth Niketan
The 8 Limbs of Yoga - 5.Pratyahara (Yoga Samiti)
The 8 Limbs of Yoga - 5.Pratyahara (Yoga Samiti)
Published: 2016/07/04
Channel: Yoga Samiti
Shala Teaching: Pratyahara Leads to the Highest Path
Shala Teaching: Pratyahara Leads to the Highest Path
Published: 2015/05/31
Channel: Pacific Ashtanga Yoga
Pratyahara- most important step of yoga | ZEN-YOGA book2| ch 1| hindi| Ashishji
Pratyahara- most important step of yoga | ZEN-YOGA book2| ch 1| hindi| Ashishji
Published: 2017/07/14
Channel: Deep Knowledge
Pratyahara - The forgotten limb of Ashtanga Yoga
Pratyahara - The forgotten limb of Ashtanga Yoga
Published: 2013/02/27
Channel: Jijnasu
Pratyahara - Kriya Yoga Practice for June - Internalizing Attention
Pratyahara - Kriya Yoga Practice for June - Internalizing Attention
Published: 2015/06/01
Channel: Ryan Kurczak
PRATYAHARA - Como Deixar de Ser ESCRAVO(A) dos seus 5 Sentidos
PRATYAHARA - Como Deixar de Ser ESCRAVO(A) dos seus 5 Sentidos
Published: 2016/07/24
Channel: Saúde Vibracional
Que es el pratyahara y cuales son sus aplicaciones terapéuticas?
Que es el pratyahara y cuales son sus aplicaciones terapéuticas?
Published: 2016/03/30
Channel: Proyecto Luciernaga
Pratyahara Part1 - Sublimating the Addictions
Pratyahara Part1 - Sublimating the Addictions
Published: 2014/05/10
Channel: Jijnasu
Sangya Prakaran lesson 6 (प्रत्याहार -संज्ञा सरल  विधि से ) Aadirantyen Saheta Sutra (Pratyahaar)
Sangya Prakaran lesson 6 (प्रत्याहार -संज्ञा सरल विधि से ) Aadirantyen Saheta Sutra (Pratyahaar)
Published: 2017/05/24
Channel: Dr. Vinay Sharma
Yin Yoga Paul Grilley describes Pratyahara in this sneak peek of the NEW Pranamaya Online Course
Yin Yoga Paul Grilley describes Pratyahara in this sneak peek of the NEW Pranamaya Online Course
Published: 2016/02/02
Channel: Pranamaya Yoga Media
Swami Swaroopananda Q&A: How to Cultivate Pratyahara?
Swami Swaroopananda Q&A: How to Cultivate Pratyahara?
Published: 2017/04/11
Channel: Sivananda Ashram Yoga Retreat Bahamas
Pratyahara- an important stage in the path towards meditation and absorption
Pratyahara- an important stage in the path towards meditation and absorption
Published: 2015/04/21
Channel: MANASA YOGA
क्या है प्रत्याहार ? संस्कृत भाषा को महर्षि पाणिनी का वरदान
क्या है प्रत्याहार ? संस्कृत भाषा को महर्षि पाणिनी का वरदान
Published: 2017/08/31
Channel: Brijendra Gyan Express
Sense Withdrawal Guided Pratyahara
Sense Withdrawal Guided Pratyahara
Published: 2016/06/08
Channel: Ariel Christopher
Satyadharma - Pratyahara Part 2.mp4
Satyadharma - Pratyahara Part 2.mp4
Published: 2011/06/26
Channel: Mangrove Yoga
Pratyahara - Withdrawing From the Senses
Pratyahara - Withdrawing From the Senses
Published: 2017/06/23
Channel: OMTimes Media
Yoga for Creativity: Pratyahara for Inspiration
Yoga for Creativity: Pratyahara for Inspiration
Published: 2015/04/30
Channel: Yoga for Creativity
YOGA 6: PRATYAHARA प्रत्याहार (Hindi)
YOGA 6: PRATYAHARA प्रत्याहार (Hindi)
Published: 2015/09/08
Channel: Light in Life By Pratap Shree
Ashtanga Yoga : Pratyahara
Ashtanga Yoga : Pratyahara
Published: 2009/12/16
Channel: Peter Marchand
Pratyahara Dharana and Dhyana
Pratyahara Dharana and Dhyana
Published: 2009/05/27
Channel: Yoga in Daily Life
Yoga-Sutras de Patañjali: Pratyahara (abstração)
Yoga-Sutras de Patañjali: Pratyahara (abstração)
Published: 2016/07/16
Channel: Cristianeszy
''Introducción al Pratyahara'' Máximo Blázquez
Published: 2017/03/06
Channel: concienciaenexpansion
Pratyahara for Trauma and Addiction Recovery and Inner Bliss - Sound in Therapy and Yoga Practice
Pratyahara for Trauma and Addiction Recovery and Inner Bliss - Sound in Therapy and Yoga Practice
Published: 2012/03/27
Channel: Jean-Pierre Parent
Pratyahara - Duyu kontrolü hakkında...
Pratyahara - Duyu kontrolü hakkında...
Published: 2017/05/02
Channel: M. Elif İşcan
45 Minute Yoga Class - 8 Limbs of Yoga Part 5: Pratyahara
45 Minute Yoga Class - 8 Limbs of Yoga Part 5: Pratyahara
Published: 2017/06/08
Channel: Floating Yoga School
Pratyahara and types of Swaras (SAN)
Pratyahara and types of Swaras (SAN)
Published: 2016/01/16
Channel: Vidya-mitra
Satyadharma - Pratyahara Part 1.mp4
Satyadharma - Pratyahara Part 1.mp4
Published: 2011/06/26
Channel: Mangrove Yoga
Pratyahara yoga   Leonor Bastarrica  Espacio Aum
Pratyahara yoga Leonor Bastarrica Espacio Aum
Published: 2015/09/15
Channel: Todovida
Yoga – Pratyahara in Yoga und Ayurveda – Dr Rhyner auf dem Ayurvedakongress 2014
Yoga – Pratyahara in Yoga und Ayurveda – Dr Rhyner auf dem Ayurvedakongress 2014
Published: 2015/11/07
Channel: Yoga, Ayurveda und Satsang - Yoga Vidya
PRATYAHARA // Sense Withdrawal :: the 5th Limb on The Ashtanga Yoga Path
PRATYAHARA // Sense Withdrawal :: the 5th Limb on The Ashtanga Yoga Path
Published: 2014/12/19
Channel: Anita Goa
Swami Satyadharma on Pratyahara, За пратияхара и медитация
Swami Satyadharma on Pratyahara, За пратияхара и медитация
Published: 2011/07/07
Channel: Yoga Studio 108
KISS MY ASANA Pratyahara 5 in 2015
KISS MY ASANA Pratyahara 5 in 2015
Published: 2015/04/26
Channel: A Joyful Practice
Swamy Brammanada S yoga pratyahara God realization procedure Telugu
Swamy Brammanada S yoga pratyahara God realization procedure Telugu
Published: 2014/05/14
Channel: Laxminarayana Kazipeta
Pratyahara, Dharana, Dhyana and Samadhi
Pratyahara, Dharana, Dhyana and Samadhi
Published: 2011/06/03
Channel: Vasudeva Kriya Yoga With Rajendra
[Corrente 93 Class No. 14 ] Patañjala Yoga #4: Pratyahara-Prática
[Corrente 93 Class No. 14 ] Patañjala Yoga #4: Pratyahara-Prática
Published: 2016/06/05
Channel: Fernando Liguori
Pratyahara Part 1a
Pratyahara Part 1a
Published: 2011/06/23
Channel: Richard Valdez
Pratyahara Nedir?
Pratyahara Nedir?
Published: 2015/07/28
Channel: Yoga Academy TV
Pratyahara
Pratyahara
Published: 2008/03/16
Channel: mmacriche
Asana, Pranayam, Pratyahara (Yoga sutra  Ch. 2.#  46,47,49,54).6-5-15
Asana, Pranayam, Pratyahara (Yoga sutra Ch. 2.# 46,47,49,54).6-5-15
Published: 2015/06/05
Channel: Yogi Shanti Desai
Pratyahara, Dharana, Dhyana.
Pratyahara, Dharana, Dhyana.
Published: 2013/01/24
Channel: kake Peixoto
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Pratyahara (Devanāgarī प्रत्याहार, Tibetan སོ་སོར་སྡུད་པ་, Wylie so sor sdud pa) or the 'withdrawal of the senses' is the fifth element among the Eight stages of Patanjali's Ashtanga Yoga,[1] as mentioned in his classical work, Yoga Sutras of Patanjali composed in the 2nd century BCE.[2] It is also the first stage of the six-branch yoga (ṣaḍaṅgayoga) of the Buddhist Kālacakra tantra, where it refers to the withdrawal of the five senses from external objects to be replaced by the mentally created senses of an enlightened deity. This phase is roughly analogous to the physical isolation (kāyaviveka, Tib. lus bden) phase of Guhyasamāja tantra.[3]

For Patanjali, it is a bridge between the bahiranga (external) aspects of yoga namely, yama, niyama, asana, pranayama, and the antaranga (internal) yoga.[4] Having actualized the pratyahara stage, a practitioner is able to effectively engage into the practice of Samyama. At the stage of pratyahara, the consciousness of the individual is internalized in order that the sensations from the senses of taste, touch, sight, hearing and smell don't reach their respective centers in the brain and takes the sadhaka (practitioner) to next stages of Yoga, namely Dharana (concentration) and Dhyana (meditation), and Samadhi (mystical absorption), being the aim of all Yogic practices.[5]

Etymology[edit]

Pratyahara is derived from two Sanskrit words: prati and ahara, with ahara meaning food, or anything taken into ourselves, and prati, a preposition meaning away or against. Together they mean "weaning away from ahara", or simply ingestion.[6][7]

Prati in Sanskrit can also mean "copy". So in effect Pratyahara means that your 5 external senses can be copied and replaced by 5 internal representations/copies of those same senses.

Types of Pratyahara[edit]

Monks meditating under the Anandabodhi tree in Jetavana Monastery, Sravasti

Withdrawal of Senses or Indriya Pratyahara[edit]

This involves withdrawal of senses, or sensory inputs into our physical being, coming from our five senses, namely organs creating a sensory overload, and hence hinders collection of the mind, as in Dharana, the next stage of Yoga [8][9]

Withdrawal of Prana or Prana Pratyahara[edit]

Control of our senses requires mastery over the flow of prana, as that is what drives the senses. To stop the scattering of valuable vital energy of the body or prana, we need to seek control over its flow, and harmonize it. This is done through various practices including bringing the entire focus to a single point in the body.[8]

These two lead to the subsequent two types of pratyahara, the Control of Action or 'Karma pratyahara', which entails not just control of motor organs, but also right action or work, and Karma Yoga, surrender of every action to the divine and performing it as an act of service. This leads to the final form of pratyahara - the Withdrawal of Mind or 'Mano pratyahara', which is practiced by consciously withdrawing attention from anything that is unwholesome, and distracting for the mind such as by withdrawing attention from the senses, and directing it inwards [10]

Practices in Pratyahara[edit]

One of the most common practices for Pratyahara is Pranayama, wherein we automatically withdraw from the external and bring our focus inwards towards our breath, as connection with the external senses and stimuli are all severed gradually.[11]

Apart from Pranayama, another method that is used to aid in the development of Pratyahara is to concentrate on the point between the eyebrows. This location is known as Ajna Chakra or the third eye.

Another common technique for inducing Pratyahara is to first reduce physical stimuli, then concentrate on one sense, such as hearing. The mind has a natural tendency to roam between the sensory inputs. In this situation, as there are no longer any other significant sensory inputs, when the mind gets tired of hearing, it is forced to turn inward.

At the advanced levels, the currents which pulsate through the nerves and even the involuntary muscles are turned off by the practitioner. This may also be accomplished through Pranayama or breath-control.

Further reading[edit]

  • Khedrup Norsang Gyatso. Ornament of Stainless Light. Translated by Gavin Kilty. The Library of Tibetan Classics 14. Boston: Wisdom Publications, 2004. ISBN 0-86171-452-0.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pratyahara Britannica.com.
  2. ^ Yoga Sutras 2.54-2.55: - Pratyahara or Sense Withdrawal Yoga Sutras, 2.54-2.55.
  3. ^ "Pratyahara: Withdrawing the senses and feeling feelings". http://spiritualityhealth.com. 19 March 2012.  External link in |journal= (help)
  4. ^ "Pratyahara". http://sivanandaonline.org.  External link in |journal= (help)
  5. ^ Moving Inward: The Journey from Asana to Pratyahara Himalayan Institute of Yoga Science and Philosophy.
  6. ^ Pratyahara:The Forgotten Limb of Yoga David Frawley.
  7. ^ "What is Pratyahara?". http://breathelosgatos.com.  External link in |journal= (help)
  8. ^ a b Yoga and Ayurveda, by David Frawley, Motilal Banarsidass Publishers, Delhi, 2004. ISBN 81-208-1879-2. Chapter 16: Pratyahara: the Forgotten Limb of Yoga, page 261.
  9. ^ "Pratyahara: the forgotten Limb of Yoga". http://www.abuddhistlibrary.com.  External link in |journal= (help)
  10. ^ Yoga Sutras Book II.54.
  11. ^ "Pratyahara". Yoga.iloveindia.com. Retrieved 2011-12-08. 

External links[edit]

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