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VP Biden swears in Sen Patrick Leahy (D-VT) as President Pro Tempore of the Senate
VP Biden swears in Sen Patrick Leahy (D-VT) as President Pro Tempore of the Senate
Published: 2012/12/18
Channel: C-SPAN
Senate Pays Tribute to Vice President Biden
Senate Pays Tribute to Vice President Biden
Published: 2016/12/07
Channel: Associated Press
Vice President Mike Pence Breaks Betsy DeVos Senate Tie | Andrea Mitchell | MSNBC
Vice President Mike Pence Breaks Betsy DeVos Senate Tie | Andrea Mitchell | MSNBC
Published: 2017/02/07
Channel: MSNBC
Stephen Parry Elected President of the Senate (Jul 7, 2014)
Stephen Parry Elected President of the Senate (Jul 7, 2014)
Published: 2014/07/07
Channel: Malcolm Farnsworth
Statement by the President of the Senate – Question Time | 19-Aug-2015
Statement by the President of the Senate – Question Time | 19-Aug-2015
Published: 2015/08/19
Channel: Ricky Muir
President Trump Impeachment Process BEGINS – The Senate is Only SIX Votes Away
President Trump Impeachment Process BEGINS – The Senate is Only SIX Votes Away
Published: 2017/08/18
Channel: Anonymous EXPOSED
Full James Comey Testimony on President Donald Trump, Russia Investigation at Senate Hearing
Full James Comey Testimony on President Donald Trump, Russia Investigation at Senate Hearing
Published: 2017/06/08
Channel: ABC News
Pimentel voted as Senate president of 17th Congress
Pimentel voted as Senate president of 17th Congress
Published: 2016/07/25
Channel: INQUIRER.net
Senate President David Mark Paid Congratulatory Visit to President-elect Muhammadu Buhari
Senate President David Mark Paid Congratulatory Visit to President-elect Muhammadu Buhari
Published: 2015/04/24
Channel: NTA News
Joint Press Conference with Senate President Aquilino Pimentel and House Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez
Joint Press Conference with Senate President Aquilino Pimentel and House Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez
Published: 2017/03/13
Channel: RTVMalacanang
Commotion As APC Lawmakers Oppose Senate President
Commotion As APC Lawmakers Oppose Senate President's Visit To House
Published: 2014/11/20
Channel: Channels Television
Senate Writes President Buhari Over Saraki
Senate Writes President Buhari Over Saraki's Election
Published: 2015/06/11
Channel: NTA News
No Recess Appointments For Trump – Senate Passes Measure To Reign In The President
No Recess Appointments For Trump – Senate Passes Measure To Reign In The President
Published: 2017/08/04
Channel: The Ring of Fire
Meeting with Senate President Aquilino Pimentel III 8/15/2017
Meeting with Senate President Aquilino Pimentel III 8/15/2017
Published: 2017/08/16
Channel: RTVMalacanang
8th Senate - Sen. Abubakar Bukola Saraki elected Senate President unopposed
8th Senate - Sen. Abubakar Bukola Saraki elected Senate President unopposed
Published: 2015/06/10
Channel: Oak TV
Nomination and election of Senate presidency during the start of the 16th Congress
Nomination and election of Senate presidency during the start of the 16th Congress
Published: 2013/07/22
Channel: PTV
#IWD2016: Senate Leader, Ali Ndume, wants Senate President and Nigerian men to marry more wives
#IWD2016: Senate Leader, Ali Ndume, wants Senate President and Nigerian men to marry more wives
Published: 2016/03/09
Channel: Oak TV
Final Remarks by Eduardo Bhatia, President of the Senate of Puerto Rico
Final Remarks by Eduardo Bhatia, President of the Senate of Puerto Rico
Published: 2016/03/04
Channel: Center for a New Economy
President Trump Kicks Off Reelection Campaign, Senate Kicks Off Millions From Healthcare - SOME NEWS
President Trump Kicks Off Reelection Campaign, Senate Kicks Off Millions From Healthcare - SOME NEWS
Published: 2017/06/24
Channel: Cracked
President Trump Makes an Announcement with Senator Tom Cotton and Senator David Perdue
President Trump Makes an Announcement with Senator Tom Cotton and Senator David Perdue
Published: 2017/08/02
Channel: The White House
LATEST SENATE HEARING: Bakbakan Sa Senado Ng Dahil Sa Martial Law Ni President Duterte!
LATEST SENATE HEARING: Bakbakan Sa Senado Ng Dahil Sa Martial Law Ni President Duterte!
Published: 2017/05/30
Channel: Partner4Change
President Trump speaks on lack of votes for Senate GOP health care bill
President Trump speaks on lack of votes for Senate GOP health care bill
Published: 2017/07/18
Channel: PBS NewsHour
President
President's Health: Senate Reads Letter On Buhari's Medical Trip
Published: 2017/05/09
Channel: Channels Television
Senate Majority Leader McConnell speaks on health care after meeting with President Trump
Senate Majority Leader McConnell speaks on health care after meeting with President Trump
Published: 2017/07/19
Channel: PBS NewsHour
8th Senate: Sen. Ekweremadu (PDP) defeats Sen. Ndume (APC) for Deputy Senate President
8th Senate: Sen. Ekweremadu (PDP) defeats Sen. Ndume (APC) for Deputy Senate President's office
Published: 2015/06/12
Channel: Oak TV
Bukola Saraki Emerges Nigeria
Bukola Saraki Emerges Nigeria's Senate President
Published: 2015/06/09
Channel: nigerianbulletin
Citizens Demand CA Senate President Kevin de Leon APOLOGIZE To Senator Nguyen
Citizens Demand CA Senate President Kevin de Leon APOLOGIZE To Senator Nguyen
Published: 2017/03/16
Channel: We The People Rising
See how Nigeria
See how Nigeria's Senate President reacted to the rejection of the gender equality bill
Published: 2016/03/15
Channel: Oak TV
‘This is war against the entire Republican senate’: Morning Joe rips Trump
‘This is war against the entire Republican senate’: Morning Joe rips Trump
Published: 2017/08/17
Channel: weekdays morning
Bukola Saraki Emerges Senate President -- 09/06/15
Bukola Saraki Emerges Senate President -- 09/06/15
Published: 2015/06/09
Channel: Channels Television
Tribunal vs Senate President: Saraki calls on Senators to support, defend Senate sanctity
Tribunal vs Senate President: Saraki calls on Senators to support, defend Senate sanctity
Published: 2015/09/30
Channel: Oak TV
Senate President Welcomes Pres. Buhari To The Joint Session 22/12/15
Senate President Welcomes Pres. Buhari To The Joint Session 22/12/15
Published: 2015/12/22
Channel: Channels Television
Jorge Pizarro, President of the Senate of the Republic of Chile
Jorge Pizarro, President of the Senate of the Republic of Chile
Published: 2014/01/12
Channel: Institute for Cultural Diplomacy
FULL: Rosenstein, Intel Chiefs Testify at Senate Hearing on President Trump and Russia Investigation
FULL: Rosenstein, Intel Chiefs Testify at Senate Hearing on President Trump and Russia Investigation
Published: 2017/06/07
Channel: DONALD TRUMP SPEECHES & PRESS CONFERENCE
Biden swears in Leahy as Senate
Biden swears in Leahy as Senate's president pro tempore
Published: 2012/12/18
Channel: CBS News
Bukola Saraki Emerges As Senate President 10/06/15
Bukola Saraki Emerges As Senate President 10/06/15
Published: 2015/06/10
Channel: Channels Television
FNN 7/25 LIVESTREAM: President Trump Rally; Senate Floor; Breaking News
FNN 7/25 LIVESTREAM: President Trump Rally; Senate Floor; Breaking News
Published: 2017/07/26
Channel: FOX 10 Phoenix
Senate Speaker chosen ahead of election of Somalia’s president
Senate Speaker chosen ahead of election of Somalia’s president
Published: 2017/01/23
Channel: CGTN Africa
Ike Ekweremadu: Deputy Senate President accuses Presidency, EFCC of plot to incriminate him
Ike Ekweremadu: Deputy Senate President accuses Presidency, EFCC of plot to incriminate him
Published: 2017/05/04
Channel: Oak TV
Saraki
Saraki's Trial: President of The Senate Docked
Published: 2015/09/22
Channel: Silverbird Television
Brazil Senate votes to oust President Dilma Rousseff
Brazil Senate votes to oust President Dilma Rousseff
Published: 2016/09/01
Channel: ARIRANG NEWS
Senate President Bukola Saraki Stoned By Protesters In Ilorin
Senate President Bukola Saraki Stoned By Protesters In Ilorin
Published: 2015/09/27
Channel: Adeola Fayehun
Vice President of Student Senate Resigns
Vice President of Student Senate Resigns
Published: 2016/03/03
Channel: KUJH-TV
President Buhari Today Received Senate President Bukola Saraki And Dogara In London
President Buhari Today Received Senate President Bukola Saraki And Dogara In London
Published: 2017/02/15
Channel: Legend View
Nigerian Senate President, Bukola Saraki
Nigerian Senate President, Bukola Saraki's corruption trial begins
Published: 2016/04/05
Channel: Oak TV
New Year: Senate President sets agenda for Nigerian Senate
New Year: Senate President sets agenda for Nigerian Senate
Published: 2016/01/13
Channel: Oak TV
Zubiri backs Koko
Zubiri backs Koko's nomination as Senate President
Published: 2016/07/25
Channel: ABS-CBN News
Local Police Don
Local Police Don't Like Evergreen College President at State Senate Hearing
Published: 2017/07/01
Channel: PSA Sitch
Necrological Services for the late former Senate President Jovito "Jovy" R. Salonga (March 15, 2016)
Necrological Services for the late former Senate President Jovito "Jovy" R. Salonga (March 15, 2016)
Published: 2016/03/15
Channel: Senate of the Philippines
South Korea President meets House, Senate leaders
South Korea President meets House, Senate leaders
Published: 2017/06/29
Channel: NTDTV
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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The President of the Senate is a title often given to the presiding officer of a senate, and is the speaker of other assemblies.

The senate president often ranks high in a jurisdiction's succession for its top executive office: for example, the President of the Senate of Nigeria is second in line for succession to the presidency, after only the Vice President of the Federal Republic, while in France, which has no vice president, the Senate President is first in line to succeed to the Presidential powers and duties.

Argentina[edit]

The Argentine Senate is presided over by the Vice-President of the Republic, currently Gabriela Michetti. This was a recent expansion of the Vice-President's powers introduced as part of the 1994 constitutional amendments (Constitution, Art. 57). The Vice-President may only cast a vote to break a tied Senate vote.

Australia[edit]

The President of the Australian Senate is a senator, traditionally a member of the governing party or coalition, elected by the Senate at the beginning of each parliament as the first item of business. They are assisted by a Deputy President who is traditionally a member of the largest opposition party.[1] The current president is Stephen Parry, a Liberal senator from Tasmania, who has held the office since 7 July 2014.[2]

Barbados[edit]

At the start of every parliamentary session, the Senate of Barbados elects a President and a Vice President, neither of whom may be ministers or parliamentary secretaries. Prior to the January 2008 general election, the positions were held by Sir Fred Gollop and Dame Patricia Symmonds.


Belgium[edit]

The presiding officer of the Belgian Senate is elected by the senators at the beginning of each parliamentary term. The President of the Senate is customarily a member of a majority party with a great deal of political experience. The president presides over the plenary assembly of the Senate, guides and controls debates in the assembly, is responsible for ensuring the democratic functioning of the Senate, maintains order and security in the assembly and for enforcing the Rules of the Senate, and represents the Senate at both the national (to the other institutions) and the international level.

The President of the Senate, together with the President of the Chamber of Representatives, ranks immediately behind the King in the order of precedence. The elder of the two takes the second place in the order of precedence. The Presidents of the Senate and the Chamber rank above the Prime Minister.

Belize[edit]

The Senate of Belize elects both a president and a vice-president upon first convening after a general election. The person elected president may be a senator (provided he/she does not concurrently hold a ministerial position) or a person external to the Senate. The vice-president must be a member of the Senate who does not hold a ministerial portfolio. (Constitution, section 66.)[3]

The current President is Andrea Gill, with Juliet Thimbriel as Vice-President.

Brazil[edit]

The current President of Brazil's Federal Senate is Renan Calheiros.

The President of the Brazilian Senate is the third in order to succeed the president (only below the vice-president and the President of the Chamber of Deputies). It is also the president of the parliament (National Congress), which includes the Senate and the Deputies Chamber.

Burundi[edit]

The President of the Senate of Burundi, since 17 August 2005, is Molly Beamer of the CNDD-FDD. The president is assisted in his work by two vice-presidents.

Cambodia[edit]

The Senate of Cambodia is led by a 12-person permanent commission (bureau), which is in turn chaired by the President of the Senate, currently Say Chhum. He is assisted by a First and a Second Vice-President.[4] The President and Vice-Presidents are elected as the first item of business at the start of every legislative session.[5]

Canada[edit]

While the Speaker of the Canadian Senate, who serves as the presiding officer of the Senate of Canada, is not described as a "president" in English, the position is called Président du Sénat in French. He is appointed by the Governor General on the advice of the Prime Minister.

Chile[edit]

The President of the Senate of Chile is elected from among the country's senators. The current holder of the position, since March 2010, is Jorge Pizarro.

Colombia[edit]

The President of the SenateJavier Cáceres Leal for the 2009–10 period – also serves as the President of the Congress of Colombia.

Fiji[edit]

The members of the former Senate of Fiji (abolished in 2012) used to elect from among their number both a President and Vice-President, whose roles were similar to those of the Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the House of Representatives, respectively.

The last persons to hold those positions were Kinijoji Maivalili (President) and Hafiz Khan (Vice-President). The military coup of 5 December 2006 brought their terms to a premature end.

Danzig[edit]

In the Free City of Danzig (1920–1939/1945), the Senate (or Senat in German) was the executive branch, with Senators (Senatoren) being the holders of ministerial portfolios. In Danzig the President of the Senate (Präsident des Senats) was an office equivalent to that of prime minister in other countries.

France[edit]

The Senate of France elects a president from among its own number. The President of the French Senate stands first in line of succession in case of death or resignation of the President of the Republic, becoming acting president until a presidential election can be held. This most recently occurred with Alain Poher, who was senate president from 1968 to 1992 and who served as interim president on two occasions: following Charles de Gaulle's resignation in 1969, and following Georges Pompidou's death in office in 1974.

Since 2014, the position has been held by Gérard Larcher of the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP).

Germany[edit]

In the German states of Bremen (Senate of Bremen) and Hamburg (Senate of Hamburg), the Senates (or Senate in German) are the executive branch, with Senators (Senatoren) being the holders of ministerial portfolios. In these Länder, the President of the Senate (Präsident des Senats) is an office equivalent to that of minister-president in other German Länder.

Italy[edit]

The Senate of Italy holds its first sitting no later than 20 days after a general election. That session, presided by the oldest senator, proceeds to elect the President of the Senate for the following parliamentary period. On the first two attempts at voting, an absolute majority (a majority of all senators) is needed; if a third round is needed, a candidate can be elected by a majority of the senators present and voting. If this third round fails to produce a winner, a final ballot is held between the two senators with the highest votes in the previous ballot. In the case of a tie, the elder senator is deemed the winner.

In addition to overseeing the business of the chamber, chairing and regulating debates, deciding whether motions and bills are admissible, representing the Senate, etc., the President of the Senate stands in for the President of the Republic when s/he is unable to perform his/her duties.[6]

The current President of the Senate is Pietro Grasso. For a historical listing, see: List of Presidents of the Senate of Italy.

Liberia[edit]

While the Vice President of Liberia serves as President of the Senate, the senators also elect from among their number a President pro tempore to lead the chamber's day-to-day business.

Malaysia[edit]

The Senate of Malaysia elects a president from its members, who is comparable to the Speaker of the House of Representatives. The position is partisan and has usually been held by a member of the Government party.

Mexico[edit]

The Senate of Mexico, at the beginning of each annual legislative session, elects an Executive Board (Mesa Directiva) from among its 128 members. The Executive Board comprises a president, three vice-presidents, and four secretaries, elected by an absolute majority of the Senators. Members of the Executive Board may be re-elected for the following year without restriction. The President of the Executive Board also serves as the President of the Senate.

The President of the Senate for the 2015–16 period of sessions is Roberto Gil Zuarth, a National Action Party (PAN) senator for Chiapas.

Nigeria[edit]

The President of the Senate is the presiding officer of the Senate of Nigeria, elected by its membership.

The current President of the Senate is Dr. Bukola Saraki, who represents Kwara State for the APC.

Peru[edit]

Peru had a bicameral Congress from 1829 until 1992. The President of the Senate was elected by the Senate members to preside over the sessions for one year.

Philippines[edit]

See President of the Senate of the Philippines

Poland[edit]

See Marshal of the Senate of the Republic of Poland

Puerto Rico[edit]

See: Senate of Puerto Rico#Presidents of the Puerto Rico Senate

Romania[edit]

The first session of the Senate is headed by the eldest senator. In that session the senators elect the Standing Bureau of the Romanian Senate. It consists of the President of the Senate, four vice-presidents, four secretaries, and four quaestors. The President of the Standing Bureau also serves as the President of the Senate. The President is elected, by secret ballot, for the duration of the legislative period.[7] The Senate president succeeds temporarily the President of Romania if the latter resigns, is suspended, incapacitated or dies in office. (He/she continues to be President of the Senate during the ad-interim presidency of the country. He/she acts as President until a new president is elected).

South Africa[edit]

The Senate of South Africa was the upper house of Parliament between 1910 and 1981, and between 1994 and 1997. During both periods, the Senate was led by a President.

For a listing, see: Senate of South Africa#Presidents of the Senate of South Africa (1910-1980) and (1994-1997)

Spain[edit]

Sri Lanka[edit]

The Senate of Ceylon was the upper house of Parliament between 1947 and 1971. During this periods, the Senate was led by a President.

Trinidad and Tobago[edit]

The President of the Senate of Trinidad and Tobago, who is generally elected from the government benches, chairs debates in the chamber and stands in for the country's president during periods of absence or illness (Constitution, section 27).[8] A Vice-President of the Senate is also elected from among the senators. The current President of the Senate is Roger Hamel-Smith.

United States[edit]

The Vice President of the United States is assigned the responsibility of presiding over the Senate and designated as its president by the United States Constitution. The vice president, as President of the Senate, has the authority (ex officio, for he or she is not an elected member of the Senate) to cast a tie-breaking vote. Other than this, the rules of the Senate grant its president very little power (in contrast to the powerful office of Speaker of the House of Representatives).

While vice presidents used to regularly preside over the Senate, modern vice presidents have done so only rarely, usually only when swearing in new senators, during joint sessions, announcing the result of a vote on a significant bill or confirmation, or when casting a tie-breaking vote. The Senate chooses a president pro tempore to preside in the vice president's absence. Modern presidents pro tempore, too, rarely preside over the Senate. In practice, the junior senators of the majority party typically preside in order to learn Senate procedure.

Vice presidents have cast 245 tie-breaking votes since the U.S. federal government was established in 1789. The vice president with the most tie breaking votes is John Adams (served 1789–1797) with 29. The current Vice President of the United States and President of the United States Senate is Mike Pence.

U.S. state senates[edit]

In state governments of the United States, the presiding officer of the state senate (the upper house) is a matter decided by the state's constitution. Some states designate the lieutenant governor as president of the senate, while in other states, the Senate elects its own president. The Tennessee Senate elects a senator Speaker of the Senate, who is given the title of Lieutenant Governor.

Similarly, New Hampshire has no lieutenant governor, but the state senate elects a president who is the de facto lieutenant governor, given that in the event of the governor's death, resignation, or inability to serve, the president of the senate acts as governor until the vacancy is filled. New Jersey previously used the same system, but with the important proviso that the Senate president continued to serve in that position while also serving as acting governor. After Christine Todd Whitman resigned as governor, Donald DiFrancesco spent nearly a year as acting governor. As a result of his tenure, questions were raised about the propriety of such a system, particularly with regard to separation of powers-related issues. A constitutional amendment was enacted in 2005 to create the office of lieutenant governor effective at the 2009 election.

Uruguay[edit]

The Vice President of Uruguay presides over the country's 30-member Senate.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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