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APHG.7.3 - Rank-Size/Primate Cities- How & why do cities vary in size & influence?
APHG.7.3 - Rank-Size/Primate Cities- How & why do cities vary in size & influence?
Published: 2015/04/23
Channel: Caroline Bednarz
Primate city
Primate city
Published: 2016/01/14
Channel: Audiopedia
Urban Morphology: Fundamentals of Geography
Urban Morphology: Fundamentals of Geography
Published: 2014/09/23
Channel: Examrace
Primate City
Primate City
Published: 2017/06/05
Channel: Marcus Bradley
Law of Primate City
Law of Primate City
Published: 2017/06/04
Channel: CourtneyBek
Primate city and AP HuG units
Primate city and AP HuG units
Published: 2016/06/03
Channel: Christene Merrill
6 2 Intro & preview Lecture Ch 25 Primate Cities
6 2 Intro & preview Lecture Ch 25 Primate Cities
Published: 2016/05/16
Channel: Joshua Andert
APHG.7.3 - CONTINUED- Rank-Size & Primate Cities- How & why do cities vary in size and influence?
APHG.7.3 - CONTINUED- Rank-Size & Primate Cities- How & why do cities vary in size and influence?
Published: 2015/04/23
Channel: Caroline Bednarz
HuGeo - Urban Hierarchy and Rank-Size Rule
HuGeo - Urban Hierarchy and Rank-Size Rule
Published: 2014/04/28
Channel: Michael Kauls
Primate City Limits
Primate City Limits
Published: 2015/09/07
Channel: Various Artists - Topic
What Is A Primate City In Geography?
What Is A Primate City In Geography?
Published: 2017/10/05
Channel: Bet 2 Bet
Primate city and AP HuG units
Primate city and AP HuG units
Published: 2016/06/03
Channel: Christene Merrill
Top 6 places to see in Budapest
Top 6 places to see in Budapest
Published: 2017/03/17
Channel: Inspiring World
Primate city HD
Primate city HD
Published: 2016/03/17
Channel: Keith Patete
City of Angels | Bangkok, Thailand
City of Angels | Bangkok, Thailand
Published: 2015/04/12
Channel: PedroTravells
Primate City
Primate City
Published: 2017/08/13
Channel: Meow Brows
Primate City.wmv
Primate City.wmv
Published: 2011/09/23
Channel: Creme0fraiche
Geo primate cities
Geo primate cities
Published: 2017/04/23
Channel: Samuel Lin
What Is Considered A Primate?
What Is Considered A Primate?
Published: 2017/10/08
Channel: Bet 2 Bet
Primate city
Primate city
Published: 2016/03/15
Channel: All Youtuber Video
Bangkok City - Thailand (HD)
Bangkok City - Thailand (HD)
Published: 2015/06/24
Channel: Wonderful Places
Philippine Public Official Visited Gumi-si, known as Saemaeul Undong’s Primate City
Philippine Public Official Visited Gumi-si, known as Saemaeul Undong’s Primate City
Published: 2016/03/24
Channel: 국제i저널 IIJournal
Where are cities located & why?
Where are cities located & why?
Published: 2016/02/03
Channel: APHUG
विश्व का सबके अनोखा शहर बैंकॉक. || Intresting Facts || Bangkok City 2017..
विश्व का सबके अनोखा शहर बैंकॉक. || Intresting Facts || Bangkok City 2017..
Published: 2017/09/30
Channel: Secrets Unlocked
THE PRIMATE FIVE - rat city
THE PRIMATE FIVE - rat city
Published: 2014/02/12
Channel: NASTYRITMOS!!!
Primate city
Primate city
Published: 2016/03/16
Channel: Mazdy Lucks
The most beautiful cities in the world - Budapest
The most beautiful cities in the world - Budapest
Published: 2016/02/28
Channel: Happy Traveler
6 2 Lecture video Ch 25 Sect 3 5
6 2 Lecture video Ch 25 Sect 3 5
Published: 2016/05/18
Channel: Joshua Andert
Comparative cognitive science study on primate intelligence at Kyoto City Zoo
Comparative cognitive science study on primate intelligence at Kyoto City Zoo
Published: 2016/06/06
Channel: Caramelribbon3
Budapest HD Video Tour on Rainy Day - Hungary
Budapest HD Video Tour on Rainy Day - Hungary
Published: 2014/02/11
Channel: toande77
Cape Town/Kaapstad/iKapa city tour (South Africa)
Cape Town/Kaapstad/iKapa city tour (South Africa)
Published: 2013/01/23
Channel: valpard
बैंगकॉक जाने से पहले जानलो ये बाते  | Facts About Bangkok
बैंगकॉक जाने से पहले जानलो ये बाते | Facts About Bangkok
Published: 2017/10/12
Channel: Secret Mystery
Walking In Bangkok (Thailand)
Walking In Bangkok (Thailand)
Published: 2014/11/23
Channel: keezi walks
Cape Town, South Africa - city tour
Cape Town, South Africa - city tour
Published: 2015/12/09
Channel: Ten Slides
Bangkok Red Light Area // Interesting facts about Bangkok city in Hindi || Global Myth
Bangkok Red Light Area // Interesting facts about Bangkok city in Hindi || Global Myth
Published: 2017/06/26
Channel: Global Myth
One of The Most Beautiful Kuala Lumpur City
One of The Most Beautiful Kuala Lumpur City
Published: 2011/09/01
Channel: SAGAR
Fosil Primate Mas Viejo, Sky City, GPS Intergalactico y Mas | Ciencia
Fosil Primate Mas Viejo, Sky City, GPS Intergalactico y Mas | Ciencia
Published: 2013/06/14
Channel: SciNewsNetworkMx
Iloilo city, Philippines City Tour (tour operator)
Iloilo city, Philippines City Tour (tour operator)
Published: 2017/10/09
Channel: Ann Rocks
Cape Town
Cape Town's Marina (South Africa)
Published: 2013/01/25
Channel: valpard
Cape Town  -  South Africa
Cape Town - South Africa
Published: 2010/05/27
Channel: THEWORLDOFTRAVEL
Cape Town, South Africa Tour HD
Cape Town, South Africa Tour HD
Published: 2014/05/10
Channel: World Travel Guides
Cape town in 2 minute
Cape town in 2 minute
Published: 2017/03/22
Channel: Timo's Diary
Harm de Blij, "On Location in Bangkok, Thailand"
Harm de Blij, "On Location in Bangkok, Thailand"
Published: 2007/07/24
Channel: GeographyMatters
Glimpses of Budapest
Glimpses of Budapest
Published: 2012/04/18
Channel: Joanna Palm
Independence day blessings by Rev I D Samuel (God
Independence day blessings by Rev I D Samuel (God's City Primate)
Published: 2017/10/02
Channel: Chinyere Ariwodo
Bangkok City of Life 2015  ( HD1080/60P )
Bangkok City of Life 2015 ( HD1080/60P )
Published: 2015/01/06
Channel: MrPeti36
CAPE TOWN - CIDADE DO CABO - SOUTH AFRICA - BEST VIDEO
CAPE TOWN - CIDADE DO CABO - SOUTH AFRICA - BEST VIDEO
Published: 2013/12/13
Channel: BigBang NaLata
Comparative cognitive science study on primate intelligence, Takashi at Kyoto City Zoo
Comparative cognitive science study on primate intelligence, Takashi at Kyoto City Zoo
Published: 2016/06/06
Channel: Caramelribbon3
Budapest
Budapest
Published: 2016/01/01
Channel: Dejan Lavbič
The Dark Primate II: A City of Fire
The Dark Primate II: A City of Fire
Published: 2015/08/18
Channel: Primeval Gamer
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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A primate city (Latin: "prime, first rank")[1] is the largest city in its country or region, disproportionately larger than any others in the urban hierarchy.[2] A 'primate city distribution' is a rank-size distribution that has one very large city with many much smaller cities and towns, and no intermediate-sized urban centres: a King effect, visible as an outlier on an otherwise linear graph, when the rest of the data fit a power law or stretched exponential function.[3] The 'law of the primate city' was first proposed by the geographer Mark Jefferson in 1939.[4] He defines a primate city as being "at least twice as large as the next largest city and more than twice as significant."[5] A primate city is number one in its country in most aspects, like politics, economy, media, culture and universities.

Significance[edit]

Not all countries have primate cities, but in those that do, the rest of the country depends on it for cultural, economic, political, and major transportation needs.[citation needed] On the other hand, the primate city depends on the rest of the country as paying consumers of the cultural, economic, political and other services produced in the area.

The presence of a primate city in a country may indicate an imbalance in development – usually a progressive core, and a lagging periphery, on which the city depends for labor and other resources.[6] However, the urban structure is not directly dependent on a country's level of economic development.[2]

Many of the primate cities are increasing their percentage of their country's population. This can be because the number of traditional workers have been reduced because of mechanization in the manufacturing industry, agriculture, and other blue-collar industries, which are generally located throughout all of the country. At the same time, the number of educated employees in service business such as politics, economy, culture, media, and higher education has been rising, and those sectors are often located in the capital where the power and money is concentrated.

Examples[edit]

Many alpha world cities are considered national and/or regional primate cities.[5][7] They include the two alpha++ world cities of London in the United Kingdom (national) and New York City in the United States (regional), though the U.S. has never had any primate city on a national scale.[8] In addition, Paris, Budapest, Dublin, Kuala Lumpur, Lima, Mexico City, Seoul, and Vienna have also been described as primate cities within their respective countries.[9]

Bangkok, the capital of Thailand, has been called "the most primate city on Earth", being roughly thirty-five times larger than Thailand's second-largest city of Nakhon Ratchasima.[10] Fong's examination of the primate city during the 2010 Thai political protests was notable. Taking the concept and applying it to the role that primate cities play if they are national capitals, his study noted that when primate cities like Bangkok function as national capitals, they are inherently vulnerable to insurrectionary dynamics by the subaltern, and the dispossessed. He cites the simple fact that most primate cities serving as national capitals contain major headquarters for the country. Thus, logistically, it is rather "efficient" for national targets to be contested since they are all located within one major urban environment.[11]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Primate". Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 2008-07-21. 
    From Old French or Frenchprimat, from a noun use of Latin primat-, from primus ("prime, first rank")
  2. ^ a b Goodall, B. (1987) The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography. London: Penguin.
  3. ^ http://www.lboro.ac.uk/gawc/rb/rb186.html GaWC Research Bulletin 186
  4. ^ The Law of the Primate City and the Rank-Size Rule, by Matt Rosenberg
  5. ^ a b Jefferson. "The Law of the Primate City", in Geographical Review 29 (April 1939)
  6. ^ Brunn, Stanley et al. Cities of the World. Boulder, CO: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc, 2003
  7. ^ Taşan-Kok, Tuna (2004). Budapest, Istanbul and Warsaw: Institutional and spatial change. Eburon Uitgeverij. p. 41. ISBN 9789059720411. Retrieved 2013-05-21. 
  8. ^ "The World According to GaWC 2012". Globalization and World Cities Research Network. Loughborough University. Retrieved 11 January 2017. 
  9. ^ Pacione, Michael (2005). Urban Geography: A Global Perspective (2nd ed.). Abingdon: Routledge. p. 83. 
  10. ^ "จำนวนเทศบาลตำบล">ส่วนวิจัยและพัฒนาระบบ รูปแบบและโครงสร้าง สำนักพัฒนาระบบ รูปแบบและโครงสร้าง กรมส่งเสริมการปกครองท้องถิ่น." [ออนไลน์]. เข้าถึงได้จาก: [1] 2557. สืบค้น 6 กุมภาพันธ์ 2558.
  11. ^ Fong, Jack (2013). "Political Vulnerabilities of a Primate City: The May 2010 Red Shirts Uprising in Bangkok, Thailand.". Journal of Asian and African Studies. 48 (3): 332–347. 

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