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Afghanistan Discussion With U.K. Prime Minister Brown ,Afghan President Khazai and Students Pt 1
Afghanistan Discussion With U.K. Prime Minister Brown ,Afghan President Khazai and Students Pt 1
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The Prime Minister in Afghanistan
The Prime Minister in Afghanistan
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Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott announces key milestone in Afghanistan
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Prime Minister Modi meets with Afghanistan president Karzai
Prime Minister Modi meets with Afghanistan president Karzai
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UK PRIME MINISTER ON AFGHANISTAN
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PRIME MINISTER IN AFGHANISTAN
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India
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Prime Minister Putin talks on Afghanistan and Pakistan during his India trip
Prime Minister Putin talks on Afghanistan and Pakistan during his India trip
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Prime Minister welcomes troops to Westminster following Afghanistan tour of duty
Prime Minister welcomes troops to Westminster following Afghanistan tour of duty
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British Prime Minister says London is committed to securing Afghanistan
British Prime Minister says London is committed to securing Afghanistan
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TV Report -- Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif Visit to Kabul, Nov 30, 2013
TV Report -- Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif Visit to Kabul, Nov 30, 2013
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PM Modi, Obama discuss terror, Afghanistan, WTO: Top 5 Takeaways
PM Modi, Obama discuss terror, Afghanistan, WTO: Top 5 Takeaways
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Dawood escapes to Afghanistan as Modi turns PM! - Tv9
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UK Prime Minister David Cameron says
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UK Prime Minister trip to Afghanistan - Dec 20 2011
UK Prime Minister trip to Afghanistan - Dec 20 2011
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PM Narendra Modi meets President of Afghanistan, Hamid Karzai
PM Narendra Modi meets President of Afghanistan, Hamid Karzai
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British Prime Minister Bunks with Troops in Afghanistan
British Prime Minister Bunks with Troops in Afghanistan
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Afghanistan Estonia Prime Minister 10.05.10
Afghanistan Estonia Prime Minister 10.05.10
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Prime Minister Orbán welcomes Hungarian troops returning from Afghanistan
Prime Minister Orbán welcomes Hungarian troops returning from Afghanistan
::2013/04/04::
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Radio Afghanistan California, Prime Minister A.R. Ghafoorzai
Radio Afghanistan California, Prime Minister A.R. Ghafoorzai's plane crash 8/23/97 part 2.
::2011/10/05::
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Noor-T.V. Afghanistan 13th Year Anniversary of Prime Minister A.R. Ghafoorzai 8/21/10
Noor-T.V. Afghanistan 13th Year Anniversary of Prime Minister A.R. Ghafoorzai 8/21/10
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Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif has arrived in the Afghan capital Kabul
Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif has arrived in the Afghan capital Kabul
::2013/11/30::
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28
BRITISH PRIME MINISTER VISITS AFGHANISTAN
BRITISH PRIME MINISTER VISITS AFGHANISTAN
::2008/08/21::
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29
6th Year Anniversary of Prime Minister A.R. Ghafoorzai Balkh, Afghanistan 8/27/03 Part 1.
6th Year Anniversary of Prime Minister A.R. Ghafoorzai Balkh, Afghanistan 8/27/03 Part 1.
::2011/10/30::
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30
Former Prime Minister Of Spain Jose Maria Aznar On Afghanistan
Former Prime Minister Of Spain Jose Maria Aznar On Afghanistan
::2009/11/09::
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31
6th year Anniversary of Prime Minister A.R. Ghafoorzai Kabul, Afghanistan 8/23/03 part 1.
6th year Anniversary of Prime Minister A.R. Ghafoorzai Kabul, Afghanistan 8/23/03 part 1.
::2011/10/21::
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32
Indian ambassador to Afghanistan lauds Modi as PM
Indian ambassador to Afghanistan lauds Modi as PM
::2014/06/18::
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33
Ambassadors of Sri Lanka in Afghanistan met Hon. Prime minister D.M.Jayaratne
Ambassadors of Sri Lanka in Afghanistan met Hon. Prime minister D.M.Jayaratne
::2014/01/10::
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34
Radio Afghanistan California, Prime Minister A.R. Ghafoorzai
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Prime Minister Manmohan Singh of India and President Obama at the White House (2013)
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh of India and President Obama at the White House (2013)
::2013/10/29::
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36
A.R. Ghafoorzai, Foreign Minister of Afghanistan, Balkh University June 1997 part 2.
A.R. Ghafoorzai, Foreign Minister of Afghanistan, Balkh University June 1997 part 2.
::2011/09/20::
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37
6th year Anniversary of Prime Minister A.R. Ghafoorzai Kabul, Afghanistan 8/23/03 part 2
6th year Anniversary of Prime Minister A.R. Ghafoorzai Kabul, Afghanistan 8/23/03 part 2
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Obama Visits Afghanistan, Libya has New Prime Minister...
Obama Visits Afghanistan, Libya has New Prime Minister...
::2014/05/25::
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PM Julia Gillard: "We are serving our national interest in Afghanistan" - ASPI
PM Julia Gillard: "We are serving our national interest in Afghanistan" - ASPI
::2012/04/20::
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40
A.R. Ghafoorzai, Foreign Minister of Afghanistan, Balkh University June 1997 part 3.
A.R. Ghafoorzai, Foreign Minister of Afghanistan, Balkh University June 1997 part 3.
::2011/09/20::
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41
Prime Minister John Key on SAS
Prime Minister John Key on SAS's role in Afghanistan
::2011/10/05::
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42
President Karzai & Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif Joint Press Conference -- Nov 30, 2013
President Karzai & Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif Joint Press Conference -- Nov 30, 2013
::2013/11/30::
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43
The former President of Afghanistan, Hamid Karzai calls on PM Modi
The former President of Afghanistan, Hamid Karzai calls on PM Modi
::2014/11/21::
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44
News Package - Iran & Afghanistan President meet Pakistan Prime Minister
News Package - Iran & Afghanistan President meet Pakistan Prime Minister
::2012/02/17::
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45
Afghanistan Discussion With U.K. Prime Minister Brown ,Afghan President Khazai and Students Pt2
Afghanistan Discussion With U.K. Prime Minister Brown ,Afghan President Khazai and Students Pt2
::2010/01/28::
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46
Hamid Karzai on Frankly speaking with Arnab Goswami - Part 1 of 2
Hamid Karzai on Frankly speaking with Arnab Goswami - Part 1 of 2
::2012/11/11::
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47
Afghanistan President Ashraf Ghani Pakistan Visit;
Afghanistan President Ashraf Ghani Pakistan Visit; 'Humiliating Punjabi Sharif' Exclusive Report
::2014/11/15::
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48
Security situation in Balochistan linked to Afghanistan: Prime Minister Gilani
Security situation in Balochistan linked to Afghanistan: Prime Minister Gilani
::2011/08/05::
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49
German  Prime Minister Visits Troops in Afghanistan 18 12 2010 TOLOnews com
German Prime Minister Visits Troops in Afghanistan 18 12 2010 TOLOnews com
::2010/12/18::
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Prime Minister
Prime Minister's Video Message - Families of the Fallen Afghanistan Dinner
::2014/11/09::
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Emblem of Afghanistan.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Afghanistan
Foreign relations

The Prime Minister of Afghanistan is a currently defunct post in the Afghan Government.

The position was created in 1927, and was appointed by the King, mostly as an advisor, until the end of the monarchy in 1973. During the 1980s, the position was the head of government.

History of the office[edit]

Kingdom[edit]

The Chairman of the Council of Ministers was not headed by the Prime Minister, but the King. Only during his absence was the Premier the acting Chairman of the Council.

Until 1963, King Mohammed Zahir Shah appointed his relatives as prime ministers. King Zahir Shah also had the power to dismiss or transfer the Prime Minister.

This was changed, stating that the Head of the Afghan Government was the Prime Minister, and that the government consisted of its ministers. It was the first time that King Zahir Shah did not play an important role in the government, leaving it to an elected authority. However, it also stated that they cannot engage in any other profession during their tenure of office.

The 1963 Constitution also granted the Prime Minister the power to summon the Electoral College in case of the death of the King. The Prime Minister only answered to the Wolesi Jirga about the General Policy of the government, and individually for their prescribed duties.

Democratic Republic[edit]

In April 1978, Mohammed Daoud Khan was killed during a coup that started the Saur Revolution. The People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) revived the office of Prime Minister that year, and it remained throughout the 1980s.

The President was in charge of the appointment of the Prime Minister, who in turn appointed the Council of Ministers. The Council's stated purpose was to formulate and implement domestic and foreign policies, to formulate economic development plans and state budgets, and to ensure public order.

Under the 1987 Constitution, the President was required to appoint the Prime Minister in order to form the Government. The Prime Minister had the power to dissolve the government. Several Afghan presidents during the Democratic Republic era were also appointed as Prime Minister. With the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, the Prime Minister was no longer in charge of the government. The General Secretary of the PDPA or the Director of the KHAD exercised greater power.

Also, the 1990 Constitution established that only Afghan-born citizens are eligible to hold the office, something that was not specified in the previous documents.

Islamic Emirate[edit]

After the collapse of Mohammad Najibullah's government, a transitional state was created. Thus, the office of Prime Minister once again played an important role in the history of the nation.

There was constant friction between the President and the Premier during this period. The State had collapsed and there was not an effective central Government from 1992 until 1996. Thus, the position became de facto ceremonial, with little power in what was left of the Government.

The title was abolished when the Taliban forces of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan took over control in 1996. The Deputy Leader of the Taliban was often known as the Prime Minister throughout its rule. With the death of Rabbani in 2001, the Taliban decided not to revive the office.

Until August 1997, the government which the Taliban had ousted, which remained in rebellion until the end of the Taliban in 2001, had a Prime Minister in the government, but the position was abolished.

Heads of government[edit]

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

# Name Born-Died Took office Left office Political Party
Kingdom of Afghanistan
1 Sardar Shir Ahmad Emblem of Afghanistan (1926-1928).svg c. 1885–? 25 October 1927 January 1929 Independent
Emirate of Afghanistan
2 Shir Giyan Emblem of Afghanistan (1929).svg  ?–1929 January 1929 1 November 1929 Independent
Kingdom of Afghanistan
3 Mohammad Hashim Khan Sardar-Mohammad-Hashim-Khan.tif 1885–1953 1 November 1929 May 1946 Independent
4 Shah Mahmud Khan Shah mahmood.tif 1890–1959 May 1946 7 September 1953 Independent
5 Mohammed Daoud Khan Mohammed-Daoud-Khan.jpg 1909–1978 7 September 1953 10 March 1963 Independent
6 Mohammad Yusuf Emblem of Afghanistan (1931-1973).svg 1917–1998 10 March 1963 2 November 1965 Independent
7 Mohammad Hashim Maiwandwal Emblem of Afghanistan (1931-1973).svg 1919–1973 2 November 1965 11 October 1967 Independent
(until 1966)
Progressive Democratic Party
Abdullah Yaqta1 Emblem of Afghanistan (1931-1973).svg 1914–2003 11 October 1967 1 November 1967 Independent
8 Mohammad Nur Ahmad Etemadi Emblem of Afghanistan (1931-1973).svg 1921–1979 1 November 1967 9 June 1971 Independent
9 Abdul Zahir Emblem of Afghanistan (1931-1973).svg 1910–1983 9 June 1971 12 November 1972 Independent
10 Mohammad Musa Shafiq Mosa Shafiq.jpg 1932–1979 12 November 1972 17 July 1973 Independent
Republic of Afghanistan
Post Abolished (17 July 1973 – 27 April 1978)
Democratic Republic of Afghanistan
11 Nur Muhammad Taraki Emblem of Afghanistan (1978-1980).svg 1917–1979 1 May 1978 27 March 1979 People's Democratic Party
(Khalq faction)
12 Hafizullah Amin Hafizullah Amin.jpg 1929–1979 27 March 1979 27 December 1979 People's Democratic Party
(Khalq faction)
13 Babrak Karmal B Karmal.png 1929–1996 27 December 1979 11 June 1981 People's Democratic Party
(Parcham faction)
14 Sultan Ali Keshtmand Emblem of Afghanistan (1980-1987).svg 1935– 11 June 1981 30 November 1987 People's Democratic Party
(Parcham faction)
Republic of Afghanistan
Sultan Ali Keshtmand Emblem of Afghanistan (1987-1992).svg 1935– 30 November 1987 26 May 1988 People's Democratic Party
(Parcham faction)
15 Mohammad Hasan Sharq Emblem of Afghanistan (1987-1992).svg 1925– 26 May 1988 21 February 1989 Independent
(14) Sultan Ali Keshtmand Emblem of Afghanistan (1987-1992).svg 1935– 21 February 1989 8 May 1990 People's Democratic Party
(Parcham faction)
16 Fazal Haq Khaliqyar Emblem of Afghanistan (1987-1992).svg 1934–2004 8 May 1990 15 April 1992 People's Democratic Party
(Parcham faction)
(until 1990)
Watan Party
Islamic State of Afghanistan
17 Abdul Sabur Farid Kohistani Emblem of Afghanistan (1992-1996).svg 1952–2007 6 July 1992 15 August 1992 Hezb-e Islami Gulbuddin
18 Gulbuddin Hekmatyar Emblem of Afghanistan (1992-1996).svg 1947– 17 June 1993 28 June 1994 Hezb-e Islami Gulbuddin
Arsala Rahmani Daulat2 Emblem of Afghanistan (1992-1996).svg 1937–2012 28 June 1994 1995 Islamic Dawah Organisation
Ahmad Shah Ahmadzai3 Emblem of Afghanistan (1992-1996).svg 1944– 1995 26 June 1996 Islamic Dawah Organisation
(18) Gulbuddin Hekmatyar Emblem of Afghanistan (1992-1996).svg 1947– 26 June 1996 27 September 1996 Hezb-e Islami Gulbuddin
Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan
19 Mullah Mohammad Rabbani Arms of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan.svg 1956–2001 27 September 1996 21 April 2001 Taliban
Mawlawi Abdul Kabir4 Arms of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan.svg 1958/1963– 21 April 2001 13 November 2001 Taliban
Northern Alliance of Afghanistan
I Gulbuddin Hekmatyar Emblem of Afghanistan (1992-1996).svg 1947– 27 September 1996 11 August 1997 Hezb-e Islami Gulbuddin
(Northern Alliance)
II Abdul Rahim Ghafoorzai Emblem of Afghanistan (1992-1996).svg 1947–1997 11 August 1997 21 August 1997 Northern Alliance
III Abdul Ghafoor Ravan Farhâdi Emblem of Afghanistan (1992-1996).svg 1929– 21 August 1997 13 November 2001 Northern Alliance
Islamic Transitional State of Afghanistan
20 Abdul Ghafoor Ravan Farhâdi Emblem of Afghanistan (1992-1996).svg 1929– 13 November 2001 22 December 2001 Northern Alliance
Post Abolished (22 December 2001 – 7 December 2004)
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Post Abolished (7 December 2004 – Present)

Notes[edit]

  1. Abdullah Yaqta was prime minister in an acting capacity.
  2. Arsala Rahmani was prime minister in an acting capacity.
  3. Ahmad Shah Ahmadzai was prime minister in an acting capacity.
  4. Mawlawi Abdul Kabir was prime minister in an acting capacity.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

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