1
Prime Minister Modi meets with Afghanistan president Karzai
Prime Minister Modi meets with Afghanistan president Karzai
DATE: 2014/05/27::
2
The Prime Minister in Afghanistan
The Prime Minister in Afghanistan
DATE: 2008/08/21::
3
PRIME MINISTER ON AFGHANISTAN
PRIME MINISTER ON AFGHANISTAN
DATE: 2008/01/11::
4
PM meets President of Afghanistan
PM meets President of Afghanistan
DATE: 2015/04/28::
5
Why only a fool would campaign to become Prime minister of Afghanistan
Why only a fool would campaign to become Prime minister of Afghanistan
DATE: 2014/02/20::
6
sulaiman qauymi news about the travel of pakistan prime minister to afghanistan 4december 2010
sulaiman qauymi news about the travel of pakistan prime minister to afghanistan 4december 2010
DATE: 2010/12/05::
7
UK PRIME MINISTER ON AFGHANISTAN
UK PRIME MINISTER ON AFGHANISTAN
DATE: 2009/09/04::
8
'India will walk shoulder to shoulder with you', PM Modi's message to Afghanistan
DATE: 2015/04/28::
9
Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott announces key milestone in Afghanistan
Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott announces key milestone in Afghanistan
DATE: 2013/10/29::
10
India
India's prime minister visits Afghanistan
DATE: 2011/05/24::
11
PM Modi and Afghanistan President Ghani speech at Joint Press Conference
PM Modi and Afghanistan President Ghani speech at Joint Press Conference
DATE: 2015/04/28::
12
Prime Minister Of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif Visits Afghanistan News Today May 12, 2015
Prime Minister Of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif Visits Afghanistan News Today May 12, 2015
DATE: 2015/05/12::
13
Prime Minister Of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif Visits Afghanistan
Prime Minister Of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif Visits Afghanistan
DATE: 2015/05/12::
14
Prime Minister welcomes troops to Westminster following Afghanistan tour of duty
Prime Minister welcomes troops to Westminster following Afghanistan tour of duty
DATE: 2013/10/22::
15
PM Modi meets Afghanistan President Ghani at Hyderabad House, Delhi
PM Modi meets Afghanistan President Ghani at Hyderabad House, Delhi
DATE: 2015/04/28::
16
Afghanistan President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani meets PM Narendra Modi
Afghanistan President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani meets PM Narendra Modi
DATE: 2015/04/28::
17
Noor-T.V. Afghanistan 13th Year Anniversary of Prime Minister A.R. Ghafoorzai 8/21/10
Noor-T.V. Afghanistan 13th Year Anniversary of Prime Minister A.R. Ghafoorzai 8/21/10
DATE: 2011/10/21::
18
India Will Walk Shoulder To Shoulder With Afghanistan - PM Narendra Modi
India Will Walk Shoulder To Shoulder With Afghanistan - PM Narendra Modi
DATE: 2015/04/29::
19
President Ghani & Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif Joint Press Conference
President Ghani & Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif Joint Press Conference
DATE: 2015/05/12::
20
PM Modi meets Afghanistan President Ashraf Ghani at SAARC Summit in Kathmandu, Nepal
PM Modi meets Afghanistan President Ashraf Ghani at SAARC Summit in Kathmandu, Nepal
DATE: 2014/11/26::
21
The former President of Afghanistan, Hamid Karzai calls on PM Modi
The former President of Afghanistan, Hamid Karzai calls on PM Modi
DATE: 2014/11/21::
22
Former Prime Minister Of Spain Jose Maria Aznar On Afghanistan
Former Prime Minister Of Spain Jose Maria Aznar On Afghanistan
DATE: 2009/11/09::
23
British Prime Minister says London is committed to securing Afghanistan
British Prime Minister says London is committed to securing Afghanistan
DATE: 2014/10/03::
24
Pakistani PM: Afghanistan, Pakistan have common enmies
Pakistani PM: Afghanistan, Pakistan have common enmies
DATE: 2015/05/12::
25
British Prime Minister Bunks with Troops in Afghanistan
British Prime Minister Bunks with Troops in Afghanistan
DATE: 2010/01/12::
26
PM Modi Speech and Afghanistan President Ghani at Press Conference
PM Modi Speech and Afghanistan President Ghani at Press Conference
DATE: 2015/04/28::
27
Ambassadors of Sri Lanka in Afghanistan met Hon. Prime minister D.M.Jayaratne
Ambassadors of Sri Lanka in Afghanistan met Hon. Prime minister D.M.Jayaratne
DATE: 2014/01/10::
28
Afghanistan Discussion With U.K. Prime Minister Brown ,Afghan President Khazai and Students Pt2
Afghanistan Discussion With U.K. Prime Minister Brown ,Afghan President Khazai and Students Pt2
DATE: 2010/01/28::
29
Prime Minister Putin talks on Afghanistan and Pakistan during his India trip
Prime Minister Putin talks on Afghanistan and Pakistan during his India trip
DATE: 2010/03/12::
30
Afghanistan Estonia Prime Minister 10.05.10
Afghanistan Estonia Prime Minister 10.05.10
DATE: 2010/05/11::
31
Nawaz Shareef visited Afghanistan invitation Prime Minister
Nawaz Shareef visited Afghanistan invitation Prime Minister's Office
DATE: 2015/05/12::
32
British PM Cameron in Afghanistan to revive peace talks
British PM Cameron in Afghanistan to revive peace talks
DATE: 2013/06/29::
33
India will walk shoulder to shoulder with you, PM Modi tells Afghanistan
India will walk shoulder to shoulder with you, PM Modi tells Afghanistan
DATE: 2015/04/29::
34
Prime Minister Orbán welcomes Hungarian troops returning from Afghanistan
Prime Minister Orbán welcomes Hungarian troops returning from Afghanistan
DATE: 2013/04/04::
35
Indian PM pledges 500 mln USD fund to Afghanistan
Indian PM pledges 500 mln USD fund to Afghanistan
DATE: 2011/05/13::
36
Afghanistan President Ashraf Ghani Pakistan Visit;
Afghanistan President Ashraf Ghani Pakistan Visit; 'Humiliating Punjabi Sharif' Exclusive Report
DATE: 2014/11/15::
37
UK Prime Minister trip to Afghanistan - Dec 20 2011
UK Prime Minister trip to Afghanistan - Dec 20 2011
DATE: 2011/12/21::
38
Indian ambassador to Afghanistan lauds Modi as PM
Indian ambassador to Afghanistan lauds Modi as PM
DATE: 2014/06/18::
39
PM Modi, Obama discuss terror, Afghanistan, WTO: Top 5 Takeaways
PM Modi, Obama discuss terror, Afghanistan, WTO: Top 5 Takeaways
DATE: 2014/09/30::
40
6th year Anniversary of Prime Minister A.R. Ghafoorzai Kabul, Afghanistan 8/23/03 part 1.
6th year Anniversary of Prime Minister A.R. Ghafoorzai Kabul, Afghanistan 8/23/03 part 1.
DATE: 2011/10/21::
41
BRITISH PRIME MINISTER VISITS AFGHANISTAN
BRITISH PRIME MINISTER VISITS AFGHANISTAN
DATE: 2008/08/21::
42
President Afghanistan Ashraf Ghani Speech at 18th SAARC Summit  November 26, 2014
President Afghanistan Ashraf Ghani Speech at 18th SAARC Summit November 26, 2014
DATE: 2014/11/26::
43
Radio Azade Afghanistan Prime Minister A.R. Ghafoorzai
Radio Azade Afghanistan Prime Minister A.R. Ghafoorzai's Plane Crash 8/23/1997
DATE: 2011/10/21::
44
Joint press conference by PM Modi and Afghanistan President Ghani
Joint press conference by PM Modi and Afghanistan President Ghani
DATE: 2015/04/28::
45
Afghan President Ghani   Pakistani PM Sharif in Kabul
Afghan President Ghani Pakistani PM Sharif in Kabul
DATE: 2015/05/12::
46
PM Narendra Modi meets Hamid Karzai, President of Afghanistan
PM Narendra Modi meets Hamid Karzai, President of Afghanistan
DATE: 2014/05/27::
47
Afghanistan Discussion With U.K. Prime Minister Brown ,Afghan President Khazai and Students Pt 1
Afghanistan Discussion With U.K. Prime Minister Brown ,Afghan President Khazai and Students Pt 1
DATE: 2010/01/28::
48
St Pauls
St Pauls' Cathedral AFGHANISTAN A Service of Commemoration 13th March 2015
DATE: 2015/03/17::
49
TV Report -- Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif Visit to Kabul, Nov 30, 2013
TV Report -- Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif Visit to Kabul, Nov 30, 2013
DATE: 2013/11/30::
50
German  Prime Minister Visits Troops in Afghanistan 18 12 2010 TOLOnews com
German Prime Minister Visits Troops in Afghanistan 18 12 2010 TOLOnews com
DATE: 2010/12/18::
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National Emblem of Afghanistan 03.png
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Afghanistan
Foreign relations

The Prime Minister of Afghanistan is a currently defunct post in the Afghan Government.

The position was created in 1927, and was appointed by the King, mostly as an advisor, until the end of the monarchy in 1973. During the 1980s, the position was the head of government.

History of the office[edit]

Kingdom[edit]

The Chairman of the Council of Ministers was not headed by the Prime Minister, but the King. Only during his absence was the Premier the acting Chairman of the Council.

Until 1963, King Mohammed Zahir Shah appointed his relatives as prime ministers. King Zahir Shah also had the power to dismiss or transfer the Prime Minister.

This was changed, stating that the Head of the Afghan Government was the Prime Minister, and that the government consisted of its ministers. It was the first time that King Zahir Shah did not play an important role in the government, leaving it to an elected authority. However, it also stated that they cannot engage in any other profession during their tenure of office.

The 1964 Constitution also granted the Prime Minister the power to summon the Electoral College in case of the death of the King. The Prime Minister only answered to the Wolesi Jirga about the General Policy of the government, and individually for their prescribed duties.

Democratic Republic[edit]

In April 1978, Mohammed Daoud Khan was killed during a coup that started the Saur Revolution. The People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) revived the office of Prime Minister that year, and it remained throughout the 1980s.

The President was in charge of the appointment of the Prime Minister, who in turn appointed the Council of Ministers. The Council's stated purpose was to formulate and implement domestic and foreign policies, to formulate economic development plans and state budgets, and to ensure public order.

Under the 1987 Constitution, the President was required to appoint the Prime Minister in order to form the Government. The Prime Minister had the power to dissolve the government. Several Afghan presidents during the Democratic Republic era were also appointed as Prime Minister. With the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, the Prime Minister was no longer in charge of the government. The General Secretary of the PDPA or the Director of the KHAD exercised greater power.

Also, the 1990 Constitution established that only Afghan-born citizens are eligible to hold the office, something that was not specified in the previous documents.

Islamic Emirate[edit]

After the collapse of Mohammad Najibullah's government, a transitional state was created. Thus, the office of Prime Minister once again played an important role in the history of the nation.

There was constant friction between the President and the Premier during this period. The State had collapsed and there was not an effective central Government from 1992 until 1996. Thus, the position became de facto ceremonial, with little power in what was left of the Government.

The title was abolished when the Taliban forces of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan took over control in 1996. The Deputy Leader of the Taliban was often known as the Prime Minister throughout its rule. With the death of Rabbani in 2001, the Taliban decided not to revive the office.

Until August 1997, the government which the Taliban had ousted, which remained in rebellion until the end of the Taliban in 2001, had a Prime Minister in the government, but the position was abolished.

Heads of government[edit]

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

# Name Born-Died Took office Left office Political Party
Kingdom of Afghanistan
1 Sardar Shir Ahmad Emblem of Afghanistan (1926-1928).svg c. 1885–? 25 October 1927 January 1929 Independent
Emirate of Afghanistan
2 Shir Giyan Emblem of Afghanistan (1929).svg  ?–1929 January 1929 1 November 1929 Independent
Kingdom of Afghanistan
3 Mohammad Hashim Khan Sardar-Mohammad-Hashim-Khan.tif 1885–1953 1 November 1929 May 1946 Independent
4 Shah Mahmud Khan Shah mahmood.tif 1890–1959 May 1946 7 September 1953 Independent
5 Mohammed Daoud Khan Mohammed-Daoud-Khan.jpg 1909–1978 7 September 1953 10 March 1963 Independent
6 Mohammad Yusuf Emblem of Afghanistan (1931-1973).svg 1917–1998 10 March 1963 2 November 1965 Independent
7 Mohammad Hashim Maiwandwal Emblem of Afghanistan (1931-1973).svg 1919–1973 2 November 1965 11 October 1967 Independent
(until 1966)
Progressive Democratic Party
Abdullah Yaqta1 Emblem of Afghanistan (1931-1973).svg 1914–2003 11 October 1967 1 November 1967 Independent
8 Mohammad Nur Ahmad Etemadi Emblem of Afghanistan (1931-1973).svg 1921–1979 1 November 1967 9 June 1971 Independent
9 Abdul Zahir Emblem of Afghanistan (1931-1973).svg 1910–1983 9 June 1971 12 November 1972 Independent
10 Mohammad Musa Shafiq Mosa Shafiq.jpg 1932–1979 12 November 1972 17 July 1973 Independent
Republic of Afghanistan
Post Abolished (17 July 1973 – 27 April 1978)
Democratic Republic of Afghanistan
11 Nur Muhammad Taraki Nur Muhammad Taraki.JPG 1917–1979 1 May 1978 27 March 1979 People's Democratic Party
(Khalq faction)
12 Hafizullah Amin Hafizullah Amin.jpg 1929–1979 27 March 1979 27 December 1979 People's Democratic Party
(Khalq faction)
13 Babrak Karmal Emblem of Afghanistan (1980-1987).svg 1929–1996 27 December 1979 11 June 1981 People's Democratic Party
(Parcham faction)
14 Sultan Ali Keshtmand Emblem of Afghanistan (1980-1987).svg 1935– 11 June 1981 30 November 1987 People's Democratic Party
(Parcham faction)
Republic of Afghanistan
Sultan Ali Keshtmand Emblem of Afghanistan (1987-1992).svg 1935– 30 November 1987 26 May 1988 People's Democratic Party
(Parcham faction)
15 Mohammad Hasan Sharq Emblem of Afghanistan (1987-1992).svg 1925– 26 May 1988 21 February 1989 Independent
(14) Sultan Ali Keshtmand Emblem of Afghanistan (1987-1992).svg 1935– 21 February 1989 8 May 1990 People's Democratic Party
(Parcham faction)
16 Fazal Haq Khaliqyar Emblem of Afghanistan (1987-1992).svg 1934–2004 8 May 1990 15 April 1992 People's Democratic Party
(Parcham faction)
(until 1990)
Watan Party
Islamic State of Afghanistan
17 Abdul Sabur Farid Kohistani Emblem of Afghanistan (1992-1996).svg 1952–2007 6 July 1992 15 August 1992 Hezb-e Islami Gulbuddin
18 Gulbuddin Hekmatyar Emblem of Afghanistan (1992-1996).svg 1947– 17 June 1993 28 June 1994 Hezb-e Islami Gulbuddin
Arsala Rahmani Daulat2 Emblem of Afghanistan (1992-1996).svg 1937–2012 28 June 1994 1995 Islamic Dawah Organisation
Ahmad Shah Ahmadzai3 Emblem of Afghanistan (1992-1996).svg 1944– 1995 26 June 1996 Islamic Dawah Organisation
(18) Gulbuddin Hekmatyar Emblem of Afghanistan (1992-1996).svg 1947– 26 June 1996 27 September 1996 Hezb-e Islami Gulbuddin
Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan
19 Mullah Mohammad Rabbani Arms of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan.svg 1956–2001 27 September 1996 21 April 2001 Taliban
Mawlawi Abdul Kabir4 Arms of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan.svg 1958/1963– 21 April 2001 13 November 2001 Taliban
Northern Alliance of Afghanistan
I Gulbuddin Hekmatyar Emblem of Afghanistan (1992-1996).svg 1947– 27 September 1996 11 August 1997 Hezb-e Islami Gulbuddin
(Northern Alliance)
II Abdul Rahim Ghafoorzai Emblem of Afghanistan (1992-1996).svg 1947–1997 11 August 1997 21 August 1997 Northern Alliance
III Abdul Ghafoor Ravan Farhâdi Emblem of Afghanistan (1992-1996).svg 1929– 21 August 1997 13 November 2001 Northern Alliance
Islamic Transitional State of Afghanistan
20 Abdul Ghafoor Ravan Farhâdi Emblem of Afghanistan (1992-1996).svg 1929– 13 November 2001 22 December 2001 Northern Alliance
Post Abolished (22 December 2001 – 7 December 2004)
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Post Abolished (7 December 2004 – Present)

Notes[edit]

  1. Abdullah Yaqta was prime minister in an acting capacity.
  2. Arsala Rahmani was prime minister in an acting capacity.
  3. Ahmad Shah Ahmadzai was prime minister in an acting capacity.
  4. Mawlawi Abdul Kabir was prime minister in an acting capacity.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

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