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PM Modi visit Toji Temple with Japan PM Abe
PM Modi visit Toji Temple with Japan PM Abe
::2014/08/30::
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PM Modi with Japanese ceremonial drummers
PM Modi with Japanese ceremonial drummers
::2014/09/01::
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PM Modi being received by the Prime Minister of Japan Shinzo Abe, in Kyoto, Japan
PM Modi being received by the Prime Minister of Japan Shinzo Abe, in Kyoto, Japan
::2014/08/30::
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PM inaugurates TCS Japan Technology&Cultural Academy Soukoukai by beating ceremonial Japanese Drum
PM inaugurates TCS Japan Technology&Cultural Academy Soukoukai by beating ceremonial Japanese Drum
::2014/09/02::
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PM Modi paying homage at Toji Temple with Japan PM Abe
PM Modi paying homage at Toji Temple with Japan PM Abe
::2014/08/30::
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PM Modi
PM Modi's Keynote Address at Business Luncheon in Tokyo, Japan
::2014/08/31::
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PM Modi arrives at Toji Temple with Japan PM Abe
PM Modi arrives at Toji Temple with Japan PM Abe
::2014/08/30::
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PM Modi
PM Modi's Japan visit to deepen defense ties
::2014/08/29::
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PM Narendra Modi Leaves For Japan - India TV
PM Narendra Modi Leaves For Japan - India TV
::2014/08/29::
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Working to inject Japan-like efficiency in PMO: PM Narendra Modi
Working to inject Japan-like efficiency in PMO: PM Narendra Modi
::2014/09/01::
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PM Modi with Japan PM Abe at a private dinner at State Guest House, in Kyoto, Japan
PM Modi with Japan PM Abe at a private dinner at State Guest House, in Kyoto, Japan
::2014/08/30::
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PM Modi arrives in Japan
PM Modi arrives in Japan
::2014/08/30::
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To rejuvenate Indian cities, PM Modi takes first step with Japan
To rejuvenate Indian cities, PM Modi takes first step with Japan
::2014/08/30::
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Japanese Prime Minister
Japanese Prime Minister's speech: The New York Stock Exchange
::2013/11/07::
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Zee Media special: PM Modi
Zee Media special: PM Modi's Japan plan
::2014/08/30::
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Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi live from Tokyo,Japan
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi live from Tokyo,Japan
::2014/09/02::
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PM Modi addressing at the inauguration of the TCS Japan Technology and Cultural Academy
PM Modi addressing at the inauguration of the TCS Japan Technology and Cultural Academy
::2014/09/02::
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Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi's Jungalbandi with Japanese drummer in Tokyo, Japan
::2014/09/02::
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Japanese  Prime Minister  arrives in Moscow for rare visit
Japanese Prime Minister arrives in Moscow for rare visit
::2013/04/28::
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PM Modi & Japan PM Abe, fish feeding at State Guest House, in Kyoto, Japan
PM Modi & Japan PM Abe, fish feeding at State Guest House, in Kyoto, Japan
::2014/08/30::
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President Barack Obama eat sushi with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe
President Barack Obama eat sushi with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe
::2014/04/25::
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Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Prime Minister Narendra Modi's day 4 in Japan
::2014/09/02::
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PM Narendra Modi Beats Taiko Drums in Japan - TV9
PM Narendra Modi Beats Taiko Drums in Japan - TV9
::2014/09/02::
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Japan
Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe visits ANU
::2014/07/08::
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Prime Minister Narendra Modi addresses Japan
Prime Minister Narendra Modi addresses Japan's industry leaders
::2014/09/02::
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Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi live from Tokyo,Japan
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi live from Tokyo,Japan
::2014/09/02::
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President Obama
President Obama's Bilateral Meeting with Prime Minister Abe of Japan
::2013/02/22::
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President Bush meets with Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi
President Bush meets with Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi
::2010/11/02::
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PM Narendra Modi arrives in Japan
PM Narendra Modi arrives in Japan
::2014/08/30::
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PM Modi at the Kinkaku-ji Temple in Kyoto
PM Modi at the Kinkaku-ji Temple in Kyoto
::2014/08/30::
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President Obama Holds a Press Conference with Prime Minister Abe of Japan
President Obama Holds a Press Conference with Prime Minister Abe of Japan
::2014/04/24::
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Watch: Different shades of PM Modi in Japan
Watch: Different shades of PM Modi in Japan
::2014/09/02::
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Indian Business Man Reaction On Prime Minister Tour To Japan
Indian Business Man Reaction On Prime Minister Tour To Japan
::2014/09/01::
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Prime Minister Narendra Modi live from Tokyo, Japan
Prime Minister Narendra Modi live from Tokyo, Japan
::2014/09/01::
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Raw: Prime Minister at Japan Landslide Site
Raw: Prime Minister at Japan Landslide Site
::2014/08/25::
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Prime Minister Narendra Modi arrives in Japan
Prime Minister Narendra Modi arrives in Japan
::2014/08/30::
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Prime Minister Narendra Modi Addresses Japan Chamber of Commerce and Industry in Tokyo - TV9
Prime Minister Narendra Modi Addresses Japan Chamber of Commerce and Industry in Tokyo - TV9
::2014/09/01::
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What Is Prime Minister Narendra Modi Mission Japan
What Is Prime Minister Narendra Modi Mission Japan
::2014/09/01::
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PM Shri Narendra Modi addressing Indian Community in Japan
PM Shri Narendra Modi addressing Indian Community in Japan
::2014/09/02::
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PM meets the President of Democratic Party of Japan, Banri Keida in Tokyo
PM meets the President of Democratic Party of Japan, Banri Keida in Tokyo
::2014/09/01::
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Prime Minister Modi Grand Welcome At Akasaka Palace Japan
Prime Minister Modi Grand Welcome At Akasaka Palace Japan
::2014/09/01::
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PM Modi & Japan PM Abe at the signing of the Varanasi-Kyoto Partner City Agreement in Kyoto, Japan
PM Modi & Japan PM Abe at the signing of the Varanasi-Kyoto Partner City Agreement in Kyoto, Japan
::2014/08/30::
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DNA: Analysis of PM Narendra Modi
DNA: Analysis of PM Narendra Modi's Japan plan
::2014/08/29::
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Japan
Japan's prime Minister & the Toyota FCV
::2014/08/08::
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Welcome Ceremony in Honor of HE Shinzo Abe, Prime Minister of Japan 7/27/2013
Welcome Ceremony in Honor of HE Shinzo Abe, Prime Minister of Japan 7/27/2013
::2013/07/28::
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PM Modi departs for Japan
PM Modi departs for Japan
::2014/08/29::
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Prime Minister of Japan Shinzo Abe Visits the NYSE
Prime Minister of Japan Shinzo Abe Visits the NYSE
::2013/09/25::
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PM Narendra Modi inaugurating the TCS Japan Technology and Culture Academy, Tokyo
PM Narendra Modi inaugurating the TCS Japan Technology and Culture Academy, Tokyo
::2014/09/02::
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Bad Sushi
Bad Sushi
::2006/07/23::
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PM Modi & Japan PM Signing the Agreements
PM Modi & Japan PM Signing the Agreements
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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For a complete list of office holders, see List of Prime Ministers of Japan.
Prime Minister of Japan
内閣総理大臣
Emblem of the Prime Minister of Japan.svg
Official Emblem of the Prime Minister of Japan
Shinzō Abe April 2014.jpg
Incumbent
Shinzō Abe

since 26 December 2012
Style His Excellency
Residence Kantei
Appointer The Emperor
Term length Since 1947: Four years or less. (The Cabinet shall resign en masse after a general election of members of the House of Representatives. Their term of office is four years and can be terminated earlier. No limits are imposed on total times or length of Prime Minister tenures of the same person.) The Prime Minister is, by convention, the leader of the victorious party, though some prime ministers have been elected who were from junior coalition partners or minority parties.
Inaugural holder Itō Hirobumi
Formation 22 December 1885
Website www.kantei.go.jp
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Japan

The Prime Minister of Japan (内閣総理大臣 Naikaku-sōri-daijin?) is the head of government of Japan. He is appointed by the Emperor of Japan after being designated by the Diet from among its members and must enjoy the confidence of the House of Representatives to remain in office. He is the head of the Cabinet and appoints and dismisses the Ministers of State; the literal translation of the Japanese name for the office is Minister for the Comprehensive Administration of the Cabinet or Minister who Presides over the Cabinet.

The office was created in 1885,[1] four years before the enactment of the Meiji Constitution which mentions neither cabinet nor prime minister explicitly.[2][3] It took its current form with the adoption of the current constitution in 1947.

The current Prime Minister is Shinzō Abe, who took office on 26 December 2012. He is the first former Prime Minister to resume the office since 1948.

Appointment[edit]

The Prime Minister is designated by both houses of the Diet, before the conduct of any other business. For that purpose, each conducts a ballot under the run-off system. If the two houses choose different individuals, then a joint committee of both houses is appointed to agree on a common candidate. Ultimately, however, if the two houses do not agree within ten days, the decision of the House of Representatives is deemed to be that of the Diet. Therefore, the House of Representatives can theoretically ensure the appointment of any Prime Minister it wishes.[4] The candidate is then presented with their commission, and formally appointed to office by the Emperor.[5]

Qualifications[edit]

Role[edit]

Constitutional roles[edit]

  • Exercises "control and supervision" over the entire executive branch.[6]
  • Presents bills to the Diet on behalf of the Cabinet.[7]
  • Signs laws and Cabinet orders (along with other members of the Cabinet).[8]
  • Appoints all Cabinet ministers, and can dismiss them at any time.[9]
  • May permit legal action to be taken against Cabinet ministers.[10]
  • Must make reports on domestic and foreign relations to the Diet.[7]
  • Must report to the Diet upon demand to provide answers or explanations.[11]
  • May dissolve the Diet's House of Representatives.[12]

Statutory roles[edit]

  • Presides over meetings of the Cabinet.[13]
  • Commander in chief of the Japan Self-Defense Forces.[14]
  • May override a court injunction against an administrative act upon showing of cause.[15]

Insignia[edit]

Official office and residence[edit]

Kantei, the Office of the Prime Minister

The Office of the Prime Minister of Japan is called the Kantei (官邸). The original Kantei served from 1929 until 2002, when a new building was inaugurated to serve as the current Kantei.[16] The old Kantei was then converted into the Official Residence, or Kōtei (公邸).[17] The Kōtei lies to the southwest of the Kantei, and is linked by a walkway.[17]

Honours and emoluments[edit]

Until the mid-1930s, the Prime Minister of Japan was normally granted a hereditary peerage (kazoku) prior to leaving office if he had not already been ennobled. Titles were usually bestowed in the ranks of count, viscount or baron, depending on the relative accomplishments and status of the Prime Minister. The two highest ranks, marquess and prince, were only bestowed upon highly distinguished statesmen, and were not granted to a Prime Minister after 1928. The last Prime Minister who was a peer was Baron Kijuro Shidehara, who served as Prime Minister from October 1945 to May 1946. The peerage was abolished when the Constitution of Japan came into effect in May 1947.

Certain eminent Prime Ministers have been awarded the Order of the Chrysanthemum, typically in the degree of Grand Cordon. The highest honour in the Japanese honours system, the Collar of the Order of the Chrysanthemum, has only been conferred upon select Prime Ministers and eminent statesmen; the last such award to a living Prime Minister was to Saionji Kinmochi in 1928. More often, the Order of the Chrysanthemum has been a posthumous distinction; the Collar of the order was last awarded posthumously to former Prime Minister Sato Eisaku in June 1975. The Grand Cordon has typically been posthumously awarded; the most recent such award was to Hashimoto Ryutaro in July 2006. Currently, Nakasone Yasuhiro is the only living former Prime Minister to hold the Grand Cordon of the Order of the Chrysanthemum, which he received in 1997.

After relinquishing office, the Prime Minister is normally accorded the second or senior third rank in the court order of precedence, and is usually raised to the senior second rank posthumously. Certain distinguished Prime Ministers have been posthumously raised to the first rank; the last such award was to Sato Eisaku in 1975. Since the 1920s, following their tenure in office, Prime Ministers have typically been conferred with the Grand Cordon of the Order of the Paulownia Flowers (until 2003 a special higher class of the Order of the Rising Sun), depending on tenure and eminence. However, honours may be withheld due to misconduct or refusal on the part of the Prime Minister (for example, Kiichi Miyazawa).

List of Living Former Prime Ministers[edit]

Name Term of office Dates of birth
Yasuhiro Nakasone 1982–1987 (1918-05-27) 27 May 1918 (age 96)
Toshiki Kaifu 1989–1991 (1931-01-02) 2 January 1931 (age 83)
Morihiro Hosokawa 1993–1994 (1938-01-14) 14 January 1938 (age 76)
Tsutomu Hata 1994 (1935-08-24) 24 August 1935 (age 79)
Tomiichi Murayama 1994–1996 (1924-03-03) 3 March 1924 (age 90)
Yoshirō Mori 2000–2001 (1937-07-14) 14 July 1937 (age 77)
Junichiro Koizumi 2001–2006 (1942-01-08) 8 January 1942 (age 72)
Yasuo Fukuda 2007–2008 (1936-07-16) 16 July 1936 (age 78)
Taro Aso 2008–2009 (1940-09-20) 20 September 1940 (age 73)
Yukio Hatoyama 2009–2010 (1947-02-11) 11 February 1947 (age 67)
Naoto Kan 2010–2011 (1946-10-10) 10 October 1946 (age 67)
Yoshihiko Noda 2011–2012 (1957-05-20) 20 May 1957 (age 57)

Lists of Prime Ministers of Japan[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Legal framework for Prime Minister and Cabinet in the Empire: Dajōkan proclamation No. 69 of December 22, 1885 (内閣職権, naikaku shokken), later replaced by Imperial edict No. 135 of 1889 (内閣官制, naikaku kansei) in effect until 1947
  2. ^ Article 55 of the Imperial Constitution only bound the ministers of state, i.e. all members of the cabinet including the prime minister, to "give their advice to the Emperor and be responsible for it."
  3. ^ Kantei: Cabinet System of Japan
  4. ^ Article 67 of the Constitution of Japan
  5. ^ Article 6 of the Constitution of Japan
  6. ^ Article 5 of the Constitution of Japan
  7. ^ a b Article 72 of the Constitution of Japan
  8. ^ Article 74 of the Constitution of Japan
  9. ^ Article 68 of the Constitution of Japan
  10. ^ Article 75 of the Constitution of Japan
  11. ^ Article 63 of the Constitution of Japan
  12. ^ Article 7 of the Constitution of Japan
  13. ^ Cabinet Act2012, article 4
  14. ^ Self-Defense Forces Act of 1954
  15. ^ Administrative Litigation Act, article 27
  16. ^ Nakata, Hiroko (6 March 2007). "The prime minister's official hub". The Japan Times Online (The Japan Times). Retrieved 21 October 2007. 
  17. ^ a b "A virtual tour of the former Kantei – Annex etc. – The Residential Area". Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved 21 October 2007. 
  • Kenkyusha's New Japanese-English Dictionary, Kenkyusha Limited, Tokyo 1991, ISBN 4-7674-2015-6

External links[edit]

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