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Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe Address to Joint Meeting of Congress
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe Address to Joint Meeting of Congress
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Prime Minister Shinzo Abe of Japan
Prime Minister Shinzo Abe of Japan's Address to a Joint Meeting of Congress
DATE: 2015/04/29::
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The President and Prime Minister of Japan Hold a Joint Press Conference
The President and Prime Minister of Japan Hold a Joint Press Conference
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President Obama thanks Japan
President Obama thanks Japan's prime minister for karaoke, anime and emoji | Mashable
DATE: 2015/04/28::
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Obama and Japanese prime minister deliver toast at state dinner
Obama and Japanese prime minister deliver toast at state dinner
DATE: 2015/04/28::
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THIS IS AMERICA VISITS JAPAN, Pt. I: Prime Minister Shinzo Abe (Japan)
THIS IS AMERICA VISITS JAPAN, Pt. I: Prime Minister Shinzo Abe (Japan)
DATE: 2014/04/30::
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President Obama
President Obama's Bilateral Meeting with Prime Minister Abe of Japan
DATE: 2013/02/22::
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A public address by Shinzo Abe, Prime Minister of Japan | Institute of Politics
A public address by Shinzo Abe, Prime Minister of Japan | Institute of Politics
DATE: 2015/04/28::
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Obama’s state dinner for the prime minister of Japan, Abe
Obama’s state dinner for the prime minister of Japan, Abe
DATE: 2015/04/29::
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PM Modi being received by the Prime Minister of Japan Shinzo Abe, in Kyoto, Japan
PM Modi being received by the Prime Minister of Japan Shinzo Abe, in Kyoto, Japan
DATE: 2014/08/30::
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President Barack Obama eat sushi with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe
President Barack Obama eat sushi with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe
DATE: 2014/04/25::
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Japanese prime minister touts innovation links to Stanford, Silicon Valley
Japanese prime minister touts innovation links to Stanford, Silicon Valley
DATE: 2015/05/01::
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Statements by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzō Abe
Statements by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzō Abe
DATE: 2015/01/20::
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Enraged S.Korea protesters behead effigy of Japan Prime Minister
Enraged S.Korea protesters behead effigy of Japan Prime Minister
DATE: 2015/04/01::
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Welcome Ceremony in Honor of HE Shinzo Abe, Prime Minister of Japan 7/27/2013
Welcome Ceremony in Honor of HE Shinzo Abe, Prime Minister of Japan 7/27/2013
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Bad Sushi
Bad Sushi
DATE: 2006/07/23::
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Prime Minister Shinzo Abe Keynote Address / 安倍内閣総理大臣によるスピーチ
Prime Minister Shinzo Abe Keynote Address / 安倍内閣総理大臣によるスピーチ
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japan prime minister is a Muslim?日本の首相は、イスラム教徒である?رئيس وزراء اليابان هو مسلم؟
japan prime minister is a Muslim?日本の首相は、イスラム教徒である?رئيس وزراء اليابان هو مسلم؟
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Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe visits US
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe visits US
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Japanese Prime Minister Shinzō Abe arrives in Germany, Berlin
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzō Abe arrives in Germany, Berlin
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President Obama And Japan
President Obama And Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe Hold Joint News Conference
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OBAMA Tells Japan
OBAMA Tells Japan's Prime Minister That Us Cool Kids Love KARAOKE, MANGA, and ANIME!
DATE: 2015/04/29::
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Japanese Prime Minister
Japanese Prime Minister's speech: The New York Stock Exchange
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USA: Obama welcomes Japan
USA: Obama welcomes Japan's Abe to White House, thanks him for emojis
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PM Modi
PM Modi's Japan visit to deepen defense ties
DATE: 2014/08/29::
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Japan Official Visit Arrival Ceremony
Japan Official Visit Arrival Ceremony
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Japan
Japan's Prime Minister Test Drives Toyota's Fuel Cell Sedan
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Japan
Japan's Prime Minister Tests A Tesla, Gives Speech At Stanford
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Security Policy: Japan PM visits US to boost military
Security Policy: Japan PM visits US to boost military
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World Leaders Forum: Shinzo Abe, Prime Minister of Japan
World Leaders Forum: Shinzo Abe, Prime Minister of Japan
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Davos 2014 - The Reshaping of the World  Vision from Japan
Davos 2014 - The Reshaping of the World Vision from Japan
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President Obama Holds a Press Conference with Prime Minister Abe of Japan
President Obama Holds a Press Conference with Prime Minister Abe of Japan
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Motorcade of the Prime Minister of Japan in Canberra
Motorcade of the Prime Minister of Japan in Canberra
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Tesla CEO Elon Musk Takes Japan
Tesla CEO Elon Musk Takes Japan's Shinzo Abe for a Ride in Model S
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Japanese Prime Minister at Arlington National Cemetery
Japanese Prime Minister at Arlington National Cemetery
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Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Prime Minister Narendra Modi's day 4 in Japan
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Pres. Aquino
Pres. Aquino's and Japan Prime Minister Abe discussed West Philippine Sea issue
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NATO Secretary General and Prime Minister of Japan - Joint Press Point
NATO Secretary General and Prime Minister of Japan - Joint Press Point
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Naoto KAN, Former Prime Minister of Japan
Naoto KAN, Former Prime Minister of Japan
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Prime Minister of Japan Shinzo Abe Visits the NYSE
Prime Minister of Japan Shinzo Abe Visits the NYSE
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PM Modi & Japan PM Abe, fish feeding at State Guest House, in Kyoto, Japan
PM Modi & Japan PM Abe, fish feeding at State Guest House, in Kyoto, Japan
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Japanese Prime Minister
Japanese Prime Minister's Speech: The 68th session of the UN General Assembly
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(video) Cambodia Japan The visit Prime Minister Shinzo ABE (Tvk 16 nov.2013)
(video) Cambodia Japan The visit Prime Minister Shinzo ABE (Tvk 16 nov.2013)
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Official Visit of H.E. Shinzō Abe, Prime Minister of Japan
Official Visit of H.E. Shinzō Abe, Prime Minister of Japan
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New Prime Minister of Japan, Naoto Kan
New Prime Minister of Japan, Naoto Kan
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安倍総理大臣の車列 銀座 motorcade of Japanese prime minister Shinzo Abe 2013
安倍総理大臣の車列 銀座 motorcade of Japanese prime minister Shinzo Abe 2013
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Japan
Japan's Prime Minister: Islamic State execution video likely to be authentic
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Japan Prime Minister Shinzo Abe arrival for G7 Summit 2015 Germany Boeing 747-47C 20-1102
Japan Prime Minister Shinzo Abe arrival for G7 Summit 2015 Germany Boeing 747-47C 20-1102
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President Obama and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe speech White House
President Obama and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe speech White House
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Japan
Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe Visits Silicon Valley: Bottom Line | CNBC
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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For a complete list of office holders, see List of Prime Ministers of Japan.
Prime Minister of Japan
内閣総理大臣
Emblem of the Prime Minister of Japan.svg
Official Emblem of the Prime Minister of Japan
Shinzō Abe.jpg
Incumbent
Shinzō Abe

since December 22, 2012
Style His Excellency
Residence Kantei
Appointer HIM The Emperor
Term length Since 1947: Four years or less. (The Cabinet shall resign en masse after a general election of members of the House of Representatives. Their term of office is four years which can be terminated earlier. No limits are imposed on the number of terms or tenures the Prime Minister may hold.) The Prime Minister is, by convention, the leader of the victorious party, though some prime ministers have been elected from junior coalition partners or minority parties.
Inaugural holder Itō Hirobumi
Formation December 22, 1885
Website www.kantei.go.jp
Imperial Seal of Japan.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Japan

The Prime Minister of Japan (内閣総理大臣 Naikaku-sōri-daijin?) is the head of government of Japan. He is appointed by the Emperor of Japan after being designated by the National Diet and must enjoy the confidence of the House of Representatives to remain in office. He is the head of the Cabinet and appoints and dismisses the Ministers of State; the literal translation of the Japanese name for the office is Minister for the Comprehensive Administration of the Cabinet or Minister who Presides over the Cabinet.

The office was created in 1885,[1] four years before the enactment of the Meiji Constitution which mentions neither cabinet nor prime minister explicitly.[2][3] It took its current form with the adoption of the current constitution in 1947.

The current Prime Minister is Shinzō Abe, who took office on December 26, 2012. He is the first former Prime Minister to resume the office since 1948.

Appointment[edit]

The Prime Minister is designated by both houses of the Diet, before the conduct of any other business. For that purpose, each conducts a ballot under the run-off system. If the two houses choose different individuals, then a joint committee of both houses is appointed to agree on a common candidate. Ultimately, however, if the two houses do not agree within ten days, the decision of the House of Representatives is deemed to be that of the Diet. Therefore, the House of Representatives can theoretically ensure the appointment of any Prime Minister it wishes.[4] The candidate is then presented with their commission, and formally appointed to office by the Emperor.[5]

Qualifications[edit]

Role[edit]

Constitutional roles[edit]

  • Exercises "control and supervision" over the entire executive branch.[6]
  • Presents bills to the Diet on behalf of the Cabinet.[7]
  • Signs laws and Cabinet orders (along with other members of the Cabinet).[8]
  • Appoints all Cabinet ministers, and can dismiss them at any time.[9]
  • May permit legal action to be taken against Cabinet ministers.[10]
  • Must make reports on domestic and foreign relations to the Diet.[7]
  • Must report to the Diet upon demand to provide answers or explanations.[11]
  • May advice the Emperor to dissolve the Diet's House of Representatives.[12]

Statutory roles[edit]

  • Presides over meetings of the Cabinet.[13]
  • Commander in chief of the Japan Self-Defense Forces.[14]
  • May override a court injunction against an administrative act upon showing of cause.[15]

Insignia[edit]

Official office and residence[edit]

Located near the Diet building, the Office of the Prime Minister of Japan is called the Kantei (官邸). The original Kantei served from 1929 until 2002, when a new building was inaugurated to serve as the current Kantei.[16] The old Kantei was then converted into the Official Residence, or Kōtei (公邸).[17] The Kōtei lies to the southwest of the Kantei, and is linked by a walkway.[17]

Honours and emoluments[edit]

Until the mid-1930s, the Prime Minister of Japan was normally granted a hereditary peerage (kazoku) prior to leaving office if he had not already been ennobled. Titles were usually bestowed in the ranks of count, viscount or baron, depending on the relative accomplishments and status of the Prime Minister. The two highest ranks, marquess and prince, were only bestowed upon highly distinguished statesmen, and were not granted to a Prime Minister after 1928. The last Prime Minister who was a peer was Baron Kijuro Shidehara, who served as Prime Minister from October 1945 to May 1946. The peerage was abolished when the Constitution of Japan came into effect in May 1947.

Certain eminent Prime Ministers have been awarded the Order of the Chrysanthemum, typically in the degree of Grand Cordon. The highest honour in the Japanese honours system, the Collar of the Order of the Chrysanthemum, has only been conferred upon select Prime Ministers and eminent statesmen; the last such award to a living Prime Minister was to Saionji Kinmochi in 1928. More often, the Order of the Chrysanthemum has been a posthumous distinction; the Collar of the order was last awarded posthumously to former Prime Minister Sato Eisaku in June 1975. The Grand Cordon has typically been posthumously awarded; the most recent such award was to Hashimoto Ryutaro in July 2006. Currently, Nakasone Yasuhiro is the only living former Prime Minister to hold the Grand Cordon of the Order of the Chrysanthemum, which he received in 1997.

After relinquishing office, the Prime Minister is normally accorded the second or senior third rank in the court order of precedence, and is usually raised to the senior second rank posthumously. Certain distinguished Prime Ministers have been posthumously raised to the first rank; the last such award was to Sato Eisaku in 1975. Since the 1920s, following their tenure in office, Prime Ministers have typically been conferred with the Grand Cordon of the Order of the Paulownia Flowers (until 2003 a special higher class of the Order of the Rising Sun), depending on tenure and eminence. However, honours may be withheld due to misconduct or refusal on the part of the Prime Minister (for example, Kiichi Miyazawa).

List of living former Prime Ministers[edit]

Name Term of office Dates of birth
Yasuhiro Nakasone 1982–1987 (1918-05-27) May 27, 1918 (age 97)
Toshiki Kaifu 1989–1991 (1931-01-02) January 2, 1931 (age 84)
Morihiro Hosokawa 1993–1994 (1938-01-14) January 14, 1938 (age 77)
Tsutomu Hata 1994 (1935-08-24) August 24, 1935 (age 79)
Tomiichi Murayama 1994–1996 (1924-03-03) March 3, 1924 (age 91)
Yoshirō Mori 2000–2001 (1937-07-14) July 14, 1937 (age 77)
Junichiro Koizumi 2001–2006 (1942-01-08) January 8, 1942 (age 73)
Yasuo Fukuda 2007–2008 (1936-07-16) July 16, 1936 (age 78)
Taro Aso 2008–2009 (1940-09-20) September 20, 1940 (age 74)
Yukio Hatoyama 2009–2010 (1947-02-11) February 11, 1947 (age 68)
Naoto Kan 2010–2011 (1946-10-10) October 10, 1946 (age 68)
Yoshihiko Noda 2011–2012 (1957-05-20) May 20, 1957 (age 58)

Lists of Prime Ministers of Japan[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Legal framework for Prime Minister and Cabinet in the Empire: Dajōkan proclamation No. 69 of December 22, 1885 (内閣職権, naikaku shokken), later replaced by Imperial edict No. 135 of 1889 (内閣官制, naikaku kansei) in effect until 1947
  2. ^ Article 55 of the Imperial Constitution only bound the ministers of state, i.e. all members of the cabinet including the prime minister, to "give their advice to the Emperor and be responsible for it."
  3. ^ Kantei: Cabinet System of Japan
  4. ^ Article 67 of the Constitution of Japan
  5. ^ Article 6 of the Constitution of Japan
  6. ^ Article 5 of the Constitution of Japan
  7. ^ a b Article 72 of the Constitution of Japan
  8. ^ Article 74 of the Constitution of Japan
  9. ^ Article 68 of the Constitution of Japan
  10. ^ Article 75 of the Constitution of Japan
  11. ^ Article 63 of the Constitution of Japan
  12. ^ Article 7 of the Constitution of Japan
  13. ^ Cabinet Act2012, article 4
  14. ^ Self-Defense Forces Act of 1954
  15. ^ Administrative Litigation Act, article 27
  16. ^ Nakata, Hiroko (March 6, 2007). "The prime minister's official hub". The Japan Times Online (The Japan Times). Retrieved October 21, 2007. 
  17. ^ a b "A virtual tour of the former Kantei – Annex etc. – The Residential Area". Prime Minister of Japan. Retrieved October 21, 2007. 
  • Kenkyusha's New Japanese-English Dictionary, Kenkyusha Limited, Tokyo 1991, ISBN 4-7674-2015-6

External links[edit]

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