Play Video
1
Bharat Ek Khoj  Episode 24 The Delhi Sultanate and Prithviraj Raso Part 1
Bharat Ek Khoj Episode 24 The Delhi Sultanate and Prithviraj Raso Part 1
::2013/01/01::
Play Video
2
"WHEN MOHD.GAURI WAS KILLED BY BLIND PRITHVIRAJ CHAUHAN
"WHEN MOHD.GAURI WAS KILLED BY BLIND PRITHVIRAJ CHAUHAN'S SHABD BHEDI BAARN"
::2009/04/14::
Play Video
3
Bharat Ek Khoj  Episode 25  The Delhi Sultanate and Prithviraj Raso Part 2
Bharat Ek Khoj Episode 25 The Delhi Sultanate and Prithviraj Raso Part 2
::2013/01/01::
Play Video
4
Latest Hindi Bhajan | Jai Jai Prithviraj Chauhan [Hindi Bhajan] by Mahendra Singh Rathore
Latest Hindi Bhajan | Jai Jai Prithviraj Chauhan [Hindi Bhajan] by Mahendra Singh Rathore
::2011/11/02::
Play Video
5
Dharti Ka Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan - Episode 382 : Prithviraj kills Mohammed Ghori
Dharti Ka Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan - Episode 382 : Prithviraj kills Mohammed Ghori
::2013/03/22::
Play Video
6
Who wrote the book of prithviraj raso?
Who wrote the book of prithviraj raso?
::2013/12/27::
Play Video
7
Blind King PrithiviRaj Chauhan  V/s Muhammad Ghori ( Afgani Pig )
Blind King PrithiviRaj Chauhan V/s Muhammad Ghori ( Afgani Pig )
::2013/06/23::
Play Video
8
14th Chhattisgarh Hindi Sahitya Parishad State Adhiveshan
14th Chhattisgarh Hindi Sahitya Parishad State Adhiveshan
::2014/06/26::
Play Video
9
PRITHVIRAJ CHAUHAN HISTORY IN HINDI - वीर योद्धा पृथ्वीराज चौहान
PRITHVIRAJ CHAUHAN HISTORY IN HINDI - वीर योद्धा पृथ्वीराज चौहान
::2014/06/06::
Play Video
10
How Prithviraj Chauhan Killed Muhammad Ghori
How Prithviraj Chauhan Killed Muhammad Ghori
::2013/11/11::
Play Video
11
Dharti Ka Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan - Episode 169 : Prithviraj kills Bhimdev in the battle
Dharti Ka Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan - Episode 169 : Prithviraj kills Bhimdev in the battle
::2013/03/14::
Play Video
12
What can Raso Solutions do for your business?
What can Raso Solutions do for your business?
::2013/09/23::
Play Video
13
Dharti Ka Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan - Episode 177 : Anangpal elevates Prithviraj as his successor of Delhi
Dharti Ka Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan - Episode 177 : Anangpal elevates Prithviraj as his successor of Delhi
::2013/03/14::
Play Video
14
Dharti Ka Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan - Episode 291 : Prithviraj kills the Indian kings
Dharti Ka Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan - Episode 291 : Prithviraj kills the Indian kings
::2013/03/14::
Play Video
15
Short stories: Prithviraj Chauhan - Capture of Prithviraj - Stories for Children
Short stories: Prithviraj Chauhan - Capture of Prithviraj - Stories for Children
::2014/01/20::
Play Video
16
Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan
Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan
::2012/08/07::
Play Video
17
AoE II: HD - Prithviraj - Battles of Tarain
AoE II: HD - Prithviraj - Battles of Tarain
::2014/06/02::
Play Video
18
YouTube   Prithviraj Chauhan 19th May 07 Part 2
YouTube Prithviraj Chauhan 19th May 07 Part 2
::2012/12/03::
Play Video
19
Prithviraj Chauhan vs Muhammad Ghauri : First Battle of Tarain
Prithviraj Chauhan vs Muhammad Ghauri : First Battle of Tarain
::2011/09/04::
Play Video
20
Short stories: Prithviraj Chauhan - Jaichand Prithviraj
Short stories: Prithviraj Chauhan - Jaichand Prithviraj's Enemy - Stories for kids
::2014/01/17::
Play Video
21
Raso 2
Raso 2
::2014/04/23::
Play Video
22
Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan
Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan
::2012/08/20::
Play Video
23
Resham Ka Rumal Liyeh ,Mein Delhi Ka Surma Lagakeh, Kab Seh Khadhi Hun Darwaze Peh !
Resham Ka Rumal Liyeh ,Mein Delhi Ka Surma Lagakeh, Kab Seh Khadhi Hun Darwaze Peh !
::2011/11/26::
Play Video
24
Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan - Part 1 - Tamil
Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan - Part 1 - Tamil
::2013/06/14::
Play Video
25
anas rashid prithviraj chauhan 15th march 2009 part 2 last episode reg 51972
anas rashid prithviraj chauhan 15th march 2009 part 2 last episode reg 51972
::2013/01/20::
Play Video
26
Prithviraj chauhan save sanyogita by Sachin pandey
Prithviraj chauhan save sanyogita by Sachin pandey
::2012/09/28::
Play Video
27
2 of 3   S  Prithviraj, K  P  Jayashree, Old is Gold store for senior citizens
2 of 3 S Prithviraj, K P Jayashree, Old is Gold store for senior citizens
::2014/02/15::
Play Video
28
Watch Videos Online   Prithviraj 22nd Feb09 PART 3
Watch Videos Online Prithviraj 22nd Feb09 PART 3
::2013/01/21::
Play Video
29
Raso
Raso's Song - End Of The Night Version
::2011/07/13::
Play Video
30
AAPKE NALAIN KA ....................BY HASSAN-E-HOUSTON SAYYEDI AYAZ MUFTI
AAPKE NALAIN KA ....................BY HASSAN-E-HOUSTON SAYYEDI AYAZ MUFTI
::2013/11/07::
Play Video
31
Negarish 6 July 2014 Part 1
Negarish 6 July 2014 Part 1
::2014/07/07::
Play Video
32
RE Aurangzeb
RE Aurangzeb
::2012/12/29::
Play Video
33
Prithviraj Chauhan Faisal Younas
Prithviraj Chauhan Faisal Younas
::2012/06/24::
Play Video
34
Vaish Federation (Together we can change the world)
Vaish Federation (Together we can change the world)
::2012/09/29::
Play Video
35
story in stones, Qutub Complex AV
story in stones, Qutub Complex AV
::2013/06/11::
Play Video
36
eps 24 prt1
eps 24 prt1
::2013/12/08::
Play Video
37
Bharat Ek Khoj   Episode 08   Ramayana Part 2
Bharat Ek Khoj Episode 08 Ramayana Part 2
::2014/01/31::
Play Video
38
Chetran Shivaji 3rd Birthday 19th Feb
Chetran Shivaji 3rd Birthday 19th Feb
::2013/02/27::
Play Video
39
Mufti Zar Wali Khan   Uloom o Muarif Surat Al Fatiha
Mufti Zar Wali Khan Uloom o Muarif Surat Al Fatiha
::2013/12/20::
Play Video
40
Bharat Vs India Part-1
Bharat Vs India Part-1
::2013/04/03::
Play Video
41
Ek Bharat
Ek Bharat
::2009/04/29::
Play Video
42
Sachin Tilak from Indore shares his experience
Sachin Tilak from Indore shares his experience
::2013/12/06::
Play Video
43
Altamash khan The golden voice of MALWA
Altamash khan The golden voice of MALWA
::2011/12/01::
Play Video
44
Rajput king 11 Cricket club part 1
Rajput king 11 Cricket club part 1
::2012/07/19::
Play Video
45
Aggan - Episode 18
Aggan - Episode 18
::2013/02/17::
Play Video
46
Brass Tacks
Brass Tacks
::2010/10/04::
Play Video
47
Cholas
Cholas
::2013/06/07::
Play Video
48
Sedona Center of Vedic Culture 2013-03-12 Tuesday Class and Prasadam Feast
Sedona Center of Vedic Culture 2013-03-12 Tuesday Class and Prasadam Feast
::2013/03/15::
Play Video
49
BRUNO AYMONE CHANNEL - BHAGAVAT SWAMI CONFERENCE FOR THE VEDIC CULTURE HISTORICAL LIBRARY (6) -
BRUNO AYMONE CHANNEL - BHAGAVAT SWAMI CONFERENCE FOR THE VEDIC CULTURE HISTORICAL LIBRARY (6) -
::2013/03/03::
Play Video
50
Playing in Makeup
Playing in Makeup
::2013/12/28::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Prithviraj Raso (Hindi: पृथ्वीराज रासो, Rajasthani: पिरथबीराज रासो) or Prithvirajaraso, is an epic poem composed by court poet, Chand Bardai, on the life of Prithviraj III, a Chauhan king who ruled Ajmer and Delhi between 1165 and 1191. Chand Bardai claimed to be contemporary of Prithviraj Chauhan.

The Prithviraj Raso is a semi-historical, semi-legendary account that depicts the bravery of Prithviraj Chauhan. The legend exaggerates the historical events for dramatic effects. Its historicity is considered unreliable by historians.[1]

The text[edit]

Author[edit]

According to tradition, the Prithviraj Raso was composed by Chand Bardai, Prithviraj's court poet (raj kavi[2]), who accompanied the king in all his battles, and completed by Bardai's son Jalhana.[3] As court poet, Chand Bardai had the traditional occupation of composing poems and ballads in praise of his patron and based loosely on historical incident.

Versions and later embellishments[edit]

Over time, the Prithviraj Raso was embellished with the interpolations and additions of many other authors. Only a small portion of the existing texts is likely to have been part of the original version. Several versions of the Prithivraj Raso are available, but scholars agree that a small 1300-stanza manuscript in Bikaner is closest to the original text. The longest available version is the Udaipur manuscript, which is an epic with 16,306 stanzas. The language of the texts available today largely appears to be post-15th century and to be based upon the seventeenth-century compilation of Amar Singh of Mewar.[3]

Significance and historical veracity[edit]

Many events and battle details narrated in Prithviraj Raso do not agree with other contemporary accounts found in both Hindu and Muslim sources (See Battle of Tarain).

While not strictly history,[4] the Prithviraj Raso is a source of information on the social and clan structure of the Kshattriya communities of northern India.[5]

Biography according to Prithviraj Raso[edit]

According to the epic poem or ballad, Prithviraj was a king, who, after ceaseless military campaigns, extended his original kingdom of Sambhar (Shakambara) in present-day Rajasthan to cover Rajasthan, Gujarat and eastern Punjab. He ruled from his twin capitals of Delhi and Ajmer. His fast rise aroused the envy of the then powerful ruler of Kannauj, Jaichand Gahadvala, and caused ill-feeling between the two.

Svayamvara of Sanyogita(Samyukte)[edit]

The upcoming svayamvara of Sanyogita spread far and wide and became the subject of much discussion among the nobility. Sanyogita, daughter of Jaichand, secretly fell in love with Prithviraj. She met Prithviraj at the temple of Koteshwar. She was disguised as Nandini and Prithvi was disguised as Surya. He was on a mission to save the temple deity from sabotage by his archrival and king of Gujrat, Bhimdev Solannki. Prithviraj had heard of Sanyogita's unmatched beauty in a poem and decided to meet her in disguise. However, Sanyogita, who had seen a portrait of Prithviraj, could see through his disguise and decided to meet him personally. She disguised herself to avoid recognition, and hence their secret affair began. Her father got wind of this affair and resolved to have her safely wed at an early date. He arranged a Swayamvara, a Hindu ceremony where a maiden selects a husband from a number of suitors who assemble at the invitation of her guardian. Jaichand invited many princes of high rank and heritage, but deliberately did not invite Prithviraj. To add insult to injury, Jaichand had a statue of Prithviraj made and placed at the door of the venue, thus parodying Prithviraj as a doorman. Prithviraj came to hear of this. He made his plans and confided them to his lover, Sanyogita.

On the day of the ceremony, Sanyogita emerged from an inner chamber, entered the venue of the Swayamvara, and walked straight down the hall past the assembled suitors, reached the door and garlanded the statue of Prithviraj. The assemblage were stunned at this brash act, but more was to follow: Prithviraj, who had been hiding behind the statue in the garb of a doorman, emerged, put Sanyogita upon his horse and the two eloped. This incident resulted in a string of battles between the two kingdoms, and both of them suffered heavily. The Chauhan-Gahadvala feud led to the weakening of both kingdoms. Prithviraj was a Hindu ruler and defeated Muhammad Ghori at the first battle of Tarain.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vijayendra Snatak (1 January 1997). "Medieval Hindi Literature". In K Ayyappap Panikkar. Medieval Indian literature: an anthology (Volume 1). Sahitya Akademi. pp. 142–. ISBN 978-81-260-0365-5. Retrieved 28 September 2011. 
  2. ^ Raj kavi can be translated as "court poet" or "royal sage" and identified a courtier who was expected both to provide advice to the king and to compose "official" histories that glorified the king. Raj kavi were expected to accompany the king while hunting and making war. His role also may have included that of a balladeer who encouraged and exhorted the warriors to bravery in battle by reciting the great deeds of their leaders and illustrious clan forebears. In general see Bloomfield, Morton W. and Dunn, Charles W. (1992) Role of the Poet in Early Societies (2nd edition) D.S. Brewer, Cambridge, England, ISBN 0-85991-347-3
  3. ^ a b Gopal, Madan (1996) Origin and Development of Hindi/Urdu Literature Deep & Deep Publications, New Delhi, India, page 8, OCLC 243899911
  4. ^ Kaviraj Syamaldas "The Antiquity, Authenticity and Genuineness of the epic called the Prithviraj Rasa and commonly ascribed to Chand Bardai" J Asiatic Soc. of Bengal, V 55, Pt.1, 1886
  5. ^ Luṇiyā, Bhanwarlal Nathuram (1978) Life and Culture in Medieval India Kamal Prakashan, Indore, India, page 293, OCLC 641457716
  6. ^ Satish Chandra, Medieval India: From Sultanat to the Mughals (1206-1526), (Har-Anand Publications, 2006), 25.
  • Char bans, chaubis gaj, angul ashta praman, Tau par sultan hai, Mat Chuko Chauhan

External links[edit]

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014