Play Video
1
Bharat Ek Khoj  Episode 24 The Delhi Sultanate and Prithviraj Raso Part 1
Bharat Ek Khoj Episode 24 The Delhi Sultanate and Prithviraj Raso Part 1
::2013/01/01::
Play Video
2
Bharat Ek Khoj  Episode 25  The Delhi Sultanate and Prithviraj Raso Part 2
Bharat Ek Khoj Episode 25 The Delhi Sultanate and Prithviraj Raso Part 2
::2013/01/01::
Play Video
3
Latest Hindi Bhajan | Jai Jai Prithviraj Chauhan [Hindi Bhajan] by Mahendra Singh Rathore
Latest Hindi Bhajan | Jai Jai Prithviraj Chauhan [Hindi Bhajan] by Mahendra Singh Rathore
::2011/11/02::
Play Video
4
"WHEN MOHD.GAURI WAS KILLED BY BLIND PRITHVIRAJ CHAUHAN
"WHEN MOHD.GAURI WAS KILLED BY BLIND PRITHVIRAJ CHAUHAN'S SHABD BHEDI BAARN"
::2009/04/14::
Play Video
5
Prithviraj Chauhan Killing Mohammad Ghori
Prithviraj Chauhan Killing Mohammad Ghori
::2013/08/04::
Play Video
6
1 - PRITHVIRAJ CHOUHAN - बाल्य जीवन
1 - PRITHVIRAJ CHOUHAN - बाल्य जीवन
::2014/10/17::
Play Video
7
Who wrote the book of prithviraj raso?
Who wrote the book of prithviraj raso?
::2013/12/27::
Play Video
8
20 - उपसंहार
20 - उपसंहार
::2014/10/18::
Play Video
9
9 - पृथा कुमारी
9 - पृथा कुमारी
::2014/10/17::
Play Video
10
16 - कैमाश वध
16 - कैमाश वध
::2014/10/17::
Play Video
11
12 - दिल्ली में आक्रमण
12 - दिल्ली में आक्रमण
::2014/10/17::
Play Video
12
13 - राजसूय यज्ञ
13 - राजसूय यज्ञ
::2014/10/17::
Play Video
13
19 - अध्यपतन
19 - अध्यपतन
::2014/10/18::
Play Video
14
17 - थानेश्वर का युद्ध
17 - थानेश्वर का युद्ध
::2014/10/17::
Play Video
15
7  - दिल्ली प्राप्ति
7 - दिल्ली प्राप्ति
::2014/10/17::
Play Video
16
15 - महोवा का युद्ध
15 - महोवा का युद्ध
::2014/10/17::
Play Video
17
5 - मुहम्मद गौरी
5 - मुहम्मद गौरी
::2014/10/17::
Play Video
18
Bharat Ek Khoj   Episode 01   Bharat Mata Ki Jai
Bharat Ek Khoj Episode 01 Bharat Mata Ki Jai
::2014/01/10::
Play Video
19
3 -  इंदिरावती
3 - इंदिरावती
::2014/10/17::
Play Video
20
Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan
Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan
::2012/08/20::
Play Video
21
PRITHVIRAJ CHAUHAN HISTORY IN HINDI - वीर योद्धा पृथ्वीराज चौहान
PRITHVIRAJ CHAUHAN HISTORY IN HINDI - वीर योद्धा पृथ्वीराज चौहान
::2014/06/06::
Play Video
22
Prithviraj Chauhan | Animated Movie For Kids | English
Prithviraj Chauhan | Animated Movie For Kids | English
::2014/02/25::
Play Video
23
prithviraj chauhan 15th march 09 part 3 reg 51853
prithviraj chauhan 15th march 09 part 3 reg 51853
::2013/01/20::
Play Video
24
Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan
Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan
::2012/08/07::
Play Video
25
prithviraj chauhan tv serial promo
prithviraj chauhan tv serial promo
::2007/11/19::
Play Video
26
prithviraj chauhan 91
prithviraj chauhan 91
::2013/03/05::
Play Video
27
PRITHVIRAJ CHAUHAN TITLE SONG HD
PRITHVIRAJ CHAUHAN TITLE SONG HD
::2012/11/02::
Play Video
28
Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan | Ghori killed by Prithviraj | Part 7
Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan | Ghori killed by Prithviraj | Part 7
::2014/04/17::
Play Video
29
Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan | Prithviraj Arrast by Ghori | Part 6
Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan | Prithviraj Arrast by Ghori | Part 6
::2014/04/17::
Play Video
30
Anas Rashid - Video - Prithviraj Chauhan - (Part 2) Swayamvar
Anas Rashid - Video - Prithviraj Chauhan - (Part 2) Swayamvar
::2013/01/29::
Play Video
31
Prithviraj chauhan save sanyogita by Sachin pandey
Prithviraj chauhan save sanyogita by Sachin pandey
::2012/09/28::
Play Video
32
Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan
Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan
::2013/05/17::
Play Video
33
14th Chhattisgarh Hindi Sahitya Parishad State Adhiveshan
14th Chhattisgarh Hindi Sahitya Parishad State Adhiveshan
::2014/06/26::
Play Video
34
YouTube   Prithviraj Chauhan 19th May 07 Part 2
YouTube Prithviraj Chauhan 19th May 07 Part 2
::2012/12/03::
Play Video
35
prithviraj chauhan ki Aag ugalti Talwar
prithviraj chauhan ki Aag ugalti Talwar
::2012/11/30::
Play Video
36
YouTube   Prithviraj Chauhan 14th September 07 Part 1
YouTube Prithviraj Chauhan 14th September 07 Part 1
::2012/12/22::
Play Video
37
Woh Hai Prithviraj Chauhan
Woh Hai Prithviraj Chauhan
::2012/06/20::
Play Video
38
Prithviraj chauhan song murchhit pade dharti pr prithvi {sanjam the true friend}.(Cool songs).
Prithviraj chauhan song murchhit pade dharti pr prithvi {sanjam the true friend}.(Cool songs).
::2013/02/27::
Play Video
39
prithviraj chauhan  story
prithviraj chauhan story
::2014/06/29::
Play Video
40
Prithviraj Chauhan vs Muhammad Ghauri : First Battle of Tarain
Prithviraj Chauhan vs Muhammad Ghauri : First Battle of Tarain
::2011/09/04::
Play Video
41
Prithviraj Chauhan Faisal Younas
Prithviraj Chauhan Faisal Younas
::2012/06/24::
Play Video
42
Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan | Ghori Attact on Delhi | Part 1
Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan | Ghori Attact on Delhi | Part 1
::2014/04/16::
Play Video
43
AoE II: HD - Prithviraj - Battles of Tarain
AoE II: HD - Prithviraj - Battles of Tarain
::2014/06/02::
Play Video
44
Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan - Animated Gujarati Movie With English Subtitles
Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan - Animated Gujarati Movie With English Subtitles
::2014/06/20::
Play Video
45
Dharti Ka Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan   Prithviraj Chauhan   8539 Page  3
Dharti Ka Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan Prithviraj Chauhan 8539 Page 3
::2013/01/29::
Play Video
46
Resham Ka Rumal Liyeh ,Mein Delhi Ka Surma Lagakeh, Kab Seh Khadhi Hun Darwaze Peh !
Resham Ka Rumal Liyeh ,Mein Delhi Ka Surma Lagakeh, Kab Seh Khadhi Hun Darwaze Peh !
::2011/11/26::
Play Video
47
Prithviraj Chauhan-8th august08-PART 2
Prithviraj Chauhan-8th august08-PART 2
::2013/01/23::
Play Video
48
What can Raso Solutions do for your business?
What can Raso Solutions do for your business?
::2013/09/23::
Play Video
49
Watch Videos Online   Prithviraj 22nd Feb09 PART 3
Watch Videos Online Prithviraj 22nd Feb09 PART 3
::2013/01/21::
Play Video
50
Watch Videos Online   Prithviraj 22nd Feb09 PART 2
Watch Videos Online Prithviraj 22nd Feb09 PART 2
::2013/01/21::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Prithviraj Raso (Hindi: पृथ्वीराज रासो, Rajasthani: पिरथबीराज रासो) or Prithvirajaraso, is an epic poem composed by court poet, Chand Bardai, on the life of Prithviraj III, a Chauhan king who ruled Ajmer and Delhi between 1165 and 1192. Chand Bardai claimed to be contemporary of Prithviraj Chauhan.

The Prithviraj Raso is a semi-historical, semi-legendary account that depicts the bravery of Prithviraj Chauhan. The legend exaggerates the historical events for dramatic effects. Its historicity is considered unreliable by historians.[1]

The text[edit]

Author[edit]

According to tradition, the Prithviraj Raso was composed by Chand Bardai, Prithviraj's court poet (raj kavi[2]), who accompanied the king in all his battles, and completed by Bardai's son Jalhana.[3] As court poet, Chand Bardai had the traditional occupation of composing poems and ballads in praise of his patron and based loosely on historical incident.

Versions and later embellishments[edit]

Over time, the Prithviraj Raso was embellished with the interpolations and additions of many other authors. Only a small portion of the existing texts is likely to have been part of the original version. Several versions of the Prithivraj Raso are available, but scholars agree that a small 1300-stanza manuscript in Bikaner is closest to the original text. The longest available version is the Udaipur manuscript, which is an epic with 16,306 stanzas. The language of the texts available today largely appears to be post-15th century and to be based upon the seventeenth-century compilation of Amar Singh of Mewar.[3]

Significance and historical veracity[edit]

Many events and battle details narrated in Prithviraj Raso do not agree with other contemporary accounts found in both Hindu and Muslim sources (See Battle of Tarain).

While not strictly history,[4] the Prithviraj Raso is a source of information on the social and clan structure of the Kshattriya communities of northern India.[5]

Biography according to Prithviraj Raso[edit]

According to the epic poem or ballad, Prithviraj was a king, who, after ceaseless military campaigns, extended his original kingdom of Sambhar (Shakambara) in present-day Rajasthan to cover Rajasthan, Gujarat and eastern Punjab. He ruled from his twin capitals of Delhi and Ajmer. His fast rise aroused the envy of the then powerful ruler of Kannauj, Jaichand Gahadvala, and caused ill-feeling between the two.

Svayamvara of Sanyogita(Samyukte)[edit]

The upcoming svayamvara of Sanyogita spread far and wide and became the subject of much discussion among the nobility. Sanyogita, daughter of Jaichand, secretly fell in love with Prithviraj. She met Prithviraj at the temple of Koteshwar. She was disguised as Nandini and Prithvi was disguised as Surya. He was on a mission to save the temple deity from sabotage by his archrival and king of Gujrat, Bhimdev Solannki. Prithviraj had heard of Sanyogita's unmatched beauty in a poem and decided to meet her in disguise. However, Sanyogita, who had seen a portrait of Prithviraj, could see through his disguise and decided to meet him personally. She disguised herself to avoid recognition, and hence their secret affair began. Her father got wind of this affair and resolved to have her safely wed at an early date. He arranged a Swayamvara, a Hindu ceremony where a maiden selects a husband from a number of suitors who assemble at the invitation of her guardian. Jaichand invited many princes of high rank and heritage, but deliberately did not invite Prithviraj. To add insult to injury, Jaichand had a statue of Prithviraj made and placed at the door of the venue, thus parodying Prithviraj as a doorman. Prithviraj came to hear of this. He made his plans and confided them to his lover, Sanyogita.

On the day of the ceremony, Sanyogita emerged from an inner chamber, entered the venue of the Swayamvara, and walked straight down the hall past the assembled suitors, reached the door and garlanded the statue of Prithviraj. The assemblage were stunned at this brash act, but more was to follow: Prithviraj, who had been hiding behind the statue in the garb of a doorman, emerged, put Sanyogita upon his horse and the two eloped. This incident resulted in a string of battles between the two kingdoms, and both of them suffered heavily. The Chauhan-Gahadvala feud led to the weakening of both kingdoms. Prithviraj was a Hindu ruler and defeated Muhammad Ghori at the first battle of Tarain.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vijayendra Snatak (1 January 1997). "Medieval Hindi Literature". In K Ayyappap Panikkar. Medieval Indian literature: an anthology (Volume 1). Sahitya Akademi. pp. 142–. ISBN 978-81-260-0365-5. Retrieved 28 September 2011. 
  2. ^ Raj kavi can be translated as "court poet" or "royal sage" and identified a courtier who was expected both to provide advice to the king and to compose "official" histories that glorified the king. Raj kavi were expected to accompany the king while hunting and making war. His role also may have included that of a balladeer who encouraged and exhorted the warriors to bravery in battle by reciting the great deeds of their leaders and illustrious clan forebears. In general see Bloomfield, Morton W. and Dunn, Charles W. (1992) Role of the Poet in Early Societies (2nd edition) D.S. Brewer, Cambridge, England, ISBN 0-85991-347-3
  3. ^ a b Gopal, Madan (1996) Origin and Development of Hindi/Urdu Literature Deep & Deep Publications, New Delhi, India, page 8, OCLC 243899911
  4. ^ Kaviraj Syamaldas "The Antiquity, Authenticity and Genuineness of the epic called the Prithviraj Rasa and commonly ascribed to Chand Bardai" J Asiatic Soc. of Bengal, V 55, Pt.1, 1886
  5. ^ Luṇiyā, Bhanwarlal Nathuram (1978) Life and Culture in Medieval India Kamal Prakashan, Indore, India, page 293, OCLC 641457716
  6. ^ Satish Chandra, Medieval India: From Sultanat to the Mughals (1206-1526), (Har-Anand Publications, 2006), 25.
  • Char bans, chaubis gaj, angul ashta praman, Tau par sultan hai, Mat Chuko Chauhan

External links[edit]

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014