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NICARAGUA: TEENAGE PROSTITUTION EMERGES AS A GROWING PROBLEM
NICARAGUA: TEENAGE PROSTITUTION EMERGES AS A GROWING PROBLEM
Published: 2015/07/23
Channel: AP Archive
NICARAGUA: PROSTITUTION BECOMES A MAJOR SOCIAL PROBLEM
NICARAGUA: PROSTITUTION BECOMES A MAJOR SOCIAL PROBLEM
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
NICARAGUA # 4.mpg
NICARAGUA # 4.mpg
Published: 2010/04/26
Channel: LMD RADIO
Prostitucion Esteli
Prostitucion Esteli
Published: 2016/11/30
Channel: hillary vanegas
GOOD TIME Nicaragua
GOOD TIME Nicaragua
Published: 2013/10/30
Channel: globerth2011
Explotación sexual comercial infantil en Nicaragua. Tres escenario, una realidad.
Explotación sexual comercial infantil en Nicaragua. Tres escenario, una realidad.
Published: 2014/08/21
Channel: Ieepp Nicaragua
MANAGUA NICARAGUA 2017 HUSTLE
MANAGUA NICARAGUA 2017 HUSTLE
Published: 2017/01/04
Channel: Stop Having a Boring Life
Gas Station Chicas Managua Nicaragua
Gas Station Chicas Managua Nicaragua
Published: 2012/04/05
Channel: Donald Campbell
Vacation Nightmare: Sun, Sand, Prostitutes? | ABC World News Tonight | ABC News
Vacation Nightmare: Sun, Sand, Prostitutes? | ABC World News Tonight | ABC News
Published: 2013/08/17
Channel: ABC News
EL SALVADOR: PROSTITUTION IS ON THE INCREASE
EL SALVADOR: PROSTITUTION IS ON THE INCREASE
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Nicaragua
Nicaragua's Cocaine Coast
Published: 2016/04/27
Channel: Journeyman Pictures
Costa Rica Prostitution is Legal but Unregulated
Costa Rica Prostitution is Legal but Unregulated
Published: 2010/04/21
Channel: Thomas O'Brien
Inside the Del Rey Hotel in Costa Rica
Inside the Del Rey Hotel in Costa Rica
Published: 2015/01/07
Channel: Latin Travel VIP
YBE Interview: What it
YBE Interview: What it's like living in Nicaragua
Published: 2016/01/14
Channel: Young Black Expats International
PROSTITUCION EN ESTELI.
PROSTITUCION EN ESTELI.
Published: 2013/03/18
Channel: TELENORTE NIC
NICARAGUA: STREET CHILDREN
NICARAGUA: STREET CHILDREN
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
NICARAGUA: REFUGE SET UP TO GET PROSTITUTES OFF OF THE STREETS
NICARAGUA: REFUGE SET UP TO GET PROSTITUTES OFF OF THE STREETS
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
partying tits up in nicaragua part 2!
partying tits up in nicaragua part 2!
Published: 2011/09/01
Channel: Cindsrocksyo
Nicaragua Blacks
Nicaragua Blacks
Published: 2016/02/26
Channel: 6 Exodus
Condoms in Nicaragua - vpro Metropolis
Condoms in Nicaragua - vpro Metropolis
Published: 2010/03/25
Channel: VPRO Metropolis
Prostitución, una realidad en calles de Managua
Prostitución, una realidad en calles de Managua
Published: 2014/06/04
Channel: vivanicaragua13
NICARAGUA: TREE BOYS : POVERTY IN MANAGUA
NICARAGUA: TREE BOYS : POVERTY IN MANAGUA
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Nicaragua Managua Nightlife
Nicaragua Managua Nightlife
Published: 2016/01/16
Channel: !TRavel-Videos @
Human Trafficking in Nicaragua
Human Trafficking in Nicaragua
Published: 2011/07/21
Channel: IOM - UN Migration
CA2003-16. Having fun with local girls, Leon, Nicaragua
CA2003-16. Having fun with local girls, Leon, Nicaragua
Published: 2010/04/19
Channel: Salamon Vargas
Nicaragua: La pobreza y la explotación sexual en menores de edad
Nicaragua: La pobreza y la explotación sexual en menores de edad
Published: 2014/06/26
Channel: Ieepp Nicaragua
Nicaragua Human Trafficking
Nicaragua Human Trafficking
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: Brooke Justus
Because I am a Girl - Prevent teenage pregnancy - Plan Nicaragua 2012
Because I am a Girl - Prevent teenage pregnancy - Plan Nicaragua 2012
Published: 2012/07/17
Channel: Plan Nicaragua
Costa Rica to Nicaragua Border Crossing
Costa Rica to Nicaragua Border Crossing
Published: 2009/01/04
Channel: TravelCostaRicaNow.com
HOW NICARAGUANS TALK/ Nicaraguan tourism
HOW NICARAGUANS TALK/ Nicaraguan tourism
Published: 2015/09/06
Channel: Hot Bread
Countries with Cheapest Prostitutes!
Countries with Cheapest Prostitutes!
Published: 2016/09/26
Channel: Lena Tramper
Real Street Prostitutes in Costa Rica Part 1
Real Street Prostitutes in Costa Rica Part 1
Published: 2016/07/11
Channel: Prostitution Channel
NICARAGUA: 19 PEOPLE INJURED IN NEW OUTBREAK OF VIOLENCE
NICARAGUA: 19 PEOPLE INJURED IN NEW OUTBREAK OF VIOLENCE
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Sunday Funday Pool Party - San Juan Del Sur Nicaragua
Sunday Funday Pool Party - San Juan Del Sur Nicaragua
Published: 2017/05/07
Channel: Jeven Dovey
GUATEMALA: CHILD PROSTITUTION
GUATEMALA: CHILD PROSTITUTION
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
estafado comprando weed en Nicaragua
estafado comprando weed en Nicaragua
Published: 2014/05/29
Channel: Victor Julio Ruiz
Empowering and Educating Women in the Sex Industry in Nicaragua
Empowering and Educating Women in the Sex Industry in Nicaragua
Published: 2013/03/21
Channel: Five Point Five
SEX AND LOVE EN NICARAGUA
SEX AND LOVE EN NICARAGUA
Published: 2015/02/28
Channel: Premier Producciones Nicaragua
Child Prostitution - South Africa
Child Prostitution - South Africa's young street walkers
Published: 2016/05/14
Channel: Carroizierie 1
Human Trafficking in Nicaragua
Human Trafficking in Nicaragua
Published: 2014/09/09
Channel: Nicole Madriz
Getting Robbed by Prostitutes || Story Time #8
Getting Robbed by Prostitutes || Story Time #8
Published: 2016/01/20
Channel: High On Life
Teenage prostitute during recess for one dollar Schoolgirls for sale in Mexico
Teenage prostitute during recess for one dollar Schoolgirls for sale in Mexico
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: MOST NEWS
My Boyfriend The Sex Tourist - Real Stories
My Boyfriend The Sex Tourist - Real Stories
Published: 2015/07/25
Channel: Real Stories
Good time Night Club, Managua
Good time Night Club, Managua
Published: 2017/11/04
Channel: Producciones Güegüense D' Gira TV
Villa Rafaela Herrera, Managua, Nicaragua
Villa Rafaela Herrera, Managua, Nicaragua
Published: 2016/09/27
Channel: Cassie TV
A Day In Jaco | Costa Rica, Playa Jacó
A Day In Jaco | Costa Rica, Playa Jacó
Published: 2017/01/22
Channel: Lee Plays Life
'Slut Walk' hits Nicaragua
Published: 2011/06/12
Channel: AFP news agency
Marcha de las Putas Nicaragua
Marcha de las Putas Nicaragua
Published: 2011/06/14
Channel: Kathy Sevilla
EscapingTheLandfill
EscapingTheLandfill
Published: 2009/06/03
Channel: ForwardEdge
Costa Rica Police Raid Hotel Del Rey
Costa Rica Police Raid Hotel Del Rey
Published: 2015/01/17
Channel: Latin Travel VIP
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Prostitution in Nicaragua is legal, but promoting prostitution and procuring are prohibited.[1][2] The minimum age for prostitutes is 14 years old.[1] It was estimated in 2015 that were around 15,000 prostitutes in the country.[3]

Prostitution is common in Managua. Prostitutes work on the streets, in nightclubs and bars, or in massage parlors.

Prostitutes are know locally as "zorras".[4]

History[edit]

From 1880 to 1927 there were no prostitution laws. Prostitutes, pimps and madams were charged with vagrancy. Prostitution was legalised and regulated from April 1927. Prostitutes has to register and have a weekly health check. Those who did not comply were fined by the police, or after 1933 the National Guard.[5]

In August 1955 a law was passed prohibiting the promotion of prostitution. By then the national Guard had taken control of prostitution in the country. The only people jailed for controlling prostitution were those who wouldn't pay the required bribes.[5]

Starting in the 1960s President Somoza's business empire moved into prostitution and gambling houses. The National Guard (who Somoza was the head of), through being bribed, ensured these establishments flourished. After Somoza was deposed in 1979 by the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN)), one of their first actions was the destruction and burning of "a great number of brothels, bars and gambling houses". The FSLN had previously advocated the elimination of prostitution in its 1969 manifesto, but this was never enacted.[5]

Facilitadoras judiciales[edit]

Nicaragua became the first country to train sex workers to be official representatives of the government and the judicial system.[3] In a pilot scheme, 16 sex workers were trained as "Facilitadoras judiciales" (judicial facilitators).[3] This led to a further 60 sex workers being trained.[6] The eventual aim is to have at least six sex workers trained in every municipality (153).[7]

The scheme was organised by the Sunflowers Sex Workers’ Association and is part of a larger initiative that has trained 4,300 facilitators in the country.[6] The scheme is endorsed by the Nicaraguan Judicial System.[3] Vice-president Marvin Aguilar said "We are the only country in the world that treats sex workers as ‘judicial facilitators’. The only country in the world that does not try and arrest them, where the activity is not criminalized.”[3]

The judicial facilitators have the following tasks:

  • Help local judges in proceedings
  • They disseminate civic-legal laws and regulations among the population
  • Advise and accompany the population in judicial and administrative proceedings
  • Carry out mediations in cases that the Law allows
  • They send the corresponding authorities the cases that are not within their competence.

HIV[edit]

With only 0.2 percent of the adult population estimated to be HIV-positive, Nicaragua has one of the lowest HIV prevalence rates in Central America. HIV was first detected in Nicaragua in 1987, after concentrated epidemics had been reported in other Central American nations. The onset of the epidemic was likely delayed by Nicaragua’s 10-year civil war and the U.S.-led economic blockade, both of which left the country isolated for several years. Relative control over commercial sex work, low infection rates among injecting drug users, and a ban on the commercial sale of blood also slowed HIV transmission.[8]

A September 2005 study on HIV among commercial sex workers reported by UNAIDS demonstrated a prevalence of only 0.2 percent in that group.[8] This had increased to 2.6% in 2016.[9]

Child Prostitution[edit]

Child prostitution is widespread, particularly in Managua, port cities, along the Honduran and Costa Rican borders, and near highways.[10][11]

The law permits juveniles 14 years of age or older to engage in prostitution.[1] According to Casa Alianza, between 1,200 and 1,500 girls and young women work in the brothels of Managua, and almost half are under the age of 18.[12] Every night, hundreds of teenage girls line the Masaya Highway commercial corridor on the capital's south side. Street children engage in prostitution, often to support a drug habit.

Nicaragua is a destination for child sex tourists from the United States, Canada, and Western Europe.[13] The law imposes a penalty of five to seven years' imprisonment for convicted sex tourism offenders.[1]

Human trafficking[edit]

Nicaragua is principally a source and transit country for women, and children subjected to sex trafficking. Nicaraguan women and children are subjected to sex trafficking within the country and in other Central American countries, Mexico, and the United States. Many trafficking victims are recruited in rural areas or border regions with false promises of high-paying jobs in urban centres and tourist locales, where they are subjected to sex trafficking. Victims’ family members are often complicit in their exploitation, and traffickers have reportedly increased recruitment activity on social media sites. Nicaraguan women and children are subjected to sex trafficking in the RAAN and RAAS, where the lack of strong law enforcement institutions and a higher crime rate increase the vulnerability of the local population.

Nicaraguans from Northern-Central departments who migrate to other Central American countries and Europe are reportedly vulnerable to sextrafficking. During the reporting period, Nicaraguans were reported as among the primary nationalities of victims identified in Guatemala. In addition, children left by these migrants in Nicaragua reportedly become vulnerable to sex trafficking.

The United States Department of State Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons ranks Nicaragua as a Tier 2 country.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d 2008 Human Rights Report: Nicaragua. State.gov. Retrieved on 2011-03-30. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  2. ^ "100 Countries and Their Prostitution Policies". Procon. Retrieved 2 January 2018. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Custer, Jeff (4 June 2015). "Nicaragua trains sex workers as judicial facilitators - Inside Costa Rica". Inside Costa Rica. Retrieved 2 January 2018. 
  4. ^ "Live in Nicaragua - The Lay of the Land". Live in Nicaragua. Retrieved 2 January 2018. 
  5. ^ a b c Gonzalez-Rivera, Victoria (2011). Before the revolution : women's rights and right-wing politics in Nicaragua, 1821-1979. University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University Press. ISBN 978-0271048710. 
  6. ^ a b Morel, Blanca (7 April 2015). "Nicaragua prostitutes study law to help others in trouble". Tico Times. Retrieved 2 January 2018. 
  7. ^ "Nicaragua Certifies Prostitutes as Paralegals". Q Costa Rica. 22 April 2015. Retrieved 2 January 2018. 
  8. ^ a b "Health Profile: Nicaragua" (PDF). United States Agency for International Development. June 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 August 2008. Retrieved 7 September 2008.  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  9. ^ "Nicaragua 2016 Country Factsheet". UNAIDS. Retrieved 3 January 2018. 
  10. ^ "Child prostitution: the ugliest part of tourism". Web.archive.org. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
  11. ^ Bureau of International Labor Affairs (ILAB) - U.S. Department of Labor. Dol.gov. Retrieved on 2011-03-30.
  12. ^ Child prostitution: the ugliest part of tourism. Thepanamanews.com. Retrieved on 2011-03-30.
  13. ^ a b "Nicaragua Trafficking in Persons Report 2017". US Department of state. Retrieved 2 January 2018.  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.

External links[edit]

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