Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
Intro to Historical Linguistics: Reconstruction of Lost Proto-Languages (lesson 4 of 4)
Intro to Historical Linguistics: Reconstruction of Lost Proto-Languages (lesson 4 of 4)
Published: 2012/06/21
Channel: NativLang
Proto-Polynesian Meaning
Proto-Polynesian Meaning
Published: 2015/04/27
Channel: ADictionary
Polynesian Problem by J^2 Plus
Polynesian Problem by J^2 Plus
Published: 2010/10/20
Channel: Chrisdayo
Malayo-Polynesian languages
Malayo-Polynesian languages
Published: 2014/11/07
Channel: Audiopedia
Austronesian Language Family
Austronesian Language Family
Published: 2013/06/08
Channel: Prasanna Patange
What does Proto-Polynesian mean?
What does Proto-Polynesian mean?
Published: 2015/05/22
Channel: What Does That Mean?
Oceanic languages
Oceanic languages
Published: 2016/02/18
Channel: Century Old
The Dispersion of Austronesian Languages
The Dispersion of Austronesian Languages
Published: 2014/12/21
Channel: Vivian Lin
Auld Lang Syne in Proto-Austronesian
Auld Lang Syne in Proto-Austronesian
Published: 2017/01/01
Channel: Glenssuos
AP World History A4 - Polynesia & Austronesia
AP World History A4 - Polynesia & Austronesia
Published: 2016/08/31
Channel: KarenJoo
A Spoken Sample of Proto-Austronesian
A Spoken Sample of Proto-Austronesian
Published: 2016/02/19
Channel: Glenssuos
Without a compass: giving directions the Hawaiian way - Eavesdropping Traveler #4
Without a compass: giving directions the Hawaiian way - Eavesdropping Traveler #4
Published: 2014/08/15
Channel: NativLang
Polynesian mythology - Wiki Videos
Polynesian mythology - Wiki Videos
Published: 2015/10/22
Channel: Wiki Videos
Maori the Native indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand
Maori the Native indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand
Published: 2017/05/04
Channel: 1 Mega Videos Channel
Linguistic Divergence in Timor
Linguistic Divergence in Timor
Published: 2014/10/02
Channel: Santa Fe Institute
Austronesian Speaking Countries & Territories
Austronesian Speaking Countries & Territories
Published: 2010/02/19
Channel: lagodaxnian
Austronesian Migration Crossroads   Civilizations
Austronesian Migration Crossroads Civilizations
Published: 2012/09/26
Channel: revolutionaryjake
Aryan (Indian Iranian Blue Eyes Red Hair Gld Skin Indo-European)
Aryan (Indian Iranian Blue Eyes Red Hair Gld Skin Indo-European)
Published: 2011/01/06
Channel: DemonGioCool
Hawaii, USA 2 Collage Video - youtube.com/tanvideo11
Hawaii, USA 2 Collage Video - youtube.com/tanvideo11
Published: 2013/12/24
Channel: tanvideo11
Crossing the Wallace Line - languages, genes and a forgotten history
Crossing the Wallace Line - languages, genes and a forgotten history
Published: 2016/06/19
Channel: Murray Cox
Melayu-Polynesian ties reaffirmed at Waitangi conference
Melayu-Polynesian ties reaffirmed at Waitangi conference
Published: 2014/03/28
Channel: Te Karere TVNZ
POLYNESIAN - HOW TO PRONOUNCE IT!?
POLYNESIAN - HOW TO PRONOUNCE IT!?
Published: 2017/02/20
Channel: WordBox
Malayo-Polynesian languages
Malayo-Polynesian languages
Published: 2016/08/07
Channel: WikiWikiup
Tongan Bible West Old Version / Koe Tohi Tabu Katoa / Black Hardback 53W
Tongan Bible West Old Version / Koe Tohi Tabu Katoa / Black Hardback 53W
Published: 2015/08/04
Channel: BibleInMyLanguage
How Can We Know What Language Used to Look Like? Historical Reconstruction
How Can We Know What Language Used to Look Like? Historical Reconstruction
Published: 2015/12/10
Channel: The Ling Space
Sino Tibetan Languages
Sino Tibetan Languages
Published: 2015/12/04
Channel: sti0071
Proto Austronesian Phonology With Glossary Pdf
Proto Austronesian Phonology With Glossary Pdf
Published: 2015/12/14
Channel: Ruby Henke
AP World History: Period 1: Oceanic Societies and Austronesian Peoples
AP World History: Period 1: Oceanic Societies and Austronesian Peoples
Published: 2016/08/26
Channel: Jackie Sutton
How to Speak Proto-Indo-European (corrections in the description)
How to Speak Proto-Indo-European (corrections in the description)
Published: 2012/10/28
Channel: Xidnaf
The Lost Language of the Amis People
The Lost Language of the Amis People
Published: 2013/05/28
Channel: Flora L
C. Ramchandra & Lata - Shola Jo Bhadkeh - Albela [1951]Aloha in  Hawaii !"hello"
C. Ramchandra & Lata - Shola Jo Bhadkeh - Albela [1951]Aloha in Hawaii !"hello"
Published: 2012/12/02
Channel: *29 INDIAN MILITARY INTELLIGENCE 29*
WIKITONGUES: Ibnu Sina Sam speaking Banjar
WIKITONGUES: Ibnu Sina Sam speaking Banjar
Published: 2015/10/30
Channel: Wikitongues
a traditional village of Ngada Tribe in Flores, Indonesia
a traditional village of Ngada Tribe in Flores, Indonesia
Published: 2013/06/15
Channel: travel2asia / travel video
WIKITONGUES: Sister So
WIKITONGUES: Sister So'oalo and Sister Cookson speaking Tongan
Published: 2017/01/12
Channel: Wikitongues
Origins of The Fino
Origins of The Fino' Håya (Full version with sign language)
Published: 2012/01/24
Channel: Finohaya GCC
Tongan Bible New Version / Ko E Tohitapu Katoa / Reprinted from 1966 Text Edition
Tongan Bible New Version / Ko E Tohitapu Katoa / Reprinted from 1966 Text Edition
Published: 2015/07/24
Channel: BibleInMyLanguage
Austronesian peoples
Austronesian peoples
Published: 2016/08/05
Channel: WikiWikiup
Mahalo
Mahalo
Published: 2014/11/29
Channel: Audiopedia
Anacbanua Trailer
Anacbanua Trailer
Published: 2010/07/05
Channel: Sine Caboloan
How to say "I love you" in Rapanui.mov
How to say "I love you" in Rapanui.mov
Published: 2012/02/20
Channel: AZ Starwatcher
Most popular places to Visit in Hawaii
Most popular places to Visit in Hawaii
Published: 2016/09/24
Channel: The World
Proto-Oceanic Meaning
Proto-Oceanic Meaning
Published: 2015/04/30
Channel: ADictionary
A Spoken Sample of Old Malay
A Spoken Sample of Old Malay
Published: 2016/09/10
Channel: Glenssuos
Aloha, Hawaii !!! Best place to see.
Aloha, Hawaii !!! Best place to see.
Published: 2016/12/05
Channel: Dream Master
Manajah Presents : Hawaii
Manajah Presents : Hawaii
Published: 2010/03/21
Channel: Manajah1985
Best Pacific Language Album Award 2011 Koile
Best Pacific Language Album Award 2011 Koile
Published: 2011/06/02
Channel: Tagata Pasifika
How to pronounce Ate
How to pronounce Ate
Published: 2016/12/09
Channel: Learn English
STS "How Great Thou Art" in Hawaiian
STS "How Great Thou Art" in Hawaiian
Published: 2015/12/31
Channel: SoulTreeStudios
The Malay Language (Bahasa Melayu)
The Malay Language (Bahasa Melayu)
Published: 2016/09/24
Channel: Langfocus
Proto-Semitic Meaning
Proto-Semitic Meaning
Published: 2015/05/01
Channel: ADictionary
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Proto-Polynesian (abbreviated PPn) is the hypothetical proto-language from which all the modern Polynesian languages descend. Historical linguists have reconstructed the language using the comparative method, in much the same manner as with Proto-Indo-European and Proto-Uralic. This same method has also been used to support the archaeological and ethnographic evidence which indicates that the ancestral homeland of the people who spoke Proto-Polynesian was in the vicinity of Tonga, Samoa, and nearby islands.[1]

Phonology[edit]

The phonology of Proto-Polynesian is very simple, with 13 consonants and 5 vowels. Note that *q in Proto-Polynesian most probably was a glottal stop [ʔ].

Consonants[edit]

Bilabial Alveolar Velar Glottal
Voiceless stop *p *t *k *q
Nasal *m *n
Fricative *f *s *h
Trill *r
Lateral *l
Glide *w

Vowels[edit]

Proto-Polynesian had five simple vowels, /a/ /e/ /i/ /o/ /u/, with no length distinction. In a number of daughter languages, successive sequences of vowels came together to produce long vowels and diphthongs, and in some languages these sounds later became phonemic.[2]

Sound correspondences[edit]

Proto-Polynesian *p *t *k *q *m *n *w *s *h *l *r
Tongan p t k ʔ m n ŋ v f h l Ø
Niuean Ø
 ? ʔ/Ø h h/Ø l/Ø
Proto-Nuclear-Polynesian *p *t *k *m *n *w *f *s *l
Sāmoan p t ʔ Ø m n ŋ v f s Ø l
East Futunan k ʔ/Ø
Tikopian Ø ɾ
Nukuoroan h l
Proto-Eastern-Polynesian *p *t *k *ʔ/Ø *m *n *w *f *h *l
Rapa Nui p t k ʔ/Ø m n ŋ v v/h h Ø ɾ
MVA, Rarotongan Ø ?/v ʔ
Tuamotuan f/h/v h
Māori w ɸ/h
Tahitian ʔ ʔ v f/v/h
N. Marquesan k k h ʔ
S. Marquesan ʔ n f/h
Hawaiian k v h/v l

Vocabulary[edit]

The following is a table of some sample vocabulary as it is represented orthographically in various languages.[3] All instances of <ʻ> represent a glottal stop, IPA /ʔ/. All instances of 'ng' and Samoan 'g' represent the single phoneme /ŋ/. The letters 'r' in all cases represents voiced alveolar tap /ɾ/, not /r/.

Polynesian vocabulary
Proto-Polynesian Tongan Niuean Sāmoan Rapa Nui Tahitian Māori Rarotongan S. Marquesan Hawaiian English
*taŋata tangata tangata tagata tangata ta'ata tangata tangata ʻenata kanaka man
*sina hina hina sina hina hinahina hina ʻina hina grey-haired
*kanahe kanahe kanahe ʻanae 'anae kanae kanae ʻanae mullet
*tiale siale tiale tiale tiare tiare tīare tiare kiele flower
*waka vaka vaka vaʻa vaka va'a waka vaka vaka waʻa canoe
*fafine fafine fifine fafine vi'e/vahine vahine wahine vaʻine vehine wahine woman
*matuqa mātu'a motua matua matuʻa metua matua metua, matua motua makua parent
*rua ua ua lua rua rua [4] rua rua ʻua lua two
*tolu tolu tolu tolu toru toru toru toru toʻu kolu three

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Kirch, Patrick Vinton; Roger Green (2001). Hawaiki, Ancestral Polynesia: An Essay in Historical Anthropology. Cambridge University Press. pp. 99–119. ISBN 978-0-521-78309-5. 
  2. ^ Rolle, Nicholas (2009). "The Phonetic Nature of Niuean Vowel Length". Toronto Working Papers in Linguistics (TWPL): 31. 
  3. ^ Hockett, C.K. (May 1976), "The Reconstruction of Proto Central Pacific", Anthropological Linguistics, 18 (5): 187–235 
  4. ^ Archaic: the modern Tahitian word for two is piti, due to the practice of pi'i among Tahitians, a form of linguistic taboo. However, the cognate remains in the second-person dual pronounʻōrua, roughly translated you two.

External links[edit]

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license