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1
RENTRER EN SOI - PROTOPLASM
RENTRER EN SOI - PROTOPLASM
::2006/05/22::
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2
protoplasm
protoplasm
::2013/06/12::
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3
Mononoid - Protoplasm (Original Mix)
Mononoid - Protoplasm (Original Mix)
::2012/12/19::
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4
Mononoid - Protoplasm (Traum 150)
Mononoid - Protoplasm (Traum 150)
::2012/05/02::
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5
Protoplasm 001
Protoplasm 001
::2013/05/22::
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6
MyVST Demo : ProtoPlasm
MyVST Demo : ProtoPlasm
::2010/01/24::
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7
X-Dream - Protoplasm [HQ]
X-Dream - Protoplasm [HQ]
::2011/03/03::
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8
Mononoid - Protoplasm (Zonderling remix) (Traum 150)
Mononoid - Protoplasm (Zonderling remix) (Traum 150)
::2012/05/08::
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9
Black Rain -
Black Rain - 'Protoplasm' (Blackest Ever Black, 2013)
::2013/08/21::
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10
Spiros Kaloumenos - Protoplasm (Original Mix)
Spiros Kaloumenos - Protoplasm (Original Mix)
::2013/07/22::
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11
Mononoid - Protoplasm (Moonbeam Remix)
Mononoid - Protoplasm (Moonbeam Remix)
::2012/05/17::
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12
Black Rain - Protoplasm [Blackest Ever Black 017]
Black Rain - Protoplasm [Blackest Ever Black 017]
::2013/08/10::
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13
Scott Brown - ProtoPlasm (Plus System Style)
Scott Brown - ProtoPlasm (Plus System Style)
::2008/08/07::
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14
Protoplasm TSM Pro - Free VST synth - vstplanet.com
Protoplasm TSM Pro - Free VST synth - vstplanet.com
::2012/10/07::
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15
Scott Brown - ProToPlasm
Scott Brown - ProToPlasm
::2011/01/02::
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16
Protoplasm Remix-Rentrer En Soi
Protoplasm Remix-Rentrer En Soi
::2008/02/02::
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17
Spiros Kaloumenos - Protoplasm (Mikael Pfeiffer Re-Form) [Focus Records]
Spiros Kaloumenos - Protoplasm (Mikael Pfeiffer Re-Form) [Focus Records]
::2013/07/22::
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18
Quoii - Protoplasm
Quoii - Protoplasm
::2012/07/11::
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19
1. Protoplasm - Scott Brown - Hardwired - Vol. 2
1. Protoplasm - Scott Brown - Hardwired - Vol. 2
::2010/12/12::
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20
ProtoPlasm 21 by H G  Fortune
ProtoPlasm 21 by H G Fortune
::2013/01/14::
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21
A spiritual scientist Yogi Protoplasm
A spiritual scientist Yogi Protoplasm
::2012/10/11::
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22
Out Out - Protoplasm
Out Out - Protoplasm
::2012/08/26::
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23
Wind Mobile (Sculpture - Protoplasm) Wellington NZ
Wind Mobile (Sculpture - Protoplasm) Wellington NZ
::2009/12/14::
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24
Scott Brown - ProtoPlasm
Scott Brown - ProtoPlasm
::2008/08/06::
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25
X-Dream - Protoplasm
X-Dream - Protoplasm
::2012/01/22::
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26
ProtoPlasm by H G Fortune video 2
ProtoPlasm by H G Fortune video 2
::2013/01/14::
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27
YOGI PROTOPLASM-11
YOGI PROTOPLASM-11
::2013/09/06::
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28
X Dream - Protoplasm
X Dream - Protoplasm
::2012/12/15::
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29
YOGI PROTOPLASM-06
YOGI PROTOPLASM-06
::2013/09/06::
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30
Wax Doctor - Protoplasm
Wax Doctor - Protoplasm
::2009/05/01::
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31
A spiritual scientist Yogi Protoplasm
A spiritual scientist Yogi Protoplasm
::2012/10/11::
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32
X-Dream - Protoplasm
X-Dream - Protoplasm
::2012/01/15::
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33
Scott Brown - Protoplasm
Scott Brown - Protoplasm
::2010/03/01::
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34
Aoi Clip - Protoplasm
Aoi Clip - Protoplasm
::2007/12/21::
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35
YOGI PROTOPLASM-SRI PRAGNARANYA SWAMIJI
YOGI PROTOPLASM-SRI PRAGNARANYA SWAMIJI
::2013/09/05::
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36
Mononoid - Protoplasm (Moonbeam Remix)
Mononoid - Protoplasm (Moonbeam Remix)
::2012/05/08::
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37
APRIORI - Protoplasm
APRIORI - Protoplasm
::2014/03/15::
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38
PRAGNARANYA SWAMIJI -YOGI PROTOPLASM-26
PRAGNARANYA SWAMIJI -YOGI PROTOPLASM-26
::2013/10/09::
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39
YOGI PROTOPLASM-17
YOGI PROTOPLASM-17
::2013/09/06::
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40
YOGI PROTOPLASM-15
YOGI PROTOPLASM-15
::2013/09/06::
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41
Protoplasm 001
Protoplasm 001
::2013/04/06::
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42
PRAGNARANYA SWAMIJI -YOGI PROTOPLASM-14
PRAGNARANYA SWAMIJI -YOGI PROTOPLASM-14
::2013/10/09::
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43
PRAGNARANYA SWAMIJI -YOGI PROTOPLASM-16
PRAGNARANYA SWAMIJI -YOGI PROTOPLASM-16
::2013/10/09::
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44
YOGI PROTOPLASM-04
YOGI PROTOPLASM-04
::2013/09/06::
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45
PRAGNARANYA SWAMIJI -YOGI PROTOPLASM-18
PRAGNARANYA SWAMIJI -YOGI PROTOPLASM-18
::2013/10/09::
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46
Protoplasm 002
Protoplasm 002
::2013/05/10::
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47
PRAGNARANYA SWAMIJI -YOGI PROTOPLASM-13
PRAGNARANYA SWAMIJI -YOGI PROTOPLASM-13
::2013/10/09::
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48
PRAGNARANYA SWAMIJI -YOGI PROTOPLASM-22
PRAGNARANYA SWAMIJI -YOGI PROTOPLASM-22
::2013/10/09::
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49
YOGI PROTOPLASM-SRI PRAGNARANYA SWAMIJI-24
YOGI PROTOPLASM-SRI PRAGNARANYA SWAMIJI-24
::2013/09/23::
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Banda Kizuna -  Protoplasm - Anipólitan 2009
Banda Kizuna - Protoplasm - Anipólitan 2009
::2009/09/04::
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RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Protoplasm is the living contents of a cell that is surrounded by a plasma membrane. It is a general term for the cytoplasm.[1] Protoplasm is composed of a mixture of small molecules such as ions, amino acids, monosaccharides and water, and macromolecules such as nucleic acids, proteins, lipids and polysaccharides.[2] In eukaryotes the protoplasm surrounding the cell nucleus is known as the cytoplasm and that inside the nucleus as the nucleoplasm. In prokaryotes the material inside the plasma membrane is the bacterial cytoplasm, while in Gram-negative bacteria the region outside the plasma membrane but inside the outer membrane is the periplasm.

The word "protoplasm" comes from the Greek protos for first, and plasma for thing formed. It was first used in 1846 by Hugo von Mohl to describe the "tough, slimy, granular, semi-fluid" substance within plant cells, to distinguish this from the cell wall, cell nucleus and the cell sap within the vacuole.[3] Thomas Huxley later referred to it as the "physical basis of life" and considered that the property of life resulted from the distribution of molecules within this substance. Its composition, however, was mysterious and there was much controversy over what sort of substance it was.[4] Attempts to investigate the origin of life through the creation of synthetic "protoplasm" in the laboratory were not successful.[5]

The idea that protoplasm of eukaryotes is divisible into a ground substance called "cytoplasm" and a structural body called the cell nucleus reflects the more primitive knowledge of cell structure that preceded the development of electron microscopy, when it seemed that cytoplasm was a homogeneous fluid and the existence of most sub-cellular compartments, or how cells maintain their shape, was unknown.[6] Today, it is known that the cell contents are structurally very complex and contain multiple organelles.

Protoplasm can exist in two forms: a liquid-like sol state or a jelly-like gel state. Whether protoplasm is in the sol or the gel state depends on the physiological state of the cell.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cammack, Richard; Teresa Atwood; Attwood, Teresa K.; Campbell, Peter Scott; Parish, Howard I.; Smith, Tony; Vella, Frank; Stirling, John (2006), Oxford dictionary of biochemistry and molecular biology, Oxford [Oxfordshire]: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-852917-1 
  2. ^ Arthur C. Guyton, John E. Hall, Textbook of Medical Physiology, Eleventh Edition, Saunders, "Protoplasm is composed mainly of five basic substances: water, electrolytes, proteins, lipids and carbohydrates." 
  3. ^ Protoplasm. Later J. E. Purkinje coined the term for Cytoplasm + Nucleoplasm in animal cell. 1911 Edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica.
  4. ^ Harvey, E. N. (2004), "Some Physical Properties of Protoplasm", Journal of Applied Physics 9 (2): 68, doi:10.1063/1.1710397 
  5. ^ Lazcano, A.; Capone, S.; Walde, P.; Seebach, D.; Ishikawa, T.; Caputo, R. (2008), "What Is Life? A Brief Historical Overview", Chemistry & Biodiversity 5 (1): 1–15, doi:10.1002/cbdv.200890001, PMID 18205130 
  6. ^ Satir, P. (2005), "Tour of organelles through the electron microscope: A reprinting of Keith R. Porter's classic Harvey Lecture with a new introduction", The Anatomical Record Part A: Discoveries in Molecular, Cellular, and Evolutionary Biology 287A (2): 1184–1204, doi:10.1002/ar.a.20222, PMID 16265625 
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