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The North Carolina Colony
The North Carolina Colony
Published: 2013/10/10
Channel: MaryCarole Strother
The Colony of South Carolina  Founded in 1663
The Colony of South Carolina Founded in 1663
Published: 2013/10/27
Channel: ike016
The Province Virtual Tour Video
The Province Virtual Tour Video
Published: 2011/08/30
Channel: provincegreensboro
Province of North Carolina
Province of North Carolina
Published: 2016/01/09
Channel: WikiAudio
The Province Greenville | Greenville NC Apartments | EdR Trust
The Province Greenville | Greenville NC Apartments | EdR Trust
Published: 2016/10/31
Channel: EdR
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro
The University of North Carolina at Greensboro
Published: 2016/04/04
Channel: randagebro
The Old North State (North Carolina) - #50StatesAlbum - #Paperslide Music Video
The Old North State (North Carolina) - #50StatesAlbum - #Paperslide Music Video
Published: 2014/10/22
Channel: Lodge McCammon
‘Can Opener’ bridge in North Carolina eats trucks despite new warning system - TomoNews
‘Can Opener’ bridge in North Carolina eats trucks despite new warning system - TomoNews
Published: 2016/07/13
Channel: TomoNews US
North Carolina Colony Advertisement (real)
North Carolina Colony Advertisement (real)
Published: 2015/09/28
Channel: Grace Nanney
Visit Greenville, NC: Find Yourself in Good Company
Visit Greenville, NC: Find Yourself in Good Company
Published: 2015/12/17
Channel: Visit Greenville NC
North Carolina Colony
North Carolina Colony
Published: 2015/06/23
Channel: Courtney Jenkins
North Carolina Colony
North Carolina Colony
Published: 2015/11/20
Channel: Ms Donohue
The North Carolina Colonies
The North Carolina Colonies
Published: 2012/10/03
Channel: 17aschlaeger
The Colony of North Carolina
The Colony of North Carolina
Published: 2012/12/05
Channel: Emma Leep
The Carolina Brogue: Language of the Outer Banks
The Carolina Brogue: Language of the Outer Banks
Published: 2013/10/23
Channel: The Language & Life Project
ONI FROM NORTH CAROLINA GIVE A SACK OF RICE AND GROCERIES TO THE HOUSE IN THE MOUNTAIN
ONI FROM NORTH CAROLINA GIVE A SACK OF RICE AND GROCERIES TO THE HOUSE IN THE MOUNTAIN
Published: 2017/05/19
Channel: A Foreigner in the Philippines
North Carolina colony commercial
North Carolina colony commercial
Published: 2015/09/28
Channel: Nathan Powell
North Carolina Colony
North Carolina Colony
Published: 2010/09/25
Channel: Patrick Johnson
That Rebellious Carolina Colony and Immigrants settle in Colonia North Carolina
That Rebellious Carolina Colony and Immigrants settle in Colonia North Carolina
Published: 2016/08/23
Channel: Jeffrey Symes
North Carolina Colony Video
North Carolina Colony Video
Published: 2014/11/04
Channel: Kiyomi Holbrook
North Carolina Colony
North Carolina Colony
Published: 2016/09/16
Channel: Mr Emory's Class
North Carolina Advertisement
North Carolina Advertisement
Published: 2015/08/31
Channel: Nolan Reeves
Colonial North Carolina Advertisement
Colonial North Carolina Advertisement
Published: 2016/10/03
Channel: Camila X Flores Sanchez
North Carolina Colony
North Carolina Colony
Published: 2016/09/19
Channel: Mr Emory's Class
My North Carolina colony project
My North Carolina colony project
Published: 2014/10/15
Channel: ittsjustme
The North Carolina Colony
The North Carolina Colony
Published: 2013/02/22
Channel: Pernille Ripp
8-8-2016 Hatteras, NC Gulf Stream Fishing Charter - Tilefish, Grouper, Wahoo, and Sailfish
8-8-2016 Hatteras, NC Gulf Stream Fishing Charter - Tilefish, Grouper, Wahoo, and Sailfish
Published: 2016/08/27
Channel: walleyealx
China-North Carolina Partnership: Opening Doors to a Shared World
China-North Carolina Partnership: Opening Doors to a Shared World
Published: 2016/01/11
Channel: Go Global NC
nc colony project
nc colony project
Published: 2014/09/17
Channel: Cerina Huffman
Visit Lexington - North Carolina - TV Tourism Commercial - Advert - Spot - The Travel Channel - USA
Visit Lexington - North Carolina - TV Tourism Commercial - Advert - Spot - The Travel Channel - USA
Published: 2013/09/02
Channel: The Travel Channel
Colonial North Carolina Commercial- Alex and Troy
Colonial North Carolina Commercial- Alex and Troy
Published: 2012/10/07
Channel: ItsAlexP0nce
North Carolina Colony by Aidan & Daniel
North Carolina Colony by Aidan & Daniel
Published: 2014/09/23
Channel: Mei Xiong
The Province - Greensboro near UNCG
The Province - Greensboro near UNCG
Published: 2011/03/18
Channel: provincegreensboro
North Carolina Colony Period 4
North Carolina Colony Period 4
Published: 2015/11/13
Channel: Lillian Fonseca
nc colony
nc colony
Published: 2014/04/21
Channel: Vijay Kumar
The Province of Carolina
The Province of Carolina
Published: 2013/10/28
Channel: Maren Fox
The Old North State (North Carolina) - Dr. Lodge McCammon
The Old North State (North Carolina) - Dr. Lodge McCammon's #50StatesAlbum
Published: 2013/07/25
Channel: Lodge McCammon
north carolina colony - Will and Darion
north carolina colony - Will and Darion
Published: 2013/04/03
Channel: Emily Garcia
Tryon Palace New Bern NC Phantom 4 Drone DJI
Tryon Palace New Bern NC Phantom 4 Drone DJI
Published: 2016/07/06
Channel: Willie Lewis
The Province Apartments, Greenville, NC
The Province Apartments, Greenville, NC
Published: 2017/06/06
Channel: Student Housing
Lake Tahoma, Blue Ridge Province, NC
Lake Tahoma, Blue Ridge Province, NC
Published: 2013/04/21
Channel: Jess the Geologist
The Province Cottage
The Province Cottage
Published: 2011/02/24
Channel: provincegreensboro
NC Folk Song
NC Folk Song
Published: 2013/01/27
Channel: Gareth Tomberlin
The Old North State (North Carolina) - Lodge McCammon (feat. Steve Dembo) - #50StatesAlbum
The Old North State (North Carolina) - Lodge McCammon (feat. Steve Dembo) - #50StatesAlbum
Published: 2015/11/14
Channel: Lodge McCammon
Interwar Austria and the Imperial Legacy: The Empire in the Province
Interwar Austria and the Imperial Legacy: The Empire in the Province
Published: 2016/10/06
Channel: John Hope Franklin Center at Duke University
Bad Drivers #10: Raleigh/Cary, NC
Bad Drivers #10: Raleigh/Cary, NC
Published: 2017/03/27
Channel: MA Milián
13112 Province Valley Place, Huntersville, NC Presented by Phil Puma.
13112 Province Valley Place, Huntersville, NC Presented by Phil Puma.
Published: 2016/06/29
Channel: SearchALLPropertiesChannel
ONI FROM NORTH CAROLINA VISIT HIDDEN MOUNTAIN VILLAGE AND GIVE RICE AND OTHER NEEDS FOREIGNER
ONI FROM NORTH CAROLINA VISIT HIDDEN MOUNTAIN VILLAGE AND GIVE RICE AND OTHER NEEDS FOREIGNER
Published: 2017/05/20
Channel: A Foreigner in the Philippines
Spice Bazaar - Durham, North Carolina, based Indian, Pakistani & Halal Grocery Store
Spice Bazaar - Durham, North Carolina, based Indian, Pakistani & Halal Grocery Store
Published: 2012/10/26
Channel: Spice Bazaar
Father & Son Multi-Species Collaboration (Corolla, NC)
Father & Son Multi-Species Collaboration (Corolla, NC)
Published: 2016/07/10
Channel: Extreme Philly Fishing
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Province of North Carolina
1710–1776
Flag
Capital Bath (1710–22)
Edenton (1722–43)
Brunswick Town (1743–70)
New Bern (1770–76)
Languages English, Tutelo, Muscogee, Catawban languages, Tuscarora
Government Constitutional monarchy
Legislature North Carolina Assembly
Historical era Colonial Era
 •  Established December 7, 1710
 •  Independence July 4, 1776
Currency Pound sterling
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Province of Carolina
State of North Carolina
Today part of  United States

The Province of North Carolina was originally part of the Province of Carolina, which was chartered by eight Lords Proprietor. The province later became the U.S. states of North Carolina and Tennessee, and parts of the province combined with other territory to form the states of Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi.[1]

History[edit]

For history prior to 1729, see Province of Carolina.

King Charles II of England granted the Carolina charter in 1663 for land south of Virginia Colony and north of Spanish Florida. Charles II granted the land to eight Lords Proprietors in return for their financial and political assistance in restoring him to the throne in 1660.[2] Because the northern half of the colony differed significantly from the southern half, and because transportation and communication between the two settled regions was difficult, a separate deputy governor was named to administer the northern half of the colony starting in 1691.[3]

The division of the colony into North and South was completed at a meeting of the Lords Proprietors held at Craven House[a] in London on December 7, 1710, although the same proprietors continued to control both colonies.[citation needed] The first Governor of the separate North Carolina Province was Edward Hyde.

Unrest against the proprietors in South Carolina in 1719 led to the appointment of a royal governor in that colony by King George I, whereas the Lords Proprietor continued to appoint the governor of North Carolina.[5]

The dividing line showing the area managed by the descendants of George Carteret

In 1729, after nearly a decade-long attempt by the British government to locate and buy out seven of the eight Lords Proprietors, both Carolinas became royal colonies. The remaining one-eighth share of the Province (part of North Carolina known as the Granville District) was retained by members of the Carteret family until 1776.[6]

Expansion westward from the province's seats of power on the coast began early in the 18th Century, particularly after the conclusion of the Tuscarora and Yamasee wars, in which the largest barrier to colonial settlement further inland was removed. The French and Indian War, and the accompanying Anglo-Cherokee War in which the two remaining major tribes in the province—the Cherokee and Catawba—were effectively neutralized made settlement in large numbers over the Appalachian Mountains more feasible. In order to stifle potential conflict with natives in that region, including the Cherokee, King George III issued the Proclamation of 1763, barring settlers in any of the provinces of North America from settling near the headwaters of any rivers or streams that flowed westward towards the Mississippi River. This included several North Carolina rivers, including the French Broad and Watauga. While this proclamation was not strictly obeyed, and was widely detested in North Carolina, the edict likely served to delay immigration into what is now Tennessee by large masses of people until after the American Revolutionary War.[5]

Settlers continued to flow westwards in smaller numbers, despite the prohibition against doing so, and as a result several trans-Appalachian settlements were formed. Most prominently, the Watauga Association formed in 1772 as an ostensibly-independent territory within the bounds of North Carolina (now modern-day Tennessee), which adopted its own written constitution. Prominent frontiersmen like Daniel Boone traveled back and forth across the invisible proclamation line as market hunters, seeking valuable pelts to sell in eastern settlements, but eventually served as leaders and guides for small groups of immigrants who settled in the areas that are now Tennessee and Kentucky.

Maps[edit]

Two important maps of the province were reproduced: one by Edward Moseley in 1733, and another by John Collet in 1770. Other maps exist dating to the early period of the Age of Discovery that depict portions of the province, or, more specifically, the coastline of the province along with that of South Carolina.[7]

Judiciary[edit]

New Bern courthouse

The Court Act of 1746 established a supreme court, initially known as the General Court, which sat twice a year at New Bern, consisting of a Chief Justice and three Associate Justices.

List of Chief Justices [8]
Incumbent Tenure Notes
Took office Left office
Christopher Gale 1703 1731 interrupted by Tobias Knight and Frederick Jones
William Smith 1 Apr 1731 1731 left for England
John Palin 1731 18 Oct 1732
William Little 18 Oct 1732 1734 died 1734
Daniel Hanmer 1734
William Smith 1740 on return from England, died 1740
John Montgomery 1740
Edward Moseley 1744 1749
Enoch Hall 1749
Eleazer Allen 1749
James Hasell name also spelled Hazel or Hazell
Peter Henley 1758 died 1758
Charles Berry 1760 1766 committed suicide, 1766
Martin Howard 1767 1775 Loyalist, forced to leave
1773-1777 No Courts held

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Craven House, Drury Lane, London was named after William Craven, 1st Earl of Craven (1608–1697). The five storey house was demolished in 1809.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lawson, John (1709). A New Voyage to Carolina. London. p. A2. Retrieved 13 February 2016. 
  2. ^ Danforth Prince (10 March 2011). Frommer's The Carolinas and Georgia. John Wiley & Sons. p. 11. ISBN 978-1-118-03341-8. 
  3. ^ Lawson, John (1709). A New Voyage to Carolina. London. pp. 239–254. Retrieved 13 February 2016. 
  4. ^ Wheatley, Cunningham (1891). London Past and Present. Volume 1 A-D. London: John Murray. p. 472. OCLC 832579536. Retrieved 10 May 2017. 
  5. ^ a b Hugh T. Lefler and William S. Powell, Colonial North Carolina: A History (Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, 1973)
  6. ^ Mitchell, Thornton W., "Granville Grant and District", Encyclopedia of North Carolina, William S. Powell, ed. (UNC Press, 2006)
  7. ^ Richard A. Stephenson and William S. Powell. "Maps". NCPedia.org. North Carolina Government & Heritage Library. Retrieved December 12, 2012. 
  8. ^ "History of the Supreme Court of North Carolina" (PDF). Retrieved 20 October 2015. 
 9. http://www.softschools.com/facts/13_colonies/north_carolina_colony_facts/2047/

External links[edit]

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