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Concord International Church, North Carolina Relief Distribution at Andap COMVAL Province
Concord International Church, North Carolina Relief Distribution at Andap COMVAL Province
::2013/02/17::
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2
The Province | Greenville NC Apartments | EDR Trust
The Province | Greenville NC Apartments | EDR Trust
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Concord International Church, North Carolina Relief Distribution at Andap COMVAL Province
Concord International Church, North Carolina Relief Distribution at Andap COMVAL Province
::2013/02/15::
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First to Try (South Carolina) - Dr. Lodge McCammon - #50StatesAlbum
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The Province Greensboro- UNCG
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Lake Tahoma, Blue Ridge Province, NC
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NPR - Marines Preparing for battle in Southern Afghanistan
::2009/06/22::
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::2013/09/22::
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::2011/03/29::
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Swedish Folk Dance - Östgötapolska
::2008/08/10::
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Digging for History | North Carolina Science Now | UNC-TV
::2014/06/26::
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Province of South Carolina - 5th Period
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::2014/05/09::
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The Province Greenville | Greenville NC Apartments | EDR Trust
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::2013/12/29::
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Kathy Reichs -- Bones To Ashes -- Book Video
::2007/06/14::
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Fighting Tyranny - Hutt River Province inside Western Australia
Fighting Tyranny - Hutt River Province inside Western Australia
::2010/04/02::
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Jermaine Haley - Class of 2016
::2014/04/22::
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NC A&T Holland Residence Hall Video Tour
NC A&T Holland Residence Hall Video Tour
::2011/05/05::
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Drive from Valley and Ridge into the Blue Ridge Province near TN/NC border
::2014/12/01::
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Armadillo, Caleta Valdés, Chubut Province, Argentina, South America
Armadillo, Caleta Valdés, Chubut Province, Argentina, South America
::2014/01/08::
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State Challenge: Ohio vs. N. Carolina
State Challenge: Ohio vs. N. Carolina
::2012/03/27::
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University Towers | Raleigh NC | EDR Trust
University Towers | Raleigh NC | EDR Trust
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MOUNT SINABUNG ERUPTS spewing ash in Indonesia
MOUNT SINABUNG ERUPTS spewing ash in Indonesia's North Sumatra province !! January 2014!
::2014/01/19::
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"Thriller" (original upload)
"Thriller" (original upload)
::2007/07/17::
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End of Tradition - Shin Iga Province - Allied Red Alert 3 Uprising Hard Campaign Mission #1
End of Tradition - Shin Iga Province - Allied Red Alert 3 Uprising Hard Campaign Mission #1
::2013/12/03::
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Showy lady slipper - Cypripedium reginae - flower opening
Showy lady slipper - Cypripedium reginae - flower opening
::2008/08/07::
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Travel Across Province of Xin Jiang in North West China
Travel Across Province of Xin Jiang in North West China
::2013/09/18::
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National Guard F-16
National Guard F-16's and AH-64D Apaches Deploy For Carolina Thunder 14!
::2014/11/16::
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Alex Martin LIVE - Tecún Umán, Pedro de Alvarado, and the Quetzal
Alex Martin LIVE - Tecún Umán, Pedro de Alvarado, and the Quetzal
::2013/09/30::
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University of North Carolina Greensboro Students React to New Security Initiative
University of North Carolina Greensboro Students React to New Security Initiative
::2012/01/30::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Province of North Carolina
British colony

1712–1776


Flag

Capital Bath (1705-1722, de facto)
Edenton (1722-1743, de facto)
Brunswick Town (1743-1770, de facto)
New Bern (1770-1776)
Languages English
Government Constitutional monarchy
Legislature North Carolina Assembly
Historical era Colonial Era
 -  Established 1712
 -  Independence 4 July 1776
Currency Pound sterling

The Province of North Carolina (also known variously as the North Carolina Colony, and sometimes as the Royal Colony of North Carolina) was originally part of the Province of Carolina in British America, which was chartered by eight Lords Proprietor. The province later became the U.S. states of North Carolina and Tennessee, and parts of the province combined with other territory to form the states of Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi.

History[edit]

For history prior to 1729, see Province of Carolina.

Division of the Provinces[edit]

King Charles II of England granted the Carolina charter in 1663 for land south of Virginia Colony and north of Spanish Florida. Charles II granted the land to eight Lords Proprietors in return for their financial and political assistance in restoring him to the throne in 1660.[1] Because the northern half of the colony differed significantly from the southern half, and because transportation and communication between the two settled regions was difficult, a separate deputy governor was named to administer the northern half of the colony starting in 1691. The division of the colony into North and South was completed at a meeting of the Lords Proprietors held at Craven House in London on December 7, 1710, although the same proprietors continued to control both colonies.[citation needed] Unrest against the proprietors in South Carolina in 1719 led to the appointment of a royal governor in that colony by King George I, but the Lords Proprietor continued to appoint the governor of North Carolina.[2]

The dividing line showing the area managed by the descendants of George Carteret

In 1729, after nearly a decade-long attempt by the British government to locate and buy out seven of the eight Lords Proprietors, both Carolinas became royal colonies. The remaining one-eighth share of the Province (part of North Carolina known as the Granville District) was retained by members of the Carteret family until 1776.[3]

Royal Proclamation of 1763 and westward expansion[edit]

Expansion westward from the province's seats of power on the coast began early in the 18th Century, particularly after the conclusion of the Tuscarora and Yamasee wars, in which the largest barrier to colonial settlement further inland was removed. The French and Indian War, and the accompanying Anglo-Cherokee War in which the two remaining major tribes in the province—the Cherokee and Catawba—were effectively neutralized made settlement in large numbers over the Appalachian Mountains more feasible. In order to stifle potential conflict with natives in that region, including the Cherokee, King George III issued the Proclamation of 1763, barring settlers in any of the provinces of North America from settling near the headwaters of any rivers or streams that flowed westward towards the Mississippi River. This included several North Carolina rivers, including the French Broad and Watauga. While this proclamation was not strictly obeyed, and was widely detested in North Carolina, the edict likely served to delay immigration into what is now Tennessee by large masses of people until after the American Revolutionary War.[2]

Settlers continued to flow westwards in smaller numbers, despite the prohibition against doing so, and as a result several trans-Appalachian settlements were formed. Most prominently, the Watauga Association formed in 1772 as an ostensibly-independent territory within the bounds of North Carolina (now modern-day Tennessee), which adopted its own written constitution. Prominent frontiersmen like Daniel Boone traveled back and forth across the invisible proclamation line as market hunters, seeking valuable pelts to sell in eastern settlements, but eventually served as leaders and guides for small groups of emigrants who settled in the areas that are now Tennessee and Kentucky.

Maps[edit]

Two important maps of the province were produced: one by Edward Moseley in 1733, and another by John Collet in 1770. Other maps exist dating to the early period of the Age of Discovery that depict portions of the province, or, more specifically, the coastline of the province along with that of South Carolina.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Danforth Prince (10 March 2011). Frommer's The Carolinas and Georgia. John Wiley & Sons. p. 11. ISBN 978-1-118-03341-8. 
  2. ^ a b Hugh T. Lefler and William S. Powell, Colonial North Carolina: A History (Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, 1973)
  3. ^ Mitchell, Thornton W., "Granville Grant and District", Encyclopedia of North Carolina, William S. Powell, ed. (UNC Press, 2006)
  4. ^ Richard A. Stephenson and William S. Powell. "Maps". NCPedia.org. North Carolina Government & Heritage Library. Retrieved December 12, 2012. 

External links[edit]

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