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Hawaii's Ancient City of Refuge, Pu'uhonua o Honaunau National Historic Park
Published: 2013/07/20
Channel: NorthWoodsVideo
Puuhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park in 64 Seconds
Puuhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park in 64 Seconds
Published: 2012/08/09
Channel: U.S. National Parks of the Pacific Islands
Hawaii! - Big Island - Pu
Hawaii! - Big Island - Pu'uhonua o Honaunau
Published: 2014/08/14
Channel: Christopher Disdero
Tour Pu
Tour Pu'uhonua O Honaunau National Park "City of Refuge"
Published: 2017/02/19
Channel: JibaJabaJ
Kua Bay | Pu
Kua Bay | Pu'uhonua O Honaunau National Historical Park | Kona Coffee Farm | Exploring Hawaii | Vlog
Published: 2017/06/28
Channel: JessicaAloha TV
Puuhonua O Honaunau National Historical Park
Puuhonua O Honaunau National Historical Park
Published: 2015/11/10
Channel: myRVadventures
360 Puʻuhonua o Hōnaunau National Historical Park
360 Puʻuhonua o Hōnaunau National Historical Park
Published: 2016/08/07
Channel: Jason Leigh
360 Puʻuhonua o Hōnaunau National Historical Park
360 Puʻuhonua o Hōnaunau National Historical Park
Published: 2016/08/07
Channel: Jason Leigh
Dolphins at Puʻuhonua o Hōnaunau National Historical Park (Honaunau Bay)
Dolphins at Puʻuhonua o Hōnaunau National Historical Park (Honaunau Bay)
Published: 2015/04/29
Channel: glongfel
Puuhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park In Big Island, Hawaii-UHD 4K
Puuhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park In Big Island, Hawaii-UHD 4K
Published: 2014/11/11
Channel: corgLLC
Puʻuhonua o Hōnaunau National Historic Park, Hawai
Puʻuhonua o Hōnaunau National Historic Park, Hawai'i
Published: 2017/07/23
Channel: Stephen Hill
Pu`uhonua O Hōnaunau National Historical Park
Pu`uhonua O Hōnaunau National Historical Park
Published: 2015/11/09
Channel: John MacDonald
Puuhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park Hawaiian Cultural Festival
Puuhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park Hawaiian Cultural Festival
Published: 2014/07/08
Channel: West Hawaii Today
Puuhonua O Honaunau Cleans Up After Severe Wave Damage
Puuhonua O Honaunau Cleans Up After Severe Wave Damage
Published: 2015/01/28
Channel: Big Island Video News
Puuhonua o Honaunau Historical Park
Puuhonua o Honaunau Historical Park
Published: 2011/06/30
Channel: Hawaii
Pu`uhonua O Hōnaunau National Historical Park
Pu`uhonua O Hōnaunau National Historical Park
Published: 2015/11/21
Channel: Ra Lion
City of Refuge  Puuhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park, Hawaii
City of Refuge Puuhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park, Hawaii
Published: 2014/11/23
Channel: Bert Bautista
Puuhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park, Hawaii
Puuhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park, Hawaii
Published: 2011/02/08
Channel: kamera365
Puuhonua O Honaunau National Historic Park
Puuhonua O Honaunau National Historic Park
Published: 2010/11/24
Channel: Ron Russak
Puuhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park (aka The Place of Refuge) on the Big Island of Hawaii
Puuhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park (aka The Place of Refuge) on the Big Island of Hawaii
Published: 2010/09/17
Channel: Wahine Paniolo
Pu
Pu'uhonua O Hōnaunau National Historical Park 50th Anniversary
Published: 2011/06/27
Channel: FestivalsOfHawaii
Pu`uhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park
Pu`uhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park
Published: 2009/01/16
Channel: Sarah Sinc
Kona Refuge tide pool turtle, Pu`uhonua O Hōnaunau National Historical Park,
Kona Refuge tide pool turtle, Pu`uhonua O Hōnaunau National Historical Park,
Published: 2015/04/23
Channel: Willie Moneda
Pu
Pu'uhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park
Published: 2009/03/25
Channel: Eric Nelson
July 27, 2011 - Pu
July 27, 2011 - Pu'uhonua o Honaunau National Historic Park
Published: 2011/07/28
Channel: NotoriousQOB
Pu
Pu'uhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park, Hawaii
Published: 2012/04/24
Channel: joeyaudio
Hukilau at 2012 Cultural Festival at Pu`uhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park
Hukilau at 2012 Cultural Festival at Pu`uhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park
Published: 2012/07/02
Channel: U.S. National Parks of the Pacific Islands
Place of Refuge - Pu`uhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park
Place of Refuge - Pu`uhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park
Published: 2012/02/02
Channel: govisithawaii
Pu
Pu'uhonua o Honaunau National Park
Published: 2011/07/27
Channel: CyArk
Spear Thowing at Pu
Spear Thowing at Pu'uhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park
Published: 2014/06/28
Channel: U.S. National Parks of the Pacific Islands
2012 Cultural Festival at Pu`uhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park
2012 Cultural Festival at Pu`uhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park
Published: 2012/07/01
Channel: U.S. National Parks of the Pacific Islands
Fly-through of Pu
Fly-through of Pu'uhonua o Honaunau NHP, Honaunau, HI
Published: 2016/01/11
Channel: HABS HAER HALS
Exploring the Pu
Exploring the Pu'uhonua o Honaunau National Historic Park in Honaunau
Published: 2016/09/22
Channel: skaai
プウホヌア・オ・ ホナウナウ国立歴史公園 : Pu
プウホヌア・オ・ ホナウナウ国立歴史公園 : Pu'uhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park. /ぶらり旅ハワイ
Published: 2017/06/26
Channel: ぶらり旅ハワイ
Pu
Pu'uhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park Hawaiian Cultural Festival (June 29, 2013)
Published: 2013/06/29
Channel: U.S. National Parks of the Pacific Islands
Hula at Pu
Hula at Pu'uhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park
Published: 2014/06/28
Channel: U.S. National Parks of the Pacific Islands
The Place of Refuge - Pu
The Place of Refuge - Pu'uhonua o Honaunau
Published: 2007/04/09
Channel: gottiki
Big Island of Hawaii - Pu’uhonua O Honaunau National Park 360 video made with VeeR Editor
Big Island of Hawaii - Pu’uhonua O Honaunau National Park 360 video made with VeeR Editor
Published: 2017/10/13
Channel: jingshu chen
Pu
Pu'uhonua o Honaunau - KONAWEB.com
Published: 2012/08/22
Channel: Konabob Stoffer
Pu`uhonua O Honaunau (Place of Refuge) National Historical Park
Pu`uhonua O Honaunau (Place of Refuge) National Historical Park
Published: 2012/11/05
Channel: Jia Wei Tam
Hawaiian Nose Flute Puʻuhonua o Hōnaunau National Historical Park
Hawaiian Nose Flute Puʻuhonua o Hōnaunau National Historical Park
Published: 2016/10/23
Channel: Daniella Caccavalla
Pu`uhonua O Hōnaunau National Historical Park Hawai
Pu`uhonua O Hōnaunau National Historical Park Hawai'i
Published: 2013/02/09
Channel: ThePsychodo
Beautiful Big Island Tidepools and Sea Life at Puuhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park, Hawaii
Beautiful Big Island Tidepools and Sea Life at Puuhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park, Hawaii
Published: 2013/07/06
Channel: Happy Travelers
Honaunau National Historic Park
Honaunau National Historic Park
Published: 2013/01/17
Channel: ScenicHawaii - Hawaii's HD Channel 1001
Pu
Pu'uhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park Hawaiian Cultural Festival (June 29, 2013)
Published: 2013/06/29
Channel: U.S. National Parks of the Pacific Islands
Pu
Pu'uhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park ②
Published: 2011/04/10
Channel: booopooo
Pu
Pu'uhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park Hawaiian Cultural Festival (June 29, 2013)
Published: 2013/06/29
Channel: U.S. National Parks of the Pacific Islands
Turtle on beach in Hawaii: Pu
Turtle on beach in Hawaii: Pu'uhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park
Published: 2011/11/03
Channel: geoffmobile
Pu
Pu'uhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park Hawaiian Cultural Festival (June 29, 2013)
Published: 2013/06/29
Channel: U.S. National Parks of the Pacific Islands
Dolphins @ Pu
Dolphins @ Pu'uhonua o Honaunau National Historic Park, Hawaii
Published: 2016/06/23
Channel: Julian G. Wilson
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Puʻuhonua o Hōnaunau National Historical Park
IUCN category V (protected landscape/seascape)
thatched structure with carvings at sea shore
Reconstructed Hale o Keawe
Map showing the location of Puʻuhonua o Hōnaunau National Historical Park
Map showing the location of Puʻuhonua o Hōnaunau National Historical Park
Location Hawaii County, Hawaii, United States
Nearest city Holualoa, Hawaiʻi
Coordinates 19°25′19″N 155°54′37″W / 19.42194°N 155.91028°W / 19.42194; -155.91028Coordinates: 19°25′19″N 155°54′37″W / 19.42194°N 155.91028°W / 19.42194; -155.91028
Area 420 acres (170 ha)
Established July 26, 1955
Visitors 421,027 (in 2016)[1]
Governing body National Park Service
Website Puʻuhonua o Hōnaunau National Historical Park

Puʻuhonua o Hōnaunau National Historical Park is a United States National Historical Park located on the west coast of the island of Hawaiʻi in the U.S. state of Hawaiʻi. The historical park preserves the site where, up until the early 19th century, Hawaiians who broke a kapu (one of the ancient laws) could avoid certain death by fleeing to this place of refuge or puʻuhonua. The offender would be absolved by a priest and freed to leave. Defeated warriors and non-combatants could also find refuge here during times of battle. The grounds just outside the Great Wall that encloses the puʻuhonua were home to several generations of powerful chiefs.

Park name and features[edit]

The 420 acre (1.7 km2) site was originally established in 1955 as City of Refuge National Historical Park and was renamed on November 10, 1978. In 2000 the name was changed by the Hawaiian National Park Language Correction Act of 2000 observing the Hawaiian spelling.[2] It includes the puʻuhonua and a complex of archeological sites including: temple platforms, royal fishponds, sledding tracks, and some coastal village sites. The Hale o Keawe temple and several thatched structures have been reconstructed.

Hale o Keawe heiau[edit]

The park contains a reconstruction of the Hale o Keawe heiau, which was originally built by a Kona chief named Kanuha in honor of his father King Keaweʻīkekahialiʻiokamoku. After the death of Keaweʻīkekahialiʻiokamoku, his bones were entombed within the heiau. The nobility (ali'i) of Kona continued to be buried until the abolition of the kapu system. The last person buried here was a son of Kamehameha I in 1818.

It was believed that additional protection to the place of refuge was received from the mana in the bones of the chiefs. It survived several years after other temples were destroyed. It was looted by Lord George Byron (cousin of the distinguished English poet) in 1825.[3] In 1829, High Chiefess Kapiʻolani removed the remaining bones and hid them in the Pali Kapu O Keōua cliffs above nearby Kealakekua Bay. She then ordered this last temple to be destroyed. The bones were later moved to the Royal Mausoleum of Hawaii in 1858.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Park Service Visitor Use Statistics". National Park Service. Retrieved April 26, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Hawaiian National Park Language Correction Act of 2000 (S.939)" (PDF). Govtrack.us. Retrieved 28 July 2017. 
  3. ^ Rowland Bloxam (1920). "Visit of H.M.S. Blonde to Hawaii in 1825". All about Hawaii: Thrum's Hawaiian annual and standard guide. Thomas G. Thrum, Honolulu: 66–82. 
  4. ^ Alexander, William DeWitt (1894). "The "Hale o Keawe" at Honaunau, Hawaii". Journal of the Polynesian Society. London: E. A. Petherick. 3: 159–161. 
  • Ward, Greg. 2004, The Rough Guide to Hawaii. Rough Guides.

External links[edit]

External video
Fly-through of Pu'uhonua o Honaunau NHP, Honaunau, HI, HALS, March 18, 2014

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