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The Beatles at The Public Auditorium in Cleveland in 1964
The Beatles at The Public Auditorium in Cleveland in 1964
Published: 2013/10/02
Channel: Abbey Road
David Bowie 1976 Public Auditorium, Cleveland, OH, USA (audio)
David Bowie 1976 Public Auditorium, Cleveland, OH, USA (audio)
Published: 2017/09/03
Channel: david bowie tin machine
Public Auditorium - Henrik Hovhannisyan / Combinat Production
Public Auditorium - Henrik Hovhannisyan / Combinat Production
Published: 2015/08/20
Channel: Combinat Production
Ready to rock for Rock Hall Induction ceremonies: Public Auditorium update, Cleveland MMCC
Ready to rock for Rock Hall Induction ceremonies: Public Auditorium update, Cleveland MMCC
Published: 2012/04/02
Channel: SmartBusinessNetwork
Public Auditorium, Nicoadala - Mozambique
Public Auditorium, Nicoadala - Mozambique
Published: 2016/01/25
Channel: United Purpose
1968-08-03 - WKYC Radio Ads for the Doors at Cleveland Public Auditorium
1968-08-03 - WKYC Radio Ads for the Doors at Cleveland Public Auditorium
Published: 2016/08/03
Channel: The Doors Miscellany Channel
Girl Talk - Cleveland Public Auditorium - Dance Party on Stage
Girl Talk - Cleveland Public Auditorium - Dance Party on Stage
Published: 2012/04/10
Channel: Joseph Banner
Start-to-Finish: Executive Caterers at Cleveland Public Auditorium
Start-to-Finish: Executive Caterers at Cleveland Public Auditorium
Published: 2017/06/08
Channel: Landerhaven
Moody Blues "Question"  Live Cleveland OH Public Auditorium September 24 1970 (Audio)
Moody Blues "Question" Live Cleveland OH Public Auditorium September 24 1970 (Audio)
Published: 2013/02/20
Channel: Chris Zimmer
It
It's Only Rock and Roll Benefit at Cleveland Public Auditorium
Published: 2014/01/31
Channel: Landerhaven
Hall and Oates "Private Eyes" at Cleveland Public Auditorium 10 May 2014
Hall and Oates "Private Eyes" at Cleveland Public Auditorium 10 May 2014
Published: 2014/06/03
Channel: JennMD1971
Jethro Tull - 1972-10-21 - Public Hall Cleveland Ohio USA
Jethro Tull - 1972-10-21 - Public Hall Cleveland Ohio USA
Published: 2017/10/18
Channel: Deer5001RockConcert 1
Public Auditorium - Armen Ashotyan / Combinat Production
Public Auditorium - Armen Ashotyan / Combinat Production
Published: 2015/08/20
Channel: Combinat Production
Public Auditorium - Armen Muradyan / Combinat Production
Public Auditorium - Armen Muradyan / Combinat Production
Published: 2015/08/20
Channel: Combinat Production
Public Auditorium - Armen Martirosyan / Combinat Production
Public Auditorium - Armen Martirosyan / Combinat Production
Published: 2015/08/20
Channel: Combinat Production
Convention Center Public Auditorium, Auditorium Seating Charts
Convention Center Public Auditorium, Auditorium Seating Charts
Published: 2009/04/18
Channel: hallauditorium1
Broomfield public auditorium
Broomfield public auditorium
Published: 2012/12/08
Channel: Henry harding
NASA Tech Days at Cleveland
NASA Tech Days at Cleveland's Public Auditorium
Published: 2013/03/11
Channel: okrajoe
Public Hall prepares for Induction Ceremony
Public Hall prepares for Induction Ceremony
Published: 2012/04/09
Channel: News 5 Cleveland
Bb. San Jacinto 2012 Opening Number @ SJ Public Auditorium
Bb. San Jacinto 2012 Opening Number @ SJ Public Auditorium
Published: 2012/05/20
Channel: tamondongmichael1
15 Hours in 15 Minutes - Public Hall 2013 Best of Cleveland Party
15 Hours in 15 Minutes - Public Hall 2013 Best of Cleveland Party
Published: 2013/10/15
Channel: Rock The House
CHEAP TRICK I Want You To Want Me LIVE Cleveland Public Hall 5-6-16 by M. Pilmer
CHEAP TRICK I Want You To Want Me LIVE Cleveland Public Hall 5-6-16 by M. Pilmer
Published: 2016/05/09
Channel: Michael Pilmer
Girl Talk live at Public Hall, Cleveland OH
Girl Talk live at Public Hall, Cleveland OH
Published: 2012/04/08
Channel: tariq182
Neil Young - Live at Public Hall Cleveland, Ohio - 1973-02-11
Neil Young - Live at Public Hall Cleveland, Ohio - 1973-02-11
Published: 2017/03/29
Channel: Deer5001
Hillary and LeBron James in Cleveland Ohio at Public Auditorium
Hillary and LeBron James in Cleveland Ohio at Public Auditorium
Published: 2016/11/06
Channel: Outcast Voters League
Light My Fire - The Doors Live At Cleveland Public Auditorium, OH.  August 3, 1968
Light My Fire - The Doors Live At Cleveland Public Auditorium, OH. August 3, 1968
Published: 2011/10/04
Channel: rutazzurra
The Doors - 05 - Cleveland Public Auditorium, August 3, 1968 - When The Music
The Doors - 05 - Cleveland Public Auditorium, August 3, 1968 - When The Music's Over
Published: 2013/01/28
Channel: The Severed Garden
David Bowie february 28th 1976 Public Auditorium Cleveland ohio
David Bowie february 28th 1976 Public Auditorium Cleveland ohio
Published: 2017/10/06
Channel: peter masterson
Public Auditorium - Aram Abrahamyan / Combinat Production
Public Auditorium - Aram Abrahamyan / Combinat Production
Published: 2015/08/20
Channel: Combinat Production
The Doors - 02 - Cleveland Public Auditorium, August 3, 1968 - Break On Through
The Doors - 02 - Cleveland Public Auditorium, August 3, 1968 - Break On Through
Published: 2013/01/28
Channel: The Severed Garden
The Doors - 04 -  Cleveland Public Auditorium, August 3, 1968 - Five To One
The Doors - 04 - Cleveland Public Auditorium, August 3, 1968 - Five To One
Published: 2013/01/28
Channel: The Severed Garden
Auditorium Lighting Training public view
Auditorium Lighting Training public view
Published: 2013/10/11
Channel: mehlvillestaffvideos
The Doors - 07 - Cleveland Public Auditorium, August 3, 1968 - Soul Kitchen
The Doors - 07 - Cleveland Public Auditorium, August 3, 1968 - Soul Kitchen
Published: 2013/01/29
Channel: The Severed Garden
2016 San Felipe Band at the San Felipe Public Auditorium
2016 San Felipe Band at the San Felipe Public Auditorium
Published: 2016/02/22
Channel: Reynaldo Sebastian
Girl Talk With Smoke Screen Live At Public Hall
Girl Talk With Smoke Screen Live At Public Hall
Published: 2012/04/11
Channel: Smoke Screen
Sequin Tablecloths for Cocktail Hour at the Public Auditorium
Sequin Tablecloths for Cocktail Hour at the Public Auditorium
Published: 2016/04/23
Channel: Elegance 4my Event
AHA Light Festival - Public Auditorium Unveiling
AHA Light Festival - Public Auditorium Unveiling
Published: 2014/08/08
Channel: Neighborhood Progress
The Doors - 03 - Cleveland Public Auditorium, August 3, 1968 - Back Door Man
The Doors - 03 - Cleveland Public Auditorium, August 3, 1968 - Back Door Man
Published: 2013/01/28
Channel: The Severed Garden
2015 NFL Draft Party at Public Hall
2015 NFL Draft Party at Public Hall
Published: 2015/04/30
Channel: News 5 Cleveland
Sugaree (Live at Cleveland Public Auditorium, Cleveland, OH, 8/26/80)
Sugaree (Live at Cleveland Public Auditorium, Cleveland, OH, 8/26/80)
Published: 2015/05/13
Channel: Grateful Dead - Topic
Public Hall
Public Hall
Published: 2014/02/27
Channel: Caradon Heritage
The Doors - 08 - Cleveland Public Auditorium, August 3, 1968 - Light My Fire
The Doors - 08 - Cleveland Public Auditorium, August 3, 1968 - Light My Fire
Published: 2013/01/29
Channel: The Severed Garden
Grateful Dead Public Hall Cleveland Ohio December 6, 1973
Grateful Dead Public Hall Cleveland Ohio December 6, 1973
Published: 2016/01/28
Channel: Anton Capan
Sudarshana Public Auditorium Program
Sudarshana Public Auditorium Program
Published: 2014/11/21
Channel: Tirtharaj Sarma
They Love Each Other - Grateful Dead - Cleveland Public Hall - Cleveland, OH - 11/29/79
They Love Each Other - Grateful Dead - Cleveland Public Hall - Cleveland, OH - 11/29/79
Published: 2012/09/07
Channel: lysergical1
Crazy Dee TV: Ohio Homecoming/Unity Step Show At Public Auditorium
Crazy Dee TV: Ohio Homecoming/Unity Step Show At Public Auditorium
Published: 2010/07/27
Channel: LORDLANDFILMS The Power of Creation
Cleveland Auditorium E.M. Skinner Pipe Organ
Cleveland Auditorium E.M. Skinner Pipe Organ
Published: 2009/05/22
Channel: Vic Ferrer
The Doors - 01 - Cleveland Public Auditorium, August 3, 1968 - House Announcer
The Doors - 01 - Cleveland Public Auditorium, August 3, 1968 - House Announcer
Published: 2013/01/28
Channel: The Severed Garden
The Doors - 06 - Cleveland Public Auditorium, August 3, 1968 - What Do You Wanna Hear
The Doors - 06 - Cleveland Public Auditorium, August 3, 1968 - What Do You Wanna Hear
Published: 2013/01/29
Channel: The Severed Garden
Grateful Dead Public Hall Cleveland Ohio December 6, 1973
Grateful Dead Public Hall Cleveland Ohio December 6, 1973
Published: 2016/01/28
Channel: Anton Capan
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Public Auditorium
Public Hall · Music Hall
Cleveaud.jpg
West façade facing the Cleveland Mall
Location 500 Lakeside Avenue
Cleveland, Ohio 44114
Coordinates 41°30′15″N 81°41′38″W / 41.504061°N 81.694017°W / 41.504061; -81.694017Coordinates: 41°30′15″N 81°41′38″W / 41.504061°N 81.694017°W / 41.504061; -81.694017
Owner City of Cleveland
Type Multi-purpose facility
Houses two separate venues
Capacity 10,000 (main auditorium)
3,000 (Music Hall)
600 (Little Theater)
Opened 1922
Website
Official website

Public Auditorium (also known as Public Hall) is a multi-purpose performing arts, entertainment, sports, and exposition facility located in the civic center district of downtown Cleveland, Ohio. The 10,000-capacity main auditorium shares its stage with a second venue housed at the facility: the 3,000-capacity Music Hall.[1][2] Although Public Auditorium was planned and funded prior to World War I, construction did not begin until 1920, and the building did not open until 1922. Designed by city architect J. Harold McDowell and Frank Walker of Walker and Weeks in a neoclassical style matching the other Group Plan buildings, it was the largest of its kind when opened, then seating 11,500.[3]

Construction and expansion[edit]

The auditorium cornerstone was laid October 20, 1920, and the completed building was dedicated April 15, 1922. Smith & Oby was one local company involved in the project, at the time the largest convention hall in the United States. The main arena floor is 300 ft × 215 ft (91 m × 66 m) and 80 ft (24 m) high. No columns were used in its construction. With all its removeable seats in place on the arena floor and in the balcony, the hall could seat 13,000.[4] The main stage is 140 ft × 60 ft (43 m × 18 m) with a 72 ft × 42 ft (22 m × 13 m) proscenium arch. A key attraction was a spectacular pipe organ, Opus 328, the largest ever built at one time by E.M. Skinner with 10,010 pipes and 150 direct speaking stops.[5][6] Belowground, a basement Exhibition Hall provided more than 28,500 sq ft (2,650 m2) of exhibition space. This space was reached by an elegant stone staircased with bronze lights which led down from Public Auditorium's lobby. But the exhibition space itself was uninviting. It had an asphalt floor, was undecorated, and was interrupted by more than 40 columns.[4]

Public Auditorium was considered so advanced architecturally that it became the model for similar public auditoriums in Atlantic City, New Jersey, and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.[4]

1928 and 1936 additions[edit]

In 1928, the Music Hall and Little Theater were added at the south end of Public Auditorium, and a terrace added to the north end.[4] The stage between the main hall and Music Hall was shared by both halls by employing a curtain system.

In 1936, two underground spaces were added to Public Auditorium. The ballroom was built beneath Mall B of the Cleveland Mall, while the Lakeside Exhibition Hall (also known as the North Exhibition Hall) was built below Mall C between the Cuyahoga County Courthouse and Cleveland City Hall.[4]

The seating capacity of the main auditorium, including the main floor and the U-shaped balcony, was eventually reduced to about 10,000.[7] Music Hall seats 3,000,[7] and the Little Theater 600.[7]

1964 alterations[edit]

In 1964, the city constructed a new underground convention center. The ballroom/exhibition space below Mall B was demolished and a much larger "Great Hall" (the convention center) built in its place. A tunnel was constructed below Lakeside Avenue to connect the new "Great Hall" to the Lakeside Exhibition Hall. On the west side of Public Auditorium, a four-story (one source says three-and-a-half story)[7] modern glass and metal entrance pavilion added new lobby space for both buildings.

1987 renovations[edit]

From 1983 to 1987, the convention center and Public Auditorium were both extensively renovated. The Exhibition Hall below Public Auditorium was radically changed, with a lobby/ballroom created out of former service space at the north end of the hall. A stone staircase was built in this area to connect the space to the hall above.[4] This area could accommodate up to 2,000 people. The rest of the old Exhibition Hall was turned into 15 meeting rooms (ranging in size from 10 to 700 seats), office space, a cocktail lounge, and a piano bar arranged around a central block.[8] A corridor hugged the exterior wall of the old hall, providing access to the meeting rooms. This corridor had decorative stone panels on one side and painted wood on the other, and was lined with sturdy chair upholstered in luggage fabric. The old asphalt floor was covered with concrete, and then tiled and carpeted. Cove lighting lit the corridor and meeting rooms.[4] The Lakeside Exhibition Hall was converted into a ballroom with kitchen, and the north wall of the hall torn out and replaced with a glass curtain wall that had views of Lake Erie.

The bathrooms in Public Auditorium were renovated to make them accessible as well as modern,[9] and all public spaces in Public Auditorium were retiled, repainted, and replastered, while furniture received new upholstery.[10] The north terrace was rebuilt in four different colors of granite.[11] New taxicab stands were built at each end of Public Auditorium, and small gardens placed at each end of each taxi stand.[7]

The overall decorating scheme featured colors of muted beige, blue, gray, green, and rose.[8]

The reception pavilion received a $1.8 million ($3,794,552 in 2016 dollars) overhaul. Its exterior metal façade was removed[7] and replaced with beige limestone.[11] The glass curtain wall received new mechanical louvers.[7] The interior wall coverings of dark wood paneling and bronzed aluminum were replaced with a cream-colored travertine wainscoting[11] topped by a band of polished stone.[4] Fabric covered the walls above the bandk,[7] and white wooden grills were used to help break up the space.[4] A new terrazzo floor in pastel colors was also installed.[4] Displays about where to eat, drink, and shop in downtown Cleveland were added to the lobby, as were several kiosks where airlines could assist convention-goers in making plane reservations. Six 20-foot (6.1 m) trees were planted inside the lobby to make it more inviting,[11] and new paving and exterior lighting were installed outside the pavilion.[7]

A number of changes were made to the landscape around Public Auditorium. New signage with contemporary graphics were installed throughout the area.[4] The pedestrian bridge over E. Mall Drive, which connected the upper level of the reception pavilion to Mall B, was reconfigured into a small plaza with flagpoles. Over the entrance to the pavilion hung a 40-foot (12 m) sculpture. Consisting of a number of metal flags, it spun in the wind.[11] Around Public Auditorium, new streetlight lampposts, based on a 1922 design, were manufactured and installed.[11][4] The terraces on the north and south ends of Public Auditorium were also refubished. Both received new stone paving and new wooden benches for seating, and the plain aluminum railings were painted to look like copper. The terraces were made more friendly by also adding a number of small trees in planters. A new Postmodern-style arch was constructed to mark the entrance to the north terrace.[4]

2000s changes[edit]

In 2008, all seats were replaced in the balcony.[12]

In 2010, the city sold the underground convention center to Cuyahoga County, which repurposed it to construct the new $465 million Cleveland Convention Center, connected to the Global Center for Health Innovation. The work included a $3.9 million renovation and restoration of Public Auditorium.[12] The 1964 pavilion addition was demolished, and the building's west facade was restored.[13]

When the neighboring Crowne Plaza was sold and renovated as the Westin Hotel Cleveland in 2013, its new owners considered building a skywalk across East 6th Street connecting it to Public Auditorium.[14] It was not constructed.

Events[edit]

2012 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame induction ceremony held at Public Hall

Public Auditorium has hosted many notable events, including the 1924 and 1936 Republican National Conventions, General Eisenhower's address on September 23, 1952 to 15,000 supporters immediately after Richard Nixon's successful Fund Speech, and the 1993 Cleveland Orchestra 75th anniversary concert.[3] In 1946, jazz guitarist Django Reinhardt made his American debut at Music Hall, accompanied by pianist Duke Ellington.[15] Both Music Hall and Public Hall - the main auditorium have served as venues for many rock and roll acts, including such legendary performers as Elvis Presley, The Beatles, The Supremes, Jimi Hendrix, the Grateful Dead, Janis Joplin, and The Rolling Stones,[16] Anthrax,[17] Exodus[18] and the Beastie Boys.[19] It also was the home for the Metropolitan Opera Spring Tour performances between 1924 and 1983. Its use as a concert venue declined sharply after the completion of the Wolstein Center at Cleveland State University in 1991.

The annual Rock and Roll Hall of Fame induction ceremonies have been held in Public Auditorium several times. In April 2009, it hosted the 24th induction ceremonies, the first open to the public.[20] On April 14, 2012, the facility hosted the Hall of Fame's 27th induction ceremonies.[21] On April 18, 2015, the facility will host the 30th anniversary induction ceremonies.[22]

Public Auditorium was occasionally used as a home court for the Cleveland State Vikings men's basketball team between 1981 and 1989 until the opening of the Wolstein Center. The Mid-American Conference Women's Basketball Tournament was held in the auditorium in 2000, the tournament's first year in Cleveland. Public Hall hosted two athletic events in 2014, the first being a Fed Cup series between the United States and Italy in February, followed by the 2014 NCAA Division II Wrestling Championships in March.[23][24][25]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Public Auditorium and Conference Center". City of Cleveland. Retrieved February 15, 2015. 
  2. ^ "The Cleveland Group Plan of 1903: Public Auditorium/Public Hall". ClevelandMemory.org. Michael Schwartz Library - Cleveland State University. 2015. Retrieved March 2, 2015. The Public Auditorium shares a stage with the Music Hall. 
  3. ^ a b "Public Auditorium". The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. May 13, 1998. Retrieved April 24, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Salisbury, Wilma (June 26, 1988). "An Unconventional Renovation". Plain Dealer Magazine. pp. 10, 13, 15. 
  5. ^ "The Cleveland Public Auditorium & its Organ". The American Municipal Pipe Organ Website. 2009. Retrieved July 17, 2014. 
  6. ^ Robinson, Racquel (May 10, 2009). "Preserve historic pipe organ housed in Public Auditorium". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i Gleisser, Marcus (April 17, 1987). "Convention Center Face Lift, Surgery Almost Complete". The Plain Dealer. p. B16. 
  8. ^ a b "Convention Center Unveils First Phase of Renovations". The Plain Dealer. June 10, 1986. p. C3. 
  9. ^ Hicks, Jonathan P. (December 1, 1984). "Board OKs $28 Million Convention Center Renovation". The Plain Dealer. p. E2. 
  10. ^ DeWitt, John (March 23, 1986). "IX Center Takes On Biggies". The Plain Dealer. p. A25, A32. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f Chatman, Angela D. (October 6, 1987). "New Look on the Mall". The Plain Dealer. pp. D1, D6. 
  12. ^ a b Ott, Thomas (August 20, 2011). "Cleveland's Public Auditorium set for renovation, marketing". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved April 24, 2012. 
  13. ^ Johnston, Laura (March 18, 2011). "Walls come tumbling down at Cleveland's Public Auditorium". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved December 27, 2016. 
  14. ^ Jarboe, Michelle (March 25, 2013). "Downtown Cleveland skywalk plans prompt lofty debate about city landscape". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved December 27, 2016. 
  15. ^ "Django Reinhardt at the Music Hall". Cleveland Historical. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Cleveland's Public Auditorium Prepping for a Comeback". The Plain Dealer. Cleveland.com. August 28, 2011. Retrieved March 9, 2012. 
  17. ^ http://www.metallipromo.com/an.html
  18. ^ http://www.metallipromo.com/ex.html
  19. ^ http://www.setlist.fm/setlist/beastie-boys/1987/public-hall-cleveland-oh-43cf4b1b.html
  20. ^ Sisario, Ben (April 4, 2009). "A Raucous Homecoming for Rock's Hall of Fame". The New York Times. Retrieved February 15, 2015. 
  21. ^ Sisario, Ben (April 15, 2012). "Anointing Rock Legends From the Coasts". The New York Times. Retrieved April 23, 2012. 
  22. ^ Greene, Andy (December 16, 2014). "Green Day, Lou Reed, Joan Jett, Ringo Starr Lead Rock and Roll Hall of Fame 2015 Class". Rolling Stone. Retrieved December 18, 2012. 
  23. ^ "A Snapshot of MAC Women's Basketball In Cleveland". MAC-Sports.com. Mid-American Conference. March 9, 2004. Retrieved March 16, 2014. 
  24. ^ Valade, Jodie (February 9, 2014). "Young United States team falls to Italy 3-1 in Fed Cup". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  25. ^ Warsinskey, Tim (March 15, 2014). "Notre Dame College wins 2014 NCAA Division II Wrestling Championships". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved December 7, 2016. 

External links[edit]

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