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Social Policy: Crash Course Government and Politics #49
Social Policy: Crash Course Government and Politics #49
Published: 2016/02/27
Channel: CrashCourse
America Moves: Transportation and Public Policy in the United States
America Moves: Transportation and Public Policy in the United States
Published: 2014/02/28
Channel: University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Types of Public Policy in the United States   Video & Lesson
Types of Public Policy in the United States Video & Lesson
Published: 2017/09/05
Channel: Shawn Duff
Michael Nacht Distinguished Lecture on Politics and Public Policy
Michael Nacht Distinguished Lecture on Politics and Public Policy
Published: 2010/05/05
Channel: UC Berkeley Events
Public Policy in the United States
Public Policy in the United States
Published: 2015/12/23
Channel: Allona. G
Policies Needed to Increase Manufacturing in Illinois and Across America
Policies Needed to Increase Manufacturing in Illinois and Across America
Published: 2017/10/13
Channel: IllinoisChannelTV
Public Policy in the United States 500 Tips
Public Policy in the United States 500 Tips
Published: 2016/02/24
Channel: Thomas Cousins
Corruption is Legal in America
Corruption is Legal in America
Published: 2015/04/30
Channel: Represent.Us
Lecture 22 - Public Policy and Presidential Politics
Lecture 22 - Public Policy and Presidential Politics
Published: 2012/12/07
Channel: YaleCourses
5 Ways The U.S. Mental Health Care System Is In Crisis
5 Ways The U.S. Mental Health Care System Is In Crisis
Published: 2015/11/03
Channel: AJ+
Foreign Policy: Crash Course Government and Politics #50
Foreign Policy: Crash Course Government and Politics #50
Published: 2016/03/05
Channel: CrashCourse
U.S. Foreign Policy
U.S. Foreign Policy
Published: 2016/03/06
Channel: Mr. Raymond's Civics and Social Studies Academy
[Lecture] World Order in the Age of Trump
[Lecture] World Order in the Age of Trump
Published: 2017/02/28
Channel: Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy
Federal Reserve Act of 1913   Your REMEDY under the Common Law
Federal Reserve Act of 1913 Your REMEDY under the Common Law
Published: 2016/08/05
Channel: Patrick Davis
Ethics and Public Policy: Universal Healthcare in the United States
Ethics and Public Policy: Universal Healthcare in the United States
Published: 2017/04/10
Channel: Charles Kotrba
Policy Formulation, Adoption, and Implementation
Policy Formulation, Adoption, and Implementation
Published: 2016/05/19
Channel: castors2007
Public Opinion: Crash Course Government and Politics #33
Public Opinion: Crash Course Government and Politics #33
Published: 2015/10/03
Channel: CrashCourse
Bureaucracy Basics: Crash Course Government and Politics #15
Bureaucracy Basics: Crash Course Government and Politics #15
Published: 2015/05/09
Channel: CrashCourse
Constructing and Evaluating Public Policies to Achieve an End of HIV/AIDS in the US
Constructing and Evaluating Public Policies to Achieve an End of HIV/AIDS in the US
Published: 2015/11/30
Channel: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health – Health Policy and Management
America’s $16 trillion problem… that both Presidential candidates actually agree on
America’s $16 trillion problem… that both Presidential candidates actually agree on
Published: 2016/08/03
Channel: Business Insider
Democratic Efficiency Inequality, Representation, and Public Policy Outputs in the United States and
Democratic Efficiency Inequality, Representation, and Public Policy Outputs in the United States and
Published: 2016/06/10
Channel: Corrine Ash
How is data used in public policy? Interview with Diane Schanzenbach | VIEWPOINT
How is data used in public policy? Interview with Diane Schanzenbach | VIEWPOINT
Published: 2017/03/06
Channel: American Enterprise Institute
Flynt Leverett, Ph.D.-2016 WOELFL SEMINAR IN PUBLIC POLICY
Flynt Leverett, Ph.D.-2016 WOELFL SEMINAR IN PUBLIC POLICY
Published: 2016/04/27
Channel: JCU Information Technology Services
PRINCIPLE, STRUCTURE, AND HISTORY IN PUBLIC POLICY KEYNOTE SPEECH BY BILL BRADLEY
PRINCIPLE, STRUCTURE, AND HISTORY IN PUBLIC POLICY KEYNOTE SPEECH BY BILL BRADLEY
Published: 2016/04/01
Channel: HooverInstitution
Regulating Privacy Data Protection and Public Policy in Europe and the United States
Regulating Privacy Data Protection and Public Policy in Europe and the United States
Published: 2016/02/25
Channel: James Gates
Saving Schools: History, Politics, and Policy in U.S. Education | HarvardX on edX | About Video
Saving Schools: History, Politics, and Policy in U.S. Education | HarvardX on edX | About Video
Published: 2014/12/03
Channel: edX
On the Future of Mortgage Finance in the United States
On the Future of Mortgage Finance in the United States
Published: 2008/11/18
Channel: UC Berkeley Events
2009 Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy - Growing Together United States, Asia and Latin America
2009 Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy - Growing Together United States, Asia and Latin America
Published: 2009/05/14
Channel: NUScast
Difference Between Law and Policy
Difference Between Law and Policy
Published: 2016/07/23
Channel: Difference Between
[Public Lecture] China-India-US Relations under the Trump Administration
[Public Lecture] China-India-US Relations under the Trump Administration
Published: 2017/04/27
Channel: Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy
[Lecture] Francis Fukuyama on the Political Order and Political Decay of China and the United States
[Lecture] Francis Fukuyama on the Political Order and Political Decay of China and the United States
Published: 2015/02/10
Channel: Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy
Providing the Scientific Basis for Sound Public Policies @ Brown University
Providing the Scientific Basis for Sound Public Policies @ Brown University
Published: 2012/06/20
Channel: thesciencecoalition
Proof The US Is An Oligarchy, Not A Democracy
Proof The US Is An Oligarchy, Not A Democracy
Published: 2014/04/18
Channel: The Young Turks
Fiscal Policy and Stimulus: Crash Course Economics #8
Fiscal Policy and Stimulus: Crash Course Economics #8
Published: 2015/09/16
Channel: CrashCourse
Internet Law and Public Policy Conference | Internet Antitrust Policy
Internet Law and Public Policy Conference | Internet Antitrust Policy
Published: 2013/06/11
Channel: stanfordlawschool
School of Public Policy | See Your Future Differently From Here
School of Public Policy | See Your Future Differently From Here
Published: 2016/01/27
Channel: Pepperdine University
2008 Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy - US Presidential Elections
2008 Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy - US Presidential Elections
Published: 2008/12/19
Channel: NUScast
School of Public Policy | Patricia Tagliaferri Dean
School of Public Policy | Patricia Tagliaferri Dean's Distinguished Lecture Series - Niall Ferguson
Published: 2017/04/04
Channel: Pepperdine University
The Ongoing Debate on Immigration Policies
The Ongoing Debate on Immigration Policies
Published: 2016/02/09
Channel: USC Price
The Interaction between Public Policy and Philanthropy: the case of the USA versus India
The Interaction between Public Policy and Philanthropy: the case of the USA versus India
Published: 2013/03/05
Channel: Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy
How Do Interest Groups Affect Policy?: AP Government
How Do Interest Groups Affect Policy?: AP Government
Published: 2015/03/30
Channel: Paul Sargent
Reich: How Unequal Can America Get?
Reich: How Unequal Can America Get?
Published: 2008/01/10
Channel: University of California Television (UCTV)
Meet our Students: Samuel Woodcock from the United States
Meet our Students: Samuel Woodcock from the United States
Published: 2015/11/16
Channel: Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy
How Housing Policy and Public Pensions are Bankrupting America
How Housing Policy and Public Pensions are Bankrupting America
Published: 2011/09/21
Channel: ReasonTV
Civil Rights & Liberties: Crash Course Government #23
Civil Rights & Liberties: Crash Course Government #23
Published: 2015/07/18
Channel: CrashCourse
"Lobbying" Becomes Integral Part of American Policymaking
"Lobbying" Becomes Integral Part of American Policymaking
Published: 2010/08/23
Channel: VOA News
The Role of Economic Liberty in the United States
The Role of Economic Liberty in the United States
Published: 2017/03/30
Channel: The Federalist Society
Diminishing Returns: Income Inequality in the United States
Diminishing Returns: Income Inequality in the United States
Published: 2008/02/25
Channel: UChannel
Why Socialism Failed in the United States: American History, Economics (2000)
Why Socialism Failed in the United States: American History, Economics (2000)
Published: 2016/09/19
Channel: Way Back
Internet Law and Public Policy Conference | Privacy
Internet Law and Public Policy Conference | Privacy
Published: 2013/06/11
Channel: stanfordlawschool
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Public policy consists of a system of laws, regulatory measures, courses of action, and funding priorities by a government or its representatives. Public policy decisions are often decided by a group of individuals with different beliefs and interests.[1] The policies of the United States of America comprise all actions taken by its federal government. The executive branch is the primary entity through which policies are enacted, however the policies are derived from a collection of laws, executive decisions, and legal precedents.

Types of policies[edit]

The policies of the United States The Almanac of Policy Issues, which provides background information, archived documents, and links to major U.S. public policy issues, organized the public policy of the United States into nine categories. The following lists these categories followed by a few examples of specific, respective policies:

Agricultural policy[edit]

Agricultural policy of the United States is the governing policy for agriculture in the United States and is composed primarily of the periodically renewed federal U.S. farm bills.

In "A New Agricultural Policy for the United States," authors Dennis Keeney and Long Kemp summarize the agricultural policy of the United States as follows: "Because of its unique geography, weather, history and policies, the United States has an agriculture that has been dominated by production of commodity crops for use in animal, industrial and export enterprises. Over time agricultural policies evolved to support an industrialized, commodity-based agriculture. This evolution resulted in farmers leaving the land with agriculture moving to an industrial structure."[20]

Drug policy[edit]

The drug policy of the United States is established by The Office of National Drug Control Policy, a former cabinet-level[21] component of the Executive Office of the President of the United States, which was established by the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988. Its stated goal is to establish policies, priorities, and objectives to eradicate illicit drug use, drug manufacturing, and trafficking, drug-related crime and violence, and drug-related health consequences in the U.S.

The Office of National Drug Control Policy's two current specific goals are to "curtail illicit drug consumption in America" and to "improve the public health and public safety of the American people by reducing the consequences of drug abuse."[22] They plan to achieve these goals by taking the following actions:

  • Strengthen efforts to prevent drug use in communities
  • Seek early intervention opportunities in health care
  • Integrate treatment for substance use disorders into health care, and expand support for recovery
  • Break the cycle of drug use, crime, delinquency, and incarceration
  • Disrupt domestic drug trafficking and production
  • Strengthen international partnerships
  • Improve information systems for analysis, assessment, and local management[22]

Energy policy[edit]

The energy policy of the United States addresses issues of energy production, distribution, and consumption, such as building codes and gas mileage standards. The United States Department of Energy plays a major role, and its mission is "to ensure America's security and prosperity by addressing its energy, environmental, and nuclear challenges through transformative science and technology solutions."

Moreover, the White House provides a summary of the United States' current condition regarding its energy policy: "For decades it has been clear that the way Americans produce and consume energy is not sustainable. Our addiction to foreign oil and fossil fuels puts our economy, our national security and our environment at risk. To take this country in a new direction, the President is working with Congress to pass comprehensive energy and climate legislation to protect our nation from the serious economic and strategic risks associated with our reliance on foreign oil, to create jobs, and to cut down on the carbon pollution that contributes to the destabilizing effects of climate change."

The following is a snapshot of the United States' current energy policy goals:

  • Clean Energy Economy: make the investments in clean energy sources that will put Americans back in control of our energy future, create millions of new jobs and lay the foundation for long-term economic security. This will be accomplished by taking the following actions:
    • Initiating recovery act investments in clean energy
    • Applying more stringent appliance efficiency standards
    • Leading the way in sustainability
    • Creating efficiency standards for cars and trucks
    • Making homes more energy efficient

Environmental policy[edit]

The environmental policy of the United States addresses and regulates activities that impact the environment. Its general goal is to protect the environment for the welfare of future generations. The environmental policy goals are detailed below:

  • The Environment: the United States is committed to protecting our country's air, water, and land, from restoring ecosystems in the Chesapeake Bay and the Everglades, to reducing the impacts of mountaintop mining. Specifically, the environment will be protected by taking the following actions:
    • Protecting our oceans
    • Land conservation
    • Restoring our ecosystems
    • Renewing the federal commitment to California's Bay Delta
    • Chesapeake Bay protection and restoration
    • Great Lakes restoration
    • Limiting mercury emissions
    • Reducing the environmental impact of mountaintop coal mining
    • Reinvigorate the National Environmental Policy Act
  • Climate Change: the United States is committed to leading the charge to reduce the dangerous pollution that causes global warming, and to make the investments in the clean energy technology that will power sustainable growth in the future. The following are actions that will be taken to accomplish climate change goals:
    • Providing international leadership
    • Monitoring greenhouse gas emissions
    • Developing climate change adaptations[23]
    • Improving the educational curriculum for climate change science

Foreign policy[edit]

The foreign policy of the United States defines how the United States interacts with foreign nations. It only addresses the security of the American people and promotes international order. The following are the most prominent foreign policies of the United States:

  • Refocusing on the threat from al Qaeda in Afghanistan and Pakistan
  • Ending the war in Iraq responsibly
  • Keeping nuclear weapons out of the hands of terrorists
  • Promoting peace and security in Israel and the Middle East
  • Re-energizing America's alliances
  • Maintaining core American values
  • Restoring American leadership in Latin America
  • Ensuring energy security and fighting climate change

Policy responses to the late-2000s recession[edit]

The Federal Reserve, Treasury, and Securities and Exchange Commission took several steps on September 19 to intervene in the crisis. To stop the potential run on money market mutual funds, the Treasury also announced on September 19 a new $50 billion program to insure the investments, similar to the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) program.[24] Part of the announcements included temporary exceptions to section 23A and 23B (Regulation W), allowing financial groups to more easily share funds within their group. The exceptions would expire on January 30, 2009, unless extended by the Federal Reserve Board.[25] The Securities and Exchange Commission announced termination of short-selling of 799 financial stocks, as well as action against naked short selling, as part of its reaction to the mortgage crisis.[26]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Characteristics of Successful Public Policy". Norwich University. Retrieved 30 September 2014. 
  2. ^ Almanac of Policy Issues "Capital Punishment 2000", Almanac of Policy Issues, September 23, 2004, accessed March 21, 2011.
  3. ^ Almanac of Policy Issues "Drug Abuse in America:2001", Almanac of Policy Issues, September 23, 2004, accessed March 21, 2011.
  4. ^ Almanac of Policy Issues "Gun Control", Almanac of Policy Issues, September 23, 2004, accessed March 21, 2011.
  5. ^ Almanac of Policy Issues "Abortion Law Development: A Brief Overview", Almanac of Policy Issues, September 23, 2004, accessed March 21, 2011.
  6. ^ Almanac of Policy Issues "Arts and humanities", Almanac of Policy Issues, September 23, 2004, accessed March 21, 2011.
  7. ^ Almanac of Policy Issues "Federal Anti-Discrimination Laws", Almanac of Policy Issues, September 23, 2004, accessed March 21, 2011.
  8. ^ Almanac of Policy Issues "Budget and Taxes", Almanac of Policy Issues, September 23, 2004, accessed March 30, 2011.
  9. ^ Almanac of Policy Issues "The State of U.S. Education", Almanac of Policy Issues, September 23, 2004, accessed March 30, 2011.
  10. ^ Almanac of Policy Issues "Post-Secondary Education Statistics", Almanac of Policy Issues, September 23, 2004, accessed March 30, 2011.
  11. ^ Almanac of Policy Issues "Plain English Guide To The Clean Air Act", Almanac of Policy Issues, September 23, 2004, accessed March 30, 2011.
  12. ^ Almanac of Policy Issues "Climate Change", Almanac of Policy Issues, September 23, 2004, accessed March 30, 2011.
  13. ^ Almanac of Policy Issues "Summary of the Shay's-Meehan Campaign Finance Reform Law", Almanac of Policy Issues, September 23, 2004, accessed March 30, 2011.
  14. ^ Almanac of Policy Issues "Charity and Volunteerism", Almanac of Policy Issues, September 23, 2004, accessed March 30, 2011.
  15. ^ Almanac of Policy Issues "Health Insurance Coverage", Almanac of Policy Issues, September 23, 2004, accessed March 30, 2011.
  16. ^ Almanac of Policy Issues "2000 Ways and Means Green Book: Medicare", Almanac of Policy Issues, September 23, 2004, accessed March 30, 2011.
  17. ^ Almanac of Policy Issues "Social Security Reform", Almanac of Policy Issues, September 23, 2004, accessed March 30, 2011.
  18. ^ Almanac of Policy Issues "Welfare Reform: An Issue Overview", Almanac of Policy Issues, September 23, 2004, accessed March 30, 2011.
  19. ^ Almanac of Policy Issues "FY 2004 Pentagon Budget", Almanac of Policy Issues, September 23, 2004, accessed March 30, 2011.
  20. ^ The Minnesota Project A New Agricultural Policy of the United States., July, 2003, accessed February 16, 2011.
  21. ^ Cook, Dave (2009-03-11). "New drug czar gets lower rank, promise of higher visibility". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 2009-03-16. For one thing, in the Obama administration the Drug Czar will not have Cabinet status, as the job did during George W. Bush's administration. 
  22. ^ a b President Obama "2010 National Drug Control Policy.", Office of National Drug Control Policy, 2010, accessed February 21, 2011.
  23. ^ "Global Climate Change". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 1 October 2014. 
  24. ^ Gullapalli, Diya and Anand, Shefali. "Bailout of Money Funds Seems to Stanch Outflow", The Wall Street Journal, September 20, 2008.
  25. ^ (Press Release) FRB: Board Approves Two Interim Final Rules, Federal Reserve Bank, September 19, 2008.
  26. ^ Boak, Joshua (Chicago Tribune). "SEC temporarily suspends short selling", San Jose Mercury News, September 19, 2008.

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