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pulithevar
pulithevar
::2013/07/23::
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The first national freedomfighter king pulithevar tamilan
The first national freedomfighter king pulithevar tamilan
::2013/08/31::
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indian history, thevar history and tamil history is the combodia history
indian history, thevar history and tamil history is the combodia history
::2014/06/26::
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4
THEVAR kothai puli padai
THEVAR kothai puli padai
::2013/06/01::
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Sandiyar Song (Thevar)
Sandiyar Song (Thevar)
::2014/07/04::
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pulithevar
pulithevar
::2011/11/05::
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pasumpon thevar song
pasumpon thevar song
::2013/06/25::
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thevar jayanthi, madurai, keerathurai ATTACK V.P.R nanbargal from kuwait 2012
thevar jayanthi, madurai, keerathurai ATTACK V.P.R nanbargal from kuwait 2012
::2012/10/31::
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9
Tamils should learn about Kattabomman , Puli Thevan and not Ajith : Seeman speech
Tamils should learn about Kattabomman , Puli Thevan and not Ajith : Seeman speech
::2014/08/10::
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10
SIVAGANGA SEEMAI HISTORY
SIVAGANGA SEEMAI HISTORY
::2013/03/12::
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11
Pasumpon Thevar Speech about Vallalar at Madurai in 1949
Pasumpon Thevar Speech about Vallalar at Madurai in 1949
::2012/10/15::
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12
Puli Urumuthu
Puli Urumuthu
::2012/07/07::
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13
Non-Cinematic True Silambam in Devarmagan
Non-Cinematic True Silambam in Devarmagan
::2012/07/27::
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thevarkural ramesh ramasamy pandian apanneeruthu
thevarkural ramesh ramasamy pandian apanneeruthu
::2011/11/27::
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THEVAR MAGAN Manamagaley Manamagaley Edited version
THEVAR MAGAN Manamagaley Manamagaley Edited version
::2012/05/11::
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Pasumpon Thevar Guru Pooja Riots - Jayalalitha Hot Speech 1
Pasumpon Thevar Guru Pooja Riots - Jayalalitha Hot Speech 1
::2008/10/31::
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thevar song
thevar song
::2012/03/30::
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18
We do have Tamil Freedom fighters, express it
We do have Tamil Freedom fighters, express it
::2013/08/15::
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19
R I P Bro   !!! Munis Thevar
R I P Bro !!! Munis Thevar
::2013/07/23::
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20
Kutti Puli | Thaattiyare Thaattiyare song
Kutti Puli | Thaattiyare Thaattiyare song
::2013/05/21::
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21
Pasumpon thevar song
Pasumpon thevar song
::2013/06/22::
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22
Nenjukkulla veeram "Thevar"
Nenjukkulla veeram "Thevar"
::2014/04/04::
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23
nanguneri thevar jeyanthi ad
nanguneri thevar jeyanthi ad
::2012/10/27::
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24
Thenatu thevar maravan ramesh ramasamy devar panneer uthu
Thenatu thevar maravan ramesh ramasamy devar panneer uthu
::2011/11/09::
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PASUMPON ..  AIADMK SPREMO GIFTS GOLD ARMOUR FOR THE STATUE OF MUNTHURAMALINGA THEVAR STATUE
PASUMPON .. AIADMK SPREMO GIFTS GOLD ARMOUR FOR THE STATUE OF MUNTHURAMALINGA THEVAR STATUE
::2014/02/10::
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26
Pasumpon thevar song
Pasumpon thevar song
::2013/06/21::
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27
Thevar attam - Krishnancoil
Thevar attam - Krishnancoil
::2014/07/21::
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Puli Attam
Puli Attam
::2013/06/19::
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Thevar pulipadai
Thevar pulipadai
::2012/05/06::
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30
Raam karur...... vadagambadi my village nayakar dance thevar aattam video .MP4
Raam karur...... vadagambadi my village nayakar dance thevar aattam video .MP4
::2013/01/25::
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thevar gula singhangal.wmv
thevar gula singhangal.wmv
::2012/05/04::
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vedai thevar groups
vedai thevar groups
::2011/08/01::
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thevar jayanthi 106 kallupatti part7
thevar jayanthi 106 kallupatti part7
::2013/11/05::
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34
silambam- sattur- thevar group
silambam- sattur- thevar group
::2012/09/26::
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folk dances of tamilnadu:thevar attam part 2
folk dances of tamilnadu:thevar attam part 2
::2012/09/12::
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36
kutti puli(sandiyare...sandiyare..)
kutti puli(sandiyare...sandiyare..)
::2013/06/08::
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thevar attam in kela pethulupatti by alagar and groups
thevar attam in kela pethulupatti by alagar and groups
::2014/07/18::
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Silambu Attam - Puli Vesham Sri Salai Gangai Amman - Sathuvachari Vellore
Silambu Attam - Puli Vesham Sri Salai Gangai Amman - Sathuvachari Vellore
::2014/02/07::
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Mudukulathur.kandilan thevar jeyanthi 2013
Mudukulathur.kandilan thevar jeyanthi 2013
::2013/03/08::
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40
Thenpandi singam ramesh ramasamy devar panneer uthu
Thenpandi singam ramesh ramasamy devar panneer uthu
::2011/11/09::
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41
THEVAR SINGAM
THEVAR SINGAM
::2012/08/05::
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42
Silambu Attam  and  Puli Vesham Sri Salai Gangai Amman1 - Sathuvachari Vellore
Silambu Attam and Puli Vesham Sri Salai Gangai Amman1 - Sathuvachari Vellore
::2014/02/07::
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43
thevar songs
thevar songs
::2013/05/30::
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Mudukulathur.kandilan thevar jeyanthi 2013
Mudukulathur.kandilan thevar jeyanthi 2013
::2013/03/07::
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45
Thanavai Thevar Atiradi Padai 0012
Thanavai Thevar Atiradi Padai 0012
::2011/11/23::
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46
Veetla Eli Veliyila Puli -  S.Ve. Sekar, Janakraj In Disco Thalam - Tamil Song
Veetla Eli Veliyila Puli - S.Ve. Sekar, Janakraj In Disco Thalam - Tamil Song
::2012/07/06::
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47
Thanavai Thevar atiradi Padai 002
Thanavai Thevar atiradi Padai 002
::2011/07/09::
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Nellai thevar aattam in nainarkulam 1
Nellai thevar aattam in nainarkulam 1
::2014/05/12::
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Thanavai Thevar Atiradi Padai 008
Thanavai Thevar Atiradi Padai 008
::2011/07/23::
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Naamtamilar Naamtamilar endru parakuthu puli Kodi.flv
Naamtamilar Naamtamilar endru parakuthu puli Kodi.flv
::2010/12/26::
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Puli Thevar Statue in his Nerkattumseval Palace

Puli Thevar was a poligar (or palayakarar) who ruled Nerkattumseval situated in the Sankarankoil taluk of Tamil Nadu.[1]

History[edit]

Puli Thevar was one of the earliest opponents of the British rule in South India. He was involved in a vendetta with the Nawab of Arcot who was supported by the British. Thevar's prominent exploits were his confrontations with Marudhanayagam, who later rebelled against the British in the late 1750s and early 1760s.

Nelkatumseval was the headquarters of Puli Thevar, the first chieftain in India to resist the British.[1]

The author of the Thirunelveli District Gazetteer, H.R. Pate, observes as follows:

Nelkatumseval is chiefly memorable as having been in the eighteenth Century stronghold of the redoubtable Puli Thevar, who figured for many years as the leader of the Marava Confederacy against the troops of the Nawab and the Company. He had a shrewd insight into the political situation of the time and was a veritable thorn against the side of the Nawab's agents.

Pulithevar remains one of the illustrious figures in the chequered history of palayakarars. The vivacity of his character gave him an ascendancy over the western palayakarars, while his determined resistance to the Nawab's overlordship made him a potential enemy of the Wallajahs. He was the principal architect of the coalition of the palayakkars organised against the Nawab. The Nawab acknowledged his victory by presenting him with a gold plate and sword.[2]

Pulithevar is regarded as the first ruler in Indian history, who sowed the seed, by his gallant resistance, to expel foreigners from his native land. His services to the nation are honoured; the government of Tamil Nadu has erected a memorial for him in Nelkatumseval where there are the remnants of his palace. [3]

Puli Thevan War[edit]

There were a number of revolts by local powers in the South, the first being as early as 1757. When Mohammed Ali, the Nawab of the Carnatic, supported by the Company, attempted to extend his control over the "Madurai" and "Thirunelveli" districts, the poligars rebelled. The western poligars, led by Puli Thevar of Nelkatumseval, forged individual alliances and then a grand alliance as they revolted against Mohammed Ali. Of necessity, Ali had to seek assistance from John Company, and, though battles were won and lost, the revolt was put down in 1761 by Yusuf Khan, who had been nominated the Governor of "Madurai" and "Thirunelveli" in 1758 by the British, despite Nawab Mohammed Ali's objections. [4]

Western confederacy by Nel Kattum Sevval[edit]

"Nel kattum sevval" literally translates to "Rice tribute paying place", but after its ruler Puli Thevan's successful (initially) attempts at defying Mohammed Ali, the name changed to nel kattan sevval ("place which doesn't pay rice tribute"). These palayams declared their independence in 1757. [5] Yusuf Khan, or Marudhanayagam, was sent by the British to bring the poligars under control and make them pay kisthi. Earlier campaigns in 1755 by Mahfuz Khan were unsuccessful in subduing the poligars' partly because of their sticking to each other and partly because British troops had to be withdrawn to raise the French siege of Madras (by Lally). Yusuf Khan quickly intimidated the eastern poligars and moved against Pooli Thevan. A series of sieges of Pooli Thevan's forts followed and eventually the Nerkattansevval fort was razed by British artillery. Puli Thevan was captured and escaped/encountered on the way to incarceration. No verifiable records are found about him after his capture/escape. The rise of the western Poligars of south Tamil Nadu is the first war of Indian Independence and not the 1857 sepoy uprising, as written by Savarkar.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

https://www.facebook.com/Pulithevan/info

External links[edit]

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