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Tour of Puna Hawaii
Tour of Puna Hawaii
Published: 2017/02/22
Channel: JibaJabaJ
Ben Starr
Ben Starr's Guide to Puna, Hawaii
Published: 2012/01/29
Channel: Ben Starr
Big Island, Hawaii: The Puna region
Big Island, Hawaii: The Puna region
Published: 2012/11/19
Channel: Travel around the world
Pahoa & Keaau - Puna - Big Island of Hawaii
Pahoa & Keaau - Puna - Big Island of Hawaii
Published: 2011/04/21
Channel: clarkhawaii
Cheap land in Hawaii
Cheap land in Hawaii's Big Island - Puna, Kau, Mountain View, Ocean View
Published: 2016/12/16
Channel: JibaJabaJ
Hawaiian On The Move: This is Puna Hawaii
Hawaiian On The Move: This is Puna Hawaii
Published: 2013/03/30
Channel: HawaiianOnTheMove
Road trip through Puna on the Big Island
Road trip through Puna on the Big Island
Published: 2016/04/13
Channel: Travel Photo Discovery
Hawaii - Kehena Beach.AVI
Hawaii - Kehena Beach.AVI
Published: 2012/01/08
Channel: Leticia Andreas
THE JUNGLE FARM HOUSE IN PUNA, HAWAII
THE JUNGLE FARM HOUSE IN PUNA, HAWAII
Published: 2012/05/09
Channel: dannymillerfilms
Life on the big island Hawaii comparing Puna, Kona and Hamakua Coast
Life on the big island Hawaii comparing Puna, Kona and Hamakua Coast
Published: 2016/10/03
Channel: JibaJabaJ
Puna, Hawaii. Exotic Tropical Paradise on the Big Island.
Puna, Hawaii. Exotic Tropical Paradise on the Big Island.
Published: 2016/04/23
Channel: Big Island Flow
Strange Sound in the sky Puna Hawaii, Boom Shakes Town
Strange Sound in the sky Puna Hawaii, Boom Shakes Town
Published: 2012/06/25
Channel: Conspiracy Theories Forecaster
Shipman Beach, Puna, Big Island Hawaii Video
Shipman Beach, Puna, Big Island Hawaii Video
Published: 2015/01/25
Channel: BlakesgoneBananas
Puna bangaz
Puna bangaz
Published: 2012/11/08
Channel: boarip8084
Big Island Hawaii. Part 42. Around Puna.
Big Island Hawaii. Part 42. Around Puna.
Published: 2010/01/25
Channel: videofilmik
Puna bangaz
Puna bangaz
Published: 2012/01/20
Channel: Bubba Malakaua-Desilva
8 arrested for squatting in Puna, but do Hawaiian sovereignty claims hold up?
8 arrested for squatting in Puna, but do Hawaiian sovereignty claims hold up?
Published: 2015/08/15
Channel: KHON2 News
medical Marijuana grow Puna Hawaii part 2
medical Marijuana grow Puna Hawaii part 2
Published: 2016/07/16
Channel: punagrow1
How I Grew From Living In Puna, Hawai
How I Grew From Living In Puna, Hawai'i
Published: 2016/10/14
Channel: Spirit Angelfish
Puna Kai Manager Discusses New Shopping Center Plan (Feb. 12, 2017)
Puna Kai Manager Discusses New Shopping Center Plan (Feb. 12, 2017)
Published: 2017/02/13
Channel: Big Island Video News
LAVA FLOW DESTROY
LAVA FLOW DESTROY'S HOUSE & ENTERS TRANSFER STATION - Pahoa/Puna
Published: 2014/11/13
Channel: ilove puna
Destination Unknown Puna, Hawaii
Destination Unknown Puna, Hawaii
Published: 2013/04/11
Channel: Railaybay
Pohoiki Bay, Puna District, Hawaii
Pohoiki Bay, Puna District, Hawaii
Published: 2015/07/30
Channel: Hawaii Harbors Network
Incredible Hawaii Kilauea Volcano Puna Lava Flow lava flows into shed 2014
Incredible Hawaii Kilauea Volcano Puna Lava Flow lava flows into shed 2014
Published: 2017/01/25
Channel: Joana M
Hurricane Iselle Damage & Recovery in Puna, Hawaii
Hurricane Iselle Damage & Recovery in Puna, Hawaii
Published: 2014/08/15
Channel: NaturalHazardsHawaii
Ola and Puna Wedding Highlight Film // Hapuna Prince Hotel // Big Island Hawaii
Ola and Puna Wedding Highlight Film // Hapuna Prince Hotel // Big Island Hawaii
Published: 2016/07/07
Channel: Ekahi Media
Hawaiian On The Move: This Is Puna Hawaii Part 2
Hawaiian On The Move: This Is Puna Hawaii Part 2
Published: 2013/06/25
Channel: HawaiianOnTheMove
Hawaii Real Estate Land - Buying Land in Puna
Hawaii Real Estate Land - Buying Land in Puna
Published: 2008/01/12
Channel: PunaGuide
Rural Puna, Hawaii
Rural Puna, Hawaii's Big Island
Published: 2011/06/22
Channel: cloudia charters
Mermaid Pools and GoPro in Puna Hawaii
Mermaid Pools and GoPro in Puna Hawaii
Published: 2014/05/26
Channel: Doing Hawaii
Splash Place in Puna Hawaii
Splash Place in Puna Hawaii
Published: 2013/10/01
Channel: Holly Johnson
Hawaii Grown – Hawaii Made: Puna Noni
Hawaii Grown – Hawaii Made: Puna Noni
Published: 2017/06/02
Channel: KHON2 News
Oct 27, 2014 | Hawaii Puna Lava Flow: Some Locals to Evacuate by Oct 28th, Leading Edge Near Pahoa
Oct 27, 2014 | Hawaii Puna Lava Flow: Some Locals to Evacuate by Oct 28th, Leading Edge Near Pahoa
Published: 2014/11/05
Channel: Lynn Bena
Volcano - natural disasters 2015: Pahoehoe lava flows in lower Puna: What to expect
Volcano - natural disasters 2015: Pahoehoe lava flows in lower Puna: What to expect
Published: 2015/04/24
Channel: Volcano natural disasters 2015
Volcano - Puna - Big Island of Hawaii
Volcano - Puna - Big Island of Hawaii
Published: 2011/04/21
Channel: clarkhawaii
Big Island Hawaii. Part 40. Puna Mango Grove.
Big Island Hawaii. Part 40. Puna Mango Grove.
Published: 2010/01/23
Channel: videofilmik
Shipmans beach Puna Hawaii
Shipmans beach Puna Hawaii
Published: 2014/05/31
Channel: tarrytowngeek
Puna lava flow from the 117th Mobile Public Affairs Detachment (Hawaii)
Puna lava flow from the 117th Mobile Public Affairs Detachment (Hawaii)
Published: 2014/11/04
Channel: KHON2 News
Red Road Coast Puna Hawaii
Red Road Coast Puna Hawaii
Published: 2007/04/08
Channel: jwadot
Hawaii Island Puna lava flow close up ( 10-24-2014)
Hawaii Island Puna lava flow close up ( 10-24-2014)
Published: 2014/10/25
Channel: KHON2 News
Hawaii Home on Fire Due to Puna Lava Flow
Hawaii Home on Fire Due to Puna Lava Flow
Published: 2014/11/11
Channel: Wall Street Journal
Parrot drone Bigisland Puna Hawaii
Parrot drone Bigisland Puna Hawaii
Published: 2017/05/06
Channel: Rocky F
Hawaii Puna Lava Flow - October 27
Hawaii Puna Lava Flow - October 27
Published: 2014/10/28
Channel: Storyful News
Alohi and the freelife maku
Alohi and the freelife maku'u market Puna Hawaii
Published: 2015/01/23
Channel: joachim wiesel
Cordwood Puna HI
Cordwood Puna HI
Published: 2010/11/02
Channel: bikopermaculture
Harvesting Coconuts With Jungle Man In Puna Hawaii
Harvesting Coconuts With Jungle Man In Puna Hawaii
Published: 2017/01/23
Channel: Ego Humor
Hurricane Iselle arriving in Puna, Hawaii August 7, 2014
Hurricane Iselle arriving in Puna, Hawaii August 7, 2014
Published: 2014/08/09
Channel: Steven Harris
Pohiki in Puna, Hawaii
Pohiki in Puna, Hawaii
Published: 2015/10/08
Channel: Jah Feels: the Products
#OPERATIONPUNA
#OPERATIONPUNA
Published: 2014/08/11
Channel: PRIMEFOOTAGE
Hawaii - Driving Big Island - Puna District - Tree Tunnel
Hawaii - Driving Big Island - Puna District - Tree Tunnel
Published: 2015/07/14
Channel: DDubMedia
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Coordinates: 19°29′37.61″N 155°00′34.88″W / 19.4937806°N 155.0096889°W / 19.4937806; -155.0096889

The districts of the Big Island. From Northernmost, clockwise; North Kohala, Hāmākua, North Hilo, South Hilo, Puna (highlighted), Kaʻū, South Kona, North Kona, and South Kohala
The Island of Hawaiʻi is divided into 9 Lava Flow Hazard Zones, which are unrelated to, and not to be confused with, the 9 District "zones". These Lava Flow Hazard Zones are numbered according to the degree of hazard from inundation by lava flows. Zone 1 is the area of the "greatest" hazard, where lava is most likely to come from the ground, and coincides with the rift zones of the two most active volcanoes (Mauna Loa and Kīlauea). Zone 9, consisting of the extinct volcano Kohala, is the area considered to be of the least hazard, since this area has not had any lava flows in thousands of years. Lava Hazard Zones in Puna are all Lava Hazard Zones 1, 2 and 3; the most dangerous according to the USGS.

Puna is one of the 9 districts of Hawaii County on the Island of Hawaiʻi (Big Island) (County of Hawaiʻi). It is located on the windward side (east side) of the island and shares borders with South Hilo district in the north and Kaʻū district in the west.[1] With a size of just under 320,000 acres (1,300 km2), Puna is slightly smaller than the island of Kauaʻi.[1]

Housing[edit]

The affordable housing prices have led to an enormous increase in developments in Puna, and have made this district the fastest growing area on the Big Island. In the last 20 years[when?] the population has grown by nearly 20,000 people and it is estimated that Puna will have a higher population than Hilo by 2020. However, between 2002 and 2006 the price of houses more than doubled and the price of vacant land increased over fivefold, as increasing numbers of people from outside the district (often from the mainland U.S.) bought into the last affordable market in the state.

Homeowners Insurance can be more difficult to secure in the parts of Puna that are located in Lava Flow Hazard Zones 1 or 2.[2] The entire Kīlauea rift zone region is in Zone 1, while the southeastern slope is in Zone 2. Most home insurance companies will not cover homes in Zone 1 or 2 for values over $350,000. Most of the volcanic destruction of private property in Hawaiʻi since the 20th century has occurred in lower Puna, including the destruction of sections of Kapoho, Royal Gardens, Kalapana and Kaimū.[3] Approximately 50 square miles out of the 500 square miles of Puna have been covered by lava flows, and about 190 structures have been destroyed because of the flows since 1983.[4] Living in Puna has other some unique considerations. For example, most homes in Puna rely on rainwater catchment for their household water.[5][6] This lack of water availability for firefighting is also an issue with insurance companies.[citation needed]

Also of importance is increasing popularity of destination recreation and personal development opportunities, for example resident workshops at Kalani Oceanside Retreat.[7]:233

Climate[edit]

The climate is a mild tropical climate with abundant rainfall, especially in the northern parts and areas of higher elevation. The terrain is characterized by gentle slopes with no defined waterways. Although rainfall is occasionally very heavy (one storm in 2003 brought 36 inches (90 cm) of rain in 24 hours), flooding is rare due to the slope and porosity of the volcanic rock. The vegetation ranges from rainforest to desert shrub and coastal strand. Large areas of native forest are present in the Wao Kele o Puna and Kahauala tracts.

Recent lava activity[edit]

The current eruption has been going on since 1983. Recent Kilauea Status Reports, Updates, and Information Releases are published daily by the Hawaii Volcano Observatory Historic photos and details of previous flows are also available on that website.

As of October 4, 2014, the "Current Volcano Alert Level" was set at "WARNING", due to lava flowing towards the village of Pahoa.

Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, when constructed, had two entrances. The entrance from lower Puna was cut off in 1986, and several miles of the road along the ocean were covered by several flows that occurred over the course of the eruption.[8] Tourists are particularly interested in observing the lava when it is flowing into the ocean and where they can get a close look. To find out where the flow is currently going and best places to park, consult the links provided.

Lava flows have continued to add new land to the old shoreline in an intermittent fashion, with lava constantly changing directions and sometimes relocating into new areas. The lava itself and the new land it creates can be hazardous, and anyone visiting the area should consult publication[9].

In June 2014, a lava flow dubbed the June 27th flow started flowing from a vent[10] of a spatter cone called Pu'u O'o on the east rift zone of Kilauea Volcano in a northwest direction towards the villages of Kaohe Homesteads and Pahoa.[11]

2014 Lava Flow[edit]

In early September it appeared that the lava flow was en route to the small community of Kaohe Homesteads. Community leaders and state officials began to draw up plans for evacuations and the mayor signed an emergency proclamation as residents of the Kaohe Homesteads subdivision learned that lava from Kilauea Volcano was just 0.8 of a mile away and could reach them within a week.[12] On September 13, a release from the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory stated that the flow had begun to shift away from the subdivision as it had interacted with both the cracks and down-dropped blocks within the East Rift Zone of Kīlauea volcano and a natural valley that leveled away from Kaohe Homesteads.[13]

The lava flow was now heading towards the community of Pahoa, Hawaii. On October 25, the flow had crossed Cemetery Road at Apa'a Road near the Pahoa Recycling and Transfer Station, a waste/trash station, which was closed and relocated due to the lava flow.[14] The flow was quickly advancing on a nearby cemetery and triggered the first series of evacuations.[15][16] On November 10, the flow claimed the first (but only) home.[17]

Officials feared that if the lava flow continued on its path it will cover over the only route in and out of lower Puna, Highway 130. On October 22, The National Park Service announced [18] that it would help state and county officials create an emergency route along 8 miles of the buried Chain of Craters Road in order to help Puna residents who will lose access to the rest of Hawai‘i if the current lava flow covers Highway 130. Construction of the Chain of Craters alternate route began by making a path over a wall of lava rock covering the road in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. The $12 million to $15.5 million route, to be re-established between the park and Kalapana as a gravel road, would have been the only road in and out of lower Puna, if the June 27 lava flow had made its way to the sea. The park closed the end of Chain of Craters Road as construction began. Nearly 8 miles of the roadway, officially known as Chain of Craters Road inside the park and Highway 130 outside of it, is covered by past flows from the ongoing Pu'u O'o eruption that threatened Pahoa. Chain of Craters Road, which opened in 1965, had portions blocked or covered by lava for 37 years of its 49-year existence, according to the park. The road is about 19 miles long inside the park.[19] However the 2014 lava flow did not continue further.

Census-designated places and other areas within Puna[edit]

Puna places of interest[edit]

Besides visiting the active Kīlauea volcano and the currently active lava flows in the area of Kalapana, another interesting[citation needed] site within the Puna district are the heated tide pools at Ahalanui Beach Park (aka Puʻalaʻa County Park), where spring water has been naturally heated through geothermal energy and this mixes with ocean water along the shoreline. Prior to the eruption in 1960 at Kapoho, the pools were not heated but were cold.

Notable people from Puna[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hawaii County Data Book
  2. ^ Lava flow zone hazard maps USGS
  3. ^ Hazard zones for lava flows on Kilauea USGS
  4. ^ USGS Summary of the Pu`u `Ō `ō-Kupaianaha Eruption, 1983-present
  5. ^ College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources (CTAHR) University of Hawaii at Manoa
  6. ^ Free CTAHR Publications
  7. ^ Yamamoto, Luci, and Gorry, Conner. 2011. Lonely Planet Discover Hawaii the Big Island (Travel Guide). Lonely Planet Publications. ISBN 978-1742204659.
  8. ^ USGS website with detailed historical account of Kīlauea lava flows
  9. ^ "Volcanic Hazards on the Island of Hawai`i". 
  10. ^ Choi, Kenny (27 June 2014). "New Video: Pu'u O'o crater develops new outlet for lava". KITV 4. kitv.com. Retrieved 27 October 2014. 
  11. ^ "Lava on track to reach Pahoa in two weeks". Honolulu Star Advertiser. 9 September 2014. Retrieved 27 October 2014. 
  12. ^ Nakaso, Dan; Moseley, Megan (4 September 2014). "Big Isle resident vows to stay until lava burns house". Honolulu Star Advertiser. Retrieved 27 October 2014. 
  13. ^ "Lava slows, misses first homes for now". Volcano Discovery. Retrieved 27 October 2014. 
  14. ^ "Pahoa Transfer Station to Close Friday". Big Island Now. 23 October 2014. Retrieved 27 October 2014. 
  15. ^ "Lava enters Pahoa cemetery grounds". KITV 4. kitv.com. 26 October 2014. Retrieved 26 October 2014. 
  16. ^ "Lava nears, evacuations loom". West Hawaii Today. Stevens Media. 26 October 2014. Retrieved 26 October 2014. 
  17. ^ "First house claimed by Puna lava flow". Retrieved 11 November 2014. 
  18. ^ Ferracane, Jessica. ""End of the Road" will close during emergency route construction". National Park Service: Hawaii Volcano National Park. NPS. Retrieved 26 October 2014. 
  19. ^ "Lava-clearing to begin on Ka‘u side of historic road". West Hawaii Today. Stephens Media. 22 October 2014. Retrieved 26 October 2014. 
  20. ^ Midweek Magazine Cover Story
  21. ^ Hawaiʻi County Council Biography

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