Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
Delphi Museum & the Pythian Games Stadium
Delphi Museum & the Pythian Games Stadium
Published: 2012/04/18
Channel: ReyandRob
Ancient Civilizations Worship of Apollo
Ancient Civilizations Worship of Apollo
Published: 2014/06/13
Channel: Ancient Cities
Igor Tkachenko - Pythian Games - Seven Studies for Piano
Igor Tkachenko - Pythian Games - Seven Studies for Piano
Published: 2016/05/03
Channel: Igor Tkachenko
Pythian Games- classical diploma project
Pythian Games- classical diploma project
Published: 2016/04/01
Channel: Riley Lochhead
The Pythian Games
The Pythian Games
Published: 2016/06/04
Channel: Martin Faulks
The Great Temple of apollon
The Great Temple of apollon
Published: 2013/04/04
Channel: MilkZLyricistOfficial
Ride Up to Delphi
Ride Up to Delphi
Published: 2015/08/28
Channel: Motorcycle Greece
Pythian Games 2006 aka Sean falling
Pythian Games 2006 aka Sean falling
Published: 2006/08/05
Channel: krlandry
Isthmian Games
Isthmian Games
Published: 2016/09/16
Channel: WikiWikiup
Mythical Contest Between Athena & Poseidon & the Panathenaic Games of Athens
Mythical Contest Between Athena & Poseidon & the Panathenaic Games of Athens
Published: 2014/04/08
Channel: CelebrateGreece.com
Stadium for the Pythian Games in Delphi, Greece
Stadium for the Pythian Games in Delphi, Greece
Published: 2013/12/07
Channel: Matthew Martin
MUSIC FESTIVAL FLASHBACK
MUSIC FESTIVAL FLASHBACK
Published: 2013/07/20
Channel: DownUnderKid91
Scout
Scout's Mission: D Day
Published: 2016/06/01
Channel: Bob Mayer
Mavris @ Delphi, Greece
Mavris @ Delphi, Greece
Published: 2007/05/05
Channel: shastamavris
meus piticos
meus piticos
Published: 2009/09/03
Channel: Simone Scavassin
DELPHI ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE , Greece
DELPHI ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE , Greece
Published: 2016/12/14
Channel: Le Monde en Vidéo
Dalhousie Pythian Games 2016 - Arabic
Dalhousie Pythian Games 2016 - Arabic
Published: 2016/03/14
Channel: wesak87
0245 The Pythian Games stadium at Delphi, Greece
0245 The Pythian Games stadium at Delphi, Greece
Published: 2009/03/27
Channel: CelebrateGreeceClips
0246 The Pythian Games stadium at Delphi, Greece (Mt. Parnassus)
0246 The Pythian Games stadium at Delphi, Greece (Mt. Parnassus)
Published: 2009/03/27
Channel: CelebrateGreeceClips
0089 The ancient stadium of the Pythian Games in Delphi, Greece
0089 The ancient stadium of the Pythian Games in Delphi, Greece
Published: 2009/03/27
Channel: CelebrateGreeceClips
0088 The ancient stadium of the Pythian Games in Delphi, Greece
0088 The ancient stadium of the Pythian Games in Delphi, Greece
Published: 2009/03/27
Channel: CelebrateGreeceClips
DELPHI, DELFOS - Going Up to The Stadium (Pythian Games) [Subida Estádio Jogos Píticos] 24.05.2014
DELPHI, DELFOS - Going Up to The Stadium (Pythian Games) [Subida Estádio Jogos Píticos] 24.05.2014
Published: 2014/08/19
Channel: Guilherme Santini
Ross Dressler competes in the Pythian games
Ross Dressler competes in the Pythian games
Published: 2013/03/14
Channel: theRHSLatin
Delphi  Greece Apollo Temple
Delphi Greece Apollo Temple
Published: 2013/03/14
Channel: CGreece
Ross competes in the Pythian games and barely avoids arrest
Ross competes in the Pythian games and barely avoids arrest
Published: 2013/03/18
Channel: theRHSLatin
Nemean Games
Nemean Games
Published: 2016/09/16
Channel: WikiWikiup
OBM - Festival - Pythian Games
OBM - Festival - Pythian Games
Published: 2016/10/21
Channel: Our Best Moments
How to Pronounce Pythian Games
How to Pronounce Pythian Games
Published: 2016/11/18
Channel: Dictionary Voice
Dmitry Timofeev Falling Cats
Dmitry Timofeev Falling Cats
Published: 2014/08/27
Channel: Dmitry Timofeev
Pythian Nomos
Pythian Nomos
Published: 2013/09/27
Channel: HellenicRecord
Ancient Olympic Games book, on sale
Ancient Olympic Games book, on sale
Published: 2012/04/30
Channel: Alan Miller
Delphi Greece
Delphi Greece
Published: 2013/03/15
Channel: Emma Ansh
EDM Project
EDM Project
Published: 2014/04/09
Channel: Sarah Sanders
Pindare, 1re Ode Pythique, Apollon
Pindare, 1re Ode Pythique, Apollon
Published: 2010/09/11
Channel: Thomas Turner
Delphi Vacation Travel Video Guide
Delphi Vacation Travel Video Guide
Published: 2013/08/14
Channel: Expoza Travel
Ancient Greek Music in Just Intonation
Ancient Greek Music in Just Intonation
Published: 2013/03/15
Channel: Michael Levy
Delphi - Greece
Delphi - Greece
Published: 2010/07/05
Channel: THEWORLDOFTRAVEL
Bret Hamilton Cinematography Reel
Bret Hamilton Cinematography Reel
Published: 2015/01/20
Channel: Bret Hamilton
Delphi
Delphi
Published: 2017/04/03
Channel: robtfdfbvv
Bret Hamilton Cinematography Reel
Bret Hamilton Cinematography Reel
Published: 2014/05/07
Channel: Bret Hamilton
Olympics William and Adin
Olympics William and Adin
Published: 2012/02/02
Channel: willyh1997
Olympia, Greece
Olympia, Greece
Published: 2008/09/10
Channel: DiMA6451
Greek Armenian archaeological Sites.wmv
Greek Armenian archaeological Sites.wmv
Published: 2011/05/29
Channel: ArmeniaGreeceNKR
Ancient Delphi, an Important Historical Site in Greece
Ancient Delphi, an Important Historical Site in Greece
Published: 2014/03/30
Channel: VideoVoyage.TV
Katakolon, Greece In HD On Our Honeymoon
Katakolon, Greece In HD On Our Honeymoon
Published: 2009/03/08
Channel: Ezra Kamer
5 Best Practices for Launching Your Online Video Game
5 Best Practices for Launching Your Online Video Game
Published: 2014/09/12
Channel: Pythian
MANTEIO ΔΕΛΦΩΝ THE ORACLE OF DELPHI
MANTEIO ΔΕΛΦΩΝ THE ORACLE OF DELPHI
Published: 2010/06/03
Channel: ΠΗΛΕΥΣ ΟΡΕΣΤΗΣ
Delphi
Delphi
Published: 2017/04/03
Channel: robtfdfbvv
Delphi - Greece
Delphi - Greece
Published: 2008/09/15
Channel: DiMA6451
The First Delphic Hymn To Apollo c.128BCE
The First Delphic Hymn To Apollo c.128BCE
Published: 2012/03/01
Channel: Michael Levy
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Pythian games)
Jump to: navigation, search
View of the stadium of the Delphi sanctuary, used for the Pythian Games. The stone steps on the left were added under the Romans.
This starting line at the Delphi stadium used for the Pythian Games at Delphi, Greece has a design representative of that of many ancient Greek stadiums: stones with two lines in which the athletes nudged their toes, and round holes in which posts could be erected to support the start signalling mechanism.

The Pythian Games (Greek: Πύθια; also Delphic Games) were one of the four Panhellenic Games of Ancient Greece. They were held in honour of Apollo every four years at his sanctuary at Delphi.[1] They were held two years after each Olympic Games, and between each Nemean and Isthmian Games. The Pythian Games were founded sometime in the 6th century BC, and, unlike the Olympic Games, also featured competitions for art and dance. The art and dance competitions pre-dated the athletic portion of the games, and were said to have been started by Apollo after he killed Python and set up the oracle at Delphi. Otherwise, the athletic events were the same as those at the Olympic Games.

The winners received a wreath of bay laurel, sacred to Apollo, from the city of Tempe, in Thessaly. Smaller versions of the Pythian Games were celebrated in many other cities of the Levant and Greece.

Mythology[edit]

The Pythian Games supposedly start with the mythical serpent, Python. It had been sent to chase the pregnant goddess Leto by a jealous Hera. Leto managed to escape and gave birth to Artemis and Apollo. Despite being only a few days old, Apollo swore vengeance on Python and vowed to kill him. Meanwhile, Python had fled to Delphi and hidden himself there. Apollo followed him and, after a fierce battle, slew the monster with his bow. After burying the body, Apollo founded the oracle of Delphi. However, by slaying Python, Apollo had committed a crime and Zeus declared that he had to make amends. Apollo then created the Pythian Games to pay for the death.[2] According to another version, Apollo exiled himself in the land of the Hyperboreans and founded the Pythian Games upon his return, as a sign of celebration.[citation needed]

History[edit]

The Pythian Games included a chariot race.

The historical timeframe of the Pythian Games started in 582 BC, when the administration of the Games was handed over to the Delphic Amphictyony, a council of twelve Greek tribes, at the end of the First Sacred War. As of that time, they did not take place every eight years as in the past, but every four years, two years before and after the Olympic Games, presumably at the end of August.[citation needed]

In the beginning, only musical contests were held in the Pythian Games then extended by singing to instrumental performances. These retained great importance as also in the other big festivals, although with the new rearrangement gymnastic competitions and chariot racing were also introduced to the games.[citation needed]

Preparations for the games began six months prior. Nine citizens from Delphi, called Theoroi, were sent to all Greek cities to announce the beginning of the games in order to attract athletes, as well as to declare the period of the Sacred Truce (Hierominia), aiming at protecting not only the Theoroi and the athletes who travelled to Delphi, but also the temple of Apollo itself. If a city was involved in armed conflict or in robberies during that period, its citizens were forbidden to enter the Sanctuary, participate at the games, or consult the Oracle. At the same time, the truce allowed the Amphictyony to focus on preparing for the games, which included restorations for all structures of the Sanctuary, from the temples to the streets and fountains. Scores of people flocked out of entire Greece, bringing in substantial revenue to the city.[citation needed]

Despite the rise of Christianity in the Roman Empire during the 4th century, Delphi remained an active pagan site and the Pythian Games continued to be celebrated at least until AD 424.[3]

Overview[edit]

Unfortunately, the testimonials and documents covering the Delphic Games were mainly destroyed through human violence and natural catastrophes. All the remaining resources highlight the glory and glamour of the Games. The records of Aristoteles[citation needed] present an overview about the festivities: the Games lasted for six to eight days and were started by a reenactment of the victory of Apollo over Python. In a festive and glamorous procession a ritual sacrifice was performed in the Temple of Apollo. After four days of festivities the Games began.

Events[edit]

The athletic competition included four track sports (stade, diaulos, dolichos and hoplitodromos (racing encumbered with pieces of Hoplite armor)), wrestling, boxing, pankration, and the pentathlon. These sports were introduced to the games gradually over time. The final day of the games was dedicated to equestrian races which gradually came to include harness racing, synoris (a chariot drawn by two horses), chariot drawn by four horses, and racing with a horse (without a chariot), held in a hippodrome in the plain of Krisa, not far from the sea, in the place where the original stadium was sited. (ref: Pindar) The other athletic contests took place in the Stadium.

In the Roman period theatrical competitions were introduced, carried out in the late-Hellenistic theater.

The musical disciplines included:

  • A Hymn addressed to Apollo, the god of arts and music.
  • Aulos (reed pipe) and kithara (an old Greek string instrument) with or without singing
  • Acting and dance
  • Painting

Prizes[edit]

No monetary prizes were awarded to winners in the Games. Instead they received a wreath of bay laurel, sacred to Apollo, from the city of Tempe, in Thessaly. This is similar to the practice in the other Panhellenic games, which were all on this account called "stephanitic" ("crown") games. Smaller versions of the Pythian Games were celebrated in many other cities of the Levant and Greece.

Pindar and the Pythionikoi[edit]

Of the 45 poems composed by the Theban poet Pindar in honor of winners at the Panhellenic games, 12 were called Pythionikoi, since they were composed for winners at the Pythian Games. These special constitute a special source for the Games. In those poems, Pindar praises not only the victors, but also their families, as well as the aristocratic and athletic ideals of the late archaic period.

The Pythionikoi as a source of information[edit]

Pindar worked on lyric poetry.[4] The largest part of his surviving works is the Victory Odes (Epinikia), chorus songs to be sung in the homeland of the winner of the Games upon his return. The Greek aristocracy of the first half of the 5th c. B.C., mostly the tyrants of Sicily and the conservative aristocracy of Aegina, constituted the clientelle of the poet. Thus, his Odes of Victory reflect the aristocratic ideals which were losing ground so fast. The winner’s laudation is reinforced by adding mythological details. However, a prerequisite for understanding and cherishing the poems is a well-educated audience. The poet uses his work not only to speak of the victory won by his client and his family, but also to accentuate the family’s history and its connections all over Greece. The total number of Victory Odes is 45 celebrating the winners in the four most famous panhellenic athletic competitions: the Olympic, the Nemean, the Pythian and the Isthmian Games. The hymns celebrating victories in Pythian Games include 12 odes and offer information on the exact competition of each athlete. Thus, we can constitute a list of the winners as follows: In 498 B.C. Hippokles from Thessaly won at the children's diaulus (10th Pythionicus). In 490 B.C. Midas from Akragas won at the musical contests as a flute player (12th Pythionicus). In 486 B.C. Megakles from Athens won at the chariot racing (7th Pythionicus. In 475 (?) and in 474(?) B.C. Hieron of Syracuse won the chariot racing (2nd Pythionicus. In 474 Thrasydaeus from Thebes won at the children's stadium (11th Pythionicus) and Telesikrates from Cyrene won at the armed race (9th Pythionicus). In 470 B.C. Hieron from Aetna won at the chariot racing (1st Pythinicus). Finally, in 462/1 B.C. Arkesilaus from Cyrene won at the chariot racing (4th and 5th Pythionikoi).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pythian Games, Encyclopædia Britannica.
  2. ^ "Apollo's fight with the monstrous python". Greek-Gods.info. Retrieved 2015-10-28. 
  3. ^ Gregory, Timothy E. (1991). "Delphi". In Kazhdan, Alexander. Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. London and New York: Oxford University Press. p. 602. ISBN 978-0-19-504652-6. 
  4. ^ Pindar. The Odes of Pindar including the Principal Fragments with an Introduction and an English Translation by Sir John Sandys, Litt.D., FBA. Cambridge, MA., Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1937

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°28′57.60″N 22°29′52.97″E / 38.4826667°N 22.4980472°E / 38.4826667; 22.4980472

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license