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LIVE: Middle East Quartet orders to freeze Israel
LIVE: Middle East Quartet orders to freeze Israel's settlement construction
Published: 2010/03/19
Channel: RT
Middle East Quartet report lists obstacles to regional peace
Middle East Quartet report lists obstacles to regional peace
Published: 2016/07/02
Channel: CGTN
The Galilee Quartet: Playing for peace, love and humanity
The Galilee Quartet: Playing for peace, love and humanity
Published: 2017/08/08
Channel: Middle East Monitor
Quartet urges Israeli action
Quartet urges Israeli action
Published: 2010/03/19
Channel: Al Jazeera English
Devageetham Middle East 2   St  Michael
Devageetham Middle East 2 St Michael's, Quartet & Judges Comments 2 2
Published: 2014/01/14
Channel: Julie Brian
Message from Quartet Representative to the Middle East Tony Blair
Message from Quartet Representative to the Middle East Tony Blair
Published: 2011/01/12
Channel: OneVoice Movement
Yazz Ahmed Quartet at BBC Arabic Festival 2015 opening night
Yazz Ahmed Quartet at BBC Arabic Festival 2015 opening night
Published: 2016/05/05
Channel: BBC Arabic بي بي سي عربي
Middle East Quartet talks peace at the United Nations
Middle East Quartet talks peace at the United Nations
Published: 2008/12/15
Channel: Talk Radio News Service
Ban meets Middle East Quartet in Trieste, Italy
Ban meets Middle East Quartet in Trieste, Italy
Published: 2009/06/26
Channel: United Nations
Middle East Quartet calls on Israel and Palestinians to launch direct negotiations
Middle East Quartet calls on Israel and Palestinians to launch direct negotiations
Published: 2010/08/20
Channel: United Nations
Mideast Quartet meets hoping to avoid looming crisis
Mideast Quartet meets hoping to avoid looming crisis
Published: 2011/07/12
Channel: AFP news agency
Middle East Quartet | Prophecy Update
Middle East Quartet | Prophecy Update
Published: 2016/07/01
Channel: EndtimeInc
Obama and the "Quartet"
Obama and the "Quartet"
Published: 2011/07/12
Channel: infolivetvenglish
Inside Story- Tony Blair to meet the Quartet- 15Jul07-Part 1
Inside Story- Tony Blair to meet the Quartet- 15Jul07-Part 1
Published: 2007/07/17
Channel: Al Jazeera English
Quartet lags on Middle East peace aims
Quartet lags on Middle East peace aims
Published: 2012/04/12
Channel: Al Jazeera English
The Little Joe McLerran Quartet travels to the Middle East
The Little Joe McLerran Quartet travels to the Middle East
Published: 2010/04/03
Channel: rootbluesreborn
Quartet 1st Meeting in18 Months
Quartet 1st Meeting in18 Months
Published: 2013/09/29
Channel: Nizar Abboud
The Peace Quartet and Israel
The Peace Quartet and Israel
Published: 2016/07/10
Channel: The Docterr
ME Quartet opposes Israeli settlement activities
ME Quartet opposes Israeli settlement activities
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: PressTV News Videos
Middle East Quartet Meets in Brussels
Middle East Quartet Meets in Brussels
Published: 2010/01/16
Channel: AnnaMoya81
Dayo Bejide Jazz Project - Quartet on the Middle East!
Dayo Bejide Jazz Project - Quartet on the Middle East!
Published: 2011/08/25
Channel: TheNatureboi7
Germany: Quartet on the Middle East meets on MSC sidelines
Germany: Quartet on the Middle East meets on MSC sidelines
Published: 2016/02/12
Channel: Ruptly TV
Secretary Clinton Discusses the Middle East Quartet Meeting
Secretary Clinton Discusses the Middle East Quartet Meeting
Published: 2011/09/23
Channel: U.S. Department of State
Inside Story- Tony Blair to meet the Quartet- 15Jul07-Part 2
Inside Story- Tony Blair to meet the Quartet- 15Jul07-Part 2
Published: 2007/07/17
Channel: Al Jazeera English
Federica Mogherini on the occasion of release of the Middle East Quartet Report
Federica Mogherini on the occasion of release of the Middle East Quartet Report
Published: 2016/07/01
Channel: European External Action Service (EEAS)
Meeting of Middle East "Quartet" on sidelines of VE Day
Meeting of Middle East "Quartet" on sidelines of VE Day
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Arrivals for the Quartet meeting on the Middle East, photo op
Arrivals for the Quartet meeting on the Middle East, photo op
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Catherine Ashton at the Middle East Quartet meeting
Catherine Ashton at the Middle East Quartet meeting
Published: 2014/02/03
Channel: European External Action Service (EEAS)
Mideast Quartet Calls On  Israel to Freeze Settlements
Mideast Quartet Calls On Israel to Freeze Settlements
Published: 2010/03/22
Channel: VOA News
Moscow and EU agree on calling MidEast Quartet meeting
Moscow and EU agree on calling MidEast Quartet meeting
Published: 2009/02/11
Channel: RT
Quartet Middle East envoy Blair meets President Peres
Quartet Middle East envoy Blair meets President Peres
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Quartet Middle East Envoy Tony Blair
Quartet Middle East Envoy Tony Blair
Published: 2014/05/14
Channel: YaLa Young Leaders
US Secretary of State meets with Quartet envoy Tony Blair
US Secretary of State meets with Quartet envoy Tony Blair
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Mideast quartet meets over Palestinian statehood bid
Mideast quartet meets over Palestinian statehood bid
Published: 2011/09/17
Channel: euronews (in English)
Mideast Quartet opposes Israel
Mideast Quartet opposes Israel's settlement activity
Published: 2016/09/24
Channel: PressTV News Videos
Quartet envoy Blair in talks with Barak, Fayyad
Quartet envoy Blair in talks with Barak, Fayyad
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Austria: Lavrov arrives in Vienna for Middle East Quartet meeting
Austria: Lavrov arrives in Vienna for Middle East Quartet meeting
Published: 2015/10/23
Channel: Ruptly TV
Trend Update: Peace Talks, Middle East Quartet, Russia, Saudi Peace Initiative, June 2016
Trend Update: Peace Talks, Middle East Quartet, Russia, Saudi Peace Initiative, June 2016
Published: 2016/06/07
Channel: PaulthePoke
USA: Lavrov and Syrian FM Muallem meet after Middle East quartet talks
USA: Lavrov and Syrian FM Muallem meet after Middle East quartet talks
Published: 2015/10/01
Channel: Ruptly TV
Middle East Quartet envoy Blair meets Italian President
Middle East Quartet envoy Blair meets Italian President
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Quartet envoy Blair with Palestinian PM, comments
Quartet envoy Blair with Palestinian PM, comments
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Mideast deal possible by end of 2008 - Quartet
Mideast deal possible by end of 2008 - Quartet
Published: 2008/05/03
Channel: RT
Quartet Middle East Envoy Tony Blair at the 2nd YaLa Online Peace Conference
Quartet Middle East Envoy Tony Blair at the 2nd YaLa Online Peace Conference
Published: 2012/12/18
Channel: YaLa Young Leaders
President Abbas Receives Quartet Special Middle East Peace Envoy Tony Blair
President Abbas Receives Quartet Special Middle East Peace Envoy Tony Blair
Published: 2012/11/18
Channel: President Mahmoud Abbas
Mideast quartet envoy meets head of Palestinian negotiation team
Mideast quartet envoy meets head of Palestinian negotiation team
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
Russian FM Lavrov attends Quartet meeting
Russian FM Lavrov attends Quartet meeting
Published: 2015/07/30
Channel: AP Archive
CHARITIES PUT PRESSURE ON MIDDLE EAST PEACE QUARTET
CHARITIES PUT PRESSURE ON MIDDLE EAST PEACE QUARTET
Published: 2008/09/26
Channel: BritishSatelliteNews
Middle East Quartet seeks ‘concrete steps’ to revive peace talks
Middle East Quartet seeks ‘concrete steps’ to revive peace talks
Published: 2015/10/01
Channel: Breaking Gulf News
PM Netanyahu and Quartet Envoy Tony Blair
PM Netanyahu and Quartet Envoy Tony Blair
Published: 2010/06/21
Channel: IsraeliPM
Ksenia Shklyarova&The Quartet - Jazz Program DEMO
Ksenia Shklyarova&The Quartet - Jazz Program DEMO
Published: 2017/10/17
Channel: Ksenia Shklyarova
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Offices of the Quartet in Jerusalem

The Quartet on the Middle East or Middle East Quartet, sometimes called the Diplomatic Quartet or Madrid Quartet or simply the Quartet, is a foursome of nations and international and supranational entities involved in mediating the Israeli–Palestinian peace process. The Quartet comprises the United Nations, the United States, the European Union, and Russia. The group was established in Madrid in 2002, recalling Madrid Conference of 1991, as a result of the escalating conflict in the Middle East. Tony Blair resigned as the Quartet's Special Envoy on 27 May 2015.[1]

History[edit]

The initiative to establish the Quartet evolved following the outbreak of the Second Intifada in September 2000 and the futile cease-fire attempts that followed. On October 25, 2001, representatives of the EU, UN and the US and Russian governments met Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat and jointly expressed support for his policy of implementing cease-fire and security reforms in the Palestinian Authority.[2] During the Israeli incursions into Palestinian areas in April 2002, the representatives of the same four entities met in Madrid and again called for implementation of cease-fire agreements brokered by the US government before. In the same meeting, they also agreed to transform their quadripartite cooperation into a permanent forum for follow-up of the Israeli-Palestinian peace process.[3]

Special Envoys[edit]

James Wolfensohn, the former president of the World Bank, was appointed Special Envoy for Israel's disengagement from Gaza in April 2005.[4] He stepped down the following year because of restrictions in dealing with the Islamic militant group Hamas and the withholding of money from the Palestinian Authority, risking its collapse.[5]

Tony Blair announced that he had accepted the position of the official envoy of the Quartet, the same day he resigned as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and as a Member of Parliament on 27 June 2007.[6] The approval came after initial objections by Russia.[7] The United Nations were overseeing the finances and security of his mission, before his resignation on 27 May 2015.[8][9]

The present special envoy from November 2015 is the Dutch national Kito de Boer.[10]

Peace efforts and actions[edit]

Tony Blair has periodically travelled to the Middle East following his appointment as Special Envoy. On a trip there in March 2008, he met with Israeli leaders to discuss recent violence. A planned meeting between Israeli and Palestinian businessmen was postponed due to recent fighting.[11] In May 2008 Blair announced a new plan for peace and for Palestinian rights, based heavily on the ideas of the Peace Valley plan.[12]

In an August 2009 interview, Blair said he would like to see Hamas and Hezbollah included in peace talks but under the right conditions, that religious leaders should be more involved in the peace process, and that resolving the conflict could be easier than it was in Northern Ireland.[13]

In a speech given in Israel on August 24, 2010, Blair sharply criticised the campaign of "delegitimization" being carried out by enemies of Israel and proponents of the Palestinians, which refuses to grant Israel its legitimate right to its own point of view and self-defense. "Don't apply rules to the Government of Israel that you would never dream of applying to your own country," he said. He characterized such double standards and prejudice as being an "affront to humanity" which "it is a democratic duty to counter."[14]

Representatives[edit]

Criticism and shortcomings[edit]

Despite the significance officially attached to the Quartet's part in promoting the peace process, many of its statements are merely repetition of previous statements and no significant changes in policy by either the Israeli government or the Palestinian Authority have occurred resulting from a Quartet meeting.[15]

The Quartet has been fiercely criticized for its ineffectiveness. When Tony Blair held the function of Quartet representative, in December 2012, Palestinian officials said that "Tony Blair shouldn't take it personally, but he should pack up his desk at the Office of the Quartet Representative in Jerusalem and go home. They said his job, and the body he represents, are ′useless, useless, useless′".[16]

The Center for Middle East Policy said in February 2012 that "The Quartet has little to show for its decade-long involvement in the peace process. ... Having spent most of the last three years in a state of near paralysis, and having failed to dissuade the Palestinians from seeking UN membership and recognition in September 2011, the Quartet has finally reached the limits of its utility. ... The current mechanism is too outdated, dysfunctional, and discredited to be reformed. Instead of undertaking another vain attempt to 'reactivate' the Quartet, the United States, the European Union, United Nations, and Russia should simply allow the existing mechanism to go quietly into the night,".[16]

Main sessions[edit]

The Quartet's meetings have been held on the following dates:

  • a  Proclaimed the Road Map for the two-state solution.
  • b  Convened in order to find a formula for restarting bilateral negotiations; ended without any results.
  • c  Condemned settlement expansion in Ariel and East Jerusalem.[17]
  • d  Issued a new schedule for resumption of negotiations between the Israeli government and the Palestinian Authority, which called for completing negotiations by end of 2012.[18]
  • e  Called upon the parties to resume negotiations.[19]
  • f  Meeting with Israeli and Palestinian negotiators in Jerusalem.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2015-05-27. 
  2. ^ Joint statement, October 25, 2001 Archived October 3, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ Letter dated 10 April 2002 from the Secretary-General addressed to the President of the Security Council Archived October 3, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ "Secretary-General Welcoms James Wolfensohn's Appointment by Quartet" (Press release). United Nations. 14 April 2005. 
  5. ^ Stephen Farrell (3 May 2006). "West 'has to prevent collapse' of Palestinian Authority". The Times. Retrieved 2007-09-02. 
  6. ^ "Blair appointed Middle East envoy". BBC News. 27 June 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-02. 
  7. ^ "Quartet at loggerheads over scope of authority for Mideast envoy". Haaretz. 27 June 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-02. 
  8. ^ United Nations Security Council Verbatim Report 5736. S/PV/5736 29 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-02.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2015-05-27. 
  10. ^ Welcome to the website of the Office of the Quartet Archived April 2, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ Herb Keinon, Hilary Leila Krieger, and Tovah Lazaroff, "Livni: Israel not expanding settlements", Jerusalem Post, 3/13/08.
  12. ^ Israel may ease grip in Tony Blair deal to revive West Bank Archived September 23, 2011, at the Wayback Machine., The Times May 14, 2008
  13. ^ "Terrasanta.net" (in Italian). Theholylandreview.net. Retrieved 2010-08-20. 
  14. ^ Tony Blair, "It is a democratic duty to counter delegitimisation of Israel," full text at "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 19, 2012. Retrieved December 18, 2010.  and summarized by Herb Keinon in the Jerusalem Post of Aug. 25, 2010, "Delegitimization of Israel is affront to humanity," at http://www.jpost.com/Israel/Article.aspx?id=185860.[permanent dead link]
  15. ^ Nathalie Tocci, The EU, the Middle East Quartet and (In)effective Multilateralism[permanent dead link]
  16. ^ a b ′Useless, useless, useless′: the Palestinian verdict on Tony Blair's job Archived November 27, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.. Matthew Kalman, The Independent, 16 December 2012
  17. ^ Statement of Aug. 16, 2011 Archived October 3, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  18. ^ Statement of September 23, 2011
  19. ^ Statement by the High Representative, Catherine Ashton, following the Middle East Quartet Envoys' Meeting in Brussels Archived October 15, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]

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