Play Video
1
how to speak kichwa lesson 1
how to speak kichwa lesson 1
::2009/04/22::
Play Video
2
help save our languages (kichwa)
help save our languages (kichwa)
::2009/04/07::
Play Video
3
how to speak kichwa lesson 5
how to speak kichwa lesson 5
::2009/08/04::
Play Video
4
curso kichwa parte 1 al 5 (audio only)
curso kichwa parte 1 al 5 (audio only)
::2012/02/17::
Play Video
5
curso de  kichwa 6 al 10
curso de kichwa 6 al 10
::2012/02/18::
Play Video
6
Students singing Kichwa song in Quito
Students singing Kichwa song in Quito
::2008/03/27::
Play Video
7
KICHWA RIMAK - ANAKO DE PAÑO
KICHWA RIMAK - ANAKO DE PAÑO
::2014/04/16::
Play Video
8
We are the World remake in Quichua
We are the World remake in Quichua
::2010/05/08::
Play Video
9
MEGA MIXER 2014 NANCY ESTRELLITA DE LA MUSICA KICHWA   (BY DUVER DJ)
MEGA MIXER 2014 NANCY ESTRELLITA DE LA MUSICA KICHWA (BY DUVER DJ)
::2014/05/18::
Play Video
10
Fiestas Del Yamor 2014- Pueblo Kichwa Otavalo, Ecuador. Parte 1.
Fiestas Del Yamor 2014- Pueblo Kichwa Otavalo, Ecuador. Parte 1.
::2014/09/01::
Play Video
11
Ujsha Rock Kichwa 2014 .-  Inty Raimy
Ujsha Rock Kichwa 2014 .- Inty Raimy
::2014/06/26::
Play Video
12
INTI RAYMI  KICHWA NATION  2012
INTI RAYMI KICHWA NATION 2012
::2012/07/05::
Play Video
13
Kichwa Woman talking about Socio Bosque
Kichwa Woman talking about Socio Bosque
::2012/04/25::
Play Video
14
Trent in Ecuador 2010-2011 Kichwa Singalong
Trent in Ecuador 2010-2011 Kichwa Singalong
::2011/05/05::
Play Video
15
Canción Kichwa
Canción Kichwa
::2013/10/28::
Play Video
16
La vida de Jesus - Quichua, Chimborazo, Ecuador.
La vida de Jesus - Quichua, Chimborazo, Ecuador.
::2013/03/24::
Play Video
17
Inty Raymi otavalo   Grupo Cultural Yarick & kichwa America
Inty Raymi otavalo Grupo Cultural Yarick & kichwa America
::2014/04/11::
Play Video
18
Internetpi kichwata yachakushun - Aprende kichwa en internet - 1
Internetpi kichwata yachakushun - Aprende kichwa en internet - 1
::2012/02/04::
Play Video
19
how to speak kichwa lesson 2
how to speak kichwa lesson 2
::2009/04/24::
Play Video
20
Lengua Materna kichwa
Lengua Materna kichwa
::2013/04/06::
Play Video
21
Curso Kichwa (Quichua) Imbabura Ecuador Leccion 5 (Tiempo Futuro)
Curso Kichwa (Quichua) Imbabura Ecuador Leccion 5 (Tiempo Futuro)
::2014/07/29::
Play Video
22
KICHWA YACHAY 2014
KICHWA YACHAY 2014
::2014/01/09::
Play Video
23
Historia el kichwa
Historia el kichwa
::2014/02/06::
Play Video
24
Runasimi Online clase 2 - 14 de febrero 2014 - ( Aprender Quechua , kichwa)
Runasimi Online clase 2 - 14 de febrero 2014 - ( Aprender Quechua , kichwa)
::2014/03/02::
Play Video
25
Matrimonio Kichwa. "La historia del Fandango y su legado"
Matrimonio Kichwa. "La historia del Fandango y su legado"
::2014/02/10::
Play Video
26
Pista Instrumental KICHWA 001
Pista Instrumental KICHWA 001
::2014/07/01::
Play Video
27
VIDEO INATISHA  Kundi la ISIS lamkata kichwa Mwandishi wa Marekani, latishia kumkata mwingine kulipa
VIDEO INATISHA Kundi la ISIS lamkata kichwa Mwandishi wa Marekani, latishia kumkata mwingine kulipa
::2014/08/21::
Play Video
28
Revista cultural Kichwa en Otavalo
Revista cultural Kichwa en Otavalo
::2011/06/25::
Play Video
29
Shiripuno Comunidad Kichwa
Shiripuno Comunidad Kichwa
::2013/12/17::
Play Video
30
Internetpi kichwata yachakushun - Aprende kichwa en internet - 2
Internetpi kichwata yachakushun - Aprende kichwa en internet - 2
::2012/02/04::
Play Video
31
Testimonio de madre indígena kichwa: "Hasta cuando..."
Testimonio de madre indígena kichwa: "Hasta cuando..."
::2014/09/06::
Play Video
32
Territorio kichwa contaminado, abril 2014
Territorio kichwa contaminado, abril 2014
::2014/05/23::
Play Video
33
Curso Básico de Kichwa
Curso Básico de Kichwa
::2010/05/08::
Play Video
34
Jesus KICHWA
Jesus KICHWA
::2012/02/09::
Play Video
35
Amazonian Kichwa wedding ceremony
Amazonian Kichwa wedding ceremony
::2014/03/09::
Play Video
36
Matrimonio Kichwa. "La historia del Fandango y su legado" 1
Matrimonio Kichwa. "La historia del Fandango y su legado" 1
::2014/02/10::
Play Video
37
Quechua Language, Media and Transnational Linkages
Quechua Language, Media and Transnational Linkages
::2011/02/11::
Play Video
38
ALICE Colloquium_Panel IV: [16] Nina Pacari
ALICE Colloquium_Panel IV: [16] Nina Pacari
::2014/09/19::
Play Video
39
José Gualinga   Pueblo kichwa de Sarayaku  Amazonia Indomable 2012
José Gualinga Pueblo kichwa de Sarayaku Amazonia Indomable 2012
::2013/07/25::
Play Video
40
Swahili: Kichwa cha panzi
Swahili: Kichwa cha panzi
::2009/08/12::
Play Video
41
Kichwa Anangu Community Music & Dance at Napo Wildlife Center @ Yasuni National Park
Kichwa Anangu Community Music & Dance at Napo Wildlife Center @ Yasuni National Park
::2014/07/06::
Play Video
42
SECHA AISHMAN   KICHWA 1 CHICHA SONIDO AMAZONICO
SECHA AISHMAN KICHWA 1 CHICHA SONIDO AMAZONICO
::2014/11/24::
Play Video
43
Comunidad Kichwa de Añangu, un ejemplo de turismo comunitario
Comunidad Kichwa de Añangu, un ejemplo de turismo comunitario
::2014/07/08::
Play Video
44
Quichua Cañar Bible launch in Ecuador
Quichua Cañar Bible launch in Ecuador
::2011/04/28::
Play Video
45
how to speak kichwa lesson 4
how to speak kichwa lesson 4
::2009/06/01::
Play Video
46
Clase 1 de 5 Variante Kichwa de Otavalo - Ecuador
Clase 1 de 5 Variante Kichwa de Otavalo - Ecuador
::2014/09/06::
Play Video
47
kichwa Nivel Básico 1
kichwa Nivel Básico 1
::2014/08/05::
Play Video
48
CORPOCAUSAI Talleres lengua kichwa.wmv
CORPOCAUSAI Talleres lengua kichwa.wmv
::2010/10/06::
Play Video
49
how to speak kichwa lesson 3
how to speak kichwa lesson 3
::2009/04/27::
Play Video
50
Testimonial of a Kichwa Mother: Solutions for Oil Contamination Now!
Testimonial of a Kichwa Mother: Solutions for Oil Contamination Now!
::2014/09/22::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Quichua)
Jump to: navigation, search
Kichwa
Native to Ecuador, Colombia, Peru
Native speakers
unknown (undated figure of 2–3 million)[citation needed]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Variously:
inb – Inga
inj – Jungle Inga
qvo – Napo Lowland
qup – Southern Pastaza
qud – Calderón Highland
qxr – Cañar Highland
qug – Chimborazo Highland
qvi – Imbabura Highland
qvj – Loja Highland
qvz – Northern Pastaza
qxl – Salasaca Highland
quw – Tena Lowland
Glottolog colo1257[1]
{{{mapalt}}}
Distribution of Quechua sub-groups. Kichwa is shown in blue.
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Kichwa (Kichwa shimi, Runashimi, also Spanish Quichua) is a Quechuan language which includes all Quechua varieties of Ecuador and Colombia (Inga), as well as extensions into Peru, and is spoken by 2.5 million people. The most widely spoken dialects are Chimborazo and Imbabura Highland Kichwa, with one to two million and half a million to one million speakers, respectively. Cañar Highland Quecha has 100,000–200,000 speakers; the others in the range of ten to twenty thousand. Kichwa belongs to the Northern Quechua group of Quechua II (according to Alfredo Torero).

Kichwa syntax has undergone some grammatical simplification compared to Southern Quechua, perhaps due to partial creolization with the pre-Inca languages of Ecuador.

A standardized language with a unified orthography (Kichwa Unificado, Shukyachiska Kichwa) has been developed. It is similar to Chimborazo, less some of the phonological peculiarities of that dialect.

The earliest grammatical description of Kichwa was written in the 17th century by the Jesuit priest Hernando de Alcocer.[2]

Particularities[edit]

In contrast to other regional varieties of Quechua, Kichwa does not distinguish between original ("Proto Quechua") /k/ and /q/, which are both pronounced [k]. Therefore, [e] and [o], the allophones of the vowels /i/ and /u/ near /q/, do not exist, and kiru can mean both "tooth" (kiru in Southern Quechua) and "wood" (qiru [qero] in Southern Quechua), and killa can mean both "moon" (killa) and "lazy" (qilla [qeʎa]).

Additionally, Kichwa in both Ecuador and Colombia has lost possessive and bidirectional suffixes (i.e. verbal suffixes indicating both subject and object), as well as the distinction between the exclusive and inclusive first person plural.

Examples:

  • Instead of yayayku / taytayku ("Our Father", the Lord's Prayer) Kichwa people say ñukanchik yaya / ñukanchik tayta.
  • In Kichwa, you do not say suyayki ("I wait for you"), but kanta shuyani.

On the other hand, other particularities of Quechua have been preserved. As in all varieties of Quechua, the words for 'brother' and 'sister' differ depending on whom they refer to. There are four different words for siblings: ñaña (sister of a woman), turi (brother of a woman), pani (sister of a man), and wawki (brother of a man). A woman reading "Ñuka wawki Pedromi kan" would therefore read aloud Ñuka turi Pedromi kan.

Dialects[edit]

The missionary organization FEDEPI (2006) lists eight dialects of Quechua in Ecuador, which they illustrate with the clause "the men will come in two days". (Ethnologue 16 (2009) lists nine, distinguishing Cañar from Loja Highland Quechua.) Below are the comparisons, along with Standard (Ecuadorian) Kichwa and Standard (Southern) Quechua:

Dialect ISO code Speakers per SIL (FEDEPI) Pronunciation Orthography (SIL or official) Notes
Chimborazo [qug] 1,000,000 (2,500,000) Čay k'arikunaka iški punžažapimi šamunga. Chai c'aricunaca ishqui punllallapimi shamunga. ll = "ž"
Imbabura [qvi] 300,000 (1,000,000) Čay harikunaka iškay punžapižami šamunga. Chai jaricunaca ishcai punllapillami shamunga. ll = ž
Cañar–Loja [qxr]
[qvj]
(200,000) qxr: 100,000
qxl: 15,000
Čay k'arikunaka iškay punžallapimi šamunga. Chai c'aricunaca ishcai punzhallapimi shamunga.
Salasaca [qxl] 15,000 Či k'arigunaga iški p'unžažabimi šamunga. Chi c'arigunaga ishqui p'unllallabimi shamunga. ll = ž
Calderón (Pichincha) [qud] 25,000 Čay harikunaka iškay punžapižami šamunga. Chai jaricunaca ishcai punllapillami shamunga. ll = ž
Tena Lowland [quw] 5,000 (10,000) Či kariunaga iški punžallaimi šamunga. Chi cariunaga ishqui punzhallaimi shamunga.
Napo Lowland [qvo] 4,000 Ecu. & 8,000 Peru (15,000) Či karigunaga iškay punčallaimi šamunga. Chi carigunaga ishcai punchallaimi shamunga.
Northern Pastaza [qvz] 4,000 Ecu. & 2,000 Peru (10,000) Či karigunaga iškay punžallaimi šamunga. Chi carigunaga ishcai punzhallaimi shamunga.
Standard Kichwa Čay karikunaka iškay punllallapimi šamunka. Chay karikunaka ishkay punllallapimi shamunka.
Standard Quechua (Qhichwa) Čay qharikunaqa iskay p'unčawllapim hamunqa. Chay qharikunaqa iskay p'unchawllapim hamunqa.

Hip hop music in Kichwa[edit]

A band from Ecuador, "Los Nin", which raps in Kichwa and Spanish, has toured internationally. The band hails from the town of Otavalo, which is known for its traditional music.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Kichwa". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  2. ^ Ciucci, Luca & Pieter C. Muysken 2011. Hernando de Alcocer y la Breve declaración del Arte de la lengua del Ynga. El más antiguo manuscrito de quichua de Ecuador. Indiana 28: 359-393.
  3. ^ Manuela Picq. "Hip-hop Kichwa: Sounds of indigenous modernity". Al Jazeera English. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Ciucci, Luca & Pieter C. Muysken 2011. Hernando de Alcocer y la Breve declaración del Arte de la lengua del Ynga. El más antiguo manuscrito de quichua de Ecuador. Indiana 28: 359-393.

External links[edit]

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014