1
how to speak kichwa lesson 1
how to speak kichwa lesson 1
DATE: 2009/04/22::
2
help save our languages (kichwa)
help save our languages (kichwa)
DATE: 2009/04/07::
3
Learn Kichwa language Lesson 1
Learn Kichwa language Lesson 1
DATE: 2015/05/04::
4
Learn Kichwa language Lesson 3
Learn Kichwa language Lesson 3
DATE: 2015/06/25::
5
Curso de Kichwa de Ecuador - Lección 1
Curso de Kichwa de Ecuador - Lección 1
DATE: 2012/01/10::
6
Curso Kichwa (Quichua) Imbabura Ecuador Leccion 1 (Saludos)
Curso Kichwa (Quichua) Imbabura Ecuador Leccion 1 (Saludos)
DATE: 2014/05/22::
7
how to speak kichwa lesson 5
how to speak kichwa lesson 5
DATE: 2009/08/04::
8
Students singing Kichwa song in Quito
Students singing Kichwa song in Quito
DATE: 2008/03/27::
9
curso kichwa parte 1 al 5 (audio only)
curso kichwa parte 1 al 5 (audio only)
DATE: 2012/02/17::
10
Poesia kichwa Ecuador
Poesia kichwa Ecuador
DATE: 2013/03/06::
11
MEGA MIXER 2014 NANCY ESTRELLITA DE LA MUSICA KICHWA   (BY DUVER DJ)
MEGA MIXER 2014 NANCY ESTRELLITA DE LA MUSICA KICHWA (BY DUVER DJ)
DATE: 2014/05/18::
12
curso de  kichwa 6 al 10
curso de kichwa 6 al 10
DATE: 2012/02/18::
13
AIR ON RADIO FABRICA FM, TEACHING LANGUAGE KICHWA LESSON 1
AIR ON RADIO FABRICA FM, TEACHING LANGUAGE KICHWA LESSON 1
DATE: 2015/06/29::
14
KICHWA RIMAK - ANAKO DE PAÑO
KICHWA RIMAK - ANAKO DE PAÑO
DATE: 2014/04/16::
15
Kichwa Woman talking about Socio Bosque
Kichwa Woman talking about Socio Bosque
DATE: 2012/04/25::
16
We are the World remake in Quichua
We are the World remake in Quichua
DATE: 2010/05/08::
17
Historia el kichwa
Historia el kichwa
DATE: 2014/02/06::
18
Trailer Documental La Ternura del Kichwa
Trailer Documental La Ternura del Kichwa
DATE: 2015/03/08::
19
EATA 103. Napo. Parque Nacional Yasuní. Comunidad Kichwa de Añangu Parte 2
EATA 103. Napo. Parque Nacional Yasuní. Comunidad Kichwa de Añangu Parte 2
DATE: 2014/12/14::
20
Runasimi Online clase 2 - 14 de febrero 2014 - ( Aprender Quechua , kichwa)
Runasimi Online clase 2 - 14 de febrero 2014 - ( Aprender Quechua , kichwa)
DATE: 2014/03/02::
21
Curso de Kichwa - Nivel 1 IV Edición
Curso de Kichwa - Nivel 1 IV Edición
DATE: 2011/08/05::
22
Canción Kichwa
Canción Kichwa
DATE: 2013/10/28::
23
Internetpi kichwata yachakushun - Aprende kichwa en internet - 1
Internetpi kichwata yachakushun - Aprende kichwa en internet - 1
DATE: 2012/02/04::
24
Inty Raymi otavalo   Grupo Cultural Yarick & kichwa America
Inty Raymi otavalo Grupo Cultural Yarick & kichwa America
DATE: 2014/04/11::
25
ALICE Colloquium_Panel IV: [16] Nina Pacari
ALICE Colloquium_Panel IV: [16] Nina Pacari
DATE: 2014/09/19::
26
Trent in Ecuador 2010-2011 Kichwa Singalong
Trent in Ecuador 2010-2011 Kichwa Singalong
DATE: 2011/05/05::
27
Segundo and Charlie, hosts of Kichwa Hatari, radio program in Quechua in NYC
Segundo and Charlie, hosts of Kichwa Hatari, radio program in Quechua in NYC
DATE: 2015/06/04::
28
EATA 102 Napo: Parque Nacional Yasuní. Comunidad Kichwa de Añangu Parte 1
EATA 102 Napo: Parque Nacional Yasuní. Comunidad Kichwa de Añangu Parte 1
DATE: 2014/12/07::
29
KICHWA YACHAY 2014
KICHWA YACHAY 2014
DATE: 2014/01/09::
30
DANZA KICHWA
DANZA KICHWA
DATE: 2014/06/20::
31
Shiripuno Comunidad Kichwa
Shiripuno Comunidad Kichwa
DATE: 2013/12/17::
32
Quichua Mashis tantanacui
Quichua Mashis tantanacui
DATE: 2007/11/01::
33
Yaku, artista kichwa de Sarayaku Ecuador
Yaku, artista kichwa de Sarayaku Ecuador
DATE: 2009/12/14::
34
Quechua Language, Media and Transnational Linkages
Quechua Language, Media and Transnational Linkages
DATE: 2011/02/11::
35
SACHA RUNA / Man of the forest  (English subtitles)
SACHA RUNA / Man of the forest (English subtitles)
DATE: 2015/06/11::
36
Quichua Cañar Bible launch in Ecuador
Quichua Cañar Bible launch in Ecuador
DATE: 2011/04/28::
37
spanish effect on quichua language
spanish effect on quichua language
DATE: 2010/08/16::
38
Sacha Warmi Center by Didier Lacaze in Ecuador
Sacha Warmi Center by Didier Lacaze in Ecuador
DATE: 2013/04/18::
39
TRIBU @ Halifax International Busker Festival 2013
TRIBU @ Halifax International Busker Festival 2013
DATE: 2013/08/07::
40
QUECHUA INDIANS IN THE PRESENT   "Chirapach by Reencuentros music"
QUECHUA INDIANS IN THE PRESENT "Chirapach by Reencuentros music"
DATE: 2010/02/02::
41
Pitt in Ecuador Spring Break
Pitt in Ecuador Spring Break
DATE: 2014/07/31::
42
Ruku Kausay, Amazonian Ecuador: Agustin Grefa
Ruku Kausay, Amazonian Ecuador: Agustin Grefa's Ancient Knowledge and the World Dignity University
DATE: 2012/07/07::
43
Ruku Kausay, Amazonian Ecuador: Evelin Lindner Invites to an Afternoon Strall
Ruku Kausay, Amazonian Ecuador: Evelin Lindner Invites to an Afternoon Strall
DATE: 2012/07/07::
44
The Jesus Film - Quechua, Eastern Apurímac / Quechua del Este de Apurímac Language
The Jesus Film - Quechua, Eastern Apurímac / Quechua del Este de Apurímac Language
DATE: 2013/12/11::
45
Kayaking on Napo River   Visiting Amazon Natives   Shaman Rituals   Wildlife   Tramps Museum
Kayaking on Napo River Visiting Amazon Natives Shaman Rituals Wildlife Tramps Museum
DATE: 2015/02/11::
46
Quichua New Testament released in Ecuador
Quichua New Testament released in Ecuador
DATE: 2010/05/27::
47
Quechua Language, Media and Transnational Linkages [Full Episode]
Quechua Language, Media and Transnational Linkages [Full Episode]
DATE: 2015/05/06::
48
Independent Sources - Haiti: Five Years Later
Independent Sources - Haiti: Five Years Later
DATE: 2015/01/15::
49
Good News Quichua, Salasaca People/Language Movie Trailer
Good News Quichua, Salasaca People/Language Movie Trailer
DATE: 2010/09/15::
50
Atis - Jalictu/ Inti Raimi Tribute
Atis - Jalictu/ Inti Raimi Tribute
DATE: 2011/03/19::
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Kichwa
Native to Ecuador, Colombia, Peru
Native speakers
1.2 million  (1991–2010)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Variously:
inb – Inga
inj – Jungle Inga
qvo – Napo Lowland
qup – Southern Pastaza
qud – Calderón Highland
qxr – Cañar Highland
qug – Chimborazo Highland
qvi – Imbabura Highland
qvj – Loja Highland
qvz – Northern Pastaza
qxl – Salasaca Highland
quw – Tena Lowland
Glottolog colo1257[2]
{{{mapalt}}}
Distribution of Quechua sub-groups. Kichwa is shown in blue.
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Kichwa (Kichwa shimi, Runashimi, also Spanish Quichua) is a Quechuan language which includes all Quechua varieties of Ecuador and Colombia (Inga), as well as extensions into Peru, and is spoken by a million people. The most widely spoken dialects are Chimborazo and Imbabura Highland Kichwa, with one to two million and half a million to one million speakers, respectively. Cañar Highland Quecha has 100,000–200,000 speakers; the others in the range of ten to twenty thousand. Kichwa belongs to the Northern Quechua group of Quechua II (according to Alfredo Torero).

Kichwa syntax has undergone some grammatical simplification compared to Southern Quechua, perhaps due to partial creolization with the pre-Inca languages of Ecuador.

A standardized language with a unified orthography (Kichwa Unificado, Shukyachiska Kichwa) has been developed. It is similar to Chimborazo, less some of the phonological peculiarities of that dialect.

The earliest grammatical description of Kichwa was written in the 17th century by the Jesuit priest Hernando de Alcocer.[3]

Particularities[edit]

In contrast to other regional varieties of Quechua, Kichwa does not distinguish between original ("Proto Quechua") /k/ and /q/, which are both pronounced [k]. Therefore, [e] and [o], the allophones of the vowels /i/ and /u/ near /q/, do not exist, and kiru can mean both "tooth" (kiru in Southern Quechua) and "wood" (qiru [qero] in Southern Quechua), and killa can mean both "moon" (killa) and "lazy" (qilla [qeʎa]).

Additionally, Kichwa in both Ecuador and Colombia has lost possessive and bidirectional suffixes (i.e. verbal suffixes indicating both subject and object), as well as the distinction between the exclusive and inclusive first person plural.

Examples:

  • Instead of yayayku / taytayku ("Our Father", the Lord's Prayer) Kichwa people say ñukanchik yaya / ñukanchik tayta.
  • In Kichwa, you do not say suyayki ("I wait for you"), but kanta shuyani.

On the other hand, other particularities of Quechua have been preserved. As in all varieties of Quechua, the words for 'brother' and 'sister' differ depending on whom they refer to. There are four different words for siblings: ñaña (sister of a woman), turi (brother of a woman), pani (sister of a man), and wawki (brother of a man). A woman reading "Ñuka wawki Pedromi kan" would therefore read aloud Ñuka turi Pedromi kan.

Dialects[edit]

The missionary organization FEDEPI (2006) lists eight dialects of Quechua in Ecuador, which they illustrate with the clause "the men will come in two days". (Ethnologue 16 (2009) lists nine, distinguishing Cañar from Loja Highland Quechua.) Below are the comparisons, along with Standard (Ecuadorian) Kichwa and Standard (Southern) Quechua:

Dialect ISO code Speakers per SIL (FEDEPI) Pronunciation Orthography (SIL or official) Notes
Chimborazo [qug] 1,000,000 (2,500,000) Čay k'arikunaka iški punžažapimi šamunga. Chai c'aricunaca ishqui punllallapimi shamunga. ll = "ž"
Imbabura [qvi] 300,000 (1,000,000) Čay harikunaka iškay punžapižami šamunga. Chai jaricunaca ishcai punllapillami shamunga. ll = ž
Cañar–Loja [qxr]
[qvj]
(200,000) qxr: 100,000
qxl: 15,000
Čay k'arikunaka iškay punžallapimi šamunga. Chai c'aricunaca ishcai punzhallapimi shamunga.
Salasaca [qxl] 15,000 Či k'arigunaga iški p'unžažabimi šamunga. Chi c'arigunaga ishqui p'unllallabimi shamunga. ll = ž
Calderón (Pichincha) [qud] 25,000 Čay harikunaka iškay punžapižami šamunga. Chai jaricunaca ishcai punllapillami shamunga. ll = ž
Tena Lowland [quw] 5,000 (10,000) Či kariunaga iški punžallaimi šamunga. Chi cariunaga ishqui punzhallaimi shamunga.
Napo Lowland [qvo] 4,000 Ecu. & 8,000 Peru (15,000) Či karigunaga iškay punčallaimi šamunga. Chi carigunaga ishcai punchallaimi shamunga.
Northern Pastaza [qvz] 4,000 Ecu. & 2,000 Peru (10,000) Či karigunaga iškay punžallaimi šamunga. Chi carigunaga ishcai punzhallaimi shamunga.
Standard Kichwa Čay karikunaka iškay punllallapimi šamunka. Chay karikunaka ishkay punllallapimi shamunka.
Standard Quechua (Qhichwa) Čay qharikunaqa iskay p'unčawllapim hamunqa. Chay qharikunaqa iskay p'unchawllapim hamunqa.

Hip hop music in Kichwa[edit]

A band from Ecuador, "Los Nin", which raps in Kichwa and Spanish, has toured internationally. The band hails from the town of Otavalo, which is known for its traditional music.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inga at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Jungle Inga at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Napo Lowland at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Southern Pastaza at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Calderón Highland at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Cañar Highland at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    (Additional references under 'Language codes' in the information box)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Colombia–Ecuador Quechua IIB". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Ciucci, Luca & Pieter C. Muysken 2011. Hernando de Alcocer y la Breve declaración del Arte de la lengua del Ynga. El más antiguo manuscrito de quichua de Ecuador. Indiana 28: 359-393.
  4. ^ Manuela Picq. "Hip-hop Kichwa: Sounds of indigenous modernity". Al Jazeera English. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Ciucci, Luca & Pieter C. Muysken 2011. Hernando de Alcocer y la Breve declaración del Arte de la lengua del Ynga. El más antiguo manuscrito de quichua de Ecuador. Indiana 28: 359-393.

External links[edit]

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