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1
how to speak kichwa lesson 1
how to speak kichwa lesson 1
::2009/04/22::
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2
We are the World remake in Quichua
We are the World remake in Quichua
::2010/05/08::
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3
how to speak kichwa lesson 5
how to speak kichwa lesson 5
::2009/08/04::
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4
Canción Kichwa
Canción Kichwa
::2013/10/28::
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5
Villancico en Quichua, Cuenca 2012, Teatro Carlos Cueva T.
Villancico en Quichua, Cuenca 2012, Teatro Carlos Cueva T.
::2012/12/23::
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6
Students singing Kichwa song in Quito
Students singing Kichwa song in Quito
::2008/03/28::
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7
La vida de Jesus - Quichua, Chimborazo, Ecuador.
La vida de Jesus - Quichua, Chimborazo, Ecuador.
::2013/03/25::
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8
curso de kichwa interactivo
curso de kichwa interactivo
::2013/10/19::
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9
Kichwa Woman talking about Socio Bosque
Kichwa Woman talking about Socio Bosque
::2012/04/26::
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10
Quichua Cañar Bible launch in Ecuador
Quichua Cañar Bible launch in Ecuador
::2011/04/28::
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11
Good News Quichua Cayambe People/Language Movie Trailer
Good News Quichua Cayambe People/Language Movie Trailer
::2011/12/30::
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12
help save our languages (kichwa)
help save our languages (kichwa)
::2009/04/07::
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13
Good News Quichua, Salasaca People/Language Movie Trailer
Good News Quichua, Salasaca People/Language Movie Trailer
::2010/09/15::
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14
Words of Life Quichua, Chimborazo People/Language Movie Trailer
Words of Life Quichua, Chimborazo People/Language Movie Trailer
::2010/12/05::
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15
LIBRO JUVENIL QUICHUA "WAWQES PUKLLAS", Santiago del Estero 2013
LIBRO JUVENIL QUICHUA "WAWQES PUKLLAS", Santiago del Estero 2013
::2013/03/25::
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16
Quechua Language, Media and Transnational Linkages
Quechua Language, Media and Transnational Linkages
::2011/02/11::
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17
curso kichwa parte 1 al 5 (audio only)
curso kichwa parte 1 al 5 (audio only)
::2012/02/17::
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18
Words of Life QUICHUA, OTOVALO People/Language Movie Trailer
Words of Life QUICHUA, OTOVALO People/Language Movie Trailer
::2009/08/06::
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19
curso de  kichwa 6 al 10
curso de kichwa 6 al 10
::2012/02/18::
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20
Good News QUICHUA, SANTA ROSINO People/Language Movie Trailer
Good News QUICHUA, SANTA ROSINO People/Language Movie Trailer
::2009/05/28::
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21
Song - Kichwa Kibov, Artist - CANNIBAL
Song - Kichwa Kibov, Artist - CANNIBAL
::2014/02/27::
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22
An Invitation (Message From Don Alverto Taxo - A Quichua Elder And Healer)
An Invitation (Message From Don Alverto Taxo - A Quichua Elder And Healer)
::2013/02/23::
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23
Allpa. La tierra de las semillas. Quichua
Allpa. La tierra de las semillas. Quichua
::2012/05/11::
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24
Trent in Ecuador 2010-2011 Kichwa Singalong
Trent in Ecuador 2010-2011 Kichwa Singalong
::2011/05/05::
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25
spanish effect on quichua language
spanish effect on quichua language
::2010/08/16::
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26
Cancion de amor en Quichua
Cancion de amor en Quichua
::2009/09/20::
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27
Quichua New Testament released in Ecuador
Quichua New Testament released in Ecuador
::2010/05/27::
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28
Ruku Kausay, Amazonian Ecuador: Evelin Lindner Invites to an Afternoon Strall
Ruku Kausay, Amazonian Ecuador: Evelin Lindner Invites to an Afternoon Strall
::2012/07/08::
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29
Ecuador multietnico !! #Quichua 2014 CNE
Ecuador multietnico !! #Quichua 2014 CNE
::2013/10/30::
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30
Quichua` 1923 intro
Quichua` 1923 intro
::2013/02/21::
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31
Quichua mashis
Quichua mashis
::2010/09/29::
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32
BODA QUICHUA TA
BODA QUICHUA TA
::2013/05/30::
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33
KICHWA YACHAY 2014
KICHWA YACHAY 2014
::2014/01/09::
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34
TRIBU @ Halifax International Busker Festival 2013
TRIBU @ Halifax International Busker Festival 2013
::2013/08/07::
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35
Internetpi kichwata yachakushun - Aprende kichwa en internet - 1
Internetpi kichwata yachakushun - Aprende kichwa en internet - 1
::2012/02/05::
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36
Internetpi kichwata yachakushun - Aprende kichwa en internet - 2
Internetpi kichwata yachakushun - Aprende kichwa en internet - 2
::2012/02/05::
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37
Clase de Lingüística Regional Quichua - Castellano Unidad 1 - Módulo 1
Clase de Lingüística Regional Quichua - Castellano Unidad 1 - Módulo 1
::2013/07/10::
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38
Salasaca Jorge Caisabanda/Quichua
Salasaca Jorge Caisabanda/Quichua
::2012/08/27::
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39
Sacha Warmi Center by Didier Lacaze in Ecuador
Sacha Warmi Center by Didier Lacaze in Ecuador
::2013/04/18::
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40
QUECHUA INDIANS IN THE PRESENT   "Chirapach by Reencuentros music"
QUECHUA INDIANS IN THE PRESENT "Chirapach by Reencuentros music"
::2010/02/02::
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41
Flavio Santi on Native Voice TV 1, Ecuador Spiritual Healer, Quichua and Shuar tribes
Flavio Santi on Native Voice TV 1, Ecuador Spiritual Healer, Quichua and Shuar tribes
::2010/04/20::
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42
Clases Quichua
Clases Quichua
::2013/04/17::
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43
quichua yachanawasi
quichua yachanawasi
::2009/01/02::
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44
Marisabel Albuja singing Nombre eterno in quichua
Marisabel Albuja singing Nombre eterno in quichua
::2010/04/10::
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45
Quichua Music
Quichua Music
::2011/08/30::
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46
Shiripuno Comunidad Kichwa
Shiripuno Comunidad Kichwa
::2013/12/17::
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47
El Quichua en el Ecuador
El Quichua en el Ecuador
::2012/11/18::
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48
sexy quichua boys
sexy quichua boys
::2009/05/12::
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49
Curso de Kichwa - Nivel 1 IV Edición
Curso de Kichwa - Nivel 1 IV Edición
::2011/08/06::
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Inty Raymi otavalo   Grupo Cultural Yarick & kichwa America
Inty Raymi otavalo Grupo Cultural Yarick & kichwa America
::2014/04/11::
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Kichwa
Native to Ecuador, Colombia, Peru
Native speakers
unknown (undated figure of 2–3 million)[citation needed]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Variously:
inb – Inga
inj – Jungle Inga
qvo – Napo Lowland
qup – Southern Pastaza
qud – Calderón Highland
qxr – Cañar Highland
qug – Chimborazo Highland
qvi – Imbabura Highland
qvj – Loja Highland
qvz – Northern Pastaza
qxl – Salasaca Highland
quw – Tena Lowland
Glottolog colo1257[1]
{{{mapalt}}}
Distribution of Quechua sub-groups. Kichwa is shown in blue.
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Kichwa (Kichwa shimi, Runashimi, also Spanish Quichua) is a Quechuan language which includes all Quechua varieties of Ecuador and Colombia (Inga), as well as extensions into Peru, and is spoken by 2.5 million people. The most widely spoken dialects are Chimborazo and Imbabura Highland Kichwa, with one to two million and half a million to one million speakers, respectively. Cañar Highland Quecha has 100,000–200,000 speakers; the others in the range of ten to twenty thousand. Kichwa belongs to the Northern Quechua group of Quechua II (according to Alfredo Torero).

Kichwa syntax has undergone some grammatical simplification compared to Southern Quechua, perhaps due to partial creolization with the pre-Inca languages of Ecuador.

A standardized language with a unified orthography (Kichwa Unificado, Shukyachiska Kichwa) has been developed. It is similar to Chimborazo, less some of the phonological peculiarities of that dialect.

The earliest grammatical description of Kichwa was written in the 17th century by the Jesuit priest Hernando de Alcocer.[2]

Particularities[edit]

In contrast to other regional varieties of Quechua, Kichwa does not distinguish between original ("Proto Quechua") /k/ and /q/, which are both pronounced [k]. Therefore, [e] and [o], the allophones of the vowels /i/ and /u/ near /q/, do not exist, and kiru can mean both "tooth" (kiru in Southern Quechua) and "wood" (qiru [qero] in Southern Quechua), and killa can mean both "moon" (killa) and "lazy" (qilla [qeʎa]).

Additionally, Kichwa in both Ecuador and Colombia has lost possessive and bidirectional suffixes (i.e. verbal suffixes indicating both subject and object), as well as the distinction between the exclusive and inclusive first person plural.

Examples:

  • Instead of yayayku / taytayku ("Our Father", the Lord's Prayer) Kichwa people say ñukanchik yaya / ñukanchik tayta.
  • In Kichwa, you do not say suyayki ("I wait for you"), but kanta shuyani.

On the other hand, other particularities of Quechua have been preserved. As in all varieties of Quechua, the words for 'brother' and 'sister' differ depending on whom they refer to. There are four different words for siblings: ñaña (sister of a woman), turi (brother of a woman), pani (sister of a man), and wawki (brother of a man). A woman reading "Ñuka wawki Pedromi kan" would therefore read aloud Ñuka turi Pedromi kan.

Dialects[edit]

The missionary organization FEDEPI (2006) lists eight dialects of Quechua in Ecuador, which they illustrate with the clause "the men will come in two days". (Ethnologue 16 (2009) lists nine, distinguishing Cañar from Loja Highland Quechua.) Below are the comparisons, along with Standard (Ecuadorian) Kichwa and Standard (Southern) Quechua:

Dialect ISO code Speakers per SIL (FEDEPI) Pronunciation Orthography (SIL or official) Notes
Chimborazo [qug] 1,000,000 (2,500,000) Čay k'arikunaka iški punžažapimi šamunga. Chai c'aricunaca ishqui punllallapimi shamunga. ll = "ž"
Imbabura [qvi] 300,000 (1,000,000) Čay harikunaka iškay punžapižami šamunga. Chai jaricunaca ishcai punllapillami shamunga. ll = ž
Cañar–Loja [qxr]
[qvj]
(200,000) qxr: 100,000
qxl: 15,000
Čay k'arikunaka iškay punžallapimi šamunga. Chai c'aricunaca ishcai punzhallapimi shamunga.
Salasaca [qxl] 15,000 Či k'arigunaga iški p'unžažabimi šamunga. Chi c'arigunaga ishqui p'unllallabimi shamunga. ll = ž
Calderón (Pichincha) [qud] 25,000 Čay harikunaka iškay punžapižami šamunga. Chai jaricunaca ishcai punllapillami shamunga. ll = ž
Tena Lowland [quw] 5,000 (10,000) Či kariunaga iški punžallaimi šamunga. Chi cariunaga ishqui punzhallaimi shamunga.
Napo Lowland [qvo] 4,000 Ecu. & 8,000 Peru (15,000) Či karigunaga iškay punčallaimi šamunga. Chi carigunaga ishcai punchallaimi shamunga.
Northern Pastaza [qvz] 4,000 Ecu. & 2,000 Peru (10,000) Či karigunaga iškay punžallaimi šamunga. Chi carigunaga ishcai punzhallaimi shamunga.
Standard Kichwa Čay karikunaka iškay punllallapimi šamunka. Chay karikunaka ishkay punllallapimi shamunka.
Standard Quechua (Qhichwa) Čay qharikunaqa iskay p'unčawllapim hamunqa. Chay qharikunaqa iskay p'unchawllapim hamunqa.

Hip hop music in Kichwa[edit]

A band from Ecuador, "Los Nin", which raps in Kichwa and Spanish, has toured internationally. The band hails from the town of Otavalo, which is known for its traditional music.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Kichwa". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  2. ^ Ciucci, Luca & Pieter C. Muysken 2011. Hernando de Alcocer y la Breve declaración del Arte de la lengua del Ynga. El más antiguo manuscrito de quichua de Ecuador. Indiana 28: 359-393.
  3. ^ Manuela Picq. "Hip-hop Kichwa: Sounds of indigenous modernity". Al Jazeera English. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Ciucci, Luca & Pieter C. Muysken 2011. Hernando de Alcocer y la Breve declaración del Arte de la lengua del Ynga. El más antiguo manuscrito de quichua de Ecuador. Indiana 28: 359-393.

External links[edit]

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