VIDEOS 1 TO 50

Introduction to radians | Unit circle definition of trig functions | Trigonometry | Khan Academy

Published: 2012/11/19

Channel: Khan Academy

❤︎² Radians and Degrees (mathbff)

Published: 2014/07/02

Channel: mathbff

What are Radians? (Old Video)

Published: 2014/12/20

Channel: Don't Memorise

What are radians? Simply explained

Published: 2015/12/30

Channel: MrNystrom

Radian - Scary Objects (Official Audio)

Published: 2016/09/07

Channel: Thrill Jockey Records

What is a radian? (with audio)

Published: 2013/05/23

Channel: Jonathan Mitchell

Radian | On Dark Silent Off [2016, Full Album]

Published: 2017/03/02

Channel: BlackBeat

Radian - Transistor

Published: 2010/07/27

Channel: mindchanger

Rodriguez Jr. - Radian

Published: 2017/05/30

Channel: mobilee

Radian | Juxtaposition [2004, Full Album]

Published: 2017/01/03

Channel: BlackBeat

Le radian

Published: 2015/03/24

Channel: clipedia

Flite Test - Radian vs. Radian Pro - REVIEW

Published: 2012/01/25

Channel: FliteTest

What are Radians?

Published: 2015/06/15

Channel: Don't Memorise

Parkzone Radian RC plane unboxing, maiden flight with on board camera

Published: 2010/04/03

Channel: joehandsome99

Just what is a Radian! - Tutorial

Published: 2011/11/19

Channel: Sci Fi Animator

Radian maiden

Published: 2014/09/12

Channel: Andrew Newton

*Concepto de grado y radian

Published: 2010/08/14

Channel: math2me

Radian and degree conversion practice | Trigonometry | Khan Academy

Published: 2012/11/19

Channel: Khan Academy

UMX Radian | Flite Test

Published: 2014/06/23

Channel: FliteTest

Radian live at Akouphène 2014

Published: 2016/07/12

Channel: mojuvideo

Radian Measure

Published: 2009/03/29

Channel: AlRichards314

Degrees and Radians

Published: 2008/12/02

Channel: patrickJMT

Passer du radian au degré et réciproquement - Première

Published: 2015/01/08

Channel: Yvan Monka

Visual explanation of radians

Published: 2014/11/05

Channel: Otávio Kreling Zabaleta

Radian's New Model 1 AR and Dead Air’s Sandman-K - Gear Tasting 95

Published: 2017/06/29

Channel: ITS Tactical / Imminent Threat Solutions

TRIGONOMETRY IN HINDI : ANGLES DEGREES MINTUES SECONDS & RADIANS FOR SSC CGL & CHSL

Published: 2016/11/16

Channel: Dinesh Miglani Tutorials

Radian - Pickup Pickout (Official Audio)

Published: 2016/11/02

Channel: Thrill Jockey Records

Radián definición

Published: 2011/04/12

Channel: Laracos Math

Parkzone E-Flight RADIAN Modification & Tuning Clinic

Published: 2012/06/23

Channel: Paul Naton

Example: Converting radians to degrees | Trigonometry | Khan Academy

Published: 2015/07/13

Channel: Khan Academy

Degrees and Radians and Converting Between Them! Example 1

Published: 2010/11/08

Channel: patrickJMT

concepto de radian

Published: 2011/07/27

Channel: fisica46

radian : What is it? - ExamSolutions

Published: 2009/01/23

Channel: ExamSolutions

Convert Degree Minute Second (DMS) to Degree and Radians

Published: 2013/04/07

Channel: patienceishope

Brainwashed.com: The Eye - Radian

Published: 2013/06/08

Channel: Jon Whitney

Radian XL | Flite Test

Published: 2016/07/20

Channel: FliteTest

Relation between degree and radian-what is degree and radian in urdu and Hindi

Published: 2016/02/02

Channel: Noor Academy

E-flite Radian XL 2.6 Motor Glider Flight Review

Published: 2016/07/13

Channel: Motion RC

Introduction to Radian Measure

Published: 2014/10/28

Channel: Carole Del Vecchio

Converting radians and degrees

Published: 2013/06/25

Channel: Math Meeting

Radians and Degrees

Published: 2010/05/10

Channel: trigfun

Example: Converting degrees to radians | Trigonometry | Khan Academy

Published: 2015/07/13

Channel: Khan Academy

Concepto de grado y radian

Published: 2010/12/09

Channel: math2me

Le radian

Published: 2014/05/13

Channel: KhanAcademyFrancophone

TI-Nspire CX Radian, Degree, and Gradian Mode

Published: 2012/12/06

Channel: uakid94

AIR "Radian" HD

Published: 2012/01/30

Channel: luczamic

Core 2 - Radian Measures (1) - Brief introduction - Degrees and Radians

Published: 2013/08/23

Channel: ukmathsteacher

What is one radian - Definition- Relationship Between Radian and Degree

Published: 2012/04/29

Channel: IMA Videos

Définition du cercle trigonométrique et du radian

Published: 2015/07/13

Channel: SophieGuichard

how to convert from Radian to Degree using calculator

Published: 2015/10/21

Channel: Pace Academy Glb

Radian | |
---|---|

Unit system | SI derived unit |

Unit of | Angle |

Symbol | rad or ^{c} |

Unit conversions | |

1 rad in ... |
... is equal to ... |

milliradians | 1,000 milliradians |

turns | 1/2π turn |

degrees | 180/π ≈ 57.296° |

gons | 200/π ≈ 63.662^{g} |

The **radian** is the standard unit of angular measure, used in many areas of mathematics. The length of an arc of a unit circle is numerically equal to the measurement in radians of the angle that it subtends; one radian is just under 57.3 degrees (expansion at A072097). The unit was formerly an SI supplementary unit, but this category was abolished in 1995 and the radian is now considered an SI derived unit.^{[1]}

Separately, the SI unit of solid angle measurement is the steradian.

The radian is represented by the symbol **rad**.^{[2]} An alternative symbol is ^{c}, the superscript letter c (for "circular measure"), the letter r, or a superscript ^{R},^{[3]} but these symbols are infrequently used as it can be easily mistaken for a degree symbol (°) or a radius (r). So, for example, a value of 1.2 radians could be written as 1.2 rad, 1.2 r, 1.2^{rad}, or 1.2^{c}, or 1.2^{R}.

Radian describes the plane angle subtended by a circular arc as the length of the arc divided by the radius of the arc. One radian is the angle subtended at the center of a circle by an arc that is equal in length to the radius of the circle. More generally, the magnitude in radians of such a subtended angle is equal to the ratio of the arc length to the radius of the circle; that is, *θ* = *s* / *r*, where *θ* is the subtended angle in radians, *s* is arc length, and *r* is radius. Conversely, the length of the enclosed arc is equal to the radius multiplied by the magnitude of the angle in radians; that is, *s* = *rθ*.

As the ratio of two lengths, the radian is a "pure number" that needs no unit symbol, and in mathematical writing the symbol "rad" is almost always omitted. When quantifying an angle in the absence of any symbol, radians are assumed, and when degrees are meant the symbol ° is used.

It follows that the magnitude in radians of one complete revolution (360 degrees) is the length of the entire circumference divided by the radius, or 2π*r* / *r*, or 2π. Thus 2π radians is equal to 360 degrees, meaning that one radian is equal to 180/π degrees.

The relation can be derived using the formula for arc length. Taking the formula for arc length, or . Assuming a unit circle; the radius is therefore one. Knowing that the definition of radian is the measure of an angle that subtends an arc of a length equal to the radius of the circle, we know that . This can be further simplified to . Multiplying both sides by gives .

The concept of radian measure, as opposed to the degree of an angle, is normally credited to Roger Cotes in 1714.^{[4]}^{[5]} He described the radian in everything but name, and he recognized its naturalness as a unit of angular measure. The idea of measuring angles by the length of the arc was already in use by other mathematicians. For example, al-Kashi (c. 1400) used so-called *diameter parts* as units where one diameter part was 1/60 radian and they also used sexagesimal subunits of the diameter part.^{[6]}

The term *radian* first appeared in print on 5 June 1873, in examination questions set by James Thomson (brother of Lord Kelvin) at Queen's College, Belfast. He had used the term as early as 1871, while in 1869, Thomas Muir, then of the University of St Andrews, vacillated between the terms *rad*, *radial*, and *radian*. In 1874, after a consultation with James Thomson, Muir adopted *radian*.^{[7]}^{[8]}^{[9]}

Turns | Radians | Degrees | Gradians (Gons) |
---|---|---|---|

0 | 0 | 0° | 0^{g} |

1/24 | π/12 | 15° | 16 2/3^{g} |

1/12 | π/6 | 30° | 33 1/3^{g} |

1/10 | π/5 | 36° | 40^{g} |

1/8 | π/4 | 45° | 50^{g} |

1/2π | 1 | c. 57.3° | c. 63.7^{g} |

1/6 | π/3 | 60° | 66 2/3^{g} |

1/5 | 2π/5 | 72° | 80^{g} |

1/4 | π/2 | 90° | 100^{g} |

1/3 | 2π/3 | 120° | 133 1/3^{g} |

2/5 | 4π/5 | 144° | 160^{g} |

1/2 | π | 180° | 200^{g} |

3/4 | 3π/2 | 270° | 300^{g} |

1 | 2π | 360° | 400^{g} |

As stated, one radian is equal to 180/π degrees. Thus, to convert from radians to degrees, multiply by 180/π.

For example:

Conversely, to convert from degrees to radians, multiply by π/180.

For example:

Radians can be converted to turns (complete revolutions) by dividing the number of radians by 2π.

The length of circumference of a circle is given by , where is the radius of the circle.

So the following equivalent relation is true:

[Since a sweep is needed to draw a full circle]

By the definition of radian, a full circle represents:

Combining both the above relations:

radians equals one turn, which is by definition 400 gradians (400 gons or 400^{g}). So, to convert from radians to gradians multiply by , and to convert from gradians to radians multiply by . For example,

In calculus and most other branches of mathematics beyond practical geometry, angles are universally measured in radians. This is because radians have a mathematical "naturalness" that leads to a more elegant formulation of a number of important results.

Most notably, results in analysis involving trigonometric functions are simple and elegant when the functions' arguments are expressed in radians. For example, the use of radians leads to the simple limit formula

which is the basis of many other identities in mathematics, including

Because of these and other properties, the trigonometric functions appear in solutions to mathematical problems that are not obviously related to the functions' geometrical meanings (for example, the solutions to the differential equation , the evaluation of the integral , and so on). In all such cases it is found that the arguments to the functions are most naturally written in the form that corresponds, in geometrical contexts, to the radian measurement of angles.

The trigonometric functions also have simple and elegant series expansions when radians are used; for example, the following Taylor series for sin *x* :

If *x* were expressed in degrees then the series would contain messy factors involving powers of π/180: if *x* is the number of degrees, the number of radians is *y* = π*x* / 180, so

Mathematically important relationships between the sine and cosine functions and the exponential function (see, for example, Euler's formula) are, again, elegant when the functions' arguments are in radians and messy otherwise.

Although the radian is a unit of measure, it is a dimensionless quantity. This can be seen from the definition given earlier: the angle subtended at the centre of a circle, measured in radians, is equal to the ratio of the length of the enclosed arc to the length of the circle's radius. Since the units of measurement cancel, this ratio is dimensionless.

Although polar and spherical coordinates use radians to describe coordinates in two and three dimensions, the unit is derived from the radius coordinate, so the angle measure is still dimensionless.^{[10]}

The radian is widely used in physics when angular measurements are required. For example, angular velocity is typically measured in radians per second (rad/s). One revolution per second is equal to 2π radians per second.

Similarly, angular acceleration is often measured in radians per second per second (rad/s^{2}).

For the purpose of dimensional analysis, the units of angular velocity and angular acceleration are s^{−1} and s^{−2} respectively.

Likewise, the phase difference of two waves can also be measured in radians. For example, if the phase difference of two waves is (*k*⋅2π) radians, where *k* is an integer, they are considered in phase, whilst if the phase difference of two waves is (*k*⋅2π + π), where *k* is an integer, they are considered in antiphase.

Metric prefixes have limited use with radians, and none in mathematics. A milliradian (mrad) is a thousandth of a radian and a microradian (μrad) is a millionth of a radian, i.e. 10^{3} mrad = 10^{6} μrad = 1 rad.

There are 2π × 1000 milliradians (≈ 6283.185 mrad) in a circle. So a trigonometric milliradian is just under 1/6283 of a circle. This “real” trigonometric unit of angular measurement of a circle is in use by telescopic sight manufacturers using (stadiametric) rangefinding in reticles. The divergence of laser beams is also usually measured in milliradians.

An approximation of the trigonometric milliradian (0.001 rad) is used by NATO and other military organizations in gunnery and targeting. Each angular mil represents 1/6400 of a circle and is 15/8% or 1.875% smaller than the trigonometric milliradian. For the small angles typically found in targeting work, the convenience of using the number 6400 in calculation outweighs the small mathematical errors it introduces. In the past, other gunnery systems have used different approximations to 1/2000π; for example Sweden used the 1/6300 *streck* and the USSR used 1/6000. Being based on the milliradian, the NATO mil subtends roughly 1 m at a range of 1000 m (at such small angles, the curvature is negligible).

Smaller units like microradians (μrad) and nanoradians (nrad) are used in astronomy, and can also be used to measure the beam quality of lasers with ultra-low divergence. More common is arc second, which is π/648,000 rad (around 4.8481 microradians). Similarly, the prefixes smaller than milli- are potentially useful in measuring extremely small angles.

- Angular frequency
- Milliradian
- Gradian (also known as gon)
- Harmonic analysis
- Steradian – the "square radian"
- Trigonometry

**^**"Resolution 8 of the CGPM at its 20th Meeting (1995)". Bureau International des Poids et Mesures. Retrieved 2014-09-23.**^**Unicode-encoded as U+33AD ㎭ for compatibility with legacy encodings**^**Hall, Arthur Graham; Frink, Fred Goodrich (January 1909). "Chapter VII. The General Angle [55] Signs and Limitations in Value. Exercise XV.". Written at Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.*Trigonometry*. Part I: Plane Trigonometry. New York, USA: Henry Holt and Company / Norwood Press / J. S. Cushing Co. - Berwick & Smith Co., Norwood, Massachusetts, USA. p. 73. Retrieved 2017-08-12.**^**O'Connor, J. J.; Robertson, E. F. (February 2005). "Biography of Roger Cotes".*The MacTutor History of Mathematics*.**^**Roger Cotes died in 1716. By 1722, his cousin Robert Smith had collected and published Cotes' mathematical writings in a book,*Harmonia mensurarum*… . In a chapter of editorial comments by Smith, he gives, for the first time, the value of one radian in degrees. See: Roger Cotes with Robert Smith, ed.,*Harmonia mensurarum*… (Cambridge, England: 1722), chapter: Editoris notæ ad Harmoniam mensurarum, top of page 95. From page 95: After stating that 180° corresponds to a length of π (3.14159…) along a unit circle (i.e., π radians), Smith writes:*"Unde Modulus Canonis Trigonometrici prodibit 57.2957795130 &c. "*(Whence the unit of trigonometric measure, 57.2957795130… [degrees per radian], will appear.)**^**Luckey, Paul (1953) [Translation of 1424 book]. Siggel, A., ed.*Der Lehrbrief über den kreisumfang von Gamshid b. Mas'ud al-Kasi*[*Treatise on the Circumference of al-Kashi*]. Berlin: Akademie Verlag. p. 40.**^**Cajori, Florian (1929).*History of Mathematical Notations*.**2**. pp. 147–148. ISBN 0-486-67766-4.**^**Muir, Thos. (1910). "The Term "Radian" in Trigonometry".*Nature*.**83**(2110): 156. Bibcode:1910Natur..83..156M. doi:10.1038/083156a0.Thomson, James (1910). "The Term "Radian" in Trigonometry".*Nature*.**83**(2112): 217. Bibcode:1910Natur..83..217T. doi:10.1038/083217c0.Muir, Thos. (1910). "The Term "Radian" in Trigonometry".*Nature*.**83**(2120): 459–460. Bibcode:1910Natur..83..459M. doi:10.1038/083459d0.**^**Miller, Jeff (Nov 23, 2009). "Earliest Known Uses of Some of the Words of Mathematics". Retrieved Sep 30, 2011.**^**For a debate on this meaning and use see: Brownstein, K. R. (1997). "Angles—Let's treat them squarely".*American Journal of Physics*.**65**(7): 605. Bibcode:1997AmJPh..65..605B. doi:10.1119/1.18616., Romain, J.E. (1962). "Angles as a fourth fundamental quantity" (PDF).*Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards Section B*.**66B**(3): 97., LéVy-Leblond, Jean-Marc (1998). "Dimensional angles and universal constants".*American Journal of Physics*.**66**(9): 814. Bibcode:1998AmJPh..66..814L. doi:10.1119/1.18964., and Romer, Robert H. (1999). "Units—SI-Only, or Multicultural Diversity?".*American Journal of Physics*.**67**: 13. Bibcode:1999AmJPh..67...13R. doi:10.1119/1.19185.

Wikibooks has a book on the topic of: Trigonometry/Radian and degree measures |

Look up in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.radian |

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license