Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
Know more about chariots - Puri Rath Yatra Live 2017
Know more about chariots - Puri Rath Yatra Live 2017
Published: 2017/06/25
Channel: otvodisha
Ratha Yatra 2013 - Puri - Video Report - HD
Ratha Yatra 2013 - Puri - Video Report - HD
Published: 2013/07/12
Channel: OdishaLive
Puri Rath Yatra 2017 LIVE Part 1 | Jagannath Ratha Yatra - ଶ୍ରୀକ୍ଷେତ୍ର ପୁରୀରୁ ରଥଯାତ୍ରା ସିଧା ପ୍ରସାରଣ
Puri Rath Yatra 2017 LIVE Part 1 | Jagannath Ratha Yatra - ଶ୍ରୀକ୍ଷେତ୍ର ପୁରୀରୁ ରଥଯାତ୍ରା ସିଧା ପ୍ରସାରଣ
Published: 2017/06/26
Channel: otvodisha
Chariot Pulling | Puri Rath Yatra 2017 - Lord Jagannath, Balabhadra, Devi Subhadra Rath Pulling
Chariot Pulling | Puri Rath Yatra 2017 - Lord Jagannath, Balabhadra, Devi Subhadra Rath Pulling
Published: 2017/06/25
Channel: otvodisha
Ratha Yatra -- The Chariot Festival at Jagannath Puri, Orissa, India.
Ratha Yatra -- The Chariot Festival at Jagannath Puri, Orissa, India.
Published: 2015/06/20
Channel: Mahamantra yoga
Lord Puri Jagannath Rath Yatra 2016 In Orissa | Studio N
Lord Puri Jagannath Rath Yatra 2016 In Orissa | Studio N
Published: 2016/07/06
Channel: Studio N News
Puri Rath Yatra 2017 LIVE Part 2 | Jagannath Ratha Yatra - ଶ୍ରୀକ୍ଷେତ୍ର ପୁରୀରୁ ରଥଯାତ୍ରା ସିଧା ପ୍ରସାରଣ
Puri Rath Yatra 2017 LIVE Part 2 | Jagannath Ratha Yatra - ଶ୍ରୀକ୍ଷେତ୍ର ପୁରୀରୁ ରଥଯାତ୍ରା ସିଧା ପ୍ରସାରଣ
Published: 2017/06/25
Channel: otvodisha
Puri Ratha Yatra 2015 - Part2
Puri Ratha Yatra 2015 - Part2
Published: 2015/07/18
Channel: Nabakalebara Official
Puri Jagannath Ratha Yatra 2017 | ABN Telugu
Puri Jagannath Ratha Yatra 2017 | ABN Telugu
Published: 2017/06/25
Channel: ABN Telugu
जगन्नाथपुरी रथयात्रा Jagannath Puri Rath Yatra 2017 History, Latest popular video || Mimedia ||
जगन्नाथपुरी रथयात्रा Jagannath Puri Rath Yatra 2017 History, Latest popular video || Mimedia ||
Published: 2015/05/21
Channel: MiMedia Devotional Story & Songs
Puri Rath Yatra with Radhanath Swami
Puri Rath Yatra with Radhanath Swami
Published: 2014/06/14
Channel: Radhanath .Swami
Shree Jagannath Pahandi - Puri Rath Yatra Live 2017
Shree Jagannath Pahandi - Puri Rath Yatra Live 2017
Published: 2017/06/25
Channel: otvodisha
Rare Video of Puri Jagannatha Ratha Yatra in 1928
Rare Video of Puri Jagannatha Ratha Yatra in 1928
Published: 2015/05/25
Channel: IndiaDivine
NABAKALEBARA 2015 RATH YATRA THE CHARIOT FESTIVAL OF PURI.
NABAKALEBARA 2015 RATH YATRA THE CHARIOT FESTIVAL OF PURI.
Published: 2015/10/19
Channel: Scepko Miroslav
PURI RATHA YATRA  1928/୧୯୨୮ ରେ ରଥ ଯାତ୍ରା
PURI RATHA YATRA 1928/୧୯୨୮ ରେ ରଥ ଯାତ୍ରା
Published: 2017/04/26
Channel: Eita Odisha
Bahuda Yatra LIVE from Puri | Jagannath Ratha Jatra - ଶ୍ରୀକ୍ଷେତ୍ର ପୁରୀରୁ ସିଧା ପ୍ରସାରଣ
Bahuda Yatra LIVE from Puri | Jagannath Ratha Jatra - ଶ୍ରୀକ୍ଷେତ୍ର ପୁରୀରୁ ସିଧା ପ୍ରସାରଣ
Published: 2017/07/11
Channel: otvodisha
Annual Car Festival of Lord Jagannath - LIVE from Puri
Annual Car Festival of Lord Jagannath - LIVE from Puri
Published: 2016/07/06
Channel: DoordarshanNational
Lord Jagannath Niladri Bije | Goti Pahandi - Puri Rath Yatra 2017
Lord Jagannath Niladri Bije | Goti Pahandi - Puri Rath Yatra 2017
Published: 2017/07/06
Channel: otvodisha
Lord Jagannath Pahandi - Puri Bahuda Yatra 2017
Lord Jagannath Pahandi - Puri Bahuda Yatra 2017
Published: 2017/07/03
Channel: otvodisha
Rath Yatra Puri Live 2017 | Rath Yatra
Rath Yatra Puri Live 2017 | Rath Yatra
Published: 2017/06/25
Channel: Best odisha
Legends of Jagannath Puri episode1 The Jagannath Rath Yatra
Legends of Jagannath Puri episode1 The Jagannath Rath Yatra
Published: 2017/01/16
Channel: Planet ISKCON
Ratha Yatra Live From Puri - 2017 - ରଥଯାତ୍ରା ସିଧା ପ୍ରସାରଣ ଶ୍ରୀକ୍ଷେତ୍ର ପୁରୀରୁ
Ratha Yatra Live From Puri - 2017 - ରଥଯାତ୍ରା ସିଧା ପ୍ରସାରଣ ଶ୍ରୀକ୍ଷେତ୍ର ପୁରୀରୁ
Published: 2017/06/25
Channel: EnewsOdia
Ratha Yatra Live From Puri - 2017 - ରଥଯାତ୍ରା ସିଧା ପ୍ରସାରଣ ଶ୍ରୀକ୍ଷେତ୍ର ପୁରୀରୁ
Ratha Yatra Live From Puri - 2017 - ରଥଯାତ୍ରା ସିଧା ପ୍ରସାରଣ ଶ୍ରୀକ୍ଷେତ୍ର ପୁରୀରୁ
Published: 2017/06/25
Channel: EnewsOdia
Rath Yatra in Jagannath Puri - 9 July 1937
Rath Yatra in Jagannath Puri - 9 July 1937
Published: 2016/07/03
Channel: Bhuj Mandir
Rain and ritual delay affects Nabajouban darshan in Puri - PURI RATHA YATRA 2017
Rain and ritual delay affects Nabajouban darshan in Puri - PURI RATHA YATRA 2017
Published: 2017/06/24
Channel: otvodisha
Devotees throng Puri for Nabajouban darshan -PURI RATHA YATRA 2017
Devotees throng Puri for Nabajouban darshan -PURI RATHA YATRA 2017
Published: 2017/06/24
Channel: otvodisha
Jagannath Rath Yatra 2017 - LIVE from Puri | ଶ୍ରୀକ୍ଷେତ୍ର ପୁରୀରୁ ଶ୍ରୀଗୁଣ୍ଡିଚା ଯାତ୍ରାର ସିଧା ପ୍ରସାରଣ
Jagannath Rath Yatra 2017 - LIVE from Puri | ଶ୍ରୀକ୍ଷେତ୍ର ପୁରୀରୁ ଶ୍ରୀଗୁଣ୍ଡିଚା ଯାତ୍ରାର ସିଧା ପ୍ରସାରଣ
Published: 2017/06/25
Channel: OdishaLive
Ratha Pratistha - Puri Rath Yatra Live 2017
Ratha Pratistha - Puri Rath Yatra Live 2017
Published: 2017/06/25
Channel: otvodisha
Lord Jagannath
Lord Jagannath's Rath Yatra Mangal Aarti [ LIVE ]
Published: 2013/07/10
Channel: janoduniya
Shree Balabhadra Pahandi - Puri Rath Yatra Live 2017
Shree Balabhadra Pahandi - Puri Rath Yatra Live 2017
Published: 2017/06/25
Channel: otvodisha
Suna Besha 2017 Part 1 Live from Puri | Lord Jagannath Rath Yatra - ଶ୍ରୀକ୍ଷେତ୍ର ପୁରୀରୁ ସିଧା ପ୍ରସାରଣ
Suna Besha 2017 Part 1 Live from Puri | Lord Jagannath Rath Yatra - ଶ୍ରୀକ୍ଷେତ୍ର ପୁରୀରୁ ସିଧା ପ୍ରସାରଣ
Published: 2017/07/04
Channel: otvodisha
Rath Yatra 2017 - LIVE from Puri (India) | ସୁନାବେଶ  - ସିଧା ପ୍ରସାରଣ
Rath Yatra 2017 - LIVE from Puri (India) | ସୁନାବେଶ - ସିଧା ପ୍ରସାରଣ
Published: 2017/07/04
Channel: OdishaLive
Goddess Subhadra Ratha Pulling to Gundicha Temple - Puri Rath Yatra 2017 Live
Goddess Subhadra Ratha Pulling to Gundicha Temple - Puri Rath Yatra 2017 Live
Published: 2017/06/25
Channel: otvodisha
Chariots Pulling End in Bahuda - Puri Rath Yatra 2017
Chariots Pulling End in Bahuda - Puri Rath Yatra 2017
Published: 2017/07/03
Channel: otvodisha
Sri Jaganatha Rath Making-Yatra,Puri Dham
Sri Jaganatha Rath Making-Yatra,Puri Dham
Published: 2014/06/16
Channel: sandy san
Rathayatra Live, PURI, Orissa.mp4
Rathayatra Live, PURI, Orissa.mp4
Published: 2011/07/14
Channel: viewRajeshPatel
Lord Jagannath on Snana Mandap - Puri Rath Yatra 2017
Lord Jagannath on Snana Mandap - Puri Rath Yatra 2017
Published: 2017/06/09
Channel: otvodisha
Chariots in Puri will turn to South today - Rath Yatra 2017
Chariots in Puri will turn to South today - Rath Yatra 2017
Published: 2017/06/30
Channel: otvodisha
Ratha yatra puri - 1912 rare video. Jai jagannath.
Ratha yatra puri - 1912 rare video. Jai jagannath.
Published: 2017/06/25
Channel: Amazing videos
Laxmi Narayan Meet in Puri - Puri Rath Yatra 2017
Laxmi Narayan Meet in Puri - Puri Rath Yatra 2017
Published: 2017/07/03
Channel: otvodisha
Rath Yatra 2017 - Bahuda Yatra LIVE from Puri (India) | ବାହୁଡ଼ା ଯାତ୍ରାର ସିଧାପ୍ରସାରଣ
Rath Yatra 2017 - Bahuda Yatra LIVE from Puri (India) | ବାହୁଡ଼ା ଯାତ୍ରାର ସିଧାପ୍ରସାରଣ
Published: 2017/07/03
Channel: OdishaLive
Adhara Pana Ritual of Lord Jagannath - Puri Ratha Yatra 2017
Adhara Pana Ritual of Lord Jagannath - Puri Ratha Yatra 2017
Published: 2017/07/05
Channel: otvodisha
Jagannath Puri Rath Yatra Hindi Documentary Video जगन्नाथ
Jagannath Puri Rath Yatra Hindi Documentary Video जगन्नाथ
Published: 2015/11/22
Channel: Hindi Documentary Videos
PURI RATH YATRA
PURI RATH YATRA
Published: 2014/06/29
Channel: otvodisha
जगन्नाथ पुरी रथ यात्रा का इतिहास और इससे जुड़े कुछ अनसुने रहस्य Jagannath Puri Rath Yatra Hindi
जगन्नाथ पुरी रथ यात्रा का इतिहास और इससे जुड़े कुछ अनसुने रहस्य Jagannath Puri Rath Yatra Hindi
Published: 2017/06/25
Channel: Gyan Manthan
Chariots of Trinity making their way towards Srimandir - Puri Rath Yatra 2017
Chariots of Trinity making their way towards Srimandir - Puri Rath Yatra 2017
Published: 2017/07/03
Channel: otvodisha
Hera Panchami celebrated at Gundicha temple - Puri Rath Yatra 2017
Hera Panchami celebrated at Gundicha temple - Puri Rath Yatra 2017
Published: 2017/06/30
Channel: otvodisha
जगन्नाथ पूरी मंदिर रथ यात्रा की कहानी | Story of Jagannath Puri Temple Rath Yatra
जगन्नाथ पूरी मंदिर रथ यात्रा की कहानी | Story of Jagannath Puri Temple Rath Yatra
Published: 2017/05/13
Channel: Hindu Rituals - हिन्दू रीति रिवाज
Rath Yatra Hera Panchami festival today - PURI RATHA YATRA 2017
Rath Yatra Hera Panchami festival today - PURI RATHA YATRA 2017
Published: 2017/06/29
Channel: otvodisha
Suna Besha of Trinity today; admninistration prepared - Puri Rath Yatra 2017
Suna Besha of Trinity today; admninistration prepared - Puri Rath Yatra 2017
Published: 2017/07/04
Channel: otvodisha
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Ratha-Yatra (Puri))
Jump to: navigation, search
Rathayatra of Puri
Rath Yatra Puri 2007 11028.jpg
Puri Rathayatra, 2007
Place Puri, Odisha, India

Ratha Yatra or Ratha Jatra or Chariot Festival is a Hindu festival associated with Lord Jagannath held at Puri in the state of Odisha, India. It is the oldest Ratha Yatra taking place in India and the World, whose descriptions can be found in Brahma Purana, Padma Purana, and Skanda Purana and Kapila Samhita.[1]

This annual festival is celebrated on Ashadha Shukla Paksha Dwitiya (second day in bright fortnight of Ashadha month.

The festival commemorates Jagannath's annual visit to Gundicha Temple via Mausi Maa Temple (aunt's home) near Balagandi Chaka, Puri.

As part of Ratha Yatra, the deities of Jagannath, his elder brother Balabhadra and younger sister Subhadra are taken out in a procession to Gundicha Temple and remain there for nine days.They are also accompanied by Sudarshana chakra. Then the deities or Ratha Yatra return to the Main temple. The return journey of Puri Jagannath Ratha Jatra is known as Bahuda Jatra.

Three richly decorated chariots, resembling temple structures, are pulled through the streets of Puri called Badadanda. This commemorates the annual journey of Lord Jagannath, Lord Balabhadra, and their sister Subhadra to their aunt's temple, the Gundicha Temple which is situated at a distance of 2 km from their temple. This is the only day when devotees who are not allowed in the temple premises, such as non-Hindus and foreigners, can get their glimpse of the deities. During the festival, devotees from all over the world go to Puri with an earnest desire to help pulling the Lords' chariots with the help of other priests pulling the chariots with ropes. They consider this auspicious deed and risk their lives in the huge crowd. The huge processions accompanying the chariots play devotional songs with drums, tambourines, trumpets etc. Children line the streets through which the chariot will pass and add to the mass chorus. The Ratha carts themselves are some approximately 45 feet (14 m) high and are pulled by the thousands of pilgrims who turn up for the event; the chariots are built anew each year only from a particular type of tree. Millions of devotees congregate at Puri for this annual event from all over the country and abroad. It is also broadcast live on many Indian, foreign television channels as well as many of the websites telecast jagannath ratha yatra live.[2]

Description[edit]

The "Bada Danda" or the Grand Avenue

Ratha Jatra, the Festival of Chariot: Chariots of Shri Jagannath is celebrated every year at Puri, the temple town in Odisha, on the second (dwitiya) day of shukla pakshya (waxing cycle of moon) of Ashadh Maas (3rd month in Lunar Calendar). The presiding deities of the Jagannath Temple, Puri's main temple, Lord Jagannath, Lord Balabhadra and Goddess Subhadra, with the celestial wheel (Sudarshana Chakra/ସୁଦର୍ଶନ ଚକ୍ର ) are removed from the temple in a ceremonial procession to their chariots. The huge, colourfully decorated chariots are drawn by multitude of devotees on the bada danda, the grand avenue to the Gundicha Temple (Gundicha – King Indradyumna's Queen), two miles away to the North. On the way the chariot of Lord Jagannatha, Nandighosa (ନନ୍ଦିଘୋଷ) waits near the crematorium of Bhakta Salabega (ଭକ୍ତ ସାଲବେଗ) a Muslim devout to pay him tribute.

On their way back from the Gundicha Temple, the three deities stop for a while near the Mausi Maa Temple (Aunt's abode) and have an offering of the Poda Pitha, which is a special type of pancake supposed to be the Lord's favourite. After a stay for seven days, the deities return to their abode.

Rath/chariots under construction for the Rath Yatra in Puri
Jagannath being brought out of the Puri temple to the Rath
Jagannath on his chariot

The Chariots[edit]

The three chariots of Balabhadra, Subhadra and Jagannatha are newly constructed every year with wood of specified trees like phassi, dhausa, etc. They are customarily brought from the ex-princely state of Dasapalla by a specialist team of carpenters who have hereditary rights and privileges for the same. The logs are traditionally set afloat as rafts in the river Mahanadi. These are collected near Puri and then transported by road.

The three chariots are decorated as per the unique scheme prescribed and followed for centuries stand on the Bada Danda, the Grand Avenue. Covered with bright canopies made of stripes of red cloth and combined with those of black, yellow and blue colours, the huge chariots are lined across the wide avenue in front of the majestic temple close to its eastern entrance, which is also known as the Sinhadwara or the Lion's Gate.

Lord Jagannatha's chariot is called Nandighosa. It is forty-five feet high and forty-five feet square at the wheel level. It has sixteen wheels, each of seven-foot diameter, and is decked with a cover made of red and yellow cloth. Lord Jagannatha is identified with Krushna, who is also known as Pitambara, the one attired in golden yellow robes and hence the distinguishing yellow stripes on the canopy of this chariot.

Lord jagannath riding his chariot.jpg
Nandighosa Rath

The chariot of Lord Balarama, called the Taladhwaja, is the one with the Palm Tree on its flag. It has fourteen wheels, each of seven-foot diameter and is covered with red and blue cloth. Its height is forty-four feet.

Taladhwaj balaram.jpg
Taladhwaja Rath

The chariot of Subhadra, known as Dwarpadalana, literally "trampler of pride," is forty-three feet high with twelve wheels, each of seven-foot diameter. This chariot is decked with a covering of red and black cloth – black being traditionally associated with Shakti and the Mother Goddess.

Lady subhadra on her rath.jpg
Dwarpadalana or Padmadhwaja Rath

Around each of the chariots are nine Parsva devatas, painted wooden images representing different deities on the chariots' sides. Each of the chariots is attached to four horses. These are of different colours – dark ones for Balarama, white ones for Jagannatha, and red ones for Subhadra. Each chariot has a charioteer called Sarathi. The three charioteers attached to the chariots of Jagannatha, Balarama and Subhadra respectively are Daruka, Matali and Arjuna.

Descriptions of the Chariots

Nandighosha (ନନ୍ଦିଘୋଷ)[edit]

The chariot of Lord Jagannath is named as Nandighosha or Garudadhwaja or Kapiladhwaja. The Lord is accompanied by Madanmohan.

Number of wheels: 16
Total Number of wooden pieces used: 832
Height: 44' 2"
Length and breadth: 34'6" x 34'6"
Wrappings: Red, Yellow colour cloths
Guarded by: Garuda(ଗରୁଡ)
Name of the charioteer: Daruka
The flag: Trailokyamohini(ତ୍ରୈଲୋକ୍ୟମୋହିନୀ)
The horses: Shankha, Balahaka[disambiguation needed], Suweta, Haridashwa
The rope: Sankhachuda Naguni
Presiding Nine Deities: (i) Varaha(ବରାହ)
                        (ii) Gobardhan(ଗୋବର୍ଦ୍ଧନ)
                        (iii) Krishna, Gopi Krishna
                        (iv) Nrusingha(ନୃସିଂହ)
                        (v) Rama
                        (vi) Narayan
                        (Vii) Trivikrama(ତ୍ରିବିକ୍ରମ)
                        (viii) Hanuman
                        (ix) Rudra
riding the chariot

Taladhwaja (ତାଳଧ୍ୱଜ)[edit]

The Chariot of Balabhadra named as Taladhwaja or Langaladhwaja. The Lord is accompanied by Ramakrishna.

Number of wheels: 14
Total Number of wooden pieces used: 763
Height: 43' 3"
Length and breadth: 33' x 33'
Wrappings: Red, Bluish green colour cloths
Guarded by: Basudev
Name of the charioteer: Matali
The flag: Unnani
The horses: Tribra(ତ୍ରୀବ୍ର), Ghora(ଘୋର), Dirghasharma(ଦିର୍ଘଶର୍ମା), Swornanava(ସ୍ଵର୍ଣ୍ଣନାଭ)
The rope: Basuki Naga
Presiding Nine Deities: (i) Ganesh(ଗଣେଶ)
                        (ii) Kartikeya(କାର୍ତ୍ତିକେୟ)
                        (iii) Sarvamangala(ସର୍ବମଙ୍ଗଳା)
                        (iv) Pralambari(ପ୍ରଳମ୍ବରୀ)
                        (v) Halayudha(ହଟାୟୁଧ)
                        (vi) Mrityunjaya(ମୃତ୍ୟୁଞ୍ଜୟ)
                        (vii) Natamvara(ନତାମ୍ବର)
                        (viii) Mukteswar(ମୁକ୍ତେଶ୍ଵର)
                        (ix) Sheshadeva(ଶେଷାଦେବ)

Devadalana(ଦେବଦଳନ)/Darpadalana(ଦର୍ପଦଳନ )[edit]

The chariot of Subhadra named as Darpadalana or Devadalana or Padmadhwaja(ପଦ୍ମଧ୍ଵଜ). The Goddess is accompanied by Sudarshana(ସୁଦର୍ଶନ).(ମନୋଜ)

Number of wheels: 12
Total Number of wooden pieces used: 593
Height: 42' 3"
Length and breadth: 31'6" x 31'6"
Wrappings: Red, Black colour cloths
Guarded by: Jayadurga
Name of the charioteer: Arjuna
The flag: Nadambika
The horses: Rochika(ରୋଚିକା), Mochika(ମୋଚିକା), Jita(ଜିତା), Aparajita(ଅପରାଜିତା)
The rope: Swarnachuda Naguni
Presiding Nine Deities: (i) Chandi(ଚଣ୍ଡି)
                        (ii) Chamunda(ଚାମୁଣ୍ଡା )
                        (iii) Ugratara(ଉଗ୍ରତର)
                        (iv) Banadurga(ବନଦୁର୍ଗା )
                        (v) Shulidurga
                        (vi) Varahi(ବରାହୀ)
                        (vii) Shyamakali
                        (viii) Mangala
                        (ix) Vimala

Ratha Yatra Car Info

Chandan Jatra(ଚନ୍ଦନ ଯାତ୍ରା)[edit]

The Kings palace in Puri

The construction of the chariots starts on Akshaya Trutiya, the third day of the bright fortnight of Vaisakha, with ritual fire worship. This takes place in front of the palace of the King of Puri and opposite the main office of the Puri temple. On this day, the new agricultural season starts and farmers start ploughing their fields. This day also marks the beginning of the summer festival of the deities, also known as the sandalwood festival or Chandan Yatra, which lasts for three weeks. In this festival, the representative images of the presiding deities are taken out in colourful processions and given a ceremonial boat ride in the Narendra pokhari/tank(ନରେନ୍ଦ୍ର ପୋଖରୀ) every day. In an interesting demonstration of the assimilative character of the Jagannatha cult, Madanmohana(ମଦନମୋହନ) and Rama Krushna, representing Jagannatha & Balarama partake in the festival with the representatives' images of the presiding deities of five main Shiva temples of Puri. These are curiously known as Pancha Pandava(ପାଞ୍ଚ ପାଣ୍ଡବ), the five brothers of the Mahabharata story. Later the deities have a ritual bath in a small temple in the middle of the tank, in stone tubs filled with water, sandalwood paste, scents and flowers.

The chariots under construction

This sandalwood festival culminates in the Snana Yatra(ସ୍ନାନ ଯାତ୍ରା ), the Bathing Festival on the full moon day of the month of Jestha. On this day, the presiding deities descend from their seats on an elevated platform in the sanctum sanctorum, the bejewelled throne. They are bathed in 108 pots of water brought from the suna kua, the golden well and assume the elephant form on the special bathing platform, close to the Eastern boundary wall of the temple. From that day the deities remain in symbolic and ritual convalescence for about two weeks. They are barred from view of the ordinary devotees. Only three special patta chitras, traditional Oriya paintings of natural colours on cloth stiffened with starch, known as Anasara Pattis, are strung on a bamboo screen hiding the deities from public view, can be seen by the public. During this period, the deities are given only roots, leaves, berries and fruits to cure them from their indisposition. This ritual is a reminder of the strong tribal elements in the genesis and evolution of the Jagannatha cult. The progeny of Lalita, daughter of the original tribal worshipper Biswabasu, chieftain of hunters, and the Brahmin priest Vidyapati, are known as daitapatis or daitas. They have almost exclusive privilege of serving the Lord during the convalescence and through the entire period of Ratha Jatra or the Festival of Chariots.

Suna Besha(ସୁନା ବେଶ)[edit]

The Suna Besha of Jagannath

After the chariots of the deities return to the main temple from the Gundicha temple, the deities are attired in gold ornaments and worshipped on the chariots. This celebration is known as Suna Besha. Tradition maintains that this event was first started by King Kapilendra Deb in 1460, when after returning victorious from war he donated gold to Jagannath.[3] The deities are adorned with gold jewelleries weighing nearly 208 kg. In 2014 nearly nine hundred thousand devotees witnessed this event held on 9 July[4]

The Ratha Yatra and Pahandi of 2015[edit]

Lakhs of devotees thronged the coastal town of Puri to catch the glimpse of deities re-embodied after 19 years on chariots on the occasion of Rath Yatra, marking largest-ever religious congregation in Odisha.

International Ratha Yatra[edit]

Rath Yatra Festival in New York
Rath Yatra Festival in Toronto

The Ratha Yatra festival has become a common sight in most major cities of the world since 1968 through the ISKCON Hare Krishna movement. By the mercy of Lord Jagannath and Caitanya Mahāprabhu, His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada successfully transplanted the festival which now happens on an annual basis in places all over the world in over 108 cities including; Moscow, New York, Houston, London, Rome, Zürich, Kolkata, Mumbai, Karachi, Berlin, Heidelberg, Cologne, Florence, Wroclaw, Sydney, Perth, Kampala, Nairobi, Mombasa, Kisumu, Mexico City, Dublin, Belfast, Manchester, Birmingham, Alchevsk, Buenos Aires, Madrid, Stockholm, Bath, Budapest, Auckland, Melbourne, Montreal, Paris, Copenhagen, Amsterdam, Los Angeles, Toronto, Vancouver, Santiago, Tallinn, Lima, Antwerp, Sofia, Kuala Lumpur, Oslo, Zhongshan, Myitkyina, Bangkok and many other cities.[5] The Ratha Yatra in Dhamrai, Bangladesh, is one of the most important in Bangladesh.

Service offerings[edit]

Jagannath temple employs different kinds of sevakas who offer their services on the Ratha.

  • Suara:
  • Mahasuara:
  • Dahuka: Ratha dahuka boli (Odia: ଡାହୁକ ବୋଲି, also "Dahuka gita" (ଡାହୁକ ଗୀତ)) which are poetic recitations. Ratha Yatra being a symbolic expression of fertility and Life cycle, these "boli" sung by the Dahuka contain bawdy songs. It is believed that unless the Dahuka boli is sung 'Ratha' does not move.[6] These songs are sung publicly without any kind of hold on the lyrics.[7] Dahuka controls the movement of Ratha during the festival.[8][9]
  • Daita pati:
  • Puspalaka:
  • Banati Players: Banati is an age-old art, in which a person spins balls set on fire and tied to the ends of a rope. Every year during the Rath yatra devotees perform "Banati" to appease Lord Jagannath.[10] Knives and fireballs, which are attached to the Banati add colour to the procession of the Lord as it reaches its destination

References[edit]

  1. ^ "About Puri Rath Yatra : Jagannath Rath Yatra". RathYatraLive. Retrieved 4 June 2016. 
  2. ^ ISKCON TRUTH Live broadcast Jagannatha Ratha Yatra festival throughout the day
  3. ^ "Jagannath glitters in golden get-up". Times of India. 9 July 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2014. 
  4. ^ "Jagannath glitters in golden get-up". Times of India. 9 July 2014. Retrieved 13 July 2014. 
  5. ^ Festival of India
  6. ^ The Eastern anthropologist, Volume 54. Lucknow, India. 2001.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  7. ^ Surendra, Mahanty (1982). Lord Jagannatha: the microcosm of Indian spiritual culture. Bhubaneswar, Orissa: Orissa Sahitya Akademi. p. 93. 
  8. ^ B. B. Jena (1980). Orissa, people, culture, and polity. Kalyani Publishers. p. 313. Retrieved 26 March 2012. 
  9. ^ Sarat Chandra Mahapatra. Car Festival of Lord Jagannath, Puri. Puri, India: Sri Jagannath Research Centre (Purī, India). Retrieved 26 March 2012. 
  10. ^ ""Banati" players perform martial art ode to Lord Jagannath". Hindustan Times, Delhi – via HighBeam Research (subscription required). 27 June 2006. Retrieved 15 September 2012. 

External links[edit]

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license